South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy

The Strategic Role of Platinum Group Metals
Author: Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA)
Publisher: Real African Publishers
ISBN: 1920655700
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 315
DOWNLOAD NOW »
South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy is the publication of a MISTRA research project on the use of strategic minerals in the global putative hydrogen economy. The book highlights the global significance of platinum group metals (PGM) and explores the strategic opportunities that arise out of South Africa's endowment of these strategic resources. From their extraction to their applications in fuel cells, what options are available for the country, the region and the world to better leverage this endowment towards supporting growth and development objectives? In view of their expanding range of applications, do PGM need the hydrogen economy? Conversely, does the hydrogen economy need PGM? Addressed to all industry stakeholders, including those in the public and private sectors, the options explored in this book are based on a thorough analysis of the global dynamics that should inform policy and business models related to PGM.

South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy

The Strategic Role of Platinum Group Metals
Author: The Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection
Publisher: Real African Publishers
ISBN: 1920655689
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 8647
DOWNLOAD NOW »
South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy is the publication of a MISTRA research project on the use of strategic minerals in the global putative hydrogen economy. The book highlights the global significance of platinum group metals (PGM) and explores the strategic opportunities that arise out of South Africa's endowment of these strategic resources. From their extraction to their applications in fuel cells, what options are available for the country, the region and the world to better leverage this endowment towards supporting growth and development objectives? In view of their expanding range of applications, do PGM need the hydrogen economy? Conversely, does the hydrogen economy need PGM? Addressed to all industry stakeholders, including those in the public and private sectors, the options explored in this book are based on a thorough analysis of the global dynamics that should inform policy and business models related to PGM.

The Energy Landscape in the Republic of South Africa


Author: Bruno G. Pollet,Ian Staffell,Kerry-Ann Adamson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331925510X
Category: Science
Page: 54
View: 3892
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A timely overview of the energy landscape in South Africa (RSA) is presented in this Springerbrief. The background and context to the current situation, and analysis of the policies being put forward by the government for the near future are described. Four broad areas are covered: reserves and production of fossil fuels, the electricity sector, the rapidly growing exploitation of renewable energy, and the recent push towards developing an industry around hydrogen and fuel cells. This Springerbrief presents a methodical review of the energy landscape in RSA, covering the general situation, the supply and demand for energy, and the structure of the energy sector (Chapters 1&2). Chapter 3 presents data and analysis of the country’s fossil fuels, electricity generation, and the chemistry of green, future sources of energy, production and the role of industry. Chapter 4 discusses recent developments, including the impact on green jobs and green funds, and Chapter 5 reflects on the policies that have been proposed and their potential implications.

Hydrogen in an International Context:

Vulnerabilities of Hydrogen Energy in Emerging Markets
Author: Ioan Iordache
Publisher: River Publishers
ISBN: 8793379986
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 302
View: 925
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Hydrogen in an International Context: Vulnerabilities of Hydrogen Energy in Emerging Markets describes strategies and developments for hydrogen civilization efforts realised by various stakeholders such as authorities, institutes, research, industry, and individuals, in different countries and at different stages of the development cycle. Through their contributions, the chapter authors in this book propose a new approach to actual and relevant topics of interest, generically called the hydrogen economy and civilization. Hydrogen vulnerabilities is a topic that includes new challenges that face the hydrogen energy market. Weaknesses for the hydrogen stakeholder are becoming more refined, and it is necessary to be an active and sensitive player to understand these. A prosperous development of hydrogen will require the assimilation of numerous, diverse and unfamiliar contexts. Challenges for hydrogen will not only be in scientific, technical, economical or public acceptance, but challenges also lie in the genesis of this topic and the neglect of some aspects, however marginal, which negatively influence the desired hydrogen developed. This book informs the reader about the status of hydrogen energy in the international market, and it includes a series of examples and case studies about hydrogen activities in various countries. Thus, due to the synergy of this library of contexts, the reader should be able to reach a level of intuition enabling them to see the strengths and weaknesses of hydrogen.

