Physics of Tsunamis


Author: Boris W. Levin,Mikhail A. Nosov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319240374
Category: Nature
Page: 388
View: 1262
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This second edition reflects significant progress in tsunami research, monitoring and mitigation within the last decade. Primarily meant to summarize the state-of-the-art knowledge on physics of tsunamis, it describes up-to-date models of tsunamis generated by a submarine earthquake, landslide, volcanic eruption, meteorite impact, and moving atmospheric pressure inhomogeneities. Models of tsunami propagation and run-up are also discussed. The book investigates methods of tsunami monitoring including coastal mareographs, deep-water pressure gauges, GPS buoys, satellite altimetry, the study of ionospheric disturbances caused by tsunamis and the study of paleotsunamis. Non-linear phenomena in tsunami source and manifestations of water compressibility are discussed in the context of their contribution to the wave amplitude and energy. The practical method of calculating the initial elevation on a water surface at a seismotectonic tsunami source is expounded. Potential and eddy traces of a tsunamigenic earthquake in the ocean are examined in terms of their applicability to tsunami warning. The first edition of this book was published in 2009. Since then, a few catastrophic events occurred, including the 2011 Tohoku tsunami, which is well known all over the world. The book is intended for researchers, students and specialists in oceanography, geophysics, seismology, hydro-acoustics, geology, and geomorphology, including the engineering and insurance industries.

Physics of Tsunamis


Author: Boris W. Levin,Mikhail A. Nosov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402088566
Category: Science
Page: 327
View: 9531
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Till the very end of the twentieth century tsunami waves (or ‘waves in a harbour’, translated from Japanese) were considered an extremely rare and exotic natural p- nomenon, originating in the ocean and unexpectedly falling upon the seaside as gigantic waves. The 26th of December 2004, when tsunami waves wiped out, in a single day, more than 250,000 human lives, mourned in many countries, turned out to be a tragic date for all mankind. The authors of this book, who have studied tsunami waves for many years, - tended it to be a systematic exposition of modern ideas concerning • The mechanisms of tsunami wave generation • The peculiarities of tsunami wave propagation in the open ocean and of how waves run-up beaches • Methods for tsunami wave registration and the operation of a tsunami warning system • The mechanisms of other catastrophic processes in the ocean related to the se- mic activity of our planet The authors considered their main goal to be the creation of book prese- ing modern knowledge of tsunami waves and of other catastrophes in the ocean to scienti?c researchers and specialists in geophysics, oceanography, seismology, hydroacoustics, geology, geomorphology, civil and seaside engineering, postgr- uate students and students of relevant professions.

e-Study Guide for: Physics of Tsunamis by Boris Levin, ISBN 9781402088551


Author: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1467210048
Category: Education
Page: 6
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Never Highlight a Book Again! Just the FACTS101 study guides give the student the textbook outlines, highlights, practice quizzes and optional access to the full practice tests for their textbook.

Tsunamis

Detection, Monitoring, and Early-Warning Technologies
Author: Antony Joseph
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123850546
Category: Science
Page: 448
View: 9656
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The devastating impacts of tsunamis have received increased focus since the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, the most destructive tsunami in over 400 years of recorded history. The tsunamis that occurred as a result of the earthquake in Japan in March 2011 further emphasized the need for detection, monitoring, and early-warning technologies. This professional reference is the first of its kind: it provides a globally inclusive review of the current state of tsunami detection technology and will be a much-needed resource for oceanographers and marine engineers working to upgrade and integrate their tsunami warning systems. It focuses on the two main tsunami warning systems (TWS): International and Regional. Featured are comparative assessments of detection, monitoring, and real-time reporting technologies. The challenges of detection through remote measuring stations are also addressed, as well as the historical and scientific aspects of tsunamis. Offers readers the only source of practical content on the technological details of the subject Written by a tsunami detection and monitoring expert who has 32 years of experience in the field Companion web site featuring multi-media components, timely updates on fast-paced technological developments, and an online forum where scientists can exchange ideas, discuss technological updates and provide the author with valuable feedback

Tsunamis


Author: Timothy M. Kusky
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438117639
Category: Electronic books
Page: 157
View: 570
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Discusses the many aspects of the generation, movement, and effects of tsunamis. This book includes analysis of the triggering mechanisms for tsunamis, the physics and historical effects, the various warning systems, and individual cases of tsunamis around the world. It features black-and-white photographs and illustrations.

