The Sociology of Healthcare Safety and Quality


Author: Davina Allen,Jeffrey Braithwaite,Jane Sandall,Justin Waring
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119276381
Category: Social Science
Page: 168
View: 5075
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The Sociology of Healthcare Safety and Quality presents a series of research-informed readings on the sociological contributions of technologies, practices, experiences, and organizational quality and safety across a range of healthcare contexts. Represents the first collection of peer-reviewed research articles showcasing ways that sociology can contribute to the ongoing policy concern of healthcare safety and quality Features original contributions from leading experts in healthcare related fields from three continents Reveals the state-of-the art in sociological analyses of contemporary healthcare safety and quality along with future directions in the field Offers sociological insights from the perspectives of managers, clinicians, and patients

A Socio-cultural Perspective on Patient Safety


Author: Emma Rowley,Justin Waring
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9781409408628
Category: Social Science
Page: 223
View: 4925
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This edited volume of original essays brings together researchers from around the world who are exploring the facets of health care organization and delivery that are sometimes marginal to mainstream patient safety theories and methodologies but offer important insights into the socio-cultural and organizational context of patient safety. By examining these critical insights or perspectives and drawing upon theories and methodologies often neglected by mainstream safety researchers, this collection shows we can learn more about not only the barriers and drivers to implementing patient safety programmes, but also about the more fundamental issues that shape notions of safety, alternate strategies for enhancing safety, and the wider implications of the safety agenda on the future of health care delivery. In so doing, A Socio-cultural Perspective on Patient Safety challenges the taken-for-granted assumptions around fundamental philosophical and political issues upon which mainstream orthodoxy relies.

Organizing Patient Safety

Failsafe Fantasies and Pragmatic Practices
Author: Kirstine Zinck Pedersen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137537868
Category: Social Science
Page: 279
View: 2823
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This book examines the organizational consequences of the recent international preoccupation with managing patient safety in the clinic. Built on presuppositions about failsafe system-design, risk elimination, and human fallibility, the patient safety programme introduces new problems and safety threats in clinical practice by devaluing practical forms of reasoning and the trained safety dispositions of clinicians. Developing a pragmatic and more situated stance on patient safety, Pedersen offers an alternative vocabulary that refocuses attention towards the importance of conduct, habits and experience-based learning in delivering safe care. This innovative book will be of great interest to scholars and practitioners of organization and risk studies, health, science and technology studies and the wider social and medical sciences.

The Sociology of Healthcare

A Reader for Health Professionals
Author: Sarah Earle,Gayle Letherby
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 113726585X
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 7684
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A comprehensive collection of classic and contemporary readings in the sociology of health. The Sociology of Healthcare will stimulate debate, reflexive practice and critical thinking in applied sociology and is aimed at the teaching and learning needs of both lecturers and students.

Resilient Health Care, Volume 2

The Resilience of Everyday Clinical Work
Author: Robert L. Wears,Erik Hollnagel,Jeffrey Braithwaite
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472437845
Category: Political Science
Page: 328
View: 6704
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Health systems everywhere are expected to meet increasing public and political demands for accessible, high-quality care. Policy-makers, managers, and clinicians use their best efforts to improve efficiency, safety, quality, and economic viability. One solution has been to mimic approaches that have been shown to work in other domains, such as quality management, lean production, and high reliability. In the enthusiasm for such solutions, scant attention has been paid to the fact that health care as a multifaceted system differs significantly from most traditional industries. Solutions based on linear thinking in engineered systems do not work well in complicated, multi-stakeholder non-engineered systems, of which health care is a leading example. A prerequisite for improving health care and making it more resilient is that the nature of everyday clinical work be well understood. Yet the focus of the majority of policy or management solutions, as well as that of accreditation and regulation, is work as it ought to be (also known as ‘work-as-imagined’). The aim of policy-makers and managers, whether the priority is safety, quality, or efficiency, is therefore to make everyday clinical work - or work-as-done - comply with work-as-imagined. This fails to recognise that this normative conception of work is often oversimplified, incomplete, and outdated. There is therefore an urgent need to better understand everyday clinical work as it is done. Despite the common focus on deviations and failures, it is undeniable that clinical work goes right far more often than it goes wrong, and that we only can make it better if we understand how this happens. This second volume of Resilient Health Care continues the line of thinking of the first book, but takes it further through a range of chapters from leading international thinkers on resilience and health care. Where the first book provided the rationale and basic concepts of RHC, the Resilience of Everyday Clinical Work breaks new ground by analysing everyday work situations in primary, secondary, and tertiary care to identify and describe the fundamental strategies that clinicians everywhere have developed and use with a fluency that belies the demands to be resolved and the dilemmas to be balanced. Because everyday clinical work is at the heart of resilience, it is essential to appreciate how it functions, and to understand its characteristics.

