Security Beyond the State

Private Security in International Politics
Author: Rita Abrahamsen,Michael C. Williams
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139493124
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 5195
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Across the globe, from mega-cities to isolated resource enclaves, the provision and governance of security takes place within assemblages that are de-territorialized in terms of actors, technologies, norms and discourses. They are embedded in a complex transnational architecture, defying conventional distinctions between public and private, global and local. Drawing on theories of globalization and late modernity, along with insights from criminology, political science and sociology, Security Beyond the State maps the emergence of the global private security sector and develops a novel analytical framework for understanding these global security assemblages. Through in-depth examinations of four African countries – Kenya, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and South Africa – it demonstrates how global security assemblages affect the distribution of social power, the dynamics of state stability, and the operations of the international political economy, with significant implications for who gets secured and how in a global era.

Routledge Handbook of Private Security Studies


Author: Rita Abrahamsen,Anna Leander
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317914325
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 9904
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This new Handbook offers a comprehensive overview of current research on private security and military companies, comprising essays by leading scholars from around the world. The increasing privatization of security across the globe has been the subject of much debate and controversy, inciting fears of private warfare and even the collapse of the state. This volume provides the first comprehensive overview of the range of issues raised by contemporary security privatization, offering both a survey of the numerous roles performed by private actors and an analysis of their implications and effects. Ranging from the mundane to the spectacular, from secretive intelligence gathering and neighbourhood surveillance to piracy control and warfare, this Handbook shows how private actors are involved in both domestic and international security provision and governance. It places this involvement in historical perspective, and demonstrates how the impact of security privatization goes well beyond the security field to influence diverse social, economic and political relationships and institutions. Finally, this volume analyses the evolving regulation of the global private security sector. Seeking to overcome the disciplinary boundaries that have plagued the study of private security, the Handbook promotes an interdisciplinary approach and contains contributions from a range of disciplines, including international relations, politics, criminology, law, sociology, geography and anthropology. This book will be of much interest to students of private security companies, global governance, military studies, security studies and IR in general.

Sorry States

Apologies in International Politics
Author: Jennifer Lind
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801476280
Category: History
Page: 242
View: 6140
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Governments increasingly offer or demand apologies for past human rights abuses, and it is widely believed that such expressions of contrition are necessary to promote reconciliation between former adversaries. The post-World War II experiences of Japan and Germany suggest that international apologies have powerful healing effects when they are offered, and poisonous effects when withheld. West Germany made extensive efforts to atone for wartime crimes-formal apologies, monuments to victims of the Nazis, and candid history textbooks; Bonn successfully reconciled with its wartime enemies. By contrast, Tokyo has made few and unsatisfying apologies and approves school textbooks that whitewash wartime atrocities. Japanese leaders worship at the Yasukuni Shrine, which honors war criminals among Japan's war dead. Relations between Japan and its neighbors remain tense. Examining the cases of South Korean relations with Japan and of French relations with Germany, Jennifer Lind demonstrates that denials of past atrocities fuel distrust and inhibit international reconciliation. In Sorry States, she argues that a country's acknowledgment of past misdeeds is essential for promoting trust and reconciliation after war. However, Lind challenges the conventional wisdom by showing that many countries have been able to reconcile without much in the way of apologies or reparations. Contrition can be highly controversial and is likely to cause a domestic backlash that alarms—rather than assuages—outside observers. Apologies and other such polarizing gestures are thus unlikely to soothe relations after conflict, Lind finds, and remembrance that is less accusatory-conducted bilaterally or in multilateral settings-holds the most promise for international reconciliation.

Private Security in Africa

From the Global Assemblage to the Everyday
Author: Doctor Paul Higate,Mats Utas
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 178699027X
Category: Political Science
Page: 192
View: 635
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Across Africa, growing economic inequality, instability and urbanization have led to the rapid spread of private security providers. While these PSPs have already had a significant impact on African societies, their impact has so far received little in the way of comprehensive analysis. Drawing on a wide range of disciplinary approaches, and encompassing anthropology, sociology and political science, Private Security in Africa offers unique insight into the lives and experiences of security providers and those affected by them, as well as into the fragile state context which has allowed them to thrive. Featuring original empirical research and case studies ranging from private policing in South Africa to the recruitment of Sierra Leoneans for private security work in Iraq, the book considers the full implications of PSPs for security and the state, not only for Africa but for the world as a whole.

