Religious Authority and Political Thought in Twelver Shi'ism

From Ali to Post-Khomeini
Author: Hamid Mavani
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135044732
Category: Political Science
Page: 274
View: 4067
Ranging from the time of the infallible Imams, to the contemporary era, this book provides a comprehensive overview of Shi’i religious and political authority, focusing on Iran and Lebanon, without limiting the discourse to Khomeini’s version of an Islamic State. Utilising untapped Arabic and Persian sources, Hamid Mavani provides a detailed, nuanced, and diverse theoretical discussion on the doctrine of leadership (Imamate) in Shi’ism from traditional, theological, philosophical, and mystical perspectives. This theoretical discussion becomes the foundation for an analysis of the transmission of the Twelfth Imam’s religious and political authority vis-á-vis the jurists during his Greater Occultation. Bringing the often overlooked diversity within the Shi’i tradition into sharp focus, Religious Authority and Political Thought in Twelver Shi’ism discusses what constitutes an Islamic state, if there is such a notion as an Islamic state. Hamid Mavani further explores the possibility of creating a space for secularity, facilitating a separation between religion and state, and ensuring equal rights for all. This book argues that such a development is only possible if there is a rehabilitation of ijtihad. If this were to materialise modern religious, social, economic, political, and cultural challenges could be addressed more successfully. This book will be of use to scholars and students with interests ranging from Politics, to Religion, to Middle East Studies.

Modern Islamic Political Thought

Author: Hamid Enayat
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781850434658
Category: Political Science
Page: 225
View: 2199
The revival and power of religious feelings among Muslims since the Iranian Revolution presents a complicated and often perplexing picture of the politics of the Islamic world in the modern era. What are the ideas which have influenced the direction of these trends? In this book, Hamid Enayat provides an answer by describing and interpreting some of the major Islamic political ideas, especially those expressed by Iranians and Egyptians, as well as thinkers from Pakistan, India, Lebanon, Syria and Iraq. Enayat studies the political differences between the two main schools in Islam--Shi'ism and Sunnism, how their ideas have evolved in recent times and how far they have moved from confrontation to convergence. Enayat examines the concept of the Islamic state, and the Muslim repsonse to the challenge of alien and modern ideologies such as nationlism, democracy and socialism, as well as notions of Shi'i modernism, much neglected in Western writings. Enayat's classic work, a lucid and well argued interpretation of modern Islamic political thought, remains indispensable for an understanding of the current politics of the Muslim world.

Die Schia

Author: Heinz Halm
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783534031368
Category: Islam and politics
Page: 261
View: 3407

The Twelver Shia in Modern Times

Religious Culture and Political History
Author: Rainer Brunner,Werner Ende
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004118034
Category: Religion
Page: 395
View: 1704
This publication discusses the development of Shiite Islam since the 18th century in its various aspects. Its 21 contributions focus on the transformation of theological traditions, the role of internal criticism and ideological and political tendencies in the 20the century.

Der Imam al-Qasim ibn Ibrahim und die Glaubenslehre der Zaiditen

Author: Wilferd Madelung
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110826542
Category: Philosophy
Page: 271
View: 4493

Die Vernetzung der Welt

Ein Blick in unsere Zukunft
Author: Eric Schmidt,Jared Cohen
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644030618
Category: Political Science
Page: 448
View: 4176
Welche Konsequenzen wird es haben, wenn in Zukunft die überwiegende Mehrheit der Weltbevölkerung online ist? Wenn Informationstechnologien so allgegenwärtig sind wie Elektrizität? Was bedeutet das für die Politik, die Wirtschaft – und für uns selbst? Diese Fragen beantwortet ein außergewöhnliches Autorenduo: Eric Schmidt, der Mann, der Google zu einem Weltunternehmen gemacht hat, und Jared Cohen, ehemaliger Berater von Hillary Clinton und Condoleezza Rice und jetzt Chef von Googles Denkfabrik. In diesem aufregenden Buch führen sie uns die Chancen und Gefahren jener eng vernetzten Welt vor Augen, die die meisten von uns noch erleben werden. Es ist die sehr konkrete Vision einer Zukunft, die bereits begonnen hat. Und ein engagiertes Plädoyer dafür, sie jetzt zu gestalten – weil Technologie der leitenden Hand des Menschen bedarf, um Positives zu bewirken.

Islamic Messianism

The Idea of Mahdi in Twelver Shi'ism
Author: Abdulaziz Abdulhussein Sachedina
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780873954426
Category: Religion
Page: 230
View: 6542
The first comprehensive study of the idea of the Mahdi, or divinely guided messianic leader.

