Monitoring with Lichens - Monitoring Lichens


Author: Pier Luigi Nimis,Christoph Scheidegger,Patricia Wolseley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401004234
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 6027
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A comprehensive, up-to-date review of lichens as biomonitors of air pollution (bioindication, metal and radionuclide accumulation, biomarkers), and as monitors of environmental change (including global climate change and biodiversity loss) in a wide array of terrestrial habitats. Several methods for using lichens as biomonitors are described in a special section of the book.

Monitoring with Lichens - Monitoring Lichens


Author: Pier Luigi Nimis,Patricia A. Wolseley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402004308
Category: Nature
Page: 408
View: 5226
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Lichen Monitoring, Wales, United Kingdom, 16-23 August 2000

Monitoring with Lichens - Monitoring Lichens


Author: Pier Luigi Nimis,Christoph Scheidegger,Patricia Wolseley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781402004292
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 6597
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A comprehensive, up-to-date review of lichens as biomonitors of air pollution (bioindication, metal and radionuclide accumulation, biomarkers), and as monitors of environmental change (including global climate change and biodiversity loss) in a wide array of terrestrial habitats. Several methods for using lichens as biomonitors are described in a special section of the book.

Pollution monitoring with lichens


Author: David H. S. Richardson
Publisher: Richmond Publishers
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 76
View: 2994
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Lichens to Biomonitor the Environment


Author: Vertika Shukla,D.K. Upreti,Rajesh Bajpai
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 8132215036
Category: Science
Page: 185
View: 5450
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The book embodies the detailed account about unique symbionts i.e. LICHENS in ecosystem monitoring. The first chapter deals with unique characteristics features of lichens which facilitate their survival in extreme climates and makes them an ideal organism for ecosystem monitoring. Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites are known to protect lichens against increasing environmental stresses therefore second chapter provides insight into various chromatographic and modern spectroscopic techniques involved in separation and characterization of lichen substances. The third chapter elaborates the criteria for selection of biomonitoring species and characters of host plant that influences lichen diversity and details about different lichen species utilized for biomonitoring. One can retrieve preliminary information about the air quality based on the lichen community structure and distribution of bioindicator species as lichen communities/indicator species provides valuable information about the natural/anthropogenic induced changes in the microclimate and land-use changes due to human activity. Therefore, for identification of species, a key to genera and species provides concise information to identify the lichen species based on their morphological and anatomical characters and chemicals present. Keys provided in Chapter 4 will help the beginners to identify some common lichen species based on the distribution in different climatic zones of India. The section also provides comprehensive information about the bioindicator communities and bioindicator species from India. Chapter 5 provides the details of factors affecting the ecosystem (natural as well as anthropogenic disturbances) and role of lichens in ecosystem monitoring in India has been discussed in detail. Chapter 6 discusses the need and utility of indicator species especially lichen biomonitoring data in sustainable forest management and conservation. The content about lichens in biomonitoring will be a valuable resource for researchers from different fields and will provide an essential reference for people interested in lichens and its role in ecosystem monitoring. The book will also hopefully popularize lichenological studies in India and will generate more active participation of lichen biomonitoring studies in management and conservation of natural resources in India.

Air Quality Integrated Assessment

A European Perspective
Author: Giorgio Guariso,Marialuisa Volta
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319333496
Category: Science
Page: 110
View: 8478
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book reports on the results of an extended survey conducted across Europe within the framework of the APPRAISAL FP7 project to determine the extent to which an integrated assessment approach to air quality is being adopted, on the one hand, by regional and local authorities to develop air quality plans and, on the other, by researchers. Following a detailed analysis of the role and structure of the components of an integrated assessment study, the results of the survey are considered from a variety of perspectives. Above all, the book discusses the new light the survey sheds on emission abatement policies and measures planned at regional and local scales, and on their synergies/trade-offs with measures implemented at the national scale. Detailed consideration is given to the currently available modeling methodologies for identifying emission sources, assessing the effectiveness of emission reduction measures, and evaluating the impacts of emission abatement measures on human health. Current strengths and weaknesses revealed by the survey are explored, and the application of an integrated assessment tool in two case studies (in Brussels and Porto) is discussed. The book will appeal to all those interested in the use of integrated assessment in connection with the sources, effects and control of air pollution.

