Religious Minorities in Iran

Author: Eliz Sanasarian
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139429856
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 8203
Eliz Sanasarian's book explores the political and ideological relationship between non-Muslim religious minorities in Iran and the state during the formative years of the Islamic Republic to the present day. Her analysis is based on a detailed examination of the history and experiences of the Armenians, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Jews, Zoroastrians, Bahais and Iranian Christians, and describes how these communities have responded to state policies regarding minorities. Many of her findings are constructed out of personal interviews with members of these communities. While the book is essentially an empirical study, it also highlights more general questions associated with exclusion and marginalization and the role of the state in defining these boundaries. This is an important and original book which will make a significant contribution to the literature on minorities and to the workings of the Islamic Republic.

Minorities in Iran

Nationalism and Ethnicity after Khomeini
Author: R. Elling
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137047801
Category: Political Science
Page: 267
View: 4869
Based on the premise that nationalism is a dominant factor in Iranian identity politics despite the significant changes brought about by the Islamic Revolution, this cross-disciplinary work investigates the languages of nationalism in contemporary Iran through the prism of the minority issue.

Die menschenrechtliche Situation sunnitischer Kurden in der Islamischen Republik Iran

Probleme der Verwirklichung der Menschenrechte in einer stark religiös geprägten Rechtsordnung im Spannungsfeld zwischen Völkerrecht, iranischem Verfassungsrecht und schiitischem religiösem Recht
Author: Ramin S. Moschtaghi
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642106935
Category: Law
Page: 451
View: 8236
Die Verwirklichung der Menschenrechte der kurdischen und der sunnitischen Minderheiten in Iran ist geprägt vom Spannungsverhältnis zwischen den völkerrechtlich garantierten Menschenrechten einerseits und den Vorgaben des islamischen Rechts sowie der iranischen Rechtsordnung andererseits. Der Autor befasst sich mit den menschenrechtlichen Problemen dieser Minderheiten und setzt sich schwerpunktmäßig mit dem beschränkten Zugang zu öffentlichen Ämtern sowie mit Einschränkungen im Bereich der Religionsfreiheit und der Sprachenrechte auseinander.

The Fire, the Star and the Cross

Minority Religions in Medieval and Early Modern Iran
Author: Aptin Khanbaghi
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781845110567
Category: History
Page: 268
View: 5812
The first comprehensive discussion of the cultural achievements of non-Muslim cultures in Iran. This book will appeal to scholars and students of religious studies and Iranian history alike and will also be of great interest to political scientists and economists concerned with modern Iran. Contemporary political events have generated a strong interest in minorities in the Middle East. Although today the region is mostly identified with Islam, it has been home to many other great cultures, and the civilization of the Islamic world is itself indebted to the various peoples that the Arabs subdued in the 7th and 8th centuries. Far from fading away after the Arab conquest, the inhabitants of the Iranian plateau and of Mesopotamia were central players in the lives of their regions. However, the magnitude of their contribution to the emergence of the early Islamic world has hitherto been neglected. In this fascinating and groundbreaking study, Khanbaghi offers a comprehensive discussion of those groups that resisted assimilation to the new Islamic order yet continued to participate actively in the socio-political life of their homeland. He concentrates on Iran, which due to its complex religious history offers unique opportunities for the study of non-Muslim communities, specifically of Zoroastrians, Jews and Christians

Human Rights, the UN and the Baháʼís in Iran

Author: Nazila Ghanea-Hercock
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041119537
Category: Law
Page: 628
View: 1486
This book provides the first comprehensive assessment of the contribution of the United Nations to the human rights situation of the Bahá ís in Iran. It does this by examining the theoretical, legal, institutional and political dimensions of this issue in detail. The situation of the Bahá í community in Iran between 1979 and 2002 provides a particularly good test case for the international community due to its clarity. By giving attention to a singular case within a discrete time frame, this book is able to effectively examine the impact of UN human rights protection. Attention is given in this study to the clash between religion and human rights, the protection of freedom of religion or belief in international law, the workings of UN human rights charter-based and treaty bodies and their various mechanisms, and recommendations for the resolution of the Bahá í human rights situation in Iran.

