Sport and the Transformation of Modern Europe

States, Media and Markets 1950-2010
Author: Alan Tomlinson,Christopher Young,Richard Holt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136660526
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 9470
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In the modern era, sport has been an important agent, and symptom, of the political, cultural and commercial pressures for convergence and globalization. In this fascinating, inter-disciplinary study, leading international scholars explore the making of modern sport in Europe, illuminating sport and its cultural and economic impacts in the context of the supra-state formations and global markets that have re-shaped national and trans-national cultures in the later twentieth century. The book focuses on the emergence and expansion of media markets, high-performance sport’s transformation by, and effects upon, Cold War dynamics and relations, and the implications of the Treaty of Rome for an emerging European identity in sport as in other areas (for example, the influence of soccer’s governing body in Europe, UEFA, and its club and international competitions). It traces the connections between the forces of ideological division, economic growth, leisure consumption, European integration and the development of European sport, and examines the role of sport in the changing relationship between Europe and the US. Illuminating a key moment in global cultural history, this book is important reading for any student or scholar working in international studies, modern history or sport.

Body and Mind

Sport in Europe from the Roman Empire to the Renaissance
Author: John McClelland
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135773246
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 208
View: 5155
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This is the first book to address the gap in the literature linking the physical culture of the ancient world with the beginnings of modern sport, this original book traces the history of the evolution of a variety of sport, games and physical education from 450-1650AD across Western Europe. Drawing on primary sources, this book takes a thematic approach, looking at the changing nature of geopolitical structures, educational systems, religious institutions and the practice of warfare and medicine and goes on to trace the disappearance of ancient physical culture with its gymnasia, gladiators and chariot races, the invention of a new physical culture based on chivalry around 1000AD, the transformation of that culture in the Renaissance, and its disappearance around 1650 under the influences of new science. Offering a new and original perspective on the relationship between sport and society, this unique study will be of great interest to all historians of sport and culture.

The Culture and Sport of Skiing

From Antiquity to World War II
Author: E. John B. Allen
Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press
ISBN: 1558496017
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 384
View: 727
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A comprehensive history of skiing from its earliest origins to the outbreak of World War II, this book traces the transformation of what for centuries remained an exclusively utilitarian practice into the exhilarating modern sport we know today. E. John B. Allen places particular emphasis on the impact of culture on the development of skiing, from the influence of Norwegian nationalism to the role of the military in countries as far removed as Austria, India, and Japan. Although the focus is on Europe, Allen's analysis ranges all over the snow-covered world, from Algeria to China to Zakopane. He also discusses the participation of women and children in what for much of its history remained a male-dominated sport. Of all the individuals who contributed to the modernization of skiing before World War II, Allen identifies three who were especially influential: Fridtjof Nansen of Norway, whose explorations on skis paradoxically inspired the idea of skiing as sport; Arnold Lunn of England, whose invention of downhill skiing and the slalom were foundations of the sport's globalization; and Hannes Schneider, whose teachings introduced both speed and safety into the sport. Underscoring the extent to which ancient ways persisted despite modernization, the book ends with the Russo-Finnish War, a conflict in which the Finns, using equipment that would have been familiar a thousand years before, were able to maneuver in snow that had brought the mechanized Soviet army to a halt. More than fifty images not only illustrate this rich history but provide further opportunity for analysis of its cultural significance.

