Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics


Author: Artemis P. Simopoulos,J. M. Ordovas
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3805577826
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 324
View: 5922
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For the first time, international scientists describe the advances in genetics and nutrition by combining methods of molecular biology with those of functional genetics, also known as systems biology. This book provides the latest data on genetic variation and dietary response, nutrients and gene expression, and the contribution molecular biology has given to systems biology. It also includes a comprehensive critique of genetic association studies in defining the risk of chronic diseases and concludes that molecular diagnostic tests will eventually affect every area of health care from individual risk prediction, early diagnosis of disease, and determination of optimal treatment regimens, to monitoring treatment effectiveness. The appendix contains an extensive glossary of the newly emerging terminology, as well as recommendations for genetic screening. This publication is an essential tool for the future work of all physicians, nutritionists, dietitians, geneticists, physiologists, molecular biologists, anthropologists, food technologists, policy makers, ethicists and educators.

Nanotechnology in Nutraceuticals

Production to Consumption
Author: Shampa Sen,Yashwant Pathak
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315353717
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 487
View: 5884
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While nutraceuticals were verified to be expedient, they often lack stability, bioavailability, and permeability, and nano-nutraceuticals are being developed to afford a solution to the problem. Nanotechnology in Nutraceuticals: Production to Consumption delves into the promises and prospects of the application of nanotechnology to nutraceuticals, addressing concepts, techniques, and production methods. Nutraceuticals retain less stability, efficacy, and bioavailability when entering the human body. To overcome such problems, nanotechnology shows promise when applied as a tool to improve the quality and stability of nutraceuticals. This book discusses metallic nanoparticles and their applications in the food industry with specific application to nutraceuticals. It includes detailed discussion on potential functional properties of nutraceuticals with regard to antimicrobial activity, anti-inflammatory activity, and anti-cancer activity. Since nanoparticles can be toxic past a certain limit, implementing nanotechnology under thoughtful regulations is considered critical. The book addresses these issues with chapters covering the principles for the oversight of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials in nutraceuticals, the implications of regulatory requirements, the ethics and economics of nano-nutraceuticals, and consumer acceptance of nanotechnology based foods.

Foodomics

Advanced Mass Spectrometry in Modern Food Science and Nutrition
Author: Alejandro Cifuentes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118537351
Category: Medical
Page: 580
View: 2526
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Provides the latest "-omics" tools to advance the study of food and nutrition The rapidly emerging field of foodomics examines food and nutrition by applying advanced "-omics" technologies in order to improve people's health, well-being, and knowledge. Using tools from genomics, transcriptomics, epigenomics, proteomics, and metabolomics, foodomics offers researchers new analytical approaches to solve a myriad of current challenges in food and nutrition science. This book presents the fundamentals of foodomics, exploring the use of advanced mass spectrometry techniques in food science and nutrition in the post-genomic era. The first chapter of the book offers an overview of foodomics principles and applications. Next, the book covers: Modern instruments and methods of proteomics, including the study and characterization of food quality, antioxidant food supplements, and food allergens Advanced mass spectrometry-based methods to study transgenic foods and the microbial metabolome Mass spectrometry-based metabolomics in nutrition and health research Foodomics' impact on our current understanding of micronutrients (phenolic compounds and folates), optimal nutrition, and personalized nutrition and diet related diseases Principles and practices of lipidomics and green foodomics Use of chemometrics in mass spectrometry and foodomics The final chapter of Foodomics explores the potential of systems biology approaches in food and nutrition research. All the chapters conclude with references to the primary literature, enabling readers to explore individual topics in greater depth. With contributions from a team of leading pioneers in foodomics, this book enables students and professionals in food science and nutrition to take advantage of the latest tools to advance their research and open up new areas of food and nutrition investigation.

