Speaking in God's Name

Islamic Law, Authority and Women
Author: Khaled Abou El Fadl
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1780744684
Category: Religion
Page: 384
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This challenging new book reviews the ethics at the heart of the Islamic legal system, and suggests that these laws have been misinterpreted by certain sources in an attempt to control women.

Women's Rights and Islamic Family Law

Perspectives on Reform
Author: Lynn Welchman
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781842770955
Category: Religion
Page: 300
View: 3117
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The family is where legal rules presented as part of the Islamic shari`a are most widely applied in the Muslim world. This connection, often differently elaborated by particular social constituencies, can present difficulties to the advocates of law reform. At the same time, the resonance of the issues at which advocacy is targeted creates an opportunity for creative exchange in addressing practical strategies for change. This volume explores the present-day realities of Islamic family law, with particular emphasis on the rights of women, and focusing on law in its living social context as reflected in public opinion and personal experience.Three contrasting country cases have been selected: * Egypt, with a majority Muslim population, the most populous Arab state with a tradition of regional leadership in matters legal, and a constitutional clause on the place of 'principles of the shari`a' as the principal source of legislation * The West Bank and Gaza, also with a majority Muslim population, but with no sovereign power and no national legislation on the issue -- family law here having become a contested site between different visions of national identity in the process of trying to build a Palestinian state* The United States of America, where some in the minority Muslim communities seek to regulate their family relations in accordance with 'principles of the shari`a' within the context of the domestic legal framework of a non-Muslim state applying civil law requirements to all family matters A concluding study ranges further afield in order to explore the challenges and potential of 'principles of shari`a' in advocacy on the question of violence against women. This book makes possible a detailed examination of possibilities of, and constraints on, legal reform in the area of Islamic family law in specific contemporary contexts.

Islam, Frauen und Europa

Islamischer Feminismus und Gender Jihad - neue Wege für Musliminnen in Europa
Author: Ina Wunn,Mualla Selçuk
Publisher: Kohlhammer Verlag
ISBN: 3170270680
Category: Religion
Page: 270
View: 6719
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Die Debatte über "islamischen Feminismus" und "Gender Jihad" gewinnt im europäischen, in den letzten Jahren besonders auch im deutschsprachigen Raum an Intensität und handlungsbezogener Relevanz. Im Kontext des westlichen Feminismus und westlicher feministischer Theologie wird der interkulturelle bzw. interreligiöse Dialog, vor allem auch im Prozess politischer Entscheidungsfindung, immer wichtiger. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes geben einen umfassenden Einblick in diesen Diskurs mit folgenden thematischen Schwerpunkten: Weibliche Koranexegese und Texthermeneutik - Islamischer Feminismus und die Diskussion über soziale und politische Handlungsstrategien - Frauenrechte als Menschenrechte und die Situation der Musliminnen mit und ohne Migrationshintergrund - Formen, Aufgaben und Problem-/Konfliktzonen des interkulturellen und interreligiösen Dialogs.

A New Introduction to Islam


Author: Daniel W. Brown
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444357727
Category: Religion
Page: 360
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The second edition of this student-friendly textbook explores the origins, major features and lasting influence of the Islamic tradition. Traces the development of Muslim beliefs and practices against the background of social and cultural contexts extending from North Africa to South and Southeast Asia Fully revised for the second edition, with completely new opening and closing chapters considering key issues facing Islam in the 21st century Focuses greater attention on everyday practices, the role of women in Muslim societies, and offers additional material on Islam in America Includes detailed chronologies, tables summarizing key information, useful maps and diagrams, and many more illustrations

Islamic Law in Action

Authority, Discretion, and Everyday Experiences in Mamluk Egypt
Author: Kristen Stilt
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191629820
Category: Law
Page: 256
View: 4807
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A dynamic account of the practice of Islamic law, this book focuses on the actions of a particular legal official, the muhtasib, whose vast jurisdiction included all public behavior. In the cities of Cairo and neighboring Fustat during the Mamluk period (1250-1517), the men who held the position of muhtasib acted as regulators of markets and public spaces generally. They traversed their jurisdictions carrying out the duty to command right and forbid wrong, and were as much a part of the legal landscape as the better-known figures of judge and mufti. Taking directions from the rulers, the sultan foremost among them, they were also guided by legal doctrine as formulated by the jurists, combining these two sources of law in one face of authority. The daily workings of the law are illuminated by the reports of the muhtasib in the vivid Mamluk-era chronicles, which often also captured the responses of the individuals who encountered the official. The book is organized around actions taken by the muhtasib in the areas of Muslim devotional and pious practices; crimes and offenses; the management of Christians and Jews; market regulation and consumer protection; the specific markets for essential bread; currency and taxes; and public order. The case studies presented show that while legal doctrine was clearly relevant to the muhtasib's actions, the policy demands of the sultan were also quite significant, and rules from both sources of authority intersected with social, political, economic, and personal factors to create full and vibrant scenarios that reveal the practice of Islamic law.

