Real Analysis

Foundations and Functions of One Variable
Author: Miklós Laczkovich,Vera T. Sós
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493927663
Category: Mathematics
Page: 483
View: 494
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Based on courses given at Eötvös Loránd University (Hungary) over the past 30 years, this introductory textbook develops the central concepts of the analysis of functions of one variable — systematically, with many examples and illustrations, and in a manner that builds upon, and sharpens, the student’s mathematical intuition. The book provides a solid grounding in the basics of logic and proofs, sets, and real numbers, in preparation for a study of the main topics: limits, continuity, rational functions and transcendental functions, differentiation, and integration. Numerous applications to other areas of mathematics, and to physics, are given, thereby demonstrating the practical scope and power of the theoretical concepts treated. In the spirit of learning-by-doing, Real Analysis includes more than 500 engaging exercises for the student keen on mastering the basics of analysis. The wealth of material, and modular organization, of the book make it adaptable as a textbook for courses of various levels; the hints and solutions provided for the more challenging exercises make it ideal for independent study.

Foundations of Analysis


Author: Joseph L. Taylor
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821889842
Category: Mathematics
Page: 398
View: 8520
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Foundations of Analysis is an excellent new text for undergraduate students in real analysis. More than other texts in the subject, it is clear, concise and to the point, without extra bells and whistles. It also has many good exercises that help illustrate the material. My students were very satisfied with it. --Nat Smale, University of Utah I have taught our Foundations of Analysis course (based on Joe Taylor.s book) several times recently, and have enjoyed doing so. The book is well-written, clear, and concise, and supplies the students with very good introductory discussions of the various topics, correct and well-thought-out proofs, and appropriate, helpful examples. The end-of-chapter problems supplement the body of the text very well (and range nicely from simple exercises to really challenging problems). --Robert Brooks, University of Utah An excellent text for students whose future will include contact with mathematical analysis, whatever their discipline might be. It is content-comprehensive and pedagogically sound. There are exercises adequate to guarantee thorough grounding in the basic facts, and problems to initiate thought and gain experience in proofs and counterexamples. Moreover, the text takes the reader near enough to the frontier of analysis at the calculus level that the teacher can challenge the students with questions that are at the ragged edge of research for undergraduate students. I like it a lot. --Don Tucker, University of Utah My students appreciate the concise style of the book and the many helpful examples. --W.M. McGovern, University of Washington Analysis plays a crucial role in the undergraduate curriculum. Building upon the familiar notions of calculus, analysis introduces the depth and rigor characteristic of higher mathematics courses. Foundations of Analysis has two main goals. The first is to develop in students the mathematical maturity and sophistication they will need as they move through the upper division curriculum. The second is to present a rigorous development of both single and several variable calculus, beginning with a study of the properties of the real number system. The presentation is both thorough and concise, with simple, straightforward explanations. The exercises differ widely in level of abstraction and level of difficulty. They vary from the simple to the quite difficult and from the computational to the theoretical. Each section contains a number of examples designed to illustrate the material in the section and to teach students how to approach the exercises for that section. The list of topics covered is rather standard, although the treatment of some of them is not. The several variable material makes full use of the power of linear algebra, particularly in the treatment of the differential of a function as the best affine approximation to the function at a given point. The text includes a review of several linear algebra topics in preparation for this material. In the final chapter, vector calculus is presented from a modern point of view, using differential forms to give a unified treatment of the major theorems relating derivatives and integrals: Green's, Gauss's, and Stokes's Theorems. At appropriate points, abstract metric spaces, topological spaces, inner product spaces, and normed linear spaces are introduced, but only as asides. That is, the course is grounded in the concrete world of Euclidean space, but the students are made aware that there are more exotic worlds in which the concepts they are learning may be studied.

Foundations of Mathematical Analysis


Author: Richard Johnsonbaugh,W.E. Pfaffenberger
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486134776
Category: Mathematics
Page: 448
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Definitive look at modern analysis, with views of applications to statistics, numerical analysis, Fourier series, differential equations, mathematical analysis, and functional analysis. More than 750 exercises; some hints and solutions. 1981 edition.

