National Security and Double Government


Author: Michael J. Glennon
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190206446
Category: Law
Page: 257
View: 2339
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Why has U.S. national security policy scarcely changed from the Bush to the Obama administration? And why does it matter? The theory of 'double government' posed by the 19th century English scholar Walter Bagehot suggests a disquieting answer. The public is encouraged to believe that the presidency, Congress, and the courts make security policy. That belief sustains these institutions' legitimacy. Yet their authority is largely illusory. National security policy is made, instead, by a 'Trumanite network' of several hundred members that is largely concealed from public view.

National Security and Double Government


Author: Michael J. Glennon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190668474
Category: Law
Page: 304
View: 7594
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Why has U.S. security policy scarcely changed from the Bush to the Obama administration? National Security and Double Government offers a disquieting answer. Michael J. Glennon challenges the myth that U.S. security policy is still forged by America's visible, "Madisonian institutions" - the President, Congress, and the courts. Their roles, he argues, have become largely illusory. Presidential control is now nominal, congressional oversight is dysfunctional, and judicial review is negligible. The book details the dramatic shift in power that has occurred from the Madisonian institutions to a concealed "Trumanite network" - the several hundred managers of the military, intelligence, diplomatic, and law enforcement agencies who are responsible for protecting the nation and who have come to operate largely immune from constitutional and electoral restraints. Reform efforts face daunting obstacles. Remedies within this new system of "double government" require the hollowed-out Madisonian institutions to exercise the very power that they lack. Meanwhile, reform initiatives from without confront the same pervasive political ignorance within the polity that has given rise to this duality. The book sounds a powerful warning about the need to resolve this dilemma-and the mortal threat posed to accountability, democracy, and personal freedom if double government persists. This paperback version features an Afterword that addresses the emerging danger posed by populist authoritarianism rejecting the notion that the security bureaucracy can or should be relied upon to block it.

National Security and Double Government


Author: Michael J. Glennon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190206462
Category: Law
Page: 257
View: 9134
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Why has U.S. security policy scarcely changed from the Bush to the Obama administration? National Security and Double Government offers a disquieting answer. Michael J. Glennon challenges the myth that U.S. security policy is still forged by America's visible, "Madisonian institutions" - the President, Congress, and the courts. Their roles, he argues, have become largely illusory. Presidential control is now nominal, congressional oversight is dysfunctional, and judicial review is negligible. The book details the dramatic shift in power that has occurred from the Madisonian institutions to a concealed "Trumanite network" - the several hundred managers of the military, intelligence, diplomatic, and law enforcement agencies who are responsible for protecting the nation and who have come to operate largely immune from constitutional and electoral restraints. Reform efforts face daunting obstacles. Remedies within this new system of "double government" require the hollowed-out Madisonian institutions to exercise the very power that they lack. Meanwhile, reform initiatives from without confront the same pervasive political ignorance within the polity that has given rise to this duality. The book sounds a powerful warning about the need to resolve this dilemma-and the mortal threat posed to accountability, democracy, and personal freedom if double government persists.

Foreign Relations and National Security Law

Cases, Materials, and Simulations
Author: Thomas M. Franck,Michael J. Glennon,Sean D. Murphy
Publisher: West Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9780314268310
Category: Law
Page: 1402
View: 2334
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This fully updated Fourth Edition of a seminal casebook contains classic cases from Foster v. Nielsen to Samantar v. Yousuf, penetrating commentary from The Federalist to Dean Harold Koh and Justice Antonin Scalia, and treatment of thought-provoking controversies, including intervention in Libya, Wikileak disclosures, the killing of Bin Laden, drone attacks on U.S. nationals, NSA wiretapping, and Guantnamo trials. Excerpts of treaties, statutes, and executive orders address the core doctrinal and theoretical issues of foreign relations law and national security law, providing ample room for professors to design a course based on those topics most suited for their classroom experience.

Foreign Affairs Federalism

The Myth of National Exclusivity
Author: Michael J. Glennon,Robert D. Sloane
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199941491
Category: Constitutional law
Page: 432
View: 3168
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Challenging the myth that the federal government exercises exclusive control over U.S. foreign-policymaking, Michael J. Glennon and Robert D. Sloane propose that we recognize the prominent role that states and cities now play in that realm. Foreign Affairs Federalism provides the first comprehensive study of the constitutional law and practice of federalism in the conduct of U.S. foreign relations. It could hardly be timelier. States and cities recently have limited greenhouse gas emissions, declared nuclear free zones and sanctuaries for undocumented immigrants, established thousands of sister-city relationships, set up informal diplomatic offices abroad, and sanctioned oppressive foreign governments. Exploring the implications of these and other initiatives, this book argues that the national interest cannot be advanced internationally by Washington alone. Glennon and Sloane examine in detail the considerable foreign affairs powers retained by the states under the Constitution and question the need for Congress or the president to step in to provide "one voice" in foreign affairs. They present concrete, realistic ways that the courts can update antiquated federalism precepts and untangle interwoven strands of international law, federal law, and state law. The result is a lucid, incisive, and up-to-date analysis of the rules that empower-and limit-states and cities abroad.

