Nanoimprint Biosensors

The Fusion of Nanofabrication, Nanophotonics and Nanobiology
Author: Takeo Nishikawa,Satoshi Fujita
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1138000981
Category: Science
Page: 300
View: 3676
This book starts with an overview and introduction on the trends in nanofabrication and nanoimprint technology, followed by a detailed discussion on the design, fabrication, and evaluation of nanoimprint biosensors. The proto-model systems and some application examples of this sensor are also included in the chapters. The book will appeal to anyone in the field of nanotechnology, especially nanofabrication, nanophotonics, and nanobiology, or biosensor research.

Steel Penstocks

Second Edition
Author: John H. Bambei
Publisher: ASCE Publications
ISBN: 0784412162
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 320
View: 7589
Prepared by the Task Committee for the updating of MOP 79 of the Pipeline Division of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Steel Penstocks stands as a complete guide to the design, installation, and maintenance of the closed conduits between a free water surface and hydroelectric power stations. This new, thoroughly updated edition provides recommendations and technical guidance for all aspects of steel penstocks, including tunnel liners, wyes, and branch outlets. It also provides practical, comprehensive information regarding the economic, safety, and environmental aspects of designing and implementing steel penstocks at hydropower stations. Chapters offer both background commentary and specific requirements, and a final chapter contains 10 worked examples of design problems. Topics include: design considerations, including economic diameter, shutoff systems, and seismic loads; materials, design criteria, and allowable stresses; exposed and buried penstocks; steel tunnel liners; wye branches and outlets; anchor blocks; appurtenances, bends, and transitions; corrosion prevention and control; welding; manufacture, installation, and inspection; startup; documentation and certification; and maintenance. Hydroelectric engineers, designers, and facility managers use MOP 79 as the go-to reference for steel penstocks.

Design of Hydraulic Gates, 2nd Edition

Author: Paulo C.F. Erbisti
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0415659396
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 442
View: 3100
Revised and updated, this second edition of Design of Hydraulic Gates maintains the same goal as the original: to be used as a textbook and a manual of design of gates, presenting the main aspects of design, manufacture, installation and operation of hydraulic gates, while introducing new products, technologies and calculation procedures. This edition included new chapters on intake gates and trashrack design, highlighting the aspects of safety, operational and maintenance procedures. To improve the strength against structural failure of intake trashracks, the author proposes a series of rigid calculation assumptions, design parameters and manufacturing procedures, which will certainly result in safer trashracks. Some 340 drawings and photographs, 82 tables, 107 references and 23 worked examples help the reader to understand the basic concepts and calculation methods presented.

Designing and Building Mini and Micro Hydropower Schemes

A Practical Guide
Author: Luis Rodríguez,Teodoro Sanchez
Publisher: Practical Action Pub
ISBN: 9781853396465
Category: Social Science
Page: 359
View: 5335
Small hydro power installations have the potential to provide a renewable supply of energy to people in remote, hilly communities, far from the national grid. This book is based on the authors' considerable experience of installing hydroelectric schemes that produce up to 500 kW for powering small communities. It describes not only the electro-mechanical equipment and how it is installed, but also the correct siting of the installation and how to design and build the channels leading up to the turbine so as to optimize performance. These civil works can be carried out by local manpower, using materials that are usually available locally. Chapters cover the main components of small hydroelectric plants from the intake and the headrace channel, via the conveyance channel, to the forebay tank, penstock, turbine, and generator. Designing and Building Mini and Micro Hydropower Schemes is essential reading for engineers, NGO managers and consultants planning and implementing micro hydro schemes. `This book's strength is that it is based on years of experience out in the field of designing micro hydro systems that work.' Dr Arthur Williams, School of Electrical Electronic Engineering, The University of Nottingham, UK `For remote communities lucky enough to live near hill streams or rivers, micro-hydro power is the most cost effective way of generating electricity. And it is clean energy. But it takes years of experience and skill to design the weirs, canals and spillways that are needed. Experienced practitioners take you through the whole design process, with drawings and calculations, so that anyone with good practical building skills can learn enough from the many years of knowledge crammed into this instruction book to build a solid scheme, without over-spending.' Ray Holland, Manager, EU Energy Initiative, Partnership Dialogue Facility

Hydroelectric Power

Author: Josepha Sherman
Publisher: Capstone
ISBN: 9780736851923
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 32
View: 3629
Introduces the history, uses, production, advantages and disadvantages, and future of hydroelectric energy as a power resource.


