Open Channel Hydraulics, River Hydraulic Structures and Fluvial Geomorphology

For Engineers, Geomorphologists and Physical Geographers
Author: Artur Radecki-Pawlik,Stefano Pagliara,Jan Hradecky
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351646907
Category: Science
Page: 508
View: 2723
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This book presents practical hydraulic and river engineering research along with fluvial geomorphological concepts, and links the theoretical and practical knowledge of people working every day with rivers, streams, and hydraulic structures to fluvial geomorphology. Besides providing a guide for professionals, this book also provides material for students to acquire the knowledge and skills to rehabilitate rivers, streams, and waterways.

Open Channel Hydraulics, River Hydraulics Structures and Fluvial Geomorphology


Author: Artur Radecki-Pawlik,Erik Hendrickson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781498730822
Category: Science
Page: 544
View: 8723
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This book presents practical hydraulic and river engineering research along with fluvial geomorphological concepts, and links the theoretical and practical knowledge of people working every day with rivers, streams, and hydraulic structures to fluvial geomorphology. Besides providing a guide for professionals, this book also provides material for students to acquire the knowledge and skills to rehabilitate rivers, streams, and waterways.

Practical Channel Hydraulics

Roughness, Conveyance and Afflux
Author: Donald W. Knight,Caroline McGahey,Rob Lamb,Paul Samuels
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203864182
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 460
View: 7876
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A technical reference guide and instruction text for the estimation of flood and drainage water levels in rivers, waterways and drainage channels. It is written as a user’s manual for the openly available innovative Conveyance and Afflux Estimation System (CES-AES) software, with which water levels, flows and velocities in channels can be calculated. The impact of factors influencing these levels and the sensitivity of channels to extreme levels can also be assessed. Approaches and solutions are focused on addressing environmental, flood risk and land drainage objectives. Practical Channel Hydraulics is the first reference guide that focuses in detail on estimating roughness, conveyance and afflux in fluvial hydraulics. With its universal approach and the application of metric units, both book and software serve an international audience of consultants and engineers dealing with river modelling, flood risk assessment, maintenance of watercourses and the design of drainage systems. Suited as course material for training graduate Master’s students in civil and environmental engineering or geomorphology who focus on river and flood engineering, as well as for professional training in flood risk management issues, open channel flow hydraulics and modelling. The CES-AES software development followed recommendations by practitioners and academics in the UK Network on Conveyance in River Flood Plain Systems, following the Autumn 2000 floods, that operating authorities should make better use of recent improved knowledge on conveyance and related flood (or drainage) level estimation. This led to a Targeted Programme of Research aimed at improving conveyance estimation and subsequent integration with other research on afflux at bridges and culverts at high flows. The CES-AES software tool aims to improve and assist with the estimation of: hydraulic roughness water levels (and corresponding channel and structure conveyance) flow (given slope); section-average and spatial velocities backwater profiles upstream of a known flow-head control e.g. weir (steady) afflux upstream of bridges and culverts uncertainty in water level The CES-AES software and tutorial are openly available at www.river-conveyance.net (see also Downloads & Updates tab).

Aquananotechnology

Global Prospects
Author: David E. Reisner,T. Pradeep
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0415621291
Category: Science
Page: 887
View: 9991
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The world’s fresh water supplies are dwindling rapidly—even wastewater is now considered an asset. By 2025, most of the world's population will be facing serious water stresses and shortages. Aquananotechnology: Global Prospects breaks new ground with its informative and innovative introduction of the application of nanotechnology to the remediation of contaminated water for drinking and industrial use. It provides a comprehensive overview, from a global perspective, of the latest research and developments in the use of nanotechnology for water purification and desalination methods. The book also covers approaches to remediation such as high surface area nanoscale media for adsorption of toxic species, UV treatment of pathogens, and regeneration of saturated media with applications in municipal water supplies, produced water from fracking, ballast water, and more. It also discusses membranes, desalination, sensing, engineered polymers, magnetic nanomaterials, electrospun nanofibers, photocatalysis, endocrine disruptors, and Al13 clusters. It explores physics-based phenomena such as subcritical water and cavitation-induced sonoluminescence, and fog harvesting. With contributions from experts in developed and developing countries, including those with severe contamination, such as China, India, and Pakistan, the book’s content spans a wide range of the subject areas that fall under the aquananotechnology banner, either squarely or tangentially. The book strongly emphasizes sorption media, with broad application to a myriad of contaminants—both geogenic and anthropogenic—keeping in mind that it is not enough for water to be potable, it must also be palatable.

