Muslim Families, Politics and the Law

A Legal Industry in Multicultural Britain
Author: Ralph Grillo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317091159
Category: Law
Page: 360
View: 3958
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Contemporary European societies are multi-ethnic and multi-cultural, certainly in terms of the diversity which has stemmed from the immigration of workers and refugees and their settlement. Currently, however, there is widespread, often acrimonious, debate about ’other’ cultural and religious beliefs and practices and limits to their accommodation. This book focuses principally on Muslim families and on the way in which gender relations and associated questions of (women’s) agency, consent and autonomy, have become the focus of political and social commentary, with followers of the religion under constant public scrutiny and criticism. Practices concerning marriage and divorce are especially controversial and the book includes a detailed overview of the public debate about the application of Islamic legal and ethical norms (shari’a) in family law matters, and the associated role of Shari’a councils, in a British context. In short, Islam generally and the Muslim family in particular have become highly politicized sites of contestation, and the book considers how and why and with what implications for British multiculturalism, past, present and future. The study will be of great interest to international scholars and academics researching the governance of diversity and the accommodation of other faiths including Islam.

Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures

Family, Law and Politics
Author: Suad Joseph,Afsāna Naǧmābādī
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004128182
Category: Social Science
Page: 837
View: 3069
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Family, Law and Politics, Volume II of the Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, brings together over 360 entries on women, family, law, politics, and Islamic cultures around the world.

Governance of Diversity

Zum Umgang mit kultureller und religiöser Pluralität in säkularen Gesellschaften
Author: Gunnar Folke Schuppert
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 359350801X
Category: Political Science
Page: 279
View: 1256
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Moderne Gesellschaften sind durch einen hohen Grad kultureller und religiöser Pluralität gekennzeichnet. Globalisierung und transnationale Migration steigern diese Vielfalt noch. Man kann daher heute den Umgang mit kulturellen und religiösen Minderheiten als das zentrale Governance-Problem säkularer Gesellschaften bezeichnen. Dieses Buch zeigt auf, welche Strategien für einen säkularen Verfassungsstaat dafür in Betracht kommen und welche Teile der Religionsverfassung einer pluralistischen Gesellschaft unverzichtbar sind.

Islam, Gender, & Social Change


Author: Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad,John L. Esposito
Publisher: Meridian
ISBN: 0195113578
Category: Religion
Page: 259
View: 8886
DOWNLOAD NOW »
For several decades, the Muslim world has experienced a religious resurgence. The reassertion of Islam in personal and political life has taken many forms, from greater attention to religious practice to the emergence of Islamic organizations, movements, and institutions. One of the most controversial and emotionally charged aspects of this revival has been its effect on women in Muslim societies. The essays collected in this book place this issue in its historical context and offer case studies of Muslim societies from North Africa to Southeast Asia. These fascinating studies shed light on the impact of the Islamic resurgence on gender issues in Iran, Egypt, Jordan, Pakistan, Oman, Bahrain, the Philippines, and Kuwait. Taken together, the essays reveal the wide variety that exists among Muslim societies and believers, and the complexity of the issues under consideration. They show that new things are happening for women across the Islamic world, and are in many cases being initiated by women themselves. The volume as a whole militates against the stereotype of Muslim women as repressed, passive, and without initiative, while acknowledging the very real obstacles to women's initiatives in most of these societies.

Casting Out

The Eviction of Muslims from Western Law and Politics
Author: Sherene Razack
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442691867
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 1935
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Three stereotypical figures have come to represent the 'war on terror' - the 'dangerous' Muslim man, the 'imperilled' Muslim woman, and the 'civilized' European. Casting Out explores the use of these characterizations in the creation of the myth of the family of democratic Western nations obliged to use political, military, and legal force to defend itself against a menacing third world population. It argues that this myth is promoted to justify the expulsion of Muslims from the political community, a process that takes the form of stigmatization, surveillance, incarceration, torture, and bombing. In this timely and controversial work, Sherene H. Razack looks at contemporary legal and social responses to Muslims in the West and places them in historical context. She explains how 'race thinking,' a structure of thought that divides up the world between the deserving and undeserving according to racial descent, accustoms us to the idea that the suspension of rights for racialized groups is warranted in the interests of national security. She discusses many examples of the institution and implementation of exclusionary and coercive practices, including the mistreatment of security detainees, the regulation of Muslim populations in the name of protecting Muslim women, and prisoner abuse at Abu Ghraib. She explores how the denial of a common bond between European people and those of different origins has given rise to the proliferation of literal and figurative 'camps,' places or bodies where liberties are suspended and the rule of law does not apply. Combining rich theoretical perspectives and extensive research, Casting Out makes a major contribution to contemporary debates on race and the 'war on terror' and their implications in areas such as law, politics, cultural studies, feminist and gender studies, and race relations.

