Monitoring with Lichens - Monitoring Lichens


Author: Pier Luigi Nimis,Christoph Scheidegger,Patricia Wolseley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401004234
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 6901
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A comprehensive, up-to-date review of lichens as biomonitors of air pollution (bioindication, metal and radionuclide accumulation, biomarkers), and as monitors of environmental change (including global climate change and biodiversity loss) in a wide array of terrestrial habitats. Several methods for using lichens as biomonitors are described in a special section of the book.

Pollution monitoring with lichens


Author: David H. S. Richardson
Publisher: Richmond Publishers
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 76
View: 7510
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Environmental Monitoring


Author: G. Bruce Wiersma
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203495476
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 792
View: 1273
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The current rate and scale of environmental change around the world makes the detection and understanding of these changes increasingly urgent. Subsequently, government legislation is focusing on measurable results of environmental programs, requiring researchers to employ effective and efficient methods for acquiring high-quality data. Environmental Monitoring is the first book to bring together the conceptual basis behind all monitoring activities with specific approaches to the monitoring of air, water, and land. Coverage includes integrated monitoring at the landscape level, as well as case studies of existing monitoring programs. The book focuses on pollution issues and impacts resulting from human activities and includes results from monitoring efforts carried out in various countries on several continents. The multinational makeup of the contributors and the cases presented gives the book worldwide relevance. Academics in all fields relating to environmental monitoring, as well as governmental agency employees and supporting contractor agencies, will find this book a comprehensive and useful reference.

Lichens to Biomonitor the Environment


Author: Vertika Shukla,D.K. Upreti,Rajesh Bajpai
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 8132215036
Category: Science
Page: 185
View: 7430
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The book embodies the detailed account about unique symbionts i.e. LICHENS in ecosystem monitoring. The first chapter deals with unique characteristics features of lichens which facilitate their survival in extreme climates and makes them an ideal organism for ecosystem monitoring. Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites are known to protect lichens against increasing environmental stresses therefore second chapter provides insight into various chromatographic and modern spectroscopic techniques involved in separation and characterization of lichen substances. The third chapter elaborates the criteria for selection of biomonitoring species and characters of host plant that influences lichen diversity and details about different lichen species utilized for biomonitoring. One can retrieve preliminary information about the air quality based on the lichen community structure and distribution of bioindicator species as lichen communities/indicator species provides valuable information about the natural/anthropogenic induced changes in the microclimate and land-use changes due to human activity. Therefore, for identification of species, a key to genera and species provides concise information to identify the lichen species based on their morphological and anatomical characters and chemicals present. Keys provided in Chapter 4 will help the beginners to identify some common lichen species based on the distribution in different climatic zones of India. The section also provides comprehensive information about the bioindicator communities and bioindicator species from India. Chapter 5 provides the details of factors affecting the ecosystem (natural as well as anthropogenic disturbances) and role of lichens in ecosystem monitoring in India has been discussed in detail. Chapter 6 discusses the need and utility of indicator species especially lichen biomonitoring data in sustainable forest management and conservation. The content about lichens in biomonitoring will be a valuable resource for researchers from different fields and will provide an essential reference for people interested in lichens and its role in ecosystem monitoring. The book will also hopefully popularize lichenological studies in India and will generate more active participation of lichen biomonitoring studies in management and conservation of natural resources in India.

Indicators and Surrogates of Biodiversity and Environmental Change


Author: David Lindenmayer,Philip Barton,Jennifer Pierson
Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
ISBN: 1486304109
Category: Nature
Page: 216
View: 4466
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Ecological indicators and surrogates are used widely by resource managers to monitor and understand complex biota and ecosystem processes. Their potential to guide complex resource management has meant they have been proposed for use in all ecosystems worldwide. Despite extensive research into indicators and surrogates, there remains much controversy about their use, in addition to major issues and knowledge gaps associated with their identification, testing and application. Indicators and Surrogates of Biodiversity and Environmental Change provides insights into the use of indicators and surrogates in natural resource management and conservation – where to use them, where not to use them, and how to use them. Using an ecological approach, the chapters explore the development, application and efficacy of indicators and surrogates in terrestrial, aquatic, marine and atmospheric environments. The authors identify current gaps in knowledge and articulate the future directions for research needed to close those gaps. This book is written by the world’s leading thinkers in the area of indicators and surrogates. It is the first major synthesis of learnings about indicators and surrogates and will be a critical resource for the vast number of people developing and applying them in ecosystems around the world. It will be an essential resource for scientists, policy makers and students with interests in surrogates and indicators.

