Processing of Polymer Matrix Composites

Processing and Applications
Author: P.K. Mallick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351643991
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 342
View: 2079
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Polymer matrix composites are finding increasing number of applications due to their high weight-saving potential as well as unique characteristics, such as high strength-to-density ratio, fatigue resistance, high damping factor, and freedom from corrosion. While many textbooks are available on the mechanics of polymer matrix composites, few cover their processing. Processing of Polymer Matrix Composites fills this gap. The book focuses on the major manufacturing processes used for polymer matrix composites and describes process details, process parameters and their effects on properties and process-induced defects, and analytical and experimental methods used for understanding process conditions. The book describes fibers, thermosetting and thermoplastic polymers, and interface characteristics that are important from the standpoint of both design and processing. It also emphasizes the applications of process fundamentals for both continuous fiber and short fiber polymer matrix composites. In addition the book considers quality inspection methods, tooling, and manufacturing costs and environmental and safety issues.

Manufacturing Techniques for Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs)


Author: Suresh G Advani,Kuang-Ting Hsiao
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096257
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 512
View: 2881
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Polymer matrix composites are used extensively across a wide range of industries, making the design and development of effective manufacturing processes of great importance. Manufacturing techniques for polymer matrix composites (PMCs) provides an authoritative review of the different technologies employed in the manufacture of this class of composite. Following an introduction to composites and manufacturing processes, part one reviews the manufacturing of short fiber and nanoparticle based polymer matrix composites, with injection and compression molding examined in depth. Thermoplastic processing is the focus of part two. Sheet forming, fabric thermostamping, filament winding and continuous fiber reinforced profiles are investigated. Part three reviews thermoset processing. A survey of resin transfer molding follows, including vacuum-assisted and compression resin transfer molding. The pultrusion process is then considered, before the book concludes with an investigation into autoclave and out-of-autoclave curing processes in polymer matrix composites. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Manufacturing techniques for polymer matrix composites (PMCs) is an essential guide for engineers and scientists working in the field of polymer matrix composites. Provides an authoritative review of the different technologies employed in the manufacture of polymer matrix composites Reviews the manufacturing of short fiber and nanoparticle-based polymer matrix composites, with injection and compression molding examined in depth Examines thermoplastic processing, sheet forming, fabric thermostamping, filament winding and continuous fiber reinforced profiles

Primary and Secondary Manufacturing of Polymer Matrix Composites


Author: Kishore Debnath,Inderdeep Singh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351230921
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 252
View: 2675
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book offers an insight into the primary and secondary manufacturing of different class of polymer matrix composites (PMCs). The major focus is on the fabrication of a variety of PMCs with substantial coverage of various processing techniques and related advantages and limitations. The book also describes secondary manufacturing processes such as machining and joining of PMCs and provides the know-how related to developing these techniques. It discusses recently commercialized tools and techniques and highlights the opportunities provided by the design and development of newer cutting tools and machining methods. The book covers material selection guidelines, product manufacturability, product development process, and cost-estimating techniques that help readers to understand where a process fits within the overall scheme and which is appropriate for a particular component. This book provides professionals with valuable information related to composites product manufacturing as well as state-of-the-art knowledge in this field.

Polymer Matrix Composites and Technology


Author: Ru-Min Wang,Shui-Rong Zheng,Yujun George Zheng
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092227
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 568
View: 5019
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Given such properties as low density and high strength, polymer matrix composites have become a widely used material in the aerospace and other industries. Polymer matrix composites and technology provides a helpful overview of these materials, their processing and performance. After an introductory chapter, part one reviews the main reinforcement and matrix materials used as well as the nature of the interface between them. Part two discusses forming and molding technologies for polymer matrix composites. The final part of the book covers key aspects of performance, including tensile, compression, shear and bending properties as well as impact, fatigue and creep behaviour. Polymer matrix composites and technology provides both students and those in industry with a valuable introduction to and overview of this important class of materials. Provides a helpful overview of these materials, their processing and performance incorporating naming and classification of composite materials Reviews the main reinforcement and matrix materials used as well as the nature of the interface between them including damage mechanisms Discusses forming and molding technologies for polymer matrix composites outlining various techniques and technologies

Composite Materials and Processing


Author: M. Balasubramanian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439880549
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 648
View: 4489
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Composite Materials and Processing provides the science and technology of processing several composites using different processing methods, and includes collective information on the processing of common and advanced composite materials. It also weighs the advantages and disadvantages of various processing methods. This book is suitable for materials scientists, and graduate students, as well as for practicing engineers in composite industries. The book describes the basis for the performance of different reinforcements and matrix materials, highlights technological advancements, and significant points to consider in various processing methods. It dedicates an entire chapter to carbon-carbon composites, introducing the important properties and applications of various composites, and an additional chapter focuses exclusively on the processing of different nanocomposites. • Offers up-to-date information on composite materials processing • Contains material that is easy to read and understand • Includes study questions and a bibliography in each chapter • Provides simple laboratory experiments in the appendix The author of Composite Materials and Processing takes into consideration that readers may have no prior knowledge about composite materials processing. He breaks down in layman’s terms in-depth information about what composites are, and how they work.

