Space Physics

An Introduction
Author: C. T. Russell,J. G. Luhmann,R. J. Strangeway
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316477827
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 4180
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This textbook, derived from courses given by three leading researchers, provides advanced undergraduates and graduates with up-to-date coverage of space physics, from the Sun to the interstellar medium. Clear explanations of the underlying physical processes are presented alongside major new discoveries and knowledge gained from space missions, ground-based observations, theory, and modelling to inspire students. Building from the basics to more complex ideas, the book contains enough material for a two-semester course but the authors also provide suggestions for how the material can be tailored to fit a single semester. End-of-chapter problems reinforce concepts and include computer-based exercises specially developed for this textbook package. Free access to the software is available via the book's website and enables students to model the behavior of magnetospheric and solar plasma. An extensive glossary recaps new terms and carefully selected further reading sections encourage students to explore advanced topics of interest.

Space Physics

An Introduction to Plasmas and Particles in the Heliosphere and Magnetospheres
Author: May-Britt Kallenrode
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662099594
Category: Science
Page: 482
View: 4091
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Observations and physical concepts are interwoven to give basic explanations of phenomena and also show the limitations in these explanations and identify some fundamental questions. Compared to conventional plasma physics textbooks this book focuses on the concepts relevant in the large-scale space plasmas. It combines basic concepts with current research and new observations in interplanetary space and in the magnetospheres. Graduate students and young researchers starting to work in this special field of science, will find the numerous references to review articles as well as important original papers helpful to orientate themselves in the literature. Emphasis is on energetic particles and their interaction with the plasma as examples for non-thermal phenomena, shocks and their role in particle acceleration as examples for non-linear phenomena. This second edition has been updated and extended. Improvements include: the use of SI units; addition of recent results from SOHO and Ulysses; improved treatment of the magnetosphere as a dynamic phenomenon; text restructured to provide a closer coupling between basic physical concepts and observed complex phenomena.

Space Plasma Physics

An Introduction
Author: A. C. Das
Publisher: Alpha Science International, Limited
ISBN: 9788173195754
Category: Science
Page: 329
View: 7692
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The book deals with two principal topics that are closely linked; basic plasma and space physics mostly related to solar system plasma. The first part contains the basic plasma processes.

Space and Time in Contemporary Physics

An Introduction to the Theory of Relativity and Gravitation
Author: Moritz Schlick
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486442837
Category: Science
Page: 87
View: 2553
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An authoritative early exposition of relativity theory, this reader-friendly book describes the physical doctrines of the special and general theories of relativity in terms of their philosophic significance. A clear, nonmathematical introduction to a complex subject, this book offers readers of all backgrounds a coherent and informative overview. 1920 edition.

Physik des erdnahen Weltraums

Eine Einführung
Author: Gerd Prölss
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642188079
Category: Science
Page: 529
View: 7383
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Dieses Buch, das in die Gebiete, Methoden und Ergebnisse der Extraterrestrischen Physik einführen möchte, wendet sich an ein relativ breites Publikum. Vorausgesetzt werden lediglich Grundkenntnisse der Mathematik und Physik, wie sie in den ersten Semestern eines natur- oder ingenieurwissenschaftlichen Studiums erworben werden. Spezielleres Wissen wird im Zusammenhang mit dem jeweils betrachteten Phänomen abgeleitet. Es eignet sich daher sowohl zum Selbststudium für Quereinsteiger als auch vorlesungsbegleitend für alle Studentent der Fachrichtungen Physik, Geophysik, Meteorologie und Astronomie.

Symmetries and Group Theory in Particle Physics

An Introduction to Space-Time and Internal Symmetries
Author: Giovanni Costa,Gianluigi Fogli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642154824
Category: Science
Page: 291
View: 4239
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Symmetries, coupled with the mathematical concept of group theory, are an essential conceptual backbone in the formulation of quantum field theories capable of describing the world of elementary particles. This primer is an introduction to and survey of the underlying concepts and structures needed in order to understand and handle these powerful tools. Specifically, in Part I of the book the symmetries and related group theoretical structures of the Minkowskian space-time manifold are analyzed, while Part II examines the internal symmetries and their related unitary groups, where the interactions between fundamental particles are encoded as we know them from the present standard model of particle physics. This book, based on several courses given by the authors, addresses advanced graduate students and non-specialist researchers wishing to enter active research in the field, and having a working knowledge of classical field theory and relativistic quantum mechanics. Numerous end-of-chapter problems and their solutions will facilitate the use of this book as self-study guide or as course book for topical lectures.

