Multinational Corporations and Organization Theory

Post Millennium Perspectives
Author: Christoph Dörrenbächer,Mike Geppert
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1786353857
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 528
View: 1765
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This volume covers a range of on-going and newly emerging debates in the study of multinational companies (MNCs). A key aim is to consolidate and make available in one place new conceptual, methodological and critical MNC research.

Multinational Corporations and Organization Theory

Post Millennium Perspectives
Author: Christoph Dörrenbächer,Mike Geppert
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787143120
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 528
View: 1837
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This volume covers a range of on-going and newly emerging debates in the study of multinational companies (MNCs). A key aim is to consolidate and make available in one place new conceptual, methodological and critical MNC research.

Organizing America

Wealth, Power, and the Origins of Corporate Capitalism
Author: Charles Perrow
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400825080
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 1439
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American society today is shaped not nearly as much by vast open spaces as it is by vast, bureaucratic organizations. Over half the working population toils away at enterprises with 500 or more employees--up from zero percent in 1800. Is this institutional immensity the logical outcome of technological forces in an all-efficient market, as some have argued? In this book, the first organizational history of nineteenth-century America, Yale sociologist Charles Perrow says no. He shows that there was nothing inevitable about the surge in corporate size and power by century's end. Critics railed against the nationalizing of the economy, against corporations' monopoly powers, political subversion, environmental destruction, and "wage slavery." How did a nation committed to individual freedom, family firms, public goods, and decentralized power become transformed in one century? Bountiful resources, a mass market, and the industrial revolution gave entrepreneurs broad scope. In Europe, the state and the church kept private organizations small and required consideration of the public good. In America, the courts and business-steeped legislators removed regulatory constraints over the century, centralizing industry and privatizing the railroads. Despite resistance, the corporate form became the model for the next century. Bureaucratic structure spread to government and the nonprofits. Writing in the tradition of Max Weber, Perrow concludes that the driving force of our history is not technology, politics, or culture, but large, bureaucratic organizations. Perrow, the author of award-winning books on organizations, employs his witty, trenchant, and graceful style here to maximum effect. Colorful vignettes abound: today's headlines echo past battles for unchecked organizational freedom; socially responsible alternatives that were tried are explored along with the historical contingencies that sent us down one road rather than another. No other book takes the role of organizations in America's development as seriously. The resultant insights presage a new historical genre.

Internet and Society

Social Theory in the Information Age
Author: Christian Fuchs
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135898820
Category: Computers
Page: 816
View: 1146
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In this exceptional study, Christian Fuchs discusses how the internet has transformed the lives of human beings and social relationships in contemporary society. By outlining a social theory of the internet and the information society, he demonstrates how the ecological, economic, political, and cultural systems of contemporary society have been transformed by new ICTs. Fuchs highlights how new forms of cooperation and competition are advanced and supported by the internet in subsystems of society and also discusses opportunities and risks of the information society.

Hybrid Organizations and the Third Sector

Challenges for Practice, Theory and Policy
Author: David Billis
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 0230364403
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 9227
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Welfare has always been provided by 'public', 'voluntary' and 'private' sector organizations. But do these terms have any meaning in a contemporary welfare landscape where organizations can possess significant characteristics of more than one sector? Is this hybridity now eroding the unique qualities of the different sectors? This book explores these questions, and more, through the lens of a new theory of hybrid organizations – tested and developed in the context of a range of case studies. In detail, it: ■ Develops the first theory of hybrid organizations to discuss the future of the third sector ■ Presents an original analysis of the consequences of hybridity ■ Provides readers with useable ideas to address practical issues of accountability and change Hybrid Organizations and the Third Sector offers an agenda-setting analysis for all those interested in the future of the third sector, the rise of hybridity in the public sector and the study of organizations.

Cultures and Organizations: Software for the Mind


Author: Geert Hofstede,Gert Jan Hofstede
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071505687
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 300
View: 4745
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The landmark study of cultural differences across 70 nations, Cultures and Organizations helps readers look at how they think—and how they fail to think—as members of groups. Based on decades of painstaking field research, this new edition features the latest scientific results published in Geert Hofstede’s scholarly work Culture’s Consequences, Second Edition. Original in thought and profoundly important, Cultures and Organizations offers vital knowledge and insight on issues that will shape the future of cultures and nations in a globalized world.