Global Governance and the New Wars

The Merging of Development and Security
Author: Mark Duffield
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 1780329822
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 2784
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this hugely influential book, originally published in 2001 but just as - if not more - relevant today, Mark Duffield shows how war has become an integral component of development discourse. Aid agencies have become increasingly involved in humanitarian assistance, conflict resolution and the social reconstruction of war-torn societies. Duffield explores the consequences of this growing merger of development and security, unravelling the nature of the new wars and the response of the international community, in particular the new systems of global governance that are emerging as a result. An essential work for anyone studying, interested in, or working in development or international security.

The Fabric of Peace in Africa

Looking beyond the State
Author: Pamela Aall,Chester A. Crocker
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 1928096417
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 8068
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Africa has experienced dozens of conflicts over a variety of issues during the past two decades. Responding to these conflicts requires concerted action to manage the crises – the violence, the political discord, and the humanitarian consequences of prolonged fighting. It is also necessary to address the long-term social and economic impacts of conflict, to rebuild communities, societies and states that have been torn apart. To accomplish this requires the involvement of institutions and groups rarely considered in formal official African conflict management activities: schools, universities, religious institutions, media, commercial enterprises, legal institutions, civil society groups, youth, women and migrants. These groups and organizations have an important role to play in building a sense of identity, fairness, shared norms and cohesion between state and society – all critical components of the fabric of peace and security in Africa. This volume brings together leading experts from Africa, Europe and North America to examine these critical social institutions and groups, and consider how they can either improve or impede peaceful conflict resolution. The overarching questions that are explored by the authors are: What constitutes social cohesion and resilience in the face of conflict? What are the threats to cohesion and resilience? And how can the positive elements be fostered and by whom? The second of two volumes on African conflict management capacity by the editors, The Fabric of Peace in Africa: Looking beyond the State opens new doors of understanding for students, scholars and practitioners focused on strengthening peace in Africa; the first volume, Minding the Gap: African Conflict Management in a Time of change, focused on the role of mediation and peacekeeping in managing violence and political crises.

Gender and Private Security in Global Politics


Author: Maya Eichler
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199364389
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 611
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"For two hundred years the provision of military security has been a central and defining function of the modern nation-state. The increasing reliance on private military and security companies in contemporary conflict marks a fundamental transformation in the organization of military violence, and it raises issues of accountability and ethics that are of particular concern to feminists. This privatization of force not only enables states to circumvent citizens' democratic control over questions of war and peace, but also undermines the claims for greater inclusion in the military sphere made by women and minority groups over the past decades. Gender and Private Security in Global Politics brings together key scholars in the emerging research area of "critical gender studies in private security." These scholars contend that the privatization of military security is a deeply gendered process, with gendered underpinnings and effects. Consequently, they employ a variety of feminist perspectives, including critical, postcolonial, poststructuralist, and queer feminist perspectives, as well as a wide range of methodological approaches such as ethnography, participant-observation, genealogy, and discourse analysis, in order to consider answers to questions about how to reform and regulate private forces"--

The Culture of National Security

Norms and Identity in World Politics
Author: Peter J. Katzenstein
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231104692
Category: Political Science
Page: 562
View: 2105
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Contributors ask whether it is more useful to conceive of the world as arrayed in regional, cultural, institutional complexes or organized along the conventional dimensions of power, alliance, and geography. They argue that perspectives that neglect the roles of culture and identity are no longer adequate to explain the complexities of a world undergoing rapid change.

Surprise, Security, and the American Experience


Author: John Lewis Gaddis
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674018365
Category: History
Page: 150
View: 5325
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Attempts to provide an answer to the question of how successful the Bush administration's grand strategy, set in nineteenth-century foundations, will be in the face of twenty-first-century national security challenges.

