Physics of Tsunamis


Author: Boris W. Levin,Mikhail A. Nosov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319240374
Category: Nature
Page: 388
View: 909
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This second edition reflects significant progress in tsunami research, monitoring and mitigation within the last decade. Primarily meant to summarize the state-of-the-art knowledge on physics of tsunamis, it describes up-to-date models of tsunamis generated by a submarine earthquake, landslide, volcanic eruption, meteorite impact, and moving atmospheric pressure inhomogeneities. Models of tsunami propagation and run-up are also discussed. The book investigates methods of tsunami monitoring including coastal mareographs, deep-water pressure gauges, GPS buoys, satellite altimetry, the study of ionospheric disturbances caused by tsunamis and the study of paleotsunamis. Non-linear phenomena in tsunami source and manifestations of water compressibility are discussed in the context of their contribution to the wave amplitude and energy. The practical method of calculating the initial elevation on a water surface at a seismotectonic tsunami source is expounded. Potential and eddy traces of a tsunamigenic earthquake in the ocean are examined in terms of their applicability to tsunami warning. The first edition of this book was published in 2009. Since then, a few catastrophic events occurred, including the 2011 Tohoku tsunami, which is well known all over the world. The book is intended for researchers, students and specialists in oceanography, geophysics, seismology, hydro-acoustics, geology, and geomorphology, including the engineering and insurance industries.

e-Study Guide for: Physics of Tsunamis by Boris Levin, ISBN 9781402088551


Author: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1467210048
Category: Education
Page: 6
View: 529
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Never Highlight a Book Again! Just the FACTS101 study guides give the student the textbook outlines, highlights, practice quizzes and optional access to the full practice tests for their textbook.

Tsunamis


Author: Timothy M. Kusky
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438117639
Category: Electronic books
Page: 157
View: 9991
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Discusses the many aspects of the generation, movement, and effects of tsunamis. This book includes analysis of the triggering mechanisms for tsunamis, the physics and historical effects, the various warning systems, and individual cases of tsunamis around the world. It features black-and-white photographs and illustrations.

Physics of Continuous Matter

Exotic and Everyday Phenomena in the Macroscopic World
Author: B. Lautrup
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780750307529
Category: Science
Page: 624
View: 1084
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Offering a modern approach to this most classical of subjects, Physics of Continuous Matter is first and foremost an introduction to the basic concepts and phenomenology of continuous systems, and the derivations of the equations of continuum mechanics from Newtonian mechanics. Although many examples, particularly in the earlier chapters, are taken from geophysics and astrophysics, the author places the emphasis frimly on generic methods and applications. Each chapter begins with a ‘soft’ introduction, placing the discussion within an everyday context, and the level of difficulty then rises steadily, a pattern which is reflected throughout the text as a whole. The necessary mathematical tools are developed in parallel with the physics on a ‘need-to-know’ basis, an approach that avoids lengthy mathematical preliminaries.

Waves in Geophysical Fluids

Tsunamis, Rogue Waves, Internal Waves and Internal Tides
Author: John Grue,Karsten Trulsen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3211693564
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 332
View: 1578
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This book describes the forecasting and risk evaluation of tsunamis by tectonic motion, land slides, explosions, run-up, and maps the tsunami sources in the world's oceans. It presents stochastic Monte-Carlo simulations and focusing mechanisms for rogue waves, nonlinear wave models, breather formulas, and the kinematics of the Draupner wave. Coverage also reveals the full story about the discovery of the very large oceanic internal waves.

Advances in Geophysics


Author: N.A
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080957005
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 1489
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The critically acclaimed serialized review journal for over 50 years, Advances in Geophysics is a highly respected publication in the field of geophysics. Since 1952, each volume has been eagerly awaited, frequently consulted, and praised by researchers and reviewers alike. Now in its 51st volume, it contains much material still relevant today--truly an essential publication for researchers in all fields of geophysics.

Physics Insights Ol Tb 2e


Author: N.A
Publisher: Pearson Education South Asia
ISBN: 9789812478283
Category: Physics
Page: 438
View: 7046
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Handbook of Bioterrorism and Disaster Medicine


Author: Robert Antosia,John D. Cahill
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387328041
Category: Medical
Page: 492
View: 6852
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This is an essential portable handbook on bioterrorism and disaster medicine. Its practical and comprehensive text features chapters pertinent to bioterrorism, infectious disease, microbiology, virology, public health, epidemiology, and disaster medicine. It will serve as a practical guide for situation-specific disasters; recognize what injuries or illnesses to expect; provide proactive guidelines to define specific diseases; and give a guide of appropriate personnel protective equipment during these large-scale emergencies. It is an essential companion to those either interested or currently working in any of the aforementioned fields.

