Space Physics

An Introduction
Author: C. T. Russell,J. G. Luhmann,R. J. Strangeway
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316477827
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 5216
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This textbook, derived from courses given by three leading researchers, provides advanced undergraduates and graduates with up-to-date coverage of space physics, from the Sun to the interstellar medium. Clear explanations of the underlying physical processes are presented alongside major new discoveries and knowledge gained from space missions, ground-based observations, theory, and modelling to inspire students. Building from the basics to more complex ideas, the book contains enough material for a two-semester course but the authors also provide suggestions for how the material can be tailored to fit a single semester. End-of-chapter problems reinforce concepts and include computer-based exercises specially developed for this textbook package. Free access to the software is available via the book's website and enables students to model the behavior of magnetospheric and solar plasma. An extensive glossary recaps new terms and carefully selected further reading sections encourage students to explore advanced topics of interest.

Space Physics

An Introduction to Plasmas and Particles in the Heliosphere and Magnetospheres
Author: May-Britt Kallenrode
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662099594
Category: Science
Page: 482
View: 6401
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Observations and physical concepts are interwoven to give basic explanations of phenomena and also show the limitations in these explanations and identify some fundamental questions. Compared to conventional plasma physics textbooks this book focuses on the concepts relevant in the large-scale space plasmas. It combines basic concepts with current research and new observations in interplanetary space and in the magnetospheres. Graduate students and young researchers starting to work in this special field of science, will find the numerous references to review articles as well as important original papers helpful to orientate themselves in the literature. Emphasis is on energetic particles and their interaction with the plasma as examples for non-thermal phenomena, shocks and their role in particle acceleration as examples for non-linear phenomena. This second edition has been updated and extended. Improvements include: the use of SI units; addition of recent results from SOHO and Ulysses; improved treatment of the magnetosphere as a dynamic phenomenon; text restructured to provide a closer coupling between basic physical concepts and observed complex phenomena.

Physik des erdnahen Weltraums

Eine Einführung
Author: Gerd Prölss
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642188079
Category: Science
Page: 529
View: 6815
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Dieses Buch, das in die Gebiete, Methoden und Ergebnisse der Extraterrestrischen Physik einführen möchte, wendet sich an ein relativ breites Publikum. Vorausgesetzt werden lediglich Grundkenntnisse der Mathematik und Physik, wie sie in den ersten Semestern eines natur- oder ingenieurwissenschaftlichen Studiums erworben werden. Spezielleres Wissen wird im Zusammenhang mit dem jeweils betrachteten Phänomen abgeleitet. Es eignet sich daher sowohl zum Selbststudium für Quereinsteiger als auch vorlesungsbegleitend für alle Studentent der Fachrichtungen Physik, Geophysik, Meteorologie und Astronomie.

Space and Time in Contemporary Physics

An Introduction to the Theory of Relativity and Gravitation
Author: Moritz Schlick
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486442837
Category: Science
Page: 87
View: 7051
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An authoritative early exposition of relativity theory, this reader-friendly book describes the physical doctrines of the special and general theories of relativity in terms of their philosophic significance. A clear, nonmathematical introduction to a complex subject, this book offers readers of all backgrounds a coherent and informative overview. 1920 edition.

Physics of the Earth’s Space Environment

An Introduction
Author: Gerd Prölss
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642971237
Category: Science
Page: 513
View: 1503
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Presents the experimental results while explaining the underlying physics on the basis of simple reasoning and agumentation. Assumes only basic knowledge of of fundamental physics and mathematics as usually required for introductory college courses in science or engineering curricula. Derives more specifics of selected topics as each phenomenon considered ,epmasizing an intuitive over a rigorous mathematical approach. Directed at a broad group of readers and students.