Islam and Literalism: Literal Meaning and Interpretation in Islamic Legal Theory

Literal Meaning and Interpretation in Islamic Legal Theory
Author: Robert Gleave
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748631135
Category: Religion
Page: 212
View: 3467
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In this reading of Islamic legal hermeneutics, Robert Gleave explores various competing notions of literal meaning, linked to both theological doctrine and historical developments, together with insights from modern semantic and pragmatic philosophers. Literal meaning is what a text means in itself, regardless of what its author intends to convey or the reader understands to be its message. As Islamic law is based on the central texts of Islam, the idea of a literal meaning that rules over human attempts to understand God's message has resulted in a series of debates amongst modern Muslim legal theorists.

Religion and the Death Penalty

A Call for Reckoning
Author: Erik Owens,John D. Carlson,Eric P. Elshtain
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 9780802821720
Category: History
Page: 294
View: 4744
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Series Foreword p. viii Foreword Jean Bethke Elshtain p. x Preface p. xiii Contributors p. xvi Religion and Capital Punishment: An Introduction Erik C. Owens and Eric P. Elshtain p. 1 I Faith Traditions and the Death Penalty 1. Catholic Teaching on the Death Penalty: Has It Changed? Avery Cardinal Dulles, S.J. p. 23 2. Can Capital Punishment Ever Be Justified in the Jewish Tradition? David Novak p. 31 3. The Death Penalty: A Protestant Perspective Gilbert Meilaender p. 48 4. Punishing Christians: A Pacifist Approach to the Issue of Capital Punishment Stanley Hauerwas p. 57 5. The Death Penalty, Mercy, and Islam: A Call for Retrospection Khaled Abou El Fadl p. 73 II Theological Reflections on the Death Penalty 6. Categorical Pardon: On the Argument for Abolishing Capital Punishment J. Budziszewski p. 109 7. Biblical Perspectives on the Death Penalty Michael L. Westmoreland-White and Glen H. Stassen p. 123 8. Christian Witness, Moral Anthropology, and the Death Penalty Richard W. Garnett p. 139 9. Human Nature, Limited Justice, and the Irony of Capital Punishment John D. Carlson p. 158 10. Responsibility, Vengeance, and the Death Penalty Victor Anderson p. 195 III Personal Commitments and Public Responsibilities 11. The Death Penalty: What's All the Debate About? Frank Keating p. 213 12. Reflections on the Death Penalty and the Moratorium George H. Ryan p. 221 13. God's Justice and Ours: The Morality of Judicial Participation in the Death Penalty Antonin Scalia p. 231 14. Why I Oppose Capital Punishment Mario M. Cuomo p. 240 15. Capital Punishment: Is It Wise? Paul Simon p. 248 16. Facing the Jury: The Moral Trials of a Prosecutor in a Capital Case Beth Wilkinson p. 254 17. The Problem of Forgiveness: Reflections of a Public Defender and a Murder Victim's Family Member Jeanne Bishop p. 264 Afterword: Lifting New Voices against the Death Penalty: Religious Americans and the Debate on Capital Punishment E.J. Dionne Jr. p. 277 Index.

Gender and Self in Islam


Author: Etin Anwar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135993521
Category: History
Page: 192
View: 9494
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Using philosophical analysis, this book explores the construction of gender in Muslim societies and its implication to the constitution of the self. The root of the existing discourse of the hierarchical principle is examined as is the extent to which the process of human reproduction, especially the role of women in conception, contributes to an anti-egalitarian theory of gender. The author analyzes the theological, cultural and political apparatus of the masculine conception of femininity and seeks to unfold the process of the alienation of the self from a woman’s sense of individuality, agency, and autonomy. Incorporating traditional Islamic sources, Western feminist texts and Christian texts, Gender and Self in Islam seeks to restructure the contradictory claims of gender hierarchy and egalitarianism and elaborate an alternative set of interpretations that is friendly and inclusive of women.

