Optimality Theory, Phonological Acquisition and Disorders

Author: Daniel A. Dinnsen,Judith A. Gierut
Publisher: Equinox Publishing (UK)
ISBN: 9781845531218
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 513
View: 1508
Focusing on the phonologies of children with functional (non-organic) speech disorders, this volume reports the latest findings in optimality theory, phonological acquisition and disorders. The book is based on typological, cross-sectional, longitudinal, and experimental evidence from over 200 children. It stands out because of the unique test case that the population offers to optimality theory, particularly with respect to puzzles of opacity, lawful orders of acquisition, and language learnability. Beyond its theoretical significance, this research holds clinical relevance for the assessment and treatment of disordered populations, most notably the systematic prediction of learning outcomes. This volume bridges the gap between theory and application by showing how each informs the other. It is intended for linguists, psychologists, speech pathologists, second-language instructors and those interested in the latest developments in phonological theory and its applied extensions.

Unusual Productions in Phonology

Universals and Language-Specific Considerations
Author: Mehmet Yavas
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317587286
Category: Psychology
Page: 268
View: 8595
The universalist view that acquisition of phonology is guided by universal principles has been the dominant position for decades. More recently, an alternative view has brought into focus the relationship between developmental markedness and language-specific input frequencies. With entirely original chapters on non-ambient-like productions by typically and atypically developing children, and second language learners, Unusual Productions in Phonology delves deeply into these competing explanations to show that patterns observed do not uniquely lend themselves to one or the other explanations. Rather, they point towards the need for both universal markedness and statistical input considerations in any attempted explanation. Containing contributions from leading researchers from around the world, this impressive collection is a must-have resource for any researcher, practitioner, or advanced student specializing in phonology, cognitive psychology, applied linguistics, and communication disorders.

Perspectives on Phonological Theory and Development

In honor of Daniel A. Dinnsen
Author: Ashley W. Farris-Trimble,Jessica A. Barlow
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027270546
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 256
View: 3686
Any theory of phonology must be able to account for the acquisition and development of a phonological system, and studying acquisition often leads to reciprocal advances in the theory. This volume explores the link between phonological theory and linguistic development from a variety of angles, including phonological representation, individual differences, and cross-linguistic approaches. Chapters touch on the full spectrum of phonological development, from childhood to adult second-language learning, and from developing dialects to language death. Contributors are leading researchers in the fields of linguistics, speech pathology, and cognitive psychology. A tribute to Daniel A. Dinnsen, the papers in this volume complement his research career by highlighting significant contributions of acquisition research to the development of phonological theory.

Strength Relations in Phonology

Author: Kuniya Nasukawa,Phillip Backley
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110218593
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 408
View: 9556
This collection of papers focuses on the general theme of phonological strength, bringing together current work being undertaken in a variety of leading theoretical frameworks. Its aim is to show how referring directly to strength relations can facilitate explanation in different parts of the phonological grammar. The papers introduce illuminating data from a wide range of languages including English, Dutch, German, Greek, Japanese, Bambara, Yuhup, Nivkh, Sesotho and other Bantu systems, demonstrating how strength differences are central to the analysis of phonological patterning not only in well-documented cases of segmental asymmetry but also in other areas of description including language acquisition, pitch accent patterns and tonal phenomena. All of the contributors agree on the need for a phonological (as opposed to a phonetic) approach to the question of strength differences, and show how a strength-based analysis may proceed in various theoretical models including Dependency Phonology, Government Phonology, Strict CV Phonology and Optimality Theory. Many of the papers develop a structural account of their data, in which strength relations are understood to reflect asymmetric licensing relations holding between units in representations. The volume provides a snapshot of current thinking on the question of strength in phonology. The range of language data and theoretical contexts it explores give a clear indication that phonological strength acts as a common thread to unite a range of apparently unrelated patterns and processes.