Plasma Physics

An Introduction to Laboratory, Space, and Fusion Plasmas
Author: Alexander Piel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319634275
Category: Science
Page: 463
View: 6997
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The enlarged new edition of this textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the basic processes in plasmas and demonstrates that the same fundamental concepts describe cold gas-discharge plasmas, space plasmas, and hot fusion plasmas. Starting from particle drifts in magnetic fields, the principles of magnetic confinement fusion are explained and compared with laser fusion. Collective processes are discussed in terms of plasma waves and instabilities. The concepts of plasma description by magnetohydrodynamics, kinetic theory, and particle simulation are stepwise introduced. Space charge effects in sheath regions, double layers and plasma diodes are given the necessary attention. The novel fundamental mechanisms of dusty plasmas are explored and integrated into the framework of conventional plasmas. The book concludes with a concise description of modern plasma discharges. Written by an internationally renowned researcher in experimental plasma physics, the text keeps the mathematical apparatus simple and emphasizes the underlying concepts. The guidelines of plasma physics are illustrated by a host of practical examples, preferentially from plasma diagnostics. There, Langmuir probe methods, laser interferometry, ionospheric sounding, Faraday rotation, and diagnostics of dusty plasmas are discussed. Though primarily addressing students in plasma physics, the book is easily accessible for researchers in neighboring disciplines, such as space science, astrophysics, material science, applied physics, and electrical engineering. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and contains substantially enlarged chapters on plasma diagnostics, dusty plasmas and plasma discharges. Probe techniques have been rearranged into basic theory and a host of practical examples for probe techniques in dc, rf, and space plasmas. New topics in dusty plasmas, such as plasma crystals, Yukawa balls, phase transitions and attractive forces have been adopted. The chapter on plasma discharges now contains a new section on conventional and high-power impulse magnetron sputtering. The recently discovered electrical asymmetry effect in capacitive rf-discharges is described. The text is based on an introductory course to plasma physics and advanced courses in plasma diagnostics, dusty plasmas, and plasma waves, which the author has taught at Kiel University for three decades. The pedagogical approach combines detailed explanations, a large number of illustrative figures, short summaries of the basics at the end of each chapter, and a selection of problems with detailed solutions.

Einführung in die Extragalaktische Astronomie und Kosmologie


Author: Peter Schneider
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540305890
Category: Science
Page: 452
View: 6819
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In diesem kompetent geschriebenen Lehrbuch wird, ausgehend von der Beschreibung unserer Milchstraße, die Astronomie der Galaxien und ihrer großräumigen Verteilung eingehend dargestellt und schließlich im kosmologischen Kontext diskutiert. Aufbauend auf eine Einführung in die moderne beobachtende und theoretische Kosmologie wird die Entstehung von Strukturen und astronomischen Objekten im frühen Universum besprochen.

Space Plasma Physics

An Introduction
Author: A. C. Das
Publisher: Alpha Science International, Limited
ISBN: 9788173195754
Category: Science
Page: 329
View: 4969
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The book deals with two principal topics that are closely linked; basic plasma and space physics mostly related to solar system plasma. The first part contains the basic plasma processes.

Introduction to Space Physics


Author: Margaret G. Kivelson,Christopher T. Russell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521457149
Category: Science
Page: 568
View: 6650
DOWNLOAD NOW »
All aspects of space plasmas in the Solar System are introduced and explored in this text for senior undergraduate and graduate students. Introduction to Space Physics provides a broad, yet selective, treatment of the complex interactions of the ionized gases of the solar terrestrial environment. The book includes extensive discussion of the Sun and solar wind, the magnetized and unmagnetized planets, and the fundamental processes of space plasmas including shocks, plasma waves, ULF waves, wave particle interactions, and auroral processes. The text devotes particular attention to space plasma observations and integrates these with phenomenological and theoretical interpretations. Highly coordinated chapters, written by experts in their fields, combine to provide a comprehensive introduction to space physics. Based on an advanced undergraduate and graduate course presented in the Department of Earth and Space Sciences at the University of California, Los Angeles, the text will be valuable to both students and professionals in the field.

An Introduction to Space Weather


Author: Mark Moldwin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139467859
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 4584
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Space weather is an emerging field of space science focused on understanding societal and technological impacts of the solar-terrestrial relationship. The Sun, which has tremendous influence on Earth's space environment, releases vast amounts of energy in the form of electromagnetic and particle radiation that can damage or destroy satellite, navigation, communication and power distribution systems. This textbook introduces the relationship between the Sun and Earth, and shows how it impacts our technological society. One of the first undergraduate textbooks on space weather aimed at non-science majors, it uses the practical aspects of space weather to introduce space physics and give students an understanding of the Sun-Earth relationship. Definitions of important terms are given throughout the text. Key concepts, supplements, and review questions are given at the end of each chapter to help students understand the materials covered. This textbook is ideal for introductory space physics courses.

