Einführung in die Medizinische Soziologie


Author: N.A
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322851354
Category: Social Science
Page: 226
View: 1709
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Self, Social Identity, and Physical Health

Interdisciplinary Explorations
Author: Richard J. Contrada,Richard D. Ashmore
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195127315
Category: Medical
Page: 269
View: 490
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume examines how our understanding of self and social identity is linked to physical health and disease. Topics include: the self-regulation model and cultural system through which the individual experiences illness and treatment; behaviour patterns; and the impact of physical illness.

Creating Sociological Awareness

Collective Images and Symbolic Representations
Author: Anselm L. Strauss
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412820588
Category: Social Science
Page: 504
View: 6902
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this volume the distinguished sociologist Anselm Strauss reflects on his self-professed, lifelong intention to create sociological awareness in his readers and students. Strauss democratizes sociology by making sure that relativities of status, power, and wealth are acknowledged in the conduct of everyday life, and by recognizing that all collective life is subject to negotiation, rearrangement, and reconstruction. Represented here are some ideas for which Strauss is best known. He addresses work, leisure, culture, illness, identity, and policy. These disparate topics are linked by Strauss’ “web of negotiation” by which organizational arrangements can be changed. The volume concludes with discussion about problems of method, consultation, and teaching, affirming Strauss’ commitment to passing along the sociological awareness reflected in this volume to a next generation. Squarely in the long tradition of the Chicago School of sociology, the work of Anselm Strauss represents the very best thinking in modern sociological and psychological analysis. Those interested in the origins of his major conceptual frameworks will find this an essential volume.

Healthcare Information Technology Innovation and Sustainability: Frontiers and Adoption

Frontiers and Adoption
Author: Tan, Joseph
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466627980
Category: Medical
Page: 355
View: 7102
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Healthcare Information Technology Innovation and Sustainability: Frontiers and Adoption presents research in the emerging field on information systems and informatics in the healthcare industry. By addressing innovative concepts and critical issues through case studies and experimental research, this reference source is useful for practitioners, researchers and academics aiming to advance the knowledge and practice of these interdisciplinary fields of healthcare information.

Conceptual and empirical issues of technological change in the health care sector

innovation and diffusion of hemodialysis and renal transplantation
Author: Ann Bonair
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Hemodialysis
Page: 206
View: 5662
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Handbook of Medical Sociology


Author: Howard E. Freeman,Sol Levine
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Medicine.
Page: 548
View: 4510
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Health Care Technology and Its Assessment

An International Perspective
Author: Henry David Banta,Bryan R. Luce
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780192622976
Category: Delivery of Health Care
Page: 352
View: 8520
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Since 1945, a broad array of health care technologies have come into use, including antibiotics, anti-hypertensive drugs, oral diuretics, oral contraceptives, psycho-pharmaceuticals, corticosteroids, vaccines, open-heart surgery, genetics screening, automated clinical laboratories, renal dialysis, and cardiac pacemakers. Unquestionably, these technologies have brought benefits to millions. However, as costs of health care have risen rapidly, governments have increasingly singled out expensive technology as the culprit. The result has been changes in the methods of paying for health care in most countries to control cost rises. This has led to a slowing of technological change in some countries and increasing necessities to choose in all countries. This timely work describes how technology assessment critically evaluates the benefits, costs, and social implications of technology. The book presents an international perspective on health care technology's development and diffusion, and explains how health care technology can enlighten difficult choices faced by policy-makers, clinicians, and patients.

