Religion and State in Syria

The Sunni Ulama from Coup to Revolution
Author: Thomas Pierret
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107026415
Category: Political Science
Page: 276
View: 2694
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This book affords a new perspective on Syria as it stands at the crossroads of political, social and religious fragmentation.

Religion and State

The Muslim Approach to Politics
Author: L. Carl. Brown
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231529376
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 5140
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If Westerners know a single Islamic term, it is likely to be jihad, the Arabic word for "holy war." The image of Islam as an inherently aggressive and xenophobic religion has long prevailed in the West and can at times appear to be substantiated by current events. L. Carl Brown challenges this conventional wisdom with a fascinating historical overview of the relationship between religious and political life in the Muslim world ranging from Islam's early centuries to the present day. Religion and State examines the commonplace notion—held by both radical Muslim ideologues and various Western observers alike—that in Islam there is no separation between religion and politics. By placing this assertion in a broad historical context, the book reveals both the continuities between premodern and modern Islamic political thought as well as the distinctive dimensions of modern Muslim experiences. Brown shows that both the modern-day fundamentalists and their critics have it wrong when they posit an eternally militant, unchanging Islam outside of history. "They are conflating theology and history. They are confusing the oughtand the is," he writes. As the historical record shows, mainstream Muslim political thought in premodern times tended toward political quietism. Brown maintains that we can better understand present-day politics among Muslims by accepting the reality of their historical diversity while at the same time seeking to identify what may be distinctive in Muslim thought and action. In order to illuminate the distinguishing characteristics of Islam in relation to politics, Brown compares this religion with its two Semitic sisters, Judaism and Christianity, drawing striking comparisons between Islam today and Christianity during the Reformation. With a wealth of evidence, he recreates a tradition of Islamic diversity every bit as rich as that of Judaism and Christianity.

A World Survey of Religion and the State


Author: Jonathan Fox
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139472593
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 4564
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This book delves into the extent of government involvement in religion between 1990 and 2002 using both quantitative and qualitative methodology. The study is based on the Religion and State dataset, which includes 175 governments across the globe, all of which are addressed individually in this book. The forms of involvement examined in this study include whether the government has an official religion, whether some religions are given preferential treatment, religious discrimination against minority religion, government regulation of the majority religion, and religious legislation. The study shows that government involvement in religion is ubiquitous, that it increased significantly during this period, and that only a minority of states, including a minority of democracies, have separation of religion and state. These findings contradict the predictions of religion's reduced public significance found in modernization and secularization theory. The findings also demonstrate that state religious monopolies are linked to reduced religious participation.

Between Church and State

Religion and Public Education in a Multicultural America
Author: James W. Fraser
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421420597
Category: Education
Page: 296
View: 2375
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Today, the ongoing controversy about the place—or lack of place—of religion in public schools is a burning issue in the United States. Prayer at football games, creationism in the classroom, the teaching of religion and morals, and public funding for private religious schools are just a few of the subjects over which people are skirmishing. In Between Church and State, historian and pastor James W. Fraser shows that these battles have been going on for as long as there have been public schools and argues there has never been any consensus about what the "separation of church and state" means for American society or about the proper relationship between religion and public education. Looking at the difficult question of how private issues of faith can be reconciled with the very public nature of schooling, Fraser’s classic book paints a complex picture of how a multicultural society struggles to take the deep commitments of people of faith into account—including people of many different faiths and no faith. In this fully updated second edition, Fraser tackles the culture wars, adding fresh material on current battles over public funding for private religious schools. He also addresses the development of the long-simmering evolution-creationism debate and explores the tensions surrounding a discussion of religion and the accommodation of an increasingly religiously diverse American student body. Between Church and State includes new scholarship on the role of Roger Williams and William Penn in developing early American conceptions of religious liberty. It traces the modern expansion of Catholic parochial schools and closely examines the passage of the First Amendment, changes in American Indian tribal education, the place of religion in Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois’s debates about African American schooling, and the rapid growth of Jewish day schools among a community previously known for its deep commitment to secular public education.

Enlisting Faith

How the Military Chaplaincy Shaped Religion and State in Modern America
Author: Ronit Y. Stahl
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674972155
Category: History
Page: 384
View: 9021
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Ronit Stahl traces the ways the U.S. military struggled with, encouraged, and regulated religious pluralism and scrambled to handle the nation's deep religious, racial, and political complexity. Just as the state relied on religion to sanction combat missions and sanctify war deaths, so too did religious groups seek validation as American faiths.

