OPC Unified Architecture


Author: Wolfgang Mahnke,Stefan-Helmut Leitner,Matthias Damm
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540688990
Category: Computers
Page: 339
View: 6196
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Motivation for This Book The OPC Foundation provides specifications for data exchange in industrial au- mation. There is a long history of COM/DCOM-based specifications, most pro- nent OPC Data Access (DA), OPC Alarms and Events (A&E), and OPC Historical Data Access (HDA), which are widely accepted in the industry and implemented by almost every system targeting industrial automation. Now the OPC Foundation has released a new generation of OPC specifications called OPC Unified Architecture (OPC UA). With OPC UA, the OPC Foundation fulfills a technology shift from the retiring COM/DCOM technology to a servi- oriented architecture providing data in a platform-independent manner via Web Services or its own optimized TCP-based protocol. OPC UA unifies the previous specifications into one single address space capable of dealing with current data, alarms and events and the history of current data as well as the event history. A remarkable enhancement of OPC UA is the Address Space Model by which v- dors can expose a rich and extensible information model using object-oriented techniques. OPC UA scales well from intelligent devices, controllers, DCS, and SCADA systems up to MES and ERP systems. It also scales well in its ability to provide information; on the lower end, a model similar to Classic OPC can be used, providing only base information, while at the upper end, highly sophisticated models can be described, providing a large amount of metadata including complex type hierarchies.

OPC

From Data Access to Unified Architecture
Author: Jürgen Lange,Frank Iwanitz,Thomas J. Burke
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783800732425
Category: Autmomatic control
Page: 441
View: 9888
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OPC stands for Openness, Productivity, and Collaboration, symbolizing the new possibilities opening up in automation technology. The main objective of the new OPC generation Unified Architecture is to facilitate global interoperability and to define an information and data-exchange mechanism that is service oriented, multivendor, and cross-platform capable - from the field device on the shop floor to the ERP system on the factory level. This book includes information on: - the birth, objectives, and fundamentals of OPC and OPC UA, - the technical specifications that currently exist and those that are in preparation, - the procedures for designing and implementing components, - a transparent presentation of the technology through application possibilities and examples, and - the outlook for the future of OPC and OPC UA. Important perspectives and updates in this new edition include - the new era and the exciting application possibilities developing with OPC UA, - the new OPC UA specifications, - the development of OPC products for Windows, Linux, and VxWorks, - companion standards like FDI (EDD, FDT), ADI, or PLCopen (IEC 61131-3), - new interoperability applications with SAP or Beckhoff Server embedded, and - migration strategies from Classic OPC to OPC UA. Fundamentals, implementation, and application of Classic OPC and OPC UA are discussed comprehensively in this book. CD-ROM: The included CD-ROM contains industrial OPC Server and OPC Client tools for evaluation, and also several demonstration programs for development, commissioning, testing, and for the simulation of OPC Clients and Servers. The OPC Toolbox is suitable for Windows NT/2000/XP/Vista, Windows 7, Windows CE, Linux, and VxWorks. Furthermore you will find videos and presentations of OPC UA.

OPC UA Unified Architecture

The Everyman's Guide to the Most Important Information Technology in Industrial Automation
Author: John Rinaldi
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781530505111
Category:
Page: 170
View: 6439
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What is OPC UA is a very simple question. The answer when you are discussing a complex technology architecture like OPC UA isn't as simple. OPC UA which I will refer to as UA throughout this book is the next generation of OPC technology. UA is a more secure, open, reliable mechanism for transferring information between Servers and Clients. It provides more open transports, better security and a more complete information model than OPC which I will refer to as OPC Classic. UA provides a very flexible and adaptable mechanism for moving data between Enterprise type systems and the kinds of controls, monitoring devices and sensors that interact with real world data.

