South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy

The Strategic Role of Platinum Group Metals
Author: Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA)
Publisher: Real African Publishers
ISBN: 1920655700
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 1050
South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy is the publication of a MISTRA research project on the use of strategic minerals in the global putative hydrogen economy. The book highlights the global significance of platinum group metals (PGM) and explores the strategic opportunities that arise out of South Africa's endowment of these strategic resources. From their extraction to their applications in fuel cells, what options are available for the country, the region and the world to better leverage this endowment towards supporting growth and development objectives? In view of their expanding range of applications, do PGM need the hydrogen economy? Conversely, does the hydrogen economy need PGM? Addressed to all industry stakeholders, including those in the public and private sectors, the options explored in this book are based on a thorough analysis of the global dynamics that should inform policy and business models related to PGM.

The Energy Landscape in the Republic of South Africa

Author: Bruno G. Pollet,Ian Staffell,Kerry-Ann Adamson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331925510X
Category: Science
Page: 54
View: 4218
A timely overview of the energy landscape in South Africa (RSA) is presented in this Springerbrief. The background and context to the current situation, and analysis of the policies being put forward by the government for the near future are described. Four broad areas are covered: reserves and production of fossil fuels, the electricity sector, the rapidly growing exploitation of renewable energy, and the recent push towards developing an industry around hydrogen and fuel cells. This Springerbrief presents a methodical review of the energy landscape in RSA, covering the general situation, the supply and demand for energy, and the structure of the energy sector (Chapters 1&2). Chapter 3 presents data and analysis of the country’s fossil fuels, electricity generation, and the chemistry of green, future sources of energy, production and the role of industry. Chapter 4 discusses recent developments, including the impact on green jobs and green funds, and Chapter 5 reflects on the policies that have been proposed and their potential implications.

Hydrogen in an International Context:

Vulnerabilities of Hydrogen Energy in Emerging Markets
Author: Ioan Iordache
Publisher: River Publishers
ISBN: 8793379986
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 302
View: 8128
Hydrogen in an International Context: Vulnerabilities of Hydrogen Energy in Emerging Markets describes strategies and developments for hydrogen civilization efforts realised by various stakeholders such as authorities, institutes, research, industry, and individuals, in different countries and at different stages of the development cycle. Through their contributions, the chapter authors in this book propose a new approach to actual and relevant topics of interest, generically called the hydrogen economy and civilization. Hydrogen vulnerabilities is a topic that includes new challenges that face the hydrogen energy market. Weaknesses for the hydrogen stakeholder are becoming more refined, and it is necessary to be an active and sensitive player to understand these. A prosperous development of hydrogen will require the assimilation of numerous, diverse and unfamiliar contexts. Challenges for hydrogen will not only be in scientific, technical, economical or public acceptance, but challenges also lie in the genesis of this topic and the neglect of some aspects, however marginal, which negatively influence the desired hydrogen developed. This book informs the reader about the status of hydrogen energy in the international market, and it includes a series of examples and case studies about hydrogen activities in various countries. Thus, due to the synergy of this library of contexts, the reader should be able to reach a level of intuition enabling them to see the strengths and weaknesses of hydrogen.

Renewable energy and the global environment

hearing before the Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and the Global Environment of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, first session, October 30, 2007
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and the Global Environment
Publisher: N.A
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 63
View: 8733

Concept and Application of Transdisciplinarity in Intellectual Discourse and Research

Author: Hester du Plessis,Jeffrey Sehume,Leonard Martin,Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA)
Publisher: Real African Publishers
ISBN: 1920655352
Category: Social Science
Page: 266
View: 4543
In the past four decades, transdisciplinarity has gained conceptual and practical traction for its transformative value in accounting for the complex challenges besetting humankind, including social relations and natural ecosystems. The need to develop frameworks for joint problem-solving involving diverse stakeholders is unquestionable. Besides generating inclusivity, which embraces academia, civil society, and policymakers in the public and private sectors, transdisciplinarity allows for the appreciation of phenomena from a multiplicity of angles and affords societies creative ways of seeking solutions to challenges that may appear intractable. This book puts forward alternatives within this arena and attempts to directly respond to the multilayered challenges of diffuse disciplines, interlinked socioeconomic problems, impacts of globalization, technological advancements, environmental concerns, food security, and more.

Making Choices about Hydrogen

Transport Issues for Developing Countries
Author: Lynn Krieger Mytelka,Grant Boyle
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 928081155X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 379
View: 7387
Since the mid-1990s, the emergence of hydrogen economy and the speed with which it will arrive have been vigorously debated. As a disruptive technology, dominant designs for the production, storage and distribution of hydrogen have not yet been established. Not have performance characteristics been achieved to compete with the existing combustion engine, though the efficiency and durability of hydrogen fuel cells are improving. This publication highlights the uncertainties involved in making choices about hydrogen and fuel cells in planning the development policies on national energy, environment and transport sector.