The Safety-Net Health Care System

Health Care at the Margins
Author: Gunnar Almgren, MSW, PhD,Taryn Lindhorst, MSW, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826105726
Category: Medical
Page: 408
View: 715
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"This is the only book currently available that fully addresses all aspects of the safety net for healthcare." Score: 96, 4 Stars--Doody's Medical Reviews "[T]his complex treatment of a complex topic represents a valuable contribution to the health services literature."--INQUIRY "The Safety-Net Health Care System offers a road map to help safety-net providers overcome personal prejudices, understand why certain patients become ìdifficultî or fail to adhere to treatment, and deal with the stress of working in safety-net environments."--Health Affairs A unique and authoritative guide to the US safety-net health care system, this book addresses how various populations and their difficult health and socio-economic issues are dealt with and impacted by the system. Drs. Gunnar Almgren and Taryn Lindhorst, experts in the fields of social work and public health, provide critical, much-needed insight into the safety-net system and how the recession, unemployment, and reform have accelerated its growth. Ideal for graduate students and early professionals in the health professions, this textbook: Includes narratives from patients and caregivers that help readers understand and empathize with the poor, homeless, and other vulnerable populations affected by the safety-net system Discusses various health issues, including: violence, chronic diseases, mental illness, victimization, and substance abuse/addiction Examines overlaps in US public health, social work, nursing, and medical education Analyzes the differences between the populations that depend on safety-net system providers and more advantaged populations that have access to the mainstream health care system

Sociology of health care in Canada


Author: B. Singh Bolaria,Harley D. Dickinson
Publisher: Harcourt Brace
ISBN: 9780774730785
Category: Medical
Page: 562
View: 3296
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Building a Culture of Patient Safety Through Simulation

An Interprofessional Learning Model
Author: Kathleen Gallo, PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN,Lawrence G. Smith, MD, MACP
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826169074
Category: Medical
Page: 232
View: 6074
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"This book provides a dynamic and comprehensive interprofessional approach to building a culture of safety by using simulation across clinical and education spheres in healthcare... This is a comprehensive guide and resource for healthcare organizations, educators, and diverse interprofessional healthcare team members to use to improve patient safety efforts to adapt to the ever-changing, complex world of healthcare. Its practical application is pertinent in transforming the education and practice of medicine, nursing, and other health-related fields... Weighted Numerical Score: 99 - 5 Stars!" Patricia West, MS, BSN Michigan State University College of Nursing Doody's Medical Reviews ì[The authors] have brought together a core group of national leaders to produce what I think is a paradigm-busting book that will help to transform education at the graduate level in medicine, nursing, and all related fields. The book speaks expertly about the high fidelity of simulation training, the need for synthetic models, the adult learning theory behind the debriefÖit is a manifesto about where we must go as an interprofessional team, caring for the patient of the future.î From the Foreword, by David B. Nash, MD, MBA Dean, Jefferson School of Population Health Philadelphia, PA This groundbreaking book reflects the accomplishments of an internationally recognized leader of innovation regarding interprofessional clinical learning through simulation. Based on the North Shore-LIJ Health System corporate university experience, the book describes how this organization used simulation to successfully tackle the major interprofessional health issue of our time: patient safety. This health system created a transformative simulation center that involves nurses, doctors, and related health professionals whose work in clinical teams has resulted in measurable improvements in all aspects of clinical decision-making, critical thinking, teamwork, and communication skillsótoward the ultimate goal of improved patient safety. Key Features: Describes in detail a groundbreaking system of achieving patient safety that uses interprofessional clinical learning through simulation Detailed case studies using concrete methods and examples illustrate the application of theory to practice Presents simulations scalable to any size organization and for use by health care professionals in all specialties Includes theoretical foundations and practical applications for teaching and learning Focuses on interprofessional cooperation and learning

Understanding Patient Safety, Second Edition


Author: Robert Wachter
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071808124
Category: Medical
Page: 320
View: 8165
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Complete coverage of the core principles of patient safety Understanding Patient Safety, 2e is the essential text for anyone wishing to learn the key clinical, organizational, and systems issues in patient safety. The book is filled with valuable cases and analyses, as well as up-to-date tables, graphics, references, and tools -- all designed to introduce the patient safety field to medical trainees, and be the go-to book for experienced clinicians and non-clinicians alike. Features NEW chapter on the critically important role of checklists in medical practice NEW case examples throughout Expanded coverage of the role of computers in patient safety and outcomes Expanded coverage of new patient initiatives from the Joint Commission

