Sayyid Qutb and the Origins of Radical Islamism


Author: John Calvert
Publisher: Hurst & Company Limited
ISBN: 0199326878
Category: History
Page: 392
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Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966) was an influential Egyptian ideologue credited with establishing the theoretical basis for radical Islamism in the post colonial Sunni Muslim world. Lacking a pure understanding of the leader's life and work, the popular media has conflated Qutb's moral purpose with the aims of bin Laden and al-Qaeda. He is often portrayed as a terrorist, Islamo-Fascist, and advocate of murder. This book rescues Qutb from misrepresentation, tracing the evolution of his thought within the context of his time. An expert on social protest and political resistance in the modern Middle East, as well as Egyptian nationalism, John Calvert recounts Qutb's life from the small village in which he was raised to his execution at the behest of Abd al-Nasser's regime. His study remains sensitive to the cultural, political, social, and economic circumstances that shaped Qutb's thought-major developments that composed one of the most eventful periods in Egyptian history. These years witnessed the full flush of Britain's tutelary regime, the advent of Egyptian nationalism, and the political hegemony of the Free Officers. Qutb rubbed shoulders with Taha Husayn, Naguib Mahfouz, and Abd al-Nasser himself, though his Islamism originally had little to do with religion. Only in response to his harrowing experience in prison did Qutb come to regard Islam and kufr (infidelity) as oppositional, antithetical, and therefore mutually exclusive. Calvert shows how Qutb repackaged and reformulated the Islamic heritage to pose a challenge to authority, including those who claimed (falsely, he believed) to be Muslim.

A Child From The Village


Author: Sayyid Quṭb,Dr. John Calvert,William E. Shepard
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815608059
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 150
View: 5752
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"This memoir tells of Qutb's childhood in the village of Musha in Upper Egypt. Qutb documents the era between 1912 and 1918, a time immensely influential in the creation of modern Egypt. He offers a clear picture of Egyptian village life in the early twentieth century, its customs and lore, educational system, religious festivals, relations with the central government, and the struggle to modernize and retain its identity." "A Child from the Village was written just prior to Qutb's conversion to the Islamist cause and reflects his concerns for social justice. Interest in Qutb's writing has increased in the West since Islamism has emerged as a power on the world scene."--BOOK JACKET.

Terror und Liberalismus


Author: Paul Berman
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783434505792
Category: Liberalism
Page: 265
View: 2628
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Heiliger Krieg Inc

Osama bin Ladens Terrornetz
Author: Peter L. Bergen
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783442761654
Category:
Page: 381
View: 1750
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Sayyid Qutb

The Life and Legacy of a Radical Islamic Intellectual
Author: James Toth
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199969604
Category: Religion
Page: 432
View: 4798
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Sayyid Qutb is widely considered the guiding intellectual of radical Islam, with a direct line connecting him to Osama bin Laden. But Qutb has too often been treated maliciously or reductively-"the Philosopher of Islamic Terror," as Paul Berman famously put it in the New York Times Magazine. James Toth offers an even-handed account of Sayyid Qutb and shows him to be a much more complex figure than the many one-dimensional portraits would have us believe. Qutb first gained notice as a novelist, literary critic, and poet but then turned to religious and political criticism aimed at the Egyptian government and Muslims he deemed insufficiently pious. After a two-year sojourn in the U.S., he returned to Egypt even more radicalized and joined the Muslim Brotherhood, eventually taking charge of its propaganda operation. When Brotherhood members were accused of assassinating Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, the group was outlawed and Qutb imprisoned. He was executed in 1966, becoming the first martyr to the Islamist cause. Using an analytical approach that investigates without passing judgment, Toth traces the life and thought of Qutb, giving attention not only to his well-known Signposts on the Road, but also to his less-studied works like Social Justice in Islam and his 30-volume Qur'anic commentary, In the Shade of the Qur'an. Toth's aim is to give Qutb's ideas a fair hearing, to measure their impact, and to treat him like other intellectuals who inspire revolutions, however unpopular they may be. In offering a more nuanced account of Qutb, one that moves beyond the cartoonish depictions of him as the evil genius lurking behind today's terrorists, Sayyid Qutb deepens our understanding of a central figure of radical Islam and, indeed, our understanding of radical Islam itself.

