Stopping Rape

Towards a Comprehensive Policy
Author: Walby, Sylvia,Olive, Philippa
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447322096
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 308
View: 8062
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This important book offers a comprehensive guide to the international policies developed to stop rape , together with case study examples on how they work. The book describes how law and criminal justice system, health services, specialised services for victim-survivors, educational and cultural interventions can best be coordinated.

Radicalization, Terrorism, and Conflict


Author: Tali Walters,Rachel Monaghan
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 144385090X
Category: Law
Page: 335
View: 6454
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Radicalization, Terrorism, and Conflict is a collection of scholarly works, authored by international researchers and leading thinkers, addressing contemporary, history-making issues in international security and terrorism from an interdisciplinary perspective. Contributors to this edited volume represent global perspectives, ideas, analysis, and research. Radicalization, Terrorism, and Conflict transmits relevant findings, theory, and policy ideas for scholars of security and terrorism studies, for policy makers, and to the general public who are interested in keeping up with this global area of concern. It provides a jumping-off point for conversation and collaboration that can lead to new knowledge and broader understanding. As an interdisciplinary collection of manuscripts, this book integrates and synthesizes theory, research, and public policy analysis in an effort to solve the complex questions and problems presented by this topic. Recognition of the need to approach the problems of radicalization, terrorism, and interpersonal conflict from an interdisciplinary perspective is gaining strength within academic settings, policy institutes, and global conferences. Unlike most recent edited books on the subject that are on the market at this time, Radicalization, Terrorism, and Conflict provides an interdisciplinary approach to understanding related current issues. This approach encourages a broader perspective and thought process, trans-discipline and global collaboration and cooperation, and an integrated synthesis of knowledge. Radicalization, Terrorism, and Conflict opens with an analysis of the ongoing phenomenon of the Arab Spring. In Section 1, contributors look at how players in the theatres of local and international terror become radicalized. Section 2 analyzes how terrorism becomes manifest in the global theatre and how governments and their actors attempt to prevent it. Section 3 presents research to bring understanding to the actors’ behavior and provide settings for future collaboration in understanding these phenomena.

Systems Education for a Sustainable Planet


Author: Ockie Bosch,Robert Y. Cavana
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 3038427896
Category: Social Science
Page: 246
View: 4177
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Systems Education for a Sustainable Planet" that was published in Systems

Social Control and Justice

Crimmigration in the Age of Fear
Author: Maria João Guia,Joanne van der Leun
Publisher: Eleven International Pub
ISBN: 9789490947781
Category: Law
Page: 340
View: 8617
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This book offers a fresh, multi-disciplinary, and international examination of a phenomenon that has altered the landscape of migration in the United States and is now taking root in Canada and throughout Europe: 'crimmigration law.' Crimmigration law consists of the letter and practice of laws and policies at the intersection of criminal law and immigration law. Crimmigration scholars study the creation of laws and policies, their enforcement, as well as the institutional dynamics that create crimmigration law and are created by it. Many have written about the use of crimmigration law to exert social control over groups marginalized by ethnic bias, class, or citizenship status. This book's contents include: Crimmigration, Securitization, and the Criminal Law of the Crimmigrant * A Reflection on Crimmigration in the Netherlands * Entering the Risk Society: A Contested Terrain for Immigration Enforcement * The Changing Landscape of the Criminalization of Migration in Europe * Disappearing Rights: How States Are Eroding Membership in American Society * The Impact of Immigration Enforcement Outsourcing on Ice Priorities * The Spirit of Crimmigration * Crime and Immigration: The Discourses of Fear as a Theoretical Approach of Critical Evaluation * Recorded Crime Committed by Migrant Groups and Native Dutch in the Netherlands * The Foreign-Born in the Canadian Federal Correctional Population * The Impact of Safety on Levels of Ethnocentrism * The Control of Irregular Migrants and the Criminal Law of the Enemy * Crime among Irregular Immigrants and the Influence of Crimmigration Processes * The Wide Scope of Immigration in the Azores and Its Relationship with Crime * Irregular Immigrants and Their Irish Citizen Children: The Limits of National Citizenship * The Treaty of Prum * Unauthorized Migration