Nurses Making Policy

From Bedside to Boardroom
Author: Rebecca M. Patton, DNP, RN, CNOR, FAAN,Margarete L. Zalon, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, FAAN,Ruth Ludwick, PhD, RN-BC, APRN-CNS, FAAN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826198929
Category: Medical
Page: 568
View: 2094
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"There is a plethora of policy books on the market, but none illustrate the steps in the policy process better than this one. The high caliber editors and contributors, all of whom have been involved in policy work, bring years of experience to illustrate the key points... This publication is timely as the shift in healthcare requires input from all health professionals, but especially nurses who are at the frontline of healthcare change and delivery. This outstanding resource will help motivate many more nurses to get involved in the policy process... Weighted Numerical Score: 93 - 4 Stars!"--Doody's Medical Reviews Written by those in the knowñexceptional nurse leaders in practice, education, and politicsñthis is a practical, "how-to" book written to help advanced students and nurse leaders develop health policy skills to advocate for patients from the bedside to the larger political arena. Co-published with the American Nurses Association (ANA), the book examines the pivotal role of nurses' involvement in health policy and describes the requisite steps for facilitating policy changeñfrom understanding the political system through activating a plan and beyond. It features the voices of a wide variety of nurse leaders who discuss policy work both locally and nationally through descriptive case histories. The book discusses those qualities and skill sets that are needed for advocacy at the bedside and other arenas where health policy is determined. It examines the political system and opportunities for nurse involvement, and clarifies the process of identifying issues that need a policy solution. Because citing research is an integral component of health policy solutions, the book describes how research can be used to strengthen policy initiatives. The book guides the reader step by step through the process of creating a work plan and describes the resources needed to accomplish policy change. Activating an action plan and strategies for working with the media are covered, along with the process of taking a leadership role, evaluating outcomes, using policy to eliminate health inequities, and maintaining and expanding momentum. Woven throughout the book are the major themes of ethics, leadership, safety, and the quest for quality of care. The text provides information and perspectives relevant to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) doctor of nursing practice (DNP) Essentials, and includes multimedia electronic links to resources (podcasts, online articles, social network resources, and key political websites) that promote policy research and leadership development. KEY FEATURES: Delineates the steps to becoming a policy advocate in organizational, educational, and political settings Written by noted nurse leaders who describe policy work locally and nationally Presents competencies for nursing policy work derived from the AACN DNP Essentials Focuses throughout on themes of ethics, leadership, quality, and safety Facilitates web use for policy research and development Ancillary materials from the editors are available

Gerioperative Nursing Care

Principles and Practices of Surgical Care for the Older Adult
Author: Dr. Raelene V. Shippee-Rice, PhD, RN,Dr. Susan Fetzer, PhD, RN, MBA,Jennifer V. Long, CRNA, CRNP, MS,Alexandra Armitage, MS, CNL, APRN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826104711
Category: Medical
Page: 640
View: 9908
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"The authors of this book share decades of geriatric perioperative nursing care experience with readers in a thorough, systematic manner....[This book] would be an excellent addition to the library of any health care professional, especially a perioperative nurse, who provides care to older adults."--AORN Journal, the official publication of the Association of Perioperative Registered Nurses "This is a solid, well thought out book. The text has a clarity and focus which enhances understanding of the topics presented. It is particularly notable for crisp reading and uncomplicated, meaningful illustrations. Kudos to the authors for presenting such a medically solid book without losing the art of nursing care or the vision of a well tended patient."--Nursing News This timely volume introduces gerioperative care, a new model of surgical care for the elderly designed to improve surgical outcomes and prevent complications through a focus on communication and relationship-centered care. It is the only book to specifically address the care of older adults undergoing surgery, providing practitioners with critical, practical, and theoretical information from the initial decision to have surgery through the first follow-up visit post-discharge. The text includes the anatomy and physiology of aging, preoperative care, intraoperative and post-anesthesia care, postoperative care, returning home, risk appraisal, education, prevention, early intervention, multidisciplinary team collaboration, and effective communication across all systems of care. Gerioperative Nursing Care is an essential resource for students and practitioners of surgical, critical/acute care, and geriatric nursing, along with clinical and case managers. The tools presented help to sustain and enhance quality nursing care for older adults considering surgery, undergoing surgery, and during post-surgery visits. Key Features Presents a comprehensive new gerioperative care model for older adults undergoing surgery Follows patient from primary to follow up care, including hospital care, ambulatory care, emergency and elective surgery, and perioperative care Applies primary, secondary, and tertiary care concepts to surgery Presents innovative focus on case management, with new care guidelines Provides new applications in preoperative training, family coaching, and post-operative cognitive dysfunction prevention Describes how to make quality improvements in current surgical care practices Identifies and discusses major health problems of older adults through EBP Includes case studies with discussion questions

