Optimality Theory and Pragmatics


Author: Reinhard Blutner,Henk Zeevat
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN: 9781403901293
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 304
View: 1811
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Blutner and Zeevat's collection will be of particular interest to those exploring the interfaces of formal pragmatics with grammar, semantics, language, change, philosophy of language and cognitive psychology."--Jacket.

Optimality Theoretic Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics

From Uni- to Bidirectional Optimization
Author: Erin Zaroukian
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198757115
Category:
Page: 384
View: 3473
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This book investigates the morphosyntactic, semantic, and pragmatic properties of language, and the interactions between them, from the perspective of Optimality Theory. It integrates optimization processes into the formal and functional study of grammar, interpreting optimization as the result of conflicting, violable ranked constraints. Unlike previous work on the topic, this book also takes into account the question of directionality of grammar. A model of grammar in which optimization processes interact bidirectionally allows both language generation-the process of selecting the optimal form of a given meaning-and language interpretation-the process of optimal interpretation of a given form-to be taken into account. Chapters in this volume explore the consequences of both symmetric (unidirectional) and asymmetric (bidirectional) versions of Optimality Theory, investigating the syntax-semantics interface, first language acquisition, and sequential bilingual grammars. The volume presents cutting edge research in Optimality-Theoretic syntax and semantics, as well as demonstrating how optimization processes as modelled in this formalism serve as a viable approach for linguists and scholars in related fields.

Bidirectional Optimality Theory


Author: Anton Benz,Jason Mattausch
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027255636
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 279
View: 7400
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Bidirectional Optimality Theory (BiOT) emerged at the turn of the millennium as a fusion of Radical Pragmatics and Optimality Theoretic Semantics. It stirred a wealth of new research in the pragmatics-semantics interface and heavily influenced e.g. the development of evolutionary and game theoretic approaches. Optimality Theory holds that linguistic output can be understood as the optimized products of ranked constraints. At the centre of BiOT is the insight that this optimisation has to take place both in production and interpretation, and that the production-interpretation cycle has to lead back to the original input. BiOT is now generally interpreted as a description of diachronically stable and cognitively optimal form–meaning pairs. It found applications beyond the semantics-pragmatics interface in language acquisition, historical linguistics, phonology, syntax, and typology. This book provides a state of the art overview of these developments. It collects nine chapters by leading scientists in the field.

Bidirectional Optimality Theory


Author: Anton Benz,Jason Mattausch
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027255636
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 279
View: 1406
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Bidirectional Optimality Theory (BiOT) emerged at the turn of the millennium as a fusion of Radical Pragmatics and Optimality Theoretic Semantics. It stirred a wealth of new research in the pragmatics-semantics interface and heavily influenced e.g. the development of evolutionary and game theoretic approaches. Optimality Theory holds that linguistic output can be understood as the optimized products of ranked constraints. At the centre of BiOT is the insight that this optimisation has to take place both in production and interpretation, and that the production-interpretation cycle has to lead back to the original input. BiOT is now generally interpreted as a description of diachronically stable and cognitively optimal form–meaning pairs. It found applications beyond the semantics-pragmatics interface in language acquisition, historical linguistics, phonology, syntax, and typology. This book provides a state of the art overview of these developments. It collects nine chapters by leading scientists in the field.

Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics


Author: J.L. Mey
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080962986
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 1180
View: 8626
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Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics, Second Edition (COPE) is an authoritative single-volume reference resource comprehensively describing the discipline of pragmatics, an important branch of natural language study dealing with the study of language in it's entire user-related theoretical and practical complexity. As a derivative volume from Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, Second Edition, it comprises contributions from the foremost scholars of semantics in their various specializations and draws on 20+ years of development in the parent work in a compact and affordable format. Principally intended for tertiary level inquiry and research, this will be invaluable as a reference work for undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as academics inquiring into the study of meaning and meaning relations within languages. As pragmatics is a centrally important and inherently cross-cutting area within linguistics, it will therefore be relevant not just for meaning specialists, but for most linguistic audiences. Edited by Jacob Mey, a leading pragmatics specialist, and authored by experts The latest trends in the field authoritatively reviewed and interpreted in context of related disciplines Drawn from the richest, most authoritative, comprehensive and internationally acclaimed reference resource in the linguistics area Compact and affordable single volume reference format

Optimal communication


Author: Reinhard Blutner,Helen de Hoop,Petra Hendriks
Publisher: Center for the Study of Language and Inf
ISBN: 9781575865133
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 181
View: 2124
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Conversation tends to be much more effective than would seem possible with the imprecise and ambiguous medium of language. This book, the first devoted to Optimality Theoretic Semantics and bidirectional Optimality Theory, shows how communication combines aspects of semantics and pragmatics such as compositionality, the role of speaker and hearer, and the acquisition of meanings.

Pragmatics


Author: Noel Burton-Roberts
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9781403986993
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 267
View: 4176
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In this book, distinguished authors address a wide range of issues that have arisen in post-Gricean pragmatic theory.

