Physicochemical Basis of Pharmaceuticals


Author: Humphrey Moynihan,Abina Crean
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199232849
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 296
View: 2507
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Physicochemical Basis of Pharmaceuticals explores the physical and chemical phenomena which affect the formulation and bio-availability of drug substances to give a straightforward, accessible treatment of the essential concepts affecting the absorption and distribution of drugs.

Physicochemical Principles of Pharmacy


Author: Alexander Taylor Florence,David Attwood
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780853696100
Category: Medical
Page: 564
View: 2975
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Physical chemistry is the basis of rational pharmaceutical formulation and processing, and provides the basis for understanding the complexities of drug delivery and drug absorption. Knowledge of the physicochemical principles is essential for the modern pharmaceutical scientist and pharmacist. rewritten, updated and reset, while retaining its essential characteristic of using only pharmaceutical examples to illustrate the physical chemistry involved. A new chapter on proteins as pharmaceuticals is included. Solutions, the solid state and the gaseous state are discussed (the latter particularly with pressurised aerosols in mind), while ionization of drugs is considered at length. Surface chemistry retains its place and the treatment of colloidal systems includes discussion of liposomes and other colloidal carriers now more widely used in therapeutics. The properties of soluble, insoluble and dispersible natural and synthetic polymers - elements of many delivery systems - are described. physiology of the route and the conditions of the route that affect the drug and dosage form. Many drug interactions have a physicochemical basis and these are considered in a short chapter. In vitro functionality tests for many delivery systems can be devised if the physical basis of their functioning is recognised; again a short chapter deals with this important topic relating to the quality of pharmaceuticals. Wherever possible, calculations and worked examples are included to aid understanding of the equations described. There are many diagrams and each chapter contains a bibliography.

Colloid and Interface Science in Pharmaceutical Research and Development


Author: Hiroyuki Ohshima,Kimiko Makino
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444626085
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 532
View: 7575
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Colloid and Interface Science in Pharmaceutical Research and Development describes the role of colloid and surface chemistry in the pharmaceutical sciences. It gives a detailed account of colloid theory, and explains physicochemical properties of the colloidal-pharmaceutical systems, and the methods for their measurement. The book starts with fundamentals in Part I, covering fundamental aspects of colloid and interface sciences as applied to pharmaceutical sciences and thus should be suitable for teaching. Parts II and III treat applications and measurements, and they explains the application of these properties and their influence and use for the development of new drugs. Provides a clear description of the fundamentals of colloid and interface science relevant to drug research and development Explains the physicochemical/colloidal basis of pharmaceutical science Lists modern experimental characterization techniques, provides analytical equations and explanations on analyzing the experimental data Describes the most advanced techniques, AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy), SFA (Surface Force Apparatus) in detail

Pharmaceutics

The Science of Medicine Design
Author: Philip Denton,Chris Rostron
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199655316
Category: Medical
Page: 273
View: 3856
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Taking medication is a common occurrence for many people, whether it is to soothe an aching head, regulate blood sugars, or to treat life threatening conditions, such as HIV or cancer. In the UK alone, over 900 million prescriptions are dispensed every year. Overseeing all of this are pharmacists: experts in medicines and their use. The Integrated Foundations of Pharmacy series supports those who are at the beginning of their journey to become a pharmacist. The reader will begin to understand how a drug molecule is made; the process that turns it into a medicine; the role the pharmacist has when dispensing that medicine; and what happens in the body when it is taken. Most importantly, the series shows how each of these aspects are integrated, reflecting the most up-to-date teaching practices. Pharmaceutics: the science of medicine design explores the different forms that medicines can take, and demonstrates how being able to select the best form - be it a tablet, injectable liquid, or an inhaled gas - requires an understanding of how chemicals behave in different physical states. Online Resource Centre The Online Resource Centre to accompany Pharmaceutics: the science of medicine design features: For registered adopters of the book: - Figures from the book, available to download. For students: - Self-assessment questions to help the reader to check and reinforce understanding of the material introduced in each chapter.

