Real Mathematical Analysis


Author: Charles Chapman Pugh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319177710
Category: Mathematics
Page: 478
View: 2123
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Based on an honors course taught by the author at UC Berkeley, this introduction to undergraduate real analysis gives a different emphasis by stressing the importance of pictures and hard problems. Topics include: a natural construction of the real numbers, four-dimensional visualization, basic point-set topology, function spaces, multivariable calculus via differential forms (leading to a simple proof of the Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem), and a pictorial treatment of Lebesgue theory. Over 150 detailed illustrations elucidate abstract concepts and salient points in proofs. The exposition is informal and relaxed, with many helpful asides, examples, some jokes, and occasional comments from mathematicians, such as Littlewood, Dieudonné, and Osserman. This book thus succeeds in being more comprehensive, more comprehensible, and more enjoyable, than standard introductions to analysis. New to the second edition of Real Mathematical Analysis is a presentation of Lebesgue integration done almost entirely using the undergraph approach of Burkill. Payoffs include: concise picture proofs of the Monotone and Dominated Convergence Theorems, a one-line/one-picture proof of Fubini's theorem from Cavalieri’s Principle, and, in many cases, the ability to see an integral result from measure theory. The presentation includes Vitali’s Covering Lemma, density points — which are rarely treated in books at this level — and the almost everywhere differentiability of monotone functions. Several new exercises now join a collection of over 500 exercises that pose interesting challenges and introduce special topics to the student keen on mastering this beautiful subject.

Understanding Analysis


Author: Stephen Abbott
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493927124
Category: Mathematics
Page: 312
View: 7650
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This lively introductory text exposes the student to the rewards of a rigorous study of functions of a real variable. In each chapter, informal discussions of questions that give analysis its inherent fascination are followed by precise, but not overly formal, developments of the techniques needed to make sense of them. By focusing on the unifying themes of approximation and the resolution of paradoxes that arise in the transition from the finite to the infinite, the text turns what could be a daunting cascade of definitions and theorems into a coherent and engaging progression of ideas. Acutely aware of the need for rigor, the student is much better prepared to understand what constitutes a proper mathematical proof and how to write one. Fifteen years of classroom experience with the first edition of Understanding Analysis have solidified and refined the central narrative of the second edition. Roughly 150 new exercises join a selection of the best exercises from the first edition, and three more project-style sections have been added. Investigations of Euler’s computation of ζ(2), the Weierstrass Approximation Theorem, and the gamma function are now among the book’s cohort of seminal results serving as motivation and payoff for the beginning student to master the methods of analysis.

A Problem Book in Real Analysis


Author: Asuman G. Aksoy,Mohamed A. Khamsi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441912967
Category: Mathematics
Page: 254
View: 991
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Education is an admirable thing, but it is well to remember from time to time that nothing worth knowing can be taught. Oscar Wilde, “The Critic as Artist,” 1890. Analysis is a profound subject; it is neither easy to understand nor summarize. However, Real Analysis can be discovered by solving problems. This book aims to give independent students the opportunity to discover Real Analysis by themselves through problem solving. ThedepthandcomplexityofthetheoryofAnalysiscanbeappreciatedbytakingaglimpseatits developmental history. Although Analysis was conceived in the 17th century during the Scienti?c Revolution, it has taken nearly two hundred years to establish its theoretical basis. Kepler, Galileo, Descartes, Fermat, Newton and Leibniz were among those who contributed to its genesis. Deep conceptual changes in Analysis were brought about in the 19th century by Cauchy and Weierstrass. Furthermore, modern concepts such as open and closed sets were introduced in the 1900s. Today nearly every undergraduate mathematics program requires at least one semester of Real Analysis. Often, students consider this course to be the most challenging or even intimidating of all their mathematics major requirements. The primary goal of this book is to alleviate those concerns by systematically solving the problems related to the core concepts of most analysis courses. In doing so, we hope that learning analysis becomes less taxing and thereby more satisfying.

