Optimality Theory, Phonological Acquisition and Disorders

Author: Daniel A. Dinnsen,Judith A. Gierut
Publisher: Equinox Publishing (UK)
ISBN: 9781845531218
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 513
View: 8436
Focusing on the phonologies of children with functional (non-organic) speech disorders, this volume reports the latest findings in optimality theory, phonological acquisition and disorders. The book is based on typological, cross-sectional, longitudinal, and experimental evidence from over 200 children. It stands out because of the unique test case that the population offers to optimality theory, particularly with respect to puzzles of opacity, lawful orders of acquisition, and language learnability. Beyond its theoretical significance, this research holds clinical relevance for the assessment and treatment of disordered populations, most notably the systematic prediction of learning outcomes. This volume bridges the gap between theory and application by showing how each informs the other. It is intended for linguists, psychologists, speech pathologists, second-language instructors and those interested in the latest developments in phonological theory and its applied extensions.

Unusual Productions in Phonology

Universals and Language-Specific Considerations
Author: Mehmet Yavas
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317587286
Category: Psychology
Page: 268
View: 7849
The universalist view that acquisition of phonology is guided by universal principles has been the dominant position for decades. More recently, an alternative view has brought into focus the relationship between developmental markedness and language-specific input frequencies. With entirely original chapters on non-ambient-like productions by typically and atypically developing children, and second language learners, Unusual Productions in Phonology delves deeply into these competing explanations to show that patterns observed do not uniquely lend themselves to one or the other explanations. Rather, they point towards the need for both universal markedness and statistical input considerations in any attempted explanation. Containing contributions from leading researchers from around the world, this impressive collection is a must-have resource for any researcher, practitioner, or advanced student specializing in phonology, cognitive psychology, applied linguistics, and communication disorders.

Perspectives on Phonological Theory and Development

In honor of Daniel A. Dinnsen
Author: Ashley W. Farris-Trimble,Jessica A. Barlow
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027270546
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 256
View: 1581
Any theory of phonology must be able to account for the acquisition and development of a phonological system, and studying acquisition often leads to reciprocal advances in the theory. This volume explores the link between phonological theory and linguistic development from a variety of angles, including phonological representation, individual differences, and cross-linguistic approaches. Chapters touch on the full spectrum of phonological development, from childhood to adult second-language learning, and from developing dialects to language death. Contributors are leading researchers in the fields of linguistics, speech pathology, and cognitive psychology. A tribute to Daniel A. Dinnsen, the papers in this volume complement his research career by highlighting significant contributions of acquisition research to the development of phonological theory.

Strength Relations in Phonology

Author: Kuniya Nasukawa,Phillip Backley
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110218593
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 408
View: 1104
This collection of papers focuses on the general theme of phonological strength, bringing together current work being undertaken in a variety of leading theoretical frameworks. Its aim is to show how referring directly to strength relations can facilitate explanation in different parts of the phonological grammar. The papers introduce illuminating data from a wide range of languages including English, Dutch, German, Greek, Japanese, Bambara, Yuhup, Nivkh, Sesotho and other Bantu systems, demonstrating how strength differences are central to the analysis of phonological patterning not only in well-documented cases of segmental asymmetry but also in other areas of description including language acquisition, pitch accent patterns and tonal phenomena. All of the contributors agree on the need for a phonological (as opposed to a phonetic) approach to the question of strength differences, and show how a strength-based analysis may proceed in various theoretical models including Dependency Phonology, Government Phonology, Strict CV Phonology and Optimality Theory. Many of the papers develop a structural account of their data, in which strength relations are understood to reflect asymmetric licensing relations holding between units in representations. The volume provides a snapshot of current thinking on the question of strength in phonology. The range of language data and theoretical contexts it explores give a clear indication that phonological strength acts as a common thread to unite a range of apparently unrelated patterns and processes.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Human Communication Sciences and Disorders

Author: Jack S. Damico,Martin J. Ball
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506353347
Category: Education
Page: 2352
View: 7258
The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Sciences and Disorders is an in-depth encyclopedia aimed at students interested in interdisciplinary perspectives on human communication—both normal and disordered—across the lifespan. This timely and unique set will look at the spectrum of communication disorders, from causation and prevention to testing and assessment; through rehabilitation, intervention, and education. Examples of the interdisciplinary reach of this encyclopedia: A strong focus on health issues, with topics such as Asperger's syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, anatomy of the human larynx, dementia, etc. Including core psychology and cognitive sciences topics, such as social development, stigma, language acquisition, self-help groups, memory, depression, memory, Behaviorism, and cognitive development Education is covered in topics such as cooperative learning, special education, classroom-based service delivery The editors have recruited top researchers and clinicians across multiple fields to contribute to approximately 640 signed entries across four volumes.