Alternative Islamic Discourses and Religious Authority

Author: Susanne Olsson,Carool Kersten
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317182537
Category: Social Science
Page: 220
View: 6864
Like anywhere else, the present-day Islamic world too is grappling with modernity and postmodernity, secularisation and globalisation. Muslims are raising questions about religious representations and authority. This has given rise to the emergence of alternative Islamic discourses which challenge binary oppositions and dichotomies of orthodoxy and heterodoxy, continuity and change, state and civil society. It also leads to a dispersal of authority, a collapse of existing hierarchical structures and gender roles. This book further argues that the centre of gravity of many of these alternative Islamic discourses is shifting from the Arabic-speaking 'heartland' towards the geographical peripheries of the Muslim world and expatriate Muslims in North America and Europe. At the same time, in view of recent seismic shifts in the political constellation of the Middle East, the trends discussed in this book hold important clues for the possible direction of future developments in that volatile part of the Muslim world.

Religion and Society in Qajar Iran

Author: Professor of Arabic Studies Robert Gleave,Robert Gleave
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134304196
Category: History
Page: 496
View: 2240
Gleave brings together studies by experts in the area of religion in nineteenth-century Iran in order to present new insights into Qajar religion, political and cultural history. Key topics covered include the relationship between religion and the state, the importance of archival materials for the study of religion, the developments of Qajar religious thought, the position of religious minorities in Qajar Iran, the relationship between religion and Qajar culture, and the centrality of Shi'ite hierarchy and the state.

Islamic Political Thought

An Introduction
Author: Gerhard Bowering
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400866421
Category: Religion
Page: 304
View: 4480
In sixteen concise chapters on key topics, this book provides a rich, authoritative, and up-to-date introduction to Islamic political thought from the birth of Islam to today, presenting essential background and context for understanding contemporary politics in the Islamic world and beyond. Selected from the acclaimed Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought, and focusing on the origins, development, and contemporary importance of Islamic political ideas and related subjects, each chapter offers a sophisticated yet accessible introduction to its topic. Written by leading specialists and incorporating the latest scholarship, the alphabetically arranged chapters cover the topics of authority, the caliphate, fundamentalism, government, jihad, knowledge, minorities, modernity, Muhammad, pluralism and tolerance, the Qur'an, revival and reform, shariʿa (sacred law), traditional political thought, ‘ulama' (religious scholars), and women. Read separately or together, these chapters provide an indispensable resource for students, journalists, policymakers, and anyone else seeking an informed perspective on the complex intersection of Islam and politics. The contributors are Gerhard Bowering, Ayesha S. Chaudhry, Patricia Crone, Roxanne Euben, Yohanan Friedmann, Paul L. Heck, Roy Jackson, Wadad Kadi, John Kelsay, Gudrun Krämer, Ebrahim Moosa, Armando Salvatore, Aram A. Shahin, Emad El-Din Shahin, Devin J. Stewart, SherAli Tareen, and Muhammad Qasim Zaman. A new afterword discusses the essays in relation to contemporary political developments.

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought

Author: Gerhard Böwering,Patricia Crone
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691134847
Category: Political Science
Page: 656
View: 8929
"In 2012, the year 1433 of the Muslim calendar, the Islamic population throughout the world was estimated at approximately a billion and a half, representing about one-fifth of humanity. In geographical terms, Islam occupies the center of the world, stretching like a big belt across the globe from east to west."--P. vii.

Islam Without Allah?

The Rise of Religious Externalism in Safavid Iran
Author: Colin Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136851666
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 7579
This ground-breaking and controversial work locates the antecedents of today's Islamic 'fundamentalism' in 16th and 17th century Iran and the forced conversion of the Sunnite population of Iran to the largely alien doctrines of Twelver Shi'ism; the concomitant extirpation of Sufism and philosophy; and the gradual rise of the 'faqih' or jurist.

Shiʻism, resistance, and revolution

Author: Martin S. Kramer
Publisher: Westview Pr
ISBN: 9780813304533
Category: History
Page: 324
View: 9607

Die Herrschaft des Ayatollah Khomeini als eine charismatische nach Max Weber?

