Second Philosophy

A Naturalistic Method
Author: Penelope Maddy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199273669
Category: Mathematics
Page: 448
View: 9689
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Many philosophers these days consider themselves naturalists, but it's doubtful any two of them intend the same position by the term. In this book, Penelope Maddy describes and practises a particularly austere form of naturalism called 'Second Philosophy'. Without a definitive criterion for what counts as 'science' and what doesn't, Second Philosophy can't be specified directly - 'trust only the methods of science!' or some such thing - so Maddy proceeds instead by illustratingthe behaviours of an idealized inquirer she calls the 'Second Philosopher'. This Second Philosopher begins from perceptual common sense and progresses from there to systematic observation, active experimentation, theory formation and testing, working all the while to assess, correct and improve hermethods as she goes. Second Philosophy is then the result of the Second Philosopher's investigations.Maddy delineates the Second Philosopher's approach by tracing her reactions to various familiar skeptical and transcendental views (Descartes, Kant, Carnap, late Putnam, van Fraassen), comparing her methods to those of other self-described naturalists (especially Quine), and examining a prominent contemporary debate (between disquotationalists and correspondence theorists in the theory of truth) to extract a properly second-philosophical line of thought. She then undertakes to practise SecondPhilosophy in her reflections on the ground of logical truth, the methodology, ontology and epistemology of mathematics, and the general prospects for metaphysics naturalized.

Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism


Author: Joel Smith,Peter Sullivan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199608555
Category: Philosophy
Page: 212
View: 2673
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Kant's introduction of a distinctive form of philosophical investigation and proof, known as transcendental, inaugurated a new philosophical tradition. In this volume eight original essays assess the present state and contemporary relevance of this tradition and its relation to the naturalistic tendency in recent philosophy.

Philosophers Past and Present

Selected Essays
Author: Barry Stroud
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199608598
Category: Philosophy
Page: 338
View: 8635
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This volume of uncollected essays by Barry Stroud explores central ideas in the work of individual philosophers from Descartes, Berkeley, and Locke to Quine, Burge, McDowell, Goldman, Fogelin, and Sosa. Stroud confronts a series of philosophical issues, and examines the sources, implications, and legacy of Hume's 'naturalism' and 'scepticism'.

Experimental Philosophy, Rationalism, and Naturalism

Rethinking Philosophical Method
Author: Eugen Fischer,John Collins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317500261
Category: Philosophy
Page: 310
View: 906
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Experimental philosophy is one of the most exciting and controversial philosophical movements today. This book explores how it is reshaping thought about philosophical method. Experimental philosophy imports experimental methods and findings from psychology into philosophy. These fresh resources can be used to develop and defend both armchair methods and naturalist approaches, on an empirical basis. This outstanding collection brings together leading proponents of this new meta-philosophical naturalism, from within and beyond experimental philosophy. They explore how the empirical study of philosophically relevant intuition and cognition transforms traditional philosophical approaches and facilitates fresh ones. Part One examines important uses of traditional "armchair" methods which are not threatened by experimental work and develops empirically informed accounts of such methods that can potentially stand up to experimental scrutiny. Part Two analyses different uses and rationales of experimental methods in several areas of philosophy and addresses the key methodological challenges to experimental philosophy: Do its experiments target the intuitions that matter in philosophy? And how can they support conclusions about the rights and wrongs of philosophical views? Essential reading for students of experimental philosophy and metaphilosophy, Experimental Philosophy, Rationalism, and Naturalism will also interest students and researchers in related areas such as epistemology and the philosophies of language, perception, mind and action, science and psychology.

Philosophy of Mathematics: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide


Author: Oxford University Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199808939
Category: Philosophy
Page: 26
View: 2372
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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study Philosophy. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibligraphies.com.

An Introduction to Philosophical Methods


Author: Christopher Daly
Publisher: Broadview Press
ISBN: 1460401174
Category: Philosophy
Page: 258
View: 9693
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An Introduction to Philosophical Methods is the first book to survey the various methods that philosophers use to support their views. Rigorous yet accessible, the book introduces and illustrates the methodological considerations that are involved in current philosophical debates. Where there is controversy, the book presents the case for each side, but highlights where the key difficulties with them lie. While eminently student-friendly, the book makes an important contribution to the debate regarding the acceptability of the various philosophical methods, and so it will also be of interest to more experienced philosophers.

Science after the Practice Turn in the Philosophy, History, and Social Studies of Science


Author: Léna Soler,Sjoerd Zwart,Michael Lynch,Vincent Israel-Jost
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317935357
Category: Philosophy
Page: 346
View: 6004
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In the 1980s, philosophical, historical and social studies of science underwent a change which later evolved into a turn to practice. Analysts of science were asked to pay attention to scientific practices in meticulous detail and along multiple dimensions, including the material, social and psychological. Following this turn, the interest in scientific practices continued to increase and had an indelible influence in the various fields of science studies. No doubt, the practice turn changed our conceptions and approaches of science, but what did it really teach us? What does it mean to study scientific practices? What are the general lessons, implications, and new challenges? This volume explores questions about the practice turn using both case studies and theoretical analysis. The case studies examine empirical and mathematical sciences, including the engineering sciences. The volume promotes interactions between acknowledged experts from different, often thought of as conflicting, orientations. It presents contributions in conjunction with critical commentaries that put the theses and assumptions of the former in perspective. Overall, the book offers a unique and diverse range of perspectives on the meanings, methods, lessons, and challenges associated with the practice turn.