Fundamentals of Mathematical Analysis


Author: Paul J. Sally, Jr.
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821891413
Category: Mathematics
Page: 362
View: 7762
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This is a textbook for a course in Honors Analysis (for freshman/sophomore undergraduates) or Real Analysis (for junior/senior undergraduates) or Analysis-I (beginning graduates). It is intended for students who completed a course in ``AP Calculus'', possibly followed by a routine course in multivariable calculus and a computational course in linear algebra. There are three features that distinguish this book from many other books of a similar nature and which are important for the use of this book as a text. The first, and most important, feature is the collection of exercises. These are spread throughout the chapters and should be regarded as an essential component of the student's learning. Some of these exercises comprise a routine follow-up to the material, while others challenge the student's understanding more deeply. The second feature is the set of independent projects presented at the end of each chapter. These projects supplement the content studied in their respective chapters. They can be used to expand the student's knowledge and understanding or as an opportunity to conduct a seminar in Inquiry Based Learning in which the students present the material to their class. The third really important feature is a series of challenge problems that increase in impossibility as the chapters progress.

A Course in Calculus and Real Analysis


Author: Sudhir Ghorpade,Balmohan Vishnu Limaye
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 3030014002
Category: Calculus
Page: 538
View: 1007
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Discrete Mathematics

Elementary and Beyond
Author: L. Lovász,J. Pelikán,K. Vesztergombi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387955858
Category: Mathematics
Page: 284
View: 6054
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Aimed at undergraduate mathematics and computer science students, this book is an excellent introduction to a lot of problems of discrete mathematics. It discusses a number of selected results and methods, mostly from areas of combinatorics and graph theory, and it uses proofs and problem solving to help students understand the solutions to problems. Numerous examples, figures, and exercises are spread throughout the book.

The Real Numbers

An Introduction to Set Theory and Analysis
Author: John Stillwell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 331901577X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 244
View: 1820
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While most texts on real analysis are content to assume the real numbers, or to treat them only briefly, this text makes a serious study of the real number system and the issues it brings to light. Analysis needs the real numbers to model the line, and to support the concepts of continuity and measure. But these seemingly simple requirements lead to deep issues of set theory—uncountability, the axiom of choice, and large cardinals. In fact, virtually all the concepts of infinite set theory are needed for a proper understanding of the real numbers, and hence of analysis itself. By focusing on the set-theoretic aspects of analysis, this text makes the best of two worlds: it combines a down-to-earth introduction to set theory with an exposition of the essence of analysis—the study of infinite processes on the real numbers. It is intended for senior undergraduates, but it will also be attractive to graduate students and professional mathematicians who, until now, have been content to "assume" the real numbers. Its prerequisites are calculus and basic mathematics. Mathematical history is woven into the text, explaining how the concepts of real number and infinity developed to meet the needs of analysis from ancient times to the late twentieth century. This rich presentation of history, along with a background of proofs, examples, exercises, and explanatory remarks, will help motivate the reader. The material covered includes classic topics from both set theory and real analysis courses, such as countable and uncountable sets, countable ordinals, the continuum problem, the Cantor–Schröder–Bernstein theorem, continuous functions, uniform convergence, Zorn's lemma, Borel sets, Baire functions, Lebesgue measure, and Riemann integrable functions.

Mathematical Analysis

An Introduction
Author: Andrew Browder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461207150
Category: Mathematics
Page: 335
View: 1639
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Among the traditional purposes of such an introductory course is the training of a student in the conventions of pure mathematics: acquiring a feeling for what is considered a proof, and supplying literate written arguments to support mathematical propositions. To this extent, more than one proof is included for a theorem - where this is considered beneficial - so as to stimulate the students' reasoning for alternate approaches and ideas. The second half of this book, and consequently the second semester, covers differentiation and integration, as well as the connection between these concepts, as displayed in the general theorem of Stokes. Also included are some beautiful applications of this theory, such as Brouwer's fixed point theorem, and the Dirichlet principle for harmonic functions. Throughout, reference is made to earlier sections, so as to reinforce the main ideas by repetition. Unique in its applications to some topics not usually covered at this level.

Reelle und Komplexe Analysis


Author: Walter Rudin
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783486591866
Category: Analysis - Lehrbuch
Page: 499
View: 3264
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Besonderen Wert legt Rudin darauf, dem Leser die Zusammenhänge unterschiedlicher Bereiche der Analysis zu vermitteln und so die Grundlage für ein umfassenderes Verständnis zu schaffen. Das Werk zeichnet sich durch seine wissenschaftliche Prägnanz und Genauigkeit aus und hat damit die Entwicklung der modernen Analysis in nachhaltiger Art und Weise beeinflusst. Der "Baby-Rudin" gehört weltweit zu den beliebtesten Lehrbüchern der Analysis und ist in 13 Sprachen übersetzt. 1993 wurde es mit dem renommierten Steele Prize for Mathematical Exposition der American Mathematical Society ausgezeichnet. Übersetzt von Uwe Krieg.