Beyond Convergence

World Without Order
Author: National Defense University (US)
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781975720421
Category: Computer networks
Page: 402
View: 2716
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The world order built upon the Peace of Westphalia is faltering. State fragility or failure are endemic, with no fewer than one-third of the states in the United Nations earning a "high warning"-or worse-in the Fragile States Index, and an equal number suffering a decline in sustainability over the past decade.1 State weakness invites a range of illicit actors, including international terrorists, globally networked insurgents, and transnational criminal organizations (TCOs). The presence and operations of these entities keep states weak and incapable of effective governance, and limit the possibility of fruitful partnerships with the United States and its allies. Illicit organizations and their networks fuel corruption, eroding state legitimacy among the governed, and sowing doubt that the state is a genuine guardian of the public interest. These networks can penetrate the state, leading to state capture, and even criminal sovereignty.2 A growing number of weak and corrupt states is creating gaping holes in the global rule-based system of states that we depend on for our security and prosperity. Indeed, the chapters of this book suggest the emergence of a highly adaptive and parasitic alternative ecosystem, based on criminal commerce and extreme violence, with little regard for what we commonly conceive of as the public interest or the public good. The last 10 years have seen unprecedented growth in interactivity between and among a wide range of illicit networks, as well as the emergence of hybrid organizations that use methods characteristic of both terrorist and criminal groups. In a convergence of interests, terrorist organizations collaborate with cartels, and trafficking organizations collude with insurgents. International terrorist organizations, such as al-Qaeda and Hezbollah, engage energetically in transnational crime to raise funds for their operations. Prominent criminal organizations like Los Zetas in Mexico and D-Company in Pakistan have adopted the symbolic violence of terrorists-the propaganda of the deed-to secure their "turf." And networked insurgents, such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), have adopted the techniques of both crime and terror.

Critical Neuroscience

A Handbook of the Social and Cultural Contexts of Neuroscience
Author: Suparna Choudhury,Jan Slaby
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444343335
Category: Psychology
Page: 408
View: 8841
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Critical Neuroscience: A Handbook of the Social and Cultural Contexts of Neuroscience brings together multi-disciplinary scholars from around the world to explore key social, historical and philosophical studies of neuroscience, and to analyze the socio-cultural implications of recent advances in the field. This text’s original, interdisciplinary approach explores the creative potential for engaging experimental neuroscience with social studies of neuroscience while furthering the dialogue between neuroscience and the disciplines of the social sciences and humanities. Critical Neuroscience transcends traditional skepticism, introducing novel ideas about ‘how to be critical’ in and about science.

Old Evidence and Core International Crimes


Author: Wui Ling Cheah
Publisher: Torkel Opsahl Academic Epublisher
ISBN: 9788293081609
Category: Criminal law
Page: 340
View: 2350
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It is often only years after the commission of core international crimes that prosecutions and investigations take place. This anthology addresses challenges associated with such delayed justice: the location, treatment, and assessment of old evidence. Part I considers the topic from the perspective of different actors involved in the prosecution of core international crimes at the domestic and international levels. Part II comprises chapters focusing on the efforts of the Bangladeshi authorities to investigate and prosecute international crimes perpetrated during the 1971 war. This book brings together experienced judges, prosecutors, lawyers, scientists, and commentators who have dealt with questions of old evidence in their work. Among the contributors are Shafique Ahmed, Andrew Cayley, David Cohen, Seena Fazel, Siri S. Frigaard, M. Amir-Ul Islam, Md. Shahinur Islam, Agnieszka Klonowiecka-Milart, Alphons M.M. Orie, Stephen J. Rapp, Patrick J. Treanor, Otto Triffterer and Martin Witteveen. The chapters describe the challenges encountered in practice and suggest concrete solutions that can be tailored to fit the circumstances of the case or country. By providing a comprehensive analysis of the relevant problems in this area and a variety of views, this anthology will serve as an invaluable resource for criminal justice actors and researchers seeking to address questions of old evidence.