Contemporary Iran

Economy, Society, Politics
Author: Ali Gheissari
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199702855
Category: Political Science
Page: 400
View: 4733
Iran is a key player in some of the most crucial issues of our time. But because of its relative diplomatic isolation and the partisan nature of conflicting accounts voiced by different interest groups both inside and outside the country, there is a shortage of hard information about the scale and depth of social change in today's Iran. In this volume, and imposing roster of both internationally renowned Iranian scholars and rising young Iranian academics offer contributions--many based on recent fieldwork--on the nature and evolution of Iran's economy, significant aspects of Iran's changing society, and the dynamics of its domestic and international politics since the 1979 revolution, focusing particularly on the post-Khomeini period. The book will be of great interest not only to Iran specialists, but also to scholars of comparative politics, democratization, social change, politics in the Muslim world, and Middle Eastern studies.

Nationalism and Minority Identities in Islamic Societies

Author: Maya Shatzmiller
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780773528482
Category: Religion
Page: 346
View: 7406
The movement of nation building in Islamic societies away from the secular or Pan-Arab models of the early twentieth century toward a variety of "nationalisms" was accompanied by growing antagonism between the Muslim majority and ethnic or religious minorities. The papers in Nationalism and Minority Identities in Islamic Societies offer a comparative analysis of how these minorities developed their own distinctive identities within the modern Islamic nation-state. The essays focus on identity formation in five minority groups - Copts in Egypt, Baha'is and Christians in Pakistan, Berbers in Algeria and Morocco, and Kurds in Turkey and Iraq. While every minority community is distinctive, the experiences of each show that a state's authoritarian rule, uncompromising attitude towards expressions of particularism, and failure to offer tools for inclusion are all responsible for the politicization and radicalization of minority identities. The place of Islam in this process is complex: while its initial pluralistic role was transformed through the creation of the modern nation-state, the radicalization of society in turn radicalized and politicized minority identities. Minority groups, though at times possessing a measure of political autonomy, remain intensely vulnerable. Contributors include Juan R.I. Cole (University of Michigan), David L. Crawford (Fairfield University), Michael Gunter (Tennessee Technological University), Azzedine Layachi (St John's University), Richard C. Martin (Emory University), Paul S. Rowe (University of Western Ontario), Maya Shatzmiller (University of Western Ontario), Charles D. Smith (University of Arizona), Pieternella van Doorn-Harder (Valparaiso University), the late Linda S. Walbridge (University of Oklahoma), and M. Hakan Yavuz (University of Utah). Announcing the series: Studies in Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict General Editors: Sid Noel and Richard Vernon, co-directors of University of Western Ontario's Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict Research Group. Studies in Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict is a series that examines the political dimensions of nationality in the contemporary world. The series includes both scholarly monographs and edited volumes which consider the varied sources and political expressions of national identities, the politics of multiple loyalty, the domestic and international effects of competing identities within a single state, and the causes of, and political responses to, conflict between ethnic and religious groups. The volumes are designed for use by university students, scholars and interested general readers.

Bis wir frei sind

Mein Kampf für Menschenrechte im Iran
Author: Shirin Ebadi
Publisher: Piper ebooks
ISBN: 3492974813
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 304
View: 7743
Shirin Ebadi, die erste muslimische Friedensnobelpreisträgerin, wurde wegen ihres Engagements für Menschenrechte in ihrem Heimatland jahrelang von der iranischen Regierung bedroht und schikaniert – und verlor dabei alles: ihren Ehemann, ihr Zuhause, ihre Freunde, ihr Hab und Gut. Nur eines konnte man der Menschenrechtsaktivistin nicht nehmen: den Glauben an eine bessere Zukunft und den Willen, für ihre Überzeugungen zu kämpfen. Nun erzählt sie auf bewegende und erschütternde Weise von ihrem unablässigen Kampf für Freiheit und Gerechtigkeit, den sie trotz aller Widrigkeiten auch im Exil unerschrocken fortführt. Nach dem großen Erfolg von »Mein Iran« ist dies der zweite Teil ihrer beeindruckenden Geschichte.

