Political Psychology

Key Readings
Author: John T. Jost,Jim Sidanius
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781841690704
Category: Medical
Page: 497
View: 3296
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Political psychology is a dynamic subfield at the intersection of psychology and political science. The specific relationship between politics and social psychology has been steadily evolving in recent years, making it a compelling and exciting area of study. The chapters in this reader were written by leading scholars in the areas of political science and social psychology. Both contemporary and classic articles are compiled, demonstrating the ever-changing nature of political psychology and offering comprehensive coverage of social psychological research into the processes that have governed local and global affairs in the postmodern world. Topics covered include authoritarianism, political leadership, public opinion, decision-making, prejudice, intergroup relations, terrorism, and revolution.

Political Psychology

Situations, Individuals, and Cases
Author: David Patrick Houghton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113505178X
Category: Political Science
Page: 330
View: 1800
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What shapes political behavior more: the situations in which individuals find themselves, or the internal psychological makeup---beliefs, values, and so on---of those individuals? This is perhaps the leading division within the psychological study of politics today. Political Psychology: Situations, Individuals, and Cases, 2nd edition, provides a concise, readable, and conceptually organized introduction to the topic of political psychology by examining this very question. Using this situationism--dispositionism framework—which roughly parallels the concerns of social and cognitive psychology—this book focuses on such key explanatory mechanisms as behaviorism, obedience, personality, groupthink, cognition, affect, emotion, and neuroscience to explore topics ranging from voting behavior and racism to terrorism and international relations. The new edition includes a new chapter on the psychology of the media and communication. Houghton has also updated the text to analyze recent political events such as the 2012 election, and to include up-and-coming research in the areas of neuroscience, behavioral economics, and more. Houghton's clear and engaging examples directly challenge students to place themselves in both real and hypothetical situations which involve intense moral and political dilemmas. This highly readable text will provide students with the conceptual foundation they need to make sense of the rapidly changing and increasingly important field of political psychology.

Thinking about Political Psychology


Author: James H. Kuklinski
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139439206
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 2363
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In this 2002 volume, political psychologists take a hard look at political psychology. They pose and then address, the kinds of tough questions that those outside the field would be inclined to ask and those inside should be able to answer satisfactorily. Not everyone will agree with the answers the authors provide and in some cases, the best an author can do is offer well-grounded speculations. Nonetheless, the chapters raise questions that will lead to an improved political psychology and will generate further discussion and research in the field. The individual chapters are organised around four themes. Part I tries to define political psychology and provides an overview of the field. Part II raises questions about theory and empirical methods in political psychology. Part III contains arguments ranging from the position that the field is too heavily psychological to the view that it is not psychological enough. Part IV considers how political psychologists might best connect individual-level mental processes to aggregate outcomes.

Political Psychology

New Explorations
Author: Jon A. Krosnick,I-Chant A. Chiang,Tobias H. Stark
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1315445670
Category: Political Science
Page: 540
View: 5356
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In recent decades, research in political psychology has illuminated the psychological processes underlying important political action, both by ordinary citizens and by political leaders. As the world has become increasingly engaged in thinking about politics, this volume reflects exciting new work by political psychologists to understand the psychological processes underlying Americans’ political thinking and action. In 13 chapters, world-class scholars present new in-depth work exploring public opinion, social movements, attitudes toward affirmative action, the behavior of political leaders, the impact of the 9/11 attacks, and scientists’ statements about global warming and gasoline prices. Also included are studies of attitude strength that compare the causes and consequences of various strength-related constructs. This volume will appeal to a wide range of researchers and students in political psychology and political science, and may be used as a text in upper-level courses requiring a scholarly and contemporary review of major issues in the field.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology


Author: Leonie Huddy,David O. Sears,Jack S. Levy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199760101
Category: Philosophy
Page: 986
View: 4534
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Political psychology applies what is known about human psychology to the study of politics. It examines how people reach political decisions on topics such as voting, party identification, and political attitudes as well as how leaders mediate political conflicts and make foreign policy decisions. The Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology gathers together a distinguished group of scholars from around the world to shed light on these vital questions. Focusing first on political psychology at the individual level (attitudes, values, decision-making, ideology, personality) and then moving to the collective (group identity, mass mobilization, political violence), this fully interdisciplinary volume covers models of the mass public and political elites and addresses both domestic issues and foreign policy. Now with new material providing an up-to-date account of cutting-edge research within both psychology and political science, this is an essential reference for scholars and students interested in the intersection of the two fields.

