Research Methods for Environmental Studies

A Social Science Approach
Author: Mark Kanazawa
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317191331
Category: Reference
Page: 380
View: 5408
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The methodological needs of environmental studies are unique in the breadth of research questions that can be posed, calling for a textbook that covers a broad swath of approaches to conducting research with potentially many different kinds of evidence.?? Written specifically for social science-based research into the environment, this book covers the best-practice research methods most commonly used to study the environment and its connections to societal and economic activities and objectives. Over five key parts, Kanazawa introduces quantitative and qualitative approaches, mixed methods, and the special requirements of interdisciplinary research, emphasizing that methodological practice should be tailored to the specific needs of the project. Within these parts, detailed coverage is provided on key topics including the identification of a research project; spatial analysis; ethnography approaches; interview technique; and ethical issues in environmental research.? Drawing on a variety of extended examples to encourage problem-based learning and fully addressing the challenges associated with interdisciplinary investigation, this book will be an essential resource for students embarking on courses exploring research methods in environmental studies.

Environmental Social Sciences

Methods and Research Design
Author: Ismael Vaccaro,Eric Alden Smith,Shankar Aswani
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139491725
Category: Medical
Page: N.A
View: 2536
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The relationship between human communities and the environment is extremely complex. In order to resolve the issues involved with this relationship, interdisciplinary research combining natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities is necessary. In this 2010 book, specialists summarise methods and research strategies for various aspects of social research devoted to environmental issues. Each chapter is illustrated with ethnographic and environmental examples, ranging from Australia to Amazonia, from Madagascar to the United States, and from prehistoric and historic cases to contemporary rural and urban ones. It deals with climate change, deforestation, environmental knowledge, natural reserves, politics and ownership of natural resources, and the effect of differing spatial and temporal scales. Contributing to the intellectual project of interdisciplinary environmental social science, this book shows the possibilities social science can provide to environmental studies and to larger global problems and thus will be of equal interest to social and natural scientists and policy makers.

An Introduction to Scientific Research Methods in Geography and Environmental Studies


Author: Daniel Montello,Paul Sutton
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446291219
Category: Reference
Page: 328
View: 3769
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"Covers a broad range of subjects that undergraduates in the discipline should be familiar and comfortable with upon graduation. From chapters on the scientific method and fundamental research concepts, to experimental design, sampling and statistical analysis, the text offers an excellent introduction to the key concepts of geographical research. The content is applicable for students at the beginning of their studies right through to planning and conducting dissertations. The book has also been of particular support in designing my level 1 and 2 tutorials which cover similar ground to several of the chapters." - Joseph Mallalieu, School of Geography, Leeds University "Montello and Sutton is one of the best texts I've used in seminars on research methodology. The text offers a clear balance of quantitative vs. qualitative and physical vs. human which I've found particularly valuable. The chapters on research ethics, scientific communication, information technologies and data visualization are excellent." - Kenneth E. Foote, Department of Geography, University of Colorado at Boulder This is a broad and integrative introduction to the conduct and interpretation of scientific research, covering both geography and environmental studies. Written for undergraduate and postgraduate students, it: Explains both the conceptual and the technical aspects of research, as well as all phases of the research process Combines approaches in physical geography and environmental science, human geography and human-environment relations, and geographic and environmental information techniques (such as GIS, cartography, and remote sensing) Combines natural and social scientific approaches common to subjects in geography and environmental studies Includes case studies of actual research projects to demonstrate the breadth of approaches taken It will be core reading for students studying scientific research methods in geography, environmental studies and related disciplines such as planning and earth science.

Visual Research Methods in the Social Sciences

Awakening Visions
Author: Stephen Spencer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134014465
Category: Reference
Page: 296
View: 7256
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Visual Research Methods is a guide for students, researchers and teachers in the social sciences who wish to explore and actively use a visual dimension in their research. This book offers an integrated approach to doing visual research, showing the potential for building convincing case studies using a mix of visual forms including: archive images, media, maps, objects, buildings, and video interviews. Examples of the visual construction of ‘place’, social identity and trends of analysis are given in the first section of the book, whilst the essays in the second section highlight the astonishing creativity and innovation of four visual researchers. Each detailed example serves as a touchstone of quality and analysis in research, with themes ranging from the ethnography of a Venezuelan cult goddess to the forensic photography of the skeleton of a fourteenth-century nobleman. They give a keen sense of the motives, philosophies and benefits of using visual research methods. This volume will be of practical interest to those embarking on visual research as well as more experienced researchers. Key concerns include the power of images and their changing significance in a world of cross – mediation, techniques of analysis and ethical issues, and how to unlock the potential of visual data for research.