Author: Christopher Rerrer
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 366845552X
Category: Social Science
Page: 17
View: 8866
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2017 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Individuum, Gruppe, Gesellschaft, Note: 1,0, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Veranstaltung: Grundprobleme der Soziologie: Macht & Herrschaft, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: In dem ersten theoretischen Teil dieser Arbeit wird auf die Grundbegriffe der Herrschaftssoziologie nach Max Weber eingegangen, wobei der Schwerpunkt insbesondere auf die charismatische Herrschaft und die Veralltäglichung des Charismas gelegt wird. Nach einem kurzen Exkurs in die religiös-historischen Hintergründe der Herrschaft im Schiismus, der für das grundlegende Verständnis der Debatte um Herrschaft im Iran notwendig ist, wird anhand der Lepsius Interpretation eine Analyse und Einordnung des Falls Ayatollah Khomeini durchgeführt. Der Anspruch dieser Arbeit ist es, herauszufinden, inwiefern die Herrschaft des Ayatollah Khomeinis eine charismatische gemäß der Kriterien nach Max Weber ist. Ziel ist es, die Weber'sche Theorie mit weiteren Fallbeispielen zu unterfüttern, um somit ein besseres Bewusstsein über die soziale Beziehung zwischen „Beherrschten“ und „Herrschenden zu erlangen. Besonders in Zeiten, in denen die „(..)Staatskunst großer Männer“ unter dem Deckmantel der Religion wieder auf dem Vormarsch zu sein scheint, ist diesem Bewusstsein eine hohe Bedeutung zu zumessen. „Politik ist die Staatskunst großer Männer.“, mit dieser heutzutage recht eigenartig anmutenden Definition von Politik zeigt der im 19. Jahrhundert lebende Historiker Heinrich von Treitschke auf, in welchem Maße es Einzelpersonen waren, die bereits die vorhergehenden Jahrhunderte der Menschheitsgeschichte wesentlich geprägt hatten. Die Ereignisse des 20. Jahrhunderts und insbesondere die beiden Weltkriege, in denen es einzelne Männer waren, die für den Auf- und Abstieg ganzer „Nationen“ verantwortlich waren, sollen ihm in seiner Feststellung recht geben. Auch Hume stellt in seinem Zitat „Nothing apperas more suprising to those who consider human affairs with a philosophic eye than the easiness with which the many are governed by a few.“, mit philosophischem Blick verwundert fest, wie das zahlenmäßige Verhältnis zwischen Herrschern und Beherrschten festgelegt ist und mit welcher Selbstverständlichkeit eben dieses passiert. Man mag meinen, dass all dies Tatbestände der Vergangenheit sind, doch autoritäre Charismaträger wie Jaroslav Kaczynski oder sogar Abu Bakhr-al Baghdadi zeigen, dass trotz der der universellen Gleichheit aller Menschen, es doch wenige sind, die unsere Welt zu formen scheinen und hierfür zunehmend religiöse Motive eine Rolle spielen.

Substance Use Among Migrants

The Case of Iranians in Belgium
Author: Marjolein Muys
Publisher: ASP / VUBPRESS / UPA
ISBN: 905487564X
Category: Psychology
Page: 192
View: 1442
Based on participant observations and open interviews with 129 Iranian migrants in Belgium, this study provides information on both pre- and post-migration patterns of drug use among this population. Covering a wide range of substances--including opium, tobacco, and alcohol--consumed by Iranians from pre-Islamic times to present day, this resource illustrates how different cultures have defined drugs across the ages. Showing how the issue of drug use among migrants is more complex than once thought, this is one of the first studies to look at drug abuse among migrants from a paradigm other than a medical one.

Der Islam am Wendepunkt

liberale und konservative Reformer einer Weltreligion
Author: Katajun Amirpur
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783451056659
Category: Democracy
Page: 219
View: 6957
Heisst Islam Krieg oder Frieden? Sind Islam und Moderne vereinbar? In der islamischen Welt selbst wird diese Frage heftig diskutiert. Es geht um den Koran und seine Auslegung, um Demokratie und Scharia, Islam in Europa, Frauen- und Menschenrechte. Konservative und liberale Neuausleger der Tradition werden hier in spannenden Porträts lebendig. Wegweisende Vorschläge zur Rückbesinnung und zur Neuauslegung des Glaubens.

Muslim Identities

An Introduction to Islam
Author: Aaron W. Hughes
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231531923
Category: Religion
Page: 328
View: 7810
Rather than focus solely on theological concerns, this well-rounded introduction takes an expansive view of Islamic ideology, culture, and tradition, sourcing a range of historical, sociological, and literary perspectives. Neither overly critical nor apologetic, this book reflects the rich diversity of Muslim identities across the centuries and counters the unflattering, superficial portrayals of Islam that are shaping public discourse today. Aaron W. Hughes uniquely traces the development of Islam in relation to historical, intellectual, and cultural influences, enriching his narrative with the findings, debates, and methodologies of related disciplines, such as archaeology, history, and Near Eastern studies. Hughes's work challenges the dominance of traditional terms and concepts in religious studies, recasting religion as a set of social and cultural facts imagined, manipulated, and contested by various actors and groups over time. Making extensive use of contemporary identity theory, Hughes rethinks the teaching of Islam and religions in general and helps facilitate a more critical approach to Muslim sources. For readers seeking a non-theological, unbiased, and richly human portrait of Islam, as well as a strong grasp of Islamic study's major issues and debates, this textbook is a productive, progressive alternative to more classic surveys.

History of Islamic Political Thought

Author: Antony Black
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748688781
Category: Philosophy
Page: 400
View: 3708
Second edition of the history of Islamic political thought that traces its roots from early Islam to the current age of Fundamentalism (622 AD to 2010 AD).