Religion and State Formation in Postrevolutionary Mexico


Author: Ben Fallaw
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822353377
Category: History
Page: 329
View: 2578
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This volume offers a powerful argument that Catholics and Catholicism had a more pervasive and impeding influence on postrevolutionary state formation in Mexico than historians have recognized or acknowledged.

Religion and the State

A Comparative Sociology
Author: Jack Barbalet,Adam Possamai,Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 1783080663
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 4974
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With a clear statement of the theoretical issues in the debates about secularization and post-secularism, ‘Religion and the State: A Comparative Sociology’ considers a number of major case studies – from China, Europe, Singapore and South Asia – in order to understand the rise of public religions in the modern state. By distinguishing between political secularization – the separation of state and religion – and social secularization – the transformation of the everyday practice of religion – this volume offers an integrating framework within which to analyze these different societies.

Separation of Church and State


Author: Philip HAMBURGER
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674038185
Category: Law
Page: 528
View: 7123
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In a powerful challenge to conventional wisdom, Philip Hamburger argues that the separation of church and state has no historical foundation in the First Amendment. The detailed evidence assembled here shows that eighteenth-century Americans almost never invoked this principle. Although Thomas Jefferson and others retrospectively claimed that the First Amendment separated church and state, separation became part of American constitutional law only much later. Hamburger shows that separation became a constitutional freedom largely through fear and prejudice. Jefferson supported separation out of hostility to the Federalist clergy of New England. Nativist Protestants (ranging from nineteenth-century Know Nothings to twentieth-century members of the K.K.K.) adopted the principle of separation to restrict the role of Catholics in public life. Gradually, these Protestants were joined by theologically liberal, anti-Christian secularists, who hoped that separation would limit Christianity and all other distinct religions. Eventually, a wide range of men and women called for separation. Almost all of these Americans feared ecclesiastical authority, particularly that of the Catholic Church, and, in response to their fears, they increasingly perceived religious liberty to require a separation of church from state. American religious liberty was thus redefined and even transformed. In the process, the First Amendment was often used as an instrument of intolerance and discrimination.

Religion and State in Tanzania Revisited

Reflections from 50 Years of Independence
Author: Thomas Ndaluka,Frans Wijsen
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643905467
Category: Religion
Page: 208
View: 9884
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This book looks at the relationship between religion and state in Tanzania as a feature of the Tanzanian social scene, from pre-colonial/colonial times to post-colonial times. It examines the changes in the character of religion and state relations, especially after independence, and the way these changes are experienced in different communities - particularly by African traditionalists, Muslims, and Christians. The book studies the nature of the relationship between religion and state, the way it is conceptualized and experienced, and the implications for the democratic aspirations of pluralist Tanzania. (Series: Interreligious Studies - Vol. 7) [Subject: History, African Studies, Religious Studies, Politics]

Why the Religious Right Is Wrong About Separation of Church and State


Author: Robert Boston
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1615924108
Category: Religion
Page: 281
View: 5118
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Award-winning journalist Robert Boston lambastes the zealots of the Religious Right for spreading misinformation about the constitutional principle of the separation of church and state. Boston reveals how a band of ultraconservative religious groups with a political agenda - led primarily by televangelist Pat Robertson - is conducting a systematic war aginst the separation of church and state. The tactics of these groups are designed to exploit unfounded fears and turn the American people against the separationist principle. They will not rest, Boston says, until the United States has become a theocracy. To expose the Religious Right's blatant distortions of U.S. history and correct its skewed analysis of legal rulings, Boston objectively reviews the evolution of church/state relations in the United States and looks at how the separation principle has been applied by the courts. He also examines efforts by sectarian groups to win government support for their schools, the school prayer issue, the history of the free exercise of religion, and the controversial role of religion in the public square. Published in cooperation with Americans United for the Separation of Church and State

Jefferson & Madison on Separation of Church and State

Writings on Religion and Secularism
Author: Thomas Jefferson,James Madison,Lenni Brenner
Publisher: Barricade Books Incorporated
ISBN: 9781569802731
Category: History
Page: 438
View: 2246
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A complete selection of writings from Thomas Jefferson and James Madison focusing specifically on their very forward thinking beliefs in the separation of church and state.

