Technological Change and Rural Development in Poor Countries

Neglected Issues
Author: Kartik Chandra Roy,Cal Clark
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 177
View: 8743
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Rural development is a subject that appears to be plagued by a central paradox: development is necessary to alleviate rural poverty, but while new technology has raised agricultural output, it has also increased the suffering of millions of poor landless families in many Third World countries. The rural poor, especially women, have been marginalized; urban migrants have become desperate unemployed squatters, not well-paid industrial workers; and environmental degradation has proved severe. The authors argue that many development programmes go awry because the authorities neglect essential development issues. Development must be defined in terms of the provision of basic human needs which include life expectancy, infant mortality, and literacy indicators which reflect the quality of life of the bulk of the population, not just a narrow elite. What they suggest is that the issues neglected by the conventional approach must be addressed if true development is to occur.

FSR paper series


Author: Kansas State University
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agricultural systems
Page: N.A
View: 8791
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Learning and Livelihoods

The Experience of the FSIPM Project in Southern Malawi
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Pests
Page: 58
View: 7772
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Evaluation of Smallholder Agricultural Technology in Malawi


Author: Odinga Arthur Hudson Jere
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agriculture
Page: 220
View: 8075
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Social Sciences and Farming Systems Research

Methodological Perspectives on Agricultural Development
Author: Jeffrey R. Jones
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 285
View: 9154
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Quick Bibliography Series


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agriculture
Page: N.A
View: 2648
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Farming Systems Research, January 1979 - December 1991


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agricultural systems
Page: 49
View: 9378
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El Chasqui

boletín informativo del Departamento de Recursos Naturales Renovables, CATIE.
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Forests and forestry
Page: N.A
View: 5216
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Agrindex


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agriculture
Page: N.A
View: 5780
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Agricultural Research and the Rural Poor

A Review of Social Science Analysis
Author: Stephen Biggs,John Farrington
Publisher: International Development Research
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agricultural innovations
Page: 139
View: 4607
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This book reviews recent trends in social science analysis in agricultural research (SSAAR), identifying gaps in research & outlining areas of high potential payoff to future SSAAR. Major themes treated in the evolution of theory on the generation & diffusion of agricultural technology since the 1950's are reviewed. The authors construct a framework for priority setting that includes historical, technological & institutional dimensions & provide examples of its application. The increasing complexity facing SSAAR as it responds to concerns over poverty & the environment is highlighted in the conclusions. Over 1000 references are classified by major themes in an annex. This review is intended for agricultural scientists, research planners & policy-makers. U.S. orders should be directed to UNIPUB, 4611-F Assembly Drive, Lanham, MD 20706-4391, phone toll free 1-800-274-4888 or Agribookstore, Winrock International (only carry agricultural titles), Rosslyn Plaza, 1611 North Kent Street, Suite 600, Arlington, VA 22209, Phone: (703) 525-9439, Fax: (703) 525-1744. Canadian orders should be sent to IDRC, P.O. Box 8500, Ottawa, Ontario, K1G 3H9, Phone: (613) 236-6163, Fax: (613) 238-7230.

Anthropology Newsletter


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Anthropology
Page: N.A
View: 1361
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Resources in Education


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education
Page: N.A
View: 3892
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Rural women


Author: C.A.B. International
Publisher: North Amer Cab Intl
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 271
View: 4621
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Renewing Innovation Systems in Agriculture and Food

How to Go Towards More Sustainability?
Author: E. Coudel,H. Devautour,C. T. Soulard,G. Faure,B. Hubert
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9086867685
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 235
View: 5064
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Present-day society asks more from agriculture than just the production of food. Agriculture is now required to be concerned with the quality of food, ecosystem services, inclusion of marginalized populations, revitalization of rural territories, energy production, etc. This opening up of the future of agriculture encourages rural actors to experiment with new farming systems, using imagination, creativity and determination to replace dominant models. At the same time, low-cost mass-production systems continue on their way, with promises of a future based on green technologies. In this discussion it is important to consider what kind of sustainable development societies really want. Which innovations will help in achieving these developments? What role can research and public policies play in supporting the emergence of these innovations? This book takes the debate beyond the purely technical options and considers social and institutional innovations as well. It demonstrates that innovation is the result of a confrontation between visions of actors who often have divergent interests. There is no single path towards sustainable development and we must find ways to encourage the emergence and co-existence of different types of agriculture and food systems. The success of transitions will not only depend on our capacity to rethink existing models, but especially on our willingness to embark on a creative learning process from which we will inevitably emerge transformed.