Rising to the Challenge

China's Grand Strategy and International Security
Author: Avery Goldstein
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804752183
Category: Political Science
Page: 274
View: 2207
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book describes and explains the grand strategy China's leaders have adopted to pursue their country's interests in the international system of the 21st century

Bounding Power

Republican Security Theory from the Polis to the Global Village
Author: Daniel H. Deudney
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400837274
Category: Political Science
Page: 384
View: 8331
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Realism, the dominant theory of international relations, particularly regarding security, seems compelling in part because of its claim to embody so much of Western political thought from the ancient Greeks to the present. Its main challenger, liberalism, looks to Kant and nineteenth-century economists. Despite their many insights, neither realism nor liberalism gives us adequate tools to grapple with security globalization, the liberal ascent, and the American role in their development. In reality, both realism and liberalism and their main insights were largely invented by republicans writing about republics. The main ideas of realism and liberalism are but fragments of republican security theory, whose primary claim is that security entails the simultaneous avoidance of the extremes of anarchy and hierarchy, and that the size of the space within which this is necessary has expanded due to technological change. In Daniel Deudney's reading, there is one main security tradition and its fragmentary descendants. This theory began in classical antiquity, and its pivotal early modern and Enlightenment culmination was the founding of the United States. Moving into the industrial and nuclear eras, this line of thinking becomes the basis for the claim that mutually restraining world government is now necessary for security and that political liberty cannot survive without new types of global unions. Unique in scope, depth, and timeliness, Bounding Power offers an international political theory for our fractious and perilous global village.

Japan in international politics

the foreign policies of an adaptive state
Author: Thomas U. Berger,Mike Mochizuki,Jitsuo Tsuchiyama
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
ISBN: 9781588264596
Category: Political Science
Page: 349
View: 5434
DOWNLOAD NOW »
?A systematic analysis of how Japan?s role in international politics will likely continue to change well into the 21st century.??Andrew Oros, Washington CollegeHow have shifts in both the international environment and domestic politics affected the trajectory of Japanese foreign policy? Does it still make sense to depict Japan as passive and reactive, or have the country?s leaders become strategic and proactive? Japan in International Politics presents a nuanced picture of Japanese foreign policy, emphasizing the ways in which slow, adaptive changes, informed by pragmatic liberalism, have served the national interest. The authors analyze core issues in the arenas of security policy, economic relations, and regional diplomacy. The concluding chapter of the book considers the significance of Japan?s current foreign policy posture for its future role in international politics. Thomas Berger is associate professor of international relations at Boston University. Mike Mochizuki holds the Japan-U.S. Relations Chair in memory of Gaston Sigur at George Washington University?s Elliott School of International Affairs. Jitsuo Tsuchiyama is professor and dean of the School of International Politics, Economics and Communication at Aoyama Gakuin University, Tokyo. Contents: Japan?s Changing International Role?M. Mochizuki. The Domestic Foundations of Japanese Foreign Policy?M. Kohno. Security Policy. War Renunciation, Article 9, and Security Policy?J. Tsuchiyama. Participation in UN Peacekeeping Operations?G. Ito. A Defense Posture for Multilateral Security?M. O?Hanlon. Economic Relations. Adapting to Global Economic Change?E. Lincoln. Building Stable International Financial Relations?Y. Kojo. Responding to the Asian Financial Crisis?J. Inada. Regional Diplomacy. Memory Politics and Foreign Relations?T. Berger. The Role of Human Rights: The Case of Burma?C. Dalpino. Dealing with a Rising China?M. Mochizuki. Conclusion. The Pragmatic Liberalism of an Adaptive State?T. Berger.