A Romance Perspective on Language Knowledge and Use

Selected Papers from the 31st Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages (LRSL), Chicago, 19-22 April 2001
Author: Luis L?pez,Richard Cameron
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027247501
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 384
View: 1735
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Twenty-one articles from the 31st LSRL investigate cutting-edge issues and interfaces across phonology, pragmatics, sociolinguistics, semantics, and syntax in multiple dialects of such Romance languages as Catalan, French, Creole French, and Spanish, both old and modern. Research in Romance phonology moves from the quantitative and synchronic to cover issues of diachrony and Optimality theory. Work within pragmatics and sociolinguistics also explores the synchronic/diachronic link while topicalizing such issues as change of non-pro-drop Swiss French toward pro-drop status, scalar implicatures, speech acts, word order, and simplification in contexts of language contact. Finally, debates in linguistic theory are resumed in the work on syntax and semantics within both a Minimalist perspective and an Optimality framework. How do Catalan and French children acquire AGR and TNS? Can Basque Spanish be compared to topic-oriented Chinese? If Spanish preverbal subjects occur in an A-position, can Spanish no longer be compared to Greek?

Conflicts in Interpretation


Author: Petra Hendriks,Helen De Hoop,Irene Krämer,Henriette De Swart,Joost Zwarts
Publisher: Equinox
ISBN: 9781845534370
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 227
View: 6300
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Conflicts in Interpretation applies novel methods of constraint interaction, derived from connectionist theories and implemented in linguistics within the framework of Optimality Theory, to core semantic and pragmatic issues such as polysemy, negation, (in) definiteness, focus, anaphora, and rhetorical structure. It explores the hypothesis that a natural language grammar is a set of potentially conflicting constraints on forms and meanings. Moreover, it hypothesizes that competent language users not only optimize from an input form to the optimal output meaning for this form, or vice versa, but also consider the opposite direction of optimization, thus taking into account the speaker as a hearer and taking into account the hearer as a speaker. The book aims to show that such a bidirectional constraint-based grammar sheds new light on the relation between form and meaning, within a sentence as well as across sentence boundaries, within a single language as well as across languages, and within competent adult language users as well as during language development. An important dimension of the book is the structured investigation of issues at the interface of semantics with syntax and pragmatics, such as the effects of distinguishing between speaker's perspective and hearer's perspective in comprehension and production, stable and instable patterns of form and meaning across languages, and the development of a coherent pattern of form and meaning in children. Conflicts in Interpretation will be of interest to any researcher or advanced student in linguistics, cognitive science, language typology, or psycholinguistics who is interested in the capacity of our human mind to map meaning onto form, and form onto meaning.

Doing Optimality Theory

Applying Theory to Data
Author: John J. McCarthy
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444358057
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 328
View: 5047
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Doing Optimality Theory brings together examples and practical, detailed advice for undergraduates and graduate students working in linguistics. Given that the basic premises of Optimality Theory are markedly different from other linguistic theories, this book presents the analytic techniques and new ways of thinking and theorizing that are required. Explains how to do analysis and research using Optimality Theory (OT) - a branch of phonology that has revolutionized the field since its conception in 1993 Offers practical, in-depth advice for students and researchers in the field, presented in an engaging way Features numerous examples, questions, and exercises throughout, all helping to illustrate the theory and summarize the core concepts of OT Written by John J. McCarthy, one of the theory’s leading proponents and an instrumental figure in the dissemination and use of OT today An ideal guide through the intricacies of linguistic analysis and research for beginning researchers, and, by example, one which will lead the way to future developments in the field.

The Prague bulletin of mathematical linguistics


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Mathematical linguistics
Page: N.A
View: 8334
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Optimality Theory and Minimalism

Interface Theories
Author: Hans Broekhuis
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Potsdam
ISBN: 3940793612
Category: Grammar, Comparative and general
Page: 212
View: 5120
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Studies in English Literature

English number
Author: Bayard Taylor
Publisher: Edition Synapse
ISBN: 9784861661013
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 4205
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Constraints in Discourse 2


Author: Peter Kühnlein,Anton Benz,C. L. Sidner
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027254389
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 180
View: 6266
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Text is highly structured, and structured at a variety of levels. But what are the units of text, which levels are at stake, and what establishes the structure that binds the units together? This volume, just as the predecessor a spin off of one of the workshops on constraints in discourse, contains the most recent, thoroughly reviewed papers by specialists in the area that try to give answers to such questions. It helps deepening the understanding of a multiplicity of mechanisms and constraints that are at work during production and comprehension of well-formed discourse. Researchers from linguistics, both formal and psycholinguistics, artificial intelligence, and cognitive sciences will appreciate this book as a valuable resource for information and inspiration.