Evolving Human Nutrition

Implications for Public Health
Author: Stanley J. Ulijaszek,Neil Mann,Sarah Elton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139788965
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 9325
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While most of us live our lives according to the working week, we did not evolve to be bound by industrial schedules, nor did the food we eat. Despite this, we eat the products of industrialization and often suffer as a consequence. This book considers aspects of changing human nutrition from evolutionary and social perspectives. It considers what a 'natural' human diet might be, how it has been shaped across evolutionary time and how we have adapted to changing food availability. The transition from hunter-gatherer and the rise of agriculture through to the industrialisation and globalisation of diet are explored. Far from being adapted to a 'Stone Age' diet, humans can consume a vast range of foodstuffs. However, being able to eat anything does not mean that we should eat everything, and therefore engagement with the evolutionary underpinnings of diet and factors influencing it are key to better public health practice.

Recent Advances in Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics


Author: Claude Bouchard,J. M. Ordovas
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123983975
Category: Medical
Page: 502
View: 6443
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This volume of Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science covers the recent advances in the expanding fields of nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics. Forty authors from eight countries have contributed to the publication, representing the most cutting-edge research available. Covers recent advances in nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics Distinguished panel of 40 authors from eight different countries

Oxford Handbook of Nutrition and Dietetics


Author: Joan Webster-Gandy,Angela Madden,Michelle Holdsworth
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199585822
Category: Medical
Page: 818
View: 2312
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Fully updated, the Oxford Handbook of Nutrition and Dietetics is a practical quick-reference to the vital and valued subject of nutrition in the prevention and treatment of disease and the maintenance of good health. This handbook will be an invaluable companion for all dieticians, nutritionists, and nurses, as well as doctors and students in a variety of specialities. Concise and bulleted, this handbook takes an integrated approach which facilitates the linksbetween all aspects of nutrition and dietetics. Including nutritional science and based on clinical evidence. Sections on obesity and a new chapter on international nutrition are timely and topical. Alsoincludes information on nutrition assessment, popular diets, nutrition in systems-based diseases, rarer conditions, as well as helpful lists of foods rich in or free from certain nutrients and normal range guides and handy reference values.

Anti-Aging Therapeutics


Author: A4m American Academy
Publisher: eBookIt.com
ISBN: 1934715069
Category: Medical
Page: 374
View: 3065
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Proceedings of the American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine's (A4M) Seventeenth World Congress on Anti-Aging Medicine & Regenerative Biomedical Technologies, Spring, Summer and Winter Sessions (2009 conference year). Also includes Anti-Aging Clinical Protocols, 2010-2011.

Genetic Variation and Dietary Response


Author: Artemis P. Simopoulos,P. J. Nestel
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3805563477
Category: Science
Page: 171
View: 775
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This timely volume focuses on genetics and nutrition, and their interaction in the development of chronic diseases. Knowledge of genetic susceptibility to disease will not only help to identify those at higher risk for disease but also to ascertain their response to diet. The prospect of targeting specific dietary treatment at those predicted to gain the most therapeutic benefit clearly has important clinical and economic consequences, particularly in diseases of high prevalence. This book is unique in considering genetic variation in susceptibility to disease, and the importance of specific diets in influencing lipid levels in cardiovascular disease and bone density in osteoporosis. The contributions emphasize that dietary response is dependent on the genetic variant and that specific dietary recommendations rather than universal ones are needed for the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Bringing together vital information for the first time, this book is important reading for physicians, nutritionists, dietitians, geneticists, physiologists, molecular biologists, food technologists and policymakers.

Healthy Agriculture, Healthy Nutrition, Healthy People


Author: A.P. Simopoulos
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3805597800
Category: Medical
Page: 296
View: 8593
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Human health depends to a great extent on our nutritionally balanced food supply consistent with the evolutionary aspects of diet to which genes were originally programmed to respond. The publication at hand contains selected papers from the Inaugural Conference Healthy Agriculture, Healthy Nutrition, Healthy People of the World Council on Genetics, Nutrition and Fitness for Health held at Ancient Olympia, Greece, in October 2010. Topics include the relationship between architecture and agriculture, food production systems and urban agriculture, as well as physical activity, nutrition, genetic variation and other determinants of human health. The papers clearly show that optimal nutrition is consistent with ecologically and economically sustainable agriculture, and that there is a need for scientific and political institutions that can integrate research into urban planning and its regulation, agriculture and health care systems. This will contribute to normal development and health throughout the human life cycle, and prevent or delay chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer.Scientists working in the fields of medicine, physiology, genetics, nutrition, dietetics, economics, architecture, agriculture as well as scientists and policy makers interested in environmental issues such as agricultural sustainability and climate will find this volume of great interest.

