Speaking in God's Name

Islamic Law, Authority and Women
Author: Khaled Abou El Fadl
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1780744684
Category: Religion
Page: 384
View: 479
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This challenging new book reviews the ethics at the heart of the Islamic legal system, and suggests that these laws have been misinterpreted by certain sources in an attempt to control women.

Speaking in God's name

Islamic law, authority and women
Author: Khaled Abou El Fadl
Publisher: Oneworld Pubns Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 361
View: 3163
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This challenging book reviews the ethical foundations of the Islamic legalystem, suggesting that an authoritarian reading of scripture has often hadrave consequences for parts of Muslim society.;Drawing upon both religiousnd secular sources, Islamic legal expert Khaled Abou El Fadl argues thativinely ordained law is frequently misinterpreted by Muslim authorities athe expense of women and oth er groups. Citing a series of injustices inslamic society, from the ban on women driving to the restrictions governingemale clothing, El Fadl's thoughtful and cogent study proposes instead aeturn to the original ethics at the heart of the Muslim legal system.

Women's Rights and Islamic Family Law

Perspectives on Reform
Author: Lynn Welchman
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781842770955
Category: Religion
Page: 300
View: 9756
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The family is where legal rules presented as part of the Islamic shari`a are most widely applied in the Muslim world. This connection, often differently elaborated by particular social constituencies, can present difficulties to the advocates of law reform. At the same time, the resonance of the issues at which advocacy is targeted creates an opportunity for creative exchange in addressing practical strategies for change. This volume explores the present-day realities of Islamic family law, with particular emphasis on the rights of women, and focusing on law in its living social context as reflected in public opinion and personal experience.Three contrasting country cases have been selected: * Egypt, with a majority Muslim population, the most populous Arab state with a tradition of regional leadership in matters legal, and a constitutional clause on the place of 'principles of the shari`a' as the principal source of legislation * The West Bank and Gaza, also with a majority Muslim population, but with no sovereign power and no national legislation on the issue -- family law here having become a contested site between different visions of national identity in the process of trying to build a Palestinian state* The United States of America, where some in the minority Muslim communities seek to regulate their family relations in accordance with 'principles of the shari`a' within the context of the domestic legal framework of a non-Muslim state applying civil law requirements to all family matters A concluding study ranges further afield in order to explore the challenges and potential of 'principles of shari`a' in advocacy on the question of violence against women. This book makes possible a detailed examination of possibilities of, and constraints on, legal reform in the area of Islamic family law in specific contemporary contexts.

Secular and Islamic Feminist Critiques in the Work of Fatima Mernissi


Author: Raja Rhouni
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004176160
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 6302
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This book presents a detailed critical analysis of the work of Fatima Mernissi. Mernissi is considered to be one of the major figures in Feminist thought for both Morocco and Muslim society in general. This work discusses Mernissi's intellectual trajectory from 'secular' to 'Islamic' feminism in order to trace the evolution of so-called Islamic feminist theory. The book also engages critically with the work of other Muslim feminists, using frameworks and approaches developed in the works of Muslim reformist thinkers, namely Mohammed Arkoun and Nasr Abu Zaid, with the aim of engaging the theorization of this emerging Feminism.

American Muslim Women, Religious Authority, and Activism

More Than a Prayer
Author: Juliane Hammer
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 029274272X
Category: Religion
Page: 295
View: 3524
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Following the events of September 11, 2001, American Muslims found themselves under unprecedented scrutiny. Muslim communities in the United States suffered from negative representations of their religion, but they also experienced increased interest in aspects of their faith and cultures. They seized the opportunity to shape the intellectual contribution of American Muslims to contemporary Muslim thought as never before. Muslim women in particular—often assumed to be silenced, oppressed members of their own communities—challenged stereotypes through their writing, seeking to express what it means to be a Muslim woman in America and carrying out intra-Muslim debates about gender roles and women’s participation in society. Hammer looks at the work of significant female American Muslim writers, scholars, and activists, using their writings as a lens for a larger discussion of Muslim intellectual production in America and beyond. Centered on the controversial women-led Friday prayer in March 2005, Hammer uses this event and its aftermath to address themes of faith, community, and public opinion. Tracing the writings of American Muslim women since 1990, the author covers an extensive list of authors, including Amina Wadud, Leila Ahmed, Asma Barlas, Riffat Hassan, Mohja Kahf, Azizah al-Hibri, Asra Normani, and Asma Gull Hasan. Hammer deftly examines each author’s writings, demonstrating that the debates that concern American Muslim women are at the heart of modern Muslim debates worldwide. While gender is the catalyst for Hammer’s study, her examination of these women’s intellectual output touches on themes central to contemporary Islam: authority, tradition, Islamic law, justice, and authenticity.