Families and Their Health Care after Homelessness

Opportunities for Improving Access
Author: Lisa M. Duchon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317776623
Category: Political Science
Page: 170
View: 2917
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First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Healthcare


Author: E. Kuhlmann,E. Annandale
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137295406
Category: Social Science
Page: 535
View: 7238
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An authoritative, state-of-the-art collection that brings together key experts to provide an overview of the field. This new paperback edition includes 3 new chapters on human resources and health, end-of-life care and complementary and alternative medicine as well as thorough updates to the introduction and conclusion.

Crash Course Medical Ethics and Sociology - E-Book


Author: Andrew Papanikitas
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0723437866
Category: Medical
Page: 192
View: 7312
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Medical ethics, sociology and epidemiology rarely arouse one's passion and can, as minor subjects within a busy curriculum, find themselves ignored by vast swathes of students. However, recent times have seen not only a greater general understanding of these subjects but also a greater appreciation of their role within modern medical practice. In addition, these subjects are increasingly appearing in exams and, more importantly, they will crop up in every field and at every level of future working lives. In writing this book, the authors hope to provide a springboard from which students can develop a reasoned ethical approach to dilemmas as and when they present, both within their practice of medicine and in the exam situation. The sociology and public health sections aim to provide key information on the theories and studies that have helped to shape the practice of these disciplines - topics that are all too often unacknowledged by medical students and doctors alike. In doing so, the authors hope to provide the essential facts on these subjects without leaving readers to wade through irrelevant material. It is hoped that all students might begin to enjoy evidence (as well as experience)-based medicine and appreciate its importance regardless of the medical or surgical careers that they pursue. More than 80 line artworks, tables and boxes present clinical, diagnostic and practical information in an easy-to-follow manner Friendly and accessible approach to the subject makes learning especially easy Written by junior doctors for students - authors who understand exam pressures Contains ‘Hints and Tips’ boxes, and other useful aide-mémoires Succinct coverage of the subject enables ‘sharp focus’ and efficient use of time during exam preparation Contains a fully updated self-assessment section - ideal for honing exam skills and self-testing Self-assessment section fully updated to reflect current exam requirements Contains ‘common exam pitfalls’ as advised by faculty Crash Courses also available electronically! Online self-assessment bank also available - content edited by Dan Horton-Szar!

The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Climate and Culture


Author: Karen M. Barbera
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199395926
Category: Psychology
Page: 752
View: 1883
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The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Climate and Culture presents the breadth of topics from Industrial and Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior through the lenses of organizational climate and culture. The Handbook reveals in great detail how in both research and practice climate and culture reciprocally influence each other. The details reveal the many practices that organizations use to acquire, develop, manage, motivate, lead, and treat employees both at home and in the multinational settings that characterize contemporary organizations. Chapter authors are both expert in their fields of research and also represent current climate and culture practice in five national and international companies (3M, McDonald's, the Mayo Clinic, PepsiCo and Tata). In addition, new approaches to the collection and analysis of climate and culture data are presented as well as new thinking about organizational change from an integrated climate and culture paradigm. No other compendium integrates climate and culture thinking like this Handbook does and no other compendium presents both an up-to-date review of the theory and research on the many facets of climate and culture as well as contemporary practice. The Handbook takes a climate and culture vantage point on micro approaches to human issues at work (recruitment and hiring, training and performance management, motivation and fairness) as well as organizational processes (teams, leadership, careers, communication), and it also explicates the fact that these are lodged within firms that function in larger national and international contexts.

