Processing of Polymer Matrix Composites

Processing and Applications
Author: P.K. Mallick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351643991
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 342
View: 7248
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Polymer matrix composites are finding increasing number of applications due to their high weight-saving potential as well as unique characteristics, such as high strength-to-density ratio, fatigue resistance, high damping factor, and freedom from corrosion. While many textbooks are available on the mechanics of polymer matrix composites, few cover their processing. Processing of Polymer Matrix Composites fills this gap. The book focuses on the major manufacturing processes used for polymer matrix composites and describes process details, process parameters and their effects on properties and process-induced defects, and analytical and experimental methods used for understanding process conditions. The book describes fibers, thermosetting and thermoplastic polymers, and interface characteristics that are important from the standpoint of both design and processing. It also emphasizes the applications of process fundamentals for both continuous fiber and short fiber polymer matrix composites. In addition the book considers quality inspection methods, tooling, and manufacturing costs and environmental and safety issues.

Manufacturing Techniques for Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs)


Author: Suresh G Advani,Kuang-Ting Hsiao
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096257
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 512
View: 6036
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Polymer matrix composites are used extensively across a wide range of industries, making the design and development of effective manufacturing processes of great importance. Manufacturing techniques for polymer matrix composites (PMCs) provides an authoritative review of the different technologies employed in the manufacture of this class of composite. Following an introduction to composites and manufacturing processes, part one reviews the manufacturing of short fiber and nanoparticle based polymer matrix composites, with injection and compression molding examined in depth. Thermoplastic processing is the focus of part two. Sheet forming, fabric thermostamping, filament winding and continuous fiber reinforced profiles are investigated. Part three reviews thermoset processing. A survey of resin transfer molding follows, including vacuum-assisted and compression resin transfer molding. The pultrusion process is then considered, before the book concludes with an investigation into autoclave and out-of-autoclave curing processes in polymer matrix composites. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Manufacturing techniques for polymer matrix composites (PMCs) is an essential guide for engineers and scientists working in the field of polymer matrix composites. Provides an authoritative review of the different technologies employed in the manufacture of polymer matrix composites Reviews the manufacturing of short fiber and nanoparticle-based polymer matrix composites, with injection and compression molding examined in depth Examines thermoplastic processing, sheet forming, fabric thermostamping, filament winding and continuous fiber reinforced profiles

Primary and Secondary Manufacturing of Polymer Matrix Composites


Author: Kishore Debnath,Inderdeep Singh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351230921
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 252
View: 7248
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book offers an insight into the primary and secondary manufacturing of different class of polymer matrix composites (PMCs). The major focus is on the fabrication of a variety of PMCs with substantial coverage of various processing techniques and related advantages and limitations. The book also describes secondary manufacturing processes such as machining and joining of PMCs and provides the know-how related to developing these techniques. It discusses recently commercialized tools and techniques and highlights the opportunities provided by the design and development of newer cutting tools and machining methods. The book covers material selection guidelines, product manufacturability, product development process, and cost-estimating techniques that help readers to understand where a process fits within the overall scheme and which is appropriate for a particular component. This book provides professionals with valuable information related to composites product manufacturing as well as state-of-the-art knowledge in this field.

Composite Materials

Science and Engineering
Author: Krishan K. Cha
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387743642
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 542
View: 3575
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The third edition of Krishan Chawla's widely used textbook, Composite Materials, offers integrated and completely up-to-date coverage of composite materials. The book focuses on the triad of processing, structure, and properties, while providing a well-balanced treatment of the materials science and mechanics of composites. In this edition of Composite Materials, revised and updated throughout, increasing use of composites in industry (especially aerospace and energy) and new developments in the field are highlighted. There is a new chapter on non-conventional composites, which covers polymer, metal and ceramic matrix nanocomposites, self-healing composites, self-reinforced composites, biocomposites and laminates made of metals and polymer matrix composites. The third edition, featuring all figures in color, also includes new solved examples and problems as well as increased coverage of: Carbon/carbon brakes. Composites for civilian aircraft and jet engines. Second generation high-temperature superconducting composites. Composites for use in windmill blades. WC/metal particulate composites. Examples of practical applications in various fields are given throughout the book, and extensive references to the literature are provided. The book is intended for use in graduate and upper-division undergraduate courses, and as a reference for the practicing engineers and researchers in industry and academia.