Informatics, Networking and Intelligent Computing

Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Informatics, Networking and Intelligent Computing (INIC 2014), 16-17 November 2014, Shenzhen, China
Author: Jiaxing Zhang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1138026743
Category: Computers
Page: 284
View: 6999
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This proceedings volume contains selected papers presented at the 2014 International Conference on Informatics, Networking and Intelligent Computing, held in Shenzhen, China. Contributions cover the latest developments and advances in the field of Informatics, Networking and Intelligent Computing.

Rivers – Physical, Fluvial and Environmental Processes


Author: Paweł Rowiński,Artur Radecki-Pawlik
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319177192
Category: Science
Page: 613
View: 4877
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This book describes the domain of research and investigation of physical, chemical and biological attributes of flowing water, and it deals with a cross-disciplinary field of study combining physical, geophysical, hydraulic, technological, environmental interests. It aims to equip engineers, geophysicists, managers working in water-related arenas as well as advanced students and researchers with the most up to date information available on the state of knowledge about rivers, particularly their physical, fluvial and environmental processes. Information from various but also interrelated areas available in one volume is the main benefit for potential readers. All chapters are prepared by leading experts from the leading research laboratories from all over the world.

A View of the River


Author: Luna Bergere Leopold
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674937321
Category: Nature
Page: 298
View: 1195
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This volume presents a description of the river (a natural watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, a lake, a sea, or another river), including its shape, size, organization, and action, along with a consistent theory that explains much of the observed character of channels.

River Mechanics


Author: M.S. Yalin
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483287297
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 236
View: 8496
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Understanding the mechanism and behaviour of rivers flowing in alluvium is a most challenging subject. The conditions presented by a natural river are far from simple: the flow varies with location and time, and the granular structure and cohesive properties of the alluvium are rarely homogeneous. River Mechanics addresses this subject and aims to improve the understanding and formulation of the fluvial processes which occur in rivers. Topics covered include the interpretation of turbulence in the light of recent advances in the field, and current thinking on the regime concept.

Riparian Vegetation and Fluvial Geomorphology


Author: Sean J. Bennett,Andrew Simon
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
ISBN: 0875903576
Category: Science
Page: 282
View: 6501
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Water Science and Application Series, Volume 8. Riparian Vegetation and Fluvial Geomorphology presents important new perspectives for the experimentalist, the field practitioner, the theorist, and the modeler, offering a synthesis of scientific advances along with discussions of unresolved problems and research opportunities. The volume is structured in five sections.

Methods in Stream Ecology

Volume 1: Ecosystem Structure
Author: F. Richard Hauer,Gary A. Lamberti
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124165788
Category: Science
Page: 506
View: 4432
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Methods in Stream Ecology provides a complete series of field and laboratory protocols in stream ecology that are ideal for teaching or conducting research. This two part new edition is updated to reflect recent advances in the technology associated with ecological assessment of streams, including remote sensing. Volume focusses on ecosystem structure with in-depth sections on Physical Processes, Material Storage and Transport and Stream Biota. With a student-friendly price, this Third Edition is key for all students and researchers in stream and freshwater ecology, freshwater biology, marine ecology, and river ecology. This text is also supportive as a supplementary text for courses in watershed ecology/science, hydrology, fluvial geomorphology, and landscape ecology. Provides a variety of exercises in each chapter Includes detailed instructions, illustrations, formulae, and data sheets for in-field research for students Presents taxonomic keys to common stream invertebrates and algae Includes website with tables and a link from Chapter 22: FISH COMMUNITY COMPOSITION to an interactive program for assessing and modeling fish numbers Written by leading experts in stream ecology

