Morphometrics for Nonmorphometricians


Author: Ashraf M.T. Elewa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540958525
Category: Computers
Page: 367
View: 5717
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This introduction to morphometrics does not rely on complex mathematics and statistics. It includes application case studies in fields ranging from paleontology to evolutionary ecology, and it discusses software for analyzing and comparing shape.

The Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Ceramic Analysis


Author: Alice M. W. Hunt
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199681538
Category: Antiques & Collectibles
Page: 724
View: 3633
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The Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Ceramic Analysis draws together topics and methodologies essential for the socio-cultural, mineralogical, and geochemical analysis of archaelogical ceramic. Ceramic is one of the most complex and ubiquitous archaeomaterials in the archaeological record: it occurs around the world and through time in almost every culture and context, from building materials and technological installations to utilitarian wares and votive figurines. For more than 100 years, archaeologists have used ceramic analysis to answer complex questions about economy, subsistence, technological innovation, social organization, and dating. The volume is structured around the themes "Research design and data analysis," "Foundational concepts," "Evaluating ceramic provenance," "Investigating ceramic manufacture," "Assessing vessel function," and "Dating ceramic assemblages." It provides a common vocabulary and offers practical tools and guidelines for ceramic analysis using techniques and methodologies ranging from network analysis and typology to rehydroxylation dating and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Each chapter provides the theoretical background and practical guidelines, such as cost and destructiveness of analysis, for each technique, as well as detailed case studies illustrating the application and interpretation of analytical data for answering anthropological questions.

Image Statistics in Visual Computing


Author: Tania Pouli,Erik Reinhard,Douglas W. Cunningham
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439874905
Category: Computers
Page: 372
View: 1277
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To achieve the complex task of interpreting what we see, our brains rely on statistical regularities and patterns in visual data. Knowledge of these regularities can also be considerably useful in visual computing disciplines, such as computer vision, computer graphics, and image processing. The field of natural image statistics studies the regularities to exploit their potential and better understand human vision. With numerous color figures throughout, Image Statistics in Visual Computing covers all aspects of natural image statistics, from data collection to analysis to applications in computer graphics, computational photography, image processing, and art. The authors keep the material accessible, providing mathematical definitions where appropriate to help readers understand the transforms that highlight statistical regularities present in images. The book also describes patterns that arise once the images are transformed and gives examples of applications that have successfully used statistical regularities. Numerous references enable readers to easily look up more information about a specific concept or application. A supporting website also offers additional information, including descriptions of various image databases suitable for statistics. Collecting state-of-the-art, interdisciplinary knowledge in one source, this book explores the relation of natural image statistics to human vision and shows how natural image statistics can be applied to visual computing. It encourages readers in both academic and industrial settings to develop novel insights and applications in all disciplines that relate to visual computing.

Geology and Mineral Resources of Nigeria


Author: Nuhu George Obaje
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540926852
Category: Science
Page: 221
View: 3665
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Contains details on the geological units of Nigeria and the associated mineral resources. The book is divided into three parts. Part 1 discusses the geology of the crystalline rocks and their regional distribution while the sedimentary basins constitute the subject of Part 2. Part 3 takes the mineral resources of Nigeria one on one, their geological environment, mode of occurrence, localities and where possible the reserves estimation. Thereafter, an account of the previous and current mining policies (including that of petroleum) of the Nigerian government is given and goes ahead to list some specific investment opportunities in the solid minerals sector.

New Aspects on Tethyan Cretaceous Fossil Assemblages


Author: H.A. Kollmann,H. Zapfe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3709156440
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 7212
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Morphometrics

Applications in Biology and Paleontology
Author: Ashraf M.T. Elewa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662088657
Category: Science
Page: 264
View: 7504
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This book offers a thorough and up-to-date treatment of the use of morphometric procedures in a wide variety of contexts. As one of the most dynamic and popular fields on the contemporary biological scene, morphometrics is gaining notice among researchers and students as a necessary complement to molecular studies in the understanding and maintenance of biodiversity. This is the first reference to meet that growing need.