Introduction to Space Physics


Author: Margaret G. Kivelson,Christopher T. Russell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521457149
Category: Science
Page: 568
View: 9292
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All aspects of space plasmas in the Solar System are introduced and explored in this text for senior undergraduate and graduate students. Introduction to Space Physics provides a broad, yet selective, treatment of the complex interactions of the ionized gases of the solar terrestrial environment. The book includes extensive discussion of the Sun and solar wind, the magnetized and unmagnetized planets, and the fundamental processes of space plasmas including shocks, plasma waves, ULF waves, wave particle interactions, and auroral processes. The text devotes particular attention to space plasma observations and integrates these with phenomenological and theoretical interpretations. Highly coordinated chapters, written by experts in their fields, combine to provide a comprehensive introduction to space physics. Based on an advanced undergraduate and graduate course presented in the Department of Earth and Space Sciences at the University of California, Los Angeles, the text will be valuable to both students and professionals in the field.

Plasma Physics

An Introduction to Laboratory, Space, and Fusion Plasmas
Author: Alexander Piel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319634275
Category: Science
Page: 463
View: 3276
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The enlarged new edition of this textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the basic processes in plasmas and demonstrates that the same fundamental concepts describe cold gas-discharge plasmas, space plasmas, and hot fusion plasmas. Starting from particle drifts in magnetic fields, the principles of magnetic confinement fusion are explained and compared with laser fusion. Collective processes are discussed in terms of plasma waves and instabilities. The concepts of plasma description by magnetohydrodynamics, kinetic theory, and particle simulation are stepwise introduced. Space charge effects in sheath regions, double layers and plasma diodes are given the necessary attention. The novel fundamental mechanisms of dusty plasmas are explored and integrated into the framework of conventional plasmas. The book concludes with a concise description of modern plasma discharges. Written by an internationally renowned researcher in experimental plasma physics, the text keeps the mathematical apparatus simple and emphasizes the underlying concepts. The guidelines of plasma physics are illustrated by a host of practical examples, preferentially from plasma diagnostics. There, Langmuir probe methods, laser interferometry, ionospheric sounding, Faraday rotation, and diagnostics of dusty plasmas are discussed. Though primarily addressing students in plasma physics, the book is easily accessible for researchers in neighboring disciplines, such as space science, astrophysics, material science, applied physics, and electrical engineering. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and contains substantially enlarged chapters on plasma diagnostics, dusty plasmas and plasma discharges. Probe techniques have been rearranged into basic theory and a host of practical examples for probe techniques in dc, rf, and space plasmas. New topics in dusty plasmas, such as plasma crystals, Yukawa balls, phase transitions and attractive forces have been adopted. The chapter on plasma discharges now contains a new section on conventional and high-power impulse magnetron sputtering. The recently discovered electrical asymmetry effect in capacitive rf-discharges is described. The text is based on an introductory course to plasma physics and advanced courses in plasma diagnostics, dusty plasmas, and plasma waves, which the author has taught at Kiel University for three decades. The pedagogical approach combines detailed explanations, a large number of illustrative figures, short summaries of the basics at the end of each chapter, and a selection of problems with detailed solutions.

Physics of the Earth’s Space Environment

An Introduction
Author: Gerd Prölss
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642971237
Category: Science
Page: 513
View: 6077
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Presents the experimental results while explaining the underlying physics on the basis of simple reasoning and agumentation. Assumes only basic knowledge of of fundamental physics and mathematics as usually required for introductory college courses in science or engineering curricula. Derives more specifics of selected topics as each phenomenon considered ,epmasizing an intuitive over a rigorous mathematical approach. Directed at a broad group of readers and students.

An Introduction to Space Weather


Author: Mark Moldwin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139467859
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 9999
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Space weather is an emerging field of space science focused on understanding societal and technological impacts of the solar-terrestrial relationship. The Sun, which has tremendous influence on Earth's space environment, releases vast amounts of energy in the form of electromagnetic and particle radiation that can damage or destroy satellite, navigation, communication and power distribution systems. This textbook introduces the relationship between the Sun and Earth, and shows how it impacts our technological society. One of the first undergraduate textbooks on space weather aimed at non-science majors, it uses the practical aspects of space weather to introduce space physics and give students an understanding of the Sun-Earth relationship. Definitions of important terms are given throughout the text. Key concepts, supplements, and review questions are given at the end of each chapter to help students understand the materials covered. This textbook is ideal for introductory space physics courses.