Principles of Clinical Phonology

Theoretical Approaches
Author: Martin J. Ball
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317368770
Category: Psychology
Page: 230
View: 2521
Those working on the description of disordered speech are bound to be also involved with clinical phonology to some extent. This is because interpreting the speech signal is only the first step to an analysis. Describing the organization and function of a speech system is the next step. However, it is here that phonologists differ in their descriptions, as there are many current approaches in modern linguistics to undertaking phonological analyses of both normal and disordered speech. Much of the work in theoretical phonology of the last fifty years or so is of little use in either describing disordered speech or explaining it. This is because the dominant theoretical approach in linguists as a whole attempts elegant descriptions of linguistic data, not a psycholinguistic model of what speakers do when they speak. The latter is what is needed in clinical phonology. In this text, Martin J. Ball addresses these issues in an investigation of what principles should underlie a clinical phonology. This is not, however, simply another manual on how to do phonological analyses of disordered speech data, though examples of the application of various models of phonology to such data are provided. Nor is this a guide on how to do therapy, though a chapter on applications is included. Rather, this is an exploration of what theoretical underpinnings are best suited to describing, classifying, and treating the wide range of developmental and acquired speech disorders encountered in the speech-language pathology clinic.

Children's Speech Sound Disorders

Author: Caroline Bowen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118634012
Category: Medical
Page: 496
View: 2165
Speaking directly to experienced and novice clinicians,educators and students in speech-language pathology/speech andlanguage therapy via an informative essay-based approach,Children’s Speech Sound Disorders provides concise,easy-to-understand explanations of key aspects of theclassification, assessment, diagnosis and treatment of articulationdisorders, phonological disorders and childhood apraxia ofspeech. It also includes a range of searching questions tointernational experts on their work in the child speech field. This new edition of Children’s Speech SoundDisorders is meticulously updated and expanded. It includes new material on Apps, assessing and treatingtwo-year-olds, children acquiring languages other than English andworking with multilingual children, communities of practice incommunication sciences and disorders, distinguishing delay fromdisorder, linguistic sciences, counselling and managing difficultbehaviour, and the neural underpinnings of and new approaches totreating CAS. This bestselling guide includes: Case vignettes and real-world examples to place topics incontext Expert essays by sixty distinguished contributors A companion website for instructors atwww.wiley.com/go/bowen/speechlanguagetherapy and a range ofsupporting materials on the author’s own site atspeech-language-therapy.com Drawing on a range of theoretical, research and clinicalperspectives and emphasising quality client care and evidence-basedpractice, Children’s Speech Sound Disorders is acomprehensive collection of clinical nuggets, hands-on strategies,and inspiration.

Focus on Phonological Acquisition

Author: S. J. Hannahs,Martha Young-Scholten
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 902722482X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 298
View: 846
The publication of this edited volume comes at a time when interest in the acquisition of phonology by both children learning a first language and adults learning a second is starting to swell. The ten contributions, from established scholars and relative newcomers alike, provide a comprehensive demonstration of the progress being made in the field through the theory-based analysis of both spontaneous and experimental acquisition data involving a number of first and second languages including English, French, German, Korean, Polish and Spanish. Aimed at those active in phonology and its acquisition, yet written to be accessible to the non-specialist as well, the volume carefully lays out the various theoretical frameworks in which the authors work such as Feature Geometry, Lexical Phonology, Non-Linear Phonology, Prosodic Phonology, and Optimality Theory.

Phonological Acquisition

Child Language and Constraint-Based Grammar
Author: Anne-Michelle Tessier
Publisher: Palgrave
ISBN: 113754306X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 440
View: 8470
How do children learn to produce speech? What kinds of errors do they make along the way? What can those errors teach us about phonological theory? In this comprehensive introduction, Anne-Michelle Tessier examines how we acquire the sounds and sound patterns of language. Analyzing child speech patterns and their analogues among adult languages while also teaching the basics of Optimality Theory, this novel textbook will help students develop a broad grammatical understanding of phonological acquisition. Phonological Acquisition provides • evidence to support theory from multiple language families, populations and data collection methods • connections to lexical, morphological and perceptual learning • a wealth of exercises to guide readers through Optimality Theory reasoning and implementation Assuming only a basic knowledge of phonology, this textbook is aimed at students of linguistics, developmental psychology, speech pathology and communication disorders. It will also be of interest to professional psychologists, acquisition researchers, clinicians, and anyone concerned with child speech development.

Phonology for Communication Disorders

Author: Martin J. Ball,Nicole Muller,Ben Rutter
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317716841
Category: Psychology
Page: 275
View: 7093
This textbook describes the approaches to phonology that are most relevant to communication disorders. It examines schools of thought in theoretical phonology, and their relevance to description, explanation and remediation in the clinical context. A recurring theme throughout the book is the distinction between phonological theories that attempt elegant, parsimonious descriptions of phonological data, and those that attempt to provide a psycholinguistic model of speech production and perception. This book introduces all the relevant areas of phonology to the students and practitioners of speech-language pathology and is a companion volume to the authors’ Phonetics for Communication Disorders.