Nutrition and Gene Expression


Author: Carolyn D. Berdanier
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351092014
Category: Medical
Page: 591
View: 9471
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Nutrition and Gene Expression is devoted to exploring the tissue-specific and developmental aspects of the interaction between nutrients and the genome. The book discusses chemical sensitivity in relation to the ability of cells to detect nutrients; reviews the means by which lower organisms respond to nutrients; and provides examples on how each of the classes of nutrients affects genetic transcription, mRNA translation or stability. The receptor-mediated actions of vitamin D and retinoic acid on gene expression are discussed, including the case of bone formation and dissolution. Other important topics covered in the volume include newly discovered effects of fatty acids on regulating gene expression, the effects of diet on mRNA editing, the interplay between dietary carbohydrates and proteins in regulating metabolism of liver cells, the effects of metal ions on protein synthesis, and much more. Nutrition and Gene Expression is an important reference for nutritionists, physiologists, biochemists, clinical nutritionists, pharmaceutical researchers, geneticists, and food scientists.

The Mediterranean Diet

An Evidence-Based Approach
Author: Victor R. Preedy,Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124079423
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 698
View: 9524
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The Mediterranean Diet offers researchers and clinicians a single authoritative source which outlines many of the complex features of the Mediterranean diet: ranging from supportive evidence and epidemiological studies, to the antioxidant properties of individual components. This book embraces a holistic approach and effectively investigates the Mediterranean diet from the cell to the nutritional well-being of geographical populations. This book represents essential reading for researchers and practicing clinicians in nutrition, dietetics, endocrinology, and public health, as well as researchers, such as molecular or cellular biochemists, interested in lipids, metabolism, and obesity. Presents one comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of how the Mediterranean diet plays a role in disease prevention and health Experts in nutrition, diet, and endocrinology (from all areas of academic and medical research) take readers from the bench research (cellular and biochemical mechanisms of vitamins and nutrients) to new preventive and therapeutic approaches Features a unique section on novel nutraceuticals and edible plants used in the Mediterranean region

Don't Be a Tourist in Paris

The Messy Nessy Chic Guide
Author: Vanessa Grall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781909399976
Category: Travel
Page: 224
View: 4879
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- Off-beat, eclectic guide to Paris from famed blogger Vanessa Grall - creator of MessyNessyChic.com- Nessy shows you how to walk Paris's streets like a local: find the most eccentric architecture, get cozy in hidden cafes, party in the catacombs, tour the city with a broken heart, and wander like a true bohemian- A lively, eccentric and esoteric guide to the hidden Paris of your dreams, from an outsider who's made it her homeVanessa Grall is a London girl who moved to Paris and never looked back. Her blog Messy Nessy Chic is described as a 'chic cabinet of curiosities', and it records her bohemian adventures in the city. Her eye for style, both classic and kitsch, has won her a huge, dedicated following, with over 1.5 million unique visitors to her website per month, and 400,000 subscribers on social media. In addition, Vanessa's charisma has seen her profiled in Porter, Vogue, Conde Nast Traveller, and The Daily Mail. Don't be a Tourist is Grall's off-beat guide to her adopted home, in which she looks past the cliches and tourist traps, and uncovers the true heart of Paris. Join her to walk in Hemingway's footsteps, to uncover catacomb parties, and to find the city's most authentic dishes. With tips for visiting on a shoestring, with your parents, or with a broken heart, Don't be a Tourist in Paris is a uniquely warm and insightful guide that affirms Audrey Hepburn's famous statement that "Paris is always a good idea." 1. The Paris Runaways 2. Paris like it is in the Movies (and on Instagram) 3. Anywhere but the Louvre 4. Lonely Hearts Club 5. I hate to say I'm a hipster but... 6. I Know this Great Little Place 7. Parents are Coming to Town 8. Paris in Wonderland: Down the Deep, Dark Rabbit Hole 9. 10 Hour Layover 10. Forget Pinterest Paris

