Research Ethics in Criminology

Dilemmas, Issues and Solutions
Author: Malcolm Cowburn,Loraine Gelsthorpe,Azrini Wahidin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131762145X
Category: Social Science
Page: 254
View: 8062
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Ethical principles and concerns are at the heart of criminological research and can arise at the planning, implementation and reporting stages. It is vital that researchers are aware of the issues involved so that they can make informed decisions about the implications of certain choices. This cutting-edge book charts the changing topography of ethics, governance and accountability for social science research in criminology, contributes to the developing discourse on research ethics and demonstrates the importance as to why research ethics should be taken seriously. Bringing together a range of experts who consider both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. This book examines the key issues and challenges of ethical research. Topics covered include: the measures in place to ensure ethical research practice for social scientists; the relationship between state funding and research findings; the challenge of researching sensitive areas; the changing face of governance and accountability for academic criminology. Research Ethics in Criminology is a comprehensive and accessible text that is ideal for students studying criminological research methods. Supplementary material includes key points, chapter summaries, critical thinking questions, key definitions, case examples, and recommendations for further reading. This book will provide a thorough grounding in the ethical issues faced by researchers, as well as an understanding of the role and purpose of ethics committees.

Research Misconduct as White-Collar Crime

A Criminological Approach
Author: Rita Faria
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319734350
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 2397
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This book explores the subject of research misconduct: its definition, what behaviours should fall under its label, and the types of preventive and repressive procedures that should be put to practice to combat it. Adopting a criminological perspective, Faria views research misconduct as a locus of analysis for corporate and white-collar crime. Based upon an empirical study involving in-depth interviews and documentary analysis, this original research offers an interesting approach to an age-old problem which is growing ever more important. The commodification of research – together with perceived risks of research misconduct – is opening the way to ambiguous and ineffective forms of social control over scholars, affecting their commitment to research integrity and the responsible conduct of research. Despite this, however, little consensus around the phenomenon exists. Seeking to counter this, Faria opens up the discussion on the potential social harms arising from the current state of affairs, and argues that that criminology should task itself with understanding and researching the pressing topic of research misconduct, including fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism, as well as questionable research practices.

Gendered Agency in War and Peace

Gender Justice and Women's Activism in Post-Conflict Bosnia-Herzegovina
Author: Maria O’Reilly
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1352001454
Category: Political Science
Page: 326
View: 7153
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This book examines how gendered agency emerges in peacebuilding contexts. It develops a feminist critique of the international peacebuilding interventions, through a study of transitional justice policies and practices implemented in Bosnia & Herzegovina, and local activists’ responses to official discourses surrounding them. Extending Nancy Fraser’s tripartite model of justice to peacebuilding contexts, the book also advances notions of recognition, redistribution and representation as crucial components of gender-just peace. It argues that recognising women as victims and survivors of conflict, achieving a gender-equitable distribution of material and symbolic resources, and enabling women to participate as agents of transitional justice processes, are all essential for transforming the structural inequalities that enable gender violence and discrimination to materialise before, during, and after conflict. This study establishes a new avenue of analysis for understanding responses and resistances to international peacebuilding, by offering a sustained engagement with feminist social and political theory.

European Journal of Policing Studies

Jaargang - 5/4 (2017)- Changes in policing to improve service delivery
Author: N.A
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 9046609383
Category:
Page: 154
View: 2935
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Contents: Introduction Antoinette Verhage, Lieselot Bisschop and Wim Hardyns br> Articles How to Police a Porous Fortress? Monica den Boer (1) Abstract The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the way in which the European Union has gradually but steadily built a security architecture based on the control of mobility and borders. Different logics of policing are interwoven in several projects, which are strongly interdependent with technological innovation. Furthermore, the European policing of mobility is primarily performed by mounting surveillance – both inside and beyond European borders – by means of which all forms of movement (transactions, travelling, etc.) are subjected to intensive monitoring by multiple actors who are interlinked through strategies and systems. The main finding is that border policing is shifting in a fundamental way from fixed to fluid, from territorial to virtual, and from physical to technological. Hence, paradoxically, though mobility is strongly promoted as one of the main virtues of the European Union, Europe’s precautionary protection may be at ill-ease with the free movement of people. The article seeks to stimulate the knowledge and debate about deeper shifts in Europe’s security apparatus and develops this from a law enforcement perspective. Keywords: Europe; borders; security; mobility; technology (1) Academic Dean at the Police Academy of The Netherlands, Member of the Committee on European Integration of the Advisory Council on International Affairs and Visiting Professor at the College of Europe in Bruges. Police Science in Germany: History and New Perspectives Joachim Kersten (1) and Ansgar Burchard (2) Abstract In the German speaking academic world Police Science (Polizeiwissenschaft) is a fairly new and little known area of social science. Accordingly, the academic status of police science is anything but firmly established but rather at a ‘hybrid’ stage of development. The very combination of policing and academic study/research seems to remain largely incompatible not only to police managers but also to main stream sociology. German police science differs substantially from the Anglo-American-Australian approach. One main difference pertains to legal traditions, others are due to historical and cultural developments that will be taken up in this descriptive essay. However, Anglo-American-Australian police theories have a lot to offer to German and European police scientists and this will be demonstrated. For a future common approach to an evolving European police science similar descriptions will be required from other European countries to establish a comparative foundation of joint EU police studies. Some of the principal dimensions of such a comparison will be sketched in this essay. It concludes with a presentation of empirically based police studies carried out by instructors and Master students at the newly founded German Police University in Münster. Topics are media coverage of clashes between police and demonstrators, a typology of third party intervention in cases of assault in public places and COREPOL (EU FP7), a comparative security research project aiming at an improvement of police-minority relations through means of restorative justice programs. Keywords: Police Science in Germany; accountability; YouTube; public relations; Facebook; civil courage; violent assaults (1) Professor and Head of Department of the Department of Police Science at the German Police University (Germany), DAAD Professor at Northwestern University, and guest professor in Maastricht/NL, in Sydney/Australia, and in Tokyo/Japan. (2) Senior Researcher for ‘COREPOL’ (EU FP7).