Phanerozoic Phosphorite Depositional Systems

A Dynamic Model for a Sedimentary Resource System
Author: Jörg Trappe
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540696040
Category: Science
Page: 323
View: 3436
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The book presents a new and comprehensive model for the development of phosphate sediments. Starting with geochemistry and including new methods in sedimentology (sequence stratigraphy), it results in an interdisciplinary approach to a resource system covering all fields of phosphate geology. For researchers, teachers and students alike the book offers a complete overview of the whole field including case studies of major deposits.

The Good Earth: Introduction to Earth Science


Author: Catherine Knight,Lisa E. Park,Katharine Owens,David Steer, Ph.D.,David A McConnell
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 9780078022883
Category: Science
Page: 560
View: 2017
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The Good Earth is the product of collaboration between the content rigor provided by Earth Science specialists and the results of research on learning. The Good Earth has been explicitly designed to be compatible with active learning teaching strategies in the college classroom. The structural elements of this text will allow the instructor to incorporate these student-centered teaching methods into their Earth Science course. The authors have tested the book’s content and pedagogy in large Earth Science classes for non-majors that are populated with mostly freshmen. Their experiences show that the materials and methods in The Good Earth can improve students’ learning, increase daily attendance, reduce attrition, and increase students’ enthusiasm in comparison with classes taught following a traditional lecture format. The authors have chosen to emphasize three scientific themes throughout the text: i) scientific literacy; ii) Earth Science and the human experience; and, iii) the science of global change. The discussion of scientific methods is woven into the text throughout. They have included numerous examples of human interaction with the Earth that can serve as entry points for students to appreciate the nature of science. Global change is a theme that is evident in much current Earth Science research so our authors have used global change as a content theme throughout the book.

Metallogeny of Tin


Author: Bernd Lehmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540471537
Category: Science
Page: 212
View: 1275
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Metallogeny of Tin attempts to develop a general metallogenic model for tin in identifying the essential or relevant processes in tin ore formation. The methodological principle is based on an interplay between a background of basic petrogenetic concepts and a number of specific local and regional data on tin deposits and tin provinces. The author condenses the many apparently specific complexities encountered in individual ore deposits to a few major processes of general importance.

Global Tectonics


Author: Philip Kearey,Keith A. Klepeis,Frederick J. Vine
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118688082
Category: Science
Page: 496
View: 443
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The third edition of this widely acclaimed textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of global tectonics, and includes major revisions to reflect the most significant recent advances in the field. A fully revised third edition of this highly acclaimed text written by eminent authors including one of the pioneers of plate tectonic theory Major revisions to this new edition reflect the most significant recent advances in the field, including new and expanded chapters on Precambrian tectonics and the supercontinent cycle and the implications of plate tectonics for environmental change Combines a historical approach with process science to provide a careful balance between geological and geophysical material in both continental and oceanic regimes Dedicated website available at www.blackwellpublishing.com/kearey/

Predation in Organisms

A Distinct Phenomenon
Author: Ashraf M.T. Elewa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540460462
Category: Science
Page: 311
View: 9081
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Predation is considered one of the distinct phenomena related to the interrelationships between species on the Earth. In general, predation is widespread not only in wildlife but also in marine environments where big fishes eat small fishes and other organisms of the sea. This book considers predation in organisms and is aimed at the prevention of predation in wildlife and marine environments.