Visions of Energy Futures

Imagining and Innovating Low-Carbon Transitions
Author: Benjamin K. Sovacool
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429632509
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 8631
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book examines the visions, fantasies, frames, discourses, imaginaries, and expectations associated with six state-of-the-art energy systems—nuclear power, hydrogen fuel cells, shale gas, clean coal, smart meters, and electric vehicles—playing a key role in current deliberations about low-carbon energy supply and use. Visions of Energy Futures: Imagining and Innovating Low-Carbon Transitions unveils what the future of energy systems could look like, and how their meanings are produced, often alongside moments of contestation. Theoretically, it analyzes these technological case studies with emerging concepts from various disciplines: utopianism (history of technology), symbolic convergence (communication studies), technological frames (social construction of technology), discursive coalitions (discourse analysis and linguistics), sociotechnical imaginaries (science and technology studies), and the sociology of expectations (innovation studies, future studies). It draws from these cases to create a synthetic set of dichotomies and frameworks for energy futures based on original data collected across two global epistemic communities— nuclear physicists and hydrogen engineers—and experts in Eastern Europe and the Nordic region, stakeholders in South Africa, and newspapers in the United Kingdom. This book is motivated by the premise that tackling climate change via low-carbon energy systems and practices is one of the most significant challenges of the twenty-first century, and that success will require not only new energy technologies, but also new ways of understanding language, visions, and discursive politics. The discursive creation of the energy systems of tomorrow are propagated in polity, hoping to be realized as the material fact of the future, but processed in conflicting ways with underlying tensions as to how contemporary societies ought to be ordered. This book will be essential reading for students and scholars of energy policy, energy and environment, and technology assessment.

Renewable energy and the global environment

hearing before the Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and the Global Environment of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, first session, October 30, 2007
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and the Global Environment
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 63
View: 5047
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Concept and Application of Transdisciplinarity in Intellectual Discourse and Research


Author: Hester du Plessis,Jeffrey Sehume,Leonard Martin,Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA)
Publisher: Real African Publishers
ISBN: 1920655352
Category: Social Science
Page: 266
View: 1551
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In the past four decades, transdisciplinarity has gained conceptual and practical traction for its transformative value in accounting for the complex challenges besetting humankind, including social relations and natural ecosystems. The need to develop frameworks for joint problem-solving involving diverse stakeholders is unquestionable. Besides generating inclusivity, which embraces academia, civil society, and policymakers in the public and private sectors, transdisciplinarity allows for the appreciation of phenomena from a multiplicity of angles and affords societies creative ways of seeking solutions to challenges that may appear intractable. This book puts forward alternatives within this arena and attempts to directly respond to the multilayered challenges of diffuse disciplines, interlinked socioeconomic problems, impacts of globalization, technological advancements, environmental concerns, food security, and more.

Making Choices about Hydrogen

Transport Issues for Developing Countries
Author: Lynn Krieger Mytelka,Grant Boyle
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 928081155X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 379
View: 5307
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Since the mid-1990s, the emergence of hydrogen economy and the speed with which it will arrive have been vigorously debated. As a disruptive technology, dominant designs for the production, storage and distribution of hydrogen have not yet been established. Not have performance characteristics been achieved to compete with the existing combustion engine, though the efficiency and durability of hydrogen fuel cells are improving. This publication highlights the uncertainties involved in making choices about hydrogen and fuel cells in planning the development policies on national energy, environment and transport sector.

International Challenge of Climate


Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Environmental Audit Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780215023315
Category: Climatic changes
Page: 313
View: 813
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Committee's report examines the issue of how to tackle climate change in an international context, in light of the fact that the UK will hold both the presidency of the EU and the chair of the G8 this year. Topics discussed include: the impact of global warming and emissions forecasts; the EU emissions trading system; the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol; options for a post 2012 framework; and UK government objectives for 2005.

