Rethinking the Third World

International Development and World Politics
Author: Mark T. Berger,Heloise Weber
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 1137441127
Category: Political Science
Page: 200
View: 6015
A systematic reassessment, by two leading figures in the field, of the paradigm of international development in both theory and practice.

Internationale Organisationen

Author: Volker Rittberger,Bernhard Zangl,Andreas Kruck
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 353119514X
Category: Social Science
Page: 279
View: 2868
Internationale Organisationen mit globaler oder regionaler Reichweite (z.B. UN, IWF, Weltbank, WTO, EU) spielen eine zunehmend wichtige Rolle bei der Schaffung und Implementierung von internationalen Normen und Regeln, mithin bei Global Governance. Die Sicherheit, das ökonomische Wohlergehen, der Schutz der Menschenrechte und die ökologischen Lebensbedingungen von Menschen weltweit werden von der Fähigkeit bzw. Unfähigkeit internationaler Organisationen, Kooperation und Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates möglich zu machen und zu stabilisieren, beeinflusst. Das Lehrbuch will die Leserin bzw. den Leser daher theoretisch informiert und empirisch fundiert mit den Entstehungsbedingungen, der Entwicklung, Funktionsweise und den Tätigkeiten internationaler Organisationen vertraut machen. Es führt in die wichtigsten Theorien über internationale Organisationen ein und bietet einen historischen Überblick über internationale Organisationen in verschiedenen Politikfeldern. Das Lehrbuch analysiert ferner die Akteure, Strukturen und Prozesse, die die Entscheidungsfindung in internationalen Organisationen prägen. Schließlich werden die Tätigkeiten eines breiten Spektrums internationaler Organisationen und deren Beitrag zur kooperativen Bearbeitung grenzüberschreitender Probleme in den Sachbereichen „Sicherheit“, „Wirtschaft“, „Umwelt“ und „Menschenrechte“ untersucht.

After the Third World?

Author: Mark T. Berger
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317968298
Category: Political Science
Page: 280
View: 5375
The emergence of the 'Third World' is generally traced to onset of the Cold War and decolonization in the 1940s and 1950s. In the 1960s and 1970s the "three worlds of development" were central to the wider dynamics of the changing international order. By the 1980s, Third Worldism had peaked entering a period of dramatic decline that paralleled the end of the Cold War. Into the 21st century, the idea of a Third World and even the pursuit of some form of Third Worldism has continued to be advocated and debated. For some it has passed into history, and may never have had as much substance as it was credited with, while others seek to retain or recuperate the Third World and give Third Worldism contemporary relevance. Beginning with a comprehensive introduction this edited volume brings together a wide range of important contributions. Collectively they offer a powerful overview from a variety of angles of the history and contemporary significance of Third Worldism in international affairs. The question remains; did the Third World exist, what was it, does it still have intellectual and political purchase or do we live in a global era that can be described as After the Third World? This book was previously published as a special issue of Third world Quarterly.

Poor Economics

Plädoyer für ein neues Verständnis von Armut
Author: Abhijit Banerjee,Esther Duflo
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783442749751
Page: 384
View: 3371

Rethinking the Third World

Contributions Toward a New Conceptualization
Author: Rosemary Galli
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780844817118
Category: Political Science
Page: 198
View: 4750
First published in 1991. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

War, Peace and Progress in the 21st Century

Development, Violence and Insecurity
Author: Mark T. Berger,Heloise Weber
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317983416
Category: History
Page: 286
View: 4036
The history of development is one marked by insecurities, violence, and persistent conflict. It is not surprising, therefore, that development is now thought of as one of the central challenges of world politics. However, its complexities are often overlooked in scholarly analysis and among policy practitioners, who tend to adopt a technocratic approach to the crisis of development and violence. This book brings together a wide range of contributions aimed at investigating different aspects of the history of development and violence, and its implications for contemporary efforts to consolidate the development-security nexus. From environmental concerns, through vigilante citizenship, to the legacies of armed conflicts during and after decolonization, the different chapters reconstruct the contradictory history of development and critically engage contemporary responses and their implications for social and political analyses. In examining violence and insecurity in relation to core organising principles of world politics the contributors engage the problems associated with the nation state and the inter-state system and underlying assumptions of the promises of progress. The book offers a range of perspectives on the contradictions of development, and on how domination, violence and resistance have been conceived. At the same time it exemplifies the relevance of alternative methodological and conceptual approaches to contemporary challenges of development. This book was published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.