Introduction to Political Psychology

3rd Edition
Author: Martha L. Cottam,Elena Mastors,Thomas Preston,Beth Dietz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131737164X
Category: Political Science
Page: 536
View: 3155
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This comprehensive, user-friendly introductory textbook to political psychology explores the psychological origins of political behavior. The authors introduce readers to a broad range of theories, concepts, and case studies of political activity to illustrate that behavior. The book examines many patterns of political behaviors, including leadership, group behavior, voting, media effects, race, ethnicity, nationalism, social movements, terrorism, war, and genocide. It explores some of the most horrific things people do to each other, as well as how to prevent and resolve conflict – and how to recover from it. The book contains numerous features to enhance understanding, including text boxes highlighting current and historical events to help students see the connection between the world around them and the concepts they are learning. Different research methodologies used in the discipline are employed, such as experimentation and content analysis. The third edition of the book has two new chapters, one on the media, and one on social movements. This accessible and engaging introductory textbook is suitable as a primary text on a range of upper-level courses in political psychology, political behavior, and related fields, including policymaking.

Explorations in Political Psychology


Author: Shanto Iyengar
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822313243
Category: History
Page: 484
View: 8852
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Mapping the territory where political science and psychology intersect, Explorations in Political Psychology offers a broad overview of the the field of political psychology--from its historical evolution as an area of inquiry to the rich and eclectic array of theories, concepts, and methods that mark it as an emerging discipline. In introductory essays, editors Shanto Iyengar and William J. McGuire identify the points of exchange between the disciplines represented and discuss the issues that make up the subfields of political psychology. Bringing together leading scholars from social psychology and political science, the following sections discuss attitude research (the study of political attitudes and opinions); cognition and information-processing (the relationship between the structures of human information-processing and political and policy preferences); and decision making (how people make decisions about political preferences). As a comprehensive introduction to a growing field of interdisciplinary concern, Explorations in Political Psychology will prove a useful guide for historians, social psychologists, and political scientists with an interest in individual political behavior. Contributors. Stephen Ansolabehere, Donald Granberg, Shanto Iyengar, Robert Jervis, Milton Lodge, Roger D. Masters, William J. McGuire, Victor C. Ottati, Samuel L. Popkin, William M. Runyan, David O. Sears, Patrick Stroh, Denis G. Sullivan, Philip E. Tetlock, Robert S. Wyer, Jr.

The Political Psychology of Women in U.S. Politics


Author: Angela L. Bos,Monica C. Schneider
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 113483120X
Category: Political Science
Page: 254
View: 3777
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The Political Psychology of Women in U.S. Politics is a comprehensive resource for students, researchers, and practitioners interested in women and politics. Highly original and drawing from the best available research in psychology and political science, this book is designed to summarize and extend interdisciplinary research that addresses how and why men and women differ as citizens, as political candidates, and as officeholders. The chapters in this volume are focused on differences in the political behavior and perceptions of men and women, yet the chapters also speak to broader topics within American politics – including political socialization, opinion formation, candidate emergence, and voting behavior. Broadly, this volume addresses the causes and consequences of women’s underrepresentation in American government. This book is the ideal resource for students and researchers of all levels interested in understanding the unique political experiences of diverse women, and the importance of rectifying the problem of gender disparities in American politics.

