Objects and Others

Essays on Museums and Material Culture
Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299103231
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 6565
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History of Anthropology is a series of annual volumes, inaugurated in 1983, each of which treats an important theme in the history of anthropological inquiry. Objects and Others, the third volume, focuses on a number of questions relating to the history of museums and material culture studies: the interaction of museum arrangement and anthropological theory; the tension between anthropological research and popular education; the contribution of museum ethnography to aesthetic practice; the relationship of humanistic and anthropological culture, and of ethnic artifact and fine art; and, more generally, the representation of culture in material objects. As the first work to cover the development of museum anthropology since the mid-nineteenth century, it will be of great interest and value not only to anthropologist, museologists, and historians of science and the social sciences, but also to those interested in "primitive" art and its reception in the Western world.

The Future of Indigenous Museums

Perspectives from the Southwest Pacific
Author: Nick Stanley
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9781845451882
Category: Art
Page: 268
View: 759
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Indigenous museums and cultural centres have sprung up across the developing world, and particularly in the Southwest Pacific. This book looks to the future of museum practice through examining how these museums have evolved to incorporate the present and the future in the display of culture.

Time and the Other

How Anthropology Makes Its Object
Author: Johannes Fabian
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780231125772
Category: History
Page: 205
View: 5616
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Johannes Fabian takes an historical look at anthropology to demonstrate the emergence, transformation, and differentiation of uses of Time. Anthropological theory, from its beginnings in philosophy and linguistics, has provided Western thought and politics with deep-rooted images and convictions amounting to a kind of political cosmology. The anthropologists are 'here and now, ' the objects of their discourse are 'there and then, ' and the existence of the 'other'-- the 'savage', 'the 'primitive, ' the 'underdeveloped' world -- in the same time as ours is regularly denied. While written for the anthropologist, Time and the Other applies equally well to the fields of literary criticism, philosophy, and history.

To be Indian

The Life of Iroquois-Seneca Arthur Caswell Parker
Author: Joy Porter
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 9780806133171
Category: Social Science
Page: 309
View: 5313
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Born on the Seneca Indian Reservation in New York State, Arthur Caswell Parker (1881-1955) was a prominent intellectual leader both within and outside tribal circles. Of mixed Iroquois, Seneca, and Anglican descent, Parker was also a controversial figure-recognized as an advocate for Indians but criticized for his assimilationist stance. In this exhaustively researched biography-the first book-length examination of Parker’s life and career-Joy Porter explores complex issues of Indian identity that are as relevant today as in Parker’s time. From childhood on, Parker learned from his well-connected family how to straddle both Indian and white worlds. His great-uncle, Ely S. Parker, was Commissioner of Indian Affairs under Ulysses S. Grant--the first American Indian to hold the position. Influenced by family role models and a strong formal education, Parker, who became director of the Rochester Museum, was best known for his work as a "museologist" (a word he coined). Porter shows that although Parker achieved success within the dominant Euro-American culture, he was never entirely at ease with his role as assimilated Indian and voiced frustration at having "to play Indian to be Indian." In expressing this frustration, Parker articulated a challenging predicament for twentieth-century Indians: the need to negotiate imposed stereotypes, to find ways to transcend those stereotypes, and to assert an identity rooted in the present rather than in the past.

Volksgeist as Method and Ethic

Essays on Boasian Ethnography and the German Anthropological Tradition
Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299145538
Category: Social Science
Page: 358
View: 6030
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Franz Boas, the major founding figure of anthropology as a discipline in the United States, came to America from Germany in 1886. This volume in the highly acclaimed History of Anthropology series is the first extensive scholarly exploration of Boas' roots in the German intellectual tradition and late nineteenth-century German anthropology, and offers a new perspective on the historical development of ethnography in the United States.

Time and the Work of Anthropology

Critical Essays, 1971-1991
Author: Johannes Fabian
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9783718652228
Category: Social Science
Page: 299
View: 9024
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The development of the dialogical approach, the autobiographical perspective and the central role of text-interpretation are all seen as characteristics of post-modern ethnography, arising from the daily chores of field research. The breakthrough into time and history, away from the timeless theorizing of structuralism and functionalism, is seen as inevitable when anthropology is forced to think about its own epistemology. Another current concern is taken up with reflections on the politics of representing the other. In the later essays, he opposes post-modern fashions and re-asserts the need to continue with a truly critical agenda.

Visual Anthropology

Essential Method and Theory
Author: Fadwa El Guindi
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759103955
Category: Social Science
Page: 293
View: 494
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El Guindi provides a comprehensive guide to visual anthropology and the use of film in ethnographic research. She shows how visual media is now an accepted part of anthropological methodology, a vital tool that produces knowledge about the range of cultures and about culture itself. It is an excellent guide for ethnographic research, and for film and other media instruction concerned with cross-cultural representation.