Reasoning with God

Reclaiming Shari‘ah in the Modern Age
Author: Khaled Abou El Fadl
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442238445
Category: Religion
Page: 556
View: 3912
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In Reasoning with God renowned Islamic scholar Khaled Abou El Fadl explores the role of Shari‘ah in today’s world, for both Muslims and non-Muslims. After a prologue that explains Shari‘ah in depth, Abou El Fadl wrestles with the moral trajectory of contemporary Islam and highlights the way Shari‘ah can revitalize and reengage Islam today.

God's Caliph

Religious Authority in the First Centuries of Islam
Author: Patricia Crone,Martin Hinds
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521541114
Category: History
Page: 164
View: 5554
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This study examines how religious authority was distributed in early Islam. It argues the case that, as in Shi'ism, it was concentrated in the head of state, rather than dispersed among learned laymen as in Sunnism. Originally the caliph was both head of state and ultimate source of religious law; the Sunni pattern represents the outcome of a conflict between the caliph and early scholars who, as spokesmen of the community, assumed religious leadership for themselves. Many Islamicists have assumed the Shi'ite concept of the imamate to be a deviant development. In contrast, this book argues that it is an archaism preserving the concept of religious authority with which all Muslims began.

A New Introduction to Islam


Author: Daniel W. Brown
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444357727
Category: Religion
Page: 360
View: 2878
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The second edition of this student-friendly textbook explores the origins, major features and lasting influence of the Islamic tradition. Traces the development of Muslim beliefs and practices against the background of social and cultural contexts extending from North Africa to South and Southeast Asia Fully revised for the second edition, with completely new opening and closing chapters considering key issues facing Islam in the 21st century Focuses greater attention on everyday practices, the role of women in Muslim societies, and offers additional material on Islam in America Includes detailed chronologies, tables summarizing key information, useful maps and diagrams, and many more illustrations

Islam and Literalism: Literal Meaning and Interpretation in Islamic Legal Theory

Literal Meaning and Interpretation in Islamic Legal Theory
Author: Robert Gleave
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748631135
Category: Religion
Page: 212
View: 8479
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In this reading of Islamic legal hermeneutics, Robert Gleave explores various competing notions of literal meaning, linked to both theological doctrine and historical developments, together with insights from modern semantic and pragmatic philosophers. Literal meaning is what a text means in itself, regardless of what its author intends to convey or the reader understands to be its message. As Islamic law is based on the central texts of Islam, the idea of a literal meaning that rules over human attempts to understand God's message has resulted in a series of debates amongst modern Muslim legal theorists.

Rebellion and Violence in Islamic Law


Author: Khaled Abou El Fadl
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107320143
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 8739
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Khaled Abou El Fadl's book represents the first systematic examination of the idea and treatment of political resistance and rebellion in Islamic law. Pre-modern jurists produced an extensive and sophisticated discourse on the legality of rebellion and the treatment due to rebels under Islamic law. The book examines the emergence and development of these discourses from the eighth to the fifteenth centuries and considers juristic responses to the various terror-inducing strategies employed by rebels including assassination, stealth attacks and rape. The study demonstrates how Muslim jurists went about restructuring several competing doctrinal sources in order to construct a highly technical discourse on rebellion. Indeed many of these rulings may have a profound influence on contemporary practices. This is an important and challenging book which sheds light on the complexities of Islamic law and pre-modern attitudes to dissidence and rebellion.