Cosmic Perspectives in Space Physics


Author: S. Biswas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792358138
Category: Science
Page: 495
View: 7981
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This textbook provides an introduction to the fundamentals of space physics and astrophysics and covers the recent progress in various aspects of these fields. In the introductory Chapter 1, a brief historical account of space research is given, followed by short reviews of the space vehicles used and some aspects of the early years of space research. In Chapter 2, the reader is introduced to the discoveries of the radiation belts and the magnetosphere of the Earth. Chapter 3 begins with the phenomena of the quiet Sun, followed by processes in the active Sun (solar flares, radio bursts and X-ray, gamma-ray and neutron emissions). In Chapters 4 and 5, attention is paid to the physical features and properties of large bodies and aggregates in the matter of the solar system, emphasising discoveries obtained from spacecraft. In Chapter 6 solar energetic particles are presented, bringing out their dual role - as a sample of accelerated matter from the Sun and as a sensitive probe of the interplanetary fields in the heliosphere. Chapter 7 presents a discussion on galactic cosmic rays, explaining the basic features and main findings. Highlights of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays and possible origins are included. Chapter 8 presents exciting results of extreme UV, infra-red, X-rays and gamma-rays from space. These are followed by outlines of the new vistas of cosmological problems as revealed by the cosmic background measurements of X-rays, gamma-rays and microwaves. In Chapter 9, the reader is introduced to the physical and dynamical properties of the interstellar medium. This chapter concludes with the astrophysical aspects of the search for the origin of life. In the concluding Chapter 10 some general trends and future directions are briefly presented. The level of presentation is aimed at senior undergraduate students who are familiar with introductory physics. Graduate students will find more advanced topics discussed through their underlying features. Each chapter is followed by a number of problems; solving these will enable students to obtain a good grasp of the topics.

Relativity

An Introduction to Spacetime Physics
Author: Steve Adams
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203018606
Category: Science
Page: 296
View: 3679
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Provides the essential principles and results of special relativity as required by undergraduates. The text uses a geometric interpretation of space-time so that a general theory is seen as a natural extension of the special theory. Although most results are derived from first principles, complex and distracting mathematics is avoided and all mathematical steps and formulae are fully explained and interpreted, often with explanatory diagrams.; The emphasis throughout the text is on understanding the physics of relativity. The structure of the book is designed to allow students of different courses to choose their own route through the short self-contained sections in each chapter. The latter part of the book shows how Einstein's theory of gravity is central to unraveling fundamental questions of cosmology.

The Geometry of Physics

An Introduction
Author: Theodore Frankel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139505610
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
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This book provides a working knowledge of those parts of exterior differential forms, differential geometry, algebraic and differential topology, Lie groups, vector bundles and Chern forms that are essential for a deeper understanding of both classical and modern physics and engineering. Included are discussions of analytical and fluid dynamics, electromagnetism (in flat and curved space), thermodynamics, the Dirac operator and spinors, and gauge fields, including Yang–Mills, the Aharonov–Bohm effect, Berry phase and instanton winding numbers, quarks and quark model for mesons. Before discussing abstract notions of differential geometry, geometric intuition is developed through a rather extensive introduction to the study of surfaces in ordinary space. The book is ideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate students of physics, engineering or mathematics as a course text or for self study. This third edition includes an overview of Cartan's exterior differential forms, which previews many of the geometric concepts developed in the text.

Physics of Space Plasmas

An Introduction
Author: George K. Parks
Publisher: Westview Press
ISBN: 9780813341309
Category: Science
Page: 597
View: 4161
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This edition includes new observations, new data and expands the theory of kinetic physics.

Die Ordnung der Zeit


Author: Carlo Rovelli
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644000751
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 7043
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Leben wir in der Zeit oder lebt die Zeit vielleicht nur in uns? Alle theoretischen Physiker von Weltrang, die den großen und kleinen Kräften des Universums nachspüren, beschäftigen sich immer wieder mit der entscheidenden Frage, was Zeit ist. Wenn ihre großen Modelle die Zeit zur Erklärung des Elementaren nicht mehr brauchen, wie kommt es dann, dass sie für unser Leben so wichtig ist? Geht es wirklich ohne sie? Carlo Rovelli gibt in diesem Buch überraschende Antworten. Er nimmt uns mit auf eine Reise durch unsere Vorstellungen der von der Zeit und spürt ihren Regeln und Rätseln nach. Ein großes, packend geschriebenes Lese-Abenteuer, ein würdiger Nachfolger des Welt-Bestsellers "Sieben kurze Lektionen über Physik".