Protecting the World's Children

Immunisation policies and Practices
Author: Sidsel Roalkvam,Desmond McNeill,Stuart Blume
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019164451X
Category: Medical
Page: 248
View: 5592
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Vaccination programmes now represent a major part of the effort devoted to improving the health of children in developing countries. These donor-funded programmes tend to be global in scope and focus on worldwide goals and targets such as 'polio eradication', and the Millennium Development Goals. Health policy makers at the national level are expected to implement these programmes in a standard manner and report progress according to a few standard indicators. Pressures and incentives to achieve the targets set are then transmitted down to the community level health worker who actually meets the parents and children to implement the programmes. Drawing on first hand, original research in India and Malawi carried out by the contributors, as well as existing literature, Protecting the World's Children: Immunisation policies and practices suggests that there is little or no scope allowed for the effects of variance in the way health systems work, the difficulties and tensions faced by health workers, or differences in the way people think about childhood illnesses that reflect cultural differences. The book argues that the need to show progress can create distortions and lead to the production of misleading data and an unwillingness to report problems. It proposes that vaccines could more effectively serve children's health needs if immunisation programmes are better understood and acknowledged, and if local knowledge and realities were enabled to inform national and international health policy. Written by an international, interdisciplinary team of experts in immunisation policy, Protecting the World's Children is an integrative study of immunisation policy and practice at a global, national and community level, and is an essential resource for researchers and practitioners in international and public health, as well as professionals in international and development studies.

1999 International Symposium on Technology and Society

Women and Technology: Historical, Societal, and Professional Perspectives : Proceedings, 29-31 July 1999, The Hyatt Hotel New Brunswick, New Brunswick, New Jersey
Author: N.A
Publisher: Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers(IEEE)
ISBN: 9780780356184
Category: Social Science
Page: 403
View: 5682
DOWNLOAD NOW »


National Library of Medicine Current Catalog

Cumulative listing
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Medicine
Page: N.A
View: 6129
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Current Catalog


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Medicine
Page: N.A
View: 888
DOWNLOAD NOW »
First multi-year cumulation covers six years: 1965-70.

Debates on U.S. Health Care


Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld,Wendy E. Parmet,Mark A. Zezza
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412996023
Category: Medical
Page: 569
View: 7024
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This issues-based reference work (available in both print and electronic formats) shines a spotlight on health care policy and practice in the United States. Impassioned debates about the best solutions to health care in America have perennially erupted among politicians, scholars of public policy, medical professionals, and the general public. The fight over the Health Care Reform Act of 2010 brought to light a multitude of fears, challenges, obstacles, and passions that often had the effect of complicating rather than clarifying the debate. The discourse has never been more heated. The complex issues that animate the health care debate have forced the American public to grapple with the exigencies of the present system with regard to economic, fiscal, and monetary policy, especially as they relate to philosophical, often ideologically driven approaches to the problem. Americans have also had to examine their ideas about the relationship of the individual to and interaction with the state and the varied social and cultural beliefs about what an American solution to the problem of health care looks like. In light of the need to keep students, researchers, and other interested readers informed and up-to-date on the issues surrounding health care in the U.S., this volume uses introductory essays followed by point/counterpoint articles to explore prominent and perennially important debates, providing readers with views on multiple sides of this complex issue. Features & Benefits: The volume is divided into three sections, each with its own Section Editor: Quality of Care Debates (Dr. Jennie Kronenfeld), Economic & Fiscal Debates (Dr. Mark Zezza), and Political, Philosophical, & Legal Debates (Prof. Wendy Parmet). Sections open with a Preface by the Section Editor to introduce the broad theme at hand and provide historical underpinnings. Each Section holds 12 chapters addressing varied aspects of the broad theme of the section. Chapters open with an objective, lead-in piece (or "headnote") followed by a point article and a counterpoint article. All pieces (headnote, point article, counterpoint article) are signed. For each chapter, students are referred to further readings, data sources, and other resources as a jumping-off spot for further research and more in-depth exploration. Finally, the volume concludes with a comprehensive index, and the electronic version of the book includes search-and-browse features, as well as the ability to link to further readings cited within chapters should they be available to the library in electronic format.