Debating Sharia

Islam, Gender Politics, and Family Law Arbitration
Author: Anna Korteweg,Jennifer Selby
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442694424
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 9647
DOWNLOAD NOW »
When the Islamic Institute of Civil Justice announced it would begin offering Sharia-based services in Ontario, a subsequent provincial government review gave qualified support for religious arbitration. However, the ensuing debate inflamed the passions of a wide range of Muslim and non-Muslim groups, garnered worldwide attention, and led to a ban on religiously based family law arbitration in the province. Debating Sharia sheds light on how Ontario's Sharia debate of 2003-2006 exemplified contemporary concerns regarding religiosity in the public sphere and the place of Islam in Western nation states. Focusing on the legal ramifications of Sharia law in the context of rapidly changing Western liberal democracies, Debating Sharia approaches the issue from a variety of methodological perspectives, including policy and media analysis, fieldwork, feminist examinations of the portrayals of Muslim women, and theoretical examinations of religion, Sharia, and the law. This volume is an important read for those who grapple with ethnic and religio-cultural diversity while remaining committed to religious freedom and women's equality.

Law and Power in the Islamic World


Author: Sami Zubaida
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781850439349
Category: History
Page: 248
View: 9812
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Islamic law (the Shari'a) and its application is a central issue in contemporary Islamic politics and culture. Starting from modern concerns, this book examines the origins and evolution of the Shari'a and the corpus of texts, concepts and practices in which it has been enshrined. The central paradox in this history is one of power: the Shari'a is jurist's law, theoretically derived from sacred sources, yet dependent for its institution and application on rulers, with their own agendas and priorities. Sami Zubaida here considers key historical episodes of political accommodations and contests.

Family Law in Islam

Divorce, Marriage and Women in the Muslim World
Author: Maaike Voorhoeve
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 184885742X
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 1460
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The authors address the topic of family law in the Middle East and North Africa from different angles. It has been viewed from a geographical and disciplinary level. Next to this, different topics of family law are addressed. These are arguments on the law (discussed by public, political and religious debates) and arguments of the law (described by examining the practices of judges, lawyers and litigants.

Islamic Family Law


Author: Chibli Mallat,Jane Frances Connors
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9781853333019
Category: Architecture
Page: 395
View: 3162
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Artikler om praktisering af islamisk familieret i Mellemøsten, Europa, Syd- og Sydøstasien samt Kina.

Religion, the Secular, and the Politics of Sexual Difference


Author: Linell E. Cady,Tracy Fessenden
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231536046
Category: Religion
Page: 344
View: 4985
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Global struggles over women's roles, rights, and dress increasingly cast the secular and the religious in tense if not violent opposition. When advocates for equality speak in terms of rights and modern progress, or reactionaries ground their authority in religious and scriptural appeals, both tend to presume women's emancipation is ineluctably tied to secularization. Religion, the Secular, and the Politics of Sexual Difference upsets this certainty by drawing on diverse voices and traditions in studies that historicize, question, and test the implicit links between secularism and expanded freedoms for women. Rather than position secularism as the answer to conflicts over gender and sexuality, this volume shows both religion and the secular collaborate in creating the conditions that generate them.

Women in Muslim Family Law


Author: John L. Esposito,Professor of Religion and International Affairs Founding Director of the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding John L Esposito,Natana J. DeLong-Bas,Natana DeLong-Bas
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815629085
Category: Law
Page: 195
View: 7312
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An exploration of family law as it pertains to women with regard to marriage, divorce and inheritance in the Middle East. This second edition is revised to expand and update coverage of family law reforms that have taken place throughout the Middle East, North Africa, and South and Southeast Asia. It focuses on the historical and legal context for reform, and the methodology and extent of contemporary legal trends, particularly in Egypt and Pakistan.

Law and Anthropology: International Yearbook for Legal Anthropology


Author: René Kuppe,Richard Potz
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9780792331421
Category: Law
Page: 416
View: 2313
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Volume 7 of "Law and Anthropology" brings together a collection of studies that discuss legal problems raised by cultural differences between people and the law to which they are subject. This volume developed from the idea that it can be useful to consider current discussions in various legal systems facing issues of cultural difference that cannot be regarded as legal problems related to indigenous societies alone. The book focuses on contradiction between national law and complex and diverse kinship structures, which are essential for the cultural identity of both indigenous groups and cultural minorities. The social construction of gender relations and gender conflicts is an important theme in many essays. Some of the essays examine the area of conflict between cultural practices and universal human rights standards. The demand for cultural rights may collide with human rights standards, especially with the principles of gender equality. This volume will be of great interest to academics and to all those with practical involvement in the field of cultural pluralism. Previously published by VWGO Verlag in Austria, "Law and Anthropology" will be published and distributed by Martinus Nijhoff Publishers from Volume 7 onwards.

