Processing of Polymer Matrix Composites

Processing and Applications
Author: P.K. Mallick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351643991
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 342
View: 9237
Polymer matrix composites are finding increasing number of applications due to their high weight-saving potential as well as unique characteristics, such as high strength-to-density ratio, fatigue resistance, high damping factor, and freedom from corrosion. While many textbooks are available on the mechanics of polymer matrix composites, few cover their processing. Processing of Polymer Matrix Composites fills this gap. The book focuses on the major manufacturing processes used for polymer matrix composites and describes process details, process parameters and their effects on properties and process-induced defects, and analytical and experimental methods used for understanding process conditions. The book describes fibers, thermosetting and thermoplastic polymers, and interface characteristics that are important from the standpoint of both design and processing. It also emphasizes the applications of process fundamentals for both continuous fiber and short fiber polymer matrix composites. In addition the book considers quality inspection methods, tooling, and manufacturing costs and environmental and safety issues.

Manufacturing Techniques for Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs)

Author: Suresh G Advani,Kuang-Ting Hsiao
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096257
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 512
View: 8810
Polymer matrix composites are used extensively across a wide range of industries, making the design and development of effective manufacturing processes of great importance. Manufacturing techniques for polymer matrix composites (PMCs) provides an authoritative review of the different technologies employed in the manufacture of this class of composite. Following an introduction to composites and manufacturing processes, part one reviews the manufacturing of short fiber and nanoparticle based polymer matrix composites, with injection and compression molding examined in depth. Thermoplastic processing is the focus of part two. Sheet forming, fabric thermostamping, filament winding and continuous fiber reinforced profiles are investigated. Part three reviews thermoset processing. A survey of resin transfer molding follows, including vacuum-assisted and compression resin transfer molding. The pultrusion process is then considered, before the book concludes with an investigation into autoclave and out-of-autoclave curing processes in polymer matrix composites. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Manufacturing techniques for polymer matrix composites (PMCs) is an essential guide for engineers and scientists working in the field of polymer matrix composites. Provides an authoritative review of the different technologies employed in the manufacture of polymer matrix composites Reviews the manufacturing of short fiber and nanoparticle-based polymer matrix composites, with injection and compression molding examined in depth Examines thermoplastic processing, sheet forming, fabric thermostamping, filament winding and continuous fiber reinforced profiles

Machining of Polymer Composites

Author: Jamal Ahmad
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387686196
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 230
View: 4525
This excellent volume will serve as an indispensable reference and source book for process design, tool and production engineers in composite manufacturing. It provides the reader with a comprehensive treatment of the theory of machining as it applies to fiber reinforced polymer composites. It covers the latest technical advances in the area of machining and tooling, and discusses the applications of fiber reinforced polymer composites in the aircraft and automotive industries.

Primary and Secondary Manufacturing of Polymer Matrix Composites

Author: Kishore Debnath,Inderdeep Singh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351230921
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 252
View: 7362
This book offers an insight into the primary and secondary manufacturing of different class of polymer matrix composites (PMCs). The major focus is on the fabrication of a variety of PMCs with substantial coverage of various processing techniques and related advantages and limitations. The book also describes secondary manufacturing processes such as machining and joining of PMCs and provides the know-how related to developing these techniques. It discusses recently commercialized tools and techniques and highlights the opportunities provided by the design and development of newer cutting tools and machining methods. The book covers material selection guidelines, product manufacturability, product development process, and cost-estimating techniques that help readers to understand where a process fits within the overall scheme and which is appropriate for a particular component. This book provides professionals with valuable information related to composites product manufacturing as well as state-of-the-art knowledge in this field.

Processing Techniques and Tribological Behavior of Composite Materials

Author: Tyagi, Rajnesh
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466675314
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 464
View: 1418
An understanding of friction and wear behavior of materials is crucial in order to improve their performance and durability. New research is providing the opportunity to solve common problems relating to the development of materials, surface modification, coatings, and processing methods across industries. Processing Techniques and Tribological Behavior of Composite Materials provides relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings on the strategic role of composite tribology in a variety of settings. This book is intended for students, researchers, academicians, and professionals working in industries where wear reduction and performance enhancement of machines and machine elements is essential to success.