Children's Speech Sound Disorders

Author: Caroline Bowen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118634012
Category: Medical
Page: 496
View: 1885
Speaking directly to experienced and novice clinicians,educators and students in speech-language pathology/speech andlanguage therapy via an informative essay-based approach,Children’s Speech Sound Disorders provides concise,easy-to-understand explanations of key aspects of theclassification, assessment, diagnosis and treatment of articulationdisorders, phonological disorders and childhood apraxia ofspeech. It also includes a range of searching questions tointernational experts on their work in the child speech field. This new edition of Children’s Speech SoundDisorders is meticulously updated and expanded. It includes new material on Apps, assessing and treatingtwo-year-olds, children acquiring languages other than English andworking with multilingual children, communities of practice incommunication sciences and disorders, distinguishing delay fromdisorder, linguistic sciences, counselling and managing difficultbehaviour, and the neural underpinnings of and new approaches totreating CAS. This bestselling guide includes: Case vignettes and real-world examples to place topics incontext Expert essays by sixty distinguished contributors A companion website for instructors atwww.wiley.com/go/bowen/speechlanguagetherapy and a range ofsupporting materials on the author’s own site atspeech-language-therapy.com Drawing on a range of theoretical, research and clinicalperspectives and emphasising quality client care and evidence-basedpractice, Children’s Speech Sound Disorders is acomprehensive collection of clinical nuggets, hands-on strategies,and inspiration.

Focus on Phonological Acquisition

Author: S. J. Hannahs,Martha Young-Scholten
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 902722482X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 298
View: 2474
The publication of this edited volume comes at a time when interest in the acquisition of phonology by both children learning a first language and adults learning a second is starting to swell. The ten contributions, from established scholars and relative newcomers alike, provide a comprehensive demonstration of the progress being made in the field through the theory-based analysis of both spontaneous and experimental acquisition data involving a number of first and second languages including English, French, German, Korean, Polish and Spanish. Aimed at those active in phonology and its acquisition, yet written to be accessible to the non-specialist as well, the volume carefully lays out the various theoretical frameworks in which the authors work such as Feature Geometry, Lexical Phonology, Non-Linear Phonology, Prosodic Phonology, and Optimality Theory.

Phonological Acquisition

Child Language and Constraint-Based Grammar
Author: Anne-Michelle Tessier
Publisher: Palgrave
ISBN: 113754306X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 440
View: 1670
How do children learn to produce speech? What kinds of errors do they make along the way? What can those errors teach us about phonological theory? In this comprehensive introduction, Anne-Michelle Tessier examines how we acquire the sounds and sound patterns of language. Analyzing child speech patterns and their analogues among adult languages while also teaching the basics of Optimality Theory, this novel textbook will help students develop a broad grammatical understanding of phonological acquisition. Phonological Acquisition provides • evidence to support theory from multiple language families, populations and data collection methods • connections to lexical, morphological and perceptual learning • a wealth of exercises to guide readers through Optimality Theory reasoning and implementation Assuming only a basic knowledge of phonology, this textbook is aimed at students of linguistics, developmental psychology, speech pathology and communication disorders. It will also be of interest to professional psychologists, acquisition researchers, clinicians, and anyone concerned with child speech development.

Phonology for Communication Disorders

Author: Martin J. Ball,Nicole Muller,Ben Rutter
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317716841
Category: Psychology
Page: 275
View: 6281
This textbook describes the approaches to phonology that are most relevant to communication disorders. It examines schools of thought in theoretical phonology, and their relevance to description, explanation and remediation in the clinical context. A recurring theme throughout the book is the distinction between phonological theories that attempt elegant, parsimonious descriptions of phonological data, and those that attempt to provide a psycholinguistic model of speech production and perception. This book introduces all the relevant areas of phonology to the students and practitioners of speech-language pathology and is a companion volume to the authors’ Phonetics for Communication Disorders.

Papers in Laboratory Phonology V

Acquisition and the Lexicon
Author: Michael B. Broe,Janet B. Pierrehumbert
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521643634
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 400
View: 6771
This volume of the series integrates core areas of laboratory phonology with psycholinguistic themes.

Phonology in Perception

Author: Paul Boersma,Silke Hamann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110219220
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 318
View: 8825
Review text: "This volume contains exciting and potentially valuable new contributions that attempts to expand our understanding of the role of phonology and phonetics in speech perception. This volume has much to contribute for not just linguistics, but psycholinguistics more generally, and so concepts contained in this volume should form the basis of many discussions in future speech perception studies."Andrew Blyth in: Linguist List 21.3465.

