Rethinking Juvenile Justice


Author: Elizabeth S Scott,Laurence D Steinberg
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674043367
Category: Law
Page: 378
View: 8962

What should we do with teenagers who commit crimes? In this book, two leading scholars in law and adolescent development argue that juvenile justice should be grounded in the best available psychological science, which shows that adolescence is a distinctive state of cognitive and emotional development. Although adolescents are not children, they are also not fully responsible adults.

Rethinking Juvenile Justice


Author: Elizabeth S Scott,Laurence D Steinberg
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674030862
Category: Law
Page: 370
View: 4733

What should we do with teenagers who commit crimes? In this book, two leading scholars in law and adolescent development argue that juvenile justice should be grounded in the best available psychological science, which shows that adolescence is a distinctive state of cognitive and emotional development. Although adolescents are not children, they are also not fully responsible adults.

Rethinking Juvenile Justice


Author: Elizabeth S. Scott,Laurence D. Steinberg
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780674057463
Category: Law
Page: 370
View: 8112

What should we do with teenagers who commit crimes? In this book, two leading scholars in law and adolescent development argue that juvenile justice should be grounded in the best available psychological science, which shows that adolescence is a distinctive state of cognitive and emotional development. Although adolescents are not children, they are also not fully responsible adults.

A Return to Justice

Rethinking our Approach to Juveniles in the System
Author: Ashley Nellis
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442227672
Category: Law
Page: 156
View: 7405

The juvenile justice system has changed dramatically since its inception in this country. From a system that sought to protect and rehabilitate, to one that sought to punish and incarcerate, it is now refocusing on treatment and redirection. Here, Nellis delivers a history of the system and calls for more reforms to reflect current realities.

Boys Among Men

Trying and Sentencing Juveniles as Adults
Author: David L. Myers
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275982546
Category: Law
Page: 193
View: 7825

Sheds new light on the popular but controversial move to charge, try, and sentence juvenile offenders as adults.

Justice for Kids

Keeping Kids Out of the Juvenile Justice System
Author: Nancy E. Dowd
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479832952
Category: Law
Page: 323
View: 9560

Children and youth become involved with the juvenile justice system at a significant rate. While some children move just as quickly out of the system and go on to live productive lives as adults, other children become enmeshed in the system, developing deeper problems and at times introduced into the adult criminal justice system. Justice for Kids is a volume edited by leading academics and activists that focuses on ways to intervene at the earliest possible point to rehabilitate and redirect—to keep kids out of the system—rather than to punish and drive kids deeper. Nancy Dowd is Director of the Center for Children and Families at the University of Florida Fredric G. Levin College of Law and holds the David H. Levin Chair in Family Law. She is the author of several books, most recently The Man Question: Male Subordination and Privilege (NYU Press).

Youth on Trial

A Developmental Perspective on Juvenile Justice
Author: Thomas Grisso,Robert G. Schwartz
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780226309132
Category: Law
Page: 472
View: 2136

In Youth on Trial, a wide range of leaders in developmental psychology and law combine their expertise to investigate the limitations of our youth policy—including the problematic trend of trying alleged juvenile criminals as adults.

Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice


Author: Franklin E. Zimring,David S. Tanenhaus
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479841560
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 7197

This is a hopeful but complicated era for those with ambitions to reform the juvenile courts and youth-serving public institutions in the United States. As advocates plea for major reforms, many fear the public backlash in making dramatic changes. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice provides a look at the recent trends in juvenile justice as well as suggestions for reforms and policy changes in the future. Should youth be treated as adults when they break the law? How can youth be deterred from crime? What factors should be considered in how youth are punished?What role should the police have in schools? This essential volume, edited by two of the leading scholars on juvenile justice, and with contributors who are among the key experts on each issue, the volume focuses on the most pressing issues of the day: the impact of neuroscience on our understanding of brain development and subsequent sentencing, the relationship of schools and the police, the issue of the school-to-prison pipeline, the impact of immigration, the privacy of juvenile records, and the need for national policies—including registration requirements--for juvenile sex offenders. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice is not only a timely collection, based on the most current research, but also a forward-thinking volume that anticipates the needs for substantive and future changes in juvenile justice.