Alternative Islamic Discourses and Religious Authority


Author: Dr Carool Kersten,Dr Susanne Olsson
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472400534
Category: Religion
Page: 220
View: 6900
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Like anywhere else, the present-day Islamic world too is grappling with modernity and postmodernity, secularisation and globalisation. Muslims are raising questions about religious representations and authority. This has given rise to the emergence of alternative Islamic discourses which challenge binary oppositions and dichotomies of orthodoxy and heterodoxy, continuity and change, state and civil society. It also leads to a dispersal of authority, a collapse of existing hierarchical structures and gender roles. This book further argues that the centre of gravity of many of these alternative Islamic discourses is shifting from the Arabic-speaking 'heartland' towards the geographical peripheries of the Muslim world and expatriate Muslims in North America and Europe. At the same time, in view of recent seismic shifts in the political constellation of the Middle East, the trends discussed in this book hold important clues for the possible direction of future developments in that volatile part of the Muslim world.

Muslims in the United States

The State of Research
Author: Karen Isaksen Leonard
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610443489
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
View: 7133
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As the United States wages war on terrorism, the country's attention is riveted on the Muslim world as never before. While many cursory press accounts dealing with Muslims in the United States have been published since 9/11, few people are aware of the wealth of scholarly research already available on the American Islamic population. In Muslims in the United States: The State of Research, Karen Isaksen Leonard mines this rich vein of research to provide a fascinating overview of the history and contemporary situation of American Muslim communities. Leonard describes how Islam, never a monolithic religion, has inevitably been shaped by its experience on American soil. American Muslims are a religious minority, and arbiters of Islamic cultural values and jurisprudence must operate within the framework of America's secular social and legal codes, while coping with the ethnic differences among Muslim groups that have long divided their communities. Arab Muslims tend to dominate mosque functions and teaching Arabic and the Qur'an, whereas South Asian Muslims have often focused on the regional and national mobilization of Muslims around religious and political issues. By the end of the 20th century, however, many Muslim immigrants had become American citizens, prompting greater interchange among these groups and bridging some cultural differences. African American Muslims remain the most isolated group—a minority within a minority. Many African American men have converted to Islam while in prison, leading to a special concern among African American Muslims for civil and religious rights within the prison system. Leonard highlights the need to expand our knowledge of African American Muslim movements, which are often not regarded as legitimate by immigrant Muslims. Leonard explores the construction of contemporary American Muslim identities, examining such factors as gender, sexuality, race, class, and generational differences within the many smaller national origin and sectarian Muslim communities, including secular Muslims, Sufis, and fundamentalists. Muslims in the United States provides a thorough account of the impact of September 11th on the Muslim community. Before the terrorist attacks, Muslim leaders had been mostly optimistic, envisioning a growing role for Muslims in U.S. society. Afterward, despite a brave show of unity and support for the nation, Muslim organizations became more open in showing their own conflicts and divisions and more vocal in opposing militant Islamic ideologies. By providing a concise summary of significant historical and contemporary research on Muslims in the United States, this volume will become an essential resource for both the scholar and the general reader interested in understanding the diverse communities that constitute Muslim America.

The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities


Author: Amanullah De Sondy
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 178093744X
Category: Religion
Page: 256
View: 2194
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Rigid notions of masculinity are causing crisis in the global Islamic community. These are articulated from the Qur'an, its commentary, historical precedents and societal, religious and familial obligations. Some Muslims who don't agree with narrow constructs of manliness feel forced to consider themselves secular and therefore outside the religious community. In order to evaluate whether there really is only one valid, ideal Islamic masculinity, The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities explores key figures of the Qur'an and Indian-Pakistani Islamic history, and exposes the precariousness of tight constraints on Islamic manhood. By examining Qur'anic arguments and the strict social responsibilities advocated along with narrow Islamic masculinities, Amanullah De Sondy shows that God and women (to whom Muslim men relate but are different from) often act as foils for the construction of masculinity. He argues the constrainers of masculinity have used God and women to think with and to dominate through and that rigid gender roles are the product of a misguided enterprise: the highly personal relationship between humans and God does not lend itself to the organization of society, because that relationship cannot be typified and replicated. Discussions and debates surrounding Islamic masculinities are quickly finding their place in the study of Islam and Muslims, and The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities makes a vital contribution to this emerging field.

