Objects and Others

Essays on Museums and Material Culture
Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299103231
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
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History of Anthropology is a series of annual volumes, inaugurated in 1983, each of which treats an important theme in the history of anthropological inquiry. Objects and Others, the third volume, focuses on a number of questions relating to the history of museums and material culture studies: the interaction of museum arrangement and anthropological theory; the tension between anthropological research and popular education; the contribution of museum ethnography to aesthetic practice; the relationship of humanistic and anthropological culture, and of ethnic artifact and fine art; and, more generally, the representation of culture in material objects. As the first work to cover the development of museum anthropology since the mid-nineteenth century, it will be of great interest and value not only to anthropologist, museologists, and historians of science and the social sciences, but also to those interested in "primitive" art and its reception in the Western world.

Time and the Other

How Anthropology Makes Its Object
Author: Johannes Fabian
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231537484
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 5137
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Time and the Other is a classic work that critically reexamined the relationship between anthropologists and their subjects and reoriented the approach literary critics, philosophers, and historians took to the study of humankind. Johannes Fabian challenges the assumption that anthropologists live in the "here and now," that their subjects live in the "there and then," and that the "other" exists in a time not contemporary with our own. He also pinpoints the emergence, transformation, and differentiation of a variety of uses of time in the history of anthropology that set specific parameters between power and inequality. In this edition, a new postscript by the author revisits popular conceptions of the "other" and the attempt to produce and represent knowledge of other(s).

The Future of Indigenous Museums

Perspectives from the Southwest Pacific
Author: Nick Stanley
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9781845451882
Category: Art
Page: 268
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Indigenous museums and cultural centres have sprung up across the developing world, and particularly in the Southwest Pacific. This book looks to the future of museum practice through examining how these museums have evolved to incorporate the present and the future in the display of culture.

Nationalism and the Politics of Culture in Quebec


Author: Richard Handler
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299115142
Category: Political Science
Page: 217
View: 7683
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Richard Handler's pathbreaking study of nationalistic politics in Quebec is a striking and successful example of the new experimental type of ethnography, interdisciplinary in nature and intensively concerned with rhetoric and not only of anthropologists but also of scholars in a wide range of fields, and it is likely to stir sharp controversy. Bringing together methodologies of history, sociology, political science, and philosophy, as well as anthropology, Handler centers on the period 1976–1984, during which the independantiste Parti Québéois was in control of the provincial government and nationalistic sentiment was especially strong. Handler draws on historical and archival research, and on interviews with Quebec and Canadian government officials, as he addresses the central question: Given the similarities between the epistemologies of both anthropology and nationalist ideology, how can one write an ethnography of nationalism that does not simply reproduce—and thereby endorse—nationalistic beliefs? Handler analyzes various responses to the nationalist vision of a threatened existence. He examines cultural tourism, ideology of the Quebec government, legislations concerning historical preservation, language legislation and policies towards immigrants and “cultural minorities.” He concludes with a thoughtful meditation on the futility of nationalisms.

Fieldwork and Footnotes

Studies in the History of European Anthropology
Author: Hans Vermeulen,Arturo Alvarez Roldan,Arturo Alvarez Roldán
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415106559
Category: Social Science
Page: 261
View: 7189
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This book brings together 14 studies of the history of European anthropology from the 17th century onwards, each of which have great relevance for current debates within the discipline

Volksgeist as Method and Ethic

Essays on Boasian Ethnography and the German Anthropological Tradition
Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299145538
Category: Social Science
Page: 358
View: 1866
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Franz Boas, the major founding figure of anthropology as a discipline in the United States, came to America from Germany in 1886. This volume in the highly acclaimed History of Anthropology series is the first extensive scholarly exploration of Boas' roots in the German intellectual tradition and late nineteenth-century German anthropology, and offers a new perspective on the historical development of ethnography in the United States.

Time and the Work of Anthropology

Critical Essays, 1971-1991
Author: Johannes Fabian
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9783718652228
Category: Social Science
Page: 299
View: 4043
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The development of the dialogical approach, the autobiographical perspective and the central role of text-interpretation are all seen as characteristics of post-modern ethnography, arising from the daily chores of field research. The breakthrough into time and history, away from the timeless theorizing of structuralism and functionalism, is seen as inevitable when anthropology is forced to think about its own epistemology. Another current concern is taken up with reflections on the politics of representing the other. In the later essays, he opposes post-modern fashions and re-asserts the need to continue with a truly critical agenda.