Methods of Sustainability Research in the Social Sciences


Author: Frances Fahy,Henrike Rau
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446290964
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 3361
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Sustainability is a key concept used by social scientists interested in interactions between human society and the environment. This text offers a systematic and critical review of established and emerging methodological approaches, as well as tools for the integrated investigation of sustainability questions. Recognising the significance of scale for sustainability efforts and measurement, its scope ranges from the local to the global. Divided into five sections: Part I: examines the key challenges inherent to social scientific sustainability research, focusing in particular on methodological questions that arise from recent efforts towards greater disciplinary integration. Part II: discusses methodologies aimed at the investigation of attitudes and behaviour observable at the local level - from families and households to individual organisations within communities. Part III: focuses on comparative sustainability research across different levels of socio-political organisation - from cities and regions to nation-states. Part IV: covers recent developments which recognise the significance of time for sustainability research and which offer innovative methodological approaches that focus on life events and long-term outcome. Part V: offers a critical assessment of current and future trends in social-scientific sustainability researc. Bringing together contributions from international social scientists, this is the resource for academics and practitioners interested in sustainability research. It will be a core teaching text for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in sustainability and sustainable development, geography, environmental sociology and the environmental sciences.

Participatory Action Research Approaches and Methods

Connecting People, Participation and Place
Author: Sara Kindon,Rachel Pain,Mike Kesby
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134135556
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 8999
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Participatory Action Research (PAR) approaches and methods have seen an explosion of recent interest in the social and environmental sciences. PAR involves collaborative research, education and action which is oriented towards social change, representing a major epistemological challenge to mainstream research traditions. It has recently been the subject of heated critique and debate and rapid theoretical and methodological development. This book captures these developments, exploring the justification, theorisation, practice and implications of PAR. It offers a critical introduction to understanding and working with PAR in different social, spatial and institutional contexts. The authors engage with PAR’s radical potential, while maintaining a critical awareness of its challenges and dangers. The book is divided into three parts. The first part explores the intellectual, ethical and pragmatic contexts of PAR; the development and diversity of approaches to PAR; recent poststructuralist perspectives on PAR as a form of power; the ethic of participation; and issues of safety and well-being. Part two is a critical exploration of the politics, places and practices of PAR. Contributors draw on diverse research experiences with differently situated groups and issues including environmentally sustainable practices, family livelihoods, sexual health, gendered experiences of employment, and specific communities such as people with disabilities, migrant groups, and young people. The principles, dilemmas and strategies associated with participatory approaches and methods including diagramming, cartographies, art, theatre, photovoice, video and geographical information systems are also discussed. Part three reflects on how effective PAR is, including the analysis of its products and processes, participatory learning, representation and dissemination, institutional benefits and challenges, and working between research, action, activism and change. The authors find that a spatial perspective and an attention to scale offer helpful means of negotiating the potentials and paradoxes of PAR. This approach responds to critiques of PAR by highlighting how the spatial politics of practising participation can be mobilised to create more effective and just research processes and outcomes. The book adds significant weight to the recent critical reappraisal of PAR, suggesting why, when, where and how we might take forward PAR’s commitment to enabling collaborative social transformation. It will be particularly useful to researchers and students of Human Geography, Development Studies and Sociology.

Interviewing in Social Science Research

A Relational Approach
Author: Lee Ann Fujii
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135015384
Category: Political Science
Page: 114
View: 1532
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What is interviewing and when is this method useful? What does it mean to select rather than sample interviewees? Once the researcher has found people to interview, how does she build a working relationship with her interviewees? What should the dynamics of talking and listening in interviews be? How do researchers begin to analyze the narrative data generated through interviews? Lee Ann Fujii explores the answers to these inquiries in Interviewing in Social Science Research, the latest entry in the Routledge Series on Interpretive Methods. This short, highly readable book explores an interpretive approach to interviewing for purposes of social science research. Using an interpretive methodology, the book examines interviewing as a relational enterprise. As a relational undertaking, interviewing is more akin to a two-way dialogue than a one-way interrogation. Fujii examines the methodological foundations for a relational approach to interviewing, while at the same time covering many of the practical nuts and bolts of relational interviewing. Examples come from the author’s experiences conducting interviews in Bosnia, Rwanda, and the United States, and from relevant literatures across a variety of social scientific disciplines. Appendices to the book contain specific tips and suggestions for relational interviewing in addition to interview excerpts that give readers a sense of how relational interviews unfold. This book will be of great value to graduate students and researchers from across the social sciences who are considering or planning to use interviews in their research, and can be easily used by academics for teaching courses or workshops in social science methods.

