A History of Europe Since 1945
Author: Tony Judt
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1446418022
Category: History
Page: 960
View: 2999
FINALIST FOR THE PULITZER AWARD A magisterial and acclaimed history of post-war Europe, from Germany to Poland, from Western Europe to Eastern Europe, selected as one of New York Times Ten Best Books of the Year Europe in 1945 was drained. Much of the continent was devastated by war, mass slaughter, bombing and chaos. Large areas of Eastern Europe were falling under Soviet control, exchanging one despotism for another. Today, the Soviet Union is no more and the democracies of the European Union reach as far as the borders of Russia itself. Postwar tells the rich and complex story of how we got from there to here, demystifying Europe's recent history and identity, of what the continent is and has been. ‘It is hard to imagine how a better - and more readable - history of the emergence of today's Europe from the ashes of 1945 could ever be written...All in all, a real masterpiece’ Ian Kershaw, author of Hitler

Postwar Japan as History

Author: Andrew Gordon
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520074750
Category: History
Page: 496
View: 486
As they examine three related themes of postwar history, the authors describe an ongoing historical process marked by unexpected changes, such as Japan's extraordinary economic growth, and unanticipated continuities, such as the endurance of conservative rule. --From publisher's description.

Geschichte Europas von 1945 bis zur Gegenwart

Author: Tony Judt
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783596180318
Category: Europa - Geschichte 1945-2005
Page: 1024
View: 7468

Citizenship and Immigration in Postwar Britain

Author: Randall Hansen
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0191583014
Category: Political Science
Page: 316
View: 6672
In this contentious and ground-breaking study, the author draws on extensive archival research to provide a new account of the transforamtion of the United Kingdom into a multicultural society through an analysis of the evolution of immigration and citizenship policy since 1945. Against the prevailing academic orthodoxy, he argues that British immigration policy was not racist but both rational and liberal. - ;In this ground-breaking book, the author draws extensively on archival material and theortical advances in the social science literature. Citizenship and Immigration in Post-war Britain examines the transformation since 1945 of the UK from a homogeneous into a multicultural society. Rejecting a dominant strain of sociological and historical inquiry emphasizing state racism, Hansen argues that politicians and civil servants were overall liberal relative to the public, to which they owed their office, and that they pursued policies that were rational for any liberal democratic politician. He explains the trajectory of British migration and nationality policy - its exceptional liberality in the 1950s, its restrictiveness after then, and its tortured and seemingly racist definition of citizenship. The combined effect of a 1948 imperial definition of citizenship (adopted independently of immigration), and a primary commitment to migration from the Old Dominions, locked British politicians into a series of policy choices resulting in a migration and nationality regime that was not racist in intention, but was racist in effect. In the context of a liberal elite and an illiberal public, Britain's current restrictive migration policies result not from the faling of its policy-makers but from those of its institutions. -


A History of Europe Since 1945
Author: Simon Young
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351352717
Category: History
Page: 100
View: 6881
Tony Judt decided to write Postwar in 1989, the year the collapse of the Soviet Union provided European history with a rare example of a clearly-signposted ‘end of an era’. It's scarcely surprising, then, that the great virtue of Judt's book is the clarity and the breadth of its account of postwar Europe. His book coalesces around one central theme: the idea that the whole of the history of this period can be explained as an unravelling of the consequences of World War II. A bold claim, but Judt’s exceptional ability to create strong, well-structured, inclusive arguments allows him to pull it off convincingly. Judt’s work is also a fine example of creative thinking, in that he excels in connecting things together in new and interesting ways. This virtue extends from his unusual ability to combine the best elements of the Anglo-American and the French historiographical traditions – the latter informing his strong interest in the importance of cultural history – to his unwillingness to allow himself to be constrained by historical category and ultimately to his linguistic abilities. Postwar is, above all, a triumph of integration, something that is only made possible by its author's flair for creating strong, persuasive arguments.