Minority Rights in the Middle East

Author: Joshua Castellino,Kathleen A. Cavanaugh
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191668885
Category: Law
Page: 456
View: 6789
Within the Middle East there are a wide range of minority groups outside the mainstream religious and ethnic culture. This book provides a detailed examination of their rights as minorities within this region, and their changing status throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The rights of minorities in the Middle East are subject to a range of legal frameworks, having developed in part from Islamic law, and in recent years subject to international human rights law and institutional frameworks. The book examines the context in which minority rights operate within this conflicted region, investigating how minorities engage with (or are excluded from) various sites of power and how state practice in dealing with minorities (often ostensibly based on Islamic authority) intersects with and informs modern constitutionalism and international law. The book identifies who exactly can be classed as a minority group, analysing in detail the different religious and ethnic minorities across the region. The book also pays special attention to the plight of minorities who are spread between various states, often as the result of conflict. It assesses the applicable domestic legislative instruments within the three countries investigated as case studies: Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, and highlights key domestic remedies that could serve as models for ensuring greater social cohesion and greater inclusion of minorities in the political life of these countries.

Iran and Its Place Among Nations

Author: Alidad Mafinezam,Aria Mehrabi
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275999261
Category: History
Page: 141
View: 9398
Moves beyond simplistic dichotomies by taking up the issue of Iran's national identity and contending sources of its identity.

Ethnicity, Identity, and the Development of Nationalism in Iran

Author: David N. Yaghoubian
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 0815652720
Category: Political Science
Page: 440
View: 2352
Ethnicity, Identity, and the Development of Nationalism in Iran investigates the ways in which Armenian minorities in Iran encountered Iranian nationalism and participated in its development over the course of the twentieth century. Based primarily on oral interviews, archival documents, personal memoirs, memorabilia, and photographs, the book examines the lives of a group of Armenian-Iranians—a truck driver, an army officer, a parliamentary representative, a civil servant, and a scout leader—and explores the personal conflicts and paradoxes attendant upon their layered allegiances and compound identities. In documenting individual experiences in Iranian industry, military, government, education, and community organization, the five social biographies detail the various roles of elites and non-elites in the development of Iranian nationalism and reveal the multiple forces that shape the processes of identity formation. Yaghoubian combines these portraits with theories of nationalism and national identity to answer recurring pivotal questions about how nationalism evolves, why it is appealing, what broad forces and daily activities shape and sustain it, and the role of ethnicity in its development.

Managing Family Justice in Diverse Societies

Author: Mavis Maclean,John Eekelaar
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782250778
Category: Law
Page: 326
View: 2312
The aim of this book is to explore what response the law has or should have to different family practices arising from cultural and religious beliefs. The issue has become increasingly debated as western countries have become more culturally diverse. Although discussion has frequently focused on the role Islamic family law should have in these countries, this book seeks to set that discussion within a wider context that includes consideration both of theoretical issues and also of empirical data about the interaction between specific family practices and state law in a variety of jurisdictions ranging from England and Wales to Bangladesh, Botswana, Spain, Poland, France, Israel, Iran and South Africa. The contributors to the 17 chapters approach the subject matter from a variety of perspectives, illustrating its complex and often sensitive nature. The book does not set out to propose any single definitive strategy that should be adopted, but provides material on which researchers, advocates and policy makers can draw in furthering their understanding of and seeking solutions to the problems raised by this significant social development.

Die Flucht nach Hindustan und andere Geschichten aus dem Mathnawi

Author: Gisela Wendt
Publisher: Wallstein Verlag
ISBN: 9789060340707
Category: Sufi poetry, Persian
Page: 108
View: 2364

Superstition as Ideology in Iranian Politics

From Majlesi to Ahmadinejad
Author: Ali Rahnema
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139495623
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 7374
A superstitious reading of the world based on religion may be harmless at a private level, yet employed as a political tool it can have more sinister implications. As this fascinating book by Ali Rahnema, a distinguished Iranian intellectual, relates, superstition and mystical beliefs have endured and influenced ideology and political strategy in Iran from the founding of the Safavid dynasty in the sixteenth century to the present day. As Rahnema demonstrates through a close reading of the Persian sources and with examples from contemporary Iranian politics, it is this supposed connectedness to the hidden world that has allowed leaders such as Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi and Mahmud Ahmadinejad to present themselves and their entourage as representatives of the divine, and their rivals as the embodiment of evil.