To be Indian

The Life of Iroquois-Seneca Arthur Caswell Parker
Author: Joy Porter
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 9780806133171
Category: Social Science
Page: 309
View: 2886
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Born on the Seneca Indian Reservation in New York State, Arthur Caswell Parker (1881-1955) was a prominent intellectual leader both within and outside tribal circles. Of mixed Iroquois, Seneca, and Anglican descent, Parker was also a controversial figure-recognized as an advocate for Indians but criticized for his assimilationist stance. In this exhaustively researched biography-the first book-length examination of Parker’s life and career-Joy Porter explores complex issues of Indian identity that are as relevant today as in Parker’s time. From childhood on, Parker learned from his well-connected family how to straddle both Indian and white worlds. His great-uncle, Ely S. Parker, was Commissioner of Indian Affairs under Ulysses S. Grant--the first American Indian to hold the position. Influenced by family role models and a strong formal education, Parker, who became director of the Rochester Museum, was best known for his work as a "museologist" (a word he coined). Porter shows that although Parker achieved success within the dominant Euro-American culture, he was never entirely at ease with his role as assimilated Indian and voiced frustration at having "to play Indian to be Indian." In expressing this frustration, Parker articulated a challenging predicament for twentieth-century Indians: the need to negotiate imposed stereotypes, to find ways to transcend those stereotypes, and to assert an identity rooted in the present rather than in the past.

Fotografien vom Alltag - Fotografieren als Alltag

Tagung der Kommission Fotografie der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Volkskunde und der Sektion Geschichte und Archive der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Photographie im Museum Europäischer Kulturen - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin vom 15. bis 17. November 2002
Author: Irene Ziehe,Deutsche Gesellschaft für Volkskunde. Kommission Fotografie,Museum Europäischer Kulturen (Berlin, Germany)
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 9783825871598
Category: Documentary photography
Page: 331
View: 5568
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Visual Anthropology

Essential Method and Theory
Author: Fadwa El Guindi
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759103955
Category: Social Science
Page: 293
View: 7884
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El Guindi provides a comprehensive guide to visual anthropology and the use of film in ethnographic research. She shows how visual media is now an accepted part of anthropological methodology, a vital tool that produces knowledge about the range of cultures and about culture itself. It is an excellent guide for ethnographic research, and for film and other media instruction concerned with cross-cultural representation.

The Ethnographer's Magic and Other Essays in the History of Anthropology


Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299134143
Category: Social Science
Page: 440
View: 8816
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According to George Marcus of Rice University, the essays "represent the most informative and insightful writings on Malinowski and Boas and their legacies that are yet available." Beyond their biographical material, the essays here touch upon major themes in the history of anthropology: its powerfully mythic aspect and persistent strain of romantic primitivism; the contradictions of its relationship to the larger sociopolitical sphere; its problematic integration of a variety of natural scientific and humanistic inquiries; and the tension between its scientific aspirations and its subjectively acquired data. To provide an overview against which to read the other essays, Stocking has also included a sketch of the history of anthropology from the ancient Greeks to the present. For this collection, Stocking has written prefatory commentaries for each of the essays, as well as two more extended contextualizing pieces.

Anthropology and Antihumanism in Imperial Germany


Author: Andrew Zimmerman
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226983462
Category: Social Science
Page: 372
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With the rise of imperialism, the centuries-old European tradition of humanist scholarship as the key to understanding the world was jeopardized. Nowhere was this more true than in nineteenth-century Germany. It was there, Andrew Zimmerman argues, that the battle lines of today's "culture wars" were first drawn when anthropology challenged humanism as a basis for human scientific knowledge. Drawing on sources ranging from scientific papers and government correspondence to photographs, pamphlets, and police reports of "freak shows," Zimmerman demonstrates how German imperialism opened the door to antihumanism. As Germans interacted more frequently with peoples and objects from far-flung cultures, they were forced to reevaluate not just those peoples, but also the construction of German identity itself. Anthropologists successfully argued that their discipline addressed these issues more productively—and more accessibly—than humanistic studies. Scholars of anthropology, European and intellectual history, museum studies, the history of science, popular culture, and colonial studies will welcome this book.

Primitive Art


Author: Franz Boas,Aldona Jonaitis
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486473309
Category: Social Science
Page: 372
View: 6711
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Boas' definitive study analyzes the fundamental traits of primitive art, examining the symbolism and style of objects as well as that of literature, music, and dance. It features more than 300 photographs, drawings, and diagrams of totem poles, baskets, masks, and other decorated items created by Native Americans of the Northwest Coast.