Postwar Economic Reconstruction and Lessons for the East Today

Author: Rudiger Dornbusch,Ford International Professor of Economics Rudiger Dornbusch,Wilhelm Nölling,Richard Layard,P. Richard G. Layard,Professor of Economics and Director of the Center for Economic Performance Richard Layard
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262041362
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 249
View: 1172
The case studies in this book examine significant parallels between the situation in Eastern Europe today and the issues facing Europe and Japan after World War II, offering insights on what kinds of policy actions will be most effective in this difficult period of reconstruction.The breakup of the Soviet Union and the consequent extraordinary problems faced by Eastern European nations raise pressing economic questions. The case studies in this book examine significant parallels between the situation in Eastern Europe today and the issues facing Europe and Japan after World War II, offering insights on what kinds of policy actions will be most effective in this difficult period of reconstruction. The essays address such topics as the relative roles of government and the market; economic openness; industrial conversion from war to peacetime production; the roles of institutions, enterprises, the business community, and their work staffs; and external control of policy measures, of resources made available by the outside world, and of the general external environment. In their introductory chapter, the editors provide an overview that addresses the question of whether reconstruction can ever be managed smoothly.ContentsOpenness, Wage Restraint, and Macroeconomic Stability: West Germany's Road to Prosperity 1948-1959, H. Giersch, K. H. Paqué, M. Schmieding - The Lucky Miracle: Germany 1945-1951, H. Wolf - Inflation and Stabilization in Italy 1946-1951, M. De Cecco and F. Giavazzi - Economic Reconstruction in France 1945-1958, G. Saint-Paul - Reconstruction and the U.K. Postwar Welfare State: False Start and New Beginning, P. Minford - A Perspective on Postwar Reconstruction in Finland, J. Paunio - The Reconstruction and Stabilization of the Postwar Japanese Economy, K. Hamada and M. Kasuya - The Marshall Plan: History's Most Successful Structural Adjustment Program, J. B. De Long and B. Eichengreen - Lessons for Eastern Europe Today, 0. Blanchard, R. Portes, W. Nolling

Hollywood Genres and Postwar America

Masculinity, Family and Nation in Popular Movies and Film Noir
Author: Mike Chopra-Gant
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781850438380
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 219
View: 9321
This is a clear and engrossing account of how popular films in America just after the close of the Second World War played out America's mood at that crucial time. It is also a revisionist challenge to received scholarly understanding of this mood, which has tended to be seen as characterized by an abiding pessimism most clearly manifested in the films noir of the period. Chopra-Gant makes here an important contribution to film genre, which proposes that the 'noir and Zeitgeist' reading is based on the retrospective promotion of selected movies. He turns to the top box office successes of the.

A Concise Companion to Postwar American Literature and Culture

Author: Josephine Hendin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470756381
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 448
View: 6264
This Concise Companion is a guide to the creative output of the United States in the postwar period, in its diverse energies, shapes and forms. Embraces diversity, covering Vietnam literature, gay and lesbian literature, American Jewish fiction, Italian American literature, Irish American writing, emergent ethnic literatures, African American writing, jazz, film, drama and more. Shows how different genres and approaches opened up creative possibilities and interacted in the postwar period. Portrays the postwar United States split by differences of wealth and position, by ethnicity and race, and by agendas of left and right, but united in the intensity of its creative drive.

Courtship Customs in Postwar Spain

Author: Carmen Martín Gaite
Publisher: Bucknell University Press
ISBN: 9780838755747
Category: History
Page: 202
View: 9680
She calls attention to the hypocrisy of the system, to the image versus the reality, and to how certain watchwords like "rationing" and "restriction" went beyond their economic applications to touch on personal behavior and attitudes." "Themes she touches on in the nine chapters (and epilogue) include proper dress and behavior for women; a young woman's limited future; the influence of the Falange (Fascist) party on society and on individual behaviour; the "rebel" girl; family life; sex; cinema and the Spaniard; and courtship and the stages of relationship."

Postwar Vietnam

Dynamics of a Transforming Society
Author: Hy V. Luong
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847698653
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 6543
This historically grounded examination of the dynamics of contemporary society in Vietnam, including cultural, political and economic dimensions, focuses on dynamic tensions both within society and among societal forces, the state, and global capital.

Housing in Postwar Canada

Demographic Change, Household Formation, and Housing Demand
Author: John R. Miron
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780773506145
Category: Political Science
Page: 309
View: 6877
Between 1945 and 1981 the Canadian population doubled, while the number of dwellings more than tripled. John Miron shows how changes in demographic structure and housing affordability affected postwar household formation and housing demand. He argues that no single explanation adequately reflects the extent of the impact of the demographic trends and the economic changes.

Democracy in Post-War Japan

Maruyama Masao and the Search for Autonomy
Author: Rikki Kersten
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136160183
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 351
Democracy in Post-War Japan assesses the development of democracy through the writings of the brilliant political thinker Maruyama Masao. The author explores the significance of Maruyama's notion of personal and social autonomy and its impact on the development of a distinctively Japanese democratic ideal. This book, based on contemporary documents and on interviews with Maruyama, is the only full-scale analysis of his work and thought to be published in English.