An Introduction to Hilbert Space and Quantum Logic


Author: David W. Cohen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461388414
Category: Science
Page: 149
View: 5526
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Historically, nonclassical physics developed in three stages. First came a collection of ad hoc assumptions and then a cookbook of equations known as "quantum mechanics". The equations and their philosophical underpinnings were then collected into a model based on the mathematics of Hilbert space. From the Hilbert space model came the abstaction of "quantum logics". This book explores all three stages, but not in historical order. Instead, in an effort to illustrate how physics and abstract mathematics influence each other we hop back and forth between a purely mathematical development of Hilbert space, and a physically motivated definition of a logic, partially linking the two throughout, and then bringing them together at the deepest level in the last two chapters. This book should be accessible to undergraduate and beginning graduate students in both mathematics and physics. The only strict prerequisites are calculus and linear algebra, but the level of mathematical sophistication assumes at least one or two intermediate courses, for example in mathematical analysis or advanced calculus. No background in physics is assumed.

Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik


Author: Mikio Nakahara
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662453002
Category: Science
Page: 597
View: 3282
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Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Einstein's Space-Time

An Introduction to Special and General Relativity
Author: Rafael Ferraro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387699473
Category: Science
Page: 310
View: 8779
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This excellent textbook offers a unique take on relativity theory, setting it in its historical context. Ideal for those interested in relativity and the history of physics, the book contains a complete account of special relativity that begins with the historical analysis of the reasons that led to a change in our view of space and time. Its aim is to foster a deep understanding of relativistic spacetime and its consequences for Dynamics.

Sieben kurze Lektionen über Physik


Author: Carlo Rovelli
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644052212
Category: Science
Page: 96
View: 1553
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Hundert schmale Seiten reichen, um die Physik der Moderne zu erklären Wo kommen wir her? Was können wir wissen? Seit ihren umwälzenden Entdeckungen im zwanzigsten Jahrhundert spüren Physiker den Kräften und Teilchen nach, die die Welt im Innersten und Äußersten zusammenhalten. Für jedermann verständlich, hat Carlo Rovelli dieses zauberhafte Buch darüber geschrieben. Es stürmte in wenigen Wochen an die Spitze der italienischen Bestsellerliste und wird derzeit in fast zwanzig Sprachen übersetzt. In eleganten, klaren Sätzen erklärt Rovelli die Physik der Moderne: Einstein und die Relativitätstheorie, Max Planck und die Quantenmechanik, die Entstehung des Universums, Schwarze Löcher, die Elementarteilchen, die Beschaffenheit von Raum und Zeit – und die Loop-Theorie, sein ureigenstes Arbeitsfeld. Ein Buch, das jeder verstehen kann – ein Lesevergnügen zum Staunen, Genießen und Mitreden können. «Von Natur aus wollen wir immer mehr wissen und immer weiter lernen. Unser Wissen über die Welt wächst. Uns treibt der Drang nach Erkenntnis und lernend stoßen wir an Grenzen. In den tiefsten Tiefen des Raumgewebes, im Ursprung des Kosmos, im Wesen der Zeit, im Schicksal der Schwarzen Löcher und im Funktionieren unseres eigenen Denkens. Hier, an den Grenzen unseres Wissens, wo sich das Meer unseres Nichtwissens vor uns auftut, leuchten das Geheimnis der Welt, die Schönheit der Welt, und es verschlägt uns den Atem.», schreibt Carlo Rovelli.

Das Universum für Eilige


Author: Neil deGrasse Tyson
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446259538
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 559
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Der nach Stephen Hawking prominenteste Astrophysiker des Planeten hat das ultimative Kompendium über den Kosmos verfasst. In Neil deGrasse Tysons Bestseller ist alles versammelt, was wir über das Universum wissen: über Exoplaneten und Dunkle Energie, über Zwerggalaxien und den Urknall. Der Autor begeistert wie kein Zweiter mit funkelndem Witz für die Wunder des Weltalls. Zugleich regt er zum Nachdenken über unseren Platz im Universum an und zu Demut angesichts kosmischer Skalen. Sein „Universum für Eilige“ ist das perfekte Buch für alle, die auf nur 200 Seiten die heutige Astrophysik verstehen – und sich dabei auf hohem Niveau unterhalten lassen möchten.