Between Church and State

Religion and Public Education in a Multicultural America
Author: James W. Fraser
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421420597
Category: Education
Page: 296
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Today, the ongoing controversy about the place—or lack of place—of religion in public schools is a burning issue in the United States. Prayer at football games, creationism in the classroom, the teaching of religion and morals, and public funding for private religious schools are just a few of the subjects over which people are skirmishing. In Between Church and State, historian and pastor James W. Fraser shows that these battles have been going on for as long as there have been public schools and argues there has never been any consensus about what the "separation of church and state" means for American society or about the proper relationship between religion and public education. Looking at the difficult question of how private issues of faith can be reconciled with the very public nature of schooling, Fraser’s classic book paints a complex picture of how a multicultural society struggles to take the deep commitments of people of faith into account—including people of many different faiths and no faith. In this fully updated second edition, Fraser tackles the culture wars, adding fresh material on current battles over public funding for private religious schools. He also addresses the development of the long-simmering evolution-creationism debate and explores the tensions surrounding a discussion of religion and the accommodation of an increasingly religiously diverse American student body. Between Church and State includes new scholarship on the role of Roger Williams and William Penn in developing early American conceptions of religious liberty. It traces the modern expansion of Catholic parochial schools and closely examines the passage of the First Amendment, changes in American Indian tribal education, the place of religion in Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois’s debates about African American schooling, and the rapid growth of Jewish day schools among a community previously known for its deep commitment to secular public education.

The Alliance Between Church and State

Or, The Necessity and Equity of an Established Religion and a Test Law Demonstrated. In Three Books
Author: William Warburton
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Church and state
Page: 451
View: 3808
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Religion and State - from Separation to Cooperation?

Legal-philosophical Reflections for a De-secularized World (IVR Cracow Special Workshop)
Author: Barend Christoffel Labuschagne,Ari Marcelo Solon
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 109
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Religion is increasingly a social and political factor in post-modern societies nowadays and the question of the role of religion in the public sphere is more and more brought to the fore: a challenge to legal philosophers. Should religion be only a private affair, or should the public dimension of religion be more acknowledged? Do we have to interpret the freedom of religion and the separation of church and state in a strict (laicist) sense, or do we have to allow for a more benevolent relation between religion and the state? This collection of essays explores these questions in various and new ways.

Religion and the State

A Comparative Sociology
Author: J. M. Barbalet,Adam Possamai,Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 0857287982
Category: Social Science
Page: 282
View: 4445
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This volume addresses a central problem of contemporary states, namely how to manage the eruption of public religions. While the liberal framework formerly regarded religion as simply a matter of private practice and conscience, in modern states religion has often come to challenge the so-called Westphalian model of church-state relations, and has brought into question many liberal notions of secularism and tolerance. There is much discussion about post-secular society in which religion has to be taken seriously in public affairs. This collection of case studies – looking at Turkey, Singapore, India, China, Britain, Europe and the United States – explores a number of examples in which the state exercises some degree of management of religion, thereby bringing into question the traditional separation of religion and state. This study also attempts to refine the notion of secularization by examining this process in terms of political arrangements (church-state relations) and the role of religion in everyday life. Ultimately, this study reveals that there is no uniform or standard pattern of secularization in modern societies.

Religion and the Law

of Church and State and the Supreme Court
Author: Elizabeth Eddy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351493868
Category: Law
Page: 127
View: 6911
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There are few issues as controversial as where to draw the line between church and state. The framers of the Constitution's Bill of Rights began their blueprint for freedom by drawing exactly such a line. Th e fi rst clauses of the First Amendment provide: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof." Th e justices of the Supreme Court have not been wanting for advice from self-appointed guardians. Th e diffi culty with such advice is that the contestants are more convincing when they criticize their opponents' interpretations than when they seek to establish the validity of their own.