Standardization in Smart Grids

Introduction to IT-Related Methodologies, Architectures and Standards
Author: Mathias Uslar,Michael Specht,Christian Dänekas,Jörn Trefke,Sebastian Rohjans,José M. González,Christine Rosinger,Robert Bleiker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642349161
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 250
View: 7720
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The first successful finished Smart Grid Prototype Projects deliver new requirements and best practices to meet them. These solutions will be the base for the upcoming norms and standards in the near future. This domain is not only part of one Standard developing Organization (SDO), but also of many different organizations like ITU, ISO, IEC and additionally for the electro mobility part the SAE. This results in many standards which are based on different aspects. Furthermore the European mirror organizations (ETSI,CEN, CENELEC) as well as the German mirror groups of these groups are involved, which are delivering further rules and adaption for the local market. Because of this diversity of organizations involved, it is difficult for the local companies (which includes energy utility, manufacturer and software producer specialized on integration) to identify the relevant trends, standardization groups and technologies necessary. With the EU Mandate M490 to CEN/CNELEC and TESI and the Commission being a driving force (e.g. ftp://ftp.cencenelec.eu/CENELEC/Smartgrid/SmartGridFinalReport.pdf and http://www.cenelec.eu/aboutcenelec/whatwedo/technologysectors/smartgrids.html) standardization becomes more and more important – but it’s complex and not easy to be understood. Here at OFFIS, we provide training but we are always asked for textbooks on our tranings. Based on our modules for the SG tranings, we would estimate the following chapters to be relevant to SG stakeholders in standardization (roughly 16-20 pages per chapter).

Standardization in Smart Grids

Introduction to IT-Related Methodologies, Architectures and Standards
Author: Mathias Uslar,Michael Specht,Christian Dänekas,Jörn Trefke,Sebastian Rohjans,José M. González,Christine Rosinger,Robert Bleiker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642349161
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 250
View: 3450
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The first successful finished Smart Grid Prototype Projects deliver new requirements and best practices to meet them. These solutions will be the base for the upcoming norms and standards in the near future. This domain is not only part of one Standard developing Organization (SDO), but also of many different organizations like ITU, ISO, IEC and additionally for the electro mobility part the SAE. This results in many standards which are based on different aspects. Furthermore the European mirror organizations (ETSI,CEN, CENELEC) as well as the German mirror groups of these groups are involved, which are delivering further rules and adaption for the local market. Because of this diversity of organizations involved, it is difficult for the local companies (which includes energy utility, manufacturer and software producer specialized on integration) to identify the relevant trends, standardization groups and technologies necessary. With the EU Mandate M490 to CEN/CNELEC and TESI and the Commission being a driving force (e.g. ftp://ftp.cencenelec.eu/CENELEC/Smartgrid/SmartGridFinalReport.pdf and http://www.cenelec.eu/aboutcenelec/whatwedo/technologysectors/smartgrids.html) standardization becomes more and more important – but it’s complex and not easy to be understood. Here at OFFIS, we provide training but we are always asked for textbooks on our tranings. Based on our modules for the SG tranings, we would estimate the following chapters to be relevant to SG stakeholders in standardization (roughly 16-20 pages per chapter).

Overview of Industrial Process Automation


Author: K.L.S. Sharma
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 012809303X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 492
View: 8916
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Overview of Industrial Process Automation, Second Edition, introduces the basics of philosophy, technology, terminology, and practices of modern automation systems through the presentation of updated examples, illustrations, case studies, and images. This updated edition adds new developments in the automation domain, and its reorganization of chapters and appendixes provides better continuity and seamless knowledge transfer. Manufacturing and chemical engineers involved in factory and process automation, and students studying industrial automation will find this book to be a great, comprehensive resource for further explanation and study. Presents a ready made reference that introduces all aspects of automation technology in a single place with day-to-day examples Provides a basic platform for the understanding of industry literature on automation products, systems, and solutions Contains a guided tour of the subject without the requirement of any previous knowledge on automation Includes new topics, such as factory and process automation, IT/OT Integration, ISA 95, Industry 4.0, IoT, etc., along with safety systems in process plants and machines

