Optimality Theory and Pragmatics


Author: Reinhard Blutner,Anne Bezuidenhout,Richard Breheny,Sam Glucksberg,Francesca Happé
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230501400
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 304
View: 4060
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Ten leading scholars provide exacting research results and a reliable and accessible introduction to the new field of optimality theoretic pragmatics. The book includes a general introduction that overviews the foundations of this new research paradigm. The book is intended to satisfy the needs of students and professional researchers interested in pragmatics and optimality theory, and will be of particular interest to those exploring the interfaces of formal pragmatics with grammar, semantics, philosophy of language, information theory and cognitive psychology.

Optimality Theoretic Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics

From Uni- to Bidirectional Optimization
Author: Erin Zaroukian
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198757115
Category:
Page: 384
View: 8446
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This book investigates the morphosyntactic, semantic, and pragmatic properties of language, and the interactions between them, from the perspective of Optimality Theory. It integrates optimization processes into the formal and functional study of grammar, interpreting optimization as the result of conflicting, violable ranked constraints. Unlike previous work on the topic, this book also takes into account the question of directionality of grammar. A model of grammar in which optimization processes interact bidirectionally allows both language generation-the process of selecting the optimal form of a given meaning-and language interpretation-the process of optimal interpretation of a given form-to be taken into account. Chapters in this volume explore the consequences of both symmetric (unidirectional) and asymmetric (bidirectional) versions of Optimality Theory, investigating the syntax-semantics interface, first language acquisition, and sequential bilingual grammars. The volume presents cutting edge research in Optimality-Theoretic syntax and semantics, as well as demonstrating how optimization processes as modelled in this formalism serve as a viable approach for linguists and scholars in related fields.

Bidirectional Optimality Theory


Author: Anton Benz,Jason Mattausch
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027255636
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 279
View: 4988
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Bidirectional Optimality Theory (BiOT) emerged at the turn of the millennium as a fusion of Radical Pragmatics and Optimality Theoretic Semantics. It stirred a wealth of new research in the pragmatics-semantics interface and heavily influenced e.g. the development of evolutionary and game theoretic approaches. Optimality Theory holds that linguistic output can be understood as the optimized products of ranked constraints. At the centre of BiOT is the insight that this optimisation has to take place both in production and interpretation, and that the production-interpretation cycle has to lead back to the original input. BiOT is now generally interpreted as a description of diachronically stable and cognitively optimal form–meaning pairs. It found applications beyond the semantics-pragmatics interface in language acquisition, historical linguistics, phonology, syntax, and typology. This book provides a state of the art overview of these developments. It collects nine chapters by leading scientists in the field.

Optimal communication


Author: Reinhard Blutner,Helen de Hoop,Petra Hendriks
Publisher: Center for the Study of Language and Inf
ISBN: 9781575865133
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 181
View: 3212
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Conversation tends to be much more effective than would seem possible with the imprecise and ambiguous medium of language. This book, the first devoted to Optimality Theoretic Semantics and bidirectional Optimality Theory, shows how communication combines aspects of semantics and pragmatics such as compositionality, the role of speaker and hearer, and the acquisition of meanings.

Pragmatics


Author: Noel Burton-Roberts
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9781403986993
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 267
View: 7309
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In this book, distinguished authors address a wide range of issues that have arisen in post-Gricean pragmatic theory.

A Romance Perspective on Language Knowledge and Use

Selected Papers from the 31st Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages (LRSL), Chicago, 19-22 April 2001
Author: Luis L?pez,Richard Cameron
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027247501
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 384
View: 4503
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Twenty-one articles from the 31st LSRL investigate cutting-edge issues and interfaces across phonology, pragmatics, sociolinguistics, semantics, and syntax in multiple dialects of such Romance languages as Catalan, French, Creole French, and Spanish, both old and modern. Research in Romance phonology moves from the quantitative and synchronic to cover issues of diachrony and Optimality theory. Work within pragmatics and sociolinguistics also explores the synchronic/diachronic link while topicalizing such issues as change of non-pro-drop Swiss French toward pro-drop status, scalar implicatures, speech acts, word order, and simplification in contexts of language contact. Finally, debates in linguistic theory are resumed in the work on syntax and semantics within both a Minimalist perspective and an Optimality framework. How do Catalan and French children acquire AGR and TNS? Can Basque Spanish be compared to topic-oriented Chinese? If Spanish preverbal subjects occur in an A-position, can Spanish no longer be compared to Greek?

