Philosophy of Economics

A Contemporary Introduction
Author: Julian Reiss
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136763325
Category: Philosophy
Page: 352
View: 6958
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Philosophy of Economics: A Contemporary Introduction is the first systematic textbook in the philosophy of economics. It introduces the epistemological, metaphysical and ethical problems that arise in economics, and presents detailed discussions of the solutions that have been offered. Throughout, philosophical issues are illustrated by and analysed in the context of concrete cases drawn from contemporary economics, the history of economic ideas, and actual economic events. This demonstrates the relevance of philosophy of economics both for the science of economics and for the economy. This text will provide an excellent introduction to the philosophy of economics for students and interested general readers alike.

Philosophy of Social Science

A New Introduction
Author: Nancy Cartwright,Eleonora Montuschi
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191030082
Category: Philosophy
Page: 320
View: 1624
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This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed both for students with central interests in philosophy and those planning to concentrate on the social sciences, and it presupposes no particular background in either domain. From the wide range of topics at the forefront of debate in philosophy of social science, the editors have chosen those which are representative of the most important and interesting contemporary work. A team of distinguished experts explore key aspects of the field such as social ontology (what are the things that social science studies?), objectivity, formal methods, measurement, and causal inference. Also included are chapters focused on notable subjects of social science research, such as well-being and climate change. Philosophy of Social Science provides a clear, accessible, and up-to-date guide to this fascinating field.

Social and Political Philosophy

A Contemporary Introduction
Author: John Christman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317435982
Category: Philosophy
Page: 282
View: 1722
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This accessible book is invaluable to anyone coming to social and political philosophy for the first time. It provides a broad survey of key social and political questions in modern society, as well as clear discussions of the philosophical issues central to those questions and to political thought more generally. Unique among books of this kind is a sustained treatment of specifically social philosophy, including topics such as epistemic injustice, pornography, marriage, sexuality, and the family. The relation between such social questions and specifically political topics is discussed. These topics include: political authority, economic justice, the limits of tolerance, considerations of community, race, gender, and culture in questions of justice, and radical critiques of current political theories.? Updates to the Second Edition emphasize the non-statist areas of the subject and include two brand new chapters on social philosophy and transnational justice. This Second Edition also includes revisions throughout and coverage of recent theoretical discussions and world events.

Social and Political Philosophy

A Contemporary Introduction
Author: John Philip Christman
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415217989
Category: Philosophy
Page: 248
View: 8633
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Western democracy as we know it has developed out of a liberal paradigm that has dominated political thought and permeates our modern social structures. As societies evolve and diverge underlying social and political frameworks come under scrutiny and philosophical questions arise. Indeed, the nature of society is perhaps the most important issue facing modern political thought. Social and Political Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction offers a broad survey of some of the fundamental philosophical questions concerning social and political relations in modern society. It contains clear and accessible discussions of the philosophical issues central to political thought. Questions concerning the foundations of political authority, the nature and grounds of economic justice, the limits of tolerance, considerations of community, race, gender, and culture in questions of justice, and radical critiques of current political theories are examined. This text should be of value to any student coming to social and political philosophy for the first time.

The Philosophy of Economics

An Anthology
Author: Daniel M. Hausman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521883504
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 527
View: 362
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An anthology of works on the philosophy of economics, including classic texts and essays exploring specific branches and schools of economics. Completely revamped, this edition contains new selections, a revised introduction and a bibliography. The volume contains 26 chapters organized into five parts: (I) Classic Discussions, (II) Positivist and Popperian Views, (III) Ideology and Normative Economics, (IV) Branches and Schools of Economics and Their Methodological Problems and (V) New Directions in Economic Methodology. It includes crucial historical contributions by figures such as Mill, Marx, Weber, Robbins, Knight, and Veblen and works by most of the leading contemporary figures writing on economic methodology, including five Nobel Laureates in Economics.

Sozialismus - warum nicht?


Author: Gerald A. Cohen
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783813503814
Category:
Page: 95
View: 4081
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Die Verfassung der Freiheit


