Objects and Identities

Roman Britain and the North-western Provinces
Author: Hella Eckardt
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199693986
Category: History
Page: 296
View: 9243
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This volume explores Rome's northern provinces through the portable artefacts people used and left behind. Objects are crucial to our understanding of the past, and can be used to explore interlinking aspects of identity. For example, can we identify incomers? How are exotic materials (such as amber and ivory) and objects depicting 'the exotic' (e.g. Africans) consumed? Do regional styles exist below the homogenizing influence of Roman trade? How do all these aspects of identity interact with others, such as status, gender, and age? In this innovative study, the author combines theoretical awareness and a willingness to engage with questions of social and cultural identity with a thorough investigation into the well-published but underused material culture of Rome's northern provinces. Pottery and coins, the dominant categories of many other studies, have here been largely excluded in favour of small portable objects such as items of personal adornment, amulets, and writing equipment. The case studies included were chosen because they relate to specific, often interlinking aspects of identity such as provincial, elite, regional, or religious identity. Their meaning is explored in their own right and in depth, and in careful examination of their contexts. It is hoped that these case studies will be of use to archaeologists working in other periods, and indeed to students of material culture generally by making a small contribution to a growing corpus of academic and popular books that develop interpretative, historical narratives from selected objects.

Writing and Power in the Roman World

Literacies and Material Culture
Author: Hella Eckardt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108515827
Category: History
Page: 268
View: 8988
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In this book, Hella Eckardt offers new insights into literacy in the Roman world by examining the tools that enabled writing, such as inkwells, styli and tablets. Literacy was an important skill in the ancient world and power could be and often was, exercised through texts. Eckardt explores how writing equipment shaped practices such as posture and handwriting and her careful analysis of burial data shows considerable numbers of women and children interred with writing equipment, notably inkwells, in an effort to display status as well as age and gender. The volume offers a comprehensive review of recent approaches to literacy during Roman antiquity and adds a distinctive material turn to our understanding of this crucial skill and the embodied practices of its use. At the heart of this study lies the nature of the relationship between the material culture of writing and socio-cultural identities in the Roman period.

Small Finds and Ancient Social Practices in the Northwest Provinces of the Roman Empire


Author: Stefanie Hoss,Alissa Whitmaore
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1785702599
Category: Social Science
Page: 200
View: 3121
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Small finds – the stuff of everyday life – offer archaeologists a fascinating glimpse into the material lives of the ancient Romans. These objects hold great promise for unravelling the ins and outs of daily life, especially for the social groups, activities, and regions for which few written sources exist. Focusing on amulets, brooches, socks, hobnails, figurines, needles, and other “mundane” artefacts, these 12 papers use small finds to reconstruct social lives and practices in the Roman Northwest provinces. Taking social life broadly, the various contributions offer insights into the everyday use of objects to express social identities, Roman religious practices in the provinces, and life in military communities. By integrating small finds from the Northwest provinces with material, iconographic, and textual evidence from the whole Roman empire, contributors seek to demystify Roman magic and Mithraic religion, discover the latest trends in ancient fashion (socks with sandals!), explore Roman interactions with Neolithic monuments, and explain unusual finds in unexpected places. Throughout, the authors strive to maintain a critical awareness of archaeological contexts and site formation processes to offer interpretations of past peoples and behaviors that most likely reflect the lived reality of the Romans. While the range of topics in this volume gives it wide appeal, scholars working with small finds, religion, dress, and life in the Northwest provinces will find it especially of interest. Small Finds and Ancient Social Practices grew out of a session at the 2014 Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference.

The Oxford Handbook of Roman Britain


Author: Laurence Professor of Classical Archaeology Martin Millett,Alison Moore,Associate Professor in Roman Studies Louise Revell,Freelance Academic Editor and Sessional Lecturer Alison Moore
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199697736
Category: Great Britain
Page: 704
View: 8597
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Roman Britain is a critical area of research within the provinces of the Roman empire. It has formed the context for many of the seminal publications on the nature of imperialism and cultural change. Roman rule had a profound impact culture of Iron Age Britain, with new forms of material culture, and new forms of knowledge. On the other hand, there is evidence that such impacts were not uniform, leading to questions of resistance and continuity of pre-existing cultural forms. Within the last 15-20 years, the study of Roman Britain has been transformed through an enormous amount of new and interesting work which is not reflected in the main stream literature. The new archaeological work by a young generation has moved away from the narrative historical approach towards one much more closely focused on the interpretation of material. It has produced new interpretations of the material and a new light on the archaeology of the province, grounded in a close reading of the material evidence as collected by previous scholars and exploiting the rich library of publications on Romano-British studies. For the first time, this volume draws together the various scholars working on new approaches to Roman Britain to produce a comprehensive study of the present state and future trajectory of the subject. Arranged thematically and focussed primarily on the archaeological evidence, the volume challenges more traditional narrative approaches and explores new theoretical perspectives in order to better understand the archaeology of the province and its place within the wider context of the Roman Empire.

