Rethinking Civilizational Analysis


Author: Said Amir Arjomand,Edward A Tiryakian
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781412901833
Category: Social Science
Page: 260
View: 1597
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Although the concept of 'civilization' has deep roots in the social sciences, there is an urgent need to re-think it for contemporary times. Rethinking Civilizational Analysis points to an exhaustion in using 'the nation state' and 'world system' as the basic macro-units of social analysis because they do not get to grips with the 'soft power' variable of cultural factors involved in global aspects of development.

Rethinking Civilization

Resolving Conflict in the Human Family
Author: Majid Tehranian
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136036547
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 3594
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Rethinking Civilization offers an alternative view of human civilization in a globalizing age. Majid Tehranian analyses the transition from nomadic, to agrarian, commercial, industrial, and digital civilizations and argues that the growing gaps among the five major civilizations have led to terror operating as a form of global communication. This new book explores the uneven pace of development of human societies, particularly in the last two centuries, and argues that this is leading to a global civil war. Taking a long-term historical perspective, and developing a model that explains how empires, resistance, and civilizations have evolved alongside major technological breakthroughs in history, Tehranian offers a multi-cultural and multi-disciplinary analysis of the phenomenon. Seeking to counter the current rhetorical trends, Tehranian reconceptualizes "civilization" to make it a useful analytical rather than ideological category. defines the varieties of terrorism, including structural, nuclear, state, opposition, messianic, and anomic. addresses the contemporary problems of global governance and the evolution of international relations. traces the evolution of global communication from orality to literacy, print, electronic, and digital modes. forecasts the emerging problems of encounters among the five civilizations. This unique and original volume will be of great interest to students and researchers of globalization, international relations, peace studies and sociology.

Anthropology and Civilizational Analysis

Eurasian Explorations
Author: Johann P. Arnason,Chris Hann
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 143846939X
Category: History
Page: 414
View: 1022
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Brings social and cultural anthropologists into dialogue with historical sociology and illustrates the continued potential of the concept of civilization for all participants. The concept of civilization has a long but checkered history in anthropology, and anthropological materials have been of great importance for the development of civilizational analysis in historical sociology. Anthropology and Civilizational Analysis brings these diverse fields together and explores a wide range of topics pertaining to civilization, from classical theories to contemporary rhetorical discourses, including detailed case studies of concrete practices documented through archival and ethnographic research. While many scholars and the wider public still think of civilization in simplistic terms, viewing it in terms of Enlightenment notions of progress and evolution to higher stages, others have pluralized the term only to create essentialized units which are only tenuously linked to historical processes. In this book contributors use dynamic approaches, including those rooted in the seminal writings of Émile Durkheim and Marcel Mauss, opening up the dimension of civilization as an important complement to other key terms such as society and culture in social science and historical analysis.

Rethinking Secularism


Author: Craig Calhoun,Mark Juergensmeyer,Jonathan VanAntwerpen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199911304
Category: Social Science
Page: 328
View: 1457
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This collection of essays presents groundbreaking work from an interdisciplinary group of leading theorists and scholars representing the fields of history, philosophy, political science, sociology, and anthropology. The volume will introduce readers to some of the most compelling new conceptual and theoretical understandings of secularism and the secular, while also examining socio-political trends involving the relationship between the religious and the secular from a variety of locations across the globe. In recent decades, the public has become increasingly aware of the important role religious commitments play in the cultural, social, and political dynamics of domestic and world affairs. This so called ''resurgence'' of religion in the public sphere has elicited a wide array of responses, including vehement opposition to the very idea that religious reasons should ever have a right to expression in public political debate. The current global landscape forces scholars to reconsider not only once predominant understandings of secularization, but also the definition and implications of secular assumptions and secularist positions. The notion that there is no singular secularism, but rather a range of multiple secularisms, is one of many emerging efforts to reconceptualize the meanings of religion and the secular. Rethinking Secularism surveys these efforts and helps to reframe discussions of religion in the social sciences by drawing attention to the central issue of how ''the secular'' is constituted and understood. It provides valuable insight into how new understandings of secularism and religion shape analytic perspectives in the social sciences, politics, and international affairs.

Theater State and the Formation of Early Modern Public Sphere in Iran

Studies on Safavid Muharram Rituals, 1590-1641 CE
Author: Babak Rahimi
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004207562
Category: History
Page: 404
View: 8133
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This first systematic study of a wide range of Persian and European archival and primary sources, analyzes how the Muharram rituals changed from being an orginally devotional practice to public events of political significance, setting the stage for the emergence of the early modern Iranian public sphere in the Safavid period.