Author: Friedrich August von Hayek
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161486289
Category: Social Science
Page: 575
View: 1370
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English summary: In the first part of what is probably his most significant work, Nobel Prize winner Friedrich A. von Hayek provides a comprehensive systematic description of the fundamental principles of a liberal social philosophy which has formed the basis for the development of European civilization in the last centuries. In the second part of the book, the author deals with the origin of the rule of law and its significance for safeguarding personal freedom. In the third part, Hayek shows, using relevant examples, how important principles of the rule of law have been violated with the emergence of the welfare state and how this could lead to the destruction of personal freedom. German description: Wenn alte Wahrheiten ihren Einfluss auf das Denken der Menschen behalten sollen, mussen sie von Zeit zu Zeit in der Sprache und den Begriffen der nachfolgenden Generationen neu formuliert werden. (Hayek). Dies unternimmt F. A. von Hayek in der Verfassung der Freiheit, die nunmehr in 4. Auflage als Band B 3 der deutschen Ausgabe des Hayekschen Werks ( Gesammelte Schriften ) erscheint. Dieses wohl bedeutendste Werk des Nobelpreistragers bietet im ersten Teil eine umfassende systematische Darstellung der wesentlichen Prinzipien einer freiheitlichen Sozialphilosophie - der Grundlage fur die Entwicklung der europaischen Zivilisation in den letzten Jahrhunderten. Der zweite Teil befasst sich mit der Entstehung der rechtsstaatlichen Grundsatze - der rule of law - und ihrer Bedeutung fur die Sicherung der personlichen Freiheit. Im dritten Teil zeigt Hayek, wie mit dem Aufkommen des Wohlfahrtsstaates wichtige rechtsstaatliche Prinzipien verletzt werden und damit die personliche Freiheit zerstort zu werden droht. Dies verdeutlicht er anhand aufschlussreicher Beispiele aus den Bereichen Gewerkschaften und Beschaftigung, soziale Sicherheit, Besteuerung und Umverteilung, Landwirtschaft und Naturschatze, Erziehung und Forschung.

Die Suche nach Gewißheit

eine Untersuchung des Verhältnisses von Erkenntnis und Handeln
Author: John Dewey
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518291276
Category: Knowledge, Theory of
Page: 318
View: 7204
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In der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts war Dewey Amerikas berühmtester Philosoph, ja mehr als ein Philosoph: ein öffentlicher Intellektueller, der auch für ein Publikum außerhalb der Universitäten schrieb. Die hier vorliegenden Gifford Lectures aus dem Jahre 1929 gehören - zusammen mit Erfahrung und Natur - zu den programmatischen Schriften des ”naturalistischen Humanismus“, wie Dewey seine Philosophie nannte. Er verfolgt darin Entstehung und Geschichte des Theorie-Praxis-Dualismus sowie dessen Auswirkungen auf Begriff und Struktur der Philosophie.

Toward a Feminist Philosophy of Economics


Author: Drucilla Barker,Edith Kuiper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134454473
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 368
View: 2619
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Feminist economists have demonstrated that interrogating hierarchies based on gender, ethnicity, class and nation results in an economics that is biased and more faithful to empirical evidence than are mainstream accounts. This rigorous and comprehensive book examines many of the central philosophical questions and themes in feminist economics including · History of economics · Feminist science studies · Identity and agency · Caring labor · Postcolonialism and postmodernism With contributions from such leading figures as Nancy Folbre, Julie Nelson and Sandra Harding, Toward a Feminist Theory of Economics looks set to become the book on feminist economics for some time to come and will be greatly appreciated by all those interested in gender studies, economic methodology and social theory.

Philosophy of Science

A Contemporary Introduction
Author: Alex Rosenberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134743505
Category: Philosophy
Page: 202
View: 2669
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This user-friendly text covers key issues in the philosophy of science in an accessible and philosophically serious way. It will prove valuable to students studying philosophy of science as well as science students. Prize-winning author Alex Rosenberg explores the philosophical problems that science raises by its very nature and method. He skilfully demonstrates that scientific explanation, laws, causation, theory, models, evidence, reductionism, probability, teleology, realism and instrumentalism actually pose the same questions that Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hume, Kant and their successors have grappled with for centuries.

Philosophy of Psychology

A Contemporary Introduction
Author: Jose Luis Bermudez
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134475551
Category: Philosophy
Page: 392
View: 4615
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José Luis Bermúdez introduces the philosophy of psychology as an interdisciplinary exploration of the nature and mechanisms of cognition. Philosophy of Psychology charts out four influential 'pictures of the mind' and uses them to explore central topics in the philosophical foundations of psychology, including the relation between different levels of studying the mind/brain; the nature and scope of psychological explanation; the architecture of cognition; and the relation between thought and language. Chapters cover all the core concepts, including: models of psychological explanation the nature of commonsense psychology arguments for the autonomy of psychology functionalist approaches to cognition computational models of the mind neural network modeling rationality and mental causation perception, action and cognition the language of thought and the architecture of cognition. Philosophy of Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction is a very clear and well-structured textbook from one of the leaders in the field.

Philosophy of Biology

A Contemporary Introduction
Author: Alex Rosenberg,Daniel W. McShea
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134375387
Category: Philosophy
Page: 256
View: 4526
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Is life a purely physical process? What is human nature? Which of our traits is essential to us? In this volume, Daniel McShea and Alex Rosenberg – a biologist and a philosopher, respectively – join forces to create a new gateway to the philosophy of biology; making the major issues accessible and relevant to biologists and philosophers alike. Exploring concepts such as supervenience; the controversies about genocentrism and genetic determinism; and the debate about major transitions central to contemporary thinking about macroevolution; the authors lay out the broad terms in which we should assess the impact of biology on human capacities, social institutions and ethical values.