Die Flechten


Author: Gustav Lindau
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662262630
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 8681
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Biomonitoring Air Pollutants with Plants


Author: W.J. Manning,W.A. Feder
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 142
View: 2241
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Protocols in Lichenology

Culturing, Biochemistry, Ecophysiology, and Use in Biomonitoring
Author: Ilse Kranner,Richard Beckett,Ajit Varma
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540411390
Category: Science
Page: 580
View: 6490
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As an intricate association between a fungus and one or more green algae or cyanobacteria, lichens are one of the most successful examples of symbiosis. These fascinating organisms survive extreme desiccation and temperatures. They are adapted to a great variety of habitats, from coastal fog zones of deserts to intertidal zones, from plant leaves in tropical rain forests to the glacial moraines of the Himalayas, and they are dominant components of communities in circumpolar ecosystems. Possibly, because of their tendency to grow in nutrient-poor habitats, lichens are extremely efficient accumulators of atmospherically deposited pollutants, and are therefore widely used to monitor environmental pollution. The wide range of secondary products only found in lichens show pharmaceutically interesting fungicidal, antibacterial and antiviral properties. Lichens are extremely difficult to culture, grow very slowly, and their secondary metabolites very often complicate the analyses of other compounds. As a result, they require special techniques. This manual provides well-tested protocols, including tissue culture protocols and methods for studying lichen ultrastructure, (eco)physiology, primary and secondary compounds, and nucleic acids. Protocols for using lichens to monitor environmental pollution and to document lichen biodiversity are also provided. Special terms used in lichenology are explained in a glossary.

Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs

Verbreitungsatlas
Author: Volkmar Wirth
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Lichens
Page: 528
View: 6335
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Flechtenflora

Bestimmung und ökologische Kennzeichnung der Flechten Südwestdeutschlands und angrenzender Gebiete
Author: Volkmar Wirth
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Lichens
Page: 661
View: 4190
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Recent Advances in Lichenology

Modern Methods and Approaches in Biomonitoring and Bioprospection
Author: Dalip Kumar Upreti,Pradeep K. Divakar,Vertika Shukla,Rajesh Bajpai
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132221818
Category: Science
Page: 265
View: 391
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This book discusses in detail molecular, mycobiont culture, biomonitoring and bioprospection of lichens, providing insights into advances in different fields of lichenology by applying modern techniques and approaches and examining how their application has enhanced or changed classical approaches. It offers a valuable resource, especially for beginners, students and researchers from different academic backgrounds interested in the study of lichens. In recent years, the introduction of modern analytical techniques and approaches has significantly improved our understanding of the environment, including lichens. Lichens are unique organisms which possess untapped potential as effective and reliable bioindicators, sources of therapeutic phytochemicals, and as excellent extremophiles. The unique and peculiar characteristics of lichens underline the need for a multidimensional approach to explore their potential in various fields of environment science, botany and chemistry. Modern techniques, especially molecular techniques, have greatly enriched the field of lichen taxonomy and its position in the plant kingdom, revealing little-known species and exploring their evolutionary history, while multivariate analysis and GIS approaches have established lichens as an ideal and reliable tool for monitoring air pollution. Advanced culture techniques have expanded the pharmacological applications of lichens, which was formerly restricted due to their small biomass. The advent of sophisticated analytical instrumentation has now facilitated the isolation and characterization of lichens’ bioactive constituents, even in lower concentrations, as well as the estimation of their stress responses at different levels of pollution. As lichen diversity is adversely affected by increasing air pollution, there is a pressing need to develop effective management practices to conserve, restore and document lichen diversity.

Langzeitforschung für eine nachhaltige Waldnutzung


Author: James Kirchner
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Forest ecology
Page: 129
View: 1487
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Biological Methods for Use in Monitoring the Arctic

Proceedings of a Workshop, Svanvik, Norway 7.-10. March 1995
Author: Kari Viken Olsen
Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers
ISBN: 9789291207466
Category: Biological monitoring
Page: 159
View: 1500
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Lichen Bioindication of Biodiversity, Air Quality, and Climate

Baseline Results from Monitoring in Washington, Oregon, and California
Author: Sarah Jovan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Air
Page: 115
View: 3429
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Lichens are highly valued ecological indicators known for their sensitivity to a wide variety of environmental stressors like air quality and climate change. This report summarizes baseline results from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) Lichen Community Indicator covering the first full cycle of data collection (1998-2001, 2003) for Washington, Oregon, and California. During this period, FIA conducted 972 surveys of epiphytic macrolichen communities for monitoring both spatial and long-term temporal trends in forest health. Major research findings are presented with emphasis on lichen biodiversity as well as bioindication of air quality and climate. Considerable effort is devoted to mapping geographic patterns and defining lichen indicator species suitable for estimating air quality and climate.

Israel Journal of Plant Sciences


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Botany
Page: N.A
View: 2516
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Herzogia


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Bryology
Page: N.A
View: 2428
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Die Flechten Deutschlands


Author: Volkmar Wirth,Markus Hauck,Matthias Schultz
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783800159031
Category: Lichens
Page: 1244
View: 6501
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Assessing Air Pollution Impacts

Biomonitoring with Lichens and Mosses
Author: Martha M. Makholm
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 105
View: 2172
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Lichenological Contributions in Honour of G.B. Feige


Author: Guido B. Feige,Manfred Jensen
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Lichens
Page: 491
View: 9448
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