Drilling of Polymer-Matrix Composites

Author: Vijayan Krishnaraj,Redouane Zitoune,J. Paulo Davim
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642383459
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 110
View: 8629
This brief focus on drilling of polymer matrix composites for aerospace and defence applications. It gives an introduction to machining of polymer composites and discusses drilling as a processing of composites.

Polymer Matrix Composites and Technology

Author: Ru-Min Wang,Shui-Rong Zheng,Yujun George Zheng
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092227
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 568
View: 7388
Given such properties as low density and high strength, polymer matrix composites have become a widely used material in the aerospace and other industries. Polymer matrix composites and technology provides a helpful overview of these materials, their processing and performance. After an introductory chapter, part one reviews the main reinforcement and matrix materials used as well as the nature of the interface between them. Part two discusses forming and molding technologies for polymer matrix composites. The final part of the book covers key aspects of performance, including tensile, compression, shear and bending properties as well as impact, fatigue and creep behaviour. Polymer matrix composites and technology provides both students and those in industry with a valuable introduction to and overview of this important class of materials. Provides a helpful overview of these materials, their processing and performance incorporating naming and classification of composite materials Reviews the main reinforcement and matrix materials used as well as the nature of the interface between them including damage mechanisms Discusses forming and molding technologies for polymer matrix composites outlining various techniques and technologies

Composite Materials and Processing

Author: M. Balasubramanian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439880549
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 648
View: 5928
Composite Materials and Processing provides the science and technology of processing several composites using different processing methods, and includes collective information on the processing of common and advanced composite materials. It also weighs the advantages and disadvantages of various processing methods. This book is suitable for materials scientists, and graduate students, as well as for practicing engineers in composite industries. The book describes the basis for the performance of different reinforcements and matrix materials, highlights technological advancements, and significant points to consider in various processing methods. It dedicates an entire chapter to carbon-carbon composites, introducing the important properties and applications of various composites, and an additional chapter focuses exclusively on the processing of different nanocomposites. • Offers up-to-date information on composite materials processing • Contains material that is easy to read and understand • Includes study questions and a bibliography in each chapter • Provides simple laboratory experiments in the appendix The author of Composite Materials and Processing takes into consideration that readers may have no prior knowledge about composite materials processing. He breaks down in layman’s terms in-depth information about what composites are, and how they work.

Composite Materials

Science and Engineering
Author: Krishan K. Cha
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387743642
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 542
View: 5506
The third edition of Krishan Chawla's widely used textbook, Composite Materials, offers integrated and completely up-to-date coverage of composite materials. The book focuses on the triad of processing, structure, and properties, while providing a well-balanced treatment of the materials science and mechanics of composites. In this edition of Composite Materials, revised and updated throughout, increasing use of composites in industry (especially aerospace and energy) and new developments in the field are highlighted. There is a new chapter on non-conventional composites, which covers polymer, metal and ceramic matrix nanocomposites, self-healing composites, self-reinforced composites, biocomposites and laminates made of metals and polymer matrix composites. The third edition, featuring all figures in color, also includes new solved examples and problems as well as increased coverage of: Carbon/carbon brakes. Composites for civilian aircraft and jet engines. Second generation high-temperature superconducting composites. Composites for use in windmill blades. WC/metal particulate composites. Examples of practical applications in various fields are given throughout the book, and extensive references to the literature are provided. The book is intended for use in graduate and upper-division undergraduate courses, and as a reference for the practicing engineers and researchers in industry and academia.

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Composite Materials: Processing and manufacturing

Author: Anoush Poursartip,Ken Street
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781855732247
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 768
View: 7747
Volume 3: Processing and manufacturing

Manufacturing Processes for Advanced Composites

Author: Flake C Campbell Jr
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080510989
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 532
View: 9936
• One of very few books available to cover this subject area. • A practical book with a wealth of detail. This book covers the major manufacturing processes for polymer matrix composites with an emphasis on continuous fibre-reinforced composites. It covers the major fabrication processes in detail. Very few books cover the details of fabrication and assembly processes for composites. This book is intended for the engineer who wants to learn more about composite processing: any one with some experience in composites should be able to read it. The author, who has 34 years experience in the aerospace industry, has intentionally left out mathematical models for processes so the book will be readable by the general engineer. It differs from other books on composites manufacturing in focussing almost solely on manufacturing processes, while not attempting to cover materials, test methods, mechanical properties and other areas of composites.