The Philosophy of Economics

On the Scope of Reason in Economic Inquiry
Author: Subroto Roy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134928246
Category: Philosophy
Page: 248
View: 3771
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The first work to seriously and successfully bridge twentieth century economics and philosophy. Subroto Roy draws these two disciplines together and examines the intellectual roots of economics.

Philosophy of Social Science

A Contemporary Introduction
Author: Mark Risjord
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136627529
Category: Philosophy
Page: 302
View: 8642
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The Philosophy of Social Science: A Contemporary Introduction examines the perennial questions of philosophy by engaging with the empirical study of society. The book offers a comprehensive overview of debates in the field, with special attention to questions arising from new research programs in the social sciences. The text uses detailed examples of social scientific research to motivate and illustrate the philosophical discussion. Topics include the relationship of social policy to social science, interpretive research, action explanation, game theory, social scientific accounts of norms, joint intentionality, reductionism, causal modeling, case study research, and experimentation.

Philosophy of Social Science


Author: Alexander Rosenberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429974477
Category: Social Science
Page: 360
View: 1229
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Philosophy of Social Science provides a tightly argued yet accessible introduction to the philosophical foundations of the human sciences, including economics, anthropology, sociology, political science, psychology, history, and the disciplines emerging at the intersections of these subjects with biology. Philosophy is unavoidable for social scientists because the choices they make in answering questions in their disciplines force them to take sides on philosophical matters. Conversely, the philosophy of social science is equally necessary for philosophers since the social and behavior sciences must inform their understanding of human action, norms, and social institutions. The fifth edition retains from previous editions an illuminating interpretation of the enduring relations between the social sciences and philosophy, and reflects on developments in social research over the past two decades that have informed and renewed debate in the philosophy of social science. An expanded discussion of philosophical anthropology and modern and postmodern critical theory is new for this edition.

The Philosophy of Education: An Introduction


Author: Richard Bailey
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1474228984
Category: Education
Page: 200
View: 3390
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The Philosophy of Education: An Introduction encourages the reader to actively engage with the philosophy of education and the carefully selected contributors bring the philosophy of education to life for the reader. Each chapter: focuses on a particular area of debate and explains the main concepts includes extracts from philosophical writing, followed by questions that guide the reader to critically and actively engage with the text guides the reader towards further reading and suggests next steps and more challenging sources or counter-pointed arguments. The Philosophy of Education: An Introduction is essential reading for education students and for trainee teachers on undergraduate and postgraduate programmes. It will also appeal to practicing teachers and educationalists who wish to engage with philosophical approaches to contemporary educational issues.

Das Imaginäre

Phänomenologische Psychologie der Einbildungskraft
Author: Jean-Paul Sartre
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783499340130
Category:
Page: 314
View: 3317
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Ancient Philosophy

A Contemporary Introduction
Author: Christopher Shields
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136627588
Category: Philosophy
Page: 250
View: 4511
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In this re-titled and substantially revised update of his Classical Philosophy (2003), Christopher Shields expands his coverage to include the Hellenistic era, and now offers an introduction to more than 1,000 years of ancient philosophy. From Thales and other Pre-Socratics through Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, and on to Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Scepticism, Ancient Philosophy traces the important connections between these periods and individuals without losing sight of the novelties and dynamics unique to each. The coverage of Plato and Aristotle also has been expanded. It now includes, for example, updated coverage of Plato's allegories of the cave and the divided line and the metaphor of the sun as well as features of Plato's epistemology. Shields also adds new discussion on Aristotle's theory of virtue and his approach to the Socratic problem of akrasia, or weakness of will. In terms of its structure, Ancient Philosophy is presented so that each philosophical position receives: (1) a brief introduction, (2) a sympathetic review of its principal motivations and primary supporting arguments, and (3) a short assessment, inviting readers to evaluate its plausibility. The result is a book that brings the ancient arguments to life, making the introduction truly contemporary. It will serve as both a first stop and a well visited resource for any student of the subject. Ancient Philosophy offers a vivid picture of the ideas that flourished at philosophy's long birth and considers their relevance, both to the historical development of the Western philosophical tradition, and to philosophy today.

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Law


Author: Andrei Marmor
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415878187
Category: Law
Page: 630
View: 9178
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The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Law provides a comprehensive, non-technical philosophical treatment of the fundamental questions about the nature of law. Its coverage includes law's relation to morality and the moral obligations to obey the law, the main philosophical debates about particular legal areas such as criminal responsibility, property, contracts, family law, law and justice in the international domain, legal paternalism and the rule of law. The entirely new content has been written specifically for newcomers to the field, making the volume particularly useful for undergraduate and graduate courses in philosophy of law and related areas. All 39 chapters, written by the world's leading researchers and edited by an internationally distinguished scholar, bring a focused, philosophical perspective to their subjects. The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Law promises to be a valuable and much consulted student resource for many years.