Borderless Wars


Author: Antonia Chayes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107109345
Category: Law
Page: 200
View: 9483
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This book investigates the legal implications of 'gray area' military operations in counterinsurgency, cyber warfare and the war on terror.

Transforming U.S. Intelligence


Author: Jennifer E. Sims,Burton Gerber
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 9781589014770
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 6045
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The intelligence failures exposed by the events of 9/11 and the missing weapons of mass destruction in Iraq have made one thing perfectly clear: change is needed in how the U.S. intelligence community operates. Transforming U.S. Intelligence argues that transforming intelligence requires as much a look to the future as to the past and a focus more on the art and practice of intelligence rather than on its bureaucratic arrangements. In fact, while the recent restructuring, including the creation of the Department of Homeland Security, may solve some problems, it has also created new ones. The authors of this volume agree that transforming policies and practices will be the most effective way to tackle future challenges facing the nation's security. This volume's contributors, who have served in intelligence agencies, the Departments of State or Defense, and the staffs of congressional oversight committees, bring their experience as insiders to bear in thoughtful and thought-provoking essays that address what such an overhaul of the system will require. In the first section, contributors discuss twenty-first-century security challenges and how the intelligence community can successfully defend U.S. national interests. The second section focuses on new technologies and modified policies that can increase the effectiveness of intelligence gathering and analysis. Finally, contributors consider management procedures that ensure the implementation of enhanced capabilities in practice. Transforming U.S. Intelligence supports the mandate of the new director of national intelligence by offering both careful analysis of existing strengths and weaknesses in U.S. intelligence and specific recommendations on how to fix its problems without harming its strengths. These recommendations, based on intimate knowledge of the way U.S. intelligence actually works, include suggestions for the creative mixing of technologies with new missions to bring about the transformation of U.S. intelligence without incurring unnecessary harm or expense. The goal is the creation of an intelligence community that can rapidly respond to developments in international politics, such as the emergence of nimble terrorist networks while reconciling national security requirements with the rights and liberties of American citizens.

Deep State

Inside the Government Secrecy Industry
Author: Marc Ambinder,D. B. Grady
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118235738
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 5981
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There is a hidden country within the United States. It was formed from the astonishing number of secrets held by the government and the growing ranks of secret-keepers given charge over them. The government secrecy industry speaks in a private language of codes and acronyms, and follows an arcane set of rules and customs designed to perpetuate itself, repel penetration, and deflect oversight. It justifies itself with the assertion that the American values worth preserving are often best sustained by subterfuge and deception. There are indications that this deep state is crumbling. Necessary secrets are often impossible to keep, while frivolous secrets are kept forever. The entire system has fallen prey to political manipulation, with leaks carefully timed to advance agendas, and over-classification given to indefensible government activities. Deep State, written by two of the country's most respected national security journalists, disassembles the secrecy apparatus of the United States and examines real-world trends that ought to trouble everyone from the most aggressive hawk to the fiercest civil libertarian. The book: - Provides the fullest account to date of the National Security Agency’s controversial surveillance program first spun up in the dark days after 9/11. - Examines President Obama's attempt to reconcile his instincts as a liberal with the realities of executive power, and his use of the state secrets doctrine. - Exposes how the public’s ubiquitous access to information has been the secrecy industry's toughest opponent to date, and provides a full account of how WikiLeaks and other “sunlight” organizations are changing the government's approach to handling sensitive information, for better and worse. - Explains how the increased exposure of secrets affects everything from Congressional budgets to Area 51, from SEAL Team Six and Delta Force to the FBI, CIA, and NSA. - Assesses whether the formal and informal mechanisms put in place to protect citizens from abuses by the American deep state work, and how they might be reformed. Deep State is based on the authors' insatiable curiosity for the ground truth and layered on a foundation of original and historical research as well as unprecedented access to lawmakers, intelligence agency heads, White House officials, and secret program managers. It draws on thousands of recently declassified documents and candid interviews with more than 100 military, industry, and government officials. By the bestselling authors of The Command: Deep Inside the President's Secret Army: Marc Ambinder, editor at large at The Week, contributing editor at GQ and the Atlantic, who has covered Washington for CBS News and ABC News; and D.B. Grady, a correspondent for the Atlantic, national security columnist for The Week, and former U.S. Army paratrooper and Afghanistan veteran.