Semantic Service Integration for Smart Grids


Author: S. Rohjans,IOS Press
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1614993483
Category: Computers
Page: 476
View: 5989
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The scope of the research presented includes semantic-based integration of data services in smart grids achieved through following the proposed (S2)In-approach developed corresponding to design science guidelines. This approach identifies standards and specifications, which are integrated in order to build the basis for the (S2)In-architecture. A process model is introduced in the beginning, which serves as framework for developing the target architecture. The first step of the process stipulates to define requirements for smart grid ICT-architectures being derived from established studies and divided into two classes: architecture and non-functional requirements (NFR). Based on the architecture requirements, the following specifications have been basically selected: The IEC CIM representing a domain-specific data model, the OPC UA being a communication standard with special respects to information modeling, and WSMO as an approach to realize the concept of Semantic Web Services. The next step specifies to develop both, a semantic information model (integration of CIM and OPC UA) and semantic services (integration of CIM and WSMO). These two components are then combined to obtain the target architecture, which allows precise descriptions of services as well as their combination and semi-automatic execution. Finally, the NFR are considered in order to evaluate the architecture based on simulated, representative use cases.

Essential Software Architecture


Author: Ian Gorton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642191763
Category: Computers
Page: 242
View: 8243
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Job titles like “Technical Architect” and “Chief Architect” nowadays abound in software industry, yet many people suspect that “architecture” is one of the most overused and least understood terms in professional software development. Gorton’s book tries to resolve this dilemma. It concisely describes the essential elements of knowledge and key skills required to be a software architect. The explanations encompass the essentials of architecture thinking, practices, and supporting technologies. They range from a general understanding of structure and quality attributes through technical issues like middleware components and service-oriented architectures to recent technologies like model-driven architecture, software product lines, aspect-oriented design, and the Semantic Web, which will presumably influence future software systems. This second edition contains new material covering enterprise architecture, agile development, enterprise service bus technologies, RESTful Web services, and a case study on how to use the MeDICi integration framework. All approaches are illustrated by an ongoing real-world example. So if you work as an architect or senior designer (or want to someday), or if you are a student in software engineering, here is a valuable and yet approachable knowledge source for you.

Enabling Things to Talk

Designing IoT solutions with the IoT Architectural Reference Model
Author: Alessandro Bassi,Martin Bauer,Martin Fiedler,Thorsten Kramp,Rob van Kranenburg,Sebastian Lange,Stefan Meissner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642404030
Category: Computers
Page: 349
View: 7583
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The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging network superstructure that will connect physical resources and actual users. It will support an ecosystem of smart applications and services bringing hyper-connectivity to our society by using augmented and rich interfaces. Whereas in the beginning IoT referred to the advent of barcodes and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), which helped to automate inventory, tracking and basic identification, today IoT is characterized by a dynamic trend toward connecting smart sensors, objects, devices, data and applications. The next step will be “cognitive IoT,” facilitating object and data re-use across application domains and leveraging hyper-connectivity, interoperability solutions and semantically enriched information distribution. The Architectural Reference Model (ARM), presented in this book by the members of the IoT-A project team driving this harmonization effort, makes it possible to connect vertically closed systems, architectures and application areas so as to create open interoperable systems and integrated environments and platforms. It constitutes a foundation from which software companies can capitalize on the benefits of developing consumer-oriented platforms including hardware, software and services. The material is structured in two parts. Part A introduces the general concepts developed for and applied in the ARM. It is aimed at end users who want to use IoT technologies, managers interested in understanding the opportunities generated by these novel technologies, and system architects who are interested in an overview of the underlying basic models. It also includes several case studies to illustrate how the ARM has been used in real-life scenarios. Part B then addresses the topic at a more detailed technical level and is targeted at readers with a more scientific or technical background. It provides in-depth guidance on the ARM, including a detailed description of a process for generating concrete architectures, as well as reference manuals with guidelines on how to use the various models and perspectives presented to create a concrete architecture. Furthermore, best practices and tips on how system engineers can use the ARM to develop specific IoT architectures for dedicated IoT solutions are illustrated and exemplified in reverse mapping exercises of existing standards and platforms.