Justice, Crime, and Ethics


Author: Michael C. Braswell,Belinda R. McCarthy,Bernard J. McCarthy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315455838
Category: Law
Page: 516
View: 6944
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Justice, Crime, and Ethics, a leading textbook in criminal justice programs, examines ethical dilemmas pertaining to the administration of criminal justice and professional activities in the field. This ninth edition continues to deliver a broad scope of topics, focusing on law enforcement, legal practice, sentencing, corrections, research, crime control policy, and philosophical issues. The book’s robust coverage encompasses contentious issues such as capital punishment, prison corruption, and the use of deception in police interrogation. The ninth edition includes new material on juvenile justice, corporate crime, and prosecutorial misconduct. The “Policy and Ethics” feature and new “Ethical Dilemma” feature added to most chapters illuminate the ethics of institutions as well as individuals. Students of criminal justice, as well as instructors and professionals in the field, continue to rely on this thorough, dependable resource on ethical decision making in the criminal justice system.

Handbook of African American Health

Social and Behavioral Interventions
Author: Anthony J. Lemelle,Wornie Reed,Sandra Taylor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441996169
Category: Social Science
Page: 289
View: 9228
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The U.S. Census Bureau reports particular demographic, social, and health conditions for African Americans. Population-wide, the African American community has a higher mortality rate from cancer and diabetes than the rest of the population, a higher infant mortality rate, and a lower vaccination rate for influenza and pneumonia. The contributions to this comprehensive Handbook of African American Health uncover the specific demographic conditions of the African American population, and outline social interventions for both physical and mental health at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. The 26 contributions to this comprehensive volume cover interventions for a diverse range of health problems, including:-obesity and cardiovascular disease-diabetes-asthma and other respiratory diseases-smoking, alcohol, and recreational drug abuse-risky sexual behaviors-cancer screening, prevention, and survivorship-infant mortality-community and interpersonal violence-mental health. From a healthcare standpoint, it also examines specific interventions for treatment compliance, health care access, and community collaborations. This volume will be an invaluable resource for researchers in medical sociology, mental health studies, public health, health behavior, and African American studies.

Emerging Digital Spaces in Contemporary Society

Properties of Technology
Author: Phillip Kalantzis-Cope,Karim Gherab-Martin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230299040
Category: Political Science
Page: 382
View: 1779
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Analyzing the relationship between digital technologies and society this book explores a wide range of complex social issues emerging in a new digital space. Itexamines both the vexing dilemmas with a critical eye as well as prompting readers to think constructively and strategically about exciting possibilities.

Law and Society in Korea


Author: Hyunah Yang
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781781953631
Category: Law
Page: 236
View: 8976
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ÔAs dynamic as legal change has been in South Korea, it has also been understudied, at least until the arrival of this wonderful collection of essays. The authors, who are all leading figures in the field, demonstrate convincingly that Korean experience is relevant to many of the contemporary questions in law and society studies, including how to understand the dynamics of legal change, the role of law in development, the nature of transitional justice, and law in the postcolonial state. Every law and society scholar should read this book.Õ Ð Tom Ginsburg, University of Chicago, US This book sets out a panoramic view of law and society studies in South Korea, considering the factors that have made this post-colonial war-torn country economically and politically successful. The contributors examine societal and historical conditions that are reflected in Ð or that were shaped by Ð the law, through a variety of lenses; including law and development, law and politics, colonialism and gender, past wrongdoings, public interest lawyering, and judicial reform. In dismantling the historical specificity of the way in which Korea studies are universally framed the contributions provide novel views, theories and information about South Korean law and society. Incorporating various perspectives and methodologies, and demonstrating a finely crafted application of general theory to specific issues, this compendium will prove insightful to law scholars and researchers looking to widen their perspective and broaden their knowledge on law and society in Korea. Law practitioners whose practice requires knowledge of the Korean legal system will also find plenty of information in this authoritative book.

The European Culture for Human Rights

The Right to Happiness
Author: Elena Zamfir,Filomena Maggino
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443866644
Category: Social Science
Page: 514
View: 9749
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This book represents a collection of a selected papers from an international conference focusing on “the right to happiness”, held in Bucharest in December 2012, organized by Dimitie Cantemir Christian Bucharest University, the Romanian Academy’s Research Institute for Quality of Life – Bucharest and the Romanian Institute for Human Rights – Bucharest. The analysis of happiness from the perspective of the quality of life is a unique development in human rights literature. This analysis is based on people having an active role in bestowing meaning on different components of their life. People have the means and the power to decide whether their life is good or bad by taking into account their subjective perceptions, such as how different domains, such as the family, professional, and civic realms, of their lives interact and what their meanings for their entire lives are. In truth, modern society, faced with multiple risks of development, has to be controlled by the wisdom or rationality of collective ethics principles in order to grant individual satisfaction. Its means of development through cutting edge technology can contribute to human accomplishments, but also to human downfalls. Thus, in a modern culture, responsible control of technology becomes mandatory. In today’s world, it is impossible to talk about individual satisfaction without collective morals, without the collective responsibility that guides the directions of development of humankind. This book discusses the issue of quality of life, and sustains a pragmatic vision of the pursuit of happiness and well-being, based on changes aimed at the continual improvement of one’s interior and exterior universe.