Palgrave Handbook of Inter-Organizational Relations in World Politics


Author: Rafael Biermann,Joachim A. Koops
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137360399
Category: Political Science
Page: 708
View: 4061
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This unique handbook brings together a team of leading scholars and practitioners in order to map, synthesize and assess key perspectives on cooperation and rivalry between regional and global organizations in world politics. For the first time, a variety of inter-disciplinary theoretical and conceptual perspectives are combined in order to assess the nature, processes and outcomes of inter-organizational partnerships and rivalries across major policy areas, such as peace and security, human rights and democratisation as well as finance, development and climate change . This text provides scholars, students and policy-makers of International Relations with an exhaustive reference book for understanding the theoretical and empirical dimensions of an increasingly important topic in International Relations (IR), Global Governance and related disciplines.

The Social Construction of Reality

A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge
Author: Peter L. Berger,Thomas Luckmann
Publisher: Open Road Media
ISBN: 1453215468
Category: Social Science
Page: 219
View: 5218
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The classic work that redefined the sociology of knowledge and has inspired a generation of philosophers and thinkers In this seminal book, Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann examine how knowledge forms and how it is preserved and altered within a society. Unlike earlier theorists and philosophers, Berger and Luckmann go beyond intellectual history and focus on commonsense, everyday knowledge—the proverbs, morals, values, and beliefs shared among ordinary people. When first published in 1966, this systematic, theoretical treatise introduced the term social construction,effectively creating a new thought and transforming Western philosophy.

Language in International Business

The Multilingual Reality of Global Business Expansion
Author: Rebecca Piekkari,Denice Welch,Lawrence S. Welch
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1784710997
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 272
View: 8125
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Responding to the growing interest in the role of language in international business, this book presents language as a critical management challenge for the internationalizing firm. Several perspectives are explored, including the individual, the firm

The Foundations and Future of Financial Regulation

Governance for Responsibility
Author: Mads Andenas,Iris H-Y Chiu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113504337X
Category: Law
Page: 544
View: 547
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Financial regulation has entered into a new era, as many foundational economic theories and policies supporting the existing infrastructure have been and are being questioned following the financial crisis. Goodhart et al’s seminal monograph "Financial Regulation: Why, How and Where Now?" (Routledge:1998) took stock of the extent of financial innovation and the maturity of the financial services industry at that time, and mapped out a new regulatory roadmap. This book offers a timely exploration of the "Why, How and Where Now" of financial regulation in the aftermath of the crisis in order to map out the future trajectory of financial regulation in an age where financial stability is being emphasised as a key regulatory objective. The book is split into four sections: the objectives and regulatory landscape of financial regulation; the regulatory regime for investor protection; the regulatory regime for financial institutional safety and soundness; and macro-prudential regulation. The discussion ranges from theoretical and policy perspectives to comprehensive and critical consideration of financial regulation in the specifics. The focus of the book is on the substantive regulation of the UK and the EU, as critical examination is made of the unravelling and the future of financial regulation with comparative insights offered where relevant especially from the US. Running throughout the book is consideration of the relationship between financial regulation, financial stability and the responsibility of various actors in governance. This book offers an important contribution to continuing reflections on the role of financial regulation, market discipline and corporate responsibility in the financial sector, and upon the roles of regulatory authorities, markets and firms in ensuring the financial health and security of all in the future.

Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church


Author: N.A
Publisher: Veritas Co. Ltd.
ISBN: 1853908398
Category: Christian sociology
Page: 494
View: 6512
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The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Psychology


Author: Susan Cartwright,Cary L. Cooper
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199234736
Category: Psychology
Page: 654
View: 4457
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The field of Personnel Psychology is broadly concerned with the study of individual differences and their consequences for the organization. As human resource costs continue, for most organizations, to be the single largest operating cost (50-80% of annual expenditure), achieving optimal performance from individual employees is of paramount importance to the sustained development and financial performance of any organization. The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Psychology brings together contributions from leading international scholars within the field to present state-of-the-art reviews on topical and emergent issues, constructs, and research in personnel psychology. The book is divided into six sections: - Individual Difference and Work Performance - Personnel Selection - Methodological Issues - Training and Development - Policies and Practices - Future Challenges While the Handbook is primarily a review of current academic thinking and research in the area, the contributors keep a strong focus on the lessons for HR practitioners, and what lessons they can take from the cutting-edge work presented. About the Series Oxford Handbooks in Business & Management bring together the world's leading scholars on the subject to discuss current research and the latest thinking in a range of interrelated topics including Strategy, Organizational Behavior, Public Management, International Business, and many others. Containing completely new essays with extensive referencing to further reading and key ideas, the volumes, in hardback or paperback, serve as both a thorough introduction to a topic and a useful desk reference for scholars and advanced students alike.