Tsunami Hazard

A Practical Guide for Tsunami Hazard Reduction
Author: E.N. Bernard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940113362X
Category: Science
Page: 214
View: 8151
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The Fourteenth International Tsunami Symposium held from 31 July to 3 August 1989 in Novosibirsk, U.S.S.R., was sponsored by the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics. Sixty-five scientists from 13 countries met to exchange information on recent advances in tsunami research. The Symposium was a great success due to the enthusiasm of the participants, the quality of research presented, and the great organization provided by the Soviet hosts. Teams of dedicated workers, under the fine leadership of Academician A. S. Alexseev and Dr V. K. Gusiakov, blended social and scientific activities in a memorable fashion. The 62 presentations of the Symposium were divided into six areas of research: generation (7), propagation (12), coastal effects (10), observations (11), seismics and tectonics (10), and hazard mitigation (12). A summary of the research presented appears as the first article in this special issue. Following the Symposium, a team of session chairmen nominated 20 of these oral presentations to be published in a special issue devoted to the International Tsunami Symposium.

Local Tsunami Hazards in the Pacific Northwest from Cascadia Subduction Zone Earthquakes


Author: Eric L. Geist
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9784113002625
Category: Nature
Page: 17
View: 9091
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The Power of the Sea

Tsunamis, Storm Surges, Rogue Waves, and Our Quest to Predict Disasters
Author: Bruce Parker
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 9780230112247
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 4763
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The Power of the Sea describes our struggle to understand the physics of the sea, so we can use that knowledge to predict when the sea will unleash its fury against us. In a wide-sweeping narrative spanning much of human history, Bruce Parker, former chief scientist of the National Ocean Service, interweaves thrilling and often moving stories of unpredicted natural disaster with an accessible account of scientific discovery. The result is a compelling scientific journey, from ancient man's first crude tide predictions to today's advanced early warning ability based on the Global Ocean Observing System. It is a journey still underway, as we search for ways to predict tsunamis and rogue waves and critical aspects of El Niño and climate change caused by global warming.

Submarine Landslides and Tsunamis


Author: Ahmet C. Yalçiner,Efim N. Pelinovsky,Emile Okal,Costas E. Synolakis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401002053
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 328
View: 1327
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Tsunamis are water waves triggered by impulsive geologic events such as sea floor deformation, landslides, slumps, subsidence, volcanic eruptions and bolide impacts. Tsunamis can inflict significant damage and casualties both nearfield and after evolving over long propagation distances and impacting distant coastlines. Tsunamis can also effect geomorphologic changes along the coast. Understanding tsunami generation and evolution is of paramount importance for protecting coastal population at risk, coastal structures and the natural environment. Accurately and reliably predicting the initial waveform and the associated coastal effects of tsunamis remains one of the most vexing problems in geophysics, and -with few exceptions- has resisted routine numerical computation or data collection solutions. While ten years ago, it was believed that the generation problem was adequately understood for useful predictions, it is now clear that it is not, especially nearfield. By contrast, the runup problem earlier believed intractable is now well understood for all but the most extreme breaking wave events.

Introduction to the Physics of Landslides

Lecture notes on the dynamics of mass wasting
Author: Fabio Vittorio de Blasio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400711228
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 7755
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Landslides represent one of the most destructive natural catastrophes. They can reach extremely long distances and velocities, and are capable of wiping out human communities and settlements. Yet landslides have a creative facet as they contribute to the modification of the landscape. They are the consequence of the gravity pull jointly with the tectonic disturbance of our living planet. Landslides are most often studied within a geotechnical and geomorphological perspective. Engineering calculations are traditionally applied to the stability of terrains. In this book, landslides are viewed as a physical phenomenon. A physical understanding of landslides is a basis for modeling and mitigation and for understanding their flow behavior and dynamics. We still know relatively little about many aspects of landslide physics. It is only recently that the field of landslide dynamics is approaching a more mature stage. This is testified by the release of modelling tools for the simulation of landslides and debris flows. In this book the emphasis is placed on the problems at the frontier of landslide research. Each chapter is self-consistent, with questions and arguments introduced from the beginning.

Journal of Physics of the Earth


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Geophysics
Page: N.A
View: 5093
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Seismogenic and Tsunamigenic Processes in Shallow Subduction Zones


Author: Jeanne Sauber,Renata Dmowska
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764361464
Category: Science
Page: 776
View: 9317
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Reprint from Pure and Applied Geophysics (PAGEOPH), Volume 154 (1999), No. 3/4

The Physics of Theism

God, Physics, and the Philosophy of Science
Author: Jeffrey Koperski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118932773
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 8518
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The Physics of Theism provides a timely, critical analysis of the ways in which physics intertwines with religion. Koperski brings clarity to a range of arguments including the fine-tuning argument, naturalism, the laws of nature, and the controversy over Intelligent Design. A single author text providing unprecedented scope and depth of analysis of key issues within the Philosophy of Religion and the Philosophy of Science Critically analyses the ways in which physics is brought into play in matters of religion Self-contained chapters allow readers to directly access specific areas of interest The area is one of considerable interest, and this book is a timely and well-conceived contribution to these debates Written by an accomplished scholar working in the philosophy of physics in a style that renders complex arguments accessible

The Physics of Metrology

All about Instruments: From Trundle Wheels to Atomic Clocks
Author: Alex Hebra
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3211783814
Category: Science
Page: 383
View: 2074
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Conceived as a reference manual for practicing engineers, instrument designers, service technicians and engineering students. The related fields of physics, mechanics and mathematics are frequently incorporated to enhance the understanding of the subject matter. Historical anecdotes as far back as Hellenistic times to modern scientists help illustrate in an entertaining manner ideas ranging from impractical inventions in history to those that have changed our lives.