Pharmaceutics

The Science of Medicine Design
Author: Philip Denton,Chris Rostron
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199655316
Category: Medical
Page: 273
View: 3348
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Taking medication is a common occurrence for many people, whether it is to soothe an aching head, regulate blood sugars, or to treat life threatening conditions, such as HIV or cancer. In the UK alone, over 900 million prescriptions are dispensed every year. Overseeing all of this are pharmacists: experts in medicines and their use. The Integrated Foundations of Pharmacy series supports those who are at the beginning of their journey to become a pharmacist. The reader will begin to understand how a drug molecule is made; the process that turns it into a medicine; the role the pharmacist has when dispensing that medicine; and what happens in the body when it is taken. Most importantly, the series shows how each of these aspects are integrated, reflecting the most up-to-date teaching practices. Pharmaceutics: the science of medicine design explores the different forms that medicines can take, and demonstrates how being able to select the best form - be it a tablet, injectable liquid, or an inhaled gas - requires an understanding of how chemicals behave in different physical states. Online Resource Centre The Online Resource Centre to accompany Pharmaceutics: the science of medicine design features: For registered adopters of the book: - Figures from the book, available to download. For students: - Self-assessment questions to help the reader to check and reinforce understanding of the material introduced in each chapter.

Water-Insoluble Drug Formulation, Second Edition


Author: Ron Liu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420009552
Category: Medical
Page: 688
View: 420
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Scientists have attributed more than 40 percent of the failures in new drug development to poor biopharmaceutical properties, particularly water insolubility. Issues surrounding water insolubility can postpone, or completely derail, important new drug development. Even much-needed reformulation of currently marketed products can be significantly affected by these challenges. Water Insolubility is the Primary Culprit in over 40% of New Drug Development Failures The most comprehensive resource on the topic, this second edition of Water Insoluble Drug Formulation brings together a distinguished team of experts to provide the scientific background and step-by-step guidance needed to deal with solubility issues in drug development. Twenty-three chapters systematically describe solubility properties and their impact on formulation, from theory to industrial practice. With detailed discussion on how these properties contribute to solubilization and dissolution, the text also features six brand new chapters on water-insoluble drugs, exploring regulatory aspects, pharmacokinetic behavior, early phase formulation strategies, lipid based systems for oral delivery, modified release of insoluble drugs, and scalable manufacturing aspects. The book includes more than 15 water-insoluble drug delivery systems or technologies, illustrated with case studies featuring oral and parenteral applications. Highlighting the most current information and data available, this seminal volume reflects the significant progress that has been made in nearly all aspects of this field.

The Quality Control of Medicines

Proceedings of the 35th International Congress of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dublin, 1975
Author: P.B. Deasy,R.F. Timoney
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483165027
Category: Medical
Page: 412
View: 4155
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Quality Control of Medicines documents the proceedings of the 35th International Congress of Pharmaceutical Sciences, organized by the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland on behalf of the Federation Internationale Pharmaceutique, held in Dublin, on 1-5 September 1975. The theme chosen for the Congress was ""the basis for the quality control of medicines"", because of the importance and relevance of quality control in the production and distribution of medicines at national and international levels. This volume is arranged according to the manner in which the theme of the Congress was developed by the eminent invited speakers. Following the inaugural address a main symposium was held where five speakers presented a review of the quality control of medicines under the general headings of (i) chemical and physical aspects; (ii) biological aspects; (iii) control of drug delivery systems; (iv) storage problems; and (v) problems of international control. Certain aspects of the content of the main symposium were then developed in greater depth in parallel symposia. In the first parallel symposium some novel physicochemical aspects of the quality control of medicines were treated under the headings of spectrofluorimetry, mass spectrometry, detection in gas chromatography, and automation in pharmaceutical analysis. The second parallel symposium developed certain microbiological aspects of quality control under the headings of sterility testing and microbiological control of non-sterile products and ophthalmic preparations. The final symposium on submissions to regulatory bodies and international aspects of drug control covered aspects of politics in submissions, regulatory problems in small countries, and various pharmacopoeial problems.