Nutrigenomics and Proteomics in Health and Disease

Food Factors and Gene Interactions
Author: Yoshinori Mine,Kazuo Miyashita,Fereidoon Shahidi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780813807171
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 412
View: 685
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Part of the Functional Food Science and Technology book series (Series Editor: Fereidoon Shahidi), this book compiles the current science based upon nutrigenomics and proteomics in food and health. Coverage includes many important nutraceuticals (food factors) and their impact on gene interaction and health. Authored by a stellar international team of multidisciplinary researchers, this book acquaints food and nutrition professionals with these new fields of nutrition research and conveys the state of the science to date.

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging

A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series
Author: Marco Malavolta,Eugenio Mocchegiani
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128018275
Category: Medical
Page: 784
View: 9431
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Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on the nutritional issues associated with aging and the important metabolic consequences of diet, nutrition, and health. The book is subdivided into four parts that reflect the impact of nutrition from a biomolecular level to individual health. In Part One, chapters explore the general aspects of aging, aging phenotypes, and relevant aspects of nutrition related to the elderly and healthy aging. Part Two includes molecular and cellular targets of nutrition in aging, with chapters exploring lipid peroxidation, inflammaging, anabolic and catabolic signaling, epigenetics, DNA damage and repair, redox homeostasis, and insulin sensitivity, among others. Part Three looks at system-level and organ targets of nutrition in aging, including a variety of tissues, systems, and diseases, such as immune function, the cardiovascular system, the brain and dementia, muscle, bone, lung, and many others. Finally, Part Four focuses on the health effects of specific dietary compounds and dietary interventions in aging, including vitamin D, retinol, curcumin, folate, iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine, vitamin B, fish oil, vitamin E, resveratrol, polyphenols, vegetables, and fruit, as well as the current nutritional recommendations. Offers updated information and a perspectives on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of aging Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of aging across body systems Investigates the molecular and genetic basis of aging and cellular senescence through the lens of the rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition

Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition

Proceedings of a Workshop
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Food and Nutrition Board,Food Forum
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309477646
Category: MEDICAL
Page: 154
View: 9334
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On December 5, 2017, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a public workshop titled Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition in Washington, DC, to review current knowledge in the field of nutrigenomics as it relates to nutrition. Workshop participants explored the influence of genetic and epigenetic expression on nutritional status and the potential impact of personalized nutrition on health maintenance and chronic disease prevention. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics


Author: Geoffrey Howard Bourne
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783805577823
Category: Nutrition
Page: 324
View: 4957
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For the first time, international scientists describe the advances in genetics and nutrition by combining methods of molecular biology with those of functional genetics, also known as systems biology. This book provides the latest data on genetic variation and dietary response, nutrients and gene expression, and the contribution molecular biology has given to systems biology. It also includes a comprehensive critique of genetic association studies in defining the risk of chronic diseases and concludes that molecular diagnostic tests will eventually affect every area of health care from individual risk prediction, early diagnosis of disease, and determination of optimal treatment regimens, to monitoring treatment effectiveness. The appendix contains an extensive glossary of the newly emerging terminology, as well as recommendations for genetic screening. This publication is an essential tool for the future work of all physicians, nutritionists, dietitians, geneticists, physiologists, molecular biologists, anthropologists, food technologists, policy makers, ethicists and educators.

