Religious Minorities in Iran

Author: Eliz Sanasarian
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139429856
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 6534
Eliz Sanasarian's book explores the political and ideological relationship between non-Muslim religious minorities in Iran and the state during the formative years of the Islamic Republic to the present day. Her analysis is based on a detailed examination of the history and experiences of the Armenians, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Jews, Zoroastrians, Bahais and Iranian Christians, and describes how these communities have responded to state policies regarding minorities. Many of her findings are constructed out of personal interviews with members of these communities. While the book is essentially an empirical study, it also highlights more general questions associated with exclusion and marginalization and the role of the state in defining these boundaries. This is an important and original book which will make a significant contribution to the literature on minorities and to the workings of the Islamic Republic.

Minorities in Iran

Nationalism and Ethnicity after Khomeini
Author: R. Elling
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137047801
Category: Political Science
Page: 267
View: 7877
Based on the premise that nationalism is a dominant factor in Iranian identity politics despite the significant changes brought about by the Islamic Revolution, this cross-disciplinary work investigates the languages of nationalism in contemporary Iran through the prism of the minority issue.


Ethnic and Religious Minorities
Author: Hussein D. Hassan
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 143793806X
Page: 11
View: 2868
Iran is home to approximately 70.5 million people who are ethnically, religiously, and linguistically diverse. The central authority is dominated by Persians who constitute 51% of Iran¿s population. Iranians speak diverse Indo-Iranian, Semitic, Armenian, and Turkic languages. The state religion is Shia, Islam. Contents of this report: (1) Recent Developments; (2) Background; (3) Persian Dominance; (4) Under the Islamic Regime: History of Ethnic Grievances; Ethnic Unrest; (5) Major Ethnic Minority Groups: Azeris; Kurds; Arabs; Baluchis; (6) Religious Minority Groups: Sunni Muslims; Baha¿is; Christians; Jews; (7) Reaction to the Status of Minorities; (8) International Rights Groups. Map and table.

Between Foreigners and Shi‘is

Nineteenth-Century Iran and its Jewish Minority
Author: Daniel Tsadik
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804779487
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 9512
Based on archival and primary sources in Persian, Hebrew, Judeo-Persian, Arabic, and European languages, Between Foreigners and Shi'is examines the Jews' religious, social, and political status in nineteenth-century Iran. This book, which focuses on Nasir al-Din Shah's reign (1848-1896), is the first comprehensive scholarly attempt to weave all these threads into a single tapestry. This case study of the Jewish minority illuminates broader processes pertaining to other religious minorities and Iranian society in general, and the interaction among intervening foreigners, the Shi'i majority, and local Jews helps us understand Iranian dilemmas that have persisted well beyond the second half of the nineteenth century.

Bis wir frei sind

Mein Kampf für Menschenrechte im Iran
Author: Shirin Ebadi
Publisher: Piper ebooks
ISBN: 3492974813
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 304
View: 2547
Shirin Ebadi, die erste muslimische Friedensnobelpreisträgerin, wurde wegen ihres Engagements für Menschenrechte in ihrem Heimatland jahrelang von der iranischen Regierung bedroht und schikaniert – und verlor dabei alles: ihren Ehemann, ihr Zuhause, ihre Freunde, ihr Hab und Gut. Nur eines konnte man der Menschenrechtsaktivistin nicht nehmen: den Glauben an eine bessere Zukunft und den Willen, für ihre Überzeugungen zu kämpfen. Nun erzählt sie auf bewegende und erschütternde Weise von ihrem unablässigen Kampf für Freiheit und Gerechtigkeit, den sie trotz aller Widrigkeiten auch im Exil unerschrocken fortführt. Nach dem großen Erfolg von »Mein Iran« ist dies der zweite Teil ihrer beeindruckenden Geschichte.