Muslim Women and the Politics of Participation

Implementing the Beijing Platform
Author: Mahnaz Afkhami,Erika Friedl
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815627593
Category: History
Page: 198
View: 1298
DOWNLOAD NOW »
At the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, the international community accepted women's rights as human rights, and with it the charge to work toward the full integration of women in the affairs of their respective nations. Muslim Women and the Politics of Participation is about ways of promoting women's participation in the affairs of Muslim societies: from raising consciousness and changing codes of law to penetrating the economic markets and influencing national and international policies. Editors Mahnaz Afkhami and Erika Friedl challenge stereotypes about Muslim women and probe the difficulties and possibilities women face as they work for positive social change. Sixteen activists and politicians from international organizations - most from Muslim countriesdiscuss, for the first time, major issues relevant to Muslim women striving to achieve their human rights through political participation.

Muslim-Non-Muslim Marriage

Political and Cultural Contestations in Southeast Asia
Author: Gavin W. Jones,Chee Heng Leng,Maznah Mohamad
Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
ISBN: 9812308741
Category: Social Science
Page: 322
View: 1785
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"This is an excellent and rare exploration of a sensitive religious issue from many perspectives _ legal, cultural and political. The case studies from Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand portray the important and exciting, yet very difficult, negotiation of Islamic teachings in the changing realities of Southeast Asia, home to the majority of Muslims in the world. Interreligious marriage is an important indicator of good relations between communities in religiously diverse countries. This book will also be of great interest to students and scholars of religious pluralism in a Southeast Asian context, which has not been studied adequately." - Zainal Abidin Bagir, Executive Director, Center for Religious and Cross-cultural Studies (CRCS), Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia "The issue of Muslim-non-Muslim marriages has different connotations in the different Southeast Asian states. For example, in Thailand it is more a fluid cultural issue but in Malaysia it reflects great racial schisms with severe legal implications. This book is a welcome one as it examines the issue not only from the perspectives of various Southeast Asian nations but also from so many angles; the legal, historical, social, cultural, anthropological and philosophical. The work is scholarly, yet accessible. Underlying it, there is a vital streak of humanism." - Azmi Sharom, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Malaya

Gender and Equality in Muslim Family Law

Justice and Ethics in the Islamic Legal Tradition
Author: Ziba Mir-Hosseini,Kari Vogt,Lena Larsen,Christian Moe
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857721690
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 1963
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Dante is one of the towering figures of medieval European literature. Yet many riddles and questions about him persist. By re-reading Dante with an open mind, Barbara Reynolds made remarkable discoveries and unlocked previously hidden secrets about this greatest of Florentine poets. A fundamental enigma has tantalised readers of the 'Commedia' for seven centuries. Who was the leader prophesied by Virgil and Beatrice to bring peace to the world? Many attempts have been made to identify him, but none has seemed conclusive - until now. As well as proposing a solution to the famous prophecies, this lively, engaging and elegantly-written biography contains a provocative new idea in virtually every chapter. Dr Reynolds' research indicates that Dante smoked cannabis to reach new heights of creativity. That Beatrice, Dante's great love, was not who most scholars think she was. That Dante was a talented public speaker, who created a quite new form of poetic art, holding audiences spellbound. Above all, Reynolds views Dante as one of the greatest spin-doctors of Western civilization. His aim was not to preach an interesting parable about punishments for sin and rewards for virtue. It was to use poetry to change the politics of the age, and unite Europe around the secular authority of an Emperor. To promote this idea, which dominated his writings from his exile onwards, Dante combined it with a dramatic presentation of the Christian belief in Hell, Purgatory and Heaven. Vividly told in the first person, with a colour and immediacy derived from the pop art of street narrators - now made to seem respectable by its use of classical predecessors like Virgil - this extraordinary journey through the three realms was always profoundly political in intent. Dante here comes alive as never before: irate, opinionated, settling scores - a man of mutifaceted gifts and extraordinary genius, whose role as an interpreter of world history makes him more than ever relevant to the new millennium.