The Ethnographer's Magic and Other Essays in the History of Anthropology


Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299134143
Category: Social Science
Page: 440
View: 6127
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According to George Marcus of Rice University, the essays "represent the most informative and insightful writings on Malinowski and Boas and their legacies that are yet available." Beyond their biographical material, the essays here touch upon major themes in the history of anthropology: its powerfully mythic aspect and persistent strain of romantic primitivism; the contradictions of its relationship to the larger sociopolitical sphere; its problematic integration of a variety of natural scientific and humanistic inquiries; and the tension between its scientific aspirations and its subjectively acquired data. To provide an overview against which to read the other essays, Stocking has also included a sketch of the history of anthropology from the ancient Greeks to the present. For this collection, Stocking has written prefatory commentaries for each of the essays, as well as two more extended contextualizing pieces.

Primitive Art


Author: Franz Boas
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486200255
Category: History
Page: 372
View: 4697
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This profoundly influential 1927 study analyzes the fundamental traits of primitive art, examining the symbolism and style of objects and of literature, music, and dance. Features more than 323 photographs, drawings, and diagrams of totem poles, baskets, masks, and other decorated items from the Indians of the American Northwest Coast.

Anthropology and Antihumanism in Imperial Germany


Author: Andrew Zimmerman
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226983462
Category: Social Science
Page: 372
View: 9207
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With the rise of imperialism, the centuries-old European tradition of humanist scholarship as the key to understanding the world was jeopardized. Nowhere was this more true than in nineteenth-century Germany. It was there, Andrew Zimmerman argues, that the battle lines of today's "culture wars" were first drawn when anthropology challenged humanism as a basis for human scientific knowledge. Drawing on sources ranging from scientific papers and government correspondence to photographs, pamphlets, and police reports of "freak shows," Zimmerman demonstrates how German imperialism opened the door to antihumanism. As Germans interacted more frequently with peoples and objects from far-flung cultures, they were forced to reevaluate not just those peoples, but also the construction of German identity itself. Anthropologists successfully argued that their discipline addressed these issues more productively—and more accessibly—than humanistic studies. Scholars of anthropology, European and intellectual history, museum studies, the history of science, popular culture, and colonial studies will welcome this book.

A History of Anthropological Theory


Author: Paul A. Erickson,Liam Donat Murphy
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9781442601109
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 8354
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This overview of the history of anthropological theory provides a comprehensive history from antiquity through to the twenty-first century, with a focus on the twentieth century and beyond. Unlike other volumes, it also offers a four-field introduction to theory. As a stand-alone text, or used in conjunction with the companion volume Readings for a History of Anthropological Theory, Erickson and Murphy offer a comprehensive, affordable, and contemporary introduction to anthropological theory. The third edition has been updated and fully revised throughout to closely parallel the presentation in the companion reader, making it easier to use both books in tandem. New original essays by contemporary theorists bring theories to life, and portraits of important theorists make it a handsome volume. Sources and suggested readings have been updated, and glossary definitions have been updated, streamlined, and standardized.

The Death of Authentic Primitive Art and Other Tales of Progress


Author: Shelly Errington
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520212114
Category: Art
Page: 309
View: 3719
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Anthropologist Shelly Errington argues that Primitive Art, invented as a new type of art object at the beginning of the 20th century, has died. Errington's dissection of discourses about progress and primitivism is a lively introduction to anthropological studies of art institutions and a dramatic contribution to the growing field of cultural studies. 106 illustrations.

Museums, Anthropology and Imperial Exchange


Author: Amiria Henare
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521835916
Category: Art
Page: 323
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Amiria Henare explores the role of material cultural research in anthropology and related disciplines from the late eighteenth century to the present.

Delimiting Anthropology

Occasional Essays and Reflections
Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299174507
Category: Social Science
Page: 404
View: 5657
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Delimiting Anthropology makes available sixteen essays from the influential career of George W. Stocking, Jr., the world’s preeminent historian of anthropology. The essays are grouped in four quartets, echoing the major phases of Stocking’s own research over four decades. In his introductory comments he places each essay in the context of his entire body of work. The first quartet focuses on the work of Franz Boas and the emergence of "Boasian Culturalism." In the second set of essays Stocking addresses the careers of three British "evolutionaries"—Lord Kames; Sir E. B. Tylor; and Sir James G. Frazer—tracking the development of cultural evolutionary thought from its origins in the Scottish Enlightenment through its early twentieth-century afterglow in Frazer’s The Golden Bough. The third group of essays looks at institutions and national traditions, including British ethnography exemplified in the fieldwork manual Notes and Queries; the humanistic Parisian Société d’Ethnographie; the early tension at the Laboratory of Anthropology in Santa Fe between aspiring local amateur anthropologists and professionals from Eastern universities; and the history of ethnographic museums in the European tradition. In closing, Stocking offers reflections on major tendencies in anthropology from the eighteenth century to the present.