Illuminating Roman Britain


Author: Hella Eckardt
Publisher: Monique Mergoil
ISBN: N.A
Category: Candles
Page: 420
View: 2368
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Lampe - Öllampe - Beleuchtung.

The Archaeological Journal


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Archaeology
Page: N.A
View: 4030
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The Archaeology of the Gravel Terraces of the Upper and Middle Thames

The Early Historical Period: Ad1-1000
Author: Paul M. Booth,Anne Dodd,Mark Robinson
Publisher: Oxford Archaeological Unit
ISBN: 9780954962753
Category: Social Science
Page: 470
View: 5318
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The gravel terraces of the river Thames have revealed a wealth of archaeological information about the evolution of the landscape of the region, the development of the settlement pattern, and past human occupation. Much of this has come to light in the course of gravel quarrying, which has been so extensive that the Thames Valley now provides one of the richest resources of archaeological data in the country. This volume provides an up to date overview of the archaeological evidence from the valley for the late Iron Age, Roman and Anglo-Saxon periods, broadly speaking the first millennium AD. The area studied in detail comprises the Upper Thames Valley, from the source of the river to the Goring Gap, and the Middle Thames Valley, from the Goring Gap to the start of the tidal zone at Teddington Lock. A summary of evidence for the character of the river and the vegetation and environment of its floodplain is followed by a detailed account of the evolving settlement pattern as currently understood from archaeological evidence. The authors then consider what archaeology can reveal about the late Iron Age, Roman and Anglo-Saxon populations of the valley, and their changing lifestyles, culture, identities and beliefs. This is followed by a review of the evidence for production, trade, transport and communication, and the archaeology of power and politics. The volume concludes with a discussion of the state of knowledge today and its limitations, and emerging themes and problem areas for future research.

Style and Function in Roman Decoration

Living with Objects and Interiors
Author: Ellen Swift
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company
ISBN: N.A
Category: Architecture
Page: 231
View: 9553
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This important book puts forward a new interpretation of Roman decorative art, focusing on the function of decoration in the social context. It examines the three principal areas of social display and conspicuous consumption in the Roman world: social space, entertainment, and dress, and discusses the significance of the decoration of objects and interiors within these contexts, drawing on examples from the early Imperial period to Late Antiquity, including mosaics and other interior décor, silver plate, glass and pottery vessels, and jewellery and other dress accessories. Swift demonstrates the importance of decoration in creating and maintaining social networks and identities and fostering appropriate social behaviour, and its role in perpetuating social convention and social norms.

Miniature votive offerings in the north-west provinces of the Roman Empire


Author: Philip Kiernan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783941336452
Category: History
Page: 300
View: 6984
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Life in Roman Britain


Author: Joan Pilsbury Alcock
Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 192
View: 661
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The authoritative and accessible look at life in Roman Britain begins with a brief overview of the province in its historical context. The book then concentrates on the social history of the 400 years of Roman occupation with thematically arranged chapters on fucisign on administration; life in the army; religion; recreation; housing; food and drink; personal lifestyle; and art and decoration. Drawing on both the latest archaeological evidence and testimony from classical writers. the author recreates the lifestyles of those who lived in this part of a once great empire. With over 100 illustrations of sites, artefacts and reconstructions, and a comprehensive further reading section, this book will appeal to anyone interested in the Roman Period in Britain.