The Power of the Sea

Tsunamis, Storm Surges, Rogue Waves, and Our Quest to Predict Disasters
Author: Bruce Parker
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 0230120741
Category: Nature
Page: 320
View: 1790
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A history of natural disasters and scientific discoveries chronicles man's struggle to understand the sea and use that knowledge to predict such phenomena as storm surges, floods, and tsunamis.

Introduction to the Physics of Landslides

Lecture notes on the dynamics of mass wasting
Author: Fabio Vittorio de Blasio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400711228
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 4133
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Landslides represent one of the most destructive natural catastrophes. They can reach extremely long distances and velocities, and are capable of wiping out human communities and settlements. Yet landslides have a creative facet as they contribute to the modification of the landscape. They are the consequence of the gravity pull jointly with the tectonic disturbance of our living planet. Landslides are most often studied within a geotechnical and geomorphological perspective. Engineering calculations are traditionally applied to the stability of terrains. In this book, landslides are viewed as a physical phenomenon. A physical understanding of landslides is a basis for modeling and mitigation and for understanding their flow behavior and dynamics. We still know relatively little about many aspects of landslide physics. It is only recently that the field of landslide dynamics is approaching a more mature stage. This is testified by the release of modelling tools for the simulation of landslides and debris flows. In this book the emphasis is placed on the problems at the frontier of landslide research. Each chapter is self-consistent, with questions and arguments introduced from the beginning.

The Science of Ocean Waves

Ripples, Tsunamis, and Stormy Seas
Author: J. B. Zirker
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421410788
Category: Nature
Page: 248
View: 4819
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"Powerful ocean waves fascinate the public, and they have made a lot of news lately." With that indisputable observation, scientist J. B. Zirker takes off on a whirlwind tour of the world of waves—from the "ordinary" waves that constantly churn the sea to the rogues or freaks that can rise up seemingly from nowhere to heights of 20 meters or more... and everything in between. Addressing questions most ocean visitors have had and offering new ones for our consideration, The Science of Ocean Waves explains in accessible language how waves are formed, how they move, how they become huge and destructive, and how they're being studied now for clues that will help us plan for the future. Devoting chapters to wind, tides, currents, breakers, tsunamis, forecasting, renewable energy, and El Niño—as well as discussing the gentler properties of ocean waves which inspire us and offer opportunities for relaxation and recreation—Zirker explores the physical factors that create waves. Drawing on some of the recent storms that have devastated entire regions—such as Hurricane Katrina, the tsunami launched by the 2004 Sumatran earthquake, and the great tsunami that crushed the shore of Japan in 2011—Zirker explains the forces that cause these monster waves and reveals the toll they take on human lives. Enhanced by dozens of illustrations and a comprehensive glossary, The Science of Ocean Waves will fascinate anyone curious about the science behind the headlines. Praise for J. B. Zirker "Scientists know their stuff but are rarely good storytellers, whereas good storytellers rarely possess the necessary sweeping command of a scientific discipline. Zirker is that rare animal who can both communicate the most demanding technical detail and make it accessible."— New Scientist

Waves in Geophysical Fluids

Tsunamis, Rogue Waves, Internal Waves and Internal Tides
Author: John Grue,Karsten Trulsen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3211693564
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 332
View: 9088
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This book describes the forecasting and risk evaluation of tsunamis by tectonic motion, land slides, explosions, run-up, and maps the tsunami sources in the world's oceans. It presents stochastic Monte-Carlo simulations and focusing mechanisms for rogue waves, nonlinear wave models, breather formulas, and the kinematics of the Draupner wave. Coverage also reveals the full story about the discovery of the very large oceanic internal waves.