Author: Paul Breeze
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128129077
Category: Science
Page: 104
View: 5927
Hydropower provides a complete discussion of the most up-to-date considerations of this method of creating renewable energy. After introducing the method’s history, the author explores various considerations for engineers, planners and managers who need to determine the best placement and size of a plant. The book then presents various types of hydropower systems, such as Run-of-River Schemes and various types of Dam and Turbines, also considering the important economic, environmental and geological impacts of each. Those involved in the planning, design and management of hydropower systems, such as engineers, researchers, managers and policymakers will find this book a very valuable and insightful resource. Explores different types of dams and turbines set alongside easy-to-understand diagrams, such as Embankment Dams, Concrete Arch Dams, Reaction Turbines and Francis Turbines Considers various economic and environmental factors significant for this type of project, such as resettlement, biodiversity and greenhouse gases Discusses best practices for locating a hydropower site and how to make important decisions regarding placement and method

Mini hydropower

Author: Unesco
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Science
Page: 312
View: 1672
Mini Hydropower Tong Jiandong, Zheng Naibo, Wang Xianhuan, Hai Jing, Ding Huishen Hangzhou Regional Centre for Small Hydro Power, China Mini hydropower (MHP) is an increasingly important means of generating primary electricity using the water resources of small rivers. A clean, cost-effective and renewable energy resource, MHP is a well-developed technology, and ideal for deployment in areas remote from the national grid. Describing mini hydrostations with a capacity of between 0.5MW to 2MW, this comprehensive text focuses on the practical development of this technology, from planning and design, through economic and social benefits. Features include: Detailed discussion on all aspects of hydrology and hydroenergy design. Study of the geological problems encountered during mini hydro construction. Presentation of the latest technology required for mini hydro plants from water turbines to electrical equipment. Consideration of the economic and financial feasibility of this energy resource and the social and environmental impact on the community. Useful self-assessment question and answer sections at the end of each chapter. Written by a team of experts in China, this thorough text will allow exploitation of the technology at an international level. This book will appeal to both advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as professionals in the fields of power engineering, mini hydropower development and related technical service personnel. Mini Hydropower forms a part of the Energy Engineering Learning Package. Organised by UNESCO, this distance learning package has been established to train engineers to meet the challenges of today and tomorrow in this exciting field of energy engineering. It has been developed by an international team of distinguished academics, co-ordinated by Dr Boris Berkovski. This modular course will appeal to advanced undergraduate and post-graduate students, as well as practising power engineers in industry.

Water Control Gates

Guidelines for Inspection and Evaluation
Author: Condition Assessment of Water Control Gates Task Committee
Publisher: ASCE Publications
ISBN: 0784412200
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 404
View: 6550
Sponsored by the Hydropower Technical Committee of the Energy Division of ASCE; U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency; Interagency Committee on Dam Safety; U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center. Water Control Gates: Guidelines for Inspection and Evaluation provides information and techniques for assessing water control gates, focusing particularly on those controlling reservoirs impounded by a dam. As many dams in the United States reach or pass their 50-year design lives, water control gates and other features must be examined to determine their condition for continued reliable, safe use. This single volume covers the most common types of major water control gates used throughout the last century in the United States. Topics include: description of various water control gates and operating systems; gate operation; gate maintenance; preparing for a gate inspection; conducting visual gate and gate operating system inspections; gate system testing; and the evaluation process. Appendixes provide inspection checklists; example procedures for inspection and testing; guidelines for crane inspection; calculations for determining curvilinear water pressure on a gate face; and potential failure mode examples. The volume includes references and an extensive bibliography. This volume will help owners of dams, whether large or small, to develop a comprehensive plan to actively manage their dam gates. Hydraulic engineers, water resources managers, and emergency planning officials also will rely on this compilation as a reference for managing and maintaining water control gates.

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook

A Guide to Thermal Power Plants
Author: Swapan Basu,Ajay Debnath
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128011734
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 942
View: 6085
The book discusses instrumentation and control in modern fossil fuel power plants, with an emphasis on selecting the most appropriate systems subject to constraints engineers have for their projects. It provides all the plant process and design details, including specification sheets and standards currently followed in the plant. Among the unique features of the book are the inclusion of control loop strategies and BMS/FSSS step by step logic, coverage of analytical instruments and technologies for pollution and energy savings, and coverage of the trends toward filed bus systems and integration of subsystems into one network with the help of embedded controllers and OPC interfaces. The book includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow, level, etc of a typical 250/500 MW thermal power plant. Appropriate for project engineers as well as instrumentation/control engineers, the book also includes tables, charts, and figures from real-life projects around the world. Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilers Presents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentation Discusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changed Provides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrument. Consistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and India