Yaqui coordination


Author: Constantino Martínez Fabián
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Yaqui language
Page: 286
View: 5097
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Encyclopedia of language & linguistics


Author: E. K. Brown,R. E. Asher,J. M. Y. Simpson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780080442990
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: N.A
View: 9107
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The Derivational Residue in Phonological Optimality Theory


Author: Ben Hermans,Marc van Oostendorp
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027227492
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 321
View: 8512
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Constraint-based frameworks such as Optimality Theory (OT) have significantly altered phonologists' views on the nature of derivations and their role in linguistic theory. Earlier frameworks of generative phonology were characterized by a fairly complicated theory of derivations, involving lexical levels, the cycle, and intrinsic and extrinsic rule ordering, among other things. OT in its standard form, on the other hand, represents a minimalist theory of derivations, recognizing only a direct mapping from input to output. This volume addresses questions from many different points of view by a number of outstanding scholars: Is this minimal theory sufficiently well-equipped to deal with the empirical complications of natural language or do we need a larger 'derivational residue' in our theory? What are the relevant facts and how can we deal with them? Are there any reasons to think that an OT-based approach to derivations may even be more successful than its rule-based competitors? The book also features an introduction into the general issues involved and an extensive bibliography.

Is the Best Good Enough?

Optimality and Competition in Syntax
Author: Pilar Barbosa
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262522496
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 450
View: 9679
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Recent developments in linguistic theory have led to a reconsideration of the role of optimality in the overall architecture of the grammar. Emerging from this research is the idea that different components of the grammar interact to yield the best choice from a set of candidate derivations. This idea departs from traditional approaches to the output of linguistic levels in generative grammar, in which rules, principles, and constraints interact to determine the grammatical status of each linguistic object independent of the status of possible competitors. In the past five years, interest in the linguistic role of optimality has been sparked by the sharpened notions of "economy" in Chomsky's Minimalist Program and by Prince and Smolensky's Optimality Theory, originally developed for phonology. Work on these ideas has raised many new questions. These include new versions of an old debate between constraints on derivations and constraints on representations, and entirely new questions about the nature of the candidate set, as well as questions about learnability and computability. Writing from a broad range of empirical and theoretical perspectives, the contributors to this volume examine the role of competition in syntax and in syntactic interfaces with semantics, phonology, and pragmatics, as well as implications for language acquisition and processing. Contributors: Peter Ackema, Eric J. Bakovic, Joan Bresnan, Kevin Broihier, Luigi Burzio, Noam Chomsky, Danny Fox, Edward Gibson, Jane Grimshaw, Yookyung Kim, Geraldine Legendre, Masanori Nakamura, Ad Neeleman, Mark Newson, David Pesetsky, Stanley Peters, Geoffrey Poole, Douglas Pulleyblank, Vieri Samek-Lodovici, Paul Smolensky, Bruce Tesar, William J. Turkel, Colin Wilson. A copublication of The MIT Press and MIT Working Papers in Linguistics.

Optimality Theory, Phonological Acquisition and Disorders


Author: Daniel A. Dinnsen,Judith A. Gierut
Publisher: Equinox Publishing (UK)
ISBN: 9781845531218
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 513
View: 551
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Focusing on the phonologies of children with functional (non-organic) speech disorders, this volume reports the latest findings in optimality theory, phonological acquisition and disorders. The book is based on typological, cross-sectional, longitudinal, and experimental evidence from over 200 children. It stands out because of the unique test case that the population offers to optimality theory, particularly with respect to puzzles of opacity, lawful orders of acquisition, and language learnability. Beyond its theoretical significance, this research holds clinical relevance for the assessment and treatment of disordered populations, most notably the systematic prediction of learning outcomes. This volume bridges the gap between theory and application by showing how each informs the other. It is intended for linguists, psychologists, speech pathologists, second-language instructors and those interested in the latest developments in phonological theory and its applied extensions.

Subject Clitics in the Northern Italian Dialects

A Comparative Study Based on the Minimalist Program and Optimality Theory
Author: Cecilia Goria
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402027389
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 288
View: 1737
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1. 0 INTRODUCTION This book provides an encompassing analysis of Subject Clitics (SCLs) by giving a detailed description of these elements in two varieties of Piedmontese, a Northern Italian Dialect: Astigiano and Turinese spoken in the areas of Asti and Turin respectively. It accounts for the structural position and function of these elements inside the computational system and for their morphological and distributional properties. It also provides an empirical and theoretical comparison between Piedmontese SCLs and SCLs in other Northern Italian Dialects (NIDs). of SCLs types in the NIDs have been regarded as Since the 1980s, the majority elements of agreement, in that they contribute to the realisation of subject verb agreement by expressing features of the subject similar, in a way, to verbal inflection. Nonetheless, SCLs are not to be assimilated to verbal affixes as they exhibit different properties. Most distinctively, they can be separated from the verb by other clitic elements and, in the case of the varieties considered here, SCLs are optional in all contexts and may be omitted in coordination. A more refined identification of SCLs separates SCLs which encode agreement features from those which do not and are related to pragmatic factors, as originally observed by Beninca (1994) with respect to the clitic a in Paduano The different morphological and syntactic properties that characterise SCLs across the NIDs have justified numerous accounts which regard them as head of their own projection.