Taliban

Afghanistans Gotteskämpfer und der neue Krieg am Hindukusch
Author: Ahmed Rashid
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406606281
Category: Afghanistan
Page: 479
View: 5055
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Das Buch behandelt die Geschichte der Taliban-Regierung und die Gründe ihres Erfolgs, das Verhältnis der Taliban zum Islam und umgekehrt der Muslime zu den Taliban sowie die skrupellosen Politik der Grossmächte um Öl und Pipelines durch Afghanistan, dazu die Entwicklung seit 2001.

Hezbollah, Islamist Politics, and International Society


Author: Filippo Dionigi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137403020
Category: Political Science
Page: 279
View: 3694
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How do the norms of the liberal international order affect the activity of Islamist movements? This book analyzes and assesses the extent to which Islamist groups, which have traditionally attempted to shield their communities from “alien” moral conceptions, have been affected by the rules and principles that regulate international society. Through an analysis of Lebanon’s Hezbollah, Filippo Dionigi concludes that international norms are among the most significant factors changing Islamist politics. The result is a precarious but innovative equilibrium in which Islamists are forced to rethink idea of an allegedly “authentic” Islamic morality and the legitimacy of international norms.

The Essence of Islamist Extremism

Recognition through Violence, Freedom through Death
Author: Irm Haleem
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136674314
Category: Political Science
Page: 234
View: 1946
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This book provides a critical and a conceptual analysis of radical Islamist rhetoric drawn from temporally and contextually varied Islamist extremist groups, challenging the popular understanding of Islamist extremism as a product of a ‘clash-of-civilizations’. Arguing that the essence of Islamist extremism can only be accurately understood by drawing a distinction between the radical Islamist explanations and justifications of violence, the author posits that despite the radical Islamist contextualization of violence within Islamic religious tenets, there is nothing conceptually or distinctly Islamic about Islamist extremism. She engages in a critical analysis of the nature of reason in radical Islamist rhetoric, asserting that the radical Islamist explanations of violence are conceptually reasoned in terms of existential Hegelian struggles for recognition (as fundamentally struggles against oppression), and the radical Islamist justifications of violence are conceptually reasoned in terms of moral consequentialism. With a detailed analysis of Islamist extremist discourse spanning a wide range of contexts, this book has a broad relevance for scholars and students working in the field of Islamic studies, religious violence, philosophy and political theory.

Die Araber

eine Geschichte von Unterdrückung und Aufbruch
Author: Eugene L. Rogan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783549074251
Category: Arab countries
Page: 735
View: 8299
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Die arabische Revolution wird, wenn sie Erfolg hat, ein ähnlich epochales Ereignis sein wie die friedliche Revolution von 1989 in Osteuropa. Mehr als 200 Millionen Araber zwischen Persischem Golf und Atlantik sind dabei, das Joch jahrzehntelanger despotischer Regime abzuschütteln und Anschluss zu finden an die freiheitliche, moderne Welt des Westens. Eugene Rogan, einer der besten Kenner der arabischen Welt, bietet mit seiner großen Geschichte der Araber eine exzellente Grundlage zum Verständnis der aktuellen Ereignisse in Ägypten, Syrien, Tunesien oder Libyen. Rogans Darstellung beginnt mit der Eroberung der arabischen Welt durch das Osmanische Reich zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts und führt bis zum revolutionären Aufbruch unserer Tage. Es ist eine lange Geschichte der Unterdrückung und Ausbeutung, die Rogan eindringlich zu erzählen weiß. Aber auch die reiche Kultur dieser Länder und die vielen kaum bekannten Versuche der arabischen Völker in der Vergangenheit, sich gegen ihre Unterdrücker aufzulehnen und Freiheit und Wohlstand zu erlangen, werden anhand einer Fülle faszinierender Originalquellen anschaulich dargestellt.