Religion and the Death Penalty

A Call for Reckoning
Author: Erik Owens,John D. Carlson,Eric P. Elshtain
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 9780802821720
Category: History
Page: 294
View: 2596
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Foreword by Jean Bethke Elshtain This important book is sure to foster informed public discussion about the death penalty by deepening readers' understanding of how religious beliefs and perspectives shape thiscontentious issue. Featuring a fair, balanced appraisal of its topic, Religion and the Death Penalty brings thoughtful religious reflection to bear on current challenges facing thecapital justice system. One look at the list of contributors reveals the significance of this book. Here are recognized leaders from the academy, government, and public life who also represent a wide range offaith commitments, including Jewish, Christian, and Muslim. Like many people of faith and goodwill, the authors disagree with one another, variously supporting retention, reform, orabolition of capital punishment. As a result, the book presents the most comprehensive and well-rounded religiously oriented discussion of the death penalty available. Contributors: Khaled Abou El Fadl Victor Anderson Jeanne Bishop J. Budziszewski John D. Carlson Mario M. Cuomo E. J. Dionne Jr. Avery Cardinal Dulles, S. J. Eric P. Elshtain Richard W. Garnett Stanley Hauerwas Frank Keating Gilbert Meilaender David Novak Erik C. Owens George H. Ryan Antonin Scalia Paul Simon Glen H. Stassen Michael L. Westmoreland-White Beth Wilkinson

Why We Left Islam

Former Muslims Speak Out
Author: Susan Crimp,Joel Richardson
Publisher: WND Books
ISBN: 0979267102
Category: Religion
Page: 183
View: 9981
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Records the testimonies of former Muslims who have left the Islamic faith, recording their reasons for leaving the religion and the consequences that they have faced as a result.

Gender and Self in Islam


Author: Etin Anwar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135993521
Category: History
Page: 192
View: 2844
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Using philosophical analysis, this book explores the construction of gender in Muslim societies and its implication to the constitution of the self. The root of the existing discourse of the hierarchical principle is examined as is the extent to which the process of human reproduction, especially the role of women in conception, contributes to an anti-egalitarian theory of gender. The author analyzes the theological, cultural and political apparatus of the masculine conception of femininity and seeks to unfold the process of the alienation of the self from a woman’s sense of individuality, agency, and autonomy. Incorporating traditional Islamic sources, Western feminist texts and Christian texts, Gender and Self in Islam seeks to restructure the contradictory claims of gender hierarchy and egalitarianism and elaborate an alternative set of interpretations that is friendly and inclusive of women.

Muslims in the United States

The State of Research
Author: Karen Isaksen Leonard
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610443489
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
View: 2980
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As the United States wages war on terrorism, the country's attention is riveted on the Muslim world as never before. While many cursory press accounts dealing with Muslims in the United States have been published since 9/11, few people are aware of the wealth of scholarly research already available on the American Islamic population. In Muslims in the United States: The State of Research, Karen Isaksen Leonard mines this rich vein of research to provide a fascinating overview of the history and contemporary situation of American Muslim communities. Leonard describes how Islam, never a monolithic religion, has inevitably been shaped by its experience on American soil. American Muslims are a religious minority, and arbiters of Islamic cultural values and jurisprudence must operate within the framework of America's secular social and legal codes, while coping with the ethnic differences among Muslim groups that have long divided their communities. Arab Muslims tend to dominate mosque functions and teaching Arabic and the Qur'an, whereas South Asian Muslims have often focused on the regional and national mobilization of Muslims around religious and political issues. By the end of the 20th century, however, many Muslim immigrants had become American citizens, prompting greater interchange among these groups and bridging some cultural differences. African American Muslims remain the most isolated group—a minority within a minority. Many African American men have converted to Islam while in prison, leading to a special concern among African American Muslims for civil and religious rights within the prison system. Leonard highlights the need to expand our knowledge of African American Muslim movements, which are often not regarded as legitimate by immigrant Muslims. Leonard explores the construction of contemporary American Muslim identities, examining such factors as gender, sexuality, race, class, and generational differences within the many smaller national origin and sectarian Muslim communities, including secular Muslims, Sufis, and fundamentalists. Muslims in the United States provides a thorough account of the impact of September 11th on the Muslim community. Before the terrorist attacks, Muslim leaders had been mostly optimistic, envisioning a growing role for Muslims in U.S. society. Afterward, despite a brave show of unity and support for the nation, Muslim organizations became more open in showing their own conflicts and divisions and more vocal in opposing militant Islamic ideologies. By providing a concise summary of significant historical and contemporary research on Muslims in the United States, this volume will become an essential resource for both the scholar and the general reader interested in understanding the diverse communities that constitute Muslim America.