Elementary Analysis

The Theory of Calculus
Author: Kenneth A. Ross
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387904597
Category: Mathematics
Page: 264
View: 9785
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Designed for students having no previous experience with rigorous proofs, this text on analysis is intended to follow a standard calculus course. It will be useful for students planning to continue in mathematics (with, for example, complex variables, differential equations, numerical analysis, multivariable calculus, or statistics), as well as for future secondary school teachers.

Mathematical Analysis

Functions of One Variable
Author: Mariano Giaquinta,Giuseppe Modica
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461200075
Category: Mathematics
Page: 353
View: 7149
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For more than two thousand years some familiarity with mathematics has been regarded as an indispensable part of the intellectual equipment of every cultured person. Today the traditional place of mathematics in education is in grave danger. Unfortunately, professional representatives of mathematics share in the reponsibiIity. The teaching of mathematics has sometimes degen erated into empty drill in problem solving, which may develop formal ability but does not lead to real understanding or to greater intellectual indepen dence. Mathematical research has shown a tendency toward overspecialization and over-emphasis on abstraction. Applications and connections with other fields have been neglected . . . But . . . understanding of mathematics cannot be transmitted by painless entertainment any more than education in music can be brought by the most brilliant journalism to those who never have lis tened intensively. Actual contact with the content of living mathematics is necessary. Nevertheless technicalities and detours should be avoided, and the presentation of mathematics should be just as free from emphasis on routine as from forbidding dogmatism which refuses to disclose motive or goal and which is an unfair obstacle to honest effort. (From the preface to the first edition of What is Mathematics? by Richard Courant and Herbert Robbins, 1941.

Intermediate Real Analysis


Author: E. Fischer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461394813
Category: Mathematics
Page: 770
View: 5017
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There are a great deal of books on introductory analysis in print today, many written by mathematicians of the first rank. The publication of another such book therefore warrants a defense. I have taught analysis for many years and have used a variety of texts during this time. These books were of excellent quality mathematically but did not satisfy the needs of the students I was teaching. They were written for mathematicians but not for those who were first aspiring to attain that status. The desire to fill this gap gave rise to the writing of this book. This book is intended to serve as a text for an introductory course in analysis. Its readers will most likely be mathematics, science, or engineering majors undertaking the last quarter of their undergraduate education. The aim of a first course in analysis is to provide the student with a sound foundation for analysis, to familiarize him with the kind of careful thinking used in advanced mathematics, and to provide him with tools for further work in it. The typical student we are dealing with has completed a three-semester calculus course and possibly an introductory course in differential equations. He may even have been exposed to a semester or two of modern algebra. All this time his training has most likely been intuitive with heuristics taking the place of proof. This may have been appropriate for that stage of his development.

Real Analysis

Series, Functions of Several Variables, and Applications
Author: Miklós Laczkovich,Vera T. Sós
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 149397369X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 392
View: 2829
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This book develops the theory of multivariable analysis, building on the single variable foundations established in the companion volume, Real Analysis: Foundations and Functions of One Variable. Together, these volumes form the first English edition of the popular Hungarian original, Valós Analízis I & II, based on courses taught by the authors at Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary, for more than 30 years. Numerous exercises are included throughout, offering ample opportunities to master topics by progressing from routine to difficult problems. Hints or solutions to many of the more challenging exercises make this book ideal for independent study, or further reading. Intended as a sequel to a course in single variable analysis, this book builds upon and expands these ideas into higher dimensions. The modular organization makes this text adaptable for either a semester or year-long introductory course. Topics include: differentiation and integration of functions of several variables; infinite numerical series; sequences and series of functions; and applications to other areas of mathematics. Many historical notes are given and there is an emphasis on conceptual understanding and context, be it within mathematics itself or more broadly in applications, such as physics. By developing the student’s intuition throughout, many definitions and results become motivated by insights from their context.

