Optical Media


Author: Friedrich Kittler,Anthony Enns
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745640915
Category: History
Page: 250
View: 4007
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Friedrich Kittler's lecture series provides a concise history of optical media from Renaissance linear perspective to late twentieth-century computer graphics. He begins by looking at European painting since the Renaissance in order to discern the principles according to which modern optical perception was organised. Kittler also discusses the development of various mechanical devices, like the camera obscura and the laterna magica, which were closely connected to the printing press and which played a pivotal role in the media war between the Reformation and the Counterreformation. After examining this history, Kittler then addresses the ways in which images were first stored and made to move through the development of photography and film. Kittler discusses the competitive relationship between photography and painting as well as between film and theater, as innovations like the Baroque proscenium or "picture-frame" stage evolved from elements that would later constitute cinema. The central question, however, is the impact of film on the ancient monopoly of writing, as it not only provoked new forms of competition for novelists but also fundamentally altered the status of books. In the final section, Kittler examines the development of electrical telecommunications and electronic image processing from television to computer simulations. In short, these lectures provide a comprehensive introduction to the history of image production, which is indispensable for anyone wishing to understand the prevailing audiovisual conditions of contemporary culture.

Light Propagation in Linear Optical Media


Author: Glen D. Gillen,Katharina Gillen,Shekhar Guha
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351831356
Category: Science
Page: 388
View: 9812
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Light Propagation in Linear Optical Media describes light propagation in linear media by expanding on diffraction theories beyond what is available in classic optics books. In one volume, this book combines the treatment of light propagation through various media, interfaces, and apertures using scalar and vector diffraction theories. After covering the fundamentals of light and physical optics, the authors discuss light traveling within an anisotropic crystal and present mathematical models for light propagation across planar boundaries between different media. They describe the propagation of Gaussian beams and discuss various diffraction models for the propagation of light. They also explore methods for spatially confining (trapping) cold atoms within localized light-intensity patterns. This book can be used as a technical reference by professional scientists and engineers interested in light propagation and as a supplemental text for upper-level undergraduate or graduate courses in optics.

Laser Beam Propagation in Nonlinear Optical Media


Author: Shekhar Guha,Leonel P. Gonzalez
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439866384
Category: Science
Page: 334
View: 8294
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"This is very unique and promises to be an extremely useful guide to a host of workers in the field. They have given a generalized presentation likely to cover most if not all situations to be encountered in the laboratory, yet also highlight several specific examples that clearly illustrate the methods. They have provided an admirable contribution to the community. If someone makes their living by designing lasers, optical parametric oscillators or other devices employing nonlinear crystals, or designing experiments incorporating laser beam propagation through linear or nonlinear media, then this book will be a welcome addition to their bookshelf." —Richard Sutherland, Mount Vernon Nazarene University, Ohio, USA Laser Beam Propagation in Nonlinear Optical Media provides a collection of expressions, equations, formulas, and derivations used in calculating laser beam propagation through linear and nonlinear media which are useful for predicting experimental results. The authors address light propagation in anisotropic media, oscillation directions of the electric field and displacement vectors, the walk-off angles between the Poynting and propagation vectors, and effective values of the d coefficient for biaxial, uniaxial, and isotropic crystals. They delve into solutions of the coupled three wave mixing equations for various nonlinear optical processes, including quasi-phase matching and optical parametric oscillation, and discuss focusing effects and numerical techniques used for beam propagation analysis in nonlinear media, and phase retrieval technique. The book also includes examples of MATLAB and FORTRAN computer programs for numerical evaluations. An ideal resource for students taking graduate level courses in nonlinear optics, Laser Beam Propagation in Nonlinear Optical Media can also be used as a reference for practicing professionals.

Applications of optical media


Author: Charles Oppenheim,Aslib
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 141
View: 2874
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Introduction to optical disc technology; The market for CD-ROM; The use made by information managers of CD-ROM products; Networking of CD-ROM; CD-ROM help desk; The uses off CD-ROM in business environments; CD-ROM and the eastern bloc; Multimedia - the personal growth machine.

Optical Media News and Information

OMNI.
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Optical data processing
Page: N.A
View: 2751
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Ghostly Apparitions

German Idealism, the Gothic Novel, and Optical Media
Author: Stefan Andriopoulos
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 1935408356
Category: History
Page: 235
View: 9657
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A media archaeology that traces connections between new media technologies and distinct cultural realms, considering topics that range from Kant's philosophy to somnambulist clairvoyants.