Introduction to the Physics of Cohesive Sediment Dynamics in the Marine Environment


Author: Johan C. Winterwerp,Walther G.M. van Kesteren
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080473734
Category: Science
Page: 576
View: 5189
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This book is an introduction to the physical processes of cohesive sediment in the marine environment. It focuses on highly dynamic systems, such as estuaries and coastal seas. Processes on the continental shelf are also discussed and attention is given to the effects of chemistry, biology and gas. The process descriptions are based on hydrodynamic and soil mechanic principles, which integrate at the soil-water interface. This approach is substantiated through a classification scheme of sediment occurrences in which distinction is made between cohesive and granular material. Emphasis is also placed on the important interactions between turbulent flow and cohesive sediment suspensions, and on the impact of flow-induced forces on the stability of the seabed. An overview of literature on cohesive sediment dynamics is presented and a number of new developments are highlighted, in particular in relation to floc formation, settling and sedimentation, consolidation, bed failure and liquefaction and erosion of the bed. Moreover, it presents a summary on methods and techniques to measure the various sediment properties necessary to quantify the various parameters in the physical-mathematical model descriptions. A number of examples and case studies have been included.

Tsunamis in the World

Fifteenth International Tsunami Symposium, 1991
Author: Stefano Tinti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792323167
Category: Science
Page: 230
View: 6821
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estimate tsunami potential by computing seismic moment. This system holds promise for a new generation of local tsunami warning systems. Shuto (Japan) described his conversion of !ida's definition of tsunami magnitude to local tsunami efforts. For example, i l = 2 would equal 4 m local wave height, which would destroy wooden houses and damage most fishing boats. SimOes (Portugal) reported on a seamount-based seismic system that was located in the tsunami source area for Portugal. In summary, the risk of tsunami hazard appears to be more widespread than the Pacific Ocean Basin. It appears that underwater slumps are an important component in tsunami generation. Finally, new technologies are emerging that would be used in a new generation of tsunami warning systems. These are exciting times for tsunami researchers. OBSERVATIONS TSUNAMI DISPERSION OBSERVED IN THE DEEP OCEAN F. I. GONZALEZl and Ye. A. KULIKOV2 Ipacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA 7600 Sand Point Way, N. E. , Seattle, W A 98115 USA 2State Oceanographic Institute Kropotkinskey per. 6 Moscow 119034, Russia CIS The amplitude and frequency modulation observed in bottom pressure records of the 6 March 1988 Alaskan Bight tsunami are shown to be due to dispersion as predicted by linear wave theory. The simple wave model developed for comparison with the data is also consistent with an important qualitative feature of the sea floor displacement pattern which is predicted by a seismic fault plane deformation model, i. e. the existence of a western-subsidence/eastern-uplift dipole.

Developing Tsunami-Resilient Communities

The National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program
Author: E.N. Bernard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402033537
Category: Science
Page: 184
View: 5478
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As the world grieves over the catastrophic loss of humanity from the 26 December 2004 tsunami, we must resolve to learn from nature’s lessons. This issue provides a framework and a set of tools to develop communities that are resilient to tsunami. This collection of papers represents a starting point on our new journey toward a safer world. The history of tsunami hazard mitigation tracks well with the history of destructive tsunamis in the United States. Following the 1946 Alaska g- erated tsunami that killed 173 people in Hawaii, the Paci?c Tsunami Warning Center was established in Hawaii by a predecessor agency to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Following the 1960 Chilean tsunami that killed 1,000 people in Chile, 61 in Hawaii, and 199 in Japan, the United States formed the Joint Tsunami Research E?ort (JTRE) and sta?ed the International Tsunami Information Center (ITIC) in Hawaii. JTRE was formed to conduct research on tsunamis while ITIC, sponsored by the United Nations, was formed to coordinate tsunami warning e?orts of the Paci?c Countries. Many research and mitigation e?orts were focused on the distant tsunami problem. Following the 1964 Alaskan t- nami that killed 117 in Alaska, 11 in California, and 4 in Oregon, the U. S. was confronted with the local tsunami problem. In response, the U. S. established the Alaska Tsunami Warning Center in Palmer, Alaska. In 1992, a Ms 7.