Essentials of Pharmaceutical Chemistry


Author: Donald Cairns
Publisher: Pharmaceutical Press
ISBN: 0853699798
Category: Medical
Page: 308
View: 4903
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An introduction to pharmaceutical chemistry for undergraduate pharmacy, chemistry and medicinal chemistry students. Essentials of Pharmaceutical Chemistry is a chemistry introduction that covers all of the core material necessary to provide an understanding of the basic chemistry of drug molecules. Now a core text on many university courses, it contains numerous worked examples and problems. The 4th edition includes new chapters on Chromatographic Methods of Analysis, and Medicinal Chemistry - The Science of Drug Design.

Developing Solid Oral Dosage Forms

Pharmaceutical Theory and Practice
Author: Yihong Qiu,Yisheng Chen,Geoff G.Z. Zhang,Lawrence Yu,Rao V. Mantri
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128026375
Category: Medical
Page: 1176
View: 2122
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Developing Solid Oral Dosage Forms: Pharmaceutical Theory and Practice, Second Edition illustrates how to develop high-quality, safe, and effective pharmaceutical products by discussing the latest techniques, tools, and scientific advances in preformulation investigation, formulation, process design, characterization, scale-up, and production operations. This book covers the essential principles of physical pharmacy, biopharmaceutics, and industrial pharmacy, and their application to the research and development process of oral dosage forms. Chapters have been added, combined, deleted, and completely revised as necessary to produce a comprehensive, well-organized, valuable reference for industry professionals and academics engaged in all aspects of the development process. New and important topics include spray drying, amorphous solid dispersion using hot-melt extrusion, modeling and simulation, bioequivalence of complex modified-released dosage forms, biowaivers, and much more. Written and edited by an international team of leading experts with experience and knowledge across industry, academia, and regulatory settings Includes new chapters covering the pharmaceutical applications of surface phenomenon, predictive biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics, the development of formulations for drug discovery support, and much more Presents new case studies throughout, and a section completely devoted to regulatory aspects, including global product regulation and international perspectives

The Life-Cycle of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment


Author: B.M. Peake,R. Braund,Alfred Tong,Louis A Tremblay
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 190881845X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 268
View: 2120
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Life-Cycle of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment identifies pathways of entry of pharmaceuticals into the environment, beginning with the role of global prescribing and disposal practices. The book then discusses typical levels of common pharmaceuticals and how they can be determined in natural waters such as raw and treated sewage, and in potable water. In addition, sections examine methods currently available to degrade pharmaceuticals in natural waters and some of their ecotoxicological impacts, along with future considerations and the growing concept of product stewardship. Encompasses the full lifecycle of common pharmaceuticals, from prescription and dispensing practices to their occurrence in a range of different types of natural waters and their environmental impact Explores the role of the healthcare system and its affect on users Beneficial for environmental engineers involved in the design and operation of appropriate degradation technologies of the pharmaceutical prescription and disposal practices

Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development


Author: Benjamin Blass
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 012411525X
Category: Medical
Page: 580
View: 5518
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development presents the multifaceted process of identifying a new drug in the modern era, providing comprehensive explanations of enabling technologies such as high throughput screening, structure based drug design, molecular modeling, pharmaceutical profiling, and translational medicine, all areas that have become critical steps in the successful development of marketable therapeutics. The text introduces the fundamental principles of drug discovery and development, also discussing important drug targets by class, in vitro screening methods, medicinal chemistry strategies in drug design, principles in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, animal models of disease states, clinical trial basics, and selected business aspects of the drug discovery process. It is designed to enable new scientists to rapidly understand the key fundamentals of drug discovery, including pharmacokinetics, toxicology, and intellectual property." Provides a clear explanation of how the pharmaceutical industry works Explains the complete drug discovery process, from obtaining a lead, to testing the bioactivity, to producing the drug, and protecting the intellectual propertyIdeal for anyone interested in learning about the drug discovery process and those contemplating careers in the industry Explains the transition process from academia or other industries

Public Finance and Public Choice

Analytical Perspectives
Author: John Cullis,Philip R. Jones
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199234787
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 531
View: 1927
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Public Finance and Public Choice provides a comprehensive analysis of the economics of the public sector, taking a diagrammatic approach to the subject. Particular emphasis is given to the public choice and behavioural economics schools of thought.