Resonant Optical Media

Exploring Soliton and Similariton Formation
Author: Soodeh Haghgoo Poorvali
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659329852
Category:
Page: 112
View: 7234
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Investigating the behavior of an atom in response to the applied electric field when the latter frequency is in resonance with the natural frequency of the atom is an interesting subject. Near resonance, some of the most interesting optical phenomena such as dispersion, and absorption are more pronounced. Moreover, considering resonant and near resonant interaction of light with two-level atoms, uncovers fascinating physical phenomena such as area theorem and self-induced transparency describing stable pulse propagation regimes in which the pulses maintain their identity. Existence of these optical structures in on-resonance optical media has not been investigated in detail. In this book, the on-resonance interaction of optical field with atoms is considered and the formation of several novel self-similar and kink waves in linear and nonlinear resonant media is discovered and theoretically explored. This book should be especially useful to professionals in Optics and Optoelectronics fields, or anyone else who may be considering utilizing near resonance optical structures such as similaritons, solitons, or optical kinks.

Certain Optical Disk Controller Chips and Chipsets and Products Containing Same, Including DVD Players and PC Optical Storage Devices, Inv. 337-TA-506


Author: N.A
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1457818256
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 4684
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Optical Properties of Nanostructured Random Media


Author: Vladimir M. Shalaev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540449485
Category: Science
Page: 454
View: 606
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The contributors to the book are world best experts in the optics of random media; they provide a state-of-the-art review of recent developments in the field including nonlinear optical and magneto-optical properties, Raman and hyper-Raman scattering, laser action, plasmon excitation and localized giant fields, imaging and spectroscopy of random media

Optische Medien

Berliner Vorlesung 1999
Author: Friedrich A. Kittler
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Mass media
Page: 331
View: 7080
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Library Policy for Preservation and Conservation in the European Community

Principles, Practices and the Contribution of New Information Technologies
Author: Alexander Wilson
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3111522679
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 144
View: 674
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Optical Data Storage

Phase-change media and recording
Author: Erwin R. Meinders,Andrei V. Mijiritskii,Liesbeth van Pieterson,Matthias Wuttig
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402042175
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 174
View: 6163
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This is an overview of recording principles, materials aspects, and applications of rewritable optical storage. Elements of data recording, including mark formation, eraseability, direct overwrite strategies, data quality and data stability are explained and extensively discussed. Throughout the book, a mark formation model is described and used to back-up measurement results and support the discussed applications. High-speed and dual-layer recording are analyzed in depth, with proposals to achieve higher performance.

Preservation of Historical Records


Author: N.A
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 108
View: 5749
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With discussion on how paper conservation procedures work, how they are put to use, and how deterioration may be prevented, this comprehensive volume examines how vast quantities of documentation can best be preserved. It provides detailed information and recommendations about various preservation methods, including mechanical copying, photographic film, magnetic recording, and optical disk recording, and on the expected useful lives of each. Also included are a method for scoring and assessing the condition of collections and a decision tree that provides a guide for orderly progress in preserving a collection of documents. Printed on permanent, acid-free paper.

Moving Media Storage Technologies

Applications & Workflows for Video and Media Server Platforms
Author: Karl Paulsen
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0240814487
Category: Computers
Page: 637
View: 3254
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Keep your media assets organized, searchable, protected, and immediately accessible with a clear understanding of the technical concepts and best practice workflows for deploying storage systems for media servers. Information is organized to focus on the principles of storage, collaborative workflow, compressed video and media formats, and associated topics that use file-based workflows. A thorough understanding of the technologies is provided, accompanied by numerous illustrations, tables, examples, glossaries, and additional reading suggestions.

Nonlinear Optical Properties of Materials


Author: Rashid A. Ganeev
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9400760221
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 244
View: 3862
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This book is mostly concerned on the experimental research of the nonlinear optical characteristics of various media, low- and high-order harmonic generation in different materials, and formation, and nonlinear optical characterization of clusters. We also demonstrate the inter-connection between these areas of nonlinear optics. Nonlinear optical properties of media such as optical limiting can be applied in various areas of science and technology. To define suitable materials for these applications, one has to carefully analyse the nonlinear optical characteristics of various media, such as the nonlinear refractive indices, coefficients of nonlinear absorption, saturation absorption intensities, etc. Knowing the nonlinear optical parameters of materials is also important for describing the propagation effects, self-interaction of intense laser pulses, and optimisation of various nonlinear optical processes. Among those processes one can admit the importance of the studies of the frequency conversion of coherent laser sources. The area of interest for nonlinear optical characterization of materials is also closely related with new field of nanostructures formation and application during laser-matter interaction. We show how the nonlinear optical analysis of materials leads to improvement of their high-order nonlinear optical response during the interaction with strong laser fields. Ablation-induced nanoparticles formation is correlated with their applications as efficient sources of coherent short-wavelength photons. From other side, recent achievements of harmonic generation in plasmas are closely related with the knowledge of the properties of materials in the laser plumes. All of these studies are concerned with the low-order nonlinear optical features of various materials. The novelty of the approach developed in present book is related with inter-connection of those studies with each other.

Nonlinear Phenomena Research Perspectives


Author: Charles W. Wang
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600215209
Category: Computers
Page: 454
View: 370
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Non-linear, or chaotic behaviour in real world systems has been reported in electronic circuits and communications systems, chemical reactions, biological behaviour. Applications include solitons, integrable systems, cellular automata, pattern formation, qualitative structure and bifurcation theory, onset of chaos and turbulence, analytic dynamics, and transport phenomena. This book presents important new research in this dynamic field.