Hydrogen Energy Engineering

A Japanese Perspective
Author: Kazunari Sasaki,Hai-Wen Li,Akari Hayashi,Junichiro Yamabe,Teppei Ogura,Stephen M. Lyth
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 4431560424
Category: Science
Page: 593
View: 2638
This book focuses on the fundamental principles and latest research findings in hydrogen energy fields including: hydrogen production, hydrogen storage, fuel cells, hydrogen safety, economics, and the impact on society. Further, the book introduces the latest development trends in practical applications, especially in commercial household fuel cells and commercial fuel cell vehicles in Japan. This book not only helps readers to further their basic knowledge, but also presents the state of the art of hydrogen-energy-related research and development. This work serves as an excellent reference for beginners such as graduate students, as well as a handbook and systematic summary of entire hydrogen-energy systems for scientists and engineers.

International Challenge of Climate

Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Environmental Audit Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780215023315
Category: Climatic changes
Page: 313
View: 1570
The Committee's report examines the issue of how to tackle climate change in an international context, in light of the fact that the UK will hold both the presidency of the EU and the chair of the G8 this year. Topics discussed include: the impact of global warming and emissions forecasts; the EU emissions trading system; the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol; options for a post 2012 framework; and UK government objectives for 2005.

Averting Global War

Regional Challenges, Overextension, and Options for American Strategy
Author: H. Gardner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230108717
Category: Political Science
Page: 285
View: 6632
Averting Global War examines major regional disputes and conflicts throughout the world as they impact upon both American domestic and foreign policy. These include: The ongoing _war on terrorism_; NATO enlargement to Russian borders; US intervention in Iraq; US confrontation with Iran; the feud between Israel and the Palestinians; the widening _zone of conflict_ from Central Asia to sub-Saharan Africa; the global ramifications of North Korea_s nuclear program and China_s claims to Taiwan; Venezuela_s _Bolivarian Revolution_ and the _war on drugs_ in Latin America, the domestic socio-political effects of Latin American immigration upon the US. The book_s goal is to articulate an irenic American strategy intended to resolve, or at least transform, a number of these disputes and conflicts so as to prevent them from further _deepening_ or _widening__and to avert the real possibility of major power confrontation involving both clandestine and overt methods of warfare.

Nuclear Production of Hydrogen

Fourth Information Exchange Meeting, Oakbrook, Illinois, United States, 14-16 April 2009
Author: OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
Publisher: Organization for Economic
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 464
View: 825
Hydrogen has the potential to play an important role as a sustainable and environmentally acceptable energy carrier in the 21st century. This report describes the scientific and technical challenges associated with the production of hydrogen using heat and/or electricity from nuclear power plants, with special emphasis on recent developments in high-temperature electrolysis and the use of different chemical thermodynamic processes. Economics and market analysis as well as safety aspects of the nuclear production of hydrogen are also discussed.

The Hydrogen Economy

The Creation of the Worldwide Energy Web and the Redistribution of Power on Earth
Author: Jeremy Rifkin
Publisher: Tarcher
Category: Political Science
Page: 294
View: 354
The author of The Biotech Century exposes the coming depletion of oil reserves and illuminates the potential of sustainable hydrogen fuel to replace fossil fuels.

Blueprint for Action

A Future Worth Creating
Author: Thomas P.M. Barnett
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101652357
Category: History
Page: 464
View: 1928
The Pentagon's New Map was one of the most talked-about books of the year - a fundamental reexamination of war and peace in the post-9/11 world that provided a compelling vision of the future. Now, senior advisor and military analyst Thomas P.M. Barnett explores our possible long- and short-term relations with such nations and regions as Iran, Iraq, and the Middle East, China and North Korea, Latin America and Africa, while outlining the strategies to pursue, the entities to create, and the pitfalls to overcome. If his first book was "a compelling framework for confronting twenty-first century problems" (Business Week), Barnett's new book is something more - a powerful road map through a chaotic and uncertain world to "a future worth creating."

State of the World 2000

Author: The Worldwatch Institute
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610916395
Category: Nature
Page: 268
View: 8587
State of the World 2000 shines a sharp light on the great challenge our civilization faces: how to use our political systems to manage the difficult and complex relationships between the global economy and the Earth's ecosystems. If we cannot build an environmentally sustainable global economy, then we have no future that anyone would desire.

Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Metal Hydrides

Author: Michael D. Hampton,Dmitry V. Schur,Svetlana Yu. Zaginaichenko,V.I. Trefilov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402007309
Category: Science
Page: 483
View: 6006
In September, 1999, with the generous support of NATO, scientists from 18 different nations gathered in Katsiveli, Yalta, Ukraine at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Metal Hydrides to present their research and to discuss world energy problems and possible solutions, interactions of hydrogen with materials, the role of hydrogen in materials science, and the chemistry of metal hydrides. High level and highly professional presentations were accompanied by a great deal of discussion and debate of the issues from both fundamental and global perspectives. The result was a large number of new collaborations, new directions, and better understanding of energy and materials issues. The research presented at this meeting can be found in this volume. These papers range from global perspectives such as the new vision of energy and how hydrogen fits into that future, to reviews such as a look at nickel hydride over the last 40 years, to very specific current research. A large number of papers are included on hydrogen and materials. These papers include articles on properties such as superconductivity, diffusion EMF, magnetic properties, physico chemical properties, phase composition, and permeability as a result of the interaction with or incorporation of hydrogen. Also included are papers discussing the use of hydrogen as a processing or alloying agent. The use of hydrogen in the synthesis of battery electrode materials, composite materials, and alloys is also presented.

Preliminary Screening--Technical and Economic Assessment of Synthesis Gas to Fuels and Chemicals with Emphasis on the Potential for Biomass-Derived Syngas

Author: N.A
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1428917438
Page: N.A
View: 7473

Oil and Security

A World beyond Petroleum
Author: E.G. Frankel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402063822
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 174
View: 7259
Increasing petroleum costs, supply uncertainties, political factors, and environmental damage are forcing a radical move towards alternatives. This book provides an up-to-date review of the socio-economic, political, and environmental factors forcing a new approach to global energy developments and use. It reviews alternative fuel and energy conversion technology developments that will help create a cleaner and more secure future.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

A Comprehensive Guide
Author: Rebecca L. Busby
Publisher: PennWell Books
ISBN: 9781593700430
Category: Science
Page: 445
View: 1700
&Quot;Hydrogen and Fuel Cells: A Comprehensive Guide explains in straightforward language why hydrogen has emerged as an essential area for research and technology development worldwide. This fascinating new book by Rebecca L. Busby explores the forces driving the market for hydrogen-powered fuel cells, as well as the technical and economic barriers that could detail a transition toward hydrogen energy systems. The book reviews hydrogen's history and discusses current and future applications for hydrogen fuel cells, as well as methods of producing, transporting, and storing hydrogen."--BOOK JACKET.

Creativity, Psychology and the History of Science

Author: H.E. Gruber,Katja Bödeker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402034916
Category: Social Science
Page: 548
View: 1159
Creativity, Psychology, and the History of Science offers for the first time a comprehensive overview of the oeuvre of Howard E. Gruber, who is noted for his contributions both to the psychology of creativity and to the history of science. The present book includes papers from a wide range of topics. In the contributions to creativity research, Gruber proposes his key ideas for studying creative work. Gruber focuses on how the thinking, motivation and affect of extraordinarily creative individuals evolve and how they interact over long periods of time. Gruber’s approach bridges many disciplines and subdisciplines in psychology and beyond, several of which are represented in the present volume: cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, history of science, aesthetics, and politics. The volume thus presents a unique and comprehensive contribution to our understanding of the creative process. Many of Gruber's papers have not previously been easily accessible; they are presented here in thoroughly revised form.

Future Energy

Improved, Sustainable and Clean Options for our Planet
Author: Trevor M. Letcher
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080994229
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 738
View: 9597
As the demand for global energy increases, fact-based evaluations of alternative energy sources are needed in order to address the growing interest in how energy is produced, provided, and transported in sustainable ways. Future Energy, Second Edition provides scientists and decision makers with the knowledge they need to understand the relative importance and magnitude of various energy production methods in order to make the energy decisions needed for sustaining development and dealing with climate change. The second edition of Future Energy looks at the present energy situation and extrapolates to future scenarios related to global warming and the increase of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This thoroughly revised and updated edition contains over 30 chapters on all aspects of future energy, each chapter updated and expanded by expert scientists and engineers in their respective fields providing an unbiased and balanced view of the future of energy. Provides readers with an up-to-date overview of available energy options, both traditional and renewable, as well as the necessary tools to make informed decisions regarding selection, use, and environmental impacts. Covers a wide spectrum of future energy resources presented in a single book with chapters written by experts of the particular field Eleven new chapters including chapters on: solar heating, energy resources in developing nations and frontiers in oil and gas, Arctic drilling and unconventional oil and gas sources, thorium in nuclear fission, ethanol and other options for future transport fuel, fracking, smart grids, new batteries, environmental issues and the energy options for China

U.S.-international climate change approach

a clean technology solution : hearing before the Subcommittee on International Economic Policy, Export and Trade Promotion of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, November 14, 2005
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. Subcommittee on International Economic Policy, Export and Trade Promotion
Publisher: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 75
View: 5898