Human Rights, the UN and the Baháʼís in Iran

Author: Nazila Ghanea-Hercock
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041119537
Category: Law
Page: 628
View: 3823
This book provides the first comprehensive assessment of the contribution of the United Nations to the human rights situation of the Bahá ís in Iran. It does this by examining the theoretical, legal, institutional and political dimensions of this issue in detail. The situation of the Bahá í community in Iran between 1979 and 2002 provides a particularly good test case for the international community due to its clarity. By giving attention to a singular case within a discrete time frame, this book is able to effectively examine the impact of UN human rights protection. Attention is given in this study to the clash between religion and human rights, the protection of freedom of religion or belief in international law, the workings of UN human rights charter-based and treaty bodies and their various mechanisms, and recommendations for the resolution of the Bahá í human rights situation in Iran.

Iran and Its Place Among Nations

Author: Alidad Mafinezam,Aria Mehrabi
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275999261
Category: History
Page: 141
View: 8017
Moves beyond simplistic dichotomies by taking up the issue of Iran's national identity and contending sources of its identity.


From Theocracy to the Green Movement
Author: N. Nabavi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137112166
Category: Social Science
Page: 186
View: 2000
Negin Nabavi brings together essays written by experts and scholars that shed light on the many transformations that Iran has experienced in the thirty years under the Islamic Republic and speculate on the import of the developments of 2009 and beyond.

Minority Rights in the Middle East

Author: Joshua Castellino,Kathleen A. Cavanaugh
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191668885
Category: Law
Page: 456
View: 5232
Within the Middle East there are a wide range of minority groups outside the mainstream religious and ethnic culture. This book provides a detailed examination of their rights as minorities within this region, and their changing status throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The rights of minorities in the Middle East are subject to a range of legal frameworks, having developed in part from Islamic law, and in recent years subject to international human rights law and institutional frameworks. The book examines the context in which minority rights operate within this conflicted region, investigating how minorities engage with (or are excluded from) various sites of power and how state practice in dealing with minorities (often ostensibly based on Islamic authority) intersects with and informs modern constitutionalism and international law. The book identifies who exactly can be classed as a minority group, analysing in detail the different religious and ethnic minorities across the region. The book also pays special attention to the plight of minorities who are spread between various states, often as the result of conflict. It assesses the applicable domestic legislative instruments within the three countries investigated as case studies: Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, and highlights key domestic remedies that could serve as models for ensuring greater social cohesion and greater inclusion of minorities in the political life of these countries.

The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History

Author: Touraj Daryaee
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190208821
Category: History
Page: 432
View: 3760
This Handbook is a current, comprehensive single-volume history of Iranian civilization. The authors, all leaders in their fields, emphasize the large-scale continuities of Iranian history while also describing the important patterns of transformation that have characterized Iran's past. Each of the chapters focuses on a specific epoch of Iranian history and surveys the general political, social, cultural, and economic issues of that era. The ancient period begins with chapters considering the anthropological evidence of the prehistoric era, through to the early settled civilizations of the Iranian plateau, and continuing to the rise of the ancient Persian empires. The medieval section first considers the Arab-Muslim conquest of the seventh century, and then moves on to discuss the growing Turkish influence filtering in from Central Asia beginning in the tenth and eleventh centuries. The last third of the book covers Iran in the modern era by considering the rise of the Safavid state and its accompanying policy of centralization, the introduction of Shi'ism, the problems of reform and modernization in the Qajar and Pahlavi periods, and the revolution of 1978-79 and its aftermath. The book is a collaborative exercise among scholars specializing in a variety of sub-fields, and across a number of disciplines, including history, art history, classics, literature, politics, and linguistics. Here, readers can find a reliable and accessible narrative that can serve as an authoritative guide to the field of Iranian studies.