Organization Theory and the Multinational Corporation


Author: Courtney Young,Sumantra Ghoshal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349225576
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 358
View: 734
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Despite a shared interest in the analysis of complex organizations operating in complex environments, macro-organization theory and research on the multinational corporation have developed quite independently of each other. This book, the product of a collaborative endeavour by scholars from both fields, represents the first systematic effort to build a broad bridge between these two areas of research.

Contesting the Corporation

Struggle, Power and Resistance in Organizations
Author: Peter Fleming,André Spicer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107320968
Category: Business & Economics
Page: N.A
View: 3462
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In an age when large corporations dominate the economic and political landscape, it is tempting to think that their power goes largely unchecked. Originally published in 2007, Contesting the Corporation counters this view by showing that today's corporations are driven by political struggle, power plays and attempts to resist control. Building on a wide range of theoretical sources, Fleming and Spicer present an analysis of the different ways in which power operates within the modern workplace. They begin by building a theoretical perspective that synthesizes previous investigations of power and resistance, identifying struggle as a key concept. Each chapter illustrates a different dimension of workplace struggle through an array of original empirical studies relating to sexuality, cynicism, new social movements and new-wave trade unionism. The book concludes by demonstrating that social justice claims underlie even the most innocuous forms of resistance, helping to transform some of the largest modern corporations.

Justification, Evaluation and Critique in the Study of Organizations

Contributions from French Pragmatist Sociology
Author: Charlotte Cloutier,Bernard Leca,Jean-Pascal Gond
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787143805
Category: Evaluation
Page: 403
View: 4055
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From a sociological perspective, it is generally assumed that actors in society will engage in collective action in order to meet their individual needs and interests. As initially argued by Bourdieu, but also by institutional theorists (Scott, 1995 ; Zucker, 1987), much of this engagement will be tacit and taken for granted. Although scholars stemming from a critical perspective highlight the hegemony of these explanations of coordinated action (Alvesson & Willmott, 2002 ; Willmott, 1993), they say little about the capacity of ordinary actors to mobilize their critical competencies in order to resist such hegemony. If one works from the premise that organizational actors dispose of critical competencies, how do they mobilize these in practice and what implications does this mobilization have on our understanding of coordination and organizational processes more broadly ? This is one of the central questions posed by Boltanski and Thévenot when they embarked on the writing of On Justification (1991, 2006), considered by some to be the most important sociological treatise in post-Bourdieu French sociology (Baert & Carreira da Silva, 2010, p. 43). The articles in this volume explore how mobilizing Boltanski and Thévenot's economies of worth framework, and its associated concepts of justification, evaluation, and critique, help address questions regarding the premises and dynamics of coordinated action, both within and across organizations, and by so doing help advance our understanding of organizational processes more generally.

The Interpretation of Cultures


Author: Clifford Geertz
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465093566
Category: Social Science
Page: 576
View: 3820
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In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

Politics and Power in the Multinational Corporation

The Role of Institutions, Interests and Identities
Author: Christoph Dörrenbächer,Mike Geppert
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139500015
Category: Business & Economics
Page: N.A
View: 4354
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This book was first published in 2011. The current financial and economic crisis has negatively underlined the vital role of multinational companies (MNCs) in our daily lives. The breakdown and crisis of flagship MNCs, such as Enron, WorldCom, Lehman Brothers, Toyota and General Motors, does not merely reveal the problems of corporate malfeasance and market dysfunction. It also raises important questions, both for the public and the academic community, about the use and misuse of power by MNCs in the wider society, as well as the exercise of power by key actors within internationally operating firms. This book examines how issues of power and politics affect MNCs at three different levels; the macro-level, the meso-level and the micro-level. This wide-ranging analysis shows not only that power matters but also how and why it matters, pointing to the political interactions of key power holders and actors within the MNC, both managers and employees.