Books in Series


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780835221092
Category: Monographic series
Page: 1756
View: 8660
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Agricultural research for resource poor farmers

a parsimonious paradigm
Author: Robert Chambers,Janice Jiggins,University of Sussex. Institute of Development Studies
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agriculture
Page: 38
View: 3297
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Farming Systems Research into the 21st Century: The New Dynamic


Author: Ika Darnhofer,David Gibbon,Benoît Dedieu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400745036
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 490
View: 1073
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Farming Systems Research has three core characteristics: it builds on systems thinking, it depends on the close collaboration between social and biophysical sciences, and it relies on participation to build co-learning processes. Farming Systems Research posits that to contribute towards sustainable rural development, both interdisciplinary collaborations and local actor engagement are needed. Together, they allow for changes in understanding and changes in practices. This book gives an overview of the insights generated in 20 years of Farming Systems Research. It retraces the emergence and development of Farming Systems Research in Europe, summarises the state-of-the-art for key areas, and provides an outlook on new explorations, especially those tackling the dynamic nature of farming systems and their interaction with the natural environment and the context of action.

Sustainable Intensification in Smallholder Agriculture

An integrated systems research approach
Author: Ingrid Oborn,Bernard Vanlauwe,Michael Phillips,Richard Thomas,Willemien Brooijmans,Kwesi Atta-Krah
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317212002
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 388
View: 7468
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Sustainable intensification has recently been developed and adopted as a key concept and driver for research and policy in sustainable agriculture. It includes ecological, economic and social dimensions, where food and nutrition security, gender and equity are crucial components. This book describes different aspects of systems research in agriculture in its broadest sense, where the focus is moved from farming systems to livelihoods systems and institutional innovation. Much of the work represents outputs of the three CGIAR Research Programs on Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics, Aquatic Agricultural Systems and Dryland Systems. The chapters are based around four themes: the conceptual underpinnings of systems research; sustainable intensification in practice; integrating nutrition, gender and equity in research for improved livelihoods; and systems and institutional innovation. While most of the case studies are from countries and agro-ecological zones in Africa, there are also some from Latin America, Southeast Asia and the Pacific.

The Conversion to Sustainable Agriculture

Principles, Processes, and Practices
Author: Stephen R. Gliessman,Martha Rosemeyer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420003598
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 380
View: 933
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With all of the environmental and social problems confronting our food systems today, it is apparent that none of the strategies we have relied on in the past―higher-yielding varieties, increased irrigation, inorganic fertilizers, pest damage reduction―can be counted on to come to the rescue. In fact, these solutions are now part of the problem. It is becoming quite clear that the only way to keep the food crisis from escalating is to promote the conversion processes that will move agriculture to sustainability. Under the editorial guidance of agroecology experts Martha Rosemeyer and the internationally renowned Dr. Stephen R. Gliessman, The Conversion to Sustainable Agriculture: Principles, Processes, and Practices establishes a framework for how this conversion can be accomplished and presents case studies from around the world that illustrate how the process is already underway. The book provides a four-stage transition process for achieving sustainability and an in-depth analysis of the global efforts to make farms more energy-efficient and environmentally friendly. An international team of chapter contributors explores ways to lessen dependency on fossil fuels and pesticides, and examines each step in the conversion process. They also describe the process of monitoring change toward sustainable agriculture while integrating social and economic analysis within scientific practices. Serving as both a core textbook for students and a comprehensive reference for agricultural practitioners, this volume is a valuable resource for the change that is needed in our food system now and in the future.

Farming Systems of the African Savanna

A Continent in Crisis
Author: A. Ker,International Development Research Centre (Canada)
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 0889367930
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 166
View: 801
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Farming Systems of the African Savanna: A continent in crisis