Power Plant Engineering,4e

Author: P. K. Nag
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 9339204050
Page: N.A
View: 2800
The fourth edition of this hallmark text continues to provide the right blend of theory, design and practice.Analytical and theoretical treatment of the concepts along with an up-to-date coverage makes this book a must have for all Salient Features • In depth coverage of Hydroelectric, Diesel Engine and Gas Turbine Power Plants • Chapter on Non-Conventional Power Generation and Environmental Degradation and Use of Renewable Energy • Unique coverage on Energy Storage Mechanisms

Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook

Author: Meherwan P. Boyce
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080456898
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 962
View: 7109
The Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook has been the standard for engineers involved in the design, selection, and operation of gas turbines. This revision includes new case histories, the latest techniques, and new designs to comply with recently passed legislation. By keeping the book up to date with new, emerging topics, Boyce ensures that this book will remain the standard and most widely used book in this field. The new Third Edition of the Gas Turbine Engineering Hand Book updates the book to cover the new generation of Advanced gas Turbines. It examines the benefit and some of the major problems that have been encountered by these new turbines. The book keeps abreast of the environmental changes and the industries answer to these new regulations. A new chapter on case histories has been added to enable the engineer in the field to keep abreast of problems that are being encountered and the solutions that have resulted in solving them. Comprehensive treatment of Gas Turbines from Design to Operation and Maintenance. In depth treatment of Compressors with emphasis on surge, rotating stall, and choke; Combustors with emphasis on Dry Low NOx Combustors; and Turbines with emphasis on Metallurgy and new cooling schemes. An excellent introductory book for the student and field engineers A special maintenance section dealing with the advanced gas turbines, and special diagnostic charts have been provided that will enable the reader to troubleshoot problems he encounters in the field The third edition consists of many Case Histories of Gas Turbine problems. This should enable the field engineer to avoid some of these same generic problems

Renewable and Efficient Electric Power Systems

Author: Gilbert M. Masters
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118633490
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 712
View: 4913
A solid, quantitative, practical introduction to a wide range of renewable energy systems—in a completely updated, new edition The second edition of Renewable and Efficient Electric Power Systems provides a solid, quantitative, practical introduction to a wide range of renewable energy systems. For each topic, essential theoretical background is introduced, practical engineering considerations associated with designing systems and predicting their performance are provided, and methods for evaluating the economics of these systems are presented. While the book focuses on the fastest growing, most promising wind and solar technologies, new material on tidal and wave power, small-scale hydroelectric power, geothermal and biomass systems is introduced. Both supply-side and demand-side technologies are blended in the final chapter, which introduces the emerging smart grid. As the fraction of our power generated by renewable resources increases, the role of demand-side management in helping maintain grid balance is explored. Renewable energy systems have become mainstream technologies and are now, literally, big business. Throughout this edition, more depth has been provided on the financial analysis of large-scale conventional and renewable energy projects. While grid-connected systems dominate the market today, off-grid systems are beginning to have a significant impact on emerging economies where electricity is a scarce commodity. Considerable attention is paid to the economics of all of these systems. This edition has been completely rewritten, updated, and reorganized. New material has been presented both in the form of new topics as well as in greater depth in some areas. The section on the fundamentals of electric power has been enhanced, making this edition a much better bridge to the more advanced courses in power that are returning to many electrical engineering programs. This includes an introduction to phasor notation, more emphasis on reactive power as well as real power, more on power converter and inverter electronics, and more material on generator technologies. Realizing that many students, as well as professionals, in this increasingly important field may have modest electrical engineering backgrounds, early chapters develop the skills and knowledge necessary to understand these important topics without the need for supplementary materials. With numerous completely worked examples throughout, the book has been designed to encourage self-instruction. The book includes worked examples for virtually every topic that lends itself to quantitative analysis. Each chapter ends with a problem set that provides additional practice. This is an essential resource for a mixed audience of engineering and other technology-focused individuals.