Machining of Polymer Composites


Author: Jamal Ahmad
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387686196
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 230
View: 380
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This excellent volume will serve as an indispensable reference and source book for process design, tool and production engineers in composite manufacturing. It provides the reader with a comprehensive treatment of the theory of machining as it applies to fiber reinforced polymer composites. It covers the latest technical advances in the area of machining and tooling, and discusses the applications of fiber reinforced polymer composites in the aircraft and automotive industries.

Drilling of Polymer-Matrix Composites


Author: Vijayan Krishnaraj,Redouane Zitoune,J. Paulo Davim
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642383459
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 110
View: 2713
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This brief focus on drilling of polymer matrix composites for aerospace and defence applications. It gives an introduction to machining of polymer composites and discusses drilling as a processing of composites.

Composite Materials and Processing


Author: M. Balasubramanian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439880549
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 648
View: 3727
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Composite Materials and Processing provides the science and technology of processing several composites using different processing methods, and includes collective information on the processing of common and advanced composite materials. It also weighs the advantages and disadvantages of various processing methods. This book is suitable for materials scientists, and graduate students, as well as for practicing engineers in composite industries. The book describes the basis for the performance of different reinforcements and matrix materials, highlights technological advancements, and significant points to consider in various processing methods. It dedicates an entire chapter to carbon-carbon composites, introducing the important properties and applications of various composites, and an additional chapter focuses exclusively on the processing of different nanocomposites. • Offers up-to-date information on composite materials processing • Contains material that is easy to read and understand • Includes study questions and a bibliography in each chapter • Provides simple laboratory experiments in the appendix The author of Composite Materials and Processing takes into consideration that readers may have no prior knowledge about composite materials processing. He breaks down in layman’s terms in-depth information about what composites are, and how they work.

Polymer Matrix Composites and Technology


Author: Ru-Min Wang,Shui-Rong Zheng,Yujun George Zheng
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092227
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 568
View: 4023
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Given such properties as low density and high strength, polymer matrix composites have become a widely used material in the aerospace and other industries. Polymer matrix composites and technology provides a helpful overview of these materials, their processing and performance. After an introductory chapter, part one reviews the main reinforcement and matrix materials used as well as the nature of the interface between them. Part two discusses forming and molding technologies for polymer matrix composites. The final part of the book covers key aspects of performance, including tensile, compression, shear and bending properties as well as impact, fatigue and creep behaviour. Polymer matrix composites and technology provides both students and those in industry with a valuable introduction to and overview of this important class of materials. Provides a helpful overview of these materials, their processing and performance incorporating naming and classification of composite materials Reviews the main reinforcement and matrix materials used as well as the nature of the interface between them including damage mechanisms Discusses forming and molding technologies for polymer matrix composites outlining various techniques and technologies

Experimental Characterization of Advanced Composite Materials


Author: Leif A. Carlsson,Donald F. Adams,R. Byron Pipes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 142003202X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 256
View: 2829
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Over much of the last three decades, the evolution of techniques for characterizing composite materials has struggled to keep up with the advances of composite materials themselves and their broadening areas of application. In recent years, however, much work has been done to consolidate test methods and better understand those being used. Finally, a consensus regarding the best available methods exists, and definitive recommendations can be made. Experimental Characterization of Advanced Composite Materials provides a concise, authoritative treatment of the best available methods for determining the mechanical properties, thermal expansion coefficients, and fracture and strength data for composite materials. With emphasis firmly on practical matters, it presents processing techniques, specimen preparation, analyses of test methods, test procedures, and data reduction schemes. Five chapters that cover specific aspects of lamina testing are followed by discussions that extend these principles to laminate responses. The treatment concludes by exploring composite durability issues with discussions on defects and fracture mechanics. With its concise format, detailed procedures, and expert assessments, this book is an outstanding resource for composites manufacturing and test engineers and lab technicians. It brings together all of the most appropriate and widely accepted test test methods developed to date.