Innovative Business Practices

Prevailing a Turbulent Era
Author: Demetris Vrontis,Alkis Thrassou
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443849936
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 403
View: 6706
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This second decade of the millennium finds the world changing at a once unimaginable pace. Businesses, tangled in the interwoven threads of galloping globalization, technological advances, cultural diversity, economic recession and deep-rooted human social evolution, struggle to keep up with incessant changes; consequently and inexorably experiencing severe difficulties and disorientation. Executives, much bewildered, habitually turn to conventional, time-honoured strategies and practices, which increasingly fail to offer the much-sought answers and means to survival, competitiveness and growth. We are currently experiencing a business era of turbulence and dynamic change – an era that inherently rejects conventionality and orthodox business theory to reward businesses embracing agility, reflex-style adaptability, innovation and creativity. This turbulence is, however, not a parenthesis or even a pattern, but the new reality in which each business must reinvent and redefine itself. This is a new reality of stakeholders that shift focus from the external to the internal, from the tangible to the intangible, and from fact to perception. This book presents research and paradigms that transcend classical theory in order to examine how business practice is positively affected by these conditions. Across a multitude of sectors and organisational types, scholars of different business specialisations set the theoretical foundations of contemporary thinking and present their practical implementations.

Gender, Sexuality and Violence in Organizations

The Unspoken Forces of Organization Violations
Author: Jeff Hearn,Wendy Parkin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446228592
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 224
View: 4774
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`This exceptionally interesting study provides an up-to-date and integrated perspective on organizations, violence, gender and sexuality. It pays particular attention to the power wielded by hierarchies of heterosexual men, and the ways in which this produces violence in different, carefully analyzed forms. This book is a major contribution to the construction of sociological and political knowledge that is not founded on the dominant definitions of heterosexual masculinities' - Professor Terrell Carver, University of Bristol `This is a wide-ranging and authoritative book. The authors draw attention to the huge amount of evidence now available that documents the gendering and sexualising processes at the core of organisational life. While they never nag about violation and inequality, they are nonetheless relentless in confronting the reader with the weight of evidence'- Professor Rosemary Pringle, University of Southampton This book brings together the themes of gender, sexuality, violence and organizations. The authors synthesize the literature and research which has been done in these fields and provide a coherent framework for understanding the interrelationship between these concepts. The importance of violence and abuse, and particularly men's violence to women, children and other men has been well established, especially through feminist and some pro-feminist research. The insights of this scholarship have rarely been applied to organizational analysis. The authors draw on this literature and their own research, as well as relevant literatures on safety and risk at work; anxiety and stress at work; organizational policies on violence; sexual harassment and bullying in organizations; and male sexuality, to provide valuable information on violence in and around organizations. Gender, Sexuality and Violence in Organizations breaks new ground in organization studies and will be essential reading for academics and students in both organization studies and all those studying issues of gender and sexuality in organizations.

A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education

Enhancing academic practice
Author: Heather Fry,Steve Ketteridge,Stephanie Marshall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317650220
Category: Education
Page: 452
View: 1894
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This entirely new edition of a very successful book focuses on developing professional academic skills for supporting and supervising student learning and effective teaching. It is built on the premise that the roles of those who teach in higher education are complex and multi-faceted. A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education is sensitive to the competing demands of teaching, research, scholarship, and academic management. The new edition reflects and responds to the rapidly changing context of higher education and to current understanding of how to best support student learning. Drawing together a large number of expert authors, it continues to feature extensive use of case studies that show how successful teachers have implemented these ideas. It includes key topics such as student engagement and motivation, internationalisation, employability, inclusive strategies for teaching, effective use of technology and issues relating to postgraduate students and student retention. Part 1 explores a number of aspects of the context of UK higher education that affect the education of students, looking at the drivers of institutional behaviours and how to achieve success as a university teacher. Part 2 examines learning, teaching and supervising in higher education and includes chapters on working with diversity, encouraging independent learning and learning gain. Part 3 considers approaches to teaching and learning in different disciplines, covering a full range including arts and humanities, social sciences, experimental sciences through to medicine and dentistry. Written to support the excellence in teaching and learning design required to bring about student learning of the highest quality, this will be essential reading for all new lecturers, particularly anyone taking an accredited course in teaching and learning in higher education, as well as those experienced lecturers who wish to improve their teaching practice. Those working in adult learning and educational development will also find the book to be a particularly useful resource. In addition it will appeal to staff who support learning and teaching in various other roles.