Mathematical Analysis

An Introduction
Author: Andrew Browder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461207150
Category: Mathematics
Page: 335
View: 1152
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Among the traditional purposes of such an introductory course is the training of a student in the conventions of pure mathematics: acquiring a feeling for what is considered a proof, and supplying literate written arguments to support mathematical propositions. To this extent, more than one proof is included for a theorem - where this is considered beneficial - so as to stimulate the students' reasoning for alternate approaches and ideas. The second half of this book, and consequently the second semester, covers differentiation and integration, as well as the connection between these concepts, as displayed in the general theorem of Stokes. Also included are some beautiful applications of this theory, such as Brouwer's fixed point theorem, and the Dirichlet principle for harmonic functions. Throughout, reference is made to earlier sections, so as to reinforce the main ideas by repetition. Unique in its applications to some topics not usually covered at this level.

Calculus of Several Variables


Author: Serge Lang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461210682
Category: Mathematics
Page: 619
View: 618
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This new, revised edition covers all of the basic topics in calculus of several variables, including vectors, curves, functions of several variables, gradient, tangent plane, maxima and minima, potential functions, curve integrals, Green’s theorem, multiple integrals, surface integrals, Stokes’ theorem, and the inverse mapping theorem and its consequences. It includes many completely worked-out problems.

A Course in Calculus and Real Analysis


Author: Sudhir R. Ghorpade,Balmohan V. Limaye
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387305300
Category: Mathematics
Page: 432
View: 6470
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This book provides a self-contained and rigorous introduction to calculus of functions of one variable, in a presentation which emphasizes the structural development of calculus. Throughout, the authors highlight the fact that calculus provides a firm foundation to concepts and results that are generally encountered in high school and accepted on faith; for example, the classical result that the ratio of circumference to diameter is the same for all circles. A number of topics are treated here in considerable detail that may be inadequately covered in calculus courses and glossed over in real analysis courses.

Mathematical Analysis and Its Inherent Nature


Author: Hossein Hosseini Giv
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470428075
Category: Calculus
Page: 348
View: 2940
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Mathematical analysis is often referred to as generalized calculus. But it is much more than that. This book has been written in the belief that emphasizing the inherent nature of a mathematical discipline helps students to understand it better. With this in mind, and focusing on the essence of analysis, the text is divided into two parts based on the way they are related to calculus: completion and abstraction. The first part describes those aspects of analysis which complete a corresponding area of calculus theoretically, while the second part concentrates on the way analysis generalizes some aspects of calculus to a more general framework. Presenting the contents in this way has an important advantage: students first learn the most important aspects of analysis on the classical space R and fill in the gaps of their calculus-based knowledge. Then they proceed to a step-by-step development of an abstract theory, namely, the theory of metric spaces which studies such crucial notions as limit, continuity, and convergence in a wider context. The readers are assumed to have passed courses in one- and several-variable calculus and an elementary course on the foundations of mathematics. A large variety of exercises and the inclusion of informal interpretations of many results and examples will greatly facilitate the reader's study of the subject.

A Companion to Analysis

A Second First and First Second Course in Analysis
Author: Thomas William Körner
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821834479
Category: Mathematics
Page: 590
View: 2708
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This book not only provides a lot of solid information about real analysis, it also answers those questions which students want to ask but cannot figure how to formulate. To read this book is to spend time with one of the modern masters in the subject. --Steven G. Krantz, Washington University, St. Louis One of the major assets of the book is Korner's very personal writing style. By keeping his own engagement with the material continually in view, he invites the reader to a similarly high level of involvement. And the witty and erudite asides that are sprinkled throughout the book are a real pleasure. --Gerald Folland, University of Washingtion, Seattle Many students acquire knowledge of a large number of theorems and methods of calculus without being able to say how they hang together. This book provides such students with the coherent account that they need. A Companion to Analysis explains the problems which must be resolved in order to obtain a rigorous development of the calculus and shows the student how those problems are dealt with. Starting with the real line, it moves on to finite dimensional spaces and then to metric spaces. Readers who work through this text will be ready for such courses as measure theory, functional analysis, complex analysis and differential geometry. Moreover, they will be well on the road which leads from mathematics student to mathematician. Able and hard working students can use this book for independent study, or it can be used as the basis for an advanced undergraduate or elementary graduate course. An appendix contains a large number of accessible but non-routine problems to improve knowledge and technique.

