Social Protection for the Poor and Poorest

Concepts, Policies and Politics
Author: A. Barrientos,D. Hulme
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230583091
Category: Social Science
Page: 344
View: 1212
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Social protection is fast becoming an important theme in development policy. This book examines the political processes shaping social protection policies; compares the key conceptual frameworks available for analyzing social protection; and provides a comparative discussion on social protection policies focused on the poor and the poorest.

Social Protection in Developing Countries

Reforming Systems
Author: Katja Bender,Markus Kaltenborn,Christian Pfleiderer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136178511
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 7153
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Providing universal access to social protection and health systems for all members of society, including the poor and vulnerable, is increasingly considered crucial to international development debates. This is the first book to explore from an interdisciplinary and global perspective the reforms of social protection systems introduced in recent years by many governments of low and middle-income countries. Although a growing body of literature has been concerned with the design and impact of social protection, less attention has been directed towards analyzing and explaining these reform processes themselves. Through case studies of African, Asian, and Latin American countries, this book examines the ‘global phenomenon’ of recent social protection reforms in low and middle-income areas, and how it differs across countries both in terms of scope and speed of institutional change. Exploring the major domestic and international factors affecting the political feasibility of social protection reform, the book outlines the successes and failures of recent reform initiatives. This invaluable book combines contributions from both academics and practitioner experts to give students, researchers and practitioners in the fields of social security, economics, law and political science an in-depth understanding of political reform processes in developing countries.

The Handbook of Social Work and Social Development in Africa


Author: Mel Gray
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317029380
Category: Social Science
Page: 414
View: 2800
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All recent books on international social work mention Africa only briefly and few engage with the broader field of development studies. This book focuses solely on the unique African context engaging with issues relating to social work and development more broadly thus enabling a deeper examination and more complex and nuanced picture to emerge. Unlike most academic works, this book highlights multiple practitioner voices, with authors or co-authors that have recently been or are currently practising social workers. As an edited book, it draws from both academic research as well as lived practice experience, supported by strong theoretical positioning and guidance in introductory chapters, drawing on African literature, wherever possible. Looking at case-studies from Lesotho, Botswana, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, Namibia, Uganda, Nigeria, Kenya, South Africa, Rwanda, Zambia and Tanzania and covering established areas of practice such as child protection; working with older people; working with people with disabilities; mental health; and mainstream services targeting women as well as emerging areas of developmental social work practice, such as humanitarian assistance in post-conflict situations; work with immigrants and refugees; and the training of community-based workers, this book takes a future-oriented perspective that aims to move beyond well-worn critiques to envision constructive and sustainable futures for social work and social development in Africa from a critical perspective.

Social Protection in Africa


Author: Frank Ellis,Stephen Devereux,Philip White
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1848446012
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 2721
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This timely book makes accessible to a broad audience the ideas, principles and practicalities of establishing effective social protection in Africa. It focuses on the major shift in strategy for tackling hunger and vulnerability, from emergency responses mainly in the form of food transfers to predictable cash transfers to the chronically poorest social groups. The first part of the book comprises nine theme chapters, covering vulnerability, targeting, delivery, coordination, cost-effectiveness, market impacts, and asset effects, while the second part consists of fifteen social protection case studies. The continuous interplay between these two parts makes for a unique contribution to the contemporary literature on social protection. The book takes a positive and forward looking view regarding the feasibility of achieving successful social transfers to the poorest in Africa; nevertheless, a critical stance is taken where appropriate, and unresolved strategic issues regarding the targeting, coverage and scale of social transfers are highlighted. Social Protection in Africa is an essential read for personnel, advisors and consultants working for aid donors, United Nations agencies, NGOs and governments on social transfer programmes in sub-Saharan African countries. In addition, the book represents a valuable resource for training courses on social protection, and will be vital reading for Masters level students and researchers studying emergency relief, social protection, vulnerability and poverty reduction in low-income countries.

Conditional Cash Transfers in Latin America


Author: Adato, Michelle,Hoddinott, John
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0801894980
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 387
View: 5561
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Conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs)—cash grants to poor families that are conditional on their participation in education, health, and nutrition services—have become a vital part of poverty reduction strategies in many countries, particularly in Latin America. In Conditional Cash Transfers in Latin America, the contributors analyze and synthesize evidence from case studies of CCTs in Brazil, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. The studies examine many aspects of CCTs, including the trends in development and political economy that fostered interest in them; their costs; their impacts on education, health, nutrition, and food consumption; and how CCT programs affect social relations shaped by gender, culture, and community. Throughout, the authors identify the strengths and weaknesses of CCTs and offer guidelines to those who design them.