Political Psychology

Cultural and Crosscultural Foundations
Author: S. Renshon,J. Duckitt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230598749
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 6225
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Relationships of culture and political psychology shape a wide range of important contemporary political issues. The distinguished contributors to this book make use of diverse theories of psychology, informed by a broadly comparable understanding of the nature of culture. The book is an important landmark in developing the field of political psychology, developing insights from psychological anthropologists, political scientists and crosscultural psychologists. Critical contemporary social, political and cultural issues of ethnic and crosscultural conflict around the world are crying out for theories making use of the powerful lens of culture along with other refractory frameworks.

Political Psychology


Author: Jon Elster
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521422864
Category: Philosophy
Page: 204
View: 8749
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This provocative book takes up and develops the themes of rationality and irrationality in Jon Elster's earlier work. Its purposes are threefold. First, Elster shows how belief and preference formation in the realm of politics are shaped by social and political institutions. Second, he argues for an important distinction in the social sciences between mechanisms and theories. Third, he illustrates those general principles of political psychology through readings of three outstanding political psychologists: the French classical historian, Paul Veyne; the Soviet dissident writer, Alexander Zinoviev; the great French political theorist, Alexis de Tocqueville.

Political Psychology

Critical Perspectives
Author: Cristian Tileagă
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107017688
Category: Political Science
Page: 234
View: 7121
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This book emphasises the theoretical and methodological diversity of the field of political psychology as a means for understanding political behaviour.

The Palgrave Handbook of Global Political Psychology


Author: Paul Nesbitt-Larking,Catarina Kinnvall,Tereza Capelos
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 1137291192
Category: Political Science
Page: 504
View: 5380
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This ground-breaking collection recalibrates the study of political psychology by providing a detailed and much needed analysis of the discipline's most important and hotly contested issues. Advancing our understanding of the psychological mechanisms that drive political phenomena, this study showcases a range of approaches in the study of these phenomena in Europe and the world and underscores the valuable contribution political psychology has made in generating answers to timely research questions. Individual chapters from the world's top experts in the field explores the ways in which political psychology impacts on issues as diverse as migration, conflict and violence as well as electoral politics while also situating the discipline within the realm of political decision-making and policy on important debates relating to foreign policy and relations, political participation and terrorism amongst a variety of other issues. Furthermore, the collection offers analytical illustrations of Social Identity Theory, psychoanalytic approaches, Dialogical Self Theory, Social Representations Theory and Self-Categorisation Theory, allowing for an in-depth engagement across theoretical contributions to the field. Using theoretical and methodological approaches in conjunction with empirical evidence, this Handbook maps the diverse field of political psychology in its entirety and explores its future direction. The resulting volume is a KEY addition to the libraries of all those who study or harbour an interest in political psychology.

Political Psychology


Author: Kristen Renwick Monroe
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135646600
Category: Psychology
Page: 464
View: 6473
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With a list of contributors that reads like a "Who's Who" of political psychology, this comprehensive volume introduces the major concepts, debates, and themes in the field and provides an overview of its intellectual development, its disparate parts, the major controversies and some suggestions for the future direction of the field.

Political Psychology in International Relations


Author: Rose McDermott
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472022628
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 529
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This outstanding book is the first to decisively define the relationship between political psychology and international relations. Written in a style accessible to undergraduates as well as specialists, McDermott's book makes an eloquent case for the importance of psychology to our understanding of global politics. In the wake of September 11, the American public has been besieged with claims that politics is driven by personality. Saddam Hussein, Osama bin Laden, Kim Chong-Il, Ayatollah Khameinei-America's political rogues' gallery is populated by individuals whose need for recognition supposedly drives their actions on the world stage. How does personality actually drive politics? And how is personality, in turn, formed by political environment? Political Psychology in International Relations provides students and scholars with the analytical tools they need to answer these pressing questions, and to assess their implications for policy in a real and sometimes dangerous world.