Textbook of Environmental Studies for Undergraduate Courses


Author: Erach Bharucha
Publisher: Universities Press
ISBN: 9788173715402
Category: Conservation of natural resources
Page: 289
View: 9331
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The Importance Of Environmental Studies Cannot Be Disputed Since The Need For Sustainable Development Is A Key To The Future Of Mankind. Recognising This, The Honourable Supreme Court Of India Directed The Ugc To Introduce A Basic Course On Environmental Education For Undergraduate Courses In All Disciplines, To Be Implemented By Every University In The Country. Accordingly, The Ugc Constituted An Expert Committee To Formulate A Six-Month Core Module Syllabus For Environmental Studies. This Textbook Is The Outcome Of The Ugc S Efforts And Has Been Prepared As Per The Syllabus. It Is Designed To Bring About An Awareness On A Variety Of Environmental Concerns. It Attempts To Create A Pro-Environmental Attitude And A Behavioural Pattern In Society That Is Based On Creating Sustainable Lifestyles And A New Ethic Towards Conservation. This Textbook Stresses On A Balanced View Of Issues That Affect Our Daily Lives. These Issues Are Related To The Conflict Between Existing `Development Strategies And The Need For `Conservation . It Not Only Makes The Student Better Informed On These Concerns, But Is Expected To Lead The Student Towards Positive Action To Improve The Environment. Based On A Multidisciplinary Approach That Brings About An Appreciation Of The Natural World And Human Impact On Its Integrity, This Textbook Seeks Practical Answers To Make Human Civilization Sustainable On The Earth S Finite Resources. Attractively Priced At Rupees One Hundred And Fifteen Only, This Textbook Covers The Syllabus As Structured By The Ugc, Divided Into 8 Units And 50 Lectures. The First 7 Units, Which Cover 45 Lectures Are Classroom Teaching-Based, And Enhance Knowledge Skills And Attitude To Environment. Unit 8 Is Based On Field Activities To Be Covered In 5 Lecture Hours And Would Provide Students With First Hand Knowledge On Various Local Environmental Issues.

Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists

A Primer
Author: Miriam Leah Zelditch,Donald L. Swiderski,H. David Sheets
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123869048
Category: Mathematics
Page: 488
View: 4192
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The first edition of Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists has been the primary resource for teaching modern geometric methods of shape analysis to biologists who have a stronger background in biology than in multivariate statistics and matrix algebra. These geometric methods are appealing to biologists who approach the study of shape from a variety of perspectives, from clinical to evolutionary, because they incorporate the geometry of organisms throughout the data analysis. The second edition of this book retains the emphasis on accessible explanations, and the copious illustrations and examples of the first, updating the treatment of both theory and practice. The second edition represents the current state-of-the-art and adds new examples and summarizes recent literature, as well as provides an overview of new software and step-by-step guidance through details of carrying out the analyses. Contains updated coverage of methods, especially for sampling complex curves and 3D forms and a new chapter on applications of geometric morphometrics to forensics Offers a reorganization of chapters to streamline learning basic concepts Presents detailed instructions for conducting analyses with freely available, easy to use software Provides numerous illustrations, including graphical presentations of important theoretical concepts and demonstrations of alternative approaches to presenting results

Climate and Water

Transboundary Challenges in the Americas
Author: Henry F. Diaz,B.J. Morehouse
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401512507
Category: Science
Page: 402
View: 450
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Climate and Water: Transboundary Challenges in the Americas explores some of the ways that climate, hydrology, and water resource management converge at the borders between jurisdictions and countries in the western Hemisphere. This book is unique in focusing on case studies of climate-hydrology-water resource management in diverse contexts in South, Central, and North America. This book is singular in highlighting important problems arising from the very existence of boundaries drawn and defined by society. Addressing such problems takes on increasing urgency as the world becomes ever more inter connected and interdependent. Target groups for this book include water resource managers and decision makers at levels from the international to the local; scientists involved in interdisciplinary studies of basic and applied climatology, hydrology, and environmental studies; and readers specializing in institutional analyses, including transboundary water law, policy analysis, and risk assessment. This book is also a useful text for college classes addressing natural resources management in general, and the transfer of scientific knowledge to society.