Physics of Space Plasmas

An Introduction
Author: George K. Parks
Publisher: Westview Press
ISBN: 9780813341309
Category: Science
Page: 597
View: 5360
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This edition includes new observations, new data and expands the theory of kinetic physics.

Symmetries and Group Theory in Particle Physics

An Introduction to Space-Time and Internal Symmetries
Author: Giovanni Costa,Gianluigi Fogli
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642154816
Category: Science
Page: 291
View: 318
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Symmetries, coupled with the mathematical concept of group theory, are an essential conceptual backbone in the formulation of quantum field theories capable of describing the world of elementary particles. This primer is an introduction to and survey of the underlying concepts and structures needed in order to understand and handle these powerful tools. Specifically, in Part I of the book the symmetries and related group theoretical structures of the Minkowskian space-time manifold are analyzed, while Part II examines the internal symmetries and their related unitary groups, where the interactions between fundamental particles are encoded as we know them from the present standard model of particle physics. This book, based on several courses given by the authors, addresses advanced graduate students and non-specialist researchers wishing to enter active research in the field, and having a working knowledge of classical field theory and relativistic quantum mechanics. Numerous end-of-chapter problems and their solutions will facilitate the use of this book as self-study guide or as course book for topical lectures.

An Introduction to Plasma Physics and Its Space Applications, Volume 1

Fundamentals and Elementary Processes
Author: Luis Conde
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1643271741
Category: Science
Page: 130
View: 2810
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The growing number of scientific and technological applications of plasma physics in the field of Aerospace Engineering requires that graduate students and professionals understand their principles. This introductory book is the expanded version of class notes of lectures I taught for several years to students of Aerospace Engineering and Physics. It is intended as a reading guide, addressed to students and non-specialists to tackle later with more advanced texts. To make the subject more accessible the book does not follow the usual organization of standard textbooks in this field and is divided in two parts. The first introduces the basic kinetic theory (molecular collisions, mean free path, etc.) of neutral gases in equilibrium in connection to the undergraduate physics courses. The basic properties of ionized gases and plasmas (Debye length, plasma frequencies, etc.) are addressed in relation to their equilibrium states and the collisional processes at the microscopic level. The physical description of short and long-range (Coulomb) collisions and the more relevant collisions (elementary processes) between electrons' ions and neutral atoms or molecules are discussed. The second part introduces the physical description of plasmas as a statistical system of interacting particles introducing advanced concepts of kinetic theory, (non-equilibrium distribution functions, Boltzmann collision operator, etc). The fluid transport equations for plasmas of electron ions and neutral atoms and the hydrodynamic models of interest in space science and plasma technology are derived. The plasma production in the laboratory in the context of the physics of electric breakdown is also discussed. Finally, among the myriad of aerospace applications of plasma physics, the low pressure microwave electron multipactor breakdown and plasma thrusters for space propulsion are presented in two separate chapters.

Die Ordnung der Zeit


Author: Carlo Rovelli
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644000751
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 6156
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Leben wir in der Zeit oder lebt die Zeit vielleicht nur in uns? Alle theoretischen Physiker von Weltrang, die den großen und kleinen Kräften des Universums nachspüren, beschäftigen sich immer wieder mit der entscheidenden Frage, was Zeit ist. Wenn ihre großen Modelle die Zeit zur Erklärung des Elementaren nicht mehr brauchen, wie kommt es dann, dass sie für unser Leben so wichtig ist? Geht es wirklich ohne sie? Carlo Rovelli gibt in diesem Buch überraschende Antworten. Er nimmt uns mit auf eine Reise durch unsere Vorstellungen der von der Zeit und spürt ihren Regeln und Rätseln nach. Ein großes, packend geschriebenes Lese-Abenteuer, ein würdiger Nachfolger des Welt-Bestsellers "Sieben kurze Lektionen über Physik".