Wild Plants, Mushrooms and Nuts

Functional Food Properties and Applications
Author: Isabel C. F. R. Ferreira,Patricia Morales Gómez,Lillian Barros
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118944623
Category: Science
Page: 496
View: 3737
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Wild Plants, Mushrooms and Nuts: Functional Properties and Food Applications is a compendium of current and novel research on the chemistry, biochemistry, nutritional and pharmaceutical value of traditional food products, namely wild mushrooms, plants and nuts, which are becoming more relevant in diets, and are especially useful for developing novel health foods and in modern natural food therapies. Topics covered will range from their nutritional value, chemical and biochemical characterization, to their multifunctional applications as food with beneficial effects on health, though their biological and pharmacological properties (antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, antitumor capacity, among others).

Personalized Nutrition

Translating Nutrigenetic/nutrigenomic Research Into Dietary Guidelines
Author: Artemis P. Simopoulos,John A. Milner
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3805594275
Category: Medical
Page: 180
View: 1219
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Awareness of the influence of our genetic variation to dietary response (nutrigenetics) and how nutrients may affect gene expression (nutrigenomics) is prompting a revolution in the field of nutrition. Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics provide powerful approaches to unravel the complex relationships among nutritional molecules, genetic variants and the biological system. This publication contains selected papers from the '3rd Congress of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics' held in Bethesda, Md., in October 2009. The contributions address frontiers in nutrigenetics, nutrigenomics, epigenetics, transcriptomics as well as non-coding RNAs and posttranslational gene regulations in various diseases and conditions. In addition to scientific studies, the challenges and opportunities facing governments, academia and the industry are included. Everyone interested in the future of personalized medicine and nutrition or agriculture, as well as researchers in academia, government and industry will find this publication of the utmost interest for their work.

Nutrition and Fitness

Cultural, Genetic and Metabolic Aspects
Author: Artemis P. Simopoulos
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3805585306
Category: Medical
Page: 259
View: 7386
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This volume contains a selection of papers presented at the Nutrition and Fitness Conference in Shanghai, held in November 2006 under the auspices of the World Council on Nutrition, Fitness and Health. Starting with a keynote presentation on nutrition, fitness and the concept of positive health from ancient times to the present, the focus then shifts to the role of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in health and disease. Other topics addressed are non-conventional genetic risk factors for cardiovascular disease; the impact of the APO E genotype on health, nutrition and fitness; nutrition in the prevention of chronic disease; and the connection between exercise and obesity. Papers on nutritional risk factors for gastrointestinal cancers; mediterranean diets as a global resource in health and disease; as well as political issues conclude the presentations. Covering a wide spectrum of issues, these proceedings will be of interest to geneticists, nutritionists and dieticians, exercise physiologists, cultural anthropologists, historians, pediatricians, internists, general practitioners, health care providers, scientists in industry and government, policymakers, and national and international governmental organizations.

Nutrigenomics and Nutrigenetics in Functional Foods and Personalized Nutrition


Author: Lynnette R. Ferguson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439876819
Category: Medical
Page: 451
View: 2807
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While functional foods have become a reasonably well-established concept, personalized nutrition is still treated with skepticism by many. The recognition that people would have different nutrient requirements, or perceive foods in different ways, raises several concerns—some real, some not so real. Nutrigenomics and Nutrigenetics in Functional Foods and Personalized Nutrition addresses what is needed to bring nutrigenomics, nutrigenetics, and their associated technologies to market in a truly impactful way. Edited by Lynnette R. Ferguson, a well-known and internationally respected researcher, the book covers a wide range of issues, from the purely scientific to ethical, consumer-driven, and public health aspects. It takes a close look at gene–diet interactions and explores the ways in which studies on nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics can help modulate disease risk in cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and inflammatory bowel disease. Topics include regulatory challenges, genetic testing for consumers, data mining, transcriptomic analysis, and the role of science and health professionals in the commercialization of nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics. The book also examines industry–academia partnerships as a nexus between the science and its commercialization by the food industry. These partnerships will be an important determinant of what value the technologies bring, not only to the market but to the wider health and well-being of society. Exploring how nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics can help modulate disease risk, this timely book brings together stimulating, well-thought-out perspectives from established and emerging researchers. It provides valuable information on a subject that is becoming increasingly important for nutritionists, dieticians, and clinical professionals, as well as for the food industry and research community.