Natural Law

A Jewish, Christian, and Islamic Trialogue
Author: Anver M. Emon,Matthew Levering,David Novak
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191016721
Category: Religion
Page: 256
View: 7145
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This book is an examination of natural law doctrine, rooted in the classical writings of our respective three traditions: Jewish, Christian, and Islamic. Each of the authors provides an extensive essay reflecting on natural law doctrine in his tradition. Each of the authors also provides a thoughtful response to the essays of the other two authors. Readers will gain a sense for how natural law (or cognate terms) resonated with classical thinkers such as Maimonides, Origen, Augustine, al-Ghazali and numerous others. Readers will also be instructed in how the authors think that these sources can be mined for constructive reflection on natural law today. A key theme in each essay is how the particularity of the respective religious tradition is squared with the evident universality of natural law claims. The authors also explore how natural law doctrine functions in particular traditions for reflection upon the religious other.

Politische Studien


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political science
Page: N.A
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The First Muslims

History and Memory
Author: Asma Afsaruddin
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 178074448X
Category: Religion
Page: 280
View: 4258
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A fresh look at the origins and development of Islam, this is a fascinating reconstruction of the era of the first three generations of Muslims. Using a wealth of classical Arabic sources, it chronicles the lives of the Prophet Muhammad, his Companions, and the subsequent two generations of Muslims, together known as the "the Pious Forebears" (al-salaf al-salih). Examining the adoption in contemporary times of these early Muslims as legitimizing figureheads for a variety of causes, both religious and political, Afsaruddin tries to establish where their sympathies really lay. Essential reading for anyone interested in the inception of the Islamic Faith, this important book will captivate the general reader and student alike. Asma Afsaruddin is Associate Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana. She is the author of /Excellence and Precedence: Medieval Islamic Discourse on Legitimate Leadership/.

Interpreting the Qur'an

Towards a Contemporary Approach
Author: Abdullah Saeed
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134215916
Category: Religion
Page: 208
View: 4447
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How is the Qur'an - central to all Muslim societies - to be understood today in order to meet the needs of these societies? Abdullah Saeed, a distinguished Muslim scholar, explores the interpretation of the ethico-legal content of the Qur'an, whilst taking into consideration the changing nature of the modern world. Saeed explores the current debates surrounding the interpretation of the Qur'an, and their impact on contemporary understanding of this sacred text. Discussing the text's relevance to modern issues without compromising the overall framework of the Qur'an and its core beliefs and practices, he proposes a fresh approach, which takes into account the historical and contemporary contexts of interpretation. Inspiring healthy debate, this book is essential reading for students and scholars seeking a contemporary approach to the interpretation of the Qur'anic text.

Concilium

Internationale Zeitschrift für Theologie
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Theology
Page: N.A
View: 8761
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Islam and the Rule of Law


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Islamic law
Page: N.A
View: 1136
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Encyclopedia of Islam in the United States


Author: Jocelyne Cesari
Publisher: Greenwood Pub Group
ISBN: 9780313336256
Category: Reference
Page: 1176
View: 8452
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Examines the history, religious practices, theories, and key figures in Islam and how they relate to American religion, culture, society, and politics while essays provides primary documents that reflect different aspects of Islamic culture.

Human Rights and the World's Major Religions: The Buddhist tradition


Author: Peter Jerome Haas
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN: 9780275980450
Category: Religion
Page: 255
View: 2301
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Covering the world's major religions, these five volumes together provide a comprehensive examination of the way these faiths view human rights, from ancient times to the present.

Routledge Handbook of Islamic Law


Author: Khaled Abou El Fadl,Hossein Modarressi,Ahmad Atif Ahmad
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781138803176
Category: Islamic law
Page: 496
View: 1742
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This handbook is a detailed reference source comprising of original articles covering the origins, history, theory and practice of Islamic law. The handbook starts out by dealing with the question of what type of law is Islamic law and includes a critical analysis of the pedagogical approaches to studying and analyzing Islamic law as a discipline. The handbook covers a broad range of issues including the role of ethics in Islamic jurisprudence, the mechanics and processes of interpretation, the purposes and objectives of Islamic law, constitutional law and secularism, gender, bioethics, Muslim minorities in the West, jihad and terrorism. Previous publications on this topic have approached Islamic law from a variety of disciplinary and pedagogical perspectives. One of the original contributions of this handbook is that it treats Islamic law as a legal discipline by taking into account the historical functions and processes of legal cultures and the patterns of legal thought. With contributions from a selection of highly regarded and leading scholars in this field, the Routledge Handbook of Islamic Law is an essential resource for students and scholars who are interested in the field of Islamic Law.