Last One Over the Wall

The Massachusetts Experiment in Closing Reform Schools
Author: Jerome G. Miller
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780814207581
Category: Social Science
Page: 279
View: 3106
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Last One over the Wall is an analytical and autobiographical account of Jerome G. Miller's tenure as head of the Massachusetts juvenile justice system, during which he undertook one of the most daring and drastic steps in recent juvenile justice history -- he closed reformatories and returned offenders to community supervision and treatment by private schools and youth agencies. Filled with insights into juvenile and adult behavior in prison and outside, Miller's account provides a rare opportunity to view our juvenile justice system as a whole, including all the politics, economics, and social biases that come with it. In a new preface for this edition, the author reflects on his decision of seven years ago and the lessons learned from it.

Climate Change from a Criminological Perspective


Author: Rob White
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461436400
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 1048
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Few would dispute the power of climate change to lead to profoundly destructive weather events. At the same time, the possibility of climate change as a consequence—or even a cause—of criminal events is far less recognized. As the earth grows warmer, issues regarding land use, water rights, bio-security, and food production and distribution will continue to have far-reaching impact, and produce more opportunity for offenses by individuals and groups as well as political and corporate entities. In Climate Change from a Criminological Perspective, a panel of pioneering green criminologists investigates an increasingly complex chain of ecological causes and effects. Illegal acts are analyzed as they contribute to environmental decline (e.g., wildlife poaching) or result from ecological distress (e.g., survival-related theft). Regulatory and other interventions are critiqued, concepts of environmental harm refined, and new research methodologies called for. And while individual events described are mainly local, the contributors keep the global picture, and substantial questions about human rights and social relationships, firmly in mind. Topics featured include: Global warming as corporate crime. Climate change and the courts: U.S. and global views. Climate change, natural disasters, and gender inequality. The roles and responsibilities of environmental enforcement networks. A sociocultural perspective on climate change denial. PLUS: instructive in-depth chapters on criminological aspects of Hurricane Katrina and the Japanese nuclear disaster. A volume of considerable timeliness and vision, Climate Change from a Criminological Perspective will be read and discussed, and will inspire action, by researchers in criminology, criminal justice, environmental studies, and related disciplines, as well as policymakers.

Prevention and Control of Aggression and the Impact on its Victims


Author: Manuela Bach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475762380
Category: Psychology
Page: 452
View: 5069
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Proceedings of the XIV World Meeting of the International Society for the Research on Aggression: Prevention and Control of Aggression and the Impact on its Victims, held in July 9-14, 2000, in Valencia, Spain. Aggression is an aspect of human society that has interested scientists for many decades, and their work has provided important knowledge about its causes and way to prevent and control this behavior. However, not only scientists but many professionals working in the wide spectrum of society, from family to international policy, are interested in having programs of interventions capable of reducing aggression and violence in our society. This comprehensive book is a compendium of most research approaches that are currently taking place in the field of aggression, focusing on the interventions to control and prevent this behavior and the impact on its victims. The chapters of the book include biological approaches to aggression, such as neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, neuroendocrinology, genetics and psychopathology; information about aggression in children and adolescents in different settings such as family, school and community; characteristics if aggression in specific relationships such as marital and sexual, and specific settings such as bars, prisons and traffic; and cultural approaches to aggression, social prejudice, war and programs of peace. Furthermore, a small number of representative chapters about victims are included, ranging from the impact of aggression on behavior and physiology in animal models to victims of war. As this book highlights, the interventions to prevent and control aggression have to be diverse (highly heterogenic) in order to deal with all aspects of human beings and society, ranging from pharmacological control in individuals to programs of peace to promote respect among people and among nations. Scientists, academics and professionals dealing with any facet of aggression and its impact on our society will obtain in this book information about the complexity of this research field and the ways to approach our objective: eliminate aggression from the human behavioral repertoire.