A Global History of Architecture


Author: Francis D. K. Ching,Mark M. Jarzombek,Vikramaditya Prakash
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111898160X
Category: Architecture
Page: 864
View: 535
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The gold-standard exploration of architecture's global evolution A Global History of Architecture provides a comprehensive tour through the ages, spinning the globe to present the landmark architectural movements that characterized each time period. Spanning from 3,500 b.c.e. to the present, this unique guide is written by an architectural all-star team who emphasize connections, contrasts and influences, reminding us that history is not linear and that everything was 'modern architecture' in its day. This new third edition has been updated with new drawings from Professor Ching, including maps with more information and color, expanded discussion on contemporary architecture, and in-depth chapter introductions that set the stage for global views. The all-new online enhanced companion site brings history to life, providing a clearer framework through which to interpret and understand architecture through the ages. Unique in its non-Eurocentrism, this book provides a fresh survey of architectural history with a truly global perspective, fulfilling the National Architectural Accrediting Board's requirements for 'non-Western' architecture in history education. Track the history of architecture through a comparative timeline that spans the globe Learn how disparate design styles evolved side-by-side, and which elements migrated where Delve into non-Western architecture with expert insight and an historical perspective Explore further with an online Interactive Resource Center featuring digital learning tools Escalating globalization has expanded our perspective of both history and architecture beyond Europe and the U.S. Today's architects are looking far beyond the traditional boundaries, and history shows us that structures' evolution from shelter to art mirrors the hopes and fears of society along the way. A Global History of Architecture takes you inside history itself to witness the the growth and movements that built our world.

OPC UA: the Basics

An OPC UA Overview for Those Who May Not Have a Degree in Embedded Programming
Author: John Rinaldi
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 9781482375886
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 76
View: 9818
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OPC UA: The Basics is an Everyman's overview of OPC UA. This is not a hardcore technical specification that digs down to the smallest bits and bytes of OPC UA. This is a high level overview of the protocol for someone without 20 years of experience in embedded programming. Perfect for a sales person, IT Professional or executive trying to figure out what OPC UA brings to the table. Join John Rinaldi (The Dr. Phil of Automation) as he breaks down the features of OPC UA and gives you insight into how this emerging technology is redefining the line between Automation and Enterprise Systems.

Forces of Production

A Social History of Industrial Automation
Author: David Noble
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351519603
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 427
View: 1833
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Focusing on the design and implementation of computer-based automatic machine tools, David F. Noble challenges the idea that technology has a life of its own. Technology has been both a convenient scapegoat and a universal solution, serving to disarm critics, divert attention, depoliticize debate, and dismiss discussion of the fundamental antagonisms and inequalities that continue to beset America. This provocative study of the postwar automation of the American metal-working industry—the heart of a modern industrial economy—explains how dominant institutions like the great corporations, the universities, and the military, along with the ideology of modern engineering shape, the development of technology. Noble shows how the system of "numerical control," perfected at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and put into general industrial use, was chosen over competing systems for reasons other than the technical and economic superiority typically advanced by its promoters. Numerical control took shape at an MIT laboratory rather than in a manufacturing setting, and a market for the new technology was created, not by cost-minded producers, but instead by the U. S. Air Force. Competing methods, equally promising, were rejected because they left control of production in the hands of skilled workers, rather than in those of management or programmers. Noble demonstrates that engineering design is influenced by political, economic, managerial, and sociological considerations, while the deployment of equipment—illustrated by a detailed case history of a large General Electric plant in Massachusetts—can become entangled with such matters as labor classification, shop organization, managerial responsibility, and patterns of authority. In its examination of technology as a human, social process, Forces of Production is a path-breaking contribution to the understanding of this phenomenon in American society.

