The Unthinkable Revolution in Iran

Author: Charles Kurzman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674039834
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 8241
The shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, would remain on the throne for the foreseeable future: This was the firm conclusion of a top-secret CIA analysis issued in October 1978. One hundred days later the shah--despite his massive military, fearsome security police, and superpower support was overthrown by a popular and largely peaceful revolution. But the CIA was not alone in its myopia, as Charles Kurzman reveals in this penetrating work; Iranians themselves, except for a tiny minority, considered a revolution inconceivable until it actually occurred. Revisiting the circumstances surrounding the fall of the shah, Kurzman offers rare insight into the nature and evolution of the Iranian revolution and into the ultimate unpredictability of protest movements in general. As one Iranian recalls, "The future was up in the air." Through interviews and eyewitness accounts, declassified security documents and underground pamphlets, Kurzman documents the overwhelming sense of confusion that gripped pre-revolutionary Iran, and that characterizes major protest movements. His book provides a striking picture of the chaotic conditions under which Iranians acted, participating in protest only when they expected others to do so too, the process approaching critical mass in unforeseen and unforeseeable ways. Only when large numbers of Iranians began to "think the unthinkable," in the words of the U.S. ambassador, did revolutionary expectations become a self-fulfilling prophecy. A corrective to 20-20 hindsight, this book reveals shortcomings of analyses that make the Iranian revolution or any major protest movement seem inevitable in retrospect.

The Turban for the Crown

The Islamic Revolution in Iran
Author: Said Amir Arjomand
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195042581
Category: Mathematics
Page: 283
View: 9383
Describes the background and causes of the Iranian Revolution, identifies the factors to Khomeini's successful return, and examines the impact of the Revolution

Revolution in Iran

Author: Parviz Daneshvar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349140627
Category: Political Science
Page: 228
View: 7694
Revolutions are watershed events that attempt to transform the existing political order and replace it with a new but better one. Yet the hallmark of most revolutions has been violence, war and dictatorship. The Iranian Revolution of 1979 has been no exception. This book offers a critical analysis of the Iranian Revolution. It focuses on the upheavals that led to the fall of the Shah. It provides the reader with an appreciation for the interplay of forces in the making of the 1979 revolution and the emergence of the Islamic regime.

The State and Revolution in Iran (RLE Iran D)

Author: Hossein Bashiriyeh
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136820892
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
View: 4243
This book analyses the distant and proximate causes of the 1978 revolution in Iran as well as the dynamics of power which it set in motion. The volume explains the complex and far-reaching processes which produced the revolution, beginning in the late nineteenth century. In explaining the more proximate causes of the revolution, the book analyses the nature of the old regime and its internal contradictions; the emergence of some fundamental conflicts of interest between the state and the upper class; the economic crisis of 1975-8 which made possible a revolutionary mass immobilisation; and the emergence of a new religious interpretation of political authority and the unusual spread of the ideology of political Islam among a segment of the modern intelligentsia. The volume relates the diverse aspects of class, ideology and economic structure in order to provide an understanding of the political processes.

Women and revolution in Iran

Author: Guity Nashat
Publisher: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 301
View: 3167

Revolution in Iran

The Roots of Turmoil
Author: Mehran Kamrava
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315404524
Category: Social Science
Page: 186
View: 5295
Observers of Iran have often ascribed the main cause of the revolution to economic problems under the Shah’s regime. This book, first published in 1990, on the other hand focuses on the political and social factors which contributed of the Pahlavi dynasty. Mehran Kamrava looks at the revolution in detail as a political phenomenon, making use of extensive interviews with former revolutionary leaders, cabinet ministers and diplomats to show the central role of the political collapse of the regime in bringing about the revolution. He concentrates on the internal and the international developments leading to this collapse, and the social environment in which the revolution’s leaders emerged.