Herrschaft in den Internationalen Beziehungen

Author: Christopher Daase,Nicole Deitelhoff,Ben Kamis,Jannik Pfister,Philip Wallmeier
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658160969
Category: Political Science
Page: 243
View: 8367
Der Band entfaltet eine Herrschaftsperspektive auf die internationalen Beziehungen und diskutiert verschiedene Formen, die Herrschaft im internationalen System annehmen kann, das Verhältnis von Herrschaft und Widerstand und die Konsequenzen, die sich aus einer solchen Perspektive für die Disziplin Internationale Beziehungen ergeben.Das internationale System gilt als der Ort, an dem politische Macht besonders eindrücklich studiert werden kann. Aber haben wir es nur mit Macht und Machtkonkurrenzen zu tun oder sind die Machtasymmetrien nicht längst so sehr verfestigt und institutionalisiert, dass wir von Herrschaftsverhältnissen sprechen sollten?

Rethinking World Politics

A Theory of Transnational Neopluralism
Author: Philip G. Cerny
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199733694
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 336
View: 2096
This text is a major intervention into a central debate in international relations: how has globalization transformed world politics? In this scholarship, the state lies at the centre; it is what politics is all about.

Rethinking the Security-Development Nexus

Organised Crime in Post-Conflict States
Author: Sasha Jesperson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131551527X
Category: Political Science
Page: 210
View: 8228
This book critically examines the security-development nexus through an analysis of organised crime responses in post-conflict states. As the trend has evolved, the security-development nexus has received significant attention from policymakers as a new means to address security threats. Integrating the traditionally separate areas of security and development, the nexus has been promoted as a new strategy to achieve a comprehensive, people-centred approach. Despite the enthusiasm behind the security-development nexus, it has received significant criticism. This book investigates four tensions that influence the integration of security and development to understand why it has failed to live up to expectations. The book compares two case studies of internationally driven initiatives to address organised crime as part of post-conflict reconstruction in Sierra Leone and Bosnia. Examination of the tensions reveals that actors addressing organised crime have attempted to move away from a security approach, resulting in incipient integration between security and development, but barriers remain. Rather than discarding the nexus, this book explores its unfulfilled potential. This book will be of much interest to students of war and conflict studies, development studies, criminology, security studies and IR in general.

Peoples' Spaces and State Spaces

Land and Governance in Mozambique
Author: Rosemary Galli
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739106327
Category: Political Science
Page: 315
View: 3341
Based on the detailed examination of the history of four Mozambican rural communities and on the experience of nine years working in the country, Galli shows the capacity of the rural societies to govern the land they occupy, to control the basic aspects of their communal life and to transform their livelihoods in reponse to market opportunities across the last several hundred years and contrasts this with the attempts of those who grabbed the land, displaced its people, and then sought to remedy the consequences through centralized planning. Part Two of the book casts light upon post civil war efforts to bring governmental and rurla society into a more harmonious relationship and offers its own strategy for reanimating local life.

Rethinking the Vanguard

Aesthetic and Political Positions in the Modernist Debate, 1917-1962
Author: John W. Maerhofer
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Category: Art
Page: 215
View: 3898
How has political revolution figured into the development of avant-garde cultural production? Is the vanguard an antiquated concept or does its influence still resonate in the 21st century? Focusing closely on the convergence of aesthetics and politics that materialized in the early part of the twentieth century, this study offers a re-interpretation of the historical avant-garde from 1917 to 1962, a turbulent period in intellectual history which marked the apex, crisis, and decline of vanguardist authority. Moving from the impact of the Bolshevik Revolution to the anti-imperialist and decolonizing movements in the Third World, to the emergence of neo-vanguardism in the wake of postmodernity, this study opens the way for understanding the transformation of vanguardist cultural paradigms from a global perspective, the implications of which also reveal its relevance and application to the contemporary period.