Handbook of Pharmaceutical Granulation Technology, Third Edition


Author: Dilip M. Parikh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1616310030
Category: Medical
Page: 676
View: 5690
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Third Edition presents all pharmaceutical industry personnel and those in academia with critical updates on the recent advances in granulation technology and changes in FDA regulatory guidelines. Addressing precisely how these recent innovations and revisions affect unit operation of particle generation and granulation, this text assists the reader in selecting the ideal technology for his/her company’s particular drug delivery system. This knowledge helps ensure that regulatory guidelines are followed and met in a cost-effective manner. Here are just a few of the new topics discussed in this revised and expanded handbook: spray drying nanotechnology biotechnologically derived drugs nutraceuticals controlled release drugs particle engineering supercritical fluids concepts of design space process optimization regulation harmonization by global health authorities process controlexpert systems Process Analytical Technology (PAT) regulatory issues in granulation In addition, all chapters in the Handbook of Pharmaceutical Granulation Technology explore the fundamentals of powder characterization, granulation, and state-of-the-art technologies, modeling, application of expert systems, and manufacturing optimization.

Russell, Hugo & Ayliffe's Principles and Practice of Disinfection, Preservation & Sterilization


Author: Adam P. Fraise,Peter A. Lambert,Jean-Yves Maillard
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470755067
Category: Medical
Page: 688
View: 8794
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Highly respected, established text – a definitive reference in its field – covering in detail many methods of the elimination or prevention of microbial growth "highly recommended to hospital and research personnel, especially to clinical microbiologists, infectioncontrol and environmental-safety specialists, pharmacists, and dieticians." New England Journal of Medicine WHY BUY THIS BOOK? Completely revised and updated to reflect the rapid pace of change in this area Updated material on new and emerging technologies, focusing on special problems in hospitals, dentistry and pharmaceutical practice Gives practical advise on problems of disinfection and antiseptics in hospitals Discusses increasing problems of natural and acquired resistance to antibiotics New contributors give a fresh approach to the subject and ensure international coverage Systematic review of sterilization methods, with uses and advantages outlined for each Evaluation of disinfectants and their mechanisms of action

Freeze-Drying/Lyophilization of Pharmaceutical and Biological Products, Third Edition


Author: Louis Rey
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439825769
Category: Medical
Page: 584
View: 2079
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Freeze-drying, or lyophilization, is a well established technology used in the preservation of numerous pharmaceutical and biological products. This highly effective dehydration method involves the removal of water from frozen materials via the direct sublimation of ice. In recent years, this process has met with many changes, as have the regulations that impact lyophilization practices. This volume addresses these changes with revised chapters on emerging developments in lyophilization technology, research, and industry procedures. Providing both a scientific and industrial perspective, this comprehensive text is a valuable resource for all those who use freeze-drying technology.

Drug-Like Properties

Concepts, Structure Design and Methods from ADME to Toxicity Optimization
Author: Li Di,Edward H Kerns
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128013222
Category: Science
Page: 580
View: 7903
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Of the thousands of novel compounds that a drug discovery project team invents and that bind to the therapeutic target, only a fraction have sufficient ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination) properties, and acceptable toxicology properties, to become a drug product that will successfully complete human Phase I clinical trials. Drug-Like Properties: Concepts, Structure Design and Methods from ADME to Toxicity Optimization, Second Edition, provides scientists and students the background and tools to understand, discover, and develop optimal clinical candidates. This valuable resource explores physiochemical properties, including solubility and permeability, before exploring how compounds are absorbed, distributed, and metabolized safely and stably. Review chapters provide context and underscore the importance of key concepts such as pharmacokinetics, toxicity, the blood-brain barrier, diagnosing drug limitations, prodrugs, and formulation. Building on those foundations, this thoroughly updated revision covers a wide variety of current methods for the screening (high throughput), diagnosis (medium throughput) and in-depth (low throughput) analysis of drug properties for process and product improvement. From conducting key assays for interpretation and structural analysis, the reader learns to implement modification methods and improve each ADME property. Through valuable case studies, structure-property relationship descriptions, and structure modification strategies, Drug-Like Properties, Second Edition, offers tools and methods for ADME/Tox scientists through all aspects of drug research, discovery, design, development, and optimization. Provides a comprehensive and valuable working handbook for scientists and students in medicinal chemistry Includes expanded coverage of pharmacokinetics fundamentals and effects Contains updates throughout, including the authors’ recent work in the importance of solubility in drug development; new and currently used property methods, with a reduction of seldom-used methods; and exploration of computational modeling methods