Real Analysis

Foundations and Functions of One Variable
Author: Miklós Laczkovich,Vera T. Sós
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493927663
Category: Mathematics
Page: 483
View: 3566
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Based on courses given at Eötvös Loránd University (Hungary) over the past 30 years, this introductory textbook develops the central concepts of the analysis of functions of one variable — systematically, with many examples and illustrations, and in a manner that builds upon, and sharpens, the student’s mathematical intuition. The book provides a solid grounding in the basics of logic and proofs, sets, and real numbers, in preparation for a study of the main topics: limits, continuity, rational functions and transcendental functions, differentiation, and integration. Numerous applications to other areas of mathematics, and to physics, are given, thereby demonstrating the practical scope and power of the theoretical concepts treated. In the spirit of learning-by-doing, Real Analysis includes more than 500 engaging exercises for the student keen on mastering the basics of analysis. The wealth of material, and modular organization, of the book make it adaptable as a textbook for courses of various levels; the hints and solutions provided for the more challenging exercises make it ideal for independent study.

Elements of Number Theory


Author: John Stillwell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387955872
Category: Mathematics
Page: 256
View: 5612
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Solutions of equations in integers is the central problem of number theory and is the focus of this book. The amount of material is suitable for a one-semester course. The author has tried to avoid the ad hoc proofs in favor of unifying ideas that work in many situations. There are exercises at the end of almost every section, so that each new idea or proof receives immediate reinforcement.

Analysis I


Author: Christiane Tretter
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3034803494
Category: Mathematics
Page: 157
View: 9775
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Das Lehrbuch ist der erste von zwei einführenden Bänden in die Analysis. Es zeichnet sich dadurch aus, dass alle klassischen Themen der Analysis des ersten Semesters kompakt zusammengefasst sind und dennoch auf typische Anfängerprobleme eingegangen wird. Neben einer Einführung in die formale Sprache und die wichtigsten Beweistechniken der Mathematik bietet der Band eingängige Erläuterungen zu abstrakten Begriffen. Alle prüfungsrelevanten Inhalte sind abgedeckt und können anhand von Beispielen, Gegenbeispielen und Aufgaben nachvollzogen werden.

Real and Functional Analysis


Author: Serge Lang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461208971
Category: Mathematics
Page: 580
View: 5592
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This book is meant as a text for a first-year graduate course in analysis. In a sense, it covers the same topics as elementary calculus but treats them in a manner suitable for people who will be using it in further mathematical investigations. The organization avoids long chains of logical interdependence, so that chapters are mostly independent. This allows a course to omit material from some chapters without compromising the exposition of material from later chapters.

Lineare Algebra


Author: Gilbert Strang
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642556310
Category: Mathematics
Page: 656
View: 9201
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Diese Einführung in die lineare Algebra bietet einen sehr anschaulichen Zugang zum Thema. Die englische Originalausgabe wurde rasch zum Standardwerk in den Anfängerkursen des Massachusetts Institute of Technology sowie in vielen anderen nordamerikanischen Universitäten. Auch hierzulande ist dieses Buch als Grundstudiumsvorlesung für alle Studenten hervorragend lesbar. Darüber hinaus gibt es neue Impulse in der Mathematikausbildung und folgt dem Trend hin zu Anwendungen und Interdisziplinarität. Inhaltlich umfasst das Werk die Grundkenntnisse und die wichtigsten Anwendungen der linearen Algebra und eignet sich hervorragend für Studierende der Ingenieurwissenschaften, Naturwissenschaften, Mathematik und Informatik, die einen modernen Zugang zum Einsatz der linearen Algebra suchen. Ganz klar liegt hierbei der Schwerpunkt auf den Anwendungen, ohne dabei die mathematische Strenge zu vernachlässigen. Im Buch wird die jeweils zugrundeliegende Theorie mit zahlreichen Beispielen aus der Elektrotechnik, der Informatik, der Physik, Biologie und den Wirtschaftswissenschaften direkt verknüpft. Zahlreiche Aufgaben mit Lösungen runden das Werk ab.