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Spatially Integrated Social Science


Author: Robert Stimson
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 0857932977
Category: Social Science
Page: 688
View: 1591
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The chapters in this book provide coverage of the theoretical underpinnings and methodologies that typify research using a Spatially Integrated Social Science (SISS) approach. This insightful Handbook is intended chiefly as a primer for students and bu

Research Methods in Geography

A Critical Introduction
Author: Basil Gomez,John Paul Jones, III
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444327739
Category: Science
Page: 480
View: 4473
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This comprehensive textbook offers a conceptual and practical introduction to research methodology, data collection, and techniques used in both human and physical geography. Explores a full range of contemporary geographic techniques, including statistics, mathematical analysis, GIS, and remote sensing Unique in both content and organization, it brings together a team of internationally recognized specialists to create a balanced approach between physical geography, human geography, and research techniques Includes a series of foundational chapters offering multiple perspectives on the central questions in research methods Examines the conceptual frameworks and practical issues behind data acquisition and analysis, and how to interpret results Includes explanations of key terminology and exercises throughout

Research Methods for Education


Author: Gregory J. Privitera,Lynn Ahlgrim-Delzell
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 150630334X
Category: Education
Page: 800
View: 6496
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From award-winning author Gregory J. Privitera and Lynn Ahlgrim-Delzell, Research Methods for Education covers the range of different quantitative and qualitative research methods specific to their use in educational research. This new text uses a problem-focused approach in a way that fully integrates the decision tree—from choosing a research design to selecting an appropriate statistic for analysis. With a conversational, student-friendly writing style, and examples from a wide variety of education-related fields, the authors show how methods and statistics work together and enable the testing of hypotheses through use of the scientific method. Students will become informed consumers of research with the ability to understand a research article and judge its quality and apply the methods in action research to inform educational practice.

Action Research in Policy Analysis

Critical and Relational Approaches to Sustainability Transitions
Author: Koen P.R. Bartels,Julia M. Wittmayer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351372637
Category: Political Science
Page: 266
View: 4332
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Today’s pressing political, social, economic, and environmental crises urgently ask for effective policy responses and fundamental transitions towards sustainability supported by a sound knowledge base and developed in collaboration between all stakeholders. This book explores how action research forms a valuable methodology for producing such collaborative knowledge and action. It outlines the recent uptake of action research in policy analysis and transition research and develops a distinct and novel approach that is both critical and relational. By sharing action research experiences in a variety of settings, the book seeks to explicate ambitions, challenges, and practices involved with fostering policy changes and sustainability transitions. As such it provides crucial guidance and encouragement for future action research in policy analysis and transition research. This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of policy analysis and transition research and more broadly to public administration and policy, urban and regional studies, political science, research and innovation, sustainability science, and science and technology studies. It will also speak to practitioners, policymakers and philanthropic funders aiming to engage in or fund action research.

Big Data and Social Science

A Practical Guide to Methods and Tools
Author: Ian Foster,Rayid Ghani,Ron S. Jarmin,Frauke Kreuter,Julia Lane
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498751431
Category: Mathematics
Page: 376
View: 511
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Both Traditional Students and Working Professionals Acquire the Skills to Analyze Social Problems. Big Data and Social Science: A Practical Guide to Methods and Tools shows how to apply data science to real-world problems in both research and the practice. The book provides practical guidance on combining methods and tools from computer science, statistics, and social science. This concrete approach is illustrated throughout using an important national problem, the quantitative study of innovation. The text draws on the expertise of prominent leaders in statistics, the social sciences, data science, and computer science to teach students how to use modern social science research principles as well as the best analytical and computational tools. It uses a real-world challenge to introduce how these tools are used to identify and capture appropriate data, apply data science models and tools to that data, and recognize and respond to data errors and limitations. For more information, including sample chapters and news, please visit the author's website.