Nursing Knowledge and Practice E-Book


Author: Maggie Mallik,Carol Hall,David Howard
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0702037524
Category: Medical
Page: 504
View: 1117
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Nursing knowledge and practice is a comprehensive textbook which forms an ideal basis for foundation nursing students. The core emphasis in the organisation and presentation of knowledge in this third edition remains focused on the in-depth knowledge required by nurses to deliver care in the practice setting. The chapter contents encompass knowledge that applies to all branches of nursing e.g. Communication, Confusion, Aggression and Rehabilitation Safety and Risk, Infection Control, Medicines etc. The structure of all chapters is unique in integrating knowledge from subject areas often taught separately in the nursing curriculum. This enables the foundation student to integrate this range of knowledge in making decisions about the delivery of nursing care to patients/clients in all fields of nursing. Exercises are included to encourage reflection on practice and develop critical thinking skills. It also promotes the expansion of professional knowledge through the development of portfolio evidence. Building on the outstanding success of previous editions the authors have drawn extensively on current best evidence, including research, policy and substantial internet based resources, reflecting UK and international perspectives. • Each chapter begins with an overview of the content and concludes with a summary to help evaluate learning • Case studies reflect the diverse range of client needs and care settings of the four nursing branches and help relate theory to practice • Reflective exercises and suggestions for portfolio evidence, along with decision-making activities, promote reflection on personal experience and links to nursing practice using a problem-based approach • Current research is highlighted throughout, demonstrating the evidence-base for practice decisions. • Key web sites, annotated further reading and references encourage readers to pursue contemporary evidence that underpins competency-based practice. Full colour throughout Content fully updated in line with developments in clinical practice, teaching requirements and the evidence-base Free electronic ancillaries on Evolve enhance the knowledge provided in each chapter with additional information, exercises and resources An introductory chapter on ‘Nursing Knowledge and Practice’ explores the role and context of nursing, nationally and internationally, providing foundation information on core knowledge areas common to all nursing curricula.

Enduring Issues in American Nursing


Author: Patricia D’Antonio, RN, PhD, FAAN,Ellen D. Baer, RN, PhD, FAAN,Sylvia Rinker, RN, PhD,Joan E. Lynaugh, RN, PhD, FAAN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826116321
Category: Medical
Page: 400
View: 8620
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Named an Outstanding Academic Title for 2001 by Choice! "Why turn to the past when attempting to build nursing's future?...To make good decisions in planning nursing's future in the context of our complex health care system, nurses must know the history of the actions being considered, the identities and points of view of the major players, and all the stakes that are at risk. These are the lessons of history." -- from the Introduction This book presents nursing history in the context of problems and issues that persist to this day. Issues such as professional autonomy, working conditions, relationships with other health professionals, appropriate knowledge for education and licensure, gender, class, and race are traced through the stories told in this volume. Each chapter provides a piece of the puzzle that is nursing. The editors, all noted nurse historians and educators, have carefully made selections from the best that has been published in the nursing and health care literature.

The Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness


Author: Gregory L. Weiss,Lynne E. Lonnquist
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780131928404
Category: Social Science
Page: 390
View: 4291
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This reader-friendly book reflects important changes in health care and significant advancements in medical sociology - providing an in-depth overview of the field. It offers solid coverage of traditional topics with a keen focus on the current issues and public policy debates affecting this dynamic area of study.Analysis of a wide range of current issues includes the SARS epidemic, the sociology of mental health, the multidimensional consideration of stressors, the increasing problem of obesity, and contributions of animals to human health.For individuals interested in an overview of the health care system in the United States.

Nursing in Context

Policy, Politics, Profession
Author: Michael Traynor
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137152958
Category: Medical
Page: 184
View: 3984
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Nursing in Context introduces the most important topics and debates for today's nurses and does this with a combination of readability, wit, criticality and sophistication demanded by degree-level students. Providing a critical historical and political insight into the issues that affect nurses - including professional regulation, the 'crisis of care', NHS restructures, whistle-blowing and poor performance – this book explores the development of key concepts in modern professional practice, so that they are more than just buzzwords to be learned and remembered. Drawing on the author's research in nursing and healthcare over the past twenty years, the text offers real-life examples of how politics, policy and practice interact, and ends with a positive picture for the future of nursing from trusted leaders of the profession. Nursing in Context provides students with a graduate-level understanding of what it means to be a nurse today. It is an ideal resource for studying professional issues.

Perioperative Nursing - E-Book

An Introductory Text
Author: Lois Hamlin,Marilyn Richardson-Tench,Menna Davies
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0729578879
Category: Medical
Page: 850
View: 7428
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This new text discusses the roles and responsibilities of those working within the perioperative environment in Australia and New Zealand. It highlights the changing face of perioperative nursing and gives an overview of key concepts including anaesthetic, intraoperative and postanaesthesia recovery care; day surgery and endoscopy. Professional development and medico-legal aspects are also discussed. This is an introductory text which will appeal to a broad market from trainee enrolled nurses; to undergraduate nursing students doing a perioperative clinical placement; to postgraduate students of perioperative nursing. Registered nurses working within or preparing to work within this area, as well as other operating room staff such as anaesthetic technicians will also find this text invaluable.