Intermediate Real Analysis


Author: E. Fischer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461394813
Category: Mathematics
Page: 770
View: 4639
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There are a great deal of books on introductory analysis in print today, many written by mathematicians of the first rank. The publication of another such book therefore warrants a defense. I have taught analysis for many years and have used a variety of texts during this time. These books were of excellent quality mathematically but did not satisfy the needs of the students I was teaching. They were written for mathematicians but not for those who were first aspiring to attain that status. The desire to fill this gap gave rise to the writing of this book. This book is intended to serve as a text for an introductory course in analysis. Its readers will most likely be mathematics, science, or engineering majors undertaking the last quarter of their undergraduate education. The aim of a first course in analysis is to provide the student with a sound foundation for analysis, to familiarize him with the kind of careful thinking used in advanced mathematics, and to provide him with tools for further work in it. The typical student we are dealing with has completed a three-semester calculus course and possibly an introductory course in differential equations. He may even have been exposed to a semester or two of modern algebra. All this time his training has most likely been intuitive with heuristics taking the place of proof. This may have been appropriate for that stage of his development.

A first course in real analysis


Author: Murray H. Protter,Charles Bradfield Morrey
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Mathematics
Page: 507
View: 6231
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Problems and Solutions for Undergraduate Analysis


Author: Rami Shakarchi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387982359
Category: Mathematics
Page: 368
View: 5626
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The present volume contains all the exercises and their solutions for Lang's second edition of Undergraduate Analysis. The wide variety of exercises, which range from computational to more conceptual and which are of vary ing difficulty, cover the following subjects and more: real numbers, limits, continuous functions, differentiation and elementary integration, normed vector spaces, compactness, series, integration in one variable, improper integrals, convolutions, Fourier series and the Fourier integral, functions in n-space, derivatives in vector spaces, the inverse and implicit mapping theorem, ordinary differential equations, multiple integrals, and differential forms. My objective is to offer those learning and teaching analysis at the undergraduate level a large number of completed exercises and I hope that this book, which contains over 600 exercises covering the topics mentioned above, will achieve my goal. The exercises are an integral part of Lang's book and I encourage the reader to work through all of them. In some cases, the problems in the beginning chapters are used in later ones, for example, in Chapter IV when one constructs-bump functions, which are used to smooth out singulari ties, and prove that the space of functions is dense in the space of regu lated maps. The numbering of the problems is as follows. Exercise IX. 5. 7 indicates Exercise 7, §5, of Chapter IX. Acknowledgments I am grateful to Serge Lang for his help and enthusiasm in this project, as well as for teaching me mathematics (and much more) with so much generosity and patience.

The Real Numbers and Real Analysis


Author: Ethan D. Bloch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387721762
Category: Mathematics
Page: 554
View: 4868
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This text is a rigorous, detailed introduction to real analysis that presents the fundamentals with clear exposition and carefully written definitions, theorems, and proofs. It is organized in a distinctive, flexible way that would make it equally appropriate to undergraduate mathematics majors who want to continue in mathematics, and to future mathematics teachers who want to understand the theory behind calculus. The Real Numbers and Real Analysis will serve as an excellent one-semester text for undergraduates majoring in mathematics, and for students in mathematics education who want a thorough understanding of the theory behind the real number system and calculus.

Lineare Algebra

Eine Einführung für Studienanfänger
Author: Gerd Fischer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658039450
Category: Mathematics
Page: 384
View: 7314
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Das seit über 30 Jahren bewährte, einführende Lehrbuch eignet sich als Grundlage für eine zweisemestrige Vorlesung für Studierende der Mathematik, Physik und Informatik. Für einen schnellen und leichteren Einstieg ist das Buch ebenfalls zu verwenden, indem die markierten Abschnitte weggelassen werden. Zentrale Themen sind: Lineare Gleichungssysteme, Eigenwerte und Skalarprodukte. Besonderer Wert wird darauf gelegt, Begriffe zu motivieren, durch Beispiele und durch Bilder zu illustrieren und konkrete Rechenverfahren für die Praxis abzuleiten. Der Text enthält zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben. Lösungen dazu findet man in dem von H. Stoppel und B. Griese verfassten "Übungsbuch zur Linearen Algebra ". Zur Motivation der Studierenden enthält das Buch eine Einführung, in der die Bedeutung der Linearen Algebra als Grundlage innerhalb der Mathematik und ihren Anwendungen beschrieben wird.