Worlds of Arthur

Facts and Fictions of the Dark Ages
Author: Guy Halsall
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191632716
Category: History
Page: 378
View: 6070
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King Arthur is probably the most famous and certainly the most legendary medieval king. From the early ninth century through the middle ages, to the Arthurian romances of Victorian times, the tales of this legendary figure have blossomed and multiplied. And in more recent times, there has been a continuous stream of books claiming to have discovered the 'facts' about, or to unlock the secret or truth behind, the 'once and future king'. Broadly speaking, there are two Arthurs. On the one hand is the traditional 'historical' Arthur, waging a doomed struggle to save Roman civilization against the relentless Anglo-Saxon tide during the darkest years of the Dark Ages. On the other is the Arthur of myth and legend - accompanied by a host of equally legendary people, places, and stories: Lancelot, Guinevere, Galahad and Gawain, Merlin, Excalibur, the Lady in the Lake, the Sword in the Stone, Camelot, the Round Table. The big problem with all this is that 'King Arthur' might well never have existed. And if he did exist, it is next to impossible to say anything at all about him. As this challenging new look at the Arthur legend makes clear, all books claiming to reveal 'the truth' behind King Arthur can safely be ignored. Not only the 'red herrings' in the abundant pseudo-historical accounts, even the 'historical' Arthur is largely a figment of the imagination: the evidence that we have - whether written or archaeological - is simply incapable of telling us anything detailed about the Britain in which he is supposed to have lived, fought, and died. The truth, as Guy Halsall reveals in this fascinating investigation, is both radically different - and also a good deal more intriguing.

Roman glass in the Corning Museum of Glass


Author: Corning Museum of Glass,David Whitehouse
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Antiques & Collectibles
Page: 381
View: 1336
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Excavations at the Old Methodist Chapel and Greyhound Yard, Dorchester, 1981-1984


Author: Peter J. Woodward,Susan M. Davies,Alan H. Graham
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Excavations (Archaeology)
Page: 392
View: 413
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Gallorömische Heiligtümer

Neue Studien zur Lage und den räumlichen Bezügen
Author: Julia Budei
Publisher: Studia Archaeologica Palatina
ISBN: 9783447106252
Category:
Page: 137
View: 403
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English summary: Even before the conquest of Gaul by Julius Caesar, there had been sustained contact between the Celtic peoples of Gaul and the Romans and this cultural contact intensified as Gaul became a Roman province. One aspect of the mixing of Celtic and Roman traditions that was unique to the northwest provinces of the Roman Empire is the development of the Gallo-Roman ambulatory temples, a temple that emerged alongside a new Gallo-Roman pantheon. Using new methods for understanding the construction and awareness of space, Julia Budei's offers a new examination into this type of temple and how it operated in the process of creating a new cultural form that borrowed from both Roman and Celtic traditions. German description: Schon vor der Einnahme Galliens begann ein durch Kulturkontakte initiierter Prozess der Romanisierung, aus dem eine gallo-romische Variante der Provinzialkultur hervorging, die romische und keltische Traditionen vereinte. Vor allem im Bereich der Religion ist die kulturelle Vermischung und Neuformung deutlich zu erkennen. Neben einem gallo-romischen Pantheon entsteht ein vollig neuer Typus des Heiligtums, der nur in den nordwestlichen Provinzen des imperium Romanum zu finden ist: der gallo-romische Umgangstempel. Diese Tempelgattung wird in Julia Budeis Studie unter Gesichtspunkten untersucht, die in der provinzialromischen Forschung erst seit Kurzem Anwendung finden. Zu ihnen gehoren die genaue Betrachtung der Lage der Bauten innerhalb der Landschaft sowie ihre raumlichen Bezuge. Uber diese Aspekte konnen neue Erkenntnisse in Bezug auf die Wahrnehmung des Raumes und der entstandenen Religion gewonnen werden. Zudem bietet sich durch die Untersuchung eine neue Perspektive auf die Frage der Romanisierung und die haufig gestellte Frage nach der Gewichtung der romischen und keltischen Traditionen innerhalb der neuen Kultur.

Hadrian as builder and benefactor in the western provinces


Author: Trudie E. Fraser
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 194
View: 495
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This investigation is concerned with the accuracy of Hadrians reputation as a prolific builder in the western provincial cities. The pursuit of this not only reveals more of Hadrians personal building, but also that all construction work during this period is shown to have contributed to a general perception of intense and continuous building during Hadrians reign. The study takes in all the available Hadrianic evidence for the western provinces, not only of civic building, but also of road building and military building. In addition this study offers a comparison between building during the reigns of Hadrian, Trajan and Antoninus Pius allowing a clearer perspective of Hadrianic building. All the available epigraphic, archaeological and numismatic evidence has been sought, especially of building initiated by provincial and local administrative officials, in an endeavour to understand the effect of the implementation of Hadrians military and urbanisation policies. As urbanisation was in its infancy in many of these western provinces, an examination was conducted of the availability of building supplies and its ability to support civic building programmes. Hadrians personal contribution in this regard has been a major consideration and all building, including road building, generated by imperial military policy has been detailed. Since a satisfactory conclusion of Hadrianic building could not be reached in isolation, a comparison was made of similar building and public works during the reigns of Hadrians predecessor and successor, Trajan and Antoninus Pius. In the final analysis, even though the type and extent of building varied considerably between the various provinces, it is clear that the volume of civic Hadrianic building works exceeded Trajanic by more than thirty percent and Antonine building by fifty percent. The author concludes that Hadrian fully deserved his reputation as a builder and benefactor given by the ancient sources, if not of every city, certainly of many cities in the western provinces.