Politischer Islam

Religion und Politik in der arabischen Welt
Author: Nazih N. M. Ayubi
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783451052798
Category: Arab countries
Page: 368
View: 7449
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Religion und Staat in Saudi-Arabien

die wahhabitischen Gelehrten 1902-1953
Author: Guido Walter Steinberg
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Church and state
Page: 689
View: 8352
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International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond


Author: Antony Best,Jussi Hanhimaki,Joseph A. Maiolo,Kirsten E. Schulze
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134070802
Category: History
Page: 640
View: 7174
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This major global history of the twentieth century is written by four prominent international historians for first-year undergraduate level and upward. Using their thematic and regional expertise, the authors cover events in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Africa and the Americas from the last century and beyond. Among the areas this book covers are: the decline of European hegemony over the international order the diffusion of power to the two superpowers the rise of newly independent states in Asia and Africa the course and consequences of the major global conflicts of the twentieth century. This second edition is thoroughly updated, and includes extended coverage of European integration, the rise of supra-governmental organizations, and the ‘global War on Terror'. A support website provides supplementary exercises, questions and tutor guidance.

Der Islam

eine Einführung
Author: Christine Schirrmacher
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783501052532
Category:
Page: 119
View: 5135
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From the Ruins of Empire

The Intellectuals Who Remade Asia
Author: Pankaj Mishra
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 1429945982
Category: History
Page: 368
View: 4784
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A surprising, gripping narrative depicting the thinkers whose ideas shaped contemporary China, India, and the Muslim world A little more than a century ago, as the Japanese navy annihilated the giant Russian one at the Battle of Tsushima, original thinkers across Asia, working independently, sought to frame a distinctly Asian intellectual tradition that would inform and inspire the continent's anticipated rise to dominance. Asian dominance did not come to pass, and those thinkers—Tagore, Gandhi, and later Nehru in India; Liang Qichao and Sun Yatsen in China; Jamal al-Din al-Afghani and Abdurreshi al Ibrahim in the ruins of the Ottoman Empire—are seen as outriders from the main anticolonial tradition. But Pankaj Mishra shows that it was otherwise in this stereotype-shattering book. His enthralling group portrait of like minds scattered across a vast continent makes clear that modern Asia's revolt against the West is not the one led by faith-fired terrorists and thwarted peasants but one with deep roots in the work of thinkers who devised a view of life that was neither modern nor antimodern, neither colonialist nor anticolonialist. In broad, deep, dramatic chapters, Mishra tells the stories of these figures, unpacks their philosophies, and reveals their shared goal of a greater Asia. Right now, when the emergence of a greater Asia seems possible as at no previous time in history, From the Ruins of Empire is as necessary as it is timely—a book essential to our understanding of the world and our place in it.

Der Tod wird euch finden

Al-Qaida und der Weg zum 11. September - Ein SPIEGEL-Buch
Author: Lawrence Wright
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 3641019087
Category: History
Page: 608
View: 8375
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In einer packenden Erzählung schildert der Journalist Lawrence Wright erstmals umfassend die Vorgeschichte des 11. September. Vier Männer stehen im Mittelpunkt: Osama Bin Laden und seine Nummer zwei, Aiman al-Sawahiri, der FBI-Mann John O’Neill und der saudische Geheimdienstchef Turki al-Faisal. Meisterhaft verknüpft Wright ihre Lebenswege zu einem Gesamtbild der Ereignisse, Wendepunkte, Versäumnisse und Fehleinschätzungen, die den Anschlägen vorangingen. »Wo ihr auch sein mögt, der Tod wird euch finden, und wäret ihr im hohen Turm.« Mit diesen dem Koran entlehnten Worten mahnte Osama Bin Laden seine Kämpfer, furchtlos dem Tod entgegenzusehen. Im Rückblick lassen sie sich auch als düstere Warnung an den Feind lesen, dessen Hochhaustürme in New York zum Angriffsziel wurden. Osama Bin Ladens Aufstieg zum bekanntesten Terroristen des 21. Jahrhunderts bildet einen der Erzählstränge in der bislang vollständigsten Rekonstruktion der Vorgeschichte des 11. September durch den Journalisten Lawrence Wright. Daneben verfolgt Wright, der jahrelang recherchierte und Hunderte von Interviews führte, den Werdegang des al-Qaida-Mitstreiters Aiman al-Sawahiri, des obersten Terroristenfahnders des FBI, John O’Neill, der ausgerechnet in den Trümmern des World Trade Centers starb, sowie des saudischen Königssohns Turki al-Faisal, der als Geheimdienstchef seines Landes zwischen beiden Welten wandelte. Zu einer fesselnden Erzählung verwoben, erhellen die Lebensgeschichten zugleich die Hintergründe des Anschlags: die wachsende Radikalisierung der Islamisten, die Zerrissenheit arabischer Staaten, die widersprüchliche Haltung des Westens. Eine unglaublich spannende und gewinnbringende Lektüre. • Ein tiefer Einblick in Denken und Handeln der al-Qaida-Führer und ihrer wichtigsten Kontrahenten • Eines der besten Bücher des Jahres 2006 in Großbritannien und Amerika, Pulitzer-Preis 2007