Surrogate Motherhood and the Politics of Reproduction


Author: Susan Markens
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520252042
Category: Law
Page: 272
View: 1340
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In an analysis of legislative responses to surrogacy in New York and California, the author explores how discourses about gender, family, race, genetics, rights, and choice have shaped policies aimed at this issue. She examines the views of legislators, women's organizations, religious groups, the media, and others.

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology


Author: Mehdi Khosrow-Pour,Mehdi Khosrowpour
Publisher: IGI Global Snippet
ISBN: 9781605660264
Category: Computers
Page: 523
View: 1306
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"This set of books represents a detailed compendium of authoritative, research-based entries that define the contemporary state of knowledge on technology"--Provided by publisher.

Technologies for Development

What is Essential?
Author: Silvia Hostettler,Eileen Hazboun,Jean-Claude Bolay
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319162470
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 221
View: 3162
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The book presents case studies from Africa, Asia and Latin America addressing global development issues in the fields of health, energy, ICT and urbanism in an interdisciplinary way. The book illustrates key issues at the interface of technology, human, social, and economic development. Bringing together the best papers of the 2014 EPFL-UNESCO Conference on Technologies for Development, this book explores innovative technologies in the global South. It will be a valuable reference for researchers from engineering, natural sciences, information management, quantitative social sciences, and business faculties, as well as for development practitioners and policy makers. It shows the development potential of technologies, and discusses successful processes to develop and deploy them, as well how to evaluate their impact. The introduction to the book begins with a reflection on key issues regarding technologies for development. The following four sections focus on; (i) Innovative Technologies for Development, (ii) Open Source-Open Access-Open Innovation, (iii) Medical Technologies for the Global South, and (iv) Impact Assessment of Technologies for Development. Individual chapters explore issues such as a need for solid standards for newly developed technologies, how to successfully up-scale technology to a larger region, and how to involve private industry in the development of a technology.

Designing Technology Training for Older Adults in Continuing Care Retirement Communities


Author: Shelia R. Cotten,Elizabeth A. Yost,Ronald W. Berkowsky,Vicki Winstead,William A. Anderson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498718132
Category: Computers
Page: 191
View: 6167
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book provides the latest research and design-based recommendations for how to design and implement a technology training program for older adults in Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRCs). The approach in the book concentrates on providing useful best practices for CCRC owners, CEOs, activity directors, as well as practitioners and system designers working with older adults to enhance their quality of life. Educators studying older adults will also find this book useful Although the guidelines are couched in the context of CCRCs, the book will have broader-based implications for training older adults on how to use computers, tablets, and other technologies.

Government Reports Announcements & Index


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 1228
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Sociology

Principles and Applications
Author: George A. Theodorson,Lucille Theodorson
Publisher: West Group
ISBN: 9780314481481
Category: Social Science
Page: 627
View: 8202
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy


Author: Evan Ringquist
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118240499
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 592
View: 7815
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Praise for Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy "In his usual rigorous but readable style, Evan Ringquist andco-author Mary Anderson have produced a tour-de-force on the topicof meta-analysis in public policy and managementresearch. Meta-analysis is badly needed in the all-too-commonsituation when researchers have low confidence in summarizing theoverall results of dozens of studies on the effectiveness of somepolicy. This book has a nice combination of conceptualoverview, methodological details, and applications that will makeit possible for researchers to conduct their ownmeta-analysis. It is tempting to require all graduate studentsto write a meta-analysis as a chapter in their dissertation, orinclude meta-analysis as a standard offering in the researchmethods curriculum of social science graduate programs. Themore people that adopt Ringquist and Anderson's approach, the lessresources will be wasted on conducting studies that do notcontribute to cumulative scientific knowledge. " —Mark Lubell Department of Environmental Science and Policy Director, Center for Environmental Policy and Behavior Universityof California-Davis “Ringquist and his colleagues deliver value and add tocanon of public management methods by delivering an analyticalframework that makes the case for systematic research using thetools of meta-analysis. This book will be a must read for allcommitted to strengthening evidence-based research that improvespublic policy and management decision making.” —David M. Van Slyke The Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs SyracuseUniversity “In Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy EvanRingquist and his colleagues provide a lucid and practical roadmapfor policy and public management scholars who use meta-analysis intheir research. But this is more than a “how to”volume; it provides background on why meta-analysis is a potentmeans for accumulating and synthesizing empirical researchfindings, and shows how its use has evolved in recent decades.Specific applications of meta-analysis to long-standing policy andmanagement debates are given, essentially providing an array ofdeveloped “templates” through which scholars andpractitioners can assess how to approach different kinds ofanalytical problems using meta-analysis. Particularly valuable tome is the careful development and presentation of the necessarystages of meta-analysis, from conceptualization through data codingand bias assessment to advanced modeling. All of the statisticalanalyses can be conducted in Stata, utilizing readily available“.ado” modules. I will use this book, both inresearch and in the classroom. Overall it is one of the most usefulmethodological contributions I’ve seen in sometime.” —Hank Jenkins-Smith Department of Political Science Director, Center for Applied SocialResearch University of Oklahoma “Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy conveysthe considerable untapped potential of meta-analysis to strengthenand advance bodies of knowledge and evidence in public managementand policy. This book takes students and researchers deepinto the methods of meta-analysis and details of their empiricalapplication, without losing sight of the important policy questionsand the implications of choices that researchers make in theirempirical work for the production of evidence for public managersand policymakers. This book will serve as an excellentpractical guide for those conducting their first meta-analysis,while at the same time supporting critically-focused consumption ofexisting meta-analyses and discussion of where the field cangainfully take this approach to enhance our research and knowledgebases. It draws in a range of valuable and important examplesof applications of meta-analysis techniques throughout the book androunds off with four full-fledged applications of themethod. Although the book reaches out to an audience of publicmanagement and policy researchers and consumers of this research,it should be of interest to a broad range of applied social scienceresearchers and students as well.” —Carolyn Heinrich Sid Richardson Professor of Public Affairs Director, Center forHealth and Social Policy LBJ School of Public Affairs University ofTexas – Austin “Even for incredibly specialized techniques, publicmanagement and policy scholars have a multiplicity of methods textsfrom which to choose. Yet it is truly surprising that a strongguide to applied meta-analysis — a rigorous framework for theorganization of empirical findings — has not beenavailable. Ringquist and Anderson provided just that with anaccessible guide to sophisticated techniques. Marryingan instructive text to a set of exemplary standalone studies,Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy offers unparalleledguidance for instructors and students and more than a little wisdomfor seasoned scholars. It is destined to become the standardreference for our field.” —Anthony Michael Bertelli CC Crawford Chair in Management and Performance USC Price School ofPublic Policy USC Gould School of Law University of SouthernCalifornia “This comprehensive treatment of meta-analysis is anexcellent guide for scholars and students in public management andpublic policy. The carefully done exposition demonstrates whymeta-analysis should have greater use in theprofession.” —Kenneth J. Meier Charles H. Gregory Chair in Liberal Arts Department