Fluvial Processes in River Engineering


Author: Howard H. Chang
Publisher: Krieger Publishing Company
ISBN: 9781575243023
Category: River engineering
Page: 432
View: 9110
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River Engineering for Highway Encroachments

Highways in the River Environment
Author: U.s. Department of Transportation,Federal Highway Administration
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 9781508666509
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 648
View: 8502
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The Federal Highway Administration document "Highways in the River Environment - Hydraulic and Environmental Design Considerations" was first published in 1975, was revised in 1990, and is now issued as Hydraulic Design Series 6, "River Engineering for Highway Encroachments." This document has proven to be a singularly authoritative document for the design of highway associated hydraulic structures in moveable boundary waterways. This revised document incorporates many technical advances that have been made in this discipline since 1990. In addition, Hydraulic Engineering Circulars (HEC) 18, 20, and 23, have been published since 1990. This document and the HECs provide detailed guidance on stream instability, scour, and appropriate countermeasures. In HDS-6, hydraulic problems at stream crossings are described in detail and the hydraulic principles of rigid and moveable boundary channels are discussed. In the United States, the average annual damage related to hydraulic problems at highway facilities on the Federal-aid system is $40 million. Damages by streams can be reduced significantly by considering channel stability. The types of river changes to be carefully considered relate to: (1) lateral bank erosion; (2) degradation and aggradation of the streambed that continues over a period of years, and (3) natural short-term fluctuations of streambed elevation that are usually associated with the passage of floods. The major topics are: sediment transport, natural and human induced causes of waterway response, stream stabilization (bed and banks), hydraulic modeling and computer applications, and countermeasures. Case histories of typical human and natural impacts on waterways are analyzed.

An Introduction to Geological Structures and Maps


Author: George M. Bennison
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461596300
Category: Science
Page: 70
View: 9009
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Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow


Author: Hubert Chanson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080472974
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 650
View: 4376
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Since the publication of its first edition in 1999, 'The Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow' has been praised by professionals, academics, students and researchers alike as the most practical modern textbook on open channel flow available. This new edition includes substantial new material on hydraulic modelling, in particular addressing unsteady open channel flows. There are also many new exercises and projects, including a major new revision assignment. This innovative textbook contains numerous examples and practical applications, and is fully illustrated with photographs. Dr Chanson introduces the basic principles of open channel flow and takes readers through the key topics of sediment transport, hydraulic modelling and the design of hydraulic structures. ·Comprehensive coverage of the basic principles of key application areas of the hydraulics of open channel flow ·New exercises and examples added to aid understanding ·Ideal for use by students and lecturers in civil and environmental engineering

Fluvial Processes

2nd Edition
Author: Ana Maria Ferreira da Silva,M. Selim Yalin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351796259
Category: Science
Page: 266
View: 2284
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A stream flowing in alluvium deforms its bed surface, forming ripples, dunes, bars, etc., and, in many instances, it deforms its channel entirely, thereby creating meandering or braiding patterns. It could be said that, in general, an alluvial stream and its deformable boundary undergo a variety of fluvial processes leading to the emergence of a multitude of alluvial forms. This book concerns the physics and analytical treatment of various fluvial processes and the associated alluvial bed and plan forms listed above. Following an introductory chapter on the basics of turbulent flow and sediment transport, the book covers the origin, geometric characteristics and effects of bed forms, from small- to meso-scale (ripples, dunes, alternate and multiple bars); the initiation, geometry and mechanics of meandering streams; the computation of flow, bed deformation and the planimetric evolution of meandering streams; and braiding and delta formation. The book also covers the regime concept, the time-development of a stream towards its regime state, and the formulation of stable, or equilibrium, morphology. The book distinguishes itself by its comprehensive analysis and discussion of key processes involved in large-scale river morphodynamics. The book was written primarily for researchers and graduate students of hydraulic engineering, water resources and related branches of earth sciences, but it will also prove useful for river engineers and managers.