War and Conflict in Africa


Author: Paul D. Williams
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509509089
Category: Political Science
Page: 400
View: 6175
DOWNLOAD NOW »
After the Cold War, Africa earned the dubious distinction of being the world's most bloody continent. But how can we explain this proliferation of armed conflicts? What caused them and what were their main characteristics? And what did the world's governments do to stop them? In this fully revised and updated second edition of his popular text, Paul Williams offers an in-depth and wide-ranging assessment of more than six hundred armed conflicts which took place in Africa from 1990 to the present day - from the continental catastrophe in the Great Lakes region to the sprawling conflicts across the Sahel and the web of wars in the Horn of Africa. Taking a broad comparative approach to examine the political contexts in which these wars occurred, he explores the major patterns of organized violence, the key ingredients that provoked them and the major international responses undertaken to deliver lasting peace. Part I, Contexts provides an overview of the most important attempts to measure the number, scale and location of Africa's armed conflicts and provides a conceptual and political sketch of the terrain of struggle upon which these wars were waged. Part II, Ingredients analyses the role of five widely debated features of Africa's wars: the dynamics of neopatrimonial systems of governance; the construction and manipulation of ethnic identities; questions of sovereignty and self-determination; as well as the impact of natural resources and religion. Part III, Responses, discusses four major international reactions to Africa's wars: attempts to build a new institutional architecture to help promote peace and security on the continent; this architecture's two main policy instruments, peacemaking initiatives and peace operations; and efforts to develop the continent. War and Conflict in Africa will be essential reading for all students of international peace and security studies as well as Africa's international relations.

Endangered City

The Politics of Security and Risk in Bogotá
Author: Austin Zeiderman
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822374188
Category: Social Science
Page: 312
View: 9977
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Security and risk have become central to how cities are planned, built, governed, and inhabited in the twenty-first century. In Endangered City, Austin Zeiderman focuses on this new political imperative to govern the present in anticipation of future harm. Through ethnographic fieldwork and archival research in Bogotá, Colombia, he examines how state actors work to protect the lives of poor and vulnerable citizens from a range of threats, including environmental hazards and urban violence. By following both the governmental agencies charged with this mandate and the subjects governed by it, Endangered City reveals what happens when logics of endangerment shape the terrain of political engagement between citizens and the state. The self-built settlements of Bogotá’s urban periphery prove a critical site from which to examine the rising effect of security and risk on contemporary cities and urban life.

Traditions and Trends in Global Environmental Politics

International Relations and the Earth
Author: Olaf Corry,Hayley Stevenson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351800795
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 212
View: 2375
DOWNLOAD NOW »
How can a divided world share a single planet? As the environment rises ever higher on the global agenda, the discipline of International Relations (IR) is engaging in more varied and transformative ways than ever before to overcome environmental challenges. Focusing in particular on the key trends of the past 20 years, this volume explores the main developments in the global environmental crisis, with each chapter considering an environmental issue and an approach within IR. In the process, adjacent fields including energy politics, science and technology, and political economy are also touched on. Traditions and Trends in Global Environmental Politics is aimed at anybody interested in the key international environmental problems of the day, and those seeking clarification and inspiration in terms of approaches and theories that decode how the environment is accounted for in global politics. It will be an essential resource for students and scholars of global environmental politics and governance, environmental studies and IR.

The Politics of Possibility

Risk and Security Beyond Probability
Author: Louise Amoore
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822355604
Category: Political Science
Page: 220
View: 8815
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Since September 11, 2001, the imagination of "low probability, high consequence" events has become a distinctive feature of contemporary politics. Uncertain futures—devastation by terrorist attack, cyber crime, flood, financial market collapse—must be discerned and responded to as possibilities, however improbable they may be. In The Politics of Possibility, Louise Amoore examines this development, tracing its genealogy through the diverse worlds of risk management consulting, computer science, commercial logistics, and data visualization. She focuses on the increasingly symbiotic relationship between commercial opportunities and state security threats, a relation that turns the trusted, iris-scanned traveler into "a person of national security interest," and the designer of risk algorithms for casino and insurance fraud into a homeland security resource. Juxtaposing new readings of Agamben, Foucault, Derrida, Massumi, and Connolly with interpretations of post–9/11 novels and artworks, Amoore analyzes the "politics of possibility" and its far-reaching implications for society, associative life, and political accountability.