Contributions to Morphometrics


Author: Leslie Floyd Marcus,Elisa Bello,Antonio García-Valdecasas
Publisher: Editorial CSIC - CSIC Press
ISBN: 9788400073534
Category: Education
Page: 264
View: 9995
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Basics of Environmental Science


Author: Michael Allaby
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134616813
Category: Science
Page: 344
View: 7398
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The new edition of this popular student text offers an engaging introduction to environmental study. It covers the entire breadth of the environmental sciences, providing concise, non-technical explanations of physical processes and systems and the effects of human activities. In this second edition the scientific background to major environmental issues is clearly explained. These include: * global warming * genetically modified foods * desertification * acid rain * deforestation * human population growth * depleting resources * nuclear power generation * descriptions of the 10 major biomes. Special student text features include illustrations and explanatory diagrams, boxed case studies, concepts and definitions.

Environmental Science


Author: Daniel D. Chiras,Director the Evergreen Institute Center for Green Building and Renewable Energy Daniel D Chiras, Ph.D.
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1284057062
Category: Science
Page: 672
View: 1210
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Each new print copy includes Navigate 2 Advantage Access that unlocks a comprehensive and interactive eBook, student practice activities and assessments, a full suite of instructor resources, and learning analytics reporting tools.Designed for the undergraduate, introductory environmental science course, the thoroughly updated and redesigned tenth edition of Environmental Science continues to present a comprehensive, student-friendly introduction to contemporary environmental issues with an emphasis on sustainable solutions that meet social, economic, and environmental goals. This acclaimed book is the only text that explores the underlying causes of environmental problems and root-level solutions and presents both sides of many critical issues. Thought-provoking features throughout, including Critical Thinking Exercises, Key Concept and Spotlight on Sustainability boxes, Go Green tips, and Point/Counterpoint debates, along with the updated statistics and data of key issues, encourage readers to become much deeper and more critical thinkers.Current and highly relevant, the Tenth Edition discusses the challenges of the growing human population and resource depletion and solutions that address these issues in a sustainable manner. The book also discusses nonrenewable and renewable energy options and their pros and cons, and provides expanded coverage of local, regional, national, and global environmental issues and sustainable solutions. This comprehensive text includes updated coverage of environmental economics, ecology, and the application of science and technology to environmental concerns. With a strong focus on sustainability and critical thinking, a topic the author introduced to the environmental science market, Environmental Science, Tenth Edition is an essential resource for students to understand the impact they have on the environment and ways that they can help solve them.With Navigate 2, technology and content combine to expand the reach of your classroom. Whether you teach an online, hybrid, or traditional classroom-based course, Navigate 2 delivers unbeatable value. Experience Navigate 2 today at www.jblnavigate.com/2

Introduction to Environmental Studies


Author: Jonathan Turk
Publisher: Saunders College Pub
ISBN: 9780030236990
Category: Social Science
Page: 392
View: 1822
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Lithics

Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis
Author: William Andrefsky, Jr
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139448196
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 9413
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This book is a fully updated and revised edition of William Andrefsky Jr's ground-breaking manual on lithic analysis. Designed for students and professional archaeologists, this highly illustrated book explains the fundamental principles of the measurement, recording and analysis of stone tools and stone tool production debris. Introducing the reader to lithic raw materials, classification, terminology and key concepts, it comprehensively explores methods and techniques, presenting detailed case studies of lithic analysis from around the world. It examines new emerging techniques, such as the advances being made in lithic debitage analysis and lithic tool analysis, and includes a new section on stone tool functional studies. An extensive and expanded glossary makes this book an invaluable reference for archaeologists at all levels.

Living in the Environment: Principles, Connections, and Solutions


Author: G. Tyler Miller,Scott Spoolman
Publisher: Nelson Education
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 800
View: 3906
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Three principles of sustainability, solar energy, chemical cycling, and biodiversity, can guide us in making a shift to a more sustainable society. Five major subthemes - natural capital, natural capital degradation, solutions, trade-offs, and the fact that individuals matter - guide the way to sustainability. This book looks at these subthemes and builds on the knowledge you learn by providing core case studies.