Philosophy in Review


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 4085
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(2009)


Author: K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH & Company
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783598694523
Category:
Page: 2563
View: 5456
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The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.2 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.

Origins of Logical Empiricism


Author: Ronald N. Giere,Alan W. Richardson
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 9780816628346
Category: Philosophy
Page: 392
View: 2717
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Logical empiricism remains a strong influence in the philosophy of science, despite the discipline's shift toward more historical and naturalistic approaches. This latest volume in the eminent Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science series examines the main features of the intellectual milieu from which logical empiricism sprang, providing the first critical exploration of this context by authors within the Anglo-American analytic tradition of philosophy. These articles challenge the idea that logical empiricism has its origins in traditional British empiricism, pointing instead to a movement of scientific philosophy that flourished in the German-speaking areas of Europe in the first four decades of the twentieth century. The intellectual refugees from the Third Reich who brought logical empiricism to North America did so in an environment influenced by Einstein's new physics, the ascension of modern logic, the birth of the social sciences as rivals to traditional humanistic philosophy, and other large-scale social, political, and cultural themes.

Logique et analyse


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Logic
Page: N.A
View: 3725
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Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association


Author: American Philosophical Association
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 7612
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List of members in v. 1- .

Dialogue and Universalism


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Civilization, Modern
Page: N.A
View: 8137
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Understanding Human Knowledge

Philosophical Essays
Author: Barry Stroud
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198250333
Category: Philosophy
Page: 246
View: 7534
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Barry Stroud has since the 1970s been one of the most original contributors to the philosophical study of knowledge; this volume presents the best of his essays in this area. Anyone interested in epistemology will wish to read these profound investigations into its most fundamental problems.

Indeterminate Identity

Metaphysics and Semantics
Author: Professor of Philosophy & Linguistics Terence Parsons,Terence Parsons
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198250449
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 221
View: 2575
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Terence Parsons presents a lively and controversial study of philosophical questions about identity. Is a person identical with that person's body? If a ship has all its parts replaced, is the resulting ship identical with the original ship? If the discarded parts are reassembled, is the newlyassembled ship identical with the original ship? Because these puzzles remain unsolved, some people believe that they are questions that have no answers, perhaps because the questions are improperly formulated; they believe that there is a problem with the language used to formulate them. Parsonsexplores a different possibility: that such puzzles lack answers because of the way the world is (or because of the way the world is not); there is genuine indeterminacy of identity in the world. He articulates such a view in detail and defends it from a host of criticisms that have been levelledagainst the very possibility of indeterminacy in identity.

Logik, Wissenschaftstheorie und Erkenntnistheorie

Akten des 11. Internationalen Wittgenstein Symposiums, 4. bis 13. August 1986, Kirchberg am Wechsel (Österreich) : ausgewählte Beiträge
Author: Paul Weingartner,Gerhard Schurz
Publisher: Holder Pichler Tempsky
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 430
View: 442
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American Book Publishing Record


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 1230
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The Philosopher's Index


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 4993
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Vols. for 1969- include a section of abstracts.

Literature, Philosophy, and the Social Sciences

Essays in Existentialism and Phenomenology
Author: Maurice Natanson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401192782
Category: Philosophy
Page: 220
View: 7788
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A collection of one man's essays in book form tends to be viewed today with some suspicion, if not hostility, by philosophical critics. It would seem that the author is guilty of an academic sin of pride: causing or helping to cause separately conceived articles to surpass their original station and assume a new life, a grander articulation. It can hardly be denied that the essays which follow must face this sullen charge, for they were composed at different times for different sorts of audiences and, for the most part, have already been published. Their appearance in a new form will not allay commonplace criticisms: there are repetitions, certain key terms are defined and defined again in various places, a few quotations reappear, and, beyond this, the essays are unequal in range, depth, and fundamental intent. But it is what brings these essays together that constitutes, I trust, their collective merit. Underlying the special arguments that are to be found in each of the chapters is a particular sense of reality, not a thesis or a theory but rather a way of seeing the world and of appreciating its texture and design. It is that sense of reality that I should like to speak of here. Philosophy stands in a paradoxical relationship to mundane ex istence: it is at once its critique and one of its possibilities.

Approaches and methods in language teaching


Author: Jack C. Richards,Theodore S. Rodgers
Publisher: Ernst Klett Sprachen
ISBN: 9783125340428
Category: Language and languages
Page: 270
View: 4869
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