The World Factbook


Author: Central Intelligence Agency
Publisher: Masterlab
ISBN: 8379912136
Category: Reference
Page: 3100
View: 1194
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The World Factbook provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities. The World Factbook is prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency. Comprehensive guide full of facts, maps, flags, and detailed information. A must for travellers, businessmen, politicians, and all who wants to know more about our fascinating world. -- We share these facts with the people of all nations in the belief that knowledge of the truth underpins the functioning of free societies (From official webpage). Tags: world, guide, facts, almanach

American Power and Liberal Order

A Conservative Internationalist Grand Strategy
Author: Paul D. Miller
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1626163421
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 4079
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Paul D. Miller argues against recent calls for American restraint in international relations. Blending academic rigor with his experiences as former Director for Afghanistan on the National Security Council, Miller instead calls for active investment in the centuries-old grand strategy of liberal order. His analysis shows that sustaining such a course will counter external threats ranging from nuclear-arm authoritarians to jihadists and strengthen the liberal order that forms the outer perimeter of American security.

Terrorism and the Constitution

Sacrificing Civil Liberties in the Name of National Security
Author: David Cole,James X. Dempsey
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 1565849396
Category: Political Science
Page: 302
View: 5144
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Tracing the history of government intrusions on Constitutional rights in response to threats from abroad, Cole and Dempsey warn that a society in which civil liberties are sacrificed in the name of national security is in fact less secure than one in which they are upheld. A new chapter includes a discussion of domestic spying, preventive detention, the many court challenges to post-9/11 abuses, implementation of the Patriot Act, and efforts to reestablish the checks and balances left behind in the rush to strengthen governmental powers.

Whistleblowers, Leaks, and the Media

The First Amendment and National Security
Author: Paul Rosenzweig,Timothy J. McNulty,Ellen Shearer
Publisher: Amer Bar Assn
ISBN: 9781627228251
Category: Law
Page: 296
View: 5635
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A comprehensive examination of national security laws and the tensions between the public's right to know, and the government's right to protect its interests.

The Art of Sanctions

A View from the Field
Author: Richard Nephew
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231542550
Category: Political Science
Page: 233
View: 9307
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Nations and international organizations are increasingly using sanctions as a means to achieve their foreign policy aims. However, sanctions are ineffective if they are executed without a clear strategy responsive to the nature and changing behavior of the target. In The Art of Sanctions, Richard Nephew offers a much-needed practical framework for planning and applying sanctions that focuses not just on the initial sanctions strategy but also, crucially, on how to calibrate along the way and how to decide when sanctions have achieved maximum effectiveness. Nephew—a leader in the design and implementation of sanctions on Iran—develops guidelines for interpreting targets’ responses to sanctions based on two critical factors: pain and resolve. The efficacy of sanctions lies in the application of pain against a target, but targets may have significant resolve to resist, tolerate, or overcome this pain. Understanding the interplay of pain and resolve is central to using sanctions both successfully and humanely. With attention to these two key variables, and to how they change over the course of a sanctions regime, policy makers can pinpoint when diplomatic intervention is likely to succeed or when escalation is necessary. Focusing on lessons learned from sanctions on both Iran and Iraq, Nephew provides policymakers with practical guidance on how to measure and respond to pain and resolve in the service of strong and successful sanctions regimes.

Enemy Aliens

Double Standards and Constitutional Freedoms in the War on Terrorism
Author: David Cole
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781565848009
Category: Law
Page: 315
View: 8594
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The nation's foremost civil libertarian shines a light on the cynical exploitation of 9/11 by government officials to target immigrants and lay the groundwork for rolling back the rights of ordinary American citizens.