Fiber Reinforced Ceramic Composites

Materials, Processing and Technology
Author: K.S. Mazdiyasni
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 9780815512332
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 515
View: 6415
This book was the first comprehensive treatment of continuous and discontinuous ceramic fiber and whisker reinforced ceramic composites. Particular attention is given to the chemistry of sol-gel derived oxide and preceramic polymer derived nonoxide ceramic fibers and matrices, emphasizing their properties and characteristics. Theory, modeling and processing methodologies used for the research and development and manufacturing of advanced structural ceramic composites are included. The importance of the fiber matrix interface and long-term stability of the reinforcement fibers within a matrix are stressed. Opportunities and needs for ceramic composites as engineering materials are assessed as well.

Ceramic and Polymer Matrix Composites

Properties, Performance, and Applications
Author: Eros Dimitriou,Marco Petralia
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781607418962
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 364
View: 2386
In general, the strength of ceramic materials is influenced by the presence of flaws, originating during the material processing and representing fracture origins to be accordingly a reason of material fracture. In this book, fabrication processes of particle reinforced ceramic are introduced, which provide a useful set of variables for model experimental and theoretical studies. Toughening mechanisms of particle dispersion reinforced ceramic matrix composites are also discussed, and the practice of the composites containing the latest research results are introduced. In addition, the authors discuss the application of the contact and four-point bending tests on monolithic ceramic materials at room temperature to determine the strength of ceramic materials. Other chapters in this book examine fibre reinforced plastics, which are used world-wide in various applications. A novel nanofabrication strategy to develop high dielectric constant nanocomposite is also introduced, as well as a novel approach for systematic investigation of polymer nanocomposites.

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Polymeric Composites

Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Michael R. Kessler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119224438
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 736
View: 2846
The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. This 6th volume Handbook is solely focused on Polymeric Composites. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: Keratin as renewable material for developing polymer composites; natural and synthetic matrices; hydrogels in tissue engineering; smart hydrogels: application in bioethanol production; principle renewable biopolymers; application of hydrogel biocomposites for multiple drug delivery; nontoxic holographic materials; bioplasticizer - epoxidized vegetable oils-based poly (lactic acid) blends and nanocomposites; preparation, characterization and adsorption properties of poly (DMAEA) – cross-linked starch gel copolymer in waste water treatments; study of chitosan crosslinking hydrogels for absorption of antifungal drugs using molecular modelling; pharmaceutical delivery systems composed of chitosan; eco-friendly polymers for food packaging; influence of surface modification on the thermal stability and percentage of crystallinity of natural abaca fiber; influence of the use of natural fibers in composite materials assessed on a life cycle perspective; plant polysaccharides-blended ionotropically-gelled alginate multiple-unit systems for sustained drug release; vegetable oil based polymer composites; applications of chitosan derivatives in wastewater treatment; novel lignin-based materials as a products for various applications; biopolymers from renewable resources and thermoplastic starch matrix as polymer units of multi-component polymer systems for advanced applications; chitosan composites: preparation and applications in removing water pollutants and recent advancements in biopolymer composites for addressing environmental issues.

Experimental Characterization of Advanced Composite Materials, Fourth Edition

Author: Leif A. Carlsson,Donald F. Adams,R. Byron Pipes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439848599
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 379
View: 9582
Over the last three decades, the evolution of techniques for the experimental testing of composite materials has struggled to keep up with the advances and broadening areas of application of the composite materials themselves. In recent years, however, much work has been done to consolidate and better understand the test methods being used. Finally, a consensus regarding the best available methods exists, and definitive recommendations can be made. Experimental Characterization of Advanced Composite Materials provides a succinct, authoritative treatment of the best available methods for determining the mechanical properties, thermal expansion coefficients, and fracture and strength data for composite materials. With an emphasis firmly on practical matters, it presents processing techniques, specimen preparation, analyses of test methods, test procedures, and data reduction schemes. Five chapters covering specific aspects of lamina testing are followed by discussions extending those principles to laminate responses. The treatment concludes by exploring composite durability issues with a detailed examination of defects and fracture mechanics. The Fourth Edition is revised to include: New figures, updated ASTM standards, and an expanded index Major additions in processing of thermoset resins, neat resin tests, sandwich structures, cure analyses, damage tolerance tests, single fiber tests, fiber matrix interface tests, interlaminar tension tests, through-thickness tension and compression tests, open-hole compression tests, falling weight impact tests, compression-after-impact tests, sandwich beam and core tests, and more With its concise format, detailed procedures, and expert assessments, this book is an outstanding resource for composites manufacturing and test engineers, lab technicians, and other industry professionals, as well as students, academia, and government research and engineering organizations. It brings together all of the most appropriate and widely accepted test methods developed to date.