The Search for Beauty in Islam

A Conference of the Books
Author: Khaled Abou El Fadl
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742550940
Category: Religion
Page: 407
View: 5567
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In this updated and expanded edition of The Search for Beauty in Islam, Abou El Fadl offers eye-opening and enlightening insights into the contemporary realities of the current state of Islam and the West. Through a "conference of the books," an imagined conference of Muslim intellects from centuries past, Abou El Fadl examines the ugliness that has come to plague Muslim realities and attempts to reclaim what he maintains is a core moral value in Islam-the value of beauty. Abou El Fadl argues that the rekindling of the forgotten value of beauty is essential for Muslims today to take back what has been lost to the fundamentalist forces that have denigrated their religion.

The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities


Author: Amanullah De Sondy
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 178093744X
Category: Religion
Page: 256
View: 1606
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Rigid notions of masculinity are causing crisis in the global Islamic community. These are articulated from the Qur'an, its commentary, historical precedents and societal, religious and familial obligations. Some Muslims who don't agree with narrow constructs of manliness feel forced to consider themselves secular and therefore outside the religious community. In order to evaluate whether there really is only one valid, ideal Islamic masculinity, The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities explores key figures of the Qur'an and Indian-Pakistani Islamic history, and exposes the precariousness of tight constraints on Islamic manhood. By examining Qur'anic arguments and the strict social responsibilities advocated along with narrow Islamic masculinities, Amanullah De Sondy shows that God and women (to whom Muslim men relate but are different from) often act as foils for the construction of masculinity. He argues the constrainers of masculinity have used God and women to think with and to dominate through and that rigid gender roles are the product of a misguided enterprise: the highly personal relationship between humans and God does not lend itself to the organization of society, because that relationship cannot be typified and replicated. Discussions and debates surrounding Islamic masculinities are quickly finding their place in the study of Islam and Muslims, and The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities makes a vital contribution to this emerging field.

The First Muslims

History and Memory
Author: Asma Afsaruddin
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 178074448X
Category: Religion
Page: 280
View: 3963
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A fresh look at the origins and development of Islam, this is a fascinating reconstruction of the era of the first three generations of Muslims. Using a wealth of classical Arabic sources, it chronicles the lives of the Prophet Muhammad, his Companions, and the subsequent two generations of Muslims, together known as the "the Pious Forebears" (al-salaf al-salih). Examining the adoption in contemporary times of these early Muslims as legitimizing figureheads for a variety of causes, both religious and political, Afsaruddin tries to establish where their sympathies really lay. Essential reading for anyone interested in the inception of the Islamic Faith, this important book will captivate the general reader and student alike. Asma Afsaruddin is Associate Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana. She is the author of /Excellence and Precedence: Medieval Islamic Discourse on Legitimate Leadership/.

Faith and Feminism

Ecumenical Essays
Author: Phyllis Trible,B. Diane Lipsett
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
ISBN: 1611645352
Category: Religion
Page: 224
View: 2083
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Faith and Feminism brings together leading voices in biblical studies, inter-religious encounters, theology and ethics. Originally delivered as part of the Phyllis Trible Lecture Series at Wake Forest University School of Divinity (2003-2013), these essays demonstrate the breadth of feminist interpretation on compelling topics: interpretation of sacred texts; Judeo-Christian and Islamic perspectives; gender and sexuality; race and cultural identity; and ecology and religion. An international group of writers, both established scholars and new voices, contribute. Readers can explore the impact of feminisms on faiths and faiths on feminisms.