Drilling of Polymer-Matrix Composites


Author: Vijayan Krishnaraj,Redouane Zitoune,J. Paulo Davim
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642383459
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 110
View: 6548
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This brief focus on drilling of polymer matrix composites for aerospace and defence applications. It gives an introduction to machining of polymer composites and discusses drilling as a processing of composites.

Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) of Polymer Matrix Composites


Author: Vistasp M. Karbhari
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 085709355X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 716
View: 7234
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The increased use of polymer matrix composites in structural applications has led to the growing need for a very high level of quality control and testing of products to ensure and monitor performance over time. Non-destructive evaluation (NDE) of polymer matrix composites explores a range of NDE techniques and the use of these techniques in a variety of application areas. Part one provides an overview of a range of NDE and NDT techniques including eddy current testing, shearography, ultrasonics, acoustic emission, and dielectrics. Part two highlights the use of NDE techniques for adhesively bonded applications. Part three focuses on NDE techniques for aerospace applications including the evaluation of aerospace composites for impact damage and flaw characterisation. Finally, the use of traditional and emerging NDE techniques in civil and marine applications is explored in part four. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Non-destructive evaluation (NDE) of polymer matrix composites is a technical resource for researchers and engineers using polymer matrix composites, professionals requiring an understanding of non-destructive evaluation techniques, and academics interested in this field. Explores a range of NDE and NDT techniques and considers future trends Examines in detail NDE techniques for adhesively bonded applications Discusses NDE techniques in aerospace applications including detecting impact damage, ultrasonic techniques and structural health monitoring

Processing of Composites


Author: Raju S. Davé,Alfred C. Loos
Publisher: Hanser Verlag
ISBN: 9781569902264
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 480
View: 4931
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Composites have been acclaimed to be the "Materials of the Future," Advanced polymer composites, once destined for stealth military aircraft or aerospace uses, are beginning to be used in down-to-earth structures such as bridges, building and highways. The objectives of this book are to provide a quick overview of the fundamental principles underlying composite processing and to summarize the most important processes for composite manufacturing. This book is particularly valuable for students as a graduate-level textbook and practitioners who struggle to optimize these processes.

Repair of Polymer Composites

Methodology, Techniques, and Challenges
Author: Andrew J. Jefferson,V. Arumugam,Hom Dhakal
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081019092
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 474
View: 9202
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Repair of Polymer Composites: Methodology, Techniques, and Challenges discusses fundamental issues related to the repair of composites and their suitability in various industrial sectors, such as aerospace, automotive, marine and construction, etc. The repair of composites is complex and requires a thorough understanding of the various types of damage mechanisms in order to apply the appropriate NDT techniques. This book explores these issues in significant detail and presents systematic procedures and methods, thus serving as a useful reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, academic researchers, engineers and other professionals who are interested in this exciting field of research. Discusses fundamental issues related to the repair of composites and their suitability in various industrial sectors, including aerospace, automotive, marine and construction, etc. Provides comprehensive coverage, from the fundamental aspects, to real applications Serves as a useful reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, academic researchers, engineers and other professionals Presents different types of repair techniques by correlating different parameters and challenges

Carbon Fiber Composites


Author: Deborah D.L. Chung,Deborah Chung
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080500730
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 215
View: 7367
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In Carbon Fiber Composites, the reader is introduced to a wide range of carbon fiber composites, including polymer-matrix, metal matrix, carbon-matrix, ceramic-matrix and hybrid composites. The subject is examined in a tutorial fashion, so that no prior knowledge of the field is required. In contrast to other books on composites, this book emphasizes materials rather than mechanics, as the prominence of composite materials has resulted from their increased presence in applications other than structure. Provides up-to-date information on the entire spectrum of carbon fiber composites Emphasizes processing as the foundation of composite materials development Addresses the processing, properties and applications of each type of material systematically

Processing Techniques and Tribological Behavior of Composite Materials


Author: Tyagi, Rajnesh
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466675314
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 464
View: 7335
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An understanding of friction and wear behavior of materials is crucial in order to improve their performance and durability. New research is providing the opportunity to solve common problems relating to the development of materials, surface modification, coatings, and processing methods across industries. Processing Techniques and Tribological Behavior of Composite Materials provides relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings on the strategic role of composite tribology in a variety of settings. This book is intended for students, researchers, academicians, and professionals working in industries where wear reduction and performance enhancement of machines and machine elements is essential to success.