Israel: Is It Good for the Jews?


Author: Richard Cohen
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1416584277
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 7652
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A very personal journey through Jewish history (and Cohen’s own), and a passionate defense of Israel’s legitimacy. Richard Cohen’s book is part reportage, part memoir—an intimate journey through the history of Europe’s Jews, culminating in the establishment of Israel. A veteran, syndicated columnist for The Washington Post, Cohen began this journey as a skeptic, wondering in a national column whether the creation of a Jewish State was “a mistake.” As he recounts, he delved into his own and Jewish history and fell in love with the story of the Jews and Israel, a twice-promised land—in the Bible by God, and by the world to the remnants of Europe’s Jews. This promise, he writes, was made in atonement not just for the Holocaust, but for the callous indifference that preceded World War II and followed it—and that still threatens. Cohen’s account is full of stories—from the nineteenth century figures who imagined a Zionist country, including Theodore Herzl, who thought it might resemble Vienna with its cafes and music; to what happened in twentieth century Poland to his own relatives; and to stories of his American boyhood. Cohen describes his relationship with Israel as a sort of marriage: one does not always get along but one is faithful.

The Business of Martyrdom

A History of Suicide Bombing
Author: Jeffrey Lewis
Publisher: Naval Institute Press
ISBN: 1612510973
Category: Political Science
Page: 368
View: 9451
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"The only comprehensive history available of suicide bombing from its origins in Imperial Russia to the current day, The Business of Martyrdom examines the bombers, their societies, and the organizations that train and sponsor them. Writing for a broad audience, Lewis draws on the history and philosophy of technology in order to explain the evolution and diffusion of suicide bombing across time and from region to region. Lewis presents a model for suicide bombing that integrates individual psychology, organizational motivations, and social support. He argues that suicide bombing is a technology that has been invented and re-invented at different times in different areas, but always for the same purpose: resolving a mismatch in military capabilities between antagonists by utilizing the available cultural and human resources."--Book jacket.

Okzidentalismus

Der Westen in den Augen seiner Feinde
Author: Ian Buruma,Avishai Margalit
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446249702
Category: Political Science
Page: 160
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Buruma und Margalit definieren "Okzidentalismus" als den blinden Hass gegen die Errungenschaften liberaler Gesellschaften, für dessen Motive manch westliche Intellektuelle bis heute Sympathie empfinden. Die Vorurteile gegen den Westen, der unter der Diktatur des Geldes steht und scheinbar jegliche verbindliche Moral seiner Diesseitigkeit geopfert hat, reichen bis nach Europa. Ian Buruma und Avishai Margalit finden hier ähnliche Denkweisen wie in der islamischen Welt, bei konservativen Kulturkritikern ebenso wie bei der radikalen Linken. Ein provokatives Buch, in bester aufklärerischer Tradition.

Hitlers Mein Kampf

eine Interpretation
Author: Barbara Zehnpfennig
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783770535330
Category: Germany
Page: 348
View: 3254
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