Wachstumsperspektiven ausgewählter Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländer

Author: Sven Bolt
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 364096795X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 113
View: 2098
Diplomarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich VWL - Konjunktur und Wachstum, Note: 1,0, FOM Hochschule für Oekonomie und Management gemeinnützige GmbH, Hochschulstudienzentrum Hamburg, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Finanzkrise 2008/2009 führte zu einem dramatischen Einbruch der weltweiten wirtschaftlichen Aktivität. Während die Industrieländer derzeit erste Stabilisierungsanzeichen aufzeigen, jedoch zum Teil immer noch rezessive Tendenzen aufweisen, konnten zahlreiche Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländer bereits wieder ihren Wachstumskurs der vergangenen Jahre aufnehmen. Neben institutionellen und privaten Investoren richten zunehmend auch Wissenschaftler ihren Blick auf die rasante Entwicklung der Entwicklungsländer. Während die Einen auf wachsenden Wohlstand und wirtschaftliche Konvergenz spekulieren, fürchten derweil die Anderen eine Beschleunigung des Klimawandels durch steigenden Ressourcenverbrauch und Bevölkerungswachstum. Tatsächlich nahm die wirtschaftliche Bedeutung der Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländer im Laufe der vergangenen Jahre signifikant zu. Ihr Anteil am Welt-Bruttoinlandsprodukt stieg 2007 auf 25,9%. Doch bilden die Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländer keine homogene Gruppe. Die zunehmende weltwirtschaftliche Verflechtung und der globale Technologieaustausch wirken auf viele Teile der Welt ungleich. So gelang es zahlreichen Ländern ihren Lebensstandard deutlich zu erhöhen und an das Niveau der Industrieländer anzuknüpfen, wohingegen andere Länder noch immer nicht die Barrieren hin zu einem nachhaltigen Wachstum durchbrechen konnten.Innerhalb des Wachstumsprozesses und der Wachstumsdynamik verschiedener Länder existieren offenbar große Unterschiede, so dass die Erklärung des Wirtschaftswachstums die zentrale Herausforderung der Wachstums- und Entwicklungsökonomik darstellt. Das breite Spektrum entwicklungstheoretischer Meinungen und die hohe Komplexität des Entwicklungsprozesses erschweren dabei die Identifizierung der wachstumstreibenden Faktoren.Insofern besteht die Zielsetzung dieser Arbeit darin, die Determinanten des Wachstums mithilfe verschiedener Wachstumstheorien und ergänzender empirischer Erkenntnisse herauszuarbeiten, um im weiteren Verlauf allgemeingültige Indikatoren abzuleiten.Auf einer mehrdimensionalen Basis wird anschließend ein definiertes Länderuniversum hinsichtlich seines Entwicklungsstandes analysiert. Zu diesem Zweck erfahren die Indikatoren aufgrund der unterschiedlichen Bedeutsamkeit im Entwicklungsprozess einer Volkswirtschaft eine Gewichtung, bevor die Länder einem Bewertungsverfahren unterzogen werden. Jedoch finden Interdependenzen und Korrelationen der Indikatoren untereinander in der Bewertung keine Berücksichtigung...

Rethinking Power, Institutions and Ideas in World Politics

Whose IR?
Author: Amitav Acharya
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134635974
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 3664
The study of international relations, has traditionally been dominated by Western ideas and practices, and marginalized the voice and experiences of the non-Western states and societies. As the world moves to a "post-Western" era, it is imperative that the field of IR acquires a more global meaning and relevance. Drawing together the work of renowned scholar Amitav Acharya and framed by a new introduction and conclusion written for the volume, this book exposes the narrow meaning currently attached to some of the key concepts and ideas in IR, and calls for alternative and broader understandings of them. The need for recasting the discipline has motivated and undergirded Acharya's own scholarship since his entry into the field over three decades ago. This book reflects his own engagement, quarrels and compromise and concludes with suggestions for new pathways to a Global IR- a forward-looking and inclusive enterprise that is reflective of the multiple and global heritage of IR in an changing and interconnected world. It is essential reading for anyone who is concerned about the history, development and future of international relations and international relations theory.

Rethinking Globalization

Critical Issues and Policy Choices
Author: Kok Peng Khor,Martin Khor
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781842770559
Category: Political Science
Page: 144
View: 5408
What can Third World governments do in the face of the globalisation juggernaut? Khor sets out practical proposals for action both nationally and at the international level to shape globalisation to particular circumstances and priorities.