Composite Materials

Science and Engineering
Author: Krishan K. Chawla
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475729669
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 483
View: 5700
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Focusing on the relationship between structure and properties, this is a well-balanced treatment of the mechanics and the materials science of composites, while not neglecting the importance of processing. This updated second edition contains new chapters on fatigue and creep of composites, and describes in detail how the various reinforcements, the materials in which they are embedded, and of the interfaces between them, control the properties of the composite materials at both the micro- and macro-levels. Extensive use is made of micrographs and line drawings, and examples of practical applications in various fields are given throughout the book, together with extensive references to the literature. Intended for use in graduate and upper-division undergraduate courses, this book will also prove a useful reference for practising engineers and researchers in industry and academia.

Manufacturing Processes for Advanced Composites


Author: Flake C Campbell Jr
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080510989
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 532
View: 6518
DOWNLOAD NOW »
• One of very few books available to cover this subject area. • A practical book with a wealth of detail. This book covers the major manufacturing processes for polymer matrix composites with an emphasis on continuous fibre-reinforced composites. It covers the major fabrication processes in detail. Very few books cover the details of fabrication and assembly processes for composites. This book is intended for the engineer who wants to learn more about composite processing: any one with some experience in composites should be able to read it. The author, who has 34 years experience in the aerospace industry, has intentionally left out mathematical models for processes so the book will be readable by the general engineer. It differs from other books on composites manufacturing in focussing almost solely on manufacturing processes, while not attempting to cover materials, test methods, mechanical properties and other areas of composites.

Manufacturing of Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites


Author: Mohd Sapuan Salit,Mohammad Jawaid,Nukman Bin Yusoff,M. Enamul Hoque
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319079441
Category: Nature
Page: 394
View: 2397
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Natural fibre composite is an emerging material that has great potential to be used in engineering application. Oil palm, sugar palm, bagasse, coir, banana stem, hemp, jute, sisal, kenaf, roselle, rice husk, betul nut husk and cocoa pod are among the natural fibres reported to be used as reinforcing materials in polymer composites. Natural fibre composites were used in many industries such as automotive, building, furniture, marine and aerospace industries. The advantages of natural fibre composites include low cost, renewable, abundance, light weight, less abrasive and they are suitable to be used in semi or non-structural engineering components. Research on various aspects of natural fibre composites such as characterization, determination of properties and design have been extensively carried out. However, publications that reported on research of manufacture of natural fibre composites are very limited. Specifically, although manufacturing methods of components from natural fibre composites are similar to those of components from conventional fibre composites such as glass, carbon and Kevlar fibres, modification of equipment used for conventional fibre composites may be required. This book fills the gap of knowledge in the field of natural fibre composites for the research community. Among the methods reported that are being used to produce components from natural fibre composites include hand lay-up, compression moulding, filament winding, injection moulding, resin transfer moulding, pultrusion and vacuum bag moulding. This book is also intended to address some research on secondary processing such as machining and laser welding of natural fibre composites. It is hoped that publication of this book will provide the readers new knowledge and understanding on the manufacture of natural fibre composites.

Polymer Composites, Macro- and Microcomposites


Author: Sabu Thomas,Kuruvilla Joseph,S. K. Malhotra,Koichi Goda,M. S. Sreekala
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527645233
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 727
View: 4207
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The first systematic reference on the topic with an emphasis on the characteristics and dimension of the reinforcement. This first of three volumes, authored by leading researchers in the field from academia, government, industry, as well as private research institutions around the globe, focuses on macro and micro composites. Clearly divided into three sections, the first offers an introduction to polymer composites, discussing the state of the art, new challenges, and opportunities of various polymer composite systems, as well as preparation and manufacturing techniques. The second part looks at macro systems, with an emphasis on fiber reinforced polymer composites, textile composites, and polymer hybrid composites. Likewise, the final section deals with micro systems, including micro particle reinforced polymer composites, the synthesis, surface modification and characterization of micro particulate fillers and flakes as well as filled polymer micro composites, plus applications and the recovery, recycling and life cycle analysis of synthetic polymeric composites.