Ethical Concerns in Research on Human Trafficking


Author: Dina Siegel,Roos de Wildt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319215213
Category: Social Science
Page: 277
View: 1691
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This book presents a vivid description of the solutions that researchers have discovered for ethical dilemmas that pose themselves at studying disadvantaged, vulnerable and victimized populations. Ethical codes prescribe that the scholar should in all circumstances avoid potential harm, that informed consent is necessary and that the limits of confidentiality should always be respected. However, in the practice of research among women involved in prostitution, illegal immigrant workers, enslaved children, people who sell their organs and all the traffickers thereof, the ethical rules cannot always be followed. This book shows that there is a surprising variety of arguable possibilities in dealing with ethical dilemmas in the field. Authors reflect on concrete experiences from their own fieldwork in a wide variety of settings such as the USA, Singapore, Kosovo and The Netherlands. Some choose to work on the basis of conscientious partiality, others negotiate the rules with their informants and still others purposely break the rules in order to disclose and damage the exploiters. Researchers may find themselves in a vulnerable position. Their experiences, as presented in this volume, will help field workers, university administrators, representatives of vulnerable groups, philosophers of ethics and most of all students to go into the field well-prepared. This is a book that every researcher planning to do fieldwork in the difficult field of hidden, illicit and victimized people should read in advance. Dr. Frank Bovenkerk, Professor (Emeritus), Willem Pompe Institute for Criminal Law and Criminology, Universiteit Utrecht, The Netherlands This book allows a peek in the kitchen of empirical fieldwork, going into not only “best practices,” but mistakes made, in a frank, courageous and honest way. Dr. Brenda C. Oude Breuil, Willem Pompe Institute for Criminal Law and Criminology, Universiteit Utrecht, The Netherlands

Die Unsterblichkeit der Henrietta Lacks

Die Geschichte der HeLa-Zellen
Author: Rebecca Skloot
Publisher: Irisiana
ISBN: 3641051754
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 512
View: 2550
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Dieses Buch betrifft uns alle Sie waren notwendig, um Fortschritte gegen Krebs und AIDS zu erzielen. Klonen und Genforschung wäre ohne sie nicht möglich gewesen. Kurz: Die größten Erfolge der Medizin der letzten Jahrzehnte basieren auf der Entdeckung der HeLa-Zellen. Hinter dem Kürzel verbirgt sich eine Frau namens Henrietta Lacks. Die Afroamerikanerin aus ärmlichen Verhältnissen starb 1951 jung an Gebärmutterhalskrebs. Zuvor wurden ihr ohne ihr Wissen Zellproben entnommen, die sich überraschenderweise vermehrten. Damit war der entscheidende Durchbruch in der Zellkulturforschung geschafft. Die prämierte Wissenschaftsjournalistin Rebecca Skloot stellt in ihrem brillant verfassten Buch wichtige Jahrzehnte der Medizingeschichte vor und wirft dabei immer wieder ethische Fragen auf. Sie erzählt die tragische Familiengeschichte der Lacks’, die von Rassismus und mangelnden Bildungschancen geprägt ist. Ihr Buch ist eine gekonnte Mischung aus Biografie, Medizingeschichte, Debattenbuch und beachtlichem Enthüllungsjournalismus.

Das unbeschriebene Blatt

Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104903905
Category: Social Science
Page: 768
View: 6663
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Mit einem aktuellen Vorwort zur Neuausgabe! Auf John Locke geht die Vorstellung zurück, der Mensch sei ein leeres Blatt, auf dem im Verlauf des Lebens die persönlichen Erfahrungen eingetragen werden. In seinem mittlerweile klassischen Buch »Das unbeschriebene Blatt. Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur« bezieht Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker ganz die Gegenposition: Mit Witz, Brillanz und Gelehrsamkeit analysiert er die Geschichte dieser Idee und zeigt, wie falsch sie ist – mit allen kruden Auswirkungen auf Vorstellungen von Sexualität, Rasse, Kindererziehung, Intelligenz usw. Die Rolle der Gene wird systematisch unterschätzt; aber das bedeutet nicht, dass wir ihnen völlig ausgeliefert sind. Pinker zeigt nämlich auch, wie befreiend diese Sichtweise sein kann. Ein unterhaltsames und anschauliches Buch zur Natur des Menschen, ein echter Lesegenuss.