Tsunami Warning and Preparedness:

An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts
Author: Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the Review of the Tsunami Warning and Forecast System and Overview of the Nation's Tsunami Preparedness,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309137535
Category: Nature
Page: 296
View: 7384
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Many coastal areas of the United States are at risk for tsunamis. After the catastrophic 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean, legislation was passed to expand U.S. tsunami warning capabilities. Since then, the nation has made progress in several related areas on both the federal and state levels. At the federal level, NOAA has improved the ability to detect and forecast tsunamis by expanding the sensor network. Other federal and state activities to increase tsunami safety include: improvements to tsunami hazard and evacuation maps for many coastal communities; vulnerability assessments of some coastal populations in several states; and new efforts to increase public awareness of the hazard and how to respond. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness explores the advances made in tsunami detection and preparedness, and identifies the challenges that still remain. The book describes areas of research and development that would improve tsunami education, preparation, and detection, especially with tsunamis that arrive less than an hour after the triggering event. It asserts that seamless coordination between the two Tsunami Warning Centers and clear communications to local officials and the public could create a timely and effective response to coastal communities facing a pending tsuanami. According to Tsunami Warning and Preparedness, minimizing future losses to the nation from tsunamis requires persistent progress across the broad spectrum of efforts including: risk assessment, public education, government coordination, detection and forecasting, and warning-center operations. The book also suggests designing effective interagency exercises, using professional emergency-management standards to prepare communities, and prioritizing funding based on tsunami risk.

Handbook of Bioterrorism and Disaster Medicine


Author: Robert Antosia,John D. Cahill
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387328041
Category: Medical
Page: 492
View: 3080
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This is an essential portable handbook on bioterrorism and disaster medicine. Its practical and comprehensive text features chapters pertinent to bioterrorism, infectious disease, microbiology, virology, public health, epidemiology, and disaster medicine. It will serve as a practical guide for situation-specific disasters; recognize what injuries or illnesses to expect; provide proactive guidelines to define specific diseases; and give a guide of appropriate personnel protective equipment during these large-scale emergencies. It is an essential companion to those either interested or currently working in any of the aforementioned fields.

Local tsunami hazards in the Pacific Northwest from Cascadia subduction zone earthquakes


Author: Eric L. Geist,Geological Survey (U.S.)
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9784113002625
Category: Cascadia Subduction Zone
Page: 17
View: 9062
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Advances in Geophysics


Author: N.A
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080957005
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 4066
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The critically acclaimed serialized review journal for over 50 years, Advances in Geophysics is a highly respected publication in the field of geophysics. Since 1952, each volume has been eagerly awaited, frequently consulted, and praised by researchers and reviewers alike. Now in its 51st volume, it contains much material still relevant today--truly an essential publication for researchers in all fields of geophysics.

The Wave

In Pursuit of the Rogues, Freaks, and Giants of the Ocean
Author: Susan Casey
Publisher: Anchor
ISBN: 0767928857
Category: Nature
Page: 408
View: 1952
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Traces the recent discovery of physics-defying ocean waves at heights previously thought impossible, describing the efforts of the scientific community to understand the phenomenon, the pursuits of extreme surfers to ride these waves, and the destructivecapabilities of tsunamis.