The Political Psychology of War Rape

Studies from Bosnia and Herzegovina
Author: Inger Skjelsbæk
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136620915
Category: Social Science
Page: 192
View: 8460
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This book provides a conceptual framework for understanding war rape and its impact, through empirical examination of the case of Bosnia. Providing a contextual understanding of sexual violence in war, and situating Bosnian war rape in relation to subsequent conflicts, the book offers a methodological outline of how sexual violence in war can be studied from a political-psychological perspective. It presents empirical findings from the field that show what war rape can entail in the aftermath of armed conflict for victims and their communities. Through its comprehensive approach to Bosnian experiences, the volume expands the conceptualization of victimhood and challenges the assumption that sexual violence is a particularly difficult theme to study because of victim silence. Rather, the author demonstrates there are many voices that can provide insight and understandings of war rape and its impact without having to compromise the safety and privacy of individual victims. Finally, the book shows the ways in which individual experiences of war rape are shaped by national and international discourses on gender, sexuality and politics. This book will be of interest to students of political psychology, war and conflict studies, European politics, ethnic conflict, politics and IR in general.

African-American Political Psychology

Identity, Opinion, and Action in the Post-Civil Rights Era
Author: T. Philpot,I. White
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230114342
Category: Political Science
Page: 246
View: 9015
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This volume addresses questions such as: How do the unique experiences of Blacks in America influence their political psychology? What are the psychological mechanisms underlying Blacks' orientation toward politics and can these mechanisms help account for observed differences in Black political attitudes and behavior?

Political Psychology


Author: Linda E. Shepherd
Publisher: Barbara Budrich Esser
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 168
View: 4290
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Political psychology exists as an interdisciplinary subfield of two well-established disciplines. From this position it naturally came to encompass a wide range of components, each uniquely equipped for investigations at the intersection of human psychology and political phenomena. Political Psychology provides detailed information describing the state of research in this developing field. The book reviews the evolution of concepts and theories, international influences, methodology, infrastructure, and future trends of the enterprise. Contributors to this volume were chosen for their significant influence in the field of political psychology and their present and past leadership roles in international organizations devoted to the development of the transdiscipline. As a result, the volume includes several critical evaluations of research in political psychology as well as suggestions for continued research which will, in an increasingly globalized context, make important contributions

Political psychology and foreign policy


Author: Eric. Singer,Valerie M. Hudson
Publisher: Westview Pr
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 276
View: 2262
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What impact does personality have on the formation of policy? How did group dynamics affect decision making in the Cuban missile crisis? What is the relationship between birth order and leader personality? Combining a critical overview of past scholarship with the latest empirical findings and conceptualizations, Political Psychology and Foreign Policy addresses these issues while placing political psychology in the larger theoretical context of international relations, including a postmodern critique. For anyone interested in the interrelationship between cognition, perception, personality, and politics, Political Psychology and Foreign Policy offers intriguing insights into classic foreign policy dilemmas. A wide range of methods, models, and foreign policy actors are represented in the volume. Foreign policy scholars will appreciate its critical evaluation of the literature as well as its significant component of original, previously unpublished research.

Citizens and Politics

Perspectives from Political Psychology
Author: James H. Kuklinski
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521593762
Category: Philosophy
Page: 520
View: 5863
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This volume brings together some of the research on citizen decision making.

The Political Psychology of Israeli Prime Ministers

When Hard-Liners Opt for Peace
Author: Yael S. Aronoff
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113995251X
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 5448
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This book examines leaders of the seemingly intractable conflict between Israel and its Palestinian neighbors. It takes as an intellectual target of opportunity six Israeli prime ministers, asking why some of them have persisted in some hard-line positions but others have opted to become peacemakers. This book argues that some leaders do change, and above all it explains why and how such changes come about. This book goes beyond arguing simply that 'leaders matter' by analyzing how their particular belief systems and personalities can ultimately make a difference to their country's foreign policy, especially toward a long-standing enemy. Although no hard-liner can stand completely still in the face of important changes, only those with ideologies that have specific components that act as obstacles to change and who have an orientation toward the past may need to be replaced for dramatic policy changes to take place.