Kulturen der Moderne

Soziologische Perspektiven der Gegenwart
Author: Thorsten Bonacker,Andreas Reckwitz
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593403536
Category: Fiction
Page: 324
View: 7241
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Die Frage, was die Moderne sei, ist für die Soziologie von klassischer Bedeutung. Großereignisse wie der Zusammenbruch des Sozialismus oder Phänomene der Globalisierung und Transnationalisierung stellen die Gültigkeit von Modernisierungstheorien, die von einem linearen Prozess der Rationalisierung und Verwestlichung ausgingen, infrage. In diesem Band wird Moderne kulturtheoretisch betrachtet: als komplexe historische wie globale Konstellation unterschiedlicher, teils widersprüchlicher Sinnsysteme und Praktiken. Mit Beiträgen unter anderem von Johannes Angermüller, Ulrich Bröckling, Shmuel N. Eisenstadt, Bernhard Giesen, Karin Knorr-Cetina,Matthias König, Scott Lash, Michael Makropoulos, Shalini Randeria, Hartmut Rosa, Urs Stäheli und Peter Wagner.

Civilizations in World Politics

Plural and Pluralist Perspectives
Author: Peter J. Katzenstein
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135278059
Category: Political Science
Page: 248
View: 6712
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A highly original and readily accessible examination of the cultural dimension of international politics, this book provides a sophisticated and nuanced account of the relevance of cultural categories for the analysis of world politics. The book’s analytical focus is on plural and pluralist civilizations. Civilizations exist in the plural within one civilization of modernity; and they are internally pluralist rather than unitary. The existence of plural and pluralist civilizations is reflected in transcivilizational engagements, intercivilizational encounters and, only occasionally, in civilizational clashes. Drawing on the work of Eisenstadt, Collins and Elias, Katzenstein’s introduction provides a cogent and detailed alternative to Huntington’s. This perspective is then developed and explored through six outstanding case studies written by leading experts in their fields. Combining contemporary and historical perspectives while addressing the civilizational politics of America, Europe, China, Japan, India and Islam, the book draws these discussions together in Patrick Jackson’s theoretically informed, thematic conclusion. Featuring an exceptional line-up and representing a diversity of theoretical views within one integrative perspective, this work will be of interest to all scholars and students of international relations, sociology and political science.

The Benefit of Broad Horizons

Intellectual and Institutional Preconditions for a Global Social Science
Author: Hans Joas,Barbro Klein
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004192840
Category: History
Page: 434
View: 8893
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More than perhaps anybody else in the world, the Swedish social scientist Björn Wittrock has contributed - both on the intellectual and institutional level - to making a truly global science possible. This book is devoted to an appreciation of his contributions.

Social Theory and Regional Studies in the Global Age


Author: Saïd Amir Arjomand
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438451598
Category: Political Science
Page: 496
View: 619
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A pioneering approach to social theory that rectifies overreliance on Western historical experience of development and modernization. In this pioneering volume, leading international scholars argue for the development of a new approach to social theory that draws on regional studies for the conduct of comparative analysis in the global age. Social Theory and Regional Studies in the Global Age moves beyond facile generalizations based on the historical experience of modernization in the West by highlighting differences rather than similarities and contrasts rather than commonalities, and by examining civilizational processes and culturally specific developmental patterns distinctive of different world regions. Essays combine comparative and historical sociology with civilizational analysis and the study of multiple and alternative modernities. Different patterns of modernization are compared within the framework of global/local compressed communication and interaction that results from globalization. The introductory chapter puts the present effort in the context of the seminal work of three generations of comparative sociologists, and what follows is a penetrating analysis of modernization and globality, opening the way for rectifying the erasure of the historical experience of a very sizeable portion of humankind from the foundation of social theory.

The Arab Revolution of 2011: A Comparative Perspective

A Comparative Perspective
Author: Saïd Amir Arjomand
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438454902
Category: Social Science
Page: 294
View: 6577
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Comparative analysis of the 2011 Arab Spring uprisings. How do we make sense of the Arab revolution of 2011? What were its successes, its failures, and significance in world history? The Arab Revolution of 2011 brings together a broad range of perspectives to explain the causes, processes, and consequences of the revolution of 2011 and its critical implications for the future. The contributors, in this major addition to the sociology of revolutions, step back from the earlier euphoria of the Arab Spring to provide a sober analysis of what is still an ongoing process of upheaval in the Middle East. The essays address the role of national armies and foreign military intervention, the character and structure of old regimes as determinants of peaceful or violent political transformation, the constitutional placement of Islam in post-revolutionary regimes, and the possibilities of supplanting authoritarianism with democracy. The revolution of 2011 is also examined within a broad historical perspective, comparing the dynamics of revolution and counterrevolution in countries such as Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya with such epochal events as the European revolution of 1848 and Russia in 1917.

Contemporary Iran

Economy, Society, Politics
Author: Ali Gheissari
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199702855
Category: Political Science
Page: 400
View: 4053
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Iran is a key player in some of the most crucial issues of our time. But because of its relative diplomatic isolation and the partisan nature of conflicting accounts voiced by different interest groups both inside and outside the country, there is a shortage of hard information about the scale and depth of social change in today's Iran. In this volume, and imposing roster of both internationally renowned Iranian scholars and rising young Iranian academics offer contributions--many based on recent fieldwork--on the nature and evolution of Iran's economy, significant aspects of Iran's changing society, and the dynamics of its domestic and international politics since the 1979 revolution, focusing particularly on the post-Khomeini period. The book will be of great interest not only to Iran specialists, but also to scholars of comparative politics, democratization, social change, politics in the Muslim world, and Middle Eastern studies.