Polymer Matrix Composites

Author: R.E. Shalin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412613302
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 440
View: 7941
This book is one of six titles in a coherent and definitive series of volumes dedicated to advanced composite materials research, development and usage in the former Soviet Union. Much of the information presented has been classified until recently. Thus each volume provides a unique insight into hitherto unknown research and development data. The book gives the basic principles used to develop high-strength, high-modulus polymer composites and considers a wide spectrum of parameters associated with such a task. After discussing types of matrix materials, the book progresses to the development and production of fibrous composites, their structure-property relationships, hybrid composite materials and finally the development of these materials in applications such as the aerospace industry. Polymer Matrix Composites will be of interest to anyone engaged in research and development in composite materials science and technology, both in industry and universities.

Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites

CNT Polymer Science and Technology
Author: Marcio Loos
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 145573196X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 304
View: 8389
Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites introduces a wide audience of engineers, scientists and product designers to this important and rapidly expanding class of high performance composites. Dr Loos provides readers with the scientific fundamentals of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), CNT composites and nanotechnology in a way which will enable them to understand the performance, capability and potential of the materials under discussion. He also investigates how CNT reinforcement can be used to enhance the mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of polymer composites. Production methods, processing technologies and applications are fully examined, with reference to relevant patents. Finally, health and safety issues related to the use of CNTs are investigated. Dr. Loos compares the theoretical expectations of using CNTs to the results obtained in labs, and explains the reasons for the discrepancy between theoretical and experimental results. This approach makes the book an essential reference and practical guide for engineers and product developers working with reinforced polymers – as well as researchers and students in polymer science, materials and nanotechnology. A wealth of applications information is included, taken from the wide range of industry sectors utilizing CNT reinforced composites, such as energy, coatings, defense, electronics, medical devices, and high performance sports equipment. Introduces a wide range of readers involved in plastics engineering, product design and manufacturing to the relevant topics in nano-science, nanotechnology, nanotubes and composites. Assesses effects of CNTs as reinforcing agents, both in a materials context and an applications setting. Focuses on applications aspects – performance, cost, health and safety, etc – for a wide range of industry sectors, e.g. energy, coatings, defense, electronics, medical devices, high performance sports equipment, etc.

Composite Materials

Engineering and Science
Author: F. L. Matthews,Rees D. Rawlings
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9780849306211
Category: Composite materials
Page: 470
View: 4111
This volume focuses on quasilinear elliptic differential equations of degenerate type, evolution variational inequalities, and multidimensional hysteresis. It serves both as a survey of results in the field, and as an introductory text for non-specialists interested in related problems.

Carbon Fiber Composites

Author: Deborah D.L. Chung,Deborah Chung
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080500730
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 215
View: 4335
In Carbon Fiber Composites, the reader is introduced to a wide range of carbon fiber composites, including polymer-matrix, metal matrix, carbon-matrix, ceramic-matrix and hybrid composites. The subject is examined in a tutorial fashion, so that no prior knowledge of the field is required. In contrast to other books on composites, this book emphasizes materials rather than mechanics, as the prominence of composite materials has resulted from their increased presence in applications other than structure. Provides up-to-date information on the entire spectrum of carbon fiber composites Emphasizes processing as the foundation of composite materials development Addresses the processing, properties and applications of each type of material systematically

A technology assessment of NDE for process control of polymer matrix composite fabrication

Author: H. Thomas Yolken,Nondestructive Testing Information Analysis Center
Publisher: N.A
Category: Polymeric composites
Page: 51
View: 3739