Reforming the Juvenile Justice System to Improve Children's Lives and Public Safety

Congressional Testimony
Author: George Miller
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437936369
Category:
Page: 94
View: 2080
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Hearing on the reauthorization of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act, which was first written in 1974 with the goal of supporting states¿ actions to prevent youth crime and to provide core protections for children. The law recognized that clear biological differences between teenagers and adults meant that youth should not be treated in the same manner as adults. Witnesses: Michael Belton, Ramsey County, MN, Dep. Dir. of Juvenile Corrections; Scott Burns, Exec. Dir., National DA¿s Assoc.; A. Hasan Davis, Dep. Commissioner for Operations, Kentucky Dept. of Juvenile Justice; Tracy McClard, Parent; John Solberg, Exec. Dir., Rawhide Boys Ranch, New London, WI; Steven Teske, Judge, Clayton County Juvenile Court, GA. Illus.

Reforming the juvenile justice system to improve children's lives and public safety

hearing before the Committee on Education and Labor, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, second session, hearing held in Washington, DC, April 21, 2010
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Education and Labor
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 94
View: 7204
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The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA
Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141598
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 1970
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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Juvenile Justice Practical Application Workbook


Author: Barry S. McCrary Sr.
Publisher: Lulu.com
ISBN: 1387661310
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 9902
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Reforming Juvenile Justice

A Developmental Approach
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309278937
Category: Law
Page: 462
View: 8872
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Adolescence is a distinct, yet transient, period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by increased experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term consequences, and heightened sensitivity to peers and other social influences. A key function of adolescence is developing an integrated sense of self, including individualization, separation from parents, and personal identity. Experimentation and novelty-seeking behavior, such as alcohol and drug use, unsafe sex, and reckless driving, are thought to serve a number of adaptive functions despite their risks. Research indicates that for most youth, the period of risky experimentation does not extend beyond adolescence, ceasing as identity becomes settled with maturity. Much adolescent involvement in criminal activity is part of the normal developmental process of identity formation and most adolescents will mature out of these tendencies. Evidence of significant changes in brain structure and function during adolescence strongly suggests that these cognitive tendencies characteristic of adolescents are associated with biological immaturity of the brain and with an imbalance among developing brain systems. This imbalance model implies dual systems: one involved in cognitive and behavioral control and one involved in socio-emotional processes. Accordingly adolescents lack mature capacity for self-regulations because the brain system that influences pleasure-seeking and emotional reactivity develops more rapidly than the brain system that supports self-control. This knowledge of adolescent development has underscored important differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the late decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a study of juvenile justice reform. The goal of Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach was to review recent advances in behavioral and neuroscience research and draw out the implications of this knowledge for juvenile justice reform, to assess the new generation of reform activities occurring in the United States, and to assess the performance of OJJDP in carrying out its statutory mission as well as its potential role in supporting scientifically based reform efforts.

Childhood and Adolescence in Society

Selections From CQ Researcher
Author: CQ Researcher,
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452236062
Category: Psychology
Page: 336
View: 709
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About CQ Researcher Readers In the tradition of nonpartisan and current analysis that is the hallmark of CQ Press, CQ Researcher readers investigate important and controversial policy issues. Childhood and Adolescence in Society aims to promote in-depth discussion, facilitate further research, and help readers formulate their own positions on crucial issues in the field, such as child soldiers, teen pregnancy, and violence and bullying. Offer your students the balanced reporting, complete overviews, and engaging writing that CQ Researcher has consistently provided for more than 80 years. Each article gives substantial background and analysis of a particular issue as well as useful pedagogical features to inspire critical thinking and to help students grasp and review key material. Key Features Pro/con boxes that examine two competing sides of a single question Detailed chronologies of key dates and events Annotated bibliographies and web resources Outlook sections that address possible regulation and initiatives from Capitol Hill and the White House over the next 5 to 10 years Photos, charts, graphs, and maps

Multisystemische Therapie bei dissozialem Verhalten von Kindern und Jugendlichen


Author: Scott W Henggeler,Sonja K. Schoenwald,Charles M. Borduin,Melisa D. Rowland,Phillippe B. Cunningham
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642201474
Category: Medical
Page: 262
View: 6273
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Die multisystemische Therapie (MST) ist ein empirisch abgesichertes Verfahren, das als Alternative zu stationären Behandlungskonzepten auch ambulant angewendet werden kann. In über 30 Ländern wird MST inzwischen erfolgreich mit Kindern und Jugendlichen in über 400 Programmen praktiziert. In diesem Buch werden die Prinzipien der multisystemischen Therapie erläutert. Außerdem bekommen Leser klare Leitlinien an die Hand: für die Indikation und um individuelle Interventionen bei delinquenten Jugendlichen und Kindern zu planen und durchzuführen.

The proposed abolition of the Youth Justice Board

tenth report of session 2010-12, Vol. 1: Report, together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Justice Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780215038791
Category: Law
Page: 69
View: 1788
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The Government has proposed that the Youth Justice Board (YJB) should be abolished, and its inclusion in the Public Bodies Bill is currently the subject of 'ping pong' between the two Houses of Parliament. The YJB is responsible for: advising the Justice Secretary on the operation of the youth justice system; monitoring the performance of that system; purchasing places for, and placing, children and young people remanded or sentenced to custody; disseminating effective practice; making grants to local authorities and others; and commissioning research and publishing information. The Government wants to transfer YJB's functions to a Youth Justice Division of the Ministry of Justice, arguing that this will restore direct Ministerial accountability. The Committee point out that if that does happen, certain steps must be taken to ensure that the new Division: is not part of NOMS; benefits from the establishment of a genuinely and visibly independent Advisory Board; improves the dissemination of best practice; and exercises 'light touch' oversight of Youth Offending Teams.

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society


Author: Richard T. Schaefer
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412926947
Category: Social Science
Page: 1622
View: 3591
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This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

Reforming Juvenile Justice in America

Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Crime of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, First Session, March 20, 1997
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Crime
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160595226
Category: Juvenile delinquency
Page: 104
View: 3224
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America's children still at risk

a report of the Steering Committee on the Unmet Legal Needs of Children
Author: ABA Steering Committee on the Unmet Legal Needs of Children
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781570739392
Category: Child welfare
Page: 521
View: 9222
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Die Ok̈ologie der menschlichen Entwicklung

natürliche und geplante Experimente
Author: Urie Bronfenbrenner,Kurt Lüscher
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Child psychology
Page: 298
View: 3314
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Identität und Lebenszyklus : drei Aufsätze


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518276167
Category:
Page: 223
View: 9563
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The Central Law Journal


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 9688
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Vols. 65-96 include "Central law journal's international law list."

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens
Author: Howard S. Becker
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658012544
Category: Social Science
Page: 197
View: 7634
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​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

The Champion and Weekly Herald


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Chartism
Page: N.A
View: 8730
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Legislative Calendar


Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Education and the Workforce,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries,United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Indian Affairs,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Post Office and Civil Service,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Public Works and Transportation
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 8469
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Congressional Record

Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress
Author: United States. Congress
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 6812
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The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)