Roots of the Islamic Revolution in Iran

Author: Hamid Algar
Publisher: BookBaby
ISBN: 1483557073
Category: History
Page: 200
View: 2074
In the summer of 1979, at a time when the viability of the Islamic Republic of Iran was being widely questioned in the Western media and the historical background of the revolution that had led to its establishment was largely unknown, Hamid Algar delivered four lectures on the Islamic Revolution at the Muslim Institute in London. In clear and concise fashion, he examined the historical links between Iran and Shi'a Islam; the life an personality of Imam Khomeini, leader of the Islamic Revolution; the career and ideas of Ali Shari'ati, "religious intellectual;" and the course of the events that in little more than a year led to the overthrow of one of the most deeply entrenched dictatorships in the Muslim world. Now reissued in substantially revised form, the text of these lectures remains a useful introduction to the revolution, arguably the most important event in modern Muslim history. New translations made by the author from the writings of Imam Khomeini and Ali Shari'ati enhance the utility of the work.

The Iranian Revolution

Author: Heather Lehr Wagner
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438132360
Category: Electronic books
Page: 113
View: 8754
On January 16, 1979, the shah of Iran left the country he had ruled for more than 37 years. The streets of Tehran, Iran's capital, filled with celebration as the news spread that the hated monarchy had been overthrown. The revolution in Iran, led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, was sparked by many factors, including a widening gap between the different classes of Iranian society, an aggressive campaign of modernization, an ambitious program of land reform, and the brutality of the shah's oppressive regime. In The Iranian Revolution, read about how the revolution's role in propelling Iran from a monarchy to a theocracy dramatically altered life in Iran, and how its aftermath continues to shape the politics of the Middle East today.

Revolution in Iran

the politics of countermobilization
Author: Jerrold D. Green
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
Category: Political Science
Page: 199
View: 7576

The Revolution in Iran

Author: Akbar Husain
Publisher: Rourke Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780865920385
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 77
View: 9099
Discusses the origins, events, conclusion, and aftermath of the conflict in Iran after Ayatollah Khomeini returned from exile to lead the 1979 revolution.

The Politics of Oil and Revolution in Iran

Author: Shaul Bakhash
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815717768
Category: Political Science
Page: 37
View: 6367
This book discusses the influence of oil on the internal politics of Iran.

Social Origins of the Iranian Revolution

Author: Misagh Parsa
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813514123
Category: History
Page: 348
View: 2323

Revolution and Counter Revolution in Iran

Author: Phil Marshall
Publisher: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 128
View: 1756

Theology of Discontent

The Ideological Foundation of the Islamic Revolution in Iran
Author: Hamid Dabashi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351472356
Category: History
Page: 706
View: 6140
Scores of books and articles have been published, addressing one or another aspect of the Islamic Revolution in Iran. Missing from this body of scholarship, however, has been a comprehensive analysis of the intellectual and ideological cornerstones of one of the most dramatic revolutions in our time. In this remarkable volume, Hamid Dabashi brings together, in a sustained and engagingly written narrative, the leading revolutionaries who have shaped the ideological disposition of this cataclysmic event. Dabashi has spent over ten years studying the writings, in their original Persian and Arabic, of the most influential Iranian clerics and thinkers.Examining the revolutionary sentiments and ideas of such figures as Jalal Al-e Ahmad, Ali Sharicati, Morteza Motahhari, Sayyad Abolhasan Bani-Sadr, and finally the Ayatollah Khomeini, the work also analyzes the larger historical and theoretical implications of any construction of the Islamic Ideology. Carefully located in the social and intellectual context of the four decades preceding the 1979 revolution, Theology of Discontent is the definitive treatment of the ideological foundations of the Islamic Revolution, with particular attention to the larger, more enduring ramifications of this revolution for radical Islamic revivalism in the entire Muslim world.This volume will be of interest to Islamicists, Middle East historians and specialists, as well as scholars and students of liberation theologies, comparative religious revolutions, and mass collective behavior. Bruce Lawrence of Duke University calls this volume a superb and unprecedented study.... In brilliant figural strokes, he arrays EuroAmerican sociological theory as the crucial backdrop of a deeper understanding of contemporary Iranian history.

Cultural Revolution in Iran

Contemporary Popular Culture in the Islamic Republic
Author: Annabelle Sreberny,Massoumeh Torfeh
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1780760892
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 6713
The Islamic Republic of Iran has entered its fourth decade, and the values and legacy of the Revolution it was founded upon continue to have profound and contradictory consequences for Iranian life. Despite the repressive power of the current regime the immense creativity of popular cultural practices, that negotiate and resist a repressive system, is a potent and dynamic force. This book draws on the expertise and experience of Iranian and international academics and activists to address diverse areas of social and cultural innovation that are driving change and progress. While religious conservatism remains the creed of the establishment, this volume uncovers an underground world of new technology, media and entertainment that speaks to women seeking a greater public role and a restless younger generation that organises and engages with global trends online.