The Assault on Intelligence

American National Security in an Age of Lies
Author: Michael V. Hayden
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0525558594
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 7373
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A blistering critique of the forces threatening the American intelligence community, beginning with the President of the United States himself, in a time when that community's work has never been harder or more important In the face of a President who lobs accusations without facts, evidence, or logic, truth tellers are under attack. Meanwhile, the world order is teetering on the brink. North Korea is on the verge of having a nuclear weapon that could reach all of the United States, Russians have mastered a new form of information warfare that undercuts democracy, and the role of China in the global community remains unclear. There will always be value to experience and expertise, devotion to facts, humility in the face of complexity, and a respect for ideas, but in this moment they seem more important, and more endangered, than they've ever been. American Intelligence--the ultimate truth teller--has a responsibility in a post-truth world beyond merely warning of external dangers, and in The Assault on Intelligence, General Michael Hayden takes up that urgent work with profound passion, insight and authority. It is a sobering vision. The American intelligence community is more at risk than is commonly understood, for every good reason. Civil war or societal collapse is not necessarily imminent or inevitable, but our democracy's core structures, processes, and attitudes are under great stress. Many of the premises on which we have based our understanding of governance are now challenged, eroded, or simply gone. And we have a President in office who responds to overwhelming evidence from the intelligence community that the Russians are, by all acceptable standards of cyber conflict, in a state of outright war against us, not by leading a strong response, but by shooting the messenger. There are fundamental changes afoot in the world and in this country. The Assault on Intelligence shows us what they are, reveals how crippled we've become in our capacity to address them, and points toward a series of effective responses. Because when we lose our intelligence, literally and figuratively, democracy dies.

Transnational Actors in War and Peace

Militants, Activists, and Corporations in World Politics
Author: David Malet,Miriam J. Anderson
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1626164444
Category: Political Science
Page: 244
View: 1011
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Transnational Actors in War and Peace provides a comparative examination of a range of transnational actors who have been key to the conduct of war and peace promotion, and of how they interact with states and each other. It explores the identities, organization, strategies and influence of transnational actors involved in contentious politics, armed conflict, and peacemaking. While the study of transnational politics has been a rapidly growing field, to date, the disparate actors have not been analyzed alongside each other, making it difficult to develop a common theoretical framework or determine their influence on international security. This book brings together a diverse set of scholars focused on a range of transnational actors, such as: foreign fighters, terrorists, private military security companies, religious groups, diasporas, NGOs, and women’s peace groups. Malet and Anderson provide the standard for future study of transnational actors in this work intended for those interested in security studies, international relations, conflict resolution, and global governance.

The Cyber Threat and Globalization

The Impact on U.S. National and International Security
Author: Jack A. Jarmon,Pano Yannakogeorgos
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1538104326
Category: Political Science
Page: 280
View: 5998
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is designed for those who want a better grasp of the nature and existential threat of today’s information wars. It uses a conceptual approach to explain the relevant concepts as well as the structural challenges and responsibilities with which policy makers struggle and practitioners must work.

The NSA Report

Liberty and Security in a Changing World
Author: The President's Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technologies,Richard A. Clarke,Michael J. Morell,Geoffrey R. Stone,Cass R. Sunstein,Peter Swire
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400851270
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 7163
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"We cannot discount the risk, in light of the lessons of our own history, that at some point in the future, high-level government officials will decide that this massive database of extraordinarily sensitive private information is there for the plucking. Americans must never make the mistake of wholly 'trusting' our public officials."--The NSA Report This is the official report that is helping shape the international debate about the unprecedented surveillance activities of the National Security Agency. Commissioned by President Obama following disclosures by former NSA contractor Edward J. Snowden, and written by a preeminent group of intelligence and legal experts, the report examines the extent of NSA programs and calls for dozens of urgent and practical reforms. The result is a blueprint showing how the government can reaffirm its commitment to privacy and civil liberties--without compromising national security.