South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy

The Strategic Role of Platinum Group Metals
Author: Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA)
Publisher: Real African Publishers
ISBN: 1920655700
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 4572
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South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy is the publication of a MISTRA research project on the use of strategic minerals in the global putative hydrogen economy. The book highlights the global significance of platinum group metals (PGM) and explores the strategic opportunities that arise out of South Africa's endowment of these strategic resources. From their extraction to their applications in fuel cells, what options are available for the country, the region and the world to better leverage this endowment towards supporting growth and development objectives? In view of their expanding range of applications, do PGM need the hydrogen economy? Conversely, does the hydrogen economy need PGM? Addressed to all industry stakeholders, including those in the public and private sectors, the options explored in this book are based on a thorough analysis of the global dynamics that should inform policy and business models related to PGM.

Die Mühlen der Zivilisation

Eine Tiefengeschichte der frühesten Staaten
Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518761528
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 2369
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Uns modernen Menschen erscheint die Sesshaftigkeit so natürlich wie dem Fisch das Wasser. Wie selbstverständlich gehen wir und auch weite Teile der historischen Forschung davon aus, dass die neolithische Revolution, in deren Verlauf der Mensch seine nomadische Existenz aufgab und zum Ackerbauer und Viehzüchter wurde, ein bedeutender zivilisatorischer Fortschritt war, dessen Früchte wir noch heute genießen. James C. Scott erzählt in seinem provokanten Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte. Gestützt auf archäologische Befunde, entwickelt er die These, dass die ersten bäuerlichen Staaten aus der Kontrolle über die Reproduktion entstanden und ein hartes Regime der Domestizierung errichteten, nicht nur mit Blick auf Pflanzen und Tiere. Auch die Bürger samt ihrer Sklaven und Frauen wurden der Herrschaft dieser frühesten Staaten unterworfen. Sie brachte Strapazen, Epidemien, Ungleichheiten und Kriege mit sich. Einzig die »Barbaren« haben sich gegen die Mühlen der Zivilisation gestemmt, sich der Sesshaftigkeit und den neuen Besteuerungssystemen verweigert und damit der Unterordnung unter eine staatliche Macht. Sie sind die heimlichen Helden dieses Buches, das unseren Blick auf die Menschheitsgeschichte verändert.

Aktuelle Theorien der Soziologie

von Shmuel N. Eisenstadt bis zur Postmoderne
Author: Dirk Käsler
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406528224
Category: Postmodernism
Page: 358
View: 3325
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Критика политической философии: Избранные эссе


Author: Борис Капустин
Publisher: Litres
ISBN: 5457065057
Category: Philosophy
Page: 598
View: 5391
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В книге собраны статьи по актуальным вопросам политической теории, которые находятся в центре дискуссий отечественных и зарубежных философов и обществоведов. Автор книги предпринимает попытку переосмысления таких категорий политической философии, как гражданское общество, цивилизация, политическое насилие, революция, национализм. В историко-философских статьях сборника исследуются генезис и пути развития основных идейных течений современности, прежде всего – либерализма. Особое место занимает цикл эссе, посвященных теоретическим проблемам морали и моральному измерению политической жизни.Книга имеет полемический характер и предназначена всем, кто стремится понять политику как нечто более возвышенное и трагическое, чем пиар, политтехнологии и, по выражению Гарольда Лассвелла, определение того, «кто получит что, когда и как».

Der Ursprung Der Nationen


Author: Walter Bagehot
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3863828763
Category:
Page: 268
View: 5562
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Nachdruck des Originals von 1883. Walter Bagehot (1826-1877) war ein bedeutender britischer Okonom und einer breiteren Offentlichkeit als erster Herausgeber und Chefredakteur des "Economist" bekannt, Durch seine Schriften trug er insbesondere zum besseren Verstandnis von Parlamentarismus und Zentralbanksystem bei. In dem hier vorliegenden Buch versucht Bagehot aus den Uberlieferungen der Kulturvolker sich ein Bild von deren Entstehung zu verschaffen.

Die zerrissene Welt des Sozialen

sozialphilosophische Aufsätze
Author: Axel Honneth
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518284490
Category: Critical theory
Page: 203
View: 1558
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Rethinking Religion and World Affairs


Author: Timothy Samuel Shah,Alfred Stepan,Monica Duffy Toft
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199827974
Category: Political Science
Page: 319
View: 1044
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Drawing on the work of leading scholars as well as policy makers and analysts, this volume offers the most comprehensive and accessible exploration to date of the major puzzles, issues, and questions surrounding the complex and increasingly visible role of religion in world affairs.