Religion and State

The Muslim Approach to Politics
Author: L. Carl. Brown
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231529376
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 4634
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If Westerners know a single Islamic term, it is likely to be jihad, the Arabic word for "holy war." The image of Islam as an inherently aggressive and xenophobic religion has long prevailed in the West and can at times appear to be substantiated by current events. L. Carl Brown challenges this conventional wisdom with a fascinating historical overview of the relationship between religious and political life in the Muslim world ranging from Islam's early centuries to the present day. Religion and State examines the commonplace notion—held by both radical Muslim ideologues and various Western observers alike—that in Islam there is no separation between religion and politics. By placing this assertion in a broad historical context, the book reveals both the continuities between premodern and modern Islamic political thought as well as the distinctive dimensions of modern Muslim experiences. Brown shows that both the modern-day fundamentalists and their critics have it wrong when they posit an eternally militant, unchanging Islam outside of history. "They are conflating theology and history. They are confusing the oughtand the is," he writes. As the historical record shows, mainstream Muslim political thought in premodern times tended toward political quietism. Brown maintains that we can better understand present-day politics among Muslims by accepting the reality of their historical diversity while at the same time seeking to identify what may be distinctive in Muslim thought and action. In order to illuminate the distinguishing characteristics of Islam in relation to politics, Brown compares this religion with its two Semitic sisters, Judaism and Christianity, drawing striking comparisons between Islam today and Christianity during the Reformation. With a wealth of evidence, he recreates a tradition of Islamic diversity every bit as rich as that of Judaism and Christianity.

The Separation of Church and State


Author: Darien Auburn McWhirter
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780897748520
Category: Law
Page: 189
View: 6736
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This book discusses major separation of church and state issues that the Supreme Court has addressed.

Religion and State in Syria

The Sunni Ulama from Coup to Revolution
Author: Thomas Pierret
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107026415
Category: Political Science
Page: 276
View: 4730
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This book affords a new perspective on Syria as it stands at the crossroads of political, social and religious fragmentation.

Church and State in the Modern World

A Critical Assessment and Annotated Bibliography
Author: James Edward Wood
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313256042
Category: Religion
Page: 649
View: 9750
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This comprehensive bibliography includes entries related to the subject of church and state.

Church and State in Western Society

Established Church, Cooperation and Separation
Author: Edward J. Eberle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317166272
Category: Law
Page: 224
View: 9377
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The role of religion as a contentious and motivating force in society is examined here through the lens of the church-state dynamic in countries with three very different approaches to this crucial relationship. Focusing on the United Kingdom, where there is official recognition of one religion by the state, the United States, where law imposes a separatism between religion and the state and Germany, where there is cooperation between the church and state, this book compares these three models. It describes the components of each model, illustrates their operation and uses case law to examine what each model might learn from the other. Controversial and timely issues such as the refusal of medical treatment on religious grounds, the wearing of Islamic headscarves and ritual animal slaughter are discussed with new insight, providing a comprehensive review of varied approaches to law, government and religious freedom.

A World Survey of Religion and the State


Author: Jonathan Fox
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139472593
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 4153
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This book delves into the extent of government involvement in religion between 1990 and 2002 using both quantitative and qualitative methodology. The study is based on the Religion and State dataset, which includes 175 governments across the globe, all of which are addressed individually in this book. The forms of involvement examined in this study include whether the government has an official religion, whether some religions are given preferential treatment, religious discrimination against minority religion, government regulation of the majority religion, and religious legislation. The study shows that government involvement in religion is ubiquitous, that it increased significantly during this period, and that only a minority of states, including a minority of democracies, have separation of religion and state. These findings contradict the predictions of religion's reduced public significance found in modernization and secularization theory. The findings also demonstrate that state religious monopolies are linked to reduced religious participation.

Church and State in the Modern Age

A Documentary History
Author: J. F. Maclear
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195086813
Category: Education
Page: 510
View: 2647
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This is a collection of documents on church-state relations in modern history. All material is associated with the evolution of the post-Reformation churches - Catholic, Protestant and Orthodox - in their relationship to the simultaneously developing moder

Religion and State in Iran, 1785-1906

The Role of the Ulama in the Qajar Period
Author: Hamid Algar
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520041004
Category: Clergy
Page: 286
View: 4985
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Church and State in America

The First Two Centuries
Author: James H. Hutson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139467905
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 869
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This is an account of the ideas about and public policies relating to the relationship between government and religion from the settlement of Virginia in 1607 to the presidency of Andrew Jackson, 1829–37. This book describes the impact and the relationship of various events, legislative, and judicial actions, including the English Toleration Act of 1689, the First and Second Great Awakenings, the Constitution of the United States, the Bill of Rights, and Jefferson's Letter to the Danbury Baptists. Four principles were paramount in the American approach to government's relation to religion: the importance of religion to public welfare; the resulting desirability of government support of religion (within the limitations of political culture); liberty of conscience and voluntaryism; the requirement that religion be supported by free will offerings, not taxation. Hutson analyzes and describes the development and interplay of these principles, and considers the relevance of the concept of the separation of church and state during this period.