Die Islamische Revolution in Iran in der Politischen Bildung Band 1

Untersuchungen zum Paradigmenwandel in der Politischen Bildung und zum Diskurs in der Politikdidaktik
Author: Gerhard Voigt
Publisher: Sudwestdeutscher Verlag Fur Hochschulschriften AG
ISBN: 9783838137216
Page: 484
View: 3483
Gerhard Voigt legt ein kritisches Resume seiner vierzigjahrigen Tatigkeit als Politik- und Geographielehrer an der Bismarckschule Hannover vor, indem er sich mit den aus seiner Sicht verfehlten und sozial verhangnisvollen Tendenzen der heutigen Bildungs- und Schulpolitik auseinander setzt. In kontinuierlicher Anwendung auf ein aktuelles und problematisches Thema, der Islamischen Revolution in Iran, werden: Schulerzentrierte Unterrichtskonzeptionen, die die gesellschaftlichen Diskurse in Beziehung setzen zu den Voraussetzungen der Lerngruppe unter Berucksichtigung der spezifischen Kompetenzen der Lehrerinnen und Lehrer. Exemplarische Themenwahl und Unterrichtsstrukturierung, um am typischen Beispiel allgemeine Einsichten, Erkenntnisse und Kompetenzen zu entwickeln. Projektorientiertes Arbeiten, das in der Lerngruppe selbst entwickelt wird und Zieldimensionen des Lernens in Beziehung setzt zu geeigneten Lern- und Arbeitsmethoden, exemplarisch mit Hilfe gesellschaftlicher Schlusselprobleme" wie der Sozialen Ungleichheit, der Modernisierungsthematik und dem Thema der Menschen- und insbesondere Frauenrechte untersucht."

Land and Revolution in Iran, 1960–1980

Author: Eric J. Hooglund
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 1477300120
Category: History
Page: 204
View: 1613
Carried out by the government of the shah between 1962 and 1971, the Iranian land reform was one of the most ambitious such undertakings in modern Middle Eastern history. Yet, beneath apparent statistical success, the actual accomplishments of the program, in terms of positive benefits for the peasantry, were negligible. Later, the resulting widespread discontent of thousands of Iranian villagers would contribute to the shah's downfall. In the first major study of the effects of this widely publicized program, Eric Hooglund's analysis demonstrates that the primary motives behind the land reform were political. Attempting to supplant the near-absolute authority of the landlord class over the countryside, the central government hoped to extend its own authority throughout rural Iran. While the Pahlavi government accomplished this goal, its failure to implement effective structural reform proved to be a long-term liability. Hooglund, who conducted field research in rural Iran throughout the 1970s and who witnessed the unfolding of the revolution from a small village, provides a careful description of the development of the land reform and of its effects on the main groups involved: landlords, peasants, local officials, merchants, and brokers. He shows how the continuing poverty in the countryside forced the migration of thousands of peasants to the cities, resulting in serious shortages of agricultural workers and an oversupply of unskilled urban labor. When the shah's government was faced with mass opposition in the cities in 1978, not only did a disillusioned rural population fail to support the regime, but thousands of villagers participated in the protests that hastened the collapse of the monarchy.

State, Religion, and Revolution in Iran, 1796 to the Present

Author: B. Moazami
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137325860
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 8758
Two basic assumptions have shaped understanding of recent Iranian history. One is that Shi'ism is an integral part of Iran's religious and cultural landscape. The other is that the ulama (religious scholars) have always played a crucial role. This book challenges these assumptions and constructs a new synthesis of the history of state and religion in Iran from 1796 to the present while challenging existing theories of large-scale political transformation. Arguing that the 1979 revolution has not ended, Behrooz Moazami relates political and religious transformations in Iran to the larger instability of the Middle East region and concludes that turmoil will continue until a new regional configuration evolves.