Freedom of Religion and the Secular State


Author: Russell Blackford
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470674032
Category: Philosophy
Page: 224
View: 9478
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Religious freedom is the prototypical liberal freedom, a cornerstone of modern political rights. Freedom "of Religion and the Secular State" examines the concept of religious freedom, focusing on today's hot-button issues, including blasphemy and religious vilification; the teaching of biological evolution in schools; the health and welfare of children (particularly where religious beliefs clash with modern forms of medical treatment); claims by some religious organizations for a right of conscientious objection (e.g., doctors who refuse to perform abortions); and the recognition of Sharia law in Western societies. Such issues are topical, controversial, and intransigent. Somewhere at the core of contention lies fear of overweening government power, used to impose a favored understanding of the world - or another, transcendent, world - or to persecute those with a different understanding. With a background in legal and political philosophy, philosophy of religion, and moral theory, Russell Blackford traces the historical background both of religious persecution and the modern liberal state's embrace of secularity and religious freedom. Engaging in contemporary debates, he argues for a balanced view of what religious freedom is about, and how the state should approach it.

Separation of Church and State: What the Founders Meant


Author: David Barton
Publisher: BookBaby
ISBN: 1483502287
Category: History
Page: 32
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This book is very timely for one of the most frequently debated issues in America: the separation of church and state. Where did this phrase originate? Was it always meant to prohibit expressions of religious faith in public settings as many claim today? Learn the answers to these questions and discover the Founding Fathers own words and intents in this book! With all these resources, you will be able to clearly understand the original intent of the Founding Fathers and be able to share those beliefs with others!

Secularism and State Policies Toward Religion

The United States, France, and Turkey
Author: Ahmet T. Kuru
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052151780X
Category: Political Science
Page: 313
View: 8725
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Comparing policy in America, France, and Turkey, this book analyzes the impact of ideological struggles on public policies toward religion.

Against lord and state

religion and peasant uprisings in Malabar, 1836-1921
Author: K. N. Panikkar
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 232
View: 8979
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Arguing against the generally held view that the Mappila uprisings of Malabar resulted either from communal tension or agrarian discontent, this book analyzes the complex interrelationships between economic discontent and religious ideology in which the conflicts were rooted. Panikkar delineates the evolution of a negative class consciousness among the rural Hindu Mappilas from the early years of British rule to the final and decisive 1921 uprising against the lord and state.

Religion and Regimes

Support, Separation, and Opposition
Author: Mehran Tamadonfar,Ted G. Jelen
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739176110
Category: Religion
Page: 304
View: 7048
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Religion and Regimes: Support, Separation, and Opposition emphasizes the changing political role of religion in various nations of the world. The approach is based on market models of religion, and connects the style of religious politics in a given nation to the nature of competition among dominant religious traditions and their alternatives.

Religion and the State in Russia and China

Suppression, Survival, and Revival
Author: Christopher Marsh
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441112472
Category: Political Science
Page: 273
View: 6875
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Religion and Politics, Or, Church and State


Author: Peter Dobell
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Church and state
Page: 80
View: 1469
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Historiography, Religion, and State in Medieval India


Author: Satish Chandra
Publisher: Har-Anand Publications
ISBN: 9788124100356
Category: Civilization, Medieval
Page: 240
View: 396
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The Present Work Starts With The Theme Of Decentring Of History And How, In The Context Of Decolonization And Goes On To Assess The Impact Of Central Asian Ideas And Institutions On Indian History During The 10Th To 14Th Centuries, And The Growing Concept Of Historiography In The Country. The Book Also Discusses The Concept And Evolution Of Different Types Of Islamic States In India-Orthodox, Moderate, Liberal And Secularist.

Religion and State - from Separation to Cooperation?

Legal-philosophical Reflections for a De-secularized World (IVR Cracow Special Workshop)
Author: Barend Christoffel Labuschagne,Ari Marcelo Solon
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 109
View: 7771
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Religion is increasingly a social and political factor in post-modern societies nowadays and the question of the role of religion in the public sphere is more and more brought to the fore: a challenge to legal philosophers. Should religion be only a private affair, or should the public dimension of religion be more acknowledged? Do we have to interpret the freedom of religion and the separation of church and state in a strict (laicist) sense, or do we have to allow for a more benevolent relation between religion and the state? This collection of essays explores these questions in various and new ways.