Transformative Social Protection


Author: Stephen Devereux,Rachel Sabates-Wheeler
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Developing countries
Page: 30
View: 8175
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A Handbook of Children and Young People's Participation

Perspectives from Theory and Practice
Author: Barry Percy-Smith,Nigel Thomas
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135267634
Category: Education
Page: 400
View: 9515
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A Handbook of Children and Young People's Participation brings together key thinkers and practitioners from diverse contexts across the globe to provide an authoritative overview of contemporary theory and practice around children’s participation. Promoting the participation of children and young people – in decision-making and policy development, and as active contributors to everyday family and community life – has become a central part of policy and programme initiatives in both majority and minority worlds. This book presents the most useful recent work in children’s participation as a resource for academics, students and practitioners in childhood studies, children’s rights and welfare, child and family social work, youth and community work, governance, aid and development programmes. The book introduces key concepts and debates, and presents a rich collection of accounts of the diverse ways in which children’s participation is understood and enacted around the world, interspersed with reflective commentaries from adults and young people. It concludes with a number of substantial theoretical contributions that aim to take forward our understanding of children’s participation. The emphasis throughout the text is on learning from the complexity of children’s participation in practice to improve our theoretical understanding, and on using those theoretical insights to challenge practice, with the aim of realising children’s rights and citizenship more fully.

Agricultural Development and Economic Transformation

Promoting Growth with Poverty Reduction
Author: John W. Mellor
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319652591
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 259
View: 3555
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This book examines the role of agriculture in the economic transformation of developing low- and middle-income countries and explores means for accelerating agricultural growth and poverty reduction. In this volume, Mellor measures by household class the employment impact of alternative agricultural growth rates and land tenure systems, and impact on cereal consumption and food security. The book provides detailed analysis of each element of agricultural modernization, emphasizing the central role of government in accelerated growth in private sector dominated agriculture. The book differs from the bulk of current conventional wisdom in its placement of the non-poor small commercial farmer at the center of growth, and explains how growth translates into poverty reduction. This new book is a follow up to Mellor’s classic, prize-winning text, The Economics of Agricultural Development.

Human Development Report 2010

20th Anniversary Edition
Author: United Nations Development Programme
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230298141
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 3563
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The 20th Anniversary edition is a time to take stock, reflect and move forward. It rigorously reviews the past two decades of human development trends and challenges, and provides newly available data and supplementary indices weighing the effect of income inequalities, gender disparities and household-level poverty.

The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money


Author: John Maynard Keynes
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319703447
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 404
View: 6569
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This book was originally published by Macmillan in 1936. It was voted the top Academic Book that Shaped Modern Britain by Academic Book Week (UK) in 2017, and in 2011 was placed on Time Magazine's top 100 non-fiction books written in English since 1923. Reissued with a fresh Introduction by the Nobel-prize winner Paul Krugman and a new Afterword by Keynes’ biographer Robert Skidelsky, this important work is made available to a new generation. The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money transformed economics and changed the face of modern macroeconomics. Keynes’ argument is based on the idea that the level of employment is not determined by the price of labour, but by the spending of money. It gave way to an entirely new approach where employment, inflation and the market economy are concerned. Highly provocative at its time of publication, this book and Keynes’ theories continue to remain the subject of much support and praise, criticism and debate. Economists at any stage in their career will enjoy revisiting this treatise and observing the relevance of Keynes’ work in today’s contemporary climate.

Delivering on the Promise of Pro-poor Growth

Insights and Lessons from Country Experiences
Author: Timothy Besley,Louise Cord
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821365169
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 253
View: 729
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Economic growth is the most important determinant of poverty reduction. But countries with similar rates of growth can experience different poverty reduction rates.