Nationalism and Minority Identities in Islamic Societies

Author: Maya Shatzmiller
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780773528482
Category: Religion
Page: 346
View: 540
The movement of nation building in Islamic societies away from the secular or Pan-Arab models of the early twentieth century toward a variety of "nationalisms" was accompanied by growing antagonism between the Muslim majority and ethnic or religious minorities. The papers in Nationalism and Minority Identities in Islamic Societies offer a comparative analysis of how these minorities developed their own distinctive identities within the modern Islamic nation-state. The essays focus on identity formation in five minority groups - Copts in Egypt, Baha'is and Christians in Pakistan, Berbers in Algeria and Morocco, and Kurds in Turkey and Iraq. While every minority community is distinctive, the experiences of each show that a state's authoritarian rule, uncompromising attitude towards expressions of particularism, and failure to offer tools for inclusion are all responsible for the politicization and radicalization of minority identities. The place of Islam in this process is complex: while its initial pluralistic role was transformed through the creation of the modern nation-state, the radicalization of society in turn radicalized and politicized minority identities. Minority groups, though at times possessing a measure of political autonomy, remain intensely vulnerable. Contributors include Juan R.I. Cole (University of Michigan), David L. Crawford (Fairfield University), Michael Gunter (Tennessee Technological University), Azzedine Layachi (St John's University), Richard C. Martin (Emory University), Paul S. Rowe (University of Western Ontario), Maya Shatzmiller (University of Western Ontario), Charles D. Smith (University of Arizona), Pieternella van Doorn-Harder (Valparaiso University), the late Linda S. Walbridge (University of Oklahoma), and M. Hakan Yavuz (University of Utah). Announcing the series: Studies in Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict General Editors: Sid Noel and Richard Vernon, co-directors of University of Western Ontario's Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict Research Group. Studies in Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict is a series that examines the political dimensions of nationality in the contemporary world. The series includes both scholarly monographs and edited volumes which consider the varied sources and political expressions of national identities, the politics of multiple loyalty, the domestic and international effects of competing identities within a single state, and the causes of, and political responses to, conflict between ethnic and religious groups. The volumes are designed for use by university students, scholars and interested general readers.

Iranian Identity and Cosmopolitanism

Spheres of Belonging
Author: Lucian Stone
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472567447
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 9856
Since cosmopolitanism has often been conceived as a tenet of 'Western civilization' that emanates from its Enlightenment-based origins in a humanist age of modernity, Iranian Identity and Cosmopolitanism: Spheres of Belonging advances a highly innovative gesture by contemplating the implications and relevance of the idea in a so-called non-Western cultural territory. The particularities of the Iranian and Islamic context shed new light on advancements and obstacles to cosmopolitan praxis. The volume provides four principle disciplinary assessments of cosmopolitanism: philosophy, political science, sociology, and cultural studies,including literary criticism. The authors in this collection critically examine topics including the historical encounter between Iranian and Western thinkers and its impact on Iranian political ideals; the tension between maintaining apolitical-theology rooted in metaphysical assumptions and the prerequisite of secularism in cosmopolitan and democratic philosophies. This highly innovative volume will be of interest to scholars and students of Middle Eastern and Iranian Studies, Islamic Studies, Globalization, Political Science and Philosophy.

Managing Family Justice in Diverse Societies

Author: Mavis Maclean,John Eekelaar
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782250778
Category: Law
Page: 326
View: 8360
The aim of this book is to explore what response the law has or should have to different family practices arising from cultural and religious beliefs. The issue has become increasingly debated as western countries have become more culturally diverse. Although discussion has frequently focused on the role Islamic family law should have in these countries, this book seeks to set that discussion within a wider context that includes consideration both of theoretical issues and also of empirical data about the interaction between specific family practices and state law in a variety of jurisdictions ranging from England and Wales to Bangladesh, Botswana, Spain, Poland, France, Israel, Iran and South Africa. The contributors to the 17 chapters approach the subject matter from a variety of perspectives, illustrating its complex and often sensitive nature. The book does not set out to propose any single definitive strategy that should be adopted, but provides material on which researchers, advocates and policy makers can draw in furthering their understanding of and seeking solutions to the problems raised by this significant social development.