Industrial Communication Systems


Author: Bogdan M. Wilamowski,J. David Irwin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439802823
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 962
View: 456
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The Industrial Electronics Handbook, Second Edition, Industrial Communications Systems combines traditional and newer, more specialized knowledge that helps industrial electronics engineers develop practical solutions for the design and implementation of high-power applications. Embracing the broad technological scope of the field, this collection explores fundamental areas, including analog and digital circuits, electronics, electromagnetic machines, signal processing, and industrial control and communications systems. It also facilitates the use of intelligent systems—such as neural networks, fuzzy systems, and evolutionary methods—in terms of a hierarchical structure that makes factory control and supervision more efficient by addressing the needs of all production components. Enhancing its value, this fully updated collection presents research and global trends as published in the IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics Journal, one of the largest and most respected publications in the field. Modern communication systems in factories use many different—and increasingly sophisticated—systems to send and receive information. Industrial Communication Systems spans the full gamut of concepts that engineers require to maintain a well-designed, reliable communications system that can ensure successful operation of any production process. Delving into the subject, this volume covers: Technical principles Application-specific areas Technologies Internet programming Outlook, including trends and expected challenges Other volumes in the set: Fundamentals of Industrial Electronics Power Electronics and Motor Drives Control and Mechatronics Intelligent Systems

Technological Developments in Networking, Education and Automation


Author: Khaled Elleithy,Tarek Sobh,Magued Iskander,Vikram Kapila,Mohammad A. Karim,Ausif Mahmood
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048191512
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 643
View: 6007
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Technological Developments in Networking, Education and Automation includes a set of rigorously reviewed world-class manuscripts addressing and detailing state-of-the-art research projects in the following areas: Computer Networks: Access Technologies, Medium Access Control, Network architectures and Equipment, Optical Networks and Switching, Telecommunication Technology, and Ultra Wideband Communications. Engineering Education and Online Learning: including development of courses and systems for engineering, technical and liberal studies programs; online laboratories; intelligent testing using fuzzy logic; taxonomy of e-courses; and evaluation of online courses. Pedagogy: including benchmarking; group-learning; active learning; teaching of multiple subjects together; ontology; and knowledge management. Instruction Technology: including internet textbooks; virtual reality labs, instructional design, virtual models, pedagogy-oriented markup languages; graphic design possibilities; open source classroom management software; automatic email response systems; tablet-pcs; personalization using web mining technology; intelligent digital chalkboards; virtual room concepts for cooperative scientific work; and network technologies, management, and architecture. Coding and Modulation: Modeling and Simulation, OFDM technology , Space-time Coding, Spread Spectrum and CDMA Systems. Wireless technologies: Bluetooth , Cellular Wireless Networks, Cordless Systems and Wireless Local Loop, HIPERLAN, IEEE 802.11, Mobile Network Layer, Mobile Transport Layer, and Spread Spectrum. Network Security and applications: Authentication Applications, Block Ciphers Design Principles, Block Ciphers Modes of Operation, Electronic Mail Security, Encryption & Message Confidentiality, Firewalls, IP Security, Key Cryptography & Message Authentication, and Web Security. Robotics, Control Systems and Automation: Distributed Control Systems, Automation, Expert Systems, Robotics, Factory Automation, Intelligent Control Systems, Man Machine Interaction, Manufacturing Information System, Motion Control, and Process Automation. Vision Systems: for human action sensing, face recognition, and image processing algorithms for smoothing of high speed motion. Electronics and Power Systems: Actuators, Electro-Mechanical Systems, High Frequency Converters, Industrial Electronics, Motors and Drives, Power Converters, Power Devices and Components, and Power Electronics.

Chinese Standard. GB; GB/T; GBT; JB; JB/T; YY; HJ; NB; HG; QC; SL; SN; SH; JJF; JJG; CJ; TB; YD; YS; NY; FZ; JG; QB; SJ; SY; DL; AQ; CB; GY; JC; JR; JT.