Constitutional Diplomacy


Author: Michael J. Glennon
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691023052
Category: Law
Page: 353
View: 7806
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Challenging those who accept or advocate executive supremacy in American foreign-policy making, Constitutional Diplomacy proposes that we abandon the supine roles often assigned our legislative and judicial branches in that field. This book, by the former Legal Counsel to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, is the first comprehensive analysis of foreign policy and constitutionalism to appear in over fifteen years. In the interval since the last major work on this theme was published, the War Powers Resolution has ignited a heated controversy, several major treaties have aroused passionate disagreement over the Senate's role, intelligence abuses have been revealed and remedial legislation debated, and the Iran-Contra affair has highlighted anew the extent of disagreement over first principles. Exploring the implications of these and earlier foreign policy disputes, Michael Glennon maintains that the objectives of diplomacy cannot be successfully pursued by discarding constitutional interests. Glennon probes in detail the important foreign-policy responsibilities given to Congress by the Constitution and the duty given to the courts of resolving disputes between Congress and the President concerning the power to make foreign policy. He reviews the scope of the prime tools of diplomacy, the war power and the treaty power, and examines the concept of national security. Throughout the work he considers the intricate weave of two legal systems: American constitutional principles and the international law norms that are part of the U.S. domestic legal system.

The Rise and Decline of the Post-Cold War International Order


Author: Hanns W. Maull
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198828942
Category: Political Science
Page: 368
View: 4112
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This book takes a bird's-eye view of what has been happening with the international order over the last quarter century. Looking at a number of its components, such as the regional orders of Europe, the Middle East, and East Asia, and international regimes dealing with nuclear weapons, climate change, and world trade, it maps the rise and decline of what is called the liberal international order, identifies causes of progress and failure, and draws thiscomparative analysis together in a comprehensive assessment and evaluation of the state and prospects of international order. Two chapters each are dedicated to analysing the two most important 'orderingpowers', the United States and the People's Republic of China, offering two different perspectives on the policies and strategies Washington and Beijing have pursued in the international order.

Raven Rock

The Story of the U.S. Government’s Secret Plan to Save Itself--While the Rest of Us Die
Author: Garrett M. Graff
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1476735409
Category: History
Page: 560
View: 2938
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The author explores his belief in "the government's secret plans to survive a catastrophic attack on US soil--even if the rest of us die--a roadmap that spans from the dawn of the nuclear age to today"--Provided by publisher.

Defending the Holy Land


Author: Zeev Maoz
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472021737
Category: Political Science
Page: 744
View: 336
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Defending the Holy Land is the most comprehensive analysis to date of Israel's national security and foreign policy, from the inception of the State of Israel to the present. Author Zeev Maoz's unique double perspective, as both an expert on the Israeli security establishment and esteemed scholar of Mideast politics, enables him to describe in harrowing detail the tragic recklessness and self-made traps that pervade the history of Israeli security operations and foreign policy. Most of the wars in which Israel was involved, Maoz shows, were entirely avoidable, the result of deliberate Israeli aggression, flawed decision-making, and misguided conflict management strategies. None, with the possible exception of the 1948 War of Independence, were what Israelis call "wars of necessity." They were all wars of choice-or, worse, folly. Demonstrating that Israel's national security policy rested on the shaky pairing of a trigger-happy approach to the use of force with a hesitant and reactive peace diplomacy, Defending the Holy Land recounts in minute-by-minute detail how the ascendancy of Israel's security establishment over its foreign policy apparatus led to unnecessary wars and missed opportunites for peace. A scathing and brilliant revisionist history, Defending the Holy Land calls for sweeping reform of Israel's foreign policy and national security establishments. This book will fundamentally transform the way readers think about Israel's troubled history. Zeev Maoz is Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Davis. He is the former head of the Graduate School of Government and Policy and of the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies at Tel Aviv University, as well as the former academic director of the M.A. Program at the Israeli Defense Forces' National Defense College. Cover photograph: Israel, Jerusalem, Western Wall and The Dome of The Rock. Courtesy of Corbis.

Economic Security: Neglected Dimension of National Security ?

Neglected Dimension of National Security
Author: National Defense University (U.S.),Sheila R. Ronis
Publisher: Smashbooks
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 128
View: 3546
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On August 24-25, 2010, the National Defense University held a conference titled “Economic Security: Neglected Dimension of National Security?” to explore the economic element of national power. This special collection of selected papers from the conference represents the view of several keynote speakers and participants in six panel discussions. It explores the complexity surrounding this subject and examines the major elements that, interacting as a system, define the economic component of national security.

Counter-Terrorism from the Obama Administration to President Trump

Caught in the Fait Accompli War
Author: Donna G. Starr-Deelen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319697579
Category: Political Science
Page: 77
View: 5924
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Following up on Donna Starr-Deelen's previous book Presidential Policies on Terrorism: From Ronald Reagan to Barack Obama (Palgrave, 2014), this book compares and contrasts the approach of the Obama administration with the Trump administration regarding national security and counter-terrorism. It provides an overview of counter-terrorism in the Obama era and then moves to the rise of ISIS and the Syrian civil war, ending with an analysis of the new Trump administration's national security policies.