Understanding Sports Culture


Author: Tony Schirato
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1848607466
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 160
View: 2594
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"In only 138 pages of text he manages a broad sweep across sports history and culture... Schirato brings the eye of a critical fan to his analysis of sport - he treats it seriously as a social practice and as a social institution... [He] achieves his aims by providing a useful, provocative and non-dogmatic text that should be useful to undergraduate and graduate sport studies programmes." - Malcolm MacLean, Sport in History "A particular strength of Understanding Sports Culture is the author's ability to meet the claim for breadth of student readership. The book is clearly structured, flagging from the outset a journey from ancient sporting times and the assumed human need of play to the development of modern and ultimately global and highly commercialized sporting cultures." - John Hughson, European Journal of Cultural Studies ?Understanding Sport Culture traces and analyzes the development of the modern field of sport from its ancient and medieval precursors (the festivals of Greece and Rome, and games such as folk football), through to its inception in the mid-nineteenth century as a set of activities designed to instill character and discipline in students in exclusive British public schools, up to its transformation into a global institution and popular spectacle. The narrative also focuses on and provides a detailed account of the gradual coming together of sport and the media. It explains how this relationship has accentuated sport's status as one of the most important sites in contemporary culture, while simultaneously threatening its existence. As part of the Understanding Contemporary Culture series this book is aimed at a broad range of students from undergraduate to graduate level, who want to know more and be fully informed on sport, its relationship to the media, and its cultural dynamics.

Sport and the British

A Modern History
Author: Richard Holt
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780192852298
Category: Religion
Page: 396
View: 8891
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This lively and thoroughly researched history - the first of its kind - goes beyond the great names and moments to explain how organized sport has changed since 1800, and why it holds such a special place in the lives of Britons of all classes. Combining illuminating and entertaining anecdotes with scholarly insight, this fascinating survey will increase an understanding of the British obsession with sport among sports lovers and loathers alike.

Sport, Militarism and the Great War

Martial Manliness and Armageddon
Author: Thierry Terret,J. A. Mangan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135760888
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 312
View: 4580
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The Great War has been largely ignored by historians of sport. However sport was an integral part of cultural conditioning into both physiological and psychological military efficiency in the decades leading up to it. It is time to acknowledge that the Great War also had an influence on sport in post-war European culture. Both are neglected topics. Sport, Militarism and the Great War deals with four significant aspects of the relationship between sport and war before, during and immediately after the 1914-1918 conflict. First, it explores the creation and consolidation of the cult of martial heroism and chivalric self-sacrifice in the pre-war era. Second, it examines the consequences of the mingling of soldiers from various nations on later sport. Third, it considers the role of the Great War in the transformation of the leisure of the masses. Finally, it examines the links between war, sport and male socialisation. The Great War contributed to a redefinition of European masculinity in the post-war period. The part sport played in this redefinition receives attention. Sport, Militarism and the Great War is in two parts: the Continental (Part I) and the "Anglo-Saxon" (Part II). No study has adopted this bilateral approach to date. Thus, in conception and execution, it is original. With its originality of content and the approaching centenary of the advent of the Great War in 2014, it is anticipated that the book will capture a wide audience. This book was originally published as a special issue of The International Journal of the History of Sport.

Sport and Physical Education: The Key Concepts


Author: Tim Chandler,Wray Vamplew,Mike Cronin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134114559
Category: Education
Page: 288
View: 945
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An accessible and fully cross-referenced A-Z guide, this book has been written specifically for students of sport studies and physical education, introducing basic terms and concepts. Entries cover such diverse subjects as coaching, drug testing, hooliganism, cultural imperialism, economics, gay games, amateurism, extreme sports, exercise physiology and Olympism. This revised second edition, including fully updated further reading and web references, places a greater emphasis on sports science, with new entries on subjects such as: aerobic and anaerobic respiration blood pressure body composition cardiac output metabolism physical capacity. A complete guide to the disciplines, themes, topics and concerns current in contemporary sport, this book is an invaluable resource for students at every level studying Sport and Physical Education.