Democratic Authority and the Separation of Church and State


Author: Robert Audi
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199796084
Category: Law
Page: 180
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This book clarifies the relation between religion and ethics, articulates principles governing religion in politics, and outlines a theory of civic virtue. It frames institutional principles to guide governmental policies toward religion and counterpart standards to guide individual citizens; and it defends an account of toleration that leavens the ethical framework both in individual nations and internationally.

Church and State

Australia's Imaginary Wall
Author: Thomas R. Frame
Publisher: UNSW Press
ISBN: 9780868409160
Category: History
Page: 96
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Few Australians realize that the Constitution does not formally separate Church and State. Tom Frame argues that some contact between organized religion and government is both inevitable and, in some circumstances, highly desirable. But there are continuing and unnecessary tensions, for which Christians are largely responsible. This book explores the nature of the tensions, and how to deal with them.

Religion and State in Tanzania Revisited

Reflections from 50 Years of Independence
Author: Thomas Ndaluka,Frans Wijsen
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643905467
Category: Religion
Page: 208
View: 2672
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This book looks at the relationship between religion and state in Tanzania as a feature of the Tanzanian social scene, from pre-colonial/colonial times to post-colonial times. It examines the changes in the character of religion and state relations, especially after independence, and the way these changes are experienced in different communities - particularly by African traditionalists, Muslims, and Christians. The book studies the nature of the relationship between religion and state, the way it is conceptualized and experienced, and the implications for the democratic aspirations of pluralist Tanzania. (Series: Interreligious Studies - Vol. 7) [Subject: History, African Studies, Religious Studies, Politics]

Religion and State Formation in Postrevolutionary Mexico


Author: Ben Fallaw
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822353377
Category: History
Page: 329
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This volume offers a powerful argument that Catholics and Catholicism had a more pervasive and impeding influence on postrevolutionary state formation in Mexico than historians have recognized or acknowledged.

Separation of Church and State


Author: Philip HAMBURGER
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674038185
Category: Law
Page: 528
View: 637
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In a powerful challenge to conventional wisdom, Philip Hamburger argues that the separation of church and state has no historical foundation in the First Amendment. The detailed evidence assembled here shows that eighteenth-century Americans almost never invoked this principle. Although Thomas Jefferson and others retrospectively claimed that the First Amendment separated church and state, separation became part of American constitutional law only much later. Hamburger shows that separation became a constitutional freedom largely through fear and prejudice. Jefferson supported separation out of hostility to the Federalist clergy of New England. Nativist Protestants (ranging from nineteenth-century Know Nothings to twentieth-century members of the K.K.K.) adopted the principle of separation to restrict the role of Catholics in public life. Gradually, these Protestants were joined by theologically liberal, anti-Christian secularists, who hoped that separation would limit Christianity and all other distinct religions. Eventually, a wide range of men and women called for separation. Almost all of these Americans feared ecclesiastical authority, particularly that of the Catholic Church, and, in response to their fears, they increasingly perceived religious liberty to require a separation of church from state. American religious liberty was thus redefined and even transformed. In the process, the First Amendment was often used as an instrument of intolerance and discrimination.

The Crisis of Church and State, 1050-1300


Author: Brian Tierney
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802067012
Category: History
Page: 212
View: 7465
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From the Introduction: We need not be surprised, then, that in the Middle Ages also there were rulers who aspired to supreme political and temporal power. The truly exceptional thing is that in medieval times there were always at least two claimants to the role, each commanding a formidable apparatus of government, and that for century after century neither was able to dominate the other completely, so that the duality persisted, was eventually rationalized in works of political theory and ultimately built into the structure of European society. This situation profoundly influenced the development of Western constitutionalism.