Rethinking Corrections

Rehabilitation, Reentry, and Reintegration
Author: Lior Gideon,Hung-En Sung
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412970180
Category: Social Science
Page: 427
View: 2200

This text explores the challenges that convicted offenders face over the course of the rehabilitation, reentry, and reintegration process. Using an integrated, theoretical approach, each chapter is devoted to a corrections topic and incorporates original evidence-based concepts, research, and policy from experts in the field, and examines how correctional practices are being managed. Students are exposed to examples of both the successful attempts and the failures to reintegrate prisoners into the community, and they will be encouraged to consider how they can help influence future policy decisions as practitioners in the field.

Children, Social Science, and the Law


Author: Bette L. Bottoms,Margaret Bull Kovera,Bradley D. McAuliff
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521664066
Category: Law
Page: 495
View: 2011

This book provides cutting-edge information available on topics such as child abuse, children's eyewitness testimony, divorce and custody, juvenile crime, and children's rights.

Last Chance In Texas

The Redemption of Criminal Youth
Author: John Hubner
Publisher: Random House Incorporated
ISBN: 0375759980
Category: Social Science
Page: 277
View: 2691

Looking at how we treat violent young offenders, a powerful study goes inside Texas's Giddings State School to detail their remarkably effective treatment program for young offenders, following a boy and girl through the harrowing group sessions in which they relive their crimes and the abuse they suffered and assesses the influence of the unconventional therapy on their recovery. Reprint. 12,500 first printing.

Developing Restorative Justice Jurisprudence

Rethinking Responses to Criminal Wrongdoing
Author: Assoc Prof Tony Foley
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409465357
Category: Law
Page: 262
View: 4075

What are the requirements for a just response to criminal wrongdoing? Drawing on comparative and empirical analysis of existing models of global practice, this book offers an approach aimed at restricting the current limitations of criminal justice process and addressing the current deficiencies. Putting restoration squarely alongside other aims of justice responses, the author argues that only when restorative questions are taken into account can institutional responses be truly said to be just. Using the three primary jurisdictions of Australia, New Zealand and Canada, the book presents the leading examples of restorative justice practices incorporated in mainstream criminal justice systems from around the world. In conclusion, the work provides a fresh insight into how today’s criminal law might develop in order to bring restoration directly into the mix for tomorrow. This book will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduate researchers and lecturers, as well as lawyers who work in the field of criminal law, criminologists, social scientists and philosophers interested in ideas of wrongdoing and criminal justice responses to criminal offending.

Reforming Juvenile Justice

A Developmental Approach
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309278937
Category: Law
Page: 462
View: 5552

Adolescence is a distinct, yet transient, period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by increased experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term consequences, and heightened sensitivity to peers and other social influences. A key function of adolescence is developing an integrated sense of self, including individualization, separation from parents, and personal identity. Experimentation and novelty-seeking behavior, such as alcohol and drug use, unsafe sex, and reckless driving, are thought to serve a number of adaptive functions despite their risks. Research indicates that for most youth, the period of risky experimentation does not extend beyond adolescence, ceasing as identity becomes settled with maturity. Much adolescent involvement in criminal activity is part of the normal developmental process of identity formation and most adolescents will mature out of these tendencies. Evidence of significant changes in brain structure and function during adolescence strongly suggests that these cognitive tendencies characteristic of adolescents are associated with biological immaturity of the brain and with an imbalance among developing brain systems. This imbalance model implies dual systems: one involved in cognitive and behavioral control and one involved in socio-emotional processes. Accordingly adolescents lack mature capacity for self-regulations because the brain system that influences pleasure-seeking and emotional reactivity develops more rapidly than the brain system that supports self-control. This knowledge of adolescent development has underscored important differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the late decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a study of juvenile justice reform. The goal of Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach was to review recent advances in behavioral and neuroscience research and draw out the implications of this knowledge for juvenile justice reform, to assess the new generation of reform activities occurring in the United States, and to assess the performance of OJJDP in carrying out its statutory mission as well as its potential role in supporting scientifically based reform efforts.

The School-to-Prison Pipeline

Structuring Legal Reform
Author: Catherine Y. Kim,Daniel J. Losen,Damon T. Hewitt
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814763685
Category: Law
Page: 229
View: 3371

Examines the relationship between the law and the school-to-prison pipeline, argues that law can be an effective weapon in the struggle to reduce the number of children caught, and discusses the consequences on families and communities.