Geomorphology in the Anthropocene


Author: Andrew S. Goudie,Heather A. Viles
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316785262
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 6507
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The Anthropocene is a major new concept in the Earth sciences and this book examines the effects on geomorphology within this period. Drawing examples from many different global environments, this comprehensive volume demonstrates that human impact on landforms and land-forming processes is profound, due to various driving forces, including: use of fire; extinction of fauna; development of agriculture, urbanisation, and globalisation; and new methods of harnessing energy. The book explores the ways in which future climate change due to anthropogenic causes may further magnify effects on geomorphology, with respect to future hazards such as floods and landslides, the state of the cryosphere, and sea level. The book concludes with a consideration of the ways in which landforms are now being managed and protected. Covering all major aspects of geomorphology, this book is ideal for undergraduate and graduate students studying geomorphology, environmental science and physical geography, and for all researchers of geomorphology.

Fundamentals of Fluvial Geomorphology


Author: Ro Charlton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134313497
Category: Science
Page: 280
View: 626
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Rivers are significant geomorphological agents, they show an amazing diversity of form and behaviour and transfer water and sediment from the land surface to the oceans. This book examines how river systems respond to environmental change and why this understanding is needed for successful river management. Highly dynamic in nature, river channels adjust and evolve over timescales that range from hours to tens of thousands of years or more, and are found in a wide range of environments. This book provides a comprehensive overview of recent developments in river channel management, clearly illustrating why an understanding of fluvial geomorphology is vital in channel preservation, environmentally sensitive design and the restoration of degraded river channels. It covers: flow and sediment regimes: flow generation; flow regimes; sediment sources, transfer and yield channel processes: flow characteristics; processes of erosion and sediment transport; interactions between flow and the channel boundary; deposition channel form and behaviour: controls on channel form; channel adjustments; floodplain development; form and behaviour of alluvial and bedrock channels response to change: how channels have responded to past environmental change; impacts of human activity; reconstructing past changes river management: the fluvial hydrosystem; environmental degradation; environmentally sensitive engineering techniques; river restoration; the role of the fluvial geomorphologist. Fundamentals of Fluvial Geomorphology is an indispensable text for undergraduate students. It provides straightforward explanations for important concepts and mathematical formulae, backed up with conceptual diagrams and appropriate examples from around the world to show what they actually mean and why they are important. A colour plate section also shows spectacular examples of fluvial diversity.

Sedimentation Engineering

Processes, Measurements, Modeling, and Practice
Author: Marcelo H. GarcÁa
Publisher: ASCE Publications
ISBN: 0784471282
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1132
View: 3392
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Prepared by the ASCE Task Committee to Expand and Update Manual 54 of the Sedimentation Committee of the Environmental and Water Resources Institute of ASCE Sedimentation Engineering: Processes, Measurements, Modeling, and Practice presents extensive advances in methods of investigation, measurement, and analysis in the specialized field of sedimentation engineering. A supplement to the classic Sedimentation Engineering (Manual 54), this new volume not only documents the evolution of the field over a 50-year period, but also reports on the state of the practice. This manual addresses new topics in physical processes, measurements, modeling, and practice, mainly in the context of rivers and inland water bodies. With contributions from internationally recognized experts in various fields, MOP 110 will benefit hydrologists, geomorphologists, sedimentoloigists, land-use planners, and soil conservation specialists, as well as environmental, hydraulic, and agricultural engineers.

RIVER PROCESSES

An introduction to fluvial dynamics
Author: Andre Robert
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1444118927
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 4336
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River Processes deals primarily with flow and sediment dynamics in alluvial channels. It emphasises water flows (basic principles and characterisation), fluvial sediment, processes of erosion and sediment transport, bedforms that result from flow-bed sediment interactions in sand and gravel, flow and sedimentary processes in curved, braided and confluent channels, as well as aquatic habits. River Processes provides a comprehensive synthesis of current knowledge about physical processes in alluvial channels, with an emphasis on the recent work on flow-bed-sediment transport interactions. It is intended primarily for undergraduate students interested in fluvial studies as part of physical geography, earth sciences, environmental sciences and ecology courses. The textbook is fully illustrated throughout with line drawings and photographs.