Rethinking Empowerment

Gender and Development in a Global/Local World
Author: Jane L. Parpart,Shirin M. Rai,Kathleen A. Staudt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134472110
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 7756
Rethinking Empowerment looks at the changing role of women in developing countries and calls for a new approach to empowerment. An approach that adopts a more nuanced, feminist interpretation of power and em(power)ment, recognises that local empowerment is always embedded in regional, national and global contexts, pays attention to institutional structures and politics and acknowledges that empowerment is both a process and an outcome. Moreover, the book warns that an obsession with measurement rather than process can undermine efforts to foster transformative and empowering outcomes. It concludes that power must be restored as the centrepiece of empowerment. Only then will the term and its advocates provide meaningful ammunition for dealing with the challenges of an increasingly unequal, and often sexist, global/local world.

Philosophische und politische Aufsätze

Author: Bertrand Russell
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783150079706
Category: Aufsatzsammlung - Analytische Philosophie
Page: 222
View: 574

The Foreign Policies of the Global South

Rethinking Conceptual Frameworks
Author: Jacqueline Anne Braveboy-Wagner
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781588261755
Category: Political Science
Page: 221
View: 3608
Seeking to refocus thinking about the behavior of the global south (third world) states in international affairs, this book explores contending explanations of global south foreign policy and strategy. The authors draw on both traditional approaches and newer conceptualizations in foreign policy analysis, contributing to the development of an integrated theoretical framework. Examples from Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Arab world enrich the analysis.

Die weltweite Ungleichheit

Der World Inequality Report 2018
Author: Facundo Alvaredo,Lucas Chancel,Thomas Piketty,Emmanuel Saez,Gabriel Zucman
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406723861
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 456
View: 5861
Mit seinem Weltbestseller «Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert» hat Thomas Piketty eine heftige Kontroverse über die wachsende Ungleichheit in den westlichen Gesellschaften und deren Ursachen ausgelöst. Nun folgt der «World Inequality Report» – der gründlichste und aktuellste Bericht zur Lage der weltweiten Ungleichheit. Ein junges Team von Ökonomen, zu dem auch Piketty gehört, legt darin Fakten und Analysen vor, die ganz klar zeigen: Fast überall auf der Welt nimmt die Ungleichheit dramatisch zu. 1980 verdienten in den USA die unteren 50 Prozent der Lohnskala 21 Prozent des gesamten nationalen Einkommens, während das oberste 1 Prozent 11 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens mit nach Hause nahm. Doch dieser gewaltige Spagat hat sich heute sogar noch umgekehrt: Während die untersten 50 Prozent nur noch 13 Prozent des Einkommens nach Hause bringen, sichert sich das oberste 1 Prozent mehr als 20 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens. Diesen Trend zunehmender ökonomischer Ungleichheit gibt es nicht nur in den USA, sondern nahezu überall auf der Welt. Er wirkt wie eine bedrohliche kapitalistische Urgewalt, gegen die sich im Zeitalter von Globalisierung und Beschleunigung nichts ausrichten lässt. Der «World Inequality Report» zeigt, dass dies nicht stimmt. Wir können und müssen etwas gegen diesen Trend unternehmen – und eine starke Demokratie mit klaren Spielregeln für die Marktwirtschaft kann dies bewirken.