The Prague bulletin of mathematical linguistics


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Mathematical linguistics
Page: N.A
View: 6601
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Studies in English Literature

English number
Author: Bayard Taylor
Publisher: Edition Synapse
ISBN: 9784861661013
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 1987
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Subject Clitics in the Northern Italian Dialects

A Comparative Study Based on the Minimalist Program and Optimality Theory
Author: Cecilia Goria
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402027389
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 288
View: 8920
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1. 0 INTRODUCTION This book provides an encompassing analysis of Subject Clitics (SCLs) by giving a detailed description of these elements in two varieties of Piedmontese, a Northern Italian Dialect: Astigiano and Turinese spoken in the areas of Asti and Turin respectively. It accounts for the structural position and function of these elements inside the computational system and for their morphological and distributional properties. It also provides an empirical and theoretical comparison between Piedmontese SCLs and SCLs in other Northern Italian Dialects (NIDs). of SCLs types in the NIDs have been regarded as Since the 1980s, the majority elements of agreement, in that they contribute to the realisation of subject verb agreement by expressing features of the subject similar, in a way, to verbal inflection. Nonetheless, SCLs are not to be assimilated to verbal affixes as they exhibit different properties. Most distinctively, they can be separated from the verb by other clitic elements and, in the case of the varieties considered here, SCLs are optional in all contexts and may be omitted in coordination. A more refined identification of SCLs separates SCLs which encode agreement features from those which do not and are related to pragmatic factors, as originally observed by Beninca (1994) with respect to the clitic a in Paduano The different morphological and syntactic properties that characterise SCLs across the NIDs have justified numerous accounts which regard them as head of their own projection.

Is the Best Good Enough?

Optimality and Competition in Syntax
Author: Pilar Barbosa
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262522496
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 450
View: 8664
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Recent developments in linguistic theory have led to a reconsideration of the role of optimality in the overall architecture of the grammar. Emerging from this research is the idea that different components of the grammar interact to yield the best choice from a set of candidate derivations. This idea departs from traditional approaches to the output of linguistic levels in generative grammar, in which rules, principles, and constraints interact to determine the grammatical status of each linguistic object independent of the status of possible competitors. In the past five years, interest in the linguistic role of optimality has been sparked by the sharpened notions of "economy" in Chomsky's Minimalist Program and by Prince and Smolensky's Optimality Theory, originally developed for phonology. Work on these ideas has raised many new questions. These include new versions of an old debate between constraints on derivations and constraints on representations, and entirely new questions about the nature of the candidate set, as well as questions about learnability and computability. Writing from a broad range of empirical and theoretical perspectives, the contributors to this volume examine the role of competition in syntax and in syntactic interfaces with semantics, phonology, and pragmatics, as well as implications for language acquisition and processing. Contributors: Peter Ackema, Eric J. Bakovic, Joan Bresnan, Kevin Broihier, Luigi Burzio, Noam Chomsky, Danny Fox, Edward Gibson, Jane Grimshaw, Yookyung Kim, Geraldine Legendre, Masanori Nakamura, Ad Neeleman, Mark Newson, David Pesetsky, Stanley Peters, Geoffrey Poole, Douglas Pulleyblank, Vieri Samek-Lodovici, Paul Smolensky, Bruce Tesar, William J. Turkel, Colin Wilson. A copublication of The MIT Press and MIT Working Papers in Linguistics.

Optimality Theory and Minimalism

Interface Theories
Author: Hans Broekhuis
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Potsdam
ISBN: 3940793612
Category: Grammar, Comparative and general
Page: 212
View: 5403
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Potential Questions at the Semantics-Pragmatics Interface


Author: Edgar Onea
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004217932
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 400
View: 805
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In Potential Questions at the Semantics-Pragmatics Interface Edgar Onea proposes a novel theory of the role of the question under discussion in the interpretation of indefinites, appositives and further grammatical constructions.

Beyond Words

Content, Context, and Inference
Author: Frank Liedtke,Cornelia Schulze
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 1614512779
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 346
View: 6698
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In pragmatics, it is widely accepted that the overall meaning of an utterance performed as part of a verbal interchange is basically underdetermined by the meaning of the sentence uttered. What counts as having been said for most contemporary authors goes far beyond sentence meaning. Rather, it has to be considered as a complex utterance level combining semantic knowledge and context-driven, pragmatic information as an integrated whole. The focus of the present book lies on central questions about the nature, the function and the acquisition of pragmatic inferencing strategies. The question of the relation between the explicit and the implicit side of verbal communication and its mutual delimitation is addressed. What is the character of pragmatic inferences, wherever they may be situated in a descriptive model? Are they nonce inferences arising anew in each act of communication, or do we have to conceive of them as based on regularities and conventions? What is an adequate model of the acquisition of the skills which are relevant for mastering the inferential processes leading to an adequate interpretation of utterances? And what is the relation between a theory of pragmatic enrichment and optimality theory with an OT pragmatics as a possible result?