Lichens of North America


Author: Irwin M. Brodo,Sylvia Duran Sharnoff,Stephen Sharnoff,Canadian Museum of Nature
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300082495
Category: Nature
Page: 795
View: 5242
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Lichens are a unique form of plant life, the product of a symbiotic association between an alga and a fungus. The beauty and importance of lichens have long been overlooked, despite their abundance and diversity in most parts of North America and elsewhere in the world. This stunning book - the first accessible and authoritative guidebook to lichens of the North American continent - fills the gap, presenting superb colour photographs, descriptions, distribution maps, and keys for identifying the most common, conspicuous, or ecologically significant species. The book focuses on 805 foliose, fruticose, and crustose lichens (the latter rarely included in popular guidebooks) and presents information on another 70 species in the keys or notes, special attention is given to species endemic to North America. A comprehensive introduction discusses the biology, structure, uses, and ecological significance of lichens and is illustrated with 90 additional colour photos and many line drawings. English names are provided for most species, and the book also includes a glossary that explains technical terms. This visually rich and informative book will open the eyes of nature lovers everywhere to

Recent Advances in Lichenology

Modern Methods and Approaches in Lichen Systematics and Culture Techniques
Author: Dalip Kumar Upreti,Pradeep K. Divakar,Vertika Shukla,Rajesh Bajpai
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132222350
Category: Science
Page: 232
View: 4384
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This book discusses in detail molecular, mycobiont culture, biomonitoring and bioprospection of lichens, providing insights into advances in different fields of lichenology by applying modern techniques and approaches and examining how their application has enhanced or changed classical approaches. It offers a valuable resource, especially for beginners, students and researchers from different academic backgrounds interested in the study of lichens. In recent years, the introduction of modern analytical techniques and approaches has significantly improved our understanding of the environment, including lichens. Lichens are unique organisms which possess untapped potential as effective and reliable bioindicators, sources of therapeutic phytochemicals, and as excellent extremophiles. The unique and peculiar characteristics of lichens underline the need for a multidimensional approach to explore their potential in various fields of environment science, botany and chemistry. Modern techniques, especially molecular techniques, have greatly enriched the field of lichen taxonomy and its position in the plant kingdom, revealing little-known species and exploring their evolutionary history, while multivariate analysis and GIS approaches have established lichens as an ideal and reliable tool for monitoring air pollution. Advanced culture techniques have expanded the pharmacological applications of lichens, which was formerly restricted due to their small biomass. The advent of sophisticated analytical instrumentation has now facilitated the isolation and characterization of lichens’ bioactive constituents, even in lower concentrations, as well as the estimation of their stress responses at different levels of pollution. As lichen diversity is adversely affected by increasing air pollution, there is a pressing need to develop effective management practices to conserve, restore and document lichen diversity.

The Macrolichens of New England

Descriptions, Color Illustrations, Identification Keys, Conservation Status
Author: James Wadsworth Hinds,Patricia L. Hinds
Publisher: New York Botanical Garden PressDept
ISBN: 9780893274771
Category: Gardening
Page: 584
View: 1369
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Trace elements in terrestrial plants

an ecophysiological approach to biomonitoring and biorecovery
Author: Roberto Bargagli
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN: 9783540645511
Category: Nature
Page: 324
View: 4393
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With its unique collection of case studies, this book provides detailed coverage of metal biomonitoring and bioremediation in terrestrial ecosystems using higher plants, lichens, mosses and fungi. Emphasis is placed on application rather than theory. It gives an exhaustive account of the most reliable procedures for sampling, sample preparation, analytical determinations and interpretation of data. Using an ecophysiological approach, metal uptake by plants and metal transfer along terrestrial food chains are examined.

Terricolous Lichens in India

Volume 1: Diversity Patterns and Distribution Ecology
Author: Himanshu Rai,Dalip K. Upreti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461487366
Category: Science
Page: 98
View: 5889
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Terricolous lichens, a habitat specialist group of lichens play a vital role in maintenance and ecological stability of soil crusts with reference to their physical stability, hydrology and growth of soil microflora. Terricolous lichens in Indian lichenological studies haven’t been taken up as a functional group. Terricolous Lichens in India, Volume 1: Diversity Patterns and Distribution Ecology is the first ever publication dealing with soil lichens of India. Divided into five chapters, this volume discusses the lichenological researches in India with reference to terricolous lichens, the altitudinal distribution patterns of terricolous lichens, comparative assessment of distribution with global patterns, and the photobiont diversity and influence of novel molecular clades of photobiont in determining ecological preferences of soil lichens in India. Written by experts in the field and supplemented with numerous photographs, Terricolous Lichens in India, Volume 1: Diversity Patterns and Distribution Ecology is a comprehensive resource that addresses the major drivers of terricolous lichens distribution in India.