of PoliticalScience Texas A&M University “This remarkable book reviews the history of the use ofmeta-analysis in the social sciences, argues forcefully for itsimportance, value, and relevance for public managers, and providesone-stop-shopping for those who want to learn how to do it orunderstand how others have done it. The detailed coverage ofeach step in the process allows a student to learn the techniquecompletely while fully understanding the logic and intellectualgoals of the enterprise. Most importantly, the authors reviewtechniques from a range of disciplines, drawing most of theirpositive suggestions from the field of medical statistics ratherthan the social sciences. The examples and applications, onthe other hand, stem from the world of government and publicpolicy. Four chapters provide new syntheses of research onindividual policies using the techniques and practices introducedin the earlier chapters. The result is original research, astrong argument for the value of meta-analysis in a field(political science and public administration) that uses it little,and a complete tool-kit for those who would want to apply thesepowerful ideas on their own. A very impressive and usefultext.” —Frank R. Baumgartner Richard J. Richardson Distinguished Professor Department ofPolitical Science University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill “Meta-analysis is a valuable tool for accumulatingknowledge about how management matters from across a range ofpolicy areas and disciplines. It is also an underused tool, inlarge part because of the lack of a comprehensive and useable guideon the topic. Ringquist remedies this problem by offering clearinstruction on how to apply the technique wisely, as well as highlyuseful empirical demonstrations. The field of public managementneeds this excellent book.” —Donald Moynihan Professor of Public Affairs University ofWisconsin-Madison “Professors and students frequently face decisions abouthow deeply to invest in a statistical procedure, a new technology,a new theory, or some other development in their discipline. The authors of Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policysupport such a decision about meta-analysis by making a convincingcase for its value and increasing utilization, including such stepsas a careful consideration of criticisms of the method. EvanRingquist then provides clearly, engagingly written chapters on themajor concepts, procedures, and issues in the techniques ofmeta-analysis. His coauthors then provideeffectively-presented examples of meta-analytic studies about suchtopics as school voucher effectiveness, public service motivationand performance, and public sector performance management. The accessible and reader-friendly explanations, coupled with theillustrative examples that walk the reader through how to do it,make this a distinctively effective methodological text. Inso doing, it offers a distinctively valuable resource for those ofus who want to learn more about this important statisticalmethod.” —Hal Rainey Alumni Foundation Distinguished Professor Department of PublicAdministration and Policy University of Georgia “James Heckman’s Nobel lecture described thecombined influence of micro surveys, advances in computers andsoftware, and the development and dissemination of multivariatestatistical methods on applied economic research. His commentsapply equally well to empirical research throughout the socialsciences. These forces have created a “flood ofnumbers” and advances in technology since he wrote about themhave assured that the process is accelerating. We need to transformthe ways we learn from empirical analyses and create a science forthe analysis of the secondary data from applied statistical andeconometric models. This science would include methods forsummarizing what has been learned from estimates and tests. Itwould provide methods for diagnostic screening of results to gaugethe importance of modeling assumptions and the types of primarydata for the findings being reported. Finally, it may well lead tothe development of meta-models—integrating findings intendedto describe a single system but viewed thru distinctive empiricallenses. Meta-analysis is a method that takes an important step indeveloping this science. It is a collection of methods that is aproduct of the transformation in applied research in the past halfcentury. Initially much of this research was the domain of socialscientists working on the evaluation of educational interventions.In these applications the primary data from different studies wereroutinely available, but the outcome and control variables differedacross studies. As a result, the focus for these meta-analyses wason data combination with multiple, distinctive measures for assetof latent variables associated with the hypothesized underlyingprocess. The texts describing meta-analysis focused on thesesituations. As applications of meta-analysis expanded to economics,political science, and sociology, the data structures changed. Thenew data came from empirical models –as estimated parametersor summaries of test results. The challenges posed in developingthese types of data and understanding what they reveal weredistinctly different. A text developed by scholars who appreciatehow these types of summaries are different was missing untilRingquist and Anderson’s Meta Analysis for Public Managementand Policy. Explaining a process that blends the best ofqualitative and quantitative research is a challenge. This book hasmet this challenge and delivered researchers a great platform forteaching these methods to their students and for updating their ownskills. At least four features distinguish this book: 1. The authors display a clear understanding of thestrengths and the weaknesses of meta- analysis. Their treatmentdescribes how care in data construction, variable coding, relevantstatistical methods and, especially, careful attention tointerpreting the findings from a meta-analysis can reinforce thestrengths and mitigate the weaknesses. 