Computer Organization And Architecture


Author: A.P.Godse,D.A.Godse
Publisher: Technical Publications
ISBN: 9788184317718
Category: Computer architecture
Page: 508
View: 9004
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Working at a Small-to-Medium Business or ISP, CCNA Discovery Learning Guide


Author: Allan Reid,Jim Lorenz
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 9780132877350
Category: Computers
Page: 792
View: 7055
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Working at a Small-to-Medium Business or ISP CCNA Discovery Learning Guide Working at a Small-to-Medium Business or ISP, CCNA Discovery Learning Guide is the official supplemental textbook for the Working at a Small-to-Medium Business or ISP course in the Cisco® Networking Academy® CCNA® Discovery curriculum version 4.1. The course, the second of four in the new curriculum, teaches networking concepts by applying them to a type of network you might encounter on the job in a small-to-medium business or ISP. After successfully completing the first two courses in the CCNA Discovery curriculum, you can choose to complete the CCENT® (Cisco Certified Entry Network Technician) certification exam, which would certify that you have developed the practical skills required for entry-level networking support positions and have an aptitude and competence for working with Cisco routers, switches, and Cisco IOS® Software. The Learning Guide, written and edited by instructors, is designed as a portable desk reference to use anytime, anywhere to reinforce the material from the course and organize your time. In addition, the book includes expanded coverage of CCENT/CCNA exam topics. The book’s features help you focus on important concepts to succeed in this course: Chapter Objectives—Review core concepts by answering the focus questions listed at the beginning of each chapter. Key Terms—Refer to the lists of networking vocabulary introduced and highlighted in context in each chapter. The Glossary defines each key term. Summary of Activities and Labs—Maximize your study time with this complete list of all associated exercises at the end of each chapter. Check Your Understanding—Evaluate your readiness with the end-of-chapter questions that match the style of questions you see in the online course quizzes. The answer key explains each answer. Challenge Questions and Activities—Apply a deeper understanding of the concepts with these challenging end-of-chapter questions and activities. The answer key explains each answer. Hands-on Labs—Master the practical, hands-on skills of the course by performing all the tasks in the course labs and additional challenge labs included in Part II of the Learning Guide. Allan Reid is the curriculum lead for CCNA and a CCNA and CCNP® instructor at the Centennial College CATC in Toronto, Canada. Jim Lorenz is an instructor and curriculum developer for the Cisco Networking Academy. How To—Look for this icon to study the steps you need to learn to perform certain tasks. Interactive Activities—Reinforce your understanding of topics with more than 30 different exercises from the online course identified through-out the book with this icon. The files for these activities are on the accompanying CD-ROM. Packet Tracer Activities— Explore and visualize networking concepts using Packet Tracer exercises interspersed throughout most chapters. The files for these activities are on the accompanying CD-ROM. Packet Tracer v4.1 software developed by Cisco is available separately. Hands-on Labs—Master the practical, hands-on skills of the course by working through all 42 course labs and 3 additional labs included in this book. The labs are an integral part of the CCNA Discovery curriculum; review the core text and the lab material to prepare for all your exams. Companion CD-ROM **See instructions within the ebook on how to get access to the files from the CD-ROM that accompanies this print book.** The CD-ROM includes Interactive Activities Packet Tracer Activity Files CCENT Study Guides IT Career Information Taking Notes Lifelong Learning

Autosolitons

A New Approach to Problems of Self-Organization and Turbulence
Author: B.S. Kerner,V.V. Osipov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792328162
Category: Science
Page: 672
View: 9344
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This monograph is devoted to an entirely new branch of nonlinear physics - solitary intrinsic states, or autosolitons, which form in a broad class of physical, chemical and biological dissipative systems. Autosolitons are often observed as highly nonequilibrium regions in slightly nonequilibrium systems, in many ways resembling ball lightning which occurs in the atmosphere. We develop a new approach to problems of self-organization and turbulence, treating these phenomena as a result of spontaneous formation and subsequent evolution of autosolitons. Scenarios of self-organization involve sophisticated interactions between autosolitons, whereas turbulence is regarded as a pattern of autosolitons which appear and disappear at random in different parts of the system. This monograph is the first attempt to provide a comprehensive summary of the theory of autosolitons as developed by the authors over the years of research. The monograph is comprised of three more or less autonomous parts. Part I deals with the physical nature and experimental studies of autosolitons and self organization in various physical systems: semiconductor and gas plasma, heated gas mixture, semiconductor structures, composite superconductors, optical and magnetic media, systems with uniformly generated combustion matter, distributed gas-discharge and electronic systems. We discuss feasibility of autosolitons in the form of highly nonequilibrium regions in slightly nonequilibrium gases and semiconductors, "hot" and "cold" regions in semiconductor and gas plasmas, static, pulsating and traveling combustion fronts.