Kurze Antworten auf große Fragen


Author: Stephen Hawking
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608115102
Category: Political Science
Page: 160
View: 9046
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Stephen Hawkings Vermächtnis In seinem letzten Buch gibt Stephen Hawking Antworten auf die drängendsten Fragen unserer Zeit und nimmt uns mit auf eine persönliche Reise durch das Universum seiner Weltanschauung. Seine Gedanken zu Ursprung und Zukunft der Menschheit sind zugleich eine Mahnung, unseren Heimatplaneten besser vor den Gefahren unserer Gegenwart zu schützen. Zugänglich und klar finden Sie in diesem Buch Hawkings Antworten auf die drängendsten Fragen unserer Zeit. - Warum gibt es uns Menschen überhaupt? - Und woher kommen wir? - Gibt es im Weltall andere intelligente Lebewesen? - Existiert Gott? - In welchem Zustand befindet sich unser Heimatplanet? - Werden wir auf der Erde überleben? - Retten oder zerstören uns Naturwissenschaften und Technik? - Hilft uns die künstliche Intelligenz, die Erde zu bewahren? - Können wir den Weltraum bevölkern? - Wie werden wir die Schwächsten – Kinder, Kranke, alte Menschen – schützen? - Wie werden wir unsere Kinder erziehen? Brillanter Physiker, revolutionärer Kosmologe, unerschütterlicher Optimist. Für Stephen Hawking bergen die Weiten des Universums nicht nur naturwissenschaftliche Geheimnisse. In seinem persönlichsten Buch beantwortet der Autor die großen Fragen des menschlichen Lebens und spricht die wichtigsten Themen unserer Zeit an. Zugänglich und klar erläutert er die Folgen des menschlichen Fortschritts – vom Klimawandel bis hin zu künstlicher Intelligenz – und diskutiert seine Gefahren. Hier finden Sie Hawkings Antworten auf die Urfragen der Menschheit. Ein großer Appell an politische Machthaber und jeden Einzelnen von uns, unseren bedrohten Heimatplaneten besser zu schützen.

The Geometry of Physics

An Introduction
Author: Theodore Frankel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521539277
Category: Mathematics
Page: 694
View: 3581
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book provides a working knowledge of those parts of exterior differential forms, differential geometry, algebraic and differential topology, Lie groups, vector bundles and Chern forms that are essential for a deeper understanding of both classical and modern physics and engineering. Included are discussions of analytical and fluid dynamics, electromagnetism (in flat and curved space), thermodynamics, the deformation tensors of elasticity, soap films, special and general relativity, the Dirac operator and spinors, and gauge fields, including Yang-Mills, the Aharonov-Bohm effect, Berry phase, and instanton winding numbers, quarks, and quark model for mesons. Before discussing abstract notions of differential geometry, geometric intuition is developed through a rather extensive introduction to the study of surfaces in ordinary space; consequently, the book should be of interest also to mathematics students. Ideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate students of physics, engineering and mathematics as a course text or for self study.

The Geometry of Physics

An Introduction
Author: Frankel Theodore
Publisher: 清华大学出版社有限公司
ISBN: 9787302073512
Category: Geometry, Differential
Page: 694
View: 6695
DOWNLOAD NOW »