Ageing of Composites


Author: Rod Martin
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845694937
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 544
View: 593
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Ageing of composites is a highly topical subject given the increasing use of composites in structural applications in many industries. Ageing of composites addresses many of the uncertainties about the long-term performance of composites and how they age under conditions encountered in service. The first part of the book reviews processes and modelling of composite ageing including physical and chemical ageing of polymeric composites, ageing of glass-ceramic matrix composites, chemical ageing mechanisms, stress corrosion cracking, thermo-oxidative ageing, spectroscopy of ageing composites, modelling physical and accelerated ageing and ageing of silicon carbide composites. Part two examines ageing of composites in transport applications including aircraft, vehicles and ships. Part three reviews ageing of composites in non-transport applications such as implants in medical devices, oil and gas refining, construction, chemical processing and underwater applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Ageing of composites is a valuable reference guide for composite manufacturers and developers. It also serves as a source of information for material scientists, designers and engineers in industries that use composites, including transport, chemical processing and medical engineering. Addresses many of the uncertainties about the long-term performance of composites and how they age under conditions encountered in service Reviews processes and modelling of composite ageing including chemical ageing mechanisms and stress corrosion cracking Discusses ageing of composites in both transport and non-transport applications ranging from aircraft to implants in medical devices

Manufacturing of Polymer Composites


Author: B. Tomas Astrom
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780748770762
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 469
View: 3131
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The potential application areas for polymer composites are vast. While techniques and methodologies for composites design are relatively well established, the knowledge and understanding of post-design issues lag far behind. This leads to designs and eventually composites with disappointing properties and unnecessarily high cost, thus impeding a wider industrial acceptance of polymer composites. Manufacturing of Polymer Composites completely covers pre- and post-design issues. While the book enables students to become fully comfortable with composites as a possible materials choice, it also provides sufficient knowledge about manufacturing-related issues to permit them to avoid common pitfalls and unmanufacturable designs. The book is a fully comprehensive text covering all commercially significant materials and manufacturing techniques while at the same time discussing areas of research and development that are nearing commercial reality.

Fiber-Reinforced Composites

Materials, Manufacturing, and Design, Third Edition
Author: P.K. Mallick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420005987
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 638
View: 9030
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The newly expanded and revised edition of Fiber-Reinforced Composites: Materials, Manufacturing, and Design presents the most up-to-date resource available on state-of-the-art composite materials. This book is unique in that it not only offers a current analysis of mechanics and properties, but also examines the latest advances in test methods, applications, manufacturing processes, and design aspects involving composites. This third edition presents thorough coverage of newly developed materials including nanocomposites. It also adds more emphasis on underlying theories, practical methods, and problem-solving skills employed in real-world applications of composite materials. Each chapter contains new examples drawn from diverse applications and additional problems to reinforce the practical relevance of key concepts. New in The Third Edition: Contains new sections on material substitution, cost analysis, nano- and natural fibers, fiber architecture, and carbon-carbon composites Provides a new chapter on polymer-based nanocomposites Adds new sections on test methods such as fiber bundle tests and interlaminar fracture measurements Expands sections on manufacturing fundamentals, thermoplastics matrix composites, and resin transfer molding Maintaining the trademark quality of its well-respected and authoritative predecessors, Fiber-Reinforced Composites: Materials, Manufacturing, and Design, Third Edition continues to provide a unique interdisciplinary perspective and a logical approach to understanding the latest developments in the field.

Processing of Ceramic and Metal Matrix Composites

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Advances in Processing of Ceramic and Metal Matrix Composites, Halifax, August 20-24, 1989
Author: Hamid Mostaghaci
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483287165
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 490
View: 9564
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Emphasis is on the discussion and analysis of the processing and properties of multiphase structural ceramic materials and metal matrix composites reinforced with ceramic particulates or fibers. This volume represents the state-of-the-art in our understanding of the processing-structure-property interrelationships for these materials which possess unique and useful mechanical and thermal properties as a result of their multiphase nature. Additionally, the reader will find useful information on many new materials and processes currently under investigation.

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites

Criteria, Testing and Industrial Applications
Author: Paul Robinson,Emile Greenhalgh,Silvestre Pinho
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095323
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 464
View: 2560
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Polymer matrix composites are increasingly replacing traditional materials, such as metals, for applications in the aerospace, automotive and marine industries. Because of the relatively recent development of these composites there is extensive on-going research to improve the understanding and modelling of their behaviour – particularly their failure processes. As a consequence there is a strong demand among design engineers for the latest information on this behaviour in order to fully exploit the potential of these materials for a wide range of weight-sensitive applications. Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites explores the main types of composite failure and examines their implications in specific applications. Part one discusses various failure mechanisms, including a consideration of manufacturing defects and addressing a variety of loading forms such as impact and the implications for structural integrity. This part also reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure in composites. Part two investigates the effects of polymer-matrix composite failure in a range of industries including aerospace, automotive and other transport, defence, marine and off-shore applications. Recycling issues and environmental factors affecting the use of composite materials are also considered. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites is a valuable reference for designers, scientists and research and development managers working in the increasing range of industries in which composite materials are extensively used. The book will also be a useful guide for academics studying in the composites field. Discusses various failure mechanisms, including manufacturing defects Reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure Investigates failure in aerospace, automotive, defence, marine and off-shore applications