A Course in Real Analysis


Author: Hugo D. Junghenn
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 148221928X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 613
View: 8686
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A Course in Real Analysis provides a rigorous treatment of the foundations of differential and integral calculus at the advanced undergraduate level. The book’s material has been extensively classroom tested in the author’s two-semester undergraduate course on real analysis at The George Washington University. The first part of the text presents the calculus of functions of one variable. This part covers traditional topics, such as sequences, continuity, differentiability, Riemann integrability, numerical series, and the convergence of sequences and series of functions. It also includes optional sections on Stirling’s formula, functions of bounded variation, Riemann–Stieltjes integration, and other topics. The second part focuses on functions of several variables. It introduces the topological ideas (such as compact and connected sets) needed to describe analytical properties of multivariable functions. This part also discusses differentiability and integrability of multivariable functions and develops the theory of differential forms on surfaces in Rn. The third part consists of appendices on set theory and linear algebra as well as solutions to some of the exercises. A full solutions manual offers complete solutions to all exercises for qualifying instructors. With clear proofs, detailed examples, and numerous exercises, this textbook gives a thorough treatment of the subject. It progresses from single variable to multivariable functions, providing a logical development of material that will prepare students for more advanced analysis-based courses.

Multivariable Analysis


Author: Satish Shirali,Harkrishan Lal Vasudeva
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0857291920
Category: Mathematics
Page: 394
View: 5817
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This book provides a rigorous treatment of multivariable differential and integral calculus. Implicit function theorem and the inverse function theorem based on total derivatives is explained along with the results and the connection to solving systems of equations. There is an extensive treatment of extrema, including constrained extrema and Lagrange multipliers, covering both first order necessary conditions and second order sufficient conditions. The material on Riemann integration in n dimensions, being delicate by its very nature, is discussed in detail. Differential forms and the general Stokes' Theorem are expounded in the last chapter. With a focus on clarity rather than brevity, this text gives clear motivation, definitions and examples with transparent proofs. Much of the material included is published for the first time in textbook form, for example Schwarz' Theorem in Chapter 2 and double sequences and sufficient conditions for constrained extrema in Chapter 4. A wide selection of problems, ranging from simple to more challenging, are included with carefully formed solutions. Ideal as a classroom text or a self study resource for students, this book will appeal to higher level undergraduates in Mathematics.

Introduction to Real Analysis


Author: Michael J. Schramm
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486131920
Category: Mathematics
Page: 384
View: 7791
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This text forms a bridge between courses in calculus and real analysis. Suitable for advanced undergraduates and graduate students, it focuses on the construction of mathematical proofs. 1996 edition.

The Foundations of Real Analysis

A Fundamental Course with 347 Exercises and Detailed Solutions
Author: Richard Mikula
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 1627345655
Category: Mathematics
Page: 506
View: 2535
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This textbook covers the subject of real analysis from the fundamentals up through beginning graduate level. It is appropriate as an introductory course text or a review text for graduate qualifying examinations. Some special features of the text include a thorough discussion of transcendental functions such as trigonometric, logarithmic, and exponential from power series expansions, deducing all important functional properties from the series definitions. The text is written in a user-friendly manner, and includes full solutions to all assigned exercises throughout the text.