Ethnic and Religious Minorities
Author: Hussein D. Hassan
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 143793806X
Page: 11
View: 6572
Iran is home to approximately 70.5 million people who are ethnically, religiously, and linguistically diverse. The central authority is dominated by Persians who constitute 51% of Iran¿s population. Iranians speak diverse Indo-Iranian, Semitic, Armenian, and Turkic languages. The state religion is Shia, Islam. Contents of this report: (1) Recent Developments; (2) Background; (3) Persian Dominance; (4) Under the Islamic Regime: History of Ethnic Grievances; Ethnic Unrest; (5) Major Ethnic Minority Groups: Azeris; Kurds; Arabs; Baluchis; (6) Religious Minority Groups: Sunni Muslims; Baha¿is; Christians; Jews; (7) Reaction to the Status of Minorities; (8) International Rights Groups. Map and table.

Jews in Iran since the revolution of 1979

Caught between a rock and a hard place
Author: Edgar Klüsener
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640099583
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 16
View: 8402
Essay from the year 2008 in the subject Orientalism / Sinology - General, grade: 1st (70 %), University of Manchester (School of Languages, Linguistics and Cultures), 16 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: When addressing Israel, Mr. Iran's rhetoric is unmistakable. The former president Ahmadinejad has allegedly called for Israel to be wiped off the map, and he has publicly expressed his doubts whether there has ever been a Holocaust. Although his rhetoric may appear extreme, it nevertheless broadly reflects the official policy of Iran towards Israel since the Islamic Revolution of 1979. Given this hostility, it comes as a surprise, that the Islamic Republic of Iran is actually home of the biggest Jewish community in the Middle East outside Israel. The estimates for the number of Jews living in Iran differ greatly according to various sources and range from 25,000 members⁠ to 35,000. The history of the Jewish community in Iran reaches back into the 7th century BCE, making it the oldest Jewish Diaspora-community. Many places holy to Jews are located in Iran. The history of almost 3,000 years of Jewish presence in Iran and the influence the Jewish community had at different times on Iranian society and culture are far too complex to be retold in a short essay like the one I am presenting. Before I turn to the situation after the Revolution of 1979 I will therefore only shortly touch on two major historical events which have significantly altered the position of the Jewish community in Iran: The establishment of Twelver Shiism as state religion in 1501 by the Safavids and the Constitutional Revolution of 1905-1911. The main body of this text deals with the situation of the Jewish community during and immediately after the constitution of the Islamic Republic until the present. The Iranian constitution grants all officially recognised religious minorities (Armenian Christians, Assyrians, Jews and Zoroastrians) specific rights including that to practise their religion freely. The recognised religious minorities elect their own representatives to the parliament (Majles), run their own schools and are protected against discrimination by the law. However, there have been instances of 'spontaneous' attacks on Jews, their property and their schools. I will also research how much Iran's animosity towards Israel was and is being reflected in its treatment of the Jewish minority in Iran. Because of the relative scarcity of primary sources, I will use a variety of secondary sources of varying quality and will therefore specifically indicate if I am concerned with the reliability of a source I have used.


From Theocracy to the Green Movement
Author: N. Nabavi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137112166
Category: Social Science
Page: 186
View: 9976
Negin Nabavi brings together essays written by experts and scholars that shed light on the many transformations that Iran has experienced in the thirty years under the Islamic Republic and speculate on the import of the developments of 2009 and beyond.

Between Foreigners and Shi‘is

Nineteenth-Century Iran and its Jewish Minority
Author: Daniel Tsadik
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804779487
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 7802
Based on archival and primary sources in Persian, Hebrew, Judeo-Persian, Arabic, and European languages, Between Foreigners and Shi'is examines the Jews' religious, social, and political status in nineteenth-century Iran. This book, which focuses on Nasir al-Din Shah's reign (1848-1896), is the first comprehensive scholarly attempt to weave all these threads into a single tapestry. This case study of the Jewish minority illuminates broader processes pertaining to other religious minorities and Iranian society in general, and the interaction among intervening foreigners, the Shi'i majority, and local Jews helps us understand Iranian dilemmas that have persisted well beyond the second half of the nineteenth century.

Religion and Society in Qajar Iran

Author: Professor of Arabic Studies Robert Gleave,Robert Gleave
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134304196
Category: History
Page: 496
View: 8623
Gleave brings together studies by experts in the area of religion in nineteenth-century Iran in order to present new insights into Qajar religion, political and cultural history. Key topics covered include the relationship between religion and the state, the importance of archival materials for the study of religion, the developments of Qajar religious thought, the position of religious minorities in Qajar Iran, the relationship between religion and Qajar culture, and the centrality of Shi'ite hierarchy and the state.