An Introduction to Space Weather, Mark Maldwin, 2008

An Introduction to Space Weather
Author: Cambridge University Press
Publisher: Bukupedia
ISBN: N.A
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 156
View: 9015
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An Introduction to Space Weather Space weather is an emerging field of space science focused on understanding societal and technological impacts of the solar–terrestrial relationship. The Sun, which has tremendous influence on Earth’s space environment, releases vast amounts of energy in the form of electromagnetic and particle radiation that can damage or destroy satellite, navigation, communication, and power distribution systems, and injure or kill astronauts. This textbook introduces the relationship between the Sun and Earth, and shows how it impacts our technological society. One of the first undergraduate textbooks on space weather aimed at non-science majors, it uses practical aspects of space weather to introduce space physics and give students an understanding of the Sun–Earth relationship. Definitions of important terms are given throughout the text. Each chapter contains key concepts, supplements, and review questions to help students understand the materials covered. This textbook is ideal for introductory space physics courses. Mark B. Moldwinis Professor of Space Physics in the Department of Earth and Space Sciences and the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, Los Angeles. His primary research interests are magnetospheric and heliospheric plasma physics, and precollege space science education and outreach activities. Preface In the last few decades our technological civilization has become dependent on satellites for global communication, navigation, and commerce. We have also begun the long journey to explore the Moon, Mars, and our Solar System. This exploration has led to some amazing discoveries about our dynamic Sun and its interaction with Earth. We now know that the Sun is a variable star that expels high-energy particles and deadly radiation continuously out into space. This radiation can impact and destroy technological systems and is one of the major concerns for human space exploration. In the 1990s, the commercial satellite industry boomed, with direct-satellite-to-homeTVmarkets and satellite communication options expanding. In 2000, the satellite communications industry was doing nearly $100 billion per year of business with nearly a hundred new satellites launched each year.With the increased commercial businesses and the reliance of different markets on space, society began to notice when something went wrong in space. Galaxy IV was an operating and profitable communications satellite until May 19, 1998, when, after experiencing weeks of intense radiation generated by the Sun and the Sun’s interaction with the Earth’s space environment, it failed. Galaxy IVcarried the signals of over90%of North America’s pagers and several major broadcast networks, including the US National Public Radio (NPR) and CBS. Without the $200 million satellite, millions of pager messages, NPR radio, and CBS television programs never made it to their intended audience. Radio and TV producers were left scrambling to fill dead-air time and medical doctors and business people found themselves out of contact with their hospitals and clients. In all likelihood Galaxy IV was a victim of a space weather storm. Space storms can not only damage or destroy orbiting satellites, but can also injure or kill astronauts, degrade or blackout certain radio and navigation communications, and cause regional power failures by destroying critical components of electrical power grids.With the continued growth of the satellite communications industry and our growing dependence on wireless communication and instant access to global information, we are becoming more and more susceptible to problems caused by space weather. This textbook introduces the reader to the emerging field of space weather using an approach that is both descriptive and quantitative. The mathematical sophistication of the reader is assumed to be at the level of high-school algebra. Since science is not just a collection of facts, but a process or way of understanding our natural world, the book attempts to answer the question “How do we know that?” by including discussions on the historical development of different concepts. This book was derived from the notes for three undergraduate courses at UCLA – the first a freshman seminar, the second an Honors Collegium course, and the third a general education course for nonscience majors entitled “The Perils of Space: an Introduction to Space Weather” first taught in Fall 2004. Each chapter is divided into two parts: the main text describing space weather topics and supplements describing important physical concepts behind each topic. End-of-chapter problems allow students to delve deeper into aspects of the chapter.Alist of key concepts is given at the beginning of each chapter, and the concepts are in bold in the main body of the text. Readers wishing to understand space weather should familiarize themselves with them. Definitions of important terms, which are given throughout the text, are indicated by bold page numbering in the index. Acknowledgments Students in UCLA’s Introduction to Space Weather course inspired the writing of this textbook. A number of friends and colleagues, including Hamid Rassoul, Chris Russell, Bob McPherron, Margy Kivelson, and Ray Walker, helped me with the book. I am especially indebted to Jeff Sanny for his very careful and thoughtful comments. The book would never have been written without the editorial assistance of Judy Hohl. Her professionalism and enthusiasm for the project made the publication possible. Also instrumental in the formulation of this textbook have been my graduate students (Matt Fillingim, Paul Martin, David Berube, Megan Cartwright, and David Galvan) and post-docs (James Weygand and Endawoke Yizengaw), who helped me combine my passion for research with my love of teaching. Mentors who supported my efforts to combine research and teaching include Jeff Hughes, James Patterson, and Michelle Thomsen. Finally, I would like to acknowledge the support and love of my wife (Patty) and children (Andi and Kyle) during the long process of putting this textbook together.

Einstein's Space-Time

An Introduction to Special and General Relativity
Author: Rafael Ferraro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387699473
Category: Science
Page: 310
View: 3384
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This excellent textbook offers a unique take on relativity theory, setting it in its historical context. Ideal for those interested in relativity and the history of physics, the book contains a complete account of special relativity that begins with the historical analysis of the reasons that led to a change in our view of space and time. Its aim is to foster a deep understanding of relativistic spacetime and its consequences for Dynamics.

Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik


Author: Mikio Nakahara
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662453002
Category: Science
Page: 597
View: 1505
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.