Postwar Vietnam

Dilemmas in Socialist Development
Author: David G. Marr,Christine Pelzer White
Publisher: SEAP Publications
ISBN: 9780877271208
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 248
View: 3825
This anthology concentrates on domestic questions, economic policies, and socialist development and ideology. The essays' subjects include such varied topics as education, economics, the military, leadership, and economic assistance and humanitarian aid.

The Postwar Developments of Japanese Studies in the United States

Author: Helen Hardacre
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004109810
Category: History
Page: 423
View: 8850
This volume of twelve essays with useful bibliographies, in the fields of history, art, religion, literature, anthropology, political science, and law, documents the history of United States scholarship on Japan since 1945.

The American Impact on Postwar Germany

Author: Reiner Pommerin
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9781571810953
Category: History
Page: 195
View: 6843
It is only with the benefit of hindsight that the Germans have become acutely aware of how profound and comprehensive was the impact of the United States on their society after 1945.This volume reflect the ubiquitousness of this impact and examines the German responses to it. Contributions by well-known scholars cover politics, industry, social life and mass culture.

Postwar America, 1945-1971

Author: Howard Zinn
Publisher: South End Press
ISBN: 9780896086784
Category: History
Page: 278
View: 5429
Howard Zinn's unique take on this vital period in U.S. history, with a new introduction. The postwar boom in the U.S. brought about massive changes in U.S. society and culture. In this accessible volume, historian Howard Zinn offers a view from below on these vital years in American history. By critically examining U.S. militarism abroad and racism at home, he raises challenging questions about this often romanticized era.

Mayas in Postwar Guatemala

Harvest of Violence Revisited
Author: Walter E. Little,Timothy J. Smith
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817355367
Category: Social Science
Page: 219
View: 8046
Like the original Harvest of Violence, published in 1988, this volume reveals how the contemporary Mayas contend with crime, political violence, internal community power struggles, and the broader impact of transnational economic and political policies in Guatemala. However, this work, informed by long-term ethnographic fieldwork in Mayan communities and commitment to conducting research in Mayan languages, places current anthropological analyses in relation to Mayan political activism and key Mayan intellectuals’ research and criticism. Illustrating specifically how Mayas in this post-war period conceive of their social and political place in Guatemala, Mayas working in factories, fields, and markets, and participating in local, community-level politics provide critiques of the government, the Maya movement, and the general state of insecurity and social and political violence that they continue to face on a daily basis. Their critical assessments and efforts to improve political, social, and economic conditions illustrate their resiliency and positive, nonviolent solutions to Guatemala’s ongoing problems that deserve serious consideration by Guatemalan and US policy makers, international non-government organizations, peace activists, and even academics studying politics, social agency, and the survival of indigenous people. CONTRIBUTORS Abigail E. Adams / José Oscar Barrera Nuñez / Peter Benson / Barbara Bocek / Jennifer L. Burrell / Robert M. Carmack / Monica DeHart / Edward F. Fischer / Liliana Goldín / Walter E. Little / Judith M. Maxwell / J. Jailey Philpot-Munson / Brenda Rosenbaum / Timothy J. Smith / David Stoll

Design and Cultural Politics in Postwar Britain

The "Britain Can Make It" Exhibition of 1946
Author: Patrick Maguire,Jonathan Woodham
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9780718501419
Category: Art
Page: 255
View: 4049
Nine essays and a collection of documents intended as a working tool for students of the post-war period and in particular of design within the period. They discuss the textiles, pottery, and furniture industries in terms of the shifts in meaning and location during the transition from highly controlled wartime production to the more market-based structure that would become characteristic after the immediate reconstruction. Among the specific topics are the place of the exhibition in the history of design; patriotism, politics, and production; adapting utility furniture to peace-time production; and aesthetic idealism and economic reality. Distributed in the US by Books International. The CiP data shows the main title as Popular Politics and Design in Post-War Britain. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Revolution and Subjectivity in Postwar Japan

Author: J. Victor Koschmann
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226451213
Category: History
Page: 293
View: 3174
After World War II, Japanese intellectuals believed that world history was moving inexorably toward bourgeois democracy and then socialism. But who would be the agents—the active "subjects"—of that revolution in Japan? Intensely debated at the time, this question of active subjectivity influenced popular ideas about nationalism and social change that still affect Japanese political culture today. In a major contribution to modern Japanese intellectual history, J. Victor Koschmann analyzes the debate over subjectivity. He traces the arguments of intellectuals from various disciplines and political viewpoints, and finds that despite their stress on individual autonomy, they all came to define subjectivity in terms of deterministic historical structures, thus ultimately deferring the possibility of radical change in Japan. Establishing a basis for historical dialogue about democratic revolution, this book will interest anyone concerned with issues of nationalism, postcolonialism, and the formation of identities.