Rangeland Systems

Processes, Management and Challenges
Author: David D. Briske
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319467093
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 661
View: 3283
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license. This book provides an unprecedented synthesis of the current status of scientific and management knowledge regarding global rangelands and the major challenges that confront them. It has been organized around three major themes. The first summarizes the conceptual advances that have occurred in the rangeland profession. The second addresses the implications of these conceptual advances to management and policy. The third assesses several major challenges confronting global rangelands in the 21st century. This book will compliment applied range management textbooks by describing the conceptual foundation on which the rangeland profession is based. It has been written to be accessible to a broad audience, including ecosystem managers, educators, students and policy makers. The content is founded on the collective experience, knowledge and commitment of 80 authors who have worked in rangelands throughout the world. Their collective contributions indicate that a more comprehensive framework is necessary to address the complex challenges confronting global rangelands. Rangelands represent adaptive social-ecological systems, in which societal values, organizations and capacities are of equal importance to, and interact with, those of ecological processes. A more comprehensive framework for rangeland systems may enable management agencies, and educational, research and policy making organizations to more effectively assess complex problems and develop appropriate solutions.

Viability and Resilience of Complex Systems

Concepts, Methods and Case Studies from Ecology and Society
Author: Guillaume Deffuant,Nigel Gilbert
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642204228
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 9157
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One common characteristics of a complex system is its ability to withstand major disturbances and the capacity to rebuild itself. Understanding how such systems demonstrate resilience by absorbing or recovering from major external perturbations requires both quantitative foundations and a multidisciplinary view on the topic. This book demonstrates how new methods can be used to identify the actions favouring the recovery from perturbations. Examples discussed include bacterial biofilms resisting detachment, grassland savannahs recovering from fire, the dynamics of language competition and Internet social networking sites overcoming vandalism. The reader is taken through an introduction to the idea of resilience and viability and shown the mathematical basis of the techniques used to analyse systems. The idea of individual or agent-based modelling of complex systems is introduced and related to analytically tractable approximations of such models. A set of case studies illustrates the use of the techniques in real applications, and the final section describes how one can use new and elaborate software tools for carrying out the necessary calculations. The book is intended for a general scientific audience of readers from the natural and social sciences, yet requires some mathematics to gain a full understanding of the more theoretical chapters. It is an essential point of reference for those interested in the practical application of the concepts of resilience and viability

Wallowa-Whitman National Forest (N.F.), Westside Rangeland Analysis

Environmental Impact Statement
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 9742
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Restoring Community Connections to the Land

Building Resilience Through Community-based Rangeland Management in China and Mongolia
Author: María E. Fernández-Giménez
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845938941
Category: Nature
Page: 245
View: 8402
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The rangelands of China and Mongolia encompass diverse landscapes of global environmental and cultural significance. Pastoralists in these two nations share much common history and tradition, including their nomadic heritage and twin eras of collectivized production under different centrally planned socialist regimes. This unique collection of case studies describes the change, loss, re-emergence and resilience of seven herder communities located in distinct socio-ecological settings ranging from the Gobi desert of Mongolia to the Tibetan Plateau regions of China's Sichuan and Gansu Provinces. Useful for policy makers within international development and conservation policy, this book is also of interest for researchers and students of rural economics and agriculture.

Complexity and Ecosystem Management

The Theory and Practice of Multi-agent Systems
Author: Marco Janssen
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781781957240
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 344
View: 1843
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The quality of ecosystems is affected by the actions of different stakeholders who use them in a variety of ways. In order to understand this complex relationship between humans and nature, it is vital to understand the complexity of the interacting agents. The authors in this book attempt to do this by applying multi-agent systems to the problems of ecosystem management. The multi-agent approach to ecosystem management is a relatively new and rapidly developing field which takes a formal computational approach towards the interaction of humans with their environment. The authors highlight some of the promising new methodologies which are emerging in the field from disciplines such as computer science and computational social science. They move on to address a number of important topics including diffusion processes, common-pool resources, land use change and the participatory use of models, in an attempt to solve contemporary management issues. They clearly demonstrate the potential utility of multi-agent systems in the context of theoretical problems and practical case studies.