Readings for a History of Anthropological Theory, Fifth Edition


Author: Paul A. Erickson,Liam D. Murphy
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442636904
Category: Social Science
Page: 664
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The fifth edition of this bestselling reader builds a strong foundation in both classical and contemporary theory, with a sharpened focus on gender and anthropology, and the anthropology of new media and technology. Short introductions and key terms accompany every reading, and light annotations have been added to aid students in reading original articles. Used on its own or together with A History of Anthropological Theory, Fifth Edition, this anthology offers a flexible and unrivalled introduction to anthropological theory that reflects not only the history but also the changing nature of the discipline today.

A History of Anthropological Theory


Author: Paul A. Erickson,Liam Donat Murphy
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9781442601109
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
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This overview of the history of anthropological theory provides a comprehensive history from antiquity through to the twenty-first century, with a focus on the twentieth century and beyond. Unlike other volumes, it also offers a four-field introduction to theory. As a stand-alone text, or used in conjunction with the companion volume Readings for a History of Anthropological Theory, Erickson and Murphy offer a comprehensive, affordable, and contemporary introduction to anthropological theory. The third edition has been updated and fully revised throughout to closely parallel the presentation in the companion reader, making it easier to use both books in tandem. New original essays by contemporary theorists bring theories to life, and portraits of important theorists make it a handsome volume. Sources and suggested readings have been updated, and glossary definitions have been updated, streamlined, and standardized.

The Death of Authentic Primitive Art and Other Tales of Progress


Author: Shelly Errington
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520212114
Category: Art
Page: 309
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Anthropologist Shelly Errington argues that Primitive Art, invented as a new type of art object at the beginning of the 20th century, has died. Errington's dissection of discourses about progress and primitivism is a lively introduction to anthropological studies of art institutions and a dramatic contribution to the growing field of cultural studies. 106 illustrations.

Out of Time

History and Evolution in Anthropological Discourse
Author: Nicholas Thomas
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472083770
Category: Social Science
Page: 155
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A lucid theoretical reflection on the intersection of anthropology and history

Museums, Anthropology and Imperial Exchange


Author: Amiria Henare
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521835916
Category: Art
Page: 323
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Amiria Henare explores the role of material cultural research in anthropology and related disciplines from the late eighteenth century to the present.

Anthropology and Nostalgia


Author: Olivia Angé,David Berliner
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1782384545
Category: Social Science
Page: 244
View: 4881
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Nostalgia is intimately connected to the history of the social sciences in general and anthropology in particular, though finely grained ethnographies of nostalgia and loss are still scarce. Today, anthropologists have realized that nostalgia constitutes a fascinating object of study for exploring contemporary issues of the formation of identity in politics and history. Contributors to this volume consider the fabric of nostalgia in the fields of heritage and tourism, exile and diasporas, postcolonialism and postsocialism, business and economic exchange, social, ecological and religious movements, and nation building. They contribute to a better understanding of how individuals and groups commemorate their pasts, and how nostalgia plays a role in the process of remembering.

Delimiting Anthropology

Occasional Essays and Reflections
Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299174507
Category: Social Science
Page: 404
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Delimiting Anthropology makes available sixteen essays from the influential career of George W. Stocking, Jr., the world’s preeminent historian of anthropology. The essays are grouped in four quartets, echoing the major phases of Stocking’s own research over four decades. In his introductory comments he places each essay in the context of his entire body of work. The first quartet focuses on the work of Franz Boas and the emergence of "Boasian Culturalism." In the second set of essays Stocking addresses the careers of three British "evolutionaries"—Lord Kames; Sir E. B. Tylor; and Sir James G. Frazer—tracking the development of cultural evolutionary thought from its origins in the Scottish Enlightenment through its early twentieth-century afterglow in Frazer’s The Golden Bough. The third group of essays looks at institutions and national traditions, including British ethnography exemplified in the fieldwork manual Notes and Queries; the humanistic Parisian Société d’Ethnographie; the early tension at the Laboratory of Anthropology in Santa Fe between aspiring local amateur anthropologists and professionals from Eastern universities; and the history of ethnographic museums in the European tradition. In closing, Stocking offers reflections on major tendencies in anthropology from the eighteenth century to the present.