Poverty in the Philippines

Causes, Constraints and Opportunities
Author: Asian Development Bank
Publisher: Asian Development Bank
ISBN: 9292547410
Category: Social Science
Page: 134
View: 4737
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Against the backdrop of the global financial crisis and rising food, fuel, and commodity prices, addressing poverty and inequality in the Philippines remains a challenge. The proportion of households living below the official poverty line has declined slowly and unevenly in the past four decades, and poverty reduction has been much slower than in neighboring countries such as the People's Republic of China, Indonesia, Thailand, and Viet Nam. Economic growth has gone through boom and bust cycles, and recent episodes of moderate economic expansion have had limited impact on the poor. Great inequality across income brackets, regions, and sectors, as well as unmanaged population growth, are considered some of the key factors constraining poverty reduction efforts. This publication analyzes the causes of poverty and recommends ways to accelerate poverty reduction and achieve more inclusive growth. it also provides an overview of current government responses, strategies, and achievements in the fight against poverty and identifies and prioritizes future needs and interventions. The analysis is based on current literature and the latest available data, including the 2006 Family Income and Expenditure Survey.

Social Budgeting


Author: Wolfgang Scholz,Krzysztof Hagemejer,Michael Cichon
Publisher: International Labour Organization
ISBN: 9789221108610
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 328
View: 3485
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Social Protection Floors


Author: Isabel Ortiz,Loveleen De,Valerie Schmitt
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781365578847
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 188
View: 8262
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This volume showcases universal old-age and disability pensions as well as universal maternity and child protection schemes in developing countries like Argentina, Bolivia, Cabo Verde, China, Colombia, Lesotho, Mongolia, Rwanda, South Africa, Thailand, Timor Leste and Trinidad and Tobago. The volumes in this ILO series present best country experiences, useful for South-South learning, for practitioners, and to provide the basis for better informed policy-making.

A Philosophical Examination of Social Justice and Child Poverty


Author: G. Schweiger,G. Graf
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137426020
Category: Philosophy
Page: 193
View: 9946
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This book is open access under a CCBY license. This book investigates child poverty from a philosophical perspective. It identifies the injustices of child poverty, relates them to the well-being of children, and discusses who has a moral responsibility to secure social justice for children.

Child Poverty and Inequality

New Perspectives
Author: Isabel Ortiz,Louise Moreira Daniels,Solrun Engilbertsdottir
Publisher: Lulu.com
ISBN: 9781105531750
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 269
View: 2295
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The 21st century starts with vast inequalities for children in terms of income, access to food, water, health, education, housing, or employment for their families. Half of the world's children are below the poverty line of $2 a day and suffer from multiple deprivations and violations to basic human rights. More than 22,000 children die each day, and most of their deaths are preventable. This volume presents some of the critical acknowledged voices to move a necessary agenda forward. It explains multidimensional poverty measurements, describes current trends and presents policies to reduce poverty and inequality. Contributors include Armando Barrientos, Sarah Cook, Andrea Cornia, Sir Richard Jolly, Jomo K.S., Naila Kabeer, Nora Lustig, among many others.

The Age of Migration

International Population Movements in the Modern World
Author: Stephen Castles,Hein de Haas,Mark J. Miller
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 0230366392
Category: Social Science
Page: 420
View: 4209
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This leading text in the field provides a comprehensive assessment of the nature, extent and dimensions of international population movements and of their consequences. Thoroughly revised and updated, the 5th edition assesses the impact of the global economic crisis for migration and includes new material on climate change and migration.

Social Protection for Older Persons

Social Pensions in Asia
Author: Sri Wening Handayani,Babken Babajanian
Publisher: Asian Development Bank
ISBN: 9290927275
Category: Law
Page: 319
View: 7062
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The rising number of older persons in Asia has accentuated the importance of strengthening the systems of social protection in the region. This book examines the effectiveness and relevance of noncontributory or social pensions in supporting older persons in Asia. It discusses the political economy and financial sustainability of social pension reform, implications for gender equity and social rights, and design and implementation challenges. Case studies from Bangladesh, Nepal, Thailand, Viet Nam, and South Caucasus and Central Asia provide key lessons for informing development policy and practice in Asia and the Pacific.

Human Development Report 1994


Author: United Nations Development Programme
Publisher: Human Development Report
ISBN: 0195091701
Category: Developing countries
Page: 226
View: 6378
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Expounds a new concept of human security- one that focuses on the security of people in their homes, in their jobs, in their communities and in their environment.

Poverty and Ethnicity in the UK


Author: Platt, Lucinda
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1861349890
Category: Political Science
Page: 134
View: 2613
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A wide-ranging review of the literature relating to poverty and ethnicity has identified the stark differences in rates of poverty according to ethnic group. This review brings together the available evidence on different aspects of poverty and examines what has been studied in relation to its causes. A free pdf is available at www.jrf.org.uk