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics

Author: Dirk Geeraerts,Hubert Cuyckens
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199890021
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 1368
View: 2833
The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics presents a comprehensive overview of the main theoretical concepts and descriptive/theoretical models of Cognitive Linguistics, and covers its various subfields, theoretical as well as applied. The first twenty chapters give readers the opportunity to acquire a thorough knowledge of the fundamental analytic concepts and descriptive models of Cognitive Linguistics and their background. The book starts with a set of chapters discussing different conceptual phenomena that are recognized as key concepts in Cognitive Linguistics: prototypicality, metaphor, metonymy, embodiment, perspectivization, mental spaces, etc. A second set of chapters deals with Cognitive Grammar, Construction Grammar, and Word Grammar, which, each in their own way, bring together the basic concepts into a particular theory of grammar and a specific model for the description of grammatical phenomena. Special attention is given to the interrelation between Cognitive and Construction Grammar. A third set of chapters compares Cognitive Linguistics with other forms of linguistic research (functional linguistics, autonomous linguistics, and the history of linguistics), thus giving a readers a better grip on the position of Cognitive Linguistics within the landscape of linguistics at large. The remaining chapters apply these basic notions to various more specific linguistic domains, illustrating how Cognitive Linguistics deals with the traditional linguistic subdomains (phonology, morphology, lexicon, syntax, text and discourse), and demonstrating how it handles linguistic variation and change. Finally they consider its importance in the domain of Applied Linguistics, and look at interdisciplinary links with research fields such as philosophy and psychology. With a well-known cast of contributors from around the world, this reference work will be of interest to researchers and advanced students in (cognitive) linguistics, psychology, cognitive science, and anthropology.

The New Phonologies

Developments in Clinical Linguistics
Author: Martin J. Ball,Raymond D. Kent
Publisher: Singular
ISBN: 9781565930827
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 272
View: 9421
CONTENTSIntroduction: Phonetics for Clinical Phonologies. Generative Phonology. Natural Phonology. Nonsegmental Phonologies. Monovalent Phonologies: Dependency Phonology and an Introduction to Government Phonology. Grounded Phonology: Application to the Analysis of Disordered Speech. Optimality Theory. Gestural Phonology: Basic Concepts and Applications in Speech-Language Pathology. Index.

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 0195139771
Category: Linguistics
Page: 525
View: 2805

Typologie des Argumentlinkings

Ökonomie und Expressivität
Author: Barbara Stiebels
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3050080175
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 292
View: 2956
Die vorliegende Arbeit ist ein Versuch, die verschiedenen Aspekte des Linkings, zu denen die Autorin insbesondere Linkerinventare, Linkingsplits und Diathesen zählt, aus der Perspektive der Ökonomie und Expressivität zu erfassen und daraus eine Typologie des Argumentlinkings zu entwickeln.

Biologische Grundlagen der Sprache

Author: Eric H. Lenneberg
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518278178
Page: 597
View: 4370
Enthält: Anhang: Die formale Natur der Sprache / Noam Chomsky. - Die Geschichte der Ansichten über die biologische Grundlage der Sprache / Otto Marx.

Elemente der optimalitätstheoretischen Syntax

Author: Gereon Müller
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783860577219
Category: Grammar, Comparative and general
Page: 344
View: 8948

The Development of Prosodic Structure in Early Words

Continuity, Divergence, and Change
Author: Mitsuhiko Ota
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027252937
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 222
View: 3695
This monograph addresses three basic questions regarding the development of word-internal prosodic structure: How much of the phonological structure of early words is regulated by the same constituents and principles that govern the organization of prosodic structure of mature grammar? Why do early words diverge from the adult targets in shape and size? And what is the best way to model developmental changes that occur in prosodic structure? Answers to these questions are explored through the longitudinal analysis of spontaneous production data from child Japanese. The analysis provides new types of evidence and new arguments that the prosodic phonology of young children is largely continuous with that of adults, and that the surface child-adult divergence in word forms and the overall pattern of developmental changes are best explained in terms of ranked violable constraints on the representation of prosodic structure, whose ordering is modified in the course of acquisition.

Versuch einer theorie phonetischer alternationen

Ein capital aus der psychophonetik
Author: Jan Niecisław Baudouin de Courtenay,Jean Ingnacy Niecislaw Baudouin de Courtenay
Publisher: N.A
Category: Phonetics
Page: 125
View: 1385