Lichen Biology


Author: Thomas H. Nash
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521459747
Category: Science
Page: 303
View: 4725
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A broad-ranging review of organisms which have long-fascinated biologists, ecologists and chemists.

Biomonitoring of Air Pollution Using Mosses and Lichens

A Passive and Active Approach: State of the Art Research and Perspectives
Author: Mira Aničić Uroević,Milica Tomaevic,Gordana Vuković
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781536100518
Category:
Page: 204
View: 2642
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Air pollution has been recognised as the worlds top problem in many strategic environmental policies. However, it is still inadequately corroborated by regulatory monitoring due to the balance between costs and practicable constraints. The variability in air pollution patterns additionally emphasises a need for feasible approaches to extensive screening of pollutants. To achieve highly temporally and spatially resolved measurements, biomonitoring, i.e., the use of living organisms to determine changes in the environment has been utilised in the investigating of a complementary method to regulatory measurements. The book Biomonitoring of Air Pollution Using Mosses and Lichens: A Passive and Active Approach ‒ State of the Art Research and Perspectives aims to give reviews of research over the last decade of the most recommended organisms for monitoring airborne inorganic and organic pollutants. Naturally growing mosses and lichens have been used as passive biomonitors of long-term atmospheric deposition of the pollutants across remote areas. To overcome scarcity of these biomonitors in anthropogenically devastated areas, an active biomonitoring approach has been investigated. Specifically, the use of moss and lichen bags represents a convenient technique for easily performed biomonitoring of short-term and small-scale pollutant distribution, especially in urban and industrial areas. As a new direction in biomonitoring, magnetic properties of the biomonitors have been investigated as a valuable proxy for ambient particle pollution. This book moves beyond the attempt to promote biomonitoring as an effective approach for screening air quality that should be considered for implementation into laws and regulations against air pollution. Finally, the authors review the latest research in the field of air pollution biomonitoring, which is vital for everyone engaged in solving environmental issues.

Air pollution and lichens


Author: B. W. Ferry,M. Susan Baddeley,D. L. Hawksworth
Publisher: Burns & Oates
ISBN: N.A
Category: Nature
Page: 389
View: 1609
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The Lichen-forming Fungi


Author: D. L. Hawksworth,David J. Hill (D. Phil.)
Publisher: Blackie Academic and Professional
ISBN: N.A
Category: Fungi
Page: 158
View: 5659
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Design and Analysis of Long-term Ecological Monitoring Studies


Author: Robert A. Gitzen,Joshua J. Millspaugh,Andrew B. Cooper,Daniel S. Licht
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139510193
Category: Nature
Page: N.A
View: 1831
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To provide useful and meaningful information, long-term ecological programs need to implement solid and efficient statistical approaches for collecting and analyzing data. This volume provides rigorous guidance on quantitative issues in monitoring, with contributions from world experts in the field. These experts have extensive experience in teaching fundamental and advanced ideas and methods to natural resource managers, scientists and students. The chapters present a range of tools and approaches, including detailed coverage of variance component estimation and quantitative selection among alternative designs; spatially balanced sampling; sampling strategies integrating design- and model-based approaches; and advanced analytical approaches such as hierarchical and structural equation modelling. Making these tools more accessible to ecologists and other monitoring practitioners across numerous disciplines, this is a valuable resource for any professional whose work deals with ecological monitoring. Supplementary example software code is available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521191548.

The Lichens of Italy

An Annotated Catalogue
Author: P. L. Nimis
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9788886041027
Category: Science
Page: 897
View: 1292
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Lichen ecology


Author: M. R. D. Seaward
Publisher: Academic Pr
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 550
View: 1547
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Includes "Lichens of the boreal coniferous zone" by Teuvo Ahti.

Environmental Monitoring


Author: G. Bruce Wiersma
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203495476
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 792
View: 953
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The current rate and scale of environmental change around the world makes the detection and understanding of these changes increasingly urgent. Subsequently, government legislation is focusing on measurable results of environmental programs, requiring researchers to employ effective and efficient methods for acquiring high-quality data. Environmental Monitoring is the first book to bring together the conceptual basis behind all monitoring activities with specific approaches to the monitoring of air, water, and land. Coverage includes integrated monitoring at the landscape level, as well as case studies of existing monitoring programs. The book focuses on pollution issues and impacts resulting from human activities and includes results from monitoring efforts carried out in various countries on several continents. The multinational makeup of the contributors and the cases presented gives the book worldwide relevance. Academics in all fields relating to environmental monitoring, as well as governmental agency employees and supporting contractor agencies, will find this book a comprehensive and useful reference.