Objects of Culture

Ethnology and Ethnographic Museums in Imperial Germany
Author: H. Glenn Penny
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807854303
Category: History
Page: 281
View: 710
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Penny argues that the scientists who created monumental ethnographic museums in Imperial Germany were driven not by imperialist or racist motives, but by the desire to demonstrate theories about the essential nature of human beings through their museums' collections.

Die Musealisierung des Anderen

Stereotype in der Ausstellung "Kunst aus Afrika"
Author: Isabel Dean
Publisher: Tübinger Vereinigung für Volkskunde e.V.
ISBN: 9783932512605
Category: Art, African
Page: 160
View: 4154
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Ethnologische Ausstellungen werben für ein besseres Verständnis fremder Kulturen. Sie haben dabei immer wieder zu prüfen, inwieweit sie sich selbst von stereotypisierenden und rassifizierenden Vorstellungen gelöst haben. Die vorliegende Arbeit analysiert die Ausstellung „Kunst aus AFRIKA“ des Berliner Ethnologischen Museums und fragt, wie weiße Europäerinnen als das „Andere“ vorstellen. Mittels einer „Dichten Beschreibung“ zeichnet die Autorin besonders aussagekräftige Displays und Objektarrangements nach und arbeitet mögliche Lesarten der Ausstellung heraus. Sie zeigt dabei exemplarisch die Schwierigkeiten und die Möglichkeiten musealer Präsentation auf, in einen „intelligenten Grenzverkehr mit dem Fremden“ (Sloterdijk) zu treten.

Okinawa and the U.S. Military

Identity Making in the Age of Globalization
Author: Masamichi S. Inoue
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231511140
Category: Political Science
Page: 312
View: 2996
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In 1995, an Okinawan schoolgirl was brutally raped by several U.S. servicemen. The incident triggered a chain of protests by women's groups, teachers' associations, labor unions, reformist political parties, and various grassroots organizations across Okinawa prefecture. Reaction to the crime culminated in a rally attended by some 85,000 people, including business leaders and conservative politicians who had seldom raised their voices against the U.S. military presence. Using this event as a point of reference, Inoue explores how Okinawans began to regard themselves less as a group of uniformly poor and oppressed people and more as a confident, diverse, middle-class citizenry embracing the ideals of democracy, human rights, and women's equality. As this identity of resistance has grown, however, the Japanese government has simultaneously worked to subvert it, pressuring Okinawans to support a continued U.S. presence. Inoue traces these developments as well, revealing the ways in which Tokyo has assisted the United States in implementing a system of governance that continues to expand through the full participation and cooperation of residents. Inoue deftly connects local social concerns with the larger political processes of the Japanese nation and the global strategies of the United States. He critically engages social-movement literature along with postmodern/structural/colonial discourses and popular currents and themes in Okinawan and Japanese studies. Rich in historical and ethnographical detail, this volume is a nuanced portrait of the impact of Japanese colonialism, World War II, and U.S. military bases on the formation of contemporary Okinawan identity.

Out of Time

History and Evolution in Anthropological Discourse
Author: Nicholas Thomas
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472083770
Category: Social Science
Page: 155
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A lucid theoretical reflection on the intersection of anthropology and history

Making and Growing

Anthropological Studies of Organisms and Artefacts
Author: Dr Elizabeth Hallam,Professor Tim Ingold
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 147240260X
Category: Social Science
Page: 258
View: 6242
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Making and Growing brings together the latest work in the fields of anthropology and material culture studies to explore the differences - and the relation - between making things and growing things, and between things that are made and things that grow. Though the former are often regarded as artefacts and the latter as organisms, the book calls this distinction into question, examining the implications for our understanding of materials, design and creativity. Grounding their arguments in case studies from different regions and historical periods, the contributors to this volume show how making and growing give rise to co-produced and mutually modifying organisms and artefacts, including human persons. They attend to the properties of materials and to the forms of knowledge and sensory experience involved in these processes, and explore the dynamics of making and undoing, growing and decomposition. The book will be of broad interest to scholars in the fields of anthropology, archaeology, material culture studies, history and sociology.

Anthropology and Archaeology

A Changing Relationship
Author: Chris Gosden
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134716206
Category: Social Science
Page: 248
View: 2564
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Anthropolgy and Archaeology provides a valuable and much-needed introduction to the theories and methods of these two inter-related subjects. This volume covers the historical relationship and contemporary interests of archaeology and anthropology. It takes a broad historical approach, setting the early history of the disciplines with the colonial period during which the Europeans encountered and attempted to make sense of many other peoples. It shows how the subjects are linked through their interest in kinship, economics and symbolism, and discusses what each contribute to debates about gender, material culture and globalism in the post-colonial world.