Strafrecht, soziale Kontrolle, soziale Disziplinierung


Author: Gabi Löschper,Karl F. Schumann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322941795
Category: Social Science
Page: 372
View: 3899
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Die interdisziplinäre Diskussion über Strafrecht bemüht sich, den Stellenwert des Strafrechts im Rahmen des gesamten Ensembles gesellschaftlicher Mechanismen der Integration und Kontrolle zu bestimmen. Dabei markieren Strafrecht und Selbstdisziplinierung die beiden Endpole einer Skala von Mechanismen, welche die Rolle des Subjekts in bezug auf die Ordnungsschemata abstufen. Die verschiedenen Schichten sozialer Kontrolle sowie ihr jeweiliges Verhältnis zu den genannten Polen werden hier aus unterschiedlichen disziplinären Blickwinkeln beleuchtet.

Qualitative Interviews


Author: Sabina Misoch
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110354616
Category: Social Science
Page: 301
View: 5876
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Qualitative interviews are a key tool in modern research practice. What are the different forms of the qualitative interview? Which method is suitable for which situation? How does one conduct qualitative interviews in practice? The book answers these and other questions by presenting methodological principles and different interview methods with schemata, figures, and examples, along with a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages.

Changes in Society, Crime and Criminal Justice in Europe

A Challenge for Criminological Education and Research. International organised and corporate crime. Vol. 2
Author: Cyrille Fijnaut
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041101877
Category: Law
Page: 278
View: 7683
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Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology


Author: Dean J. Champion
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 628
View: 7917
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Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology 3e is about how to do research and investigate various types of research questions that arise in criminology and criminal justice. A complete discussion of research ethics–including ethical issues relating to the Nuremberg Code, research sponsorship, rights of human subjects and deception — helps readers understand their ethical responsibilities as researchers. This book explores the entire criminal justices and criminology research process from beginning to end including: sampling procedures; data collection techniques; measurement, validity and reliability issues; the role of ethics in the research process; and writing and documenting research papers. Presents a practical guide for conducting research in criminal justice and criminology careers.

Allgemeine Psychopathologie


Author: Karl Jaspers
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 364249689X
Category: Psychology
Page: 748
View: 891
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Criminology


Author: Henry
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780070004146
Category: Crime and criminals
Page: 102
View: 5075
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Research methods for criminal justice and criminology


Author: Michael G. Maxfield,Earl R. Babbie
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 464
View: 7665
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You'll feel like an actual participant in the research process with this bestseller's unique over-the-shoulder vantage point and practical, example-filled discussions drawn from various facets of criminal justice research. Prominent criminologist Michael G. Maxfield and acclaimed research methods author Earl Babbie guide you in effectively applying research methods to the study of crime and criminal justice policy. Conversational and learner-friendly, RESEARCH METHODS FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND CRIMINOLOGY includes many study tools, examples, and exercises to help you do well on exams and excel in this course.

Postmoderne Ethik


Author: Zygmunt Bauman
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783868542066
Category: Postmoderne - Ethik
Page: 380
View: 3650
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Die sprechende Maske


Author: Tony Hillerman
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 368810143X
Category: Fiction
Page: 288
View: 8857
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Eine Leiche wird im Gebüsch an der Eisenbahnlinie gefunden, draußen in der Wüste von Arizona, in der Reservation der Navajo-Indianer. Das FBI und Lieutenant Leaphorn von der Indianerpolizei stehen vor einem Rätsel: Wie konnte der Tote hier in diese Einöde gelangen, an diesen menschenleeren Fleck? Der einzige Hinweis ist eine Notiz in der Tasche des Opfers. Aus ihr geht hervor, daß das Opfer auf dem Weg zu einem «Yeibichai» war, einer nur noch selten abgehaltenen Heilungszeremonie der Navajos ...

Aspiring Academics

A Resource Book for Graduate Students and Early Career Faculty
Author: Michael Solem,Kenneth Foote,Janice Monk
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780136048916
Category: Science
Page: 212
View: 9647
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"Aspiring Academics is a set of essays designed to help graduate students and early career faculty get started in their careers in geography and related social and environmental sciences. Rather than viewing faculty work as a collection of unrelated tasks, Aspiring Academics stresses the interdependence of teaching, research, and service and the importance of achieving a healthy balance in professional and personal life. Drawing on several years of research, the chapters provide accessible, forward-looking advice on topics that often cause the most stress in the first years of a college or university appointment." "Aspiring Academics also features a companion website offering dozens of activities that can be used in workshops, seminars, and informal gatherings of graduate students and faculty. Written in a spirit of collegiality and sharing of support, visitors to the website can participate in discussion forums and contribute their own resources and tips for others."--Jacket.

Criminology & Penology Abstracts


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Crime
Page: N.A
View: 4227
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