The Fire, the Star and the Cross

Minority Religions in Medieval and Early Modern Iran
Author: Aptin Khanbaghi
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857733052
Category: Religion
Page: 288
View: 9778
Contemporary political events have generated a strong interest in minorities in the Middle East. Although today the region is mostly identified with Islam, it has been home to many other great cultures, and the civilization of the Islamic world is itself indebted to the various peoples that the Arabs subdued in the 7th and 8th centuries. Far from fading away after the Arab conquest, the inhabitants of the Iranian plateau and of Mesopotamia were central players in the lives of their regions. However, the magnitude of their contribution to the emergence of the early Islamic world has hitherto been neglected. In this fascinating and groundbreaking study, Khanbaghi offers a comprehensive discussion of those groups that resisted assimilation to the new Islamic order yet continued to participate actively in the socio-political life of their homeland. He concentrates on Iran, which due to its complex religious history offers unique opportunities for the study of non-Muslim communities, specifically of Zoroastrians, Jews and Christians. Aptin Khanbaghi has written an important and fascinating book which aims to present a thorough evaluation of the historical contributions made by religious minorities – Zoroastrians, Jews and Christians – to the societal and cultural physiognomy of the lands of Iran in pre-modern and early modern times. His general perspective and his broad treatment of the topic are quite new, while his use of sources and of the secondary literature is genuinely impressive. The Fire, the Star and the Cross makes a very significant and original contribution to our knowledge and understanding of Iranian history and civilization during an era when the foundations were laid for the emerging modern Iranian state.’ BERT G FRAGNER, Director of the Institute of Iranian Studies, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna

The New Americans

A Guide to Immigration since 1965
Author: Mary C. Waters,Reed Ueda,Helen B. Marrow
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674044932
Category: Social Science
Page: 731
View: 8335
The United States has always been a nation of immigrants, shaped by successive waves of new arrivals. This comprehensive guide, edited and written by an interdisciplinary group of prominent scholars, provides an authoritative account of the most recent surge of immigrants. Based on the latest U.S. Census data and scholarly research, The New Americans is an essential reference for anyone curious about the changing face of America.

Die menschenrechtliche Situation sunnitischer Kurden in der Islamischen Republik Iran

Probleme der Verwirklichung der Menschenrechte in einer stark religiös geprägten Rechtsordnung im Spannungsfeld zwischen Völkerrecht, iranischem Verfassungsrecht und schiitischem religiösem Recht
Author: Ramin S. Moschtaghi
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642106935
Category: Law
Page: 451
View: 4929
Die Verwirklichung der Menschenrechte der kurdischen und der sunnitischen Minderheiten in Iran ist geprägt vom Spannungsverhältnis zwischen den völkerrechtlich garantierten Menschenrechten einerseits und den Vorgaben des islamischen Rechts sowie der iranischen Rechtsordnung andererseits. Der Autor befasst sich mit den menschenrechtlichen Problemen dieser Minderheiten und setzt sich schwerpunktmäßig mit dem beschränkten Zugang zu öffentlichen Ämtern sowie mit Einschränkungen im Bereich der Religionsfreiheit und der Sprachenrechte auseinander.

Superstition as Ideology in Iranian Politics

From Majlesi to Ahmadinejad
Author: Ali Rahnema
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139495623
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 4836
A superstitious reading of the world based on religion may be harmless at a private level, yet employed as a political tool it can have more sinister implications. As this fascinating book by Ali Rahnema, a distinguished Iranian intellectual, relates, superstition and mystical beliefs have endured and influenced ideology and political strategy in Iran from the founding of the Safavid dynasty in the sixteenth century to the present day. As Rahnema demonstrates through a close reading of the Persian sources and with examples from contemporary Iranian politics, it is this supposed connectedness to the hidden world that has allowed leaders such as Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi and Mahmud Ahmadinejad to present themselves and their entourage as representatives of the divine, and their rivals as the embodiment of evil.

Jews, Muslims and Mass Media

Mediating the 'Other'
Author: Yulia Egorova,Tudor Parfitt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134367600
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 9330
This text looks at the ways in which Jews, Muslims and the conflict between them has been covered in the modern media. Both Jews and Muslims generally receive a 'bad press'. This book will try to reveal why. The media have clearly played a pro-active role in the Middle East conflict, the coverage of which is obscured by the contrasting images of Jew and Muslim in western thought.

Ethnic Identity and the State in Iran

Author: A. Saleh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137310871
Category: Social Science
Page: 233
View: 8490
While the Islamic Republic has employed various strategies to mitigate the worst excesses of inter-ethnic tension while still securing a Shi'a dominated "Persian hegemony," the systematic neglect of ethnic groups by both the Islamic Republic and its predecessor regime has resulted in the politicization of ethnic identity in Iran.