Research Methods for Environmental Psychology


Author: Robert Gifford
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118795385
Category: Psychology
Page: 440
View: 3064
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Introduction: environmental psychology and its methods / Robert Gifford -- Observational methods : the first step in science / Reuven Sussman -- Behavioral mapping and tracking / Cheuk Fan Ng -- Research designs for environmental issues / Wokje Abrahamse, P. Wesley Schultz and Linda Steg -- Agree to disagree : a practical guide to conducting survey research in environmental psychology / Donald W. Hine, Christine Kormos, and Anthony D. G. Marks -- Who cares? : measuring environmental attitudes / Amanda McIntyre and Taciano L. Milfont -- Qualitative approaches to environment-behavior research : understanding environmental and place experiences, meanings, and actions / David Seamon and Harneet K. Gill -- Revealing the conceptual systems of places / David Canter -- Behavioral methods for spatial cognition research / Daniel R. Montello -- Microworlds: using computers to understand peoples' choices about the use of natural resources / Angel Chen and Paul A. Bell -- Simulating designed environments / Arthur E Stamps III -- Planning the built environment : programming / Jay Farbstein, Richard E. Wener and Lindsay J. McCunn -- Did that plan work? : post-occupancy evaluation / Richard E. Wener, Lindsay J. McCunn and Jennifer Senick -- Action research: enhancing application / Valeria Cort's and Robert Sommer -- Research designs for measuring the effectiveness of interventions / Wokje Abrahamse -- Applying behavioral science for environmental sustainability / E. Scott Geller, Wokje Abrahamse, Branda Guan and Reuven Sussman -- Improving human functioning : ecotherapy and environmental health approaches / Thomas Doherty and Angel Chen -- Research and design for special populations / John Zeisel, Robert Gifford, Mark Martin, and Lindsay J. McCunn -- Advanced statistics for environment-behavior research : multilevel modeling and structural equation modeling / Donald W. Hine, Victor Corral-Verdugo, Navjot Bhullar and Martha Frias-Armenta -- Meta-analysis : an analysis of analyses / Christine Kormos

Social Research Methods in Dementia Studies

Inclusion and Innovation
Author: John Keady,Lars-Christer Hydén,Ann Johnson,Caroline Swarbrick
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315517477
Category: Social Science
Page: 230
View: 5265
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Traditionally, the most preferred social research methods in dementia studies have been interviews, focus groups and non-participant observations. Most of these methods have been used for a long time by researchers in other social research fields, but their application to the field of dementia studies is a relatively new phenomenon. A ground-breaking book, Social Research Methods in Dementia Studies shows researchers how to adapt their methods of data collection to address the individual needs of someone who is living with dementia. With an editorial team that includes Ann Johnson, a trained nurse and person living with dementia, this enlightening volume mainly draws its contents from two interdisciplinary social research teams in dementia, namely the Center for Dementia Research [CEDER] at Linköping University in Norrköping, Sweden and the Dementia and Ageing Research Team [DART] at The University of Manchester in Manchester, UK. Case examples are shared in each of the main chapters to help ground the social research method(s) in a real-life context and provide direction as to how learning can be applied to other settings. Chapters also contain key references and recommended reading. This volume will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as postdoctoral researchers, interested in fields such as: Research Methods, Qualitative Methods and Dementia Studies.

The SAGE Handbook of Social Media Research Methods


Author: Luke Sloan,Anabel Quan-Haase
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473987210
Category: Social Science
Page: 728
View: 6120
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The SAGE Handbook of Social Media Research Methods offers a step-by-step guide to overcoming the challenges inherent in research projects that deal with 'big and broad data', from the formulation of research questions through to the interpretation of findings. The handbook includes chapters on specific social media platforms such as Twitter, Sina Weibo and Instagram, as well as a series of critical chapters. The holistic approach is organised into the following sections: Conceptualising & Designing Social Media Research Collection & Storage Qualitative Approaches to Social Media Data Quantitative Approaches to Social Media Data Diverse Approaches to Social Media Data Analytical Tools Social Media Platforms This handbook is the single most comprehensive resource for any scholar or graduate student embarking on a social media project.

Research Methods in the Social Sciences


Author: Chava Frankfort-Nachmias,David Nachmias
Publisher: Macmillan Higher Education
ISBN: 1464187800
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
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With its clear presentation and integration of detailed real-world examples, the acclaimed Research Methods in the Social Sciences accessibly illustrates the relevance of social sciences research without sacrificing key content. The eighth edition includes engaging new studies and examples that explore the use of Twitter feeds in social sciences research, the effect of climate change on human conflict, the use of rational intuition in explaining the Chelyabinsk meteor explosion, and much more. The eighth edition also includes new and expanded coverage of conducting qualitative research, as well as conducting research in our digital age, including the use of the Internet and various computer software packages for retrieving, cleaning, coding, and analyzing "big data."