Polymer Matrix Composites


Author: R.E. Shalin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412613302
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 440
View: 5586
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is one of six titles in a coherent and definitive series of volumes dedicated to advanced composite materials research, development and usage in the former Soviet Union. Much of the information presented has been classified until recently. Thus each volume provides a unique insight into hitherto unknown research and development data. The book gives the basic principles used to develop high-strength, high-modulus polymer composites and considers a wide spectrum of parameters associated with such a task. After discussing types of matrix materials, the book progresses to the development and production of fibrous composites, their structure-property relationships, hybrid composite materials and finally the development of these materials in applications such as the aerospace industry. Polymer Matrix Composites will be of interest to anyone engaged in research and development in composite materials science and technology, both in industry and universities.

Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites

CNT Polymer Science and Technology
Author: Marcio Loos
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 145573196X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 304
View: 8310
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites introduces a wide audience of engineers, scientists and product designers to this important and rapidly expanding class of high performance composites. Dr Loos provides readers with the scientific fundamentals of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), CNT composites and nanotechnology in a way which will enable them to understand the performance, capability and potential of the materials under discussion. He also investigates how CNT reinforcement can be used to enhance the mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of polymer composites. Production methods, processing technologies and applications are fully examined, with reference to relevant patents. Finally, health and safety issues related to the use of CNTs are investigated. Dr. Loos compares the theoretical expectations of using CNTs to the results obtained in labs, and explains the reasons for the discrepancy between theoretical and experimental results. This approach makes the book an essential reference and practical guide for engineers and product developers working with reinforced polymers – as well as researchers and students in polymer science, materials and nanotechnology. A wealth of applications information is included, taken from the wide range of industry sectors utilizing CNT reinforced composites, such as energy, coatings, defense, electronics, medical devices, and high performance sports equipment. Introduces a wide range of readers involved in plastics engineering, product design and manufacturing to the relevant topics in nano-science, nanotechnology, nanotubes and composites. Assesses effects of CNTs as reinforcing agents, both in a materials context and an applications setting. Focuses on applications aspects – performance, cost, health and safety, etc – for a wide range of industry sectors, e.g. energy, coatings, defense, electronics, medical devices, high performance sports equipment, etc.

Composite Materials

Engineering and Science
Author: F. L. Matthews,Rees D. Rawlings
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9780849306211
Category: Composite materials
Page: 470
View: 2575
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume focuses on quasilinear elliptic differential equations of degenerate type, evolution variational inequalities, and multidimensional hysteresis. It serves both as a survey of results in the field, and as an introductory text for non-specialists interested in related problems.

A technology assessment of NDE for process control of polymer matrix composite fabrication


Author: H. Thomas Yolken,Nondestructive Testing Information Analysis Center
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Polymeric composites
Page: 51
View: 5465
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Processing Techniques and Tribological Behavior of Composite Materials


Author: Tyagi, Rajnesh
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466675314
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 464
View: 3861
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An understanding of friction and wear behavior of materials is crucial in order to improve their performance and durability. New research is providing the opportunity to solve common problems relating to the development of materials, surface modification, coatings, and processing methods across industries. Processing Techniques and Tribological Behavior of Composite Materials provides relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings on the strategic role of composite tribology in a variety of settings. This book is intended for students, researchers, academicians, and professionals working in industries where wear reduction and performance enhancement of machines and machine elements is essential to success.

Composite Materials

Science and Engineering
Author: Krishan K. Chawla
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475729669
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 483
View: 2394
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Focusing on the relationship between structure and properties, this is a well-balanced treatment of the mechanics and the materials science of composites, while not neglecting the importance of processing. This updated second edition contains new chapters on fatigue and creep of composites, and describes in detail how the various reinforcements, the materials in which they are embedded, and of the interfaces between them, control the properties of the composite materials at both the micro- and macro-levels. Extensive use is made of micrographs and line drawings, and examples of practical applications in various fields are given throughout the book, together with extensive references to the literature. Intended for use in graduate and upper-division undergraduate courses, this book will also prove a useful reference for practising engineers and researchers in industry and academia.

High-Performance Structural Fibers for Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites


Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on High-Performance Structural Fibers for Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309096146
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 70
View: 3898
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Military use of advanced polymer matrix composites (PMC)â€"consisting of a resin matrix reinforced by high-performance carbon or organic fibersâ€"while extensive, accounts for less that 10 percent of the domestic market. Nevertheless, advanced composites are expected to play an even greater role in future military systems, and DOD will continue to require access to reliable sources of affordable, high-performance fibers including commercial materials and manufacturing processes. As a result of these forecasts, DOD requested the NRC to assess the challenges and opportunities associated with advanced PMCs with emphasis on high-performance fibers. This report provides an assessment of fiber technology and industries, a discussion of R&D opportunities for DOD, and recommendations about accelerating technology transition, reducing costs, and improving understanding of design methodology and promising technologies.