Corruption in Asia

Rethinking the Governance Paradigm
Author: Timothy Lindsey,Howard W. Dick
Publisher: Federation Press
ISBN: 9781862874213
Category: Law
Page: 223
View: 2017
Multilateral and bilateral aid agencies now direct much of their East Asia activities to so-called 'governance' reform. Almost every major development project in the region must now be justified in these terms and will usually involve an element of legal institutional reform, anti-corruption initiatives or strengthening of civil society - and often a mix of all of these. Most are, in fact, major exercises in social engineering. Aid agencies and major multilateral players like the IMF, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, are attempting not just to improve governance systems and combat corruption but, implicitly, to restructure entire national political systems and administrative structures. 'Conditionality' puts real weight behind these projects. If successful, they could transform the face of East Asia. Defining 'governance' and understanding 'corruption' are therefore not minor issues of terminology. However, a great deal of optimism is required to believe that social engineering for good governance will succeed in either Indonesia or Vietnam within the foreseeable future. In Indonesia, there is neither the political will nor the mechanism to act, since the legal system is itself utterly corrupted. Better laws have been passed, but they fail in implementation. In Vietnam the problems are somewhat different, but the outcomes are similar. Corruption is widely recognised to be a major political, social and economic issue - even by the Party itself - but few cases are ever tried. The bureaucracy (including the legal system) and the party are so complicit that reform is impossible. These systemic problems point to the basic flaw in the good governance agenda and strategy. A politically powerful alliance of foreign and domestic interests is necessary. Foreign multilateral agencies, donors and NGOs are able to set the international policy agenda, but their domestic allies are politically weak. In the absence of rule of law, the basic institutions of these transitional societies remain largely as they were and there is, as yet, no viable alternative system in either Indonesia or Vietnam. The argument of this book is that more might be achieved sooner by much better understanding of political, legal, commercial and social dynamics in Indonesia and Vietnam, not as they are meant to be but as they are. Multilateral agencies, donors, NGOs, business firms and scholars on the one hand; and local politicians, bureaucrats, business people, lawyers, journalists, academics, and NGOs on the other hand have much usefully to discuss. Only out of that dialogue, a dialogue between the world as it is and the world of ideals, can steady progress be made. This book examines these problems initially in an abstract theoretical sense before testing the frameworks thus established through a series of case studies of Indonesia and Vietnam, two very different Asian states: one (Vietnam) still socialist but in difficult transition from command economy to a limited market structure; the other (Indonesia) embracing a market economy and an emerging democratic system; one with a Confucian legal and political tradition, the other not; one with a socialist, the other a civil law, legal system. The book is divided into three parts. The first, 'Frameworks', establishes some theoretical approaches to the problem of corruption and governance (including a East European example). The second part looks at case studies from Indonesia; and the third part looks specifically at Vietnam. Relevant legislation and judicial decisions can be found in the table of cases and a detailed glossary and list of abbreviations will assist readers unfamiliar with the countries under examination.ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTORSIbrahim Assegaf is the Executive Director of the Centre for Indonesian Law and Policy Studies (Pusat Studi Hukum dam Kebijakan Indonesia) and the Managing Director of the Indonesian law website, He is also a member of the Steering Committee for the Establishment of the Anti-Corruption Commission and for the UNDP's Partnership for Governance Reform. Paul Brietzke is a Professor at Valparaiso University Law School (USA) and from January 1999 to August 2000 was Legal Advisor at the then Ministry of Justice of Indonesia in Jakarta. Howard Dick is an Associate Professor in the Australian Centre for International Business, University of Melbourne, Australia. John Gillespie is Associate Professor in the Law School, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. Gary Goodpaster is Professor of Law Emeritus, University of California School of Law, Davis; and former Chief of Party, Partnership for Economic Growth, a joint economic policy development project of USAID and the Government of Indonesia. Leslie Holmes is a Professor of Political Science and Director of the Contemporary Europe Research Centre at the University of Melbourne, Australia. He is also the President of the International Council for Central and East European Studies. Kanishka Jayasuriya is Senior Research Fellow, South East Asia Research Centre, City University of Hong Kong Tim Lindsey is Director of the Asian Law Centre and an Associate Professor in the Law School, both at the University of Melbourne, Australia. Elizabeth Maitland is Associate Director of the Australian Centre for International Business, University of Melbourne. Pip Nicholson is Associate Director (Vietnam) of the Asian Law Centre and a Senior Fellow of the Law School, both at the University of Melbourne, Australia. Veronica Taylor is Professor of Law and Director of the Asian Law Center, University of Washington, Seattle.

Rethinking Middle East Politics

Author: Simon Bromley
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 9780292708167
Category: Middle East
Page: 203
View: 2877
Rethinking Middle East Politics considers a range of debates on the character of political and socioeconomic development in the Middle East, focusing on the linked processes of state formation and capitalist development. Simon Bromley seeks to reformulate the central questions involved in the study of state formation. He builds a comparative framework based on an examination of key developmental processes in Turkey, Egypt, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Iran and offers a range of substantive theses on the place of democracy and Islam in the region. His findings explain a very large part of what appears to be significant in the emergence of the modern Middle East. Rethinking Middle East Politics presents a new way of analyzing politics in the Middle East, offering a perspective that has major implications for rethinking Third World politics more generally and for the social and political theory of modernity.