Adolescent Substance Abuse

Psychiatric Comorbidity and High Risk Behaviors
Author: Yifrah Kaminer,Oscar G. Bukstein
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136915001
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 528
View: 3424
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Learn more effective treatments for adolescents with abuse substance disorder Dual diagnosis of adolescent substance use disorders and comorbid psychiatric disorders must be treated simultaneously to be effective. Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and High Risk Behaviors presents leading experts offering insightful viewpoints and dynamic suggestions on how to best provide simultaneous treatment and integrated services to these youths. The book covers the state of the art in the field of substance use disorders, and reviews different psychiatric disorders and high risk behaviors, and then addresses the issue of integrated services and ethical, legal, and policy issues pertaining to this population. In the field of adolescent substance abuse treatment, dual diagnosis is the rule rather than the exception, making assessment and treatment complicated. Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and High Risk Behaviors comprehensively discusses the magnitude, etiology, and characteristics of problems and substance abuse disorders (SUD), and extensively explains ways to assess, treat, and develop services for adolescents. This unique text closely examines the assessment and treatment of psychiatric comorbid disorders among adolescents such as depression, anxiety disorders, ADHD, and high risk behaviors including suicidal behavior, self-harm behavior, and gambling behavior. The text is extensively referenced and several chapters include helpful tables and figures to clearly display the data. Topics examined in Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and High Risk Behaviors include: etiology of adolescent substance abuse assessment treatment planning psychosocial interventions pharmacological interventions disruptive behavior disorders attention deficit hyperactivity disorder depression bi-polar mood disorder anxiety disorders trauma and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) suicidal and self-harm behaviors schizophrenia eating disorder gambling behavior Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and High Risk Behaviors is an invaluable resource for mental health professionals, pediatricians, family physicians, nurses, addictions specialists, counselors, educators, students, and drug court professionals who provide assessment and treatment for youths with substance use disorders.

On the Proposed Crimes Against Humanity Convention


Author: Morten Bergsmo,Tianying Song
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9788293081968
Category: Crimes against humanity
Page: 512
View: 9342
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This anthology is about the need for and nature of a convention on crimes against humanity. It uses the Proposed Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes Against Humanity as an important reference point. 16 authors discuss how such a convention may consolidate the definition of crimes against humanity, and develop measures for their prevention and punishment, decades after the conclusion of the Genocide Convention and Geneva Conventions. The authors include Leila N. Sadat, Eleni Chaitidou, Darryl Robinson, Maria Luisa Pique, Travis Weber, Julie Pasch, Rhea Brathwaite, Christen Price, Rita Maxwell, Mary Kate Whalen, Ian Kennedy, SHANG Weiwei, ZHANG Yueyao and Tessa Bolton. It contains a preface by late Judge Hans-Peter Kaul and a foreword by Hans Corell. The book is inspired by the rationale of crimes against humanity to protect against the most serious violations of fundamental individual rights, and its realization especially through domestic mechanisms. Such consciousness calls upon appropriate definition and use of contexual elements of the crime, effective jurisdiction for prevention and prosecution, and robust inter-State co-operation. The book considers individual State experiences in combating crimes against humanity. It underlines the importance of avoiding that the process to develop a new convention waters down the law of crimes against humanity or causes further polarisation between States in the area of international criminal law. It suggests that the scope of the obligation to prevent crimes against humanity will become a decisive question.

Call Me Crazy

Stories from the Mad Movement
Author: Irit Shimrat
Publisher: Press Gang Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Antipsychiatry
Page: 179
View: 5845
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Irit Shimrat went crazy as a young woman and spent two years incarcerated in psychiatric wards. Her escape and subsequent involvement in the psychiatric survivors' movement (a.k.a. the Mad Movement) is documented here, along with accounts from other activists including Don Weitz, Lanny Beckman and Pat Caponni. An international coalition of former mental patients and their allies who oppose forced drugging, solitary confinement, electroshock and other psychiatric abuses, the Mad Movement has been active for three decades. Shimrat and others put forward powerful arguments that "mental illness" is a lucrative and socially constructed myth rather than a genetic or biochemical brain defect. Call Me Crazy is a testament to the strength of the human spirit and a springboard for intelligent, creative and humane alternatives to psychiatry. It includes a comprehensive bibliography.