Women and Muslim Family Laws in Arab States

A Comparative Overview of Textual Development and Advocacy
Author: Lynn Welchman
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 905356974X
Category: Social Science
Page: 254
View: 2411
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A number of Arab states have recently either codified Muslim family law for the first time, or have issued amendments or new laws which significantly impact the statutory rights of women as wives, mothers and daughters. In Women and Muslim Family Laws in Arab States Lynn Welchman examines women's rights in Muslim family laws in Arab states across the Middle East while also surveying the public debates surrounding the issues. The author considers these new laws alongside older statutes to comment on the patterns and dynamics of change both in the texts of the laws, and in the processes through by which they are drafted and issued. She draws on original legal texts and explanatory statements as well as on extensive secondary literature particular to certain states for an insight into practice, and on; interventions by women's rights organizations and other parties to the debate in the press and in advocacy materials. The discussions are set in the contemporary global context that 'internationalises' the domestic and regional debates.The book considers laws in states from the Gulf to North Africa in regard to their approaches to issues of codification processes and issues of and of registration, capacity and guardianship in marriage, polygyny, the marital relationship, divorce and child custody. -- Publisher description.

Social and Gender Inequality in Oman

The Power of Religious and Political Tradition
Author: Khalid M. Al-Azri
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415672414
Category: Social Science
Page: 200
View: 6688
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Looking at the social, political and legal changes in Oman since 1970, this book challenges the Islamic and tribal traditional cultural norms relating to marriage, divorce and women’s rights which guide social and legal practice in the modern Omani state. The book argues that despite the establishment of legal instruments guaranteeing equality for all citizens, the fact that the state depends upon Islamic and tribal elites for its legitimacy invalidates these guarantees in practice. Two particular features of the legal and cultural regulation of marriage and marital rights are focused on - the perceived requirement for kafa’aor equality in marriage between so called high and low socio-economic status peoples is examined, and the institution of talaq, which grants greater rights to men than to women in appeals for divorce. This book addresses highly complex subjects with great rigor, in terms of empirical research and engagement with theory, sociological and political as well as theological and legal. It is an interesting investigation of the divisions of authority between the state, Islam and tribal norms, highlighting barriers to reform in both Oman and wider Islamic society, and advocating the removal of such obstacles.

Islamic Family Law in A Changing World

A Global Resource Book
Author: N.A
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781842770931
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 320
View: 439
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This is a uniquely comprehensive and up-to-date volume spanning nine regions and 38 Islamic countries around the world. More than a billion Muslims have their lives in such matters as marriage, divorce, maintenance, paternity and the custody of children governed by certain aspects of the Shari'a, commonly known as Islamic Family Law. But as the team who have put together this resource book point out, this does not mean that identical principles apply everywhere. In fact, as the socio-cultural and historical contextualisations which precede each country's legal profile make clear, the practical application of Shari'a principles is often modified by theological differences of interpretation, particular customary practices in the country concerned, and state policy and law.This volume documents the scope and actual manner of application of Islamic Family Law worldwide. Part of its purpose is the assumption that while changing social conditions - including a commitment to certain universal human rights -- make legal reform necessary, any strategy must be based first of all on the best possible factual foundations. And secondly, since Islamic Family Law has become contested ground between conservative and fundamentalist forces on the one hand and modernist and liberal trends on the other in most Islamic countries, reform must be conceived only in realistic terms and advocated in ways that motivate and empower potential supporters working in their own communities. This work is a uniquely valuable resource for lawyers, social policymakers and scholars. It is also a contribution to the historical challenge which Islamic societies confront in reforming personal and family law.

The Politics of Islamic Law

Local Elites, Colonial Authority, and the Making of the Muslim State
Author: Iza R. Hussin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022632348X
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 2017
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In The Politics of Islamic Law, Iza Hussin compares India, Malaya, and Egypt during the British colonial period in order to trace the making and transformation of the contemporary category of ‘Islamic law.’ She demonstrates that not only is Islamic law not the shari’ah, its present institutional forms, substantive content, symbolic vocabulary, and relationship to state and society—in short, its politics—are built upon foundations laid during the colonial encounter. Drawing on extensive archival work in English, Arabic, and Malay—from court records to colonial and local papers to private letters and visual material—Hussin offers a view of politics in the colonial period as an iterative series of negotiations between local and colonial powers in multiple locations. She shows how this resulted in a paradox, centralizing Islamic law at the same time that it limited its reach to family and ritual matters, and produced a transformation in the Muslim state, providing the frame within which Islam is articulated today, setting the agenda for ongoing legislation and policy, and defining the limits of change. Combining a genealogy of law with a political analysis of its institutional dynamics, this book offers an up-close look at the ways in which global transformations are realized at the local level.

Wanted

equality and justice in the Muslim family
Author: Zainah Anwar
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789832622260
Category: Law
Page: 261
View: 783
DOWNLOAD NOW »