Rethinking Incarceration: Advocating for Justice That Restores


Author: Dominique DuBois Gilliard
Publisher: InterVarsity Press
ISBN: 0830887733
Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE
Page: N.A
View: 4195

The United States has more people locked up in jails, prisons, and detention centers than any other country in the history of the world. Exploring the history and foundations of mass incarceration, Dominique Gilliard examines Christianity's role in its evolution and expansion, assessing justice in light of Scripture, and showing how Christians can pursue justice that restores and reconciles.

The Juvenile Justice System in India

From Welfare to Rights
Author: Ved Kumari
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198065777
Category: Law
Page: 406
View: 7058

The book explores socio-legal and human rights dimensions of Juvenile Justice System (JJS) in India. Addressing the issue from a wide range of perspectives--sociological, demographic, legislative, judicial, and interventionist--The Juvenile Justice System in India attempts a macro level examination of these issues in a multidimensional perspective. The study identifies the nature, scope, and structure of JJS, and analyzes and identifies the stumbling blocks in its development in India. The author draws together various strands of complex and diverse issues where substantive and procedural lacunae relating to JJS is debated and measures suggested. The Juvenile Justice System in India provides a comparative analysis of provisions of earlier enactment for evolving a comprehensive and integrated Juvenile Justice System in view of the vision and concerns of the lawmakers as also the pattern of implementation under the earlier legislation.

Race and Ethnicity in the Juvenile Justice System


Author: Tina L. Freiburger,Kareem L. Jordan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781611635348
Category: Discrimination in juvenile justice administration
Page: N.A
View: 2207

Race and Ethnicity in the Juvenile Justice System provides a comprehensive empirical examination of the role of race and ethnicity in the juvenile court. Using empirical research as a foundation, the authors examine how race and ethnicity influence multiple decision points for youth entering the juvenile system including arrest, referral, petition, pre-adjudication release, adjudication, and disposition. The authors ground the decision-making in a separate chapter that exclusively focuses on theories that can be used to explain the role of race and ethnicity in juvenile justice processing. Additionally, there is an examination of how community factors differentially impact decision-making based on the race/ethnicity of youth, the role of race/ethnicity in the practice of transferring youth to adult court, and how race influences juveniles' perceptions of police and the juvenile system. Also, the authors empirically examine the role of race/ethnicity on the processing of status offenders and how it influences female involvement in delinquency. In framing all of these salient issues in the proper context, the authors provide a historical analysis on the role of race in development of the juvenile court system and how different races were treated both before and after the juvenile court's implementation. The underlying theme of the text is that all races/ethnicities of youth were not initially served by or meant to benefit from the juvenile court. Therefore, the continuing racial and ethnic disparities currently observed in the system can be traced to the pre-juvenile court era.

Reforming Juvenile Detention

No More Hidden Closets
Author: Ira M. Schwartz
Publisher: Ohio State University Press
ISBN: 0814206352
Category: Juvenile corrections
Page: 191
View: 3794

Juvenile detention facilities confine more youths than do any other type of institution in the United States. Essentially jails for juveniles who have been arrested and are awaiting trial, these centers tend to be overcrowded, inadequately staffed, and expensive to operate. Juvenile justice officials and state and local policymakers throughout the country are desperately trying to determine the proper use of these facilities and, more important, how to bring detention systems under control. The eleven essays in this collection assess today's juvenile detention system, bringing to light problems and inefficiencies and suggesting strategies for improving conditions and eliminating these problems. The authors of these essays pull together data on national trends in detention policies and practices and examine specific cases to paint a grim picture of a system badly in need of reform. They also provide practical summaries of reform targets and strategies, and case studies of successful reform attempts, thus offering clear and much needed guidance toward possible solutions to the nation's juvenile detention crisis.

Juvenile Justice

A Guide to Theory, Policy, and Practice
Author: Steven M. Cox,Jennifer M. Allen,Robert D. Hanser,John J. Conrad
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483321959
Category: Law
Page: 472
View: 3131

Brief, focused, and up-to-date, this must-have text by Stephen Cox, Jennifer Allen, and Robert Hanser takes students on a journey through the juvenile justice system by covering topics such as the history of the juvenile justice system, crime measurements, theories of crime causation, the juvenile justice process, community-based sanctions, treatment and rehabilitation, gangs, and international youth crime. Featuring new examples and new illustrations, Juvenile Justice: A Guide to Theory, Policy, and Practice, Eighth Edition helps readers develop a comprehensive understanding of the interrelationships among theory, policy, and the practical world of juvenile justice today.