Real Mathematical Analysis


Author: Charles Chapman Pugh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319177710
Category: Mathematics
Page: 478
View: 5989
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Based on an honors course taught by the author at UC Berkeley, this introduction to undergraduate real analysis gives a different emphasis by stressing the importance of pictures and hard problems. Topics include: a natural construction of the real numbers, four-dimensional visualization, basic point-set topology, function spaces, multivariable calculus via differential forms (leading to a simple proof of the Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem), and a pictorial treatment of Lebesgue theory. Over 150 detailed illustrations elucidate abstract concepts and salient points in proofs. The exposition is informal and relaxed, with many helpful asides, examples, some jokes, and occasional comments from mathematicians, such as Littlewood, Dieudonné, and Osserman. This book thus succeeds in being more comprehensive, more comprehensible, and more enjoyable, than standard introductions to analysis. New to the second edition of Real Mathematical Analysis is a presentation of Lebesgue integration done almost entirely using the undergraph approach of Burkill. Payoffs include: concise picture proofs of the Monotone and Dominated Convergence Theorems, a one-line/one-picture proof of Fubini's theorem from Cavalieri’s Principle, and, in many cases, the ability to see an integral result from measure theory. The presentation includes Vitali’s Covering Lemma, density points — which are rarely treated in books at this level — and the almost everywhere differentiability of monotone functions. Several new exercises now join a collection of over 500 exercises that pose interesting challenges and introduce special topics to the student keen on mastering this beautiful subject.

Real Analysis


Author: Fon-Che Liu,Professor of Mathematics Fon-Che Liu
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198790422
Category:
Page: 288
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Real Analysis is indispensable for in-depth understanding and effective application of methods of modern analysis. This concise and friendly book is written for early graduate students of mathematics or of related disciplines hoping to learn the basics of Real Analysis with reasonable ease. The essential role of Real Analysis in the construction of basic function spaces necessary for the application of Functional Analysis in many fields of scientific disciplines is demonstrated with due explanations and illuminating examples. After the introductory chapter, a compact but precise treatment of general measure and integration is taken up so that readers have an overall view of the simple structure of the general theory before delving into special measures. The universality of the method of outer measure in the construction of measures is emphasized because it provides a unified way of looking for useful regularity properties of measures. The chapter on functions of real variables sits at the core of the book; it treats in detail properties of functions that are not only basic for understanding the general feature of functions but also relevant for the study of those function spaces which are important when application of functional analytical methods is in question. This is then followed naturally by an introductory chapter on basic principles of Functional Analysis which reveals, together with the last two chapters on the space of p-integrable functions and Fourier integral, the intimate interplay between Functional Analysis and Real Analysis. Applications of many of the topics discussed are included to motivate the readers for further related studies; these contain explorations towards probability theory and partial differential equations.

Principles of Mathematical Analysis


Author: Walter Rudin
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780070856134
Category: Mathematics
Page: 342
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The third edition of this well known text continues to provide a solid foundation in mathematical analysis for undergraduate and first-year graduate students. The text begins with a discussion of the real number system as a complete ordered field. (Dedekind's construction is now treated in an appendix to Chapter I.) The topological background needed for the development of convergence, continuity, differentiation and integration is provided in Chapter 2. There is a new section on the gamma function, and many new and interesting exercises are included. This text is part of the Walter Rudin Student Series in Advanced Mathematics.

Real Analysis via Sequences and Series


Author: Charles H.C. Little,Kee L. Teo,Bruce van Brunt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493926519
Category: Mathematics
Page: 476
View: 5054
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This text gives a rigorous treatment of the foundations of calculus. In contrast to more traditional approaches, infinite sequences and series are placed at the forefront. The approach taken has not only the merit of simplicity, but students are well placed to understand and appreciate more sophisticated concepts in advanced mathematics. The authors mitigate potential difficulties in mastering the material by motivating definitions, results and proofs. Simple examples are provided to illustrate new material and exercises are included at the end of most sections. Noteworthy topics include: an extensive discussion of convergence tests for infinite series, Wallis’s formula and Stirling’s formula, proofs of the irrationality of π and e and a treatment of Newton’s method as a special instance of finding fixed points of iterated functions.