Mapping Poverty and Livestock in the Developing World


Author: N.A
Publisher: ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)
ISBN: 9789291461097
Category: Livestock
Page: 118
View: 7915
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Managing Resources in Erratic Environments

An Analysis of Pastoralist Systems in Ethiopia, Niger and Burkina Faso
Author: Nancy A. McCarthy,Celine Dutilly-Diane
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0896291383
Category: Social Science
Page: 89
View: 2141
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This study analyzes the links between risk and the kinds of property rights that have evolved to provide the mobility necessary to raise livestock in drought-prone countries--in this case Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, and Niger. The study also evaluates the impact of cooperation on resource management in these environments. The express purpose of this research is to contribute to the current debate on resource management in highly variable environments, focusing on the impact of climate variability on and the role of cooperation in resource management. More specifically, a conceptual framework is developed to analyze the impact of climatic variability and cooperative capacity on land allocation patterns, stock densities, and patterns of herd mobility. Overall, the empirical results suggest that effective policies for sustainable land management and crisis-response plans may require the design and implementation of mechanisms to increase cooperative capacity.

Sustainable Land Management Sourcebook


Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821374337
Category: Political Science
Page: 212
View: 2597
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Policies promoting pro-poor agricultural growth are the key to helping countries achieve the Millennium Development Goals especially the goal of halving poverty and hunger by 2015. The public sector, private sector, and civil society organizations are working to enhance productivity and competitiveness of the agricultural sector to reduce rural poverty and sustain the natural resource base. The pathways involve participation by rural communities, science and technology, knowledge generation and further learning, capacity enhancement, and institution building. Sustainable land management (SLM) an essential component of such policies will help to ensure the productivity of agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and hydrology. SLM will also support a range of ecosystem services on which agriculture depends. The 'Sustainable Land Management Sourcebook' provides a knowledge repository of tested practices and innovative resource management approaches that are currently being tested. The diverse menu of options represents the current state of the art of good land management practices. Section one identifies the need and scope for SLM and food production in relation to cross-sector issues such as freshwater and forest resources, regional climate and air quality, and interactions with biodiversity conservation and increasingly valuable ecosystem services. Section two categorizes the diversity of land management systems globally and the strategies for improving household livelihoods in each system type. Section three presents a range of investment notes that summarize good practice, as well as innovative activity profiles that highlight design of successful or innovative investments. Section four identifies easy-to-access, Web-based resources relevant for land and natural resource managers. The 'Sourcebook' is a living document that will be periodically updated and expanded as new material and findings become available on good land management practices. This book will be of interest to project managers and practitioners working to enhance land and natural resource management in developing countries.

Sustainable Production from Livestock in Sub-Saharan Africa

ILCA's Programme Plans and Funding Requirements, 1989-1993
Author: N.A
Publisher: ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)
ISBN: 9789290530961
Category: Animal industry
Page: 93
View: 4831
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Grassland Productivity and Ecosystem Services


Author: Gilles Lemaire
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9781845939007
Category: Electronic books
Page: 287
View: 1883
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Grassland ecosystems are deeply affected by human activities and need appropriate management to optimise trade-offs between ecosystem functions and services. Until now they have mainly been analysed as agro-ecosystems for animal production but this book looks beyond the role of grassland as a feeding ground, and evaluates other important processes such as carbon sequestration in soils, greenhouse gas regulation and biodiversity protection. This authoritative volume expertly highlights the need for an immediate balance between agriculture and ecological management for sustainability in the futu.

Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases: Scientific Understanding, Control and Implementation


Author: J. van Ham,A.P.M. Baede,L.A. Meyer,R. Ybema
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792361992
Category: Nature
Page: 604
View: 1680
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Proceedings of the Second International Symposium, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, 8-10 September 1999

Livestock Asia: a Strategy and Action Plan for Research for Poverty


Author: N.A
Publisher: ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 2421
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Rangeland Management Series: Guidelines for Monitoring Riparian Grazing Systems


Author: N.A
Publisher: UCANR Publications
ISBN: 1601072686
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 4838
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ILRI Medium-Term Plan 2001-2003


Author: N.A
Publisher: ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 4291
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Multiple Stable States in Natural Ecosystems


Author: Peter Petraitis
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191668346
Category: Science
Page: 200
View: 4103
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One of the most interesting and vexing problems in ecology is how distinctly different communities of plants and animals can occur in the same ecosystem. The theory of these systems, known as multiple stable states, is well understood, but whether multiple stable states actually exist in nature has remained a hotly debated subject. Multiple Stable States in Natural Ecosystems provides a broad and synthetic critique of recent advances in theory and new experimental evidence. Modern models of systems with multiple stable states are placed in historical context. Current theories are covered in a rigorous fashion with the specific goal of identifying testable predictions about multiple stable states. The book provides a more synthetic, more critical, and broader analysis of multiple stable states in natural ecosystems than any previous review. By making the theory more transparent and the analysis of the evidence more comparative, the book broadens the discussion about multiple stable states, leading to a more general consideration of the interplay between theory and experiment in community ecology and environmental management. This accessible research monograph will be suitable for graduate students taking courses in community ecology, theoretical ecology, and restoration ecology. It will also be a valuable reference for professional ecologists and environmental managers requiring a concise overview of the topic.

Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook


Author: World Bank,Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO),International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821375881
Category: Social Science
Page: 764
View: 1329
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The 'Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook' provides an up-to-date understanding of gender issues and a rich compilation of compelling evidence of good practices and lessons learned to guide practitioners in integrating gender dimensions into agricultural projects and programs. It is serves as a tool for: guidance; showcasing key principles in integrating gender into projects; stimulating the imagination of practitioners to apply lessons learned, experiences, and innovations to the design of future support and investment in the agriculture sector. The Sourcebook draws on a wide range of experience from World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and other donor agencies, governments, institutions, and groups active in agricultural development. The Sourcebook looks at: access to and control of assets; access to markets, information and organization; and capacity to manage risk and vulnerability through a gender lens. There are 16 modules covering themes of cross-cutting importance for agriculture with strong gender dimensions (Policy, Public Administration and Governance; Agricultural Innovation and Education; Food Security; Markets; Rural Finance; Rural Infrastructure; Water; Land; Labor; Natural Resource Management; and Disaster and Post-Conflict Management) and specific subsectors in agriculture (Crops, Livestock, Forestry, and Fisheries). A separate module on Monitoring and Evaluation is included, responding to the need to track implementation and development impact. Each module contains three different sub-units: (1) A Module Overview gives a broad introduction to the topic and provides a summary of major development issues in the sector and rationale of looking at gender dimension; (2) Thematic Notes provide a brief and technically sound guide in gender integration in selected themes with lessons learned, guidelines, checklists, organizing principles, key questions, and key performance indicators; and (3) Innovative Activity Profiles describe the design and innovative features of recent and exciting projects and activities that have been implemented or are ongoing.

Blueprint for a sustainable economy


Author: David William Pearce,Edward Barbier
Publisher: Earthscan Publications
ISBN: 9781853836824
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 273
View: 2693
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Ten years ago Blueprint for a Green Economy changed the face of economic and environmental policy. It made front page news and introduced the public as well as the professionals to the central role that the environment should play in economic and public policy decisions. Ten years on, David Pearce and Edward Barbier have written the sequel to show what has been achieved, how to consolidate that and what remains to be done. In the clear language which made the earlier book so accessible and influential, they examine the efforts to define and implement the concept of sustainable economic development, its relationship to the use of 'natural' capital and human welfare, and its influence on recent environmental policy debates. They show how far environmental concerns have been integrated into everyday economic decision making--through the valuation of environmental goods and services, cost-benefit techniques, indicators for sustainable development, and the use of market-based instruments for environmental policy making around the world. Yet large, new challenges exist. Global environmental issues such as climate change, biodiversity loss and trade-environment linkages require greater cooperation towards new international agreements, institutions and distributive measures. The complex problems facing many poor economies such as deforestation, land degradation, overpopulation and resource exhaustion will demand the increasing use of environmental economics in development policy making. In all these areas, the authors demonstrate how sustainability can be brought from the periphery to the center of economic management. The book provides a blueprint for the start of a century in which our ultimate dependence on the environment will have to be at the heart of the business and policy decisions we take if we are to achieve genuinely sustainable development for economies all around the globe.

Increasing Resilience to Climate Change in the Agricultural Sector of the Middle East

The Cases of Jordan and Lebanon
Author: Dorte Verner,David Lee,Maximillian Ashwill,Robert Wilby
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821398458
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 168
View: 1968
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This publication aims to increase understanding the challenges and opportunities posed by climate change in the agricultural sector to increase climate resilience. It aims to assit in discussions taking place within governments, including the Ministries of Agriculture and Environment, on how to move forward in building resilience to climate change

Livestock

A Pathway Out of Poverty
Author: N.A
Publisher: ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)
ISBN: N.A
Category: Livestock
Page: 15
View: 1237
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Journal of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Range management
Page: N.A
View: 7705
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