Encyclopedia of language & linguistics


Author: E. K. Brown,R. E. Asher,J. M. Y. Simpson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780080442990
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: N.A
View: 2681
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PP-Extractions. A study on the relationship between grammar and pragmatics


Author: Claudia Schmellentin
Publisher: Max Niemeyer Verlag
ISBN: N.A
Category: German language
Page: 198
View: 9792
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In dieser Arbeit wird zum einen die Distribution der Extraktion von Prapositionalattributen beschrieben, zum anderen wird eine Theorie vorgeschlagen, die diese erklart. Die Beschreibung des Phanomens zeigt, dass es primar von grammatischen Prinzipien gesteuert ist, dass es jedoch auch durch kontextuelle und damit pragmatische Faktoren beeinflusst wird. Im Rahmen der Optimalitatstheorie gelingt es, diese zunachst unvereinbar scheinenden Faktoren durch ein einheitliches Modell zu erfassen. Die Arbeit tragt somit zum besseren Verstandnis der Interaktion grammatischer und pragmatischer Prinzipien bei.

Conflicts in Interpretation


Author: Petra Hendriks,Helen De Hoop,Irene Krämer,Henriette De Swart,Joost Zwarts
Publisher: Equinox
ISBN: 9781845534370
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 227
View: 6317
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Conflicts in Interpretation applies novel methods of constraint interaction, derived from connectionist theories and implemented in linguistics within the framework of Optimality Theory, to core semantic and pragmatic issues such as polysemy, negation, (in) definiteness, focus, anaphora, and rhetorical structure. It explores the hypothesis that a natural language grammar is a set of potentially conflicting constraints on forms and meanings. Moreover, it hypothesizes that competent language users not only optimize from an input form to the optimal output meaning for this form, or vice versa, but also consider the opposite direction of optimization, thus taking into account the speaker as a hearer and taking into account the hearer as a speaker. The book aims to show that such a bidirectional constraint-based grammar sheds new light on the relation between form and meaning, within a sentence as well as across sentence boundaries, within a single language as well as across languages, and within competent adult language users as well as during language development. An important dimension of the book is the structured investigation of issues at the interface of semantics with syntax and pragmatics, such as the effects of distinguishing between speaker's perspective and hearer's perspective in comprehension and production, stable and instable patterns of form and meaning across languages, and the development of a coherent pattern of form and meaning in children. Conflicts in Interpretation will be of interest to any researcher or advanced student in linguistics, cognitive science, language typology, or psycholinguistics who is interested in the capacity of our human mind to map meaning onto form, and form onto meaning.

Linguistics


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Linguistics
Page: N.A
View: 8437
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Constraint Solving and Language Processing

7th International Workshop, CSLP 2012, Orléans, France, September 13-14, 2012, Revised Selected Papers
Author: Denys Duchier,Yannick Parmentier
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642415784
Category: Mathematics
Page: 179
View: 1325
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The Constraint Solving and Language Processing (CSLP) workshop considers the role of constraints in the representation of language and the implementation of language processing applications. This theme should be interpreted inclusively: it includes contributions from linguistics, computer science, psycholinguistics and related areas, with a particular interest in interdisciplinary perspectives. Constraints are widely used in linguistics, computer science, and psychology. How they are used, however, varies widely according to the research domain: knowledge representation, cognitive modelling, problem solving mechanisms, etc. These different perspectives are complementary, each one adding a piece to the puzzle.

The Phonology of Catalan


Author: Max Wheeler
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199258147
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 387
View: 7400
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This is the most comprehensive account of Catalan phonology ever published. Approaching the subject a pragmatic version of orthodox Optimality Theory it describes the Spanish and French dialects of Catalan and the social and stylistic variations within them. This is likely to be the standard account of its subject for many years.

Language Acquisition and Development

Proceedings of GALA 2007
Author: Anna Gavarró,M. João Freitas
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 144381590X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 520
View: 4807
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This volume gathers fifty papers from the conference Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition, GALA 2007, celebrated in Barcelona between the 6th and 8th of September, 2007. It covers the areas of syntax and phonology of child language from the theoretical perspective of generative grammar – the theoretical outlook which first placed language acquisition at the centre of linguistic inquiry.