Averting Global War

Regional Challenges, Overextension, and Options for American Strategy
Author: H. Gardner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230108717
Category: Political Science
Page: 285
View: 7784
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Averting Global War examines major regional disputes and conflicts throughout the world as they impact upon both American domestic and foreign policy. These include: The ongoing _war on terrorism_; NATO enlargement to Russian borders; US intervention in Iraq; US confrontation with Iran; the feud between Israel and the Palestinians; the widening _zone of conflict_ from Central Asia to sub-Saharan Africa; the global ramifications of North Korea_s nuclear program and China_s claims to Taiwan; Venezuela_s _Bolivarian Revolution_ and the _war on drugs_ in Latin America, the domestic socio-political effects of Latin American immigration upon the US. The book_s goal is to articulate an irenic American strategy intended to resolve, or at least transform, a number of these disputes and conflicts so as to prevent them from further _deepening_ or _widening__and to avert the real possibility of major power confrontation involving both clandestine and overt methods of warfare.

Nuclear Production of Hydrogen

Fourth Information Exchange Meeting, Oakbrook, Illinois, United States, 14-16 April 2009
Author: OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
Publisher: Organization for Economic
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 464
View: 6714
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Hydrogen has the potential to play an important role as a sustainable and environmentally acceptable energy carrier in the 21st century. This report describes the scientific and technical challenges associated with the production of hydrogen using heat and/or electricity from nuclear power plants, with special emphasis on recent developments in high-temperature electrolysis and the use of different chemical thermodynamic processes. Economics and market analysis as well as safety aspects of the nuclear production of hydrogen are also discussed.

Blueprint for Action

A Future Worth Creating
Author: Thomas P.M. Barnett
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101652357
Category: History
Page: 464
View: 4908
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Pentagon's New Map was one of the most talked-about books of the year - a fundamental reexamination of war and peace in the post-9/11 world that provided a compelling vision of the future. Now, senior advisor and military analyst Thomas P.M. Barnett explores our possible long- and short-term relations with such nations and regions as Iran, Iraq, and the Middle East, China and North Korea, Latin America and Africa, while outlining the strategies to pursue, the entities to create, and the pitfalls to overcome. If his first book was "a compelling framework for confronting twenty-first century problems" (Business Week), Barnett's new book is something more - a powerful road map through a chaotic and uncertain world to "a future worth creating."

State of the World 2000


Author: The Worldwatch Institute
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610916395
Category: Nature
Page: 268
View: 692
DOWNLOAD NOW »
State of the World 2000 shines a sharp light on the great challenge our civilization faces: how to use our political systems to manage the difficult and complex relationships between the global economy and the Earth's ecosystems. If we cannot build an environmentally sustainable global economy, then we have no future that anyone would desire.

Future Energy

Improved, Sustainable and Clean Options for our Planet
Author: Trevor M. Letcher
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080564879
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 9814
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Future Energy will allow us to make reasonable, logical and correct decisions on our future energy as a result of two of the most serious problems that the civilized world has to face; the looming shortage of oil (which supplies most of our transport fuel) and the alarming rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide over the past 50 years (resulting from the burning of oil, gas and coal and the loss of forests) that threatens to change the world’s climate through global warming. Future Energy focuses on all the types of energy available to us, taking into account a future involving a reduction in oil and gas production and the rapidly increasing amount of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere. It is unique in the genre of books of similar title in that each chapter has been written by a scientist or engineer who is an expert in his or her field. The book is divided into four sections: • Traditional Fossil Fuel and Nuclear Energy • Renewable Energy • Potentially Important New Types of Energy • New Aspects to Future Energy Usage Each chapter highlights the basic theory and implementation, scope, problems and costs associated with a particular type of energy. The traditional fuels are included because they will be with us for decades to come - but, we hope, in a cleaner form. The renewable energy types includes wind power, wave power, tidal energy, two forms of solar energy, bio-mass, hydroelectricity, geothermal and the hydrogen economy. Potentially important new types of energy include: pebble bed nuclear reactors, nuclear fusion, methane hydrates and recent developments in fuel cells and batteries. - Written by experts in the key future energy disciplines from around the globe - Details of all possible forms of energy that are and will be available globally in the next two decades - Puts each type of available energy into perspective with realistic, future options

Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Metal Hydrides


Author: Michael D. Hampton,Dmitry V. Schur,Svetlana Yu. Zaginaichenko,V.I. Trefilov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402007309
Category: Science
Page: 483
View: 2939
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In September, 1999, with the generous support of NATO, scientists from 18 different nations gathered in Katsiveli, Yalta, Ukraine at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Metal Hydrides to present their research and to discuss world energy problems and possible solutions, interactions of hydrogen with materials, the role of hydrogen in materials science, and the chemistry of metal hydrides. High level and highly professional presentations were accompanied by a great deal of discussion and debate of the issues from both fundamental and global perspectives. The result was a large number of new collaborations, new directions, and better understanding of energy and materials issues. The research presented at this meeting can be found in this volume. These papers range from global perspectives such as the new vision of energy and how hydrogen fits into that future, to reviews such as a look at nickel hydride over the last 40 years, to very specific current research. A large number of papers are included on hydrogen and materials. These papers include articles on properties such as superconductivity, diffusion EMF, magnetic properties, physico chemical properties, phase composition, and permeability as a result of the interaction with or incorporation of hydrogen. Also included are papers discussing the use of hydrogen as a processing or alloying agent. The use of hydrogen in the synthesis of battery electrode materials, composite materials, and alloys is also presented.

Preliminary Screening--Technical and Economic Assessment of Synthesis Gas to Fuels and Chemicals with Emphasis on the Potential for Biomass-Derived Syngas


Author: N.A
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1428917438
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 4163
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Oil and Security

A World beyond Petroleum
Author: E.G. Frankel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402063822
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 174
View: 5297
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Increasing petroleum costs, supply uncertainties, political factors, and environmental damage are forcing a radical move towards alternatives. This book provides an up-to-date review of the socio-economic, political, and environmental factors forcing a new approach to global energy developments and use. It reviews alternative fuel and energy conversion technology developments that will help create a cleaner and more secure future.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

A Comprehensive Guide
Author: Rebecca L. Busby
Publisher: PennWell Books
ISBN: 9781593700430
Category: Science
Page: 445
View: 9220
DOWNLOAD NOW »
&Quot;Hydrogen and Fuel Cells: A Comprehensive Guide explains in straightforward language why hydrogen has emerged as an essential area for research and technology development worldwide. This fascinating new book by Rebecca L. Busby explores the forces driving the market for hydrogen-powered fuel cells, as well as the technical and economic barriers that could detail a transition toward hydrogen energy systems. The book reviews hydrogen's history and discusses current and future applications for hydrogen fuel cells, as well as methods of producing, transporting, and storing hydrogen."--BOOK JACKET.

Creativity, Psychology and the History of Science


Author: H.E. Gruber,Katja Bödeker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402034916
Category: Social Science
Page: 548
View: 2770
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Creativity, Psychology, and the History of Science offers for the first time a comprehensive overview of the oeuvre of Howard E. Gruber, who is noted for his contributions both to the psychology of creativity and to the history of science. The present book includes papers from a wide range of topics. In the contributions to creativity research, Gruber proposes his key ideas for studying creative work. Gruber focuses on how the thinking, motivation and affect of extraordinarily creative individuals evolve and how they interact over long periods of time. Gruber’s approach bridges many disciplines and subdisciplines in psychology and beyond, several of which are represented in the present volume: cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, history of science, aesthetics, and politics. The volume thus presents a unique and comprehensive contribution to our understanding of the creative process. Many of Gruber's papers have not previously been easily accessible; they are presented here in thoroughly revised form.

Kyoto Protocol

assessing the status of efforts to reduce greenhouse gases : hearing before the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, October 5, 2005
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 242
View: 9831
DOWNLOAD NOW »