Research Methods in Human Rights


Author: Lee McConnell,Rhona Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131737374X
Category: Law
Page: 170
View: 4046
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Research Methods in Human Rights introduces the reader to key methodological approaches to Human Rights research in a clear and accessible way. Drawing on the expertise of a panel of contributors, the text clearly explains the key theories and methods commonly used in Human Rights research and provides guidance on when each approach is appropriate. It addresses such approaches to Human Rights research as qualitative methods, quantitative analysis, critical ethnography and comparative approaches, supported by a wide range of geographic case studies and with reference to a wide range of subject areas. The book suggests further reading and directs the reader to excellent examples from research outputs of each method in practice. This book is essential reading for students with backgrounds in law as well as political and social sciences who wish to understand more about the methods and ethics of conducting Human Rights research.

Phenological Research

Methods for Environmental and Climate Change Analysis
Author: Irene L. Hudson,Marie R. Keatley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048133352
Category: Science
Page: 521
View: 5774
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As climate change continues to dominate the international environmental agenda, phenology – the study of the timing of recurring biological events – has received increasing research attention, leading to an emerging consensus that phenology can be viewed as an ‘early warning system’ for climate change impact. A multidisciplinary science involving many branches of ecology, geography and remote sensing, phenology to date has lacked a coherent methodological text. This new synthesis, including contributions from many of the world’s leading phenologists, therefore fills a critical gap in the current biological literature. Providing critiques of current methods, as well as detailing novel and emerging methodologies, the book, with its extensive suite of references, provides readers with an understanding of both the theoretical basis and the potential applications required to adopt and adapt new analytical and design methods. An invaluable source book for researchers and students in ecology and climate change science, the book also provides a useful reference for practitioners in a range of sectors, including human health, fisheries, forestry, agriculture and natural resource management.

Introduction to Research Methods

A Hands-On Approach
Author: Bora Pajo
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 148338697X
Category: Social Science
Page: 392
View: 9734
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Introduction to Research Methods: A Hands-On Approach makes learning research methods easy for students by giving them activities they can experience and do on their own. With clear, simple, and even humorous prose, this text offers students a straightforward introduction to an exciting new world of social science and behavioral research. Rather than making research seem intimidating, author Bora Pajo shows students how research can be an easy, ongoing conversation on topics that matter in their lives. Each chapter includes real research examples that illustrate specific topics that the chapter covers, guides that help students explore actual research challenges in more depth, and ethical considerations relating to specific chapter topics. 3 Reasons Why You’ll Want to Read This Book 1. Conducting research can be fun when you see it in terms that relate to your everyday life. 2. Knowing how to do research will open many doors for you in your career. It will open your mind to new ideas on what you might pursue in the future (e.g., becoming an entrepreneur, opening your own nongovernmental organization, or running your own health clinic), and give you an extra analytic skill to brag about in your job interviews. 3. Understanding research will make you an educated consumer. You will be able to evaluate the information before you and determine what to accept and what to reject. Truth be told, understanding research will save you money in the short and long term*. *From Chapter 1 of Introduction to Research Methods: A Hands-On Approach

Transdisciplinary Sustainability Studies

A Heuristic Approach
Author: Katri Huutoniemi,Petri Tapio
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113500742X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 232
View: 1943
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Arising out of human-environment interaction, sustainability problems resist disciplinary categories and simple solutions. This book offers a fresh approach to practical and methodological concerns in transdisciplinary environmental and sustainability studies. It illustrates methodological means by which researchers, professionals, and decision-makers can address complex environmental issues. While scientific reasoning is mostly guided by disciplinary traditions, transdisciplinary research rests on other cognitive strategies. As it does not have a ready-made stance toward problems, figuring out what the puzzle is and what the answer might look like are crucial aspects of transdisciplinary inquiry. Through examples from environment and sustainability studies, the volume discusses heuristic schemes that can give structure to this exploration. By focusing on heuristics, rather than on methods, concepts, or general guidelines, the book argues that a problem-centered approach often resists the rigor of methodology. Learning from experience provides valuable “rules of thumb”, checklists, and other cognitive schemes for making ill-defined problems more tangible. Written by an international team of authors, the chapters draw examples from dealing with issues in environmental protection, transport and climate policy, ecosystem services and disservices, environmental beliefs and attitudes, and more. Together with more theoretically oriented chapters, they show that the intellectual processes needed to tackle complex sustainability problems are as much about heuristic problem solving as they are about methodical work.