Unbecoming British

How Revolutionary America Became a Postcolonial Nation
Author: Kariann Akemi Yokota
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199779910
Category: History
Page: 368
View: 7035
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What can homespun cloth, stuffed birds, quince jelly, and ginseng reveal about the formation of early American national identity? In this wide-ranging and bold new interpretation of American history and its Founding Fathers, Kariann Akemi Yokota shows that political independence from Britain fueled anxieties among the Americans about their cultural inferiority and continuing dependence on the mother country. Caught between their desire to emulate the mother country and an awareness that they lived an ocean away on the periphery of the known world, they went to great lengths to convince themselves and others of their refinement. Taking a transnational approach to American history, Yokota examines a wealth of evidence from geography, the decorative arts, intellectual history, science, and technology to underscore that the process of "unbecoming British" was not an easy one. Indeed, the new nation struggled to define itself economically, politically, and culturally in what could be called America's postcolonial period. Out of this confusion of hope and exploitation, insecurity and vision, a uniquely American identity emerged.

Britannia Prima

Britain's Last Roman Province
Author: Roger White
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Great Britain
Page: 256
View: 9071
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When Edward I took Caernarfon, seat of the Princes of Gwynedd, in 1278, he conquered the last remaining part of the Roman Empire. Why was it that this part of the Roman Empire survived for 800 years before succumbing to the medieval kingdoms that succeeded Rome? In answering this question, this book offers a new and innovative perspective on Wales, the South West and the Welsh Marches at a time when they were united as Britannia Prima, one of the four late Roman provinces of Britain. Created at the end of the third century, the province endured for 200 years, offering a successful resistance to the incoming Anglo-Saxon invaders throughout the fifth century. This book, the first ever to examine one of the provinces of late Roman Britain, provides a critical analysis of the abundant archaeological information now available. In doing so it paints a picture of a wealthy and flourishing Roman society in the fourth century, able to achieve a measure of economic self-sufficiency through its wealth of natural resources, a society that maintained its Roman, and urban, character throughout the fifth century. Eventually Britannia Prima fragmented, overwhelmed by the internal and external pressures that it faced, but its enduring legacy is the distinct nature, culture and identity of the Welsh and Cornish kingdoms that succeeded it.

Caister-on-Sea Excavations by Charles Green, 1951-55


Author: David Gurney,Charles Green
Publisher: East Anglian Archaeology
ISBN: 9780905594071
Category: History
Page: 290
View: 9030
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The Roman defended site at Caister, hitherto viewed as a small town, can now be seen as an early coastal fort probably contemporary with Reculver and Brancaster, both of which appear in the Notitia Dignitatum as forts of the Saxon shore. The Caister fort is of earlier Roman type, with a defensive wall backed up by an earthen rampart. Finds indicate occupation by cavalry from the early 3rd century to later 4th century, although specifically late military equipment is absent. The site was unoccupied until the Middle Saxon period, when outside the walls an extensive cemetery developed which was in use from the 8th to 11th centuries. Several burials containing rows of clench nails indicate that parts of boats were used as coffin lids or biers. Further burials were recorded within the fort itself, and both cemeteries exhibit Christian characteristics. It is likely that they were associated with a church, perhaps a minster. Was Caister, rather than Burgh Castle, Fursa's monastery of Cnobheresburg?

The Uley Shrines

Excavation of a Ritual Complex on West Hill, Uley, Gloucestershire, 1977-9
Author: Ann Woodward,Peter E. Leach
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Architecture
Page: 360
View: 2919
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Report on the excavations of the ritual complex on West Hill, Uley, Gloucestershire, from 1977-79, which showed that the site was a focus of continuing religious activity from the Neolithic period to the 7th or 8th century AD. The wide variety of finds, now in the British Museum and fully catalogued and illustrated here, trace the history and use of the site.