Tsunami Hazard

A Practical Guide for Tsunami Hazard Reduction
Author: E.N. Bernard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940113362X
Category: Science
Page: 214
View: 9970
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The Fourteenth International Tsunami Symposium held from 31 July to 3 August 1989 in Novosibirsk, U.S.S.R., was sponsored by the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics. Sixty-five scientists from 13 countries met to exchange information on recent advances in tsunami research. The Symposium was a great success due to the enthusiasm of the participants, the quality of research presented, and the great organization provided by the Soviet hosts. Teams of dedicated workers, under the fine leadership of Academician A. S. Alexseev and Dr V. K. Gusiakov, blended social and scientific activities in a memorable fashion. The 62 presentations of the Symposium were divided into six areas of research: generation (7), propagation (12), coastal effects (10), observations (11), seismics and tectonics (10), and hazard mitigation (12). A summary of the research presented appears as the first article in this special issue. Following the Symposium, a team of session chairmen nominated 20 of these oral presentations to be published in a special issue devoted to the International Tsunami Symposium.

The Power of the Sea

Tsunamis, Storm Surges, Rogue Waves, and Our Quest to Predict Disasters
Author: Bruce Parker
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 9780230112247
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 4374
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The Power of the Sea describes our struggle to understand the physics of the sea, so we can use that knowledge to predict when the sea will unleash its fury against us. In a wide-sweeping narrative spanning much of human history, Bruce Parker, former chief scientist of the National Ocean Service, interweaves thrilling and often moving stories of unpredicted natural disaster with an accessible account of scientific discovery. The result is a compelling scientific journey, from ancient man's first crude tide predictions to today's advanced early warning ability based on the Global Ocean Observing System. It is a journey still underway, as we search for ways to predict tsunamis and rogue waves and critical aspects of El Niño and climate change caused by global warming.

Submarine Landslides and Tsunamis


Author: Ahmet C. Yalçiner,Efim N. Pelinovsky,Emile Okal,Costas E. Synolakis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401002053
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 328
View: 5121
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Tsunamis are water waves triggered by impulsive geologic events such as sea floor deformation, landslides, slumps, subsidence, volcanic eruptions and bolide impacts. Tsunamis can inflict significant damage and casualties both nearfield and after evolving over long propagation distances and impacting distant coastlines. Tsunamis can also effect geomorphologic changes along the coast. Understanding tsunami generation and evolution is of paramount importance for protecting coastal population at risk, coastal structures and the natural environment. Accurately and reliably predicting the initial waveform and the associated coastal effects of tsunamis remains one of the most vexing problems in geophysics, and -with few exceptions- has resisted routine numerical computation or data collection solutions. While ten years ago, it was believed that the generation problem was adequately understood for useful predictions, it is now clear that it is not, especially nearfield. By contrast, the runup problem earlier believed intractable is now well understood for all but the most extreme breaking wave events.

Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Tsunamis

Projects and Principles for Beginning Geologists
Author: Matthys Levy,Mario Salvadori
Publisher: Chicago Review Press
ISBN: 1613741642
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 160
View: 3035
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With fascinating experiments, models, and demonstrations, this scientific survey provides a vivid exploration of natural phenomena. Ideal for budding earth scientists, this in-depth resource demonstrates how to build a seismograph to record a simulated earthquake, compare pressure waves and shear waves--the two types of ground shocks--with a Slinky, and replicate a tsunami's destructive effect on a "coastline" built in a bathtub. The chapters answer questions such as "Can animals "predict" earthquakes?" "How have various cultures explained the movement of the earth throughout history? "and "Why do some volcanoes ooze rivers of lava while others blow their tops?" Additional topics include how to earthquake-proof homes, protect oneself during a tremor, and construct simple models to test seismographs.

Introduction to the Physics of Waves


Author: Tim Freegarde
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521197570
Category: Science
Page: 296
View: 9327
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Balancing concise mathematical analysis with real-world examples and practical applications, to provide a clear and approachable introduction to wave phenomena.

Back-of-the-Envelope Physics


Author: Clifford Swartz
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801881641
Category: Science
Page: 176
View: 1784
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Covering such subjects as astronomy, magnetism, optics, sound, heat, mechanics, waves, and electricity, the book provides a rich source of material for teachers and anyone interested in the physics of everyday life.