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Composite Materials: Processing and manufacturing


Author: Anoush Poursartip,Ken Street
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781855732247
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 768
View: 3371
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Volume 3: Processing and manufacturing

Introduction to Composite Materials Design, Second Edition


Author: Ever J. Barbero
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439894132
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 562
View: 1594
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Presenting a wealth of completely revised examples and new information, Introduction to Composite Materials Design, Second Edition greatly improves on the bestselling first edition. It incorporates state-of-the-art advances in knowledge and design methods that have taken place over the last 10 years, yet maintains the distinguishing features and vital content of the original. New material in this second edition: Introduces new background topics, including design for reliability and fracture mechanics Revises and updates information on polymer matrices, modern fibers (e.g., carbon nanotubes, Basalt, Vectran) and fiber forms such as textiles/fabrics Includes new information on Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding (VARTM) Incorporates major advances in prediction of unidirectional-lamina properties Reworks sections on material failure, including the most advanced prediction and design methodologies, such as in situ strength and Mohr-Coulomb criterion, etc. Covers all aspects of preliminary design, relegating finite element analysis to a separate textbook Discusses methodology used to perform damage mechanics analysis of laminated composites accounting for the main damage modes: longitudinal tension, longitudinal compression, transverse tension, in-plane shear, and transverse compression Presents in-depth analysis of composites reinforced with plain, twill, and satin weaves, as well as with random fiber reinforcements Expands the analysis of thin walled beams with newly developed examples and MATLAB® code Addresses external strengthening of reinforced-concrete beams, columns, and structural members subjected to both axial and bending loads The author distributes 78 fully developed examples throughout the book to illustrate the application of presented analysis techniques and design methodology, making this textbook ideally suited for self-study. Requiring no more than senior undergraduate-level understanding of math and mechanics, it remains an invaluable tool for students in the engineering disciplines, as well as for self-studying, practicing engineers.

Composites, Science, and Technology


Author: R. C. Prasad
Publisher: New Age International
ISBN: 9788122412512
Category: Composite materials
Page: 210
View: 9283
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Advent Of Lightweight, High Strength, Corrosion And Damage Resistant Composites In A Major Breakthrough, Revolutionizing The Use Of Materials In Many High Performance Application. Extensive Scientific Research And Technological Developments Have Resulted In The Production Of Variety Of Composites Vital To Aerospace, Automotive, Medical, Defence, Sporting Goods, Building Materials, Electronic And Marine Applications.Since Composites Are Versatile And Capable Of Being Tailored To Specific Requirements Newer Application Areas Are Opening Up. The Contributions To This Book Have Been Made By Leading Experts Important Topics Covered Include: * Composite Materials Science And Technology * Research And Development In Metal Matrix Composites * Advanced Polymer Composite * Carbon Fibre Composites * Fabrication, Repair And Analysis * Structure And Properties * Environmental Effects.This Book Is A Valuable Resource To Sciencetists And Engineers, Research Establishments And Industries. It Will Also Be Very Helpful To Undergraduate And Post Graduate Students In Enhancing Their Knowledge Of This Interdisciplinary Area.

Recent Advances in the Processing of Wood-Plastic Composites


Author: Jin Kuk Kim,Kaushik Pal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642148774
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 176
View: 2266
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Wood-plastic composite (WPC) is a non-recyclable composite material lumber or timber made of recycled plastic and wood wastes which has become one of the most dynamic sectors of the plastics industry in this decade. It is used in numerous applications, such as, outdoor deck floors, railings, fences, landscaping timbers, park benches, window and door frames. This book starts with a brief glimpse at the basic structures and properties of WPCs. Aspects such as surface treatment, machinery used and testing types of WPCs are also covered. The following chapters of the book give a view of foam technology, flame retardant properties and colour retardant properties of WPCs. The way morphology affects or controls the physical and mechanical behaviours of the finished materials is discussed. Finally, the authors give an overview of the applications of wood-plastic composites in daily life. The book may serve as a source book for scientists wishing to work in this field.