Handbook of Solubility Data for Pharmaceuticals


Author: Abolghasem Jouyban
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439804889
Category: Medical
Page: 552
View: 5306
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Aqueous solubility is one of the major challenges in the early stages of drug discovery. One of the most common and effective methods for enhancing solubility is the addition of an organic solvent to the aqueous solution. Along with an introduction to cosolvency models, the Handbook of Solubility Data for Pharmaceuticals provides an extensive database of solubility for pharmaceuticals in mono solvents and binary solvents. Aqueous solubility data can be found in the Handbook of Aqueous Solubility Data by Samuel Yalkowsky and Yan He. Visit www.crcpress.com for more information. In addition to the experimental efforts to measure the solubility of drugs in mono and mixed solvents, this book discusses the advantages and limitations of a number of mathematical models used to predict the solubility in mono or mixed solvent systems. It covers the pharmaceutical cosolvents and other organic solvents that are used in syntheses, separations, and other pharmaceutical processes. The solutes featured include the available data for official drugs, drug candidates, precursors of drugs, metabolites, and degradation products of pharmaceuticals. The author also presents the solubilities of amino acids since they play an important role in peptide drug properties. Collecting drug solubilities in various cosolvents, this time-saving handbook includes the mixtures and model constants needed to predict undetermined solubilities. It describes mathematical models that enable data to be derived and provides estimates on how drugs are likely to behave in a given cosolvent. A software program and associated user manual are available on the author’s website.

Water and Life

Comparative Analysis of Water Relationships at the Organismic, Cellular, and Molecular Levels
Author: George N. Somero,Charles B. Osmond,Carla L. Bolis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364276682X
Category: Science
Page: 371
View: 9932
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Presenting an analysis of the water relationships of the major groups of organisms: fungi, plants and animals, the text examines water stress at all levels of biological organization. Topics covered include: 1) organic osmotic agents: their distributions, modes of action, and mechanisms of regulation; 2) desiccation stress; mechanisms for preserving cellu lar integrity under conditions of low cellular water activity; 3) water stress and water compartmentation in plants; and 4) freezing stress: the prevention and regulation of ice formation in biological fluids, and mechanisms for overcoming the damaging effects of low temperatures on cellular integrity. Common adaptive strategies in diverse organisms are emphasized, as well as the fundamental physical-chemical properties of aqueous solutions that establish the nature of the interactions among water, low molecular weight solutes and macromolecules.

The British National Bibliography


Author: Arthur James Wells
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 7227
DOWNLOAD NOW »


The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry


Author: Camille Georges Wermuth,David Aldous,Pierre Raboisson,Didier Rognan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 012417213X
Category: Science
Page: 902
View: 967
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry, Fourth Edition provides a practical and comprehensive overview of the daily issues facing pharmaceutical researchers and chemists. In addition to its thorough treatment of basic medicinal chemistry principles, this updated edition has been revised to provide new and expanded coverage of the latest technologies and approaches in drug discovery. With topics like high content screening, scoring, docking, binding free energy calculations, polypharmacology, QSAR, chemical collections and databases, and much more, this book is the go-to reference for all academic and pharmaceutical researchers who need a complete understanding of medicinal chemistry and its application to drug discovery and development. Includes updated and expanded material on systems biology, chemogenomics, computer-aided drug design, and other important recent advances in the field Incorporates extensive color figures, case studies, and practical examples to help users gain a further understanding of key concepts Provides high-quality content in a comprehensive manner, including contributions from international chapter authors to illustrate the global nature of medicinal chemistry and drug development research An image bank is available for instructors at www.textbooks.elsevier.com