Analysis and Design Practice of Hydraulic Concrete Structures

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120345940
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 180
View: 1142
This book provides a comprehensive description of the analysis and design process of some hydraulic concrete structures designed to retain and contain aqueous liquid. The first edition discussed six types of structures of different functions, namely: (a) An underground sedimentation tank for sewage treatment.(b) An underground digestion tank for sludge treatment.(c) An underground reservoir to store fresh potable water.(d) An immersed highway tunnel under the river bed.(e) An indoor swimming pool of rectangular shape for public recreation.(f) A gravity dam across a valley for converting the valley into a fresh water reservoir. This Second Edition incorporates another type of hydraulic structure, namely spillway. The spillway structure plays a vital role in regulating the designed reservoir water level to meet the fluctuating demand of water supply for the generation of hydroelectricity, irrigation and water supply purposes in controlling the height of reservoir water level downstream of the river. The spillway structure subjected to seismic hydrodynamic pressure in addition to the hydrostatic pressure, has been analysed and designed in full compliance with Eurocodes EC 2: Part 1–1 and Part 3 as water-retaining structure. The other six structures have been analysed and designed with reference to the relevant clauses of codes of practice prescribed in Eurocodes 2 and BS 8007 and BS 8110. The book is designed to serve as a useful practical guide and a valuable reference for senior undergraduate students of civil engineering and postgraduate students specializing in structural design, as well as practising and consulting engineers involved in the design and execution of hydraulic concrete structures.

Hydraulics of Pipeline Systems

Author: Bruce E. Larock,Roland W. Jeppson,Gary Z. Watters
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420050318
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 552
View: 8866
The first of its kind, this modern, comprehensive text covers both analysis and design of piping systems. The authors begin with a review of basic hydraulic principles, with emphasis on their use in pumped pipelines, manifolds, and the analysis and design of large pipe networks. After the reader obtains an understanding of how these principles are implemented in computer solutions for steady state problems, the focus then turns to unsteady hydraulics. These are covered at three levels:

Hydraulic Structures, Fourth Edition

Author: P. Novak,A.I.B. Moffat,C. Nalluri,R. Narayanan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351991302
Category: Architecture
Page: 736
View: 3523
Now includes Worked Examples for lectutrers in a companion pdf! The fourth edition of this volume presents design principles and practical guidance for key hydraulic structures. Fully revised and updated, this new edition contains enhanced texts and sections on: environmental issues and the World Commission on Dams partially saturated soils, small amenity dams, tailing dams, upstream dam face protection and the rehabilitation of embankment dams RCC dams and the upgrading of masonry and concrete dams flow over stepped spillways and scour in plunge pools cavitation, aeration and vibration of gates risk analysis and contingency planning in dam safety small hydroelectric power development and tidal and wave power wave statistics, pipeline stability, wave–structure interaction and coastal modelling computational models in hydraulic engineering. The book's key topics are explored in two parts - dam engineering and other hydraulic structures – and the text concludes with a chapter on models in hydraulic engineering. Worked numerical examples supplement the main text and extensive lists of references conclude each chapter. Hydraulic Structures provides advanced students with a solid foundation in the subject and is a useful reference source for researchers, designers and other professionals.

Geotechnical Engineering of Dams, 2nd Edition

Author: Robin Fell,Patrick MacGregor,David Stapledon,Graeme Bell,Mark Foster
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1138000086
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1348
View: 899
Geotechnical Engineering of Dams, 2nd edition provides a comprehensive text on the geotechnical and geological aspects of the investigations for and the design and construction of new dams and the review and assessment of existing dams. The main emphasis of this work is on embankment dams, but much of the text, particularly those parts related to geology, can be used for concrete gravity and arch dams. All phases of investigation, design and construction are covered. Detailed descriptions are given from the initial site assessment and site investigation program through to the preliminary and detailed design phases and, ultimately, the construction phase. The assessment of existing dams, including the analysis of risks posed by those dams, is also discussed. This wholly revised and significantly expanded 2nd edition includes a lengthy new appendix on the assessment of the likelihood of failure of dams by internal erosion and piping. This valuable source on dam engineering incorporates the 200+ years of collective experience of the authors in the subject area. Design methods are presented in combination with their theoretical basis, to enable the reader to develop a proper understanding of the possibilities and limitations of a method. For its practical, well-founded approach, this work can serve as a useful guide for professional dam engineers and engineering geologists and as a textbook for university students.

Electricity Power Generation

The Changing Dimensions
Author: Digambar M. Tagare
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470872667
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 352
View: 8736
This book offers an analytical overview of established electric generation processes, along with the present status & improvements for meeting the strains of reconstruction. These old methods are hydro-electric, thermal & nuclear power production. The book covers climatic constraints; their affects and how they are shaping thermal production. The book also covers the main renewable energy sources, wind and PV cells and the hybrids arising out of these. It covers distributed generation which already has a large presence is now being joined by wind & PV energies. It covers their accommodation in the present system. It introduces energy stores for electricity; when they burst upon the scene in full strength are expected to revolutionize electricity production. In all the subjects covered, there are references to power marketing & how it is shaping production. There will also be a reference chapter on how the power market works.

Hydropower engineering

Author: C. C. Warnick
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 326
View: 8048