2. There are real examples presented throughout the book alongwith a genuine understanding of the importance of the details indeveloping meta-analyses. 3. The coverage of relevant statistical methods iscomprehensive and clear. And 4. The Appendices offer the detail researchers need to see inorder to genuinely learn how to use meta analytic methods. It should be in the library of every serious teacher orpractitioner”—V. Kerry Smith Regents Professor and W.P.Carey Professor Department of Economics Arizona StateUniversity “There are several texts for meta-analysis available, mostnotably “The Handbook of Research Synthesis andMeta-Analysis” by Cooper, Hedges and Valentine, but nonespecifically directed to public administration and policyscholars. In fact the points of emphasis and examples make theexisting texts both difficult and poorly suited for the appliedsocial sciences. Ringquist’s book is a spectacularsuccess in filling this lacuna. Ringquist provides a clearer encapsulation of “thebasics” in its opening section, and the “basics”are tailored to “problem-oriented” policy sciences(noting for instance, that meta-analyses in public management andpolicy will almost always use random-effects overfixed-effects). The empirical examples woven throughout aswell as the actual analyses on PSM and school vouchers areexceptionally useful in identifying the stages of theprocess. At the same time, the book doesn’t spare thegritty details of confronting commonly required procedures, likebootstrapping and dealing with clustered robust SE, hierarchicalmodeling, etc. For readers with no exposure to meta-analysis, thetext eases the transition by offering a refresher on howstatistical techniques are used in original research, then how theydiffer when used in meta-analysis. Ringquist offers guidelines for syntheses, formulating problems,data evaluation, turning studies into data, techniques inmeta-analysis, “the language of meta-analysis”,coding strategies and publication bias. The author also notes thatthe context and even techniques of meta-analysis are different forpublic management and public policy compared with medicine andpsychology, and education. Public administration and policyanalysis provide great opportunities for meta-analysis, butthese fields also present considerable challenge. Great careis needed in synthesizing differently designed studies, which areobservational and quasi-experimental or correlational designs,because the statistics of meta-analysis were originally developedto synthesize results from experiment design. Measurement issuesare tricky because authentic scales are used less frequently thanin psychology or medical research. In addition PA and policyas fields of scholarship are diverse and eclectic in researchdesign which makes comparison of parameter estimates exceedinglydifficult. Ringquist adroitly compiles an approach to meta-analysis adapted to reflect thiscontext. While Section 1 consists of seven chapters, which discussestechniques of meta-analysis, Section 2 including Chapters 8, 9, 10and 11 illustrates actual studies using meta-analysis conducted inpublic management and policy research: evaluating the effectivenessof educational vouchers, performance management in public sector,the effects of federal poverty deconcentration efforts on economicself-sufficiency and problematic behaviors, and the relationshipbetween public service motivation and performance. The book is an easier read than other texts in it guides fromproject inception through lit review and analysis in a mannertailored to policy and management, and it actually provides a muchmore accessible and thorough coverage of many of the basic buildingblocks, random effects, r-based effect sizes, and bootstrapping,making it far more indispensable for any PA meta-analysis. The check-lists for coding articles are especially useful.Provision of Stata commands and practical data managementsuggestions (creating a command file for data set transformations,for instance) is a great advantage for this text. Adding anaddendum with R programming options, in the next edition might behelpful too. The conclusion both compelling and concise but Iwould like to have seen some of the arguments presented here at thebeginning of the book, reserving the conclusion for a fullerencapsulation of what the overall strategy of the book accomplishesin stages – rebutting criticisms that meta-analysis in socialscience is a waste of time because study estimates arenon-comparable and effect sizes non-independent with carefulexamination of research design and models. This book is essential reading for any scholar in publicadministration and policy considering undertakingmeta-analysis. I expect it will gain many readers in othersocial science disciplines as well. For serious users ofmeta-analysis Ringquist’s book will not be the only one onthe shelf, but it is a valuable addition.” —Richard Feiock Augustus B. Turnbull Professor Askew School of PublicAdministration and Policy Florida State University

Sociological Abstracts


Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sociology
Page: N.A
View: 5535
DOWNLOAD NOW »
CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.