Papers in Laboratory Phonology V

Acquisition and the Lexicon
Author: Michael B. Broe,Janet B. Pierrehumbert
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521643634
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 400
View: 8489
This volume of the series integrates core areas of laboratory phonology with psycholinguistic themes.

The New Phonologies

Developments in Clinical Linguistics
Author: Martin J. Ball,Raymond D. Kent
Publisher: Singular
ISBN: 9781565930827
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 272
View: 7758
CONTENTSIntroduction: Phonetics for Clinical Phonologies. Generative Phonology. Natural Phonology. Nonsegmental Phonologies. Monovalent Phonologies: Dependency Phonology and an Introduction to Government Phonology. Grounded Phonology: Application to the Analysis of Disordered Speech. Optimality Theory. Gestural Phonology: Basic Concepts and Applications in Speech-Language Pathology. Index.

Kindersprache, Aphasie und allgemeine Lautgesetze

Author: Roman Jakobson
Publisher: N.A
Category: Education
Page: 142
View: 5585

Textkorpora 2

Kindersprache. Texte italienischer und türkischer Kinder zum ungesteuerten Zweitspracherwerb. Mit Vergleichstexten deutscher Kinder
Author: Rainer Rath,Hubert Immesberger,Josef Schu
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110911337
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 367
View: 8729

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics

Author: Dirk Geeraerts,Hubert Cuyckens
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199890021
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 1368
View: 1851
The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics presents a comprehensive overview of the main theoretical concepts and descriptive/theoretical models of Cognitive Linguistics, and covers its various subfields, theoretical as well as applied. The first twenty chapters give readers the opportunity to acquire a thorough knowledge of the fundamental analytic concepts and descriptive models of Cognitive Linguistics and their background. The book starts with a set of chapters discussing different conceptual phenomena that are recognized as key concepts in Cognitive Linguistics: prototypicality, metaphor, metonymy, embodiment, perspectivization, mental spaces, etc. A second set of chapters deals with Cognitive Grammar, Construction Grammar, and Word Grammar, which, each in their own way, bring together the basic concepts into a particular theory of grammar and a specific model for the description of grammatical phenomena. Special attention is given to the interrelation between Cognitive and Construction Grammar. A third set of chapters compares Cognitive Linguistics with other forms of linguistic research (functional linguistics, autonomous linguistics, and the history of linguistics), thus giving a readers a better grip on the position of Cognitive Linguistics within the landscape of linguistics at large. The remaining chapters apply these basic notions to various more specific linguistic domains, illustrating how Cognitive Linguistics deals with the traditional linguistic subdomains (phonology, morphology, lexicon, syntax, text and discourse), and demonstrating how it handles linguistic variation and change. Finally they consider its importance in the domain of Applied Linguistics, and look at interdisciplinary links with research fields such as philosophy and psychology. With a well-known cast of contributors from around the world, this reference work will be of interest to researchers and advanced students in (cognitive) linguistics, psychology, cognitive science, and anthropology.

Phonology in Perception

Author: Paul Boersma,Silke Hamann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110219220
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 318
View: 9555
Review text: "This volume contains exciting and potentially valuable new contributions that attempts to expand our understanding of the role of phonology and phonetics in speech perception. This volume has much to contribute for not just linguistics, but psycholinguistics more generally, and so concepts contained in this volume should form the basis of many discussions in future speech perception studies."Andrew Blyth in: Linguist List 21.3465.

Audiatur Vox Sapientiae

A Festschrift for Arnim von Stechow
Author: Caroline Féry,Wolfgang Sternefeld
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3050080116
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 540
View: 2478

Eltern und Kinder - Freunde oder Feinde?

Author: Rudolf Dreikurs,Erik Blumenthal
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783608940282
Page: 376
View: 9242

Typologie des Argumentlinkings

Ökonomie und Expressivität
Author: Barbara Stiebels
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3050080175
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 292
View: 5472
Die vorliegende Arbeit ist ein Versuch, die verschiedenen Aspekte des Linkings, zu denen die Autorin insbesondere Linkerinventare, Linkingsplits und Diathesen zählt, aus der Perspektive der Ökonomie und Expressivität zu erfassen und daraus eine Typologie des Argumentlinkings zu entwickeln.