Product catalog - China National Standards & Industry Standards
Author: Wayne Zheng
Publisher: https://www.chinesestandard.net
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 6437
View: 1108
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This document provides the comprehensive list of Chinese National Standards and Industry Standards (Total 17,000 standards).

Industrial Internet of Things

Cybermanufacturing Systems
Author: Sabina Jeschke,Christian Brecher,Houbing Song,Danda B. Rawat
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319425595
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 715
View: 5399
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This book develops the core system science needed to enable the development of a complex industrial internet of things/manufacturing cyber-physical systems (IIoT/M-CPS). Gathering contributions from leading experts in the field with years of experience in advancing manufacturing, it fosters a research community committed to advancing research and education in IIoT/M-CPS and to translating applicable science and technology into engineering practice. Presenting the current state of IIoT and the concept of cybermanufacturing, this book is at the nexus of research advances from the engineering and computer and information science domains. Readers will acquire the core system science needed to transform to cybermanufacturing that spans the full spectrum from ideation to physical realization.

Collaborative Process Automation Systems


Author: Martin Hollender
Publisher: ISA
ISBN: 193600710X
Category: Computers
Page: 408
View: 8669
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Providing a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in Collaborative Process Automation Systems (CPAS), this book discusses topics such as engineering, security, enterprise connectivity, advanced process control, plant asset management, and operator efficiency. Collaborating with other industry experts, the author covers the system architecture and infrastructure required for a CPAS, as well as important standards like OPC and the ISA-95 series of standards. This in-depth reference focuses on the differences between a CPAS and traditional automation systems. Implications on modern automation systems are outlined in theory and practice. This book is ideal for industrial engineers, as well as graduate students in control and automation.

Internet of Things

Converging Technologies for Smart Environments and Integrated Ecosystems
Author: Peter Friess
Publisher: River Publishers
ISBN: 8792982735
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 364
View: 4427
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The book aims to provide a broad overview of various topics of the Internet of Things (IoT) from the research and development priorities to enabling technologies, architecture, security, privacy, interoperability and industrial applications. It is intended to be a stand-alone book in a series that covers the Internet of Things activities of the IERC - Internet of Things European Research Cluster - from technology to international cooperation and the global "state of play." The book builds on the ideas put forward by the European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda and presents views and state of the art results on the challenges facing the research, development and deployment of IoT at the global level. Today we see the integration of Industrial, Business and Consumer Internet which is bringing together the Internet of People, Internet of Things, Internet of Energy, Internet of Vehicles, Internet of Media, Services and Enterprises in forming the backbone of the digital economy, the digital society and the foundation for the future knowledge and innovation based economy. These developments are supporting solutions for the emerging challenges of public health, aging population, environmental protection and climate change, the conservation of energy and scarce materials, enhancements to safety and security and the continuation and growth of economic prosperity. Penetration of smartphones and advances in nanoelectronics, cyber-physical systems, wireless communication, software, and Cloud computing technology will be the main drivers for IoT development. The IoT contribution is seen in the increased value of information created by the number of interconnections among things and the transformation of the processed information into knowledge shared into the Internet of Everything. The connected devices are part of ecosystems connecting people, processes, data, and things which are communicating in the Cloud using the increased storage and computing power while attempting to standardize communication and metadata. In this context, the next generation of Cloud computing technologies will need to be flexible enough to scale autonomously, adaptive enough to handle constantly changing connections and resilient enough to stand up to the huge flows of data that will occur. In 2025, analysts forecast that there will be six devices per human on the planet, which means around 50 billion more connected devices over the next 12 years. The Internet of Things market is connected to this anticipated device growth from industrial Machine to Machine (M2M) systems, smart meters and wireless sensors. Internet of Things technology will generate new services and new interfaces by creating smart environments and smart spaces with applications ranging from Smart Cities, Smart Transport, Buildings, Energy, Grid, to Smart Health and Life.