The Transformation of European Football

Towards the Europeanisation of the National Game
Author: Arne Niemann,Borja Garcia,Wyn Grant
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719085758
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 3869
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The book examines the transformation of European football in recent years by focusing on the impact of Europe in general and the EU in particular on the way that the game has evolved in a broad cross section of European states. The book brings together two significant research agendas: first, that on the governance of sport in Europe/the European Union; secondly, that within European integration studies on "Europeanization" (most commonly understood at the process of change in the domestic arena resulting from European integration). The concept of Europeanization and in particular top down Europeanization is used to shape the individual country case studies. Other transformational factors such as globalization are also assessed.The three chapters in the introductory section set the context within which the transformation of European football has occurred with particular emphasis on the role of UEFA and EU institutions. The ten country studies in the central part of the book include the five leading football nations in Europe and smaller countries that are facing new challenges in the competitive environment of modern European football. They include an example of a country that is a recent accession state and one outside the EU. What emerges from these chapters is both the shaping influence of Europeanization but also the extent to which it is countered and modified by national culture and structures. What is also noticeable the sense of decline among some of the small and even larger footballing nations in the continent.This book will be of interest to students of European politics, sports governance and football, it also represents a substantial contribution to the debate on Europeanization.

Football and Accelerated Culture

This Modern Sporting Life
Author: Steve Redhead
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317411544
Category: Social Science
Page: 124
View: 9052
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In Football and Accelerated Culture, Steve Redhead offers a new and challenging theorisation of global football culture, exploring the relationship between sport and culture in a rapidly shifting world. Incorporating cutting-edge concepts, from accelerated culture and claustropolitanism to non-postmodernity, he reflects on the demise of working class football cultures and the rapid media globalisation of ‘the people’s game’. Drawing on international empirical research and a unique and ground-breaking study of football hooligan memoirs, the book delves into a wide array of disciplines, examining fascinating topics such as the relationship between music and football; hooligans and ultras; the rise of social media and anti-modern football movements; and ultra-realist criminology. Football and Accelerated Culture offers a new way of thinking about sporting cultures that expands the boundaries of physical cultural studies. As such, it is important reading for anybody with an interest in the culture of sport and leisure, social theory, communication studies, criminology or socio-legal studies.

Sports and Games of the 18th and 19th Centuries


Author: Robert Crego
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313316104
Category: History
Page: 274
View: 3660
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Examines the role of sports and games in everyday life around the world in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

The Making of New Zealand Cricket, 1832-1914


Author: Greg Ryan
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0714684821
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 257
View: 3682
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This book examines the emergence and growth of cricket in relation to diverse patterns of European settlement in New Zealand - such as the systematic colonization schemes of Edward Gibbon Wakefield and the gold discoveries of the 1860s. This book examines the emergence and growth of cricket in relation to diverse patterns of European settlement in New Zealand - such as the systematic colonization schemes of Edward Gibbon Wakefield and the gold discoveries of the 1860s.

Sport Across Asia

Politics, Cultures, and Identities
Author: Katrin Bromber,Birgit Krawietz,Joseph Maguire
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135114315
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 256
View: 9257
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This book is designed to reflect both our current knowledge regarding sport, globalisation and ‘"encounters" with several important "post-colonial" or non-western societies and to draw together scholars from a range of different disciplines. Case studies of cultural encounters in Central, South-East Asia, Asia Minor and the Arabian peninsula capture the paradoxical processes of emulation, resistance and transformation that are at work in the diffusion and development of "sport" and body cultures. These case studies bring together insights from anthropology, cultural studies, geography, history, law, sociology, various area and post-colonial studies.

Physical Culture and Sport in Soviet Society

Propaganda, Acculturation, and Transformation in the 1920s and 1930s
Author: Susan Grant
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 041580695X
Category: History
Page: 261
View: 2692
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From its very inception the Soviet state valued the merits and benefits of physical culture, which included not only sport but also health, hygiene, education, labour and defence. Physical culture propaganda was directed at the Soviet population, and even more particularly at young people, women and peasants, with the aim of transforming them into ideal citizens. By using physical culture and sport to assess social, cultural and political developments within the Soviet Union, this book provides a new addition to the historiography of the 1920s and 1930s as well as to general sports history studies.

Routledge Handbook of Sport and Legacy

Meeting the Challenge of Major Sports Events
Author: Richard Holt,Dino Ruta
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136477586
Category: Architecture
Page: 392
View: 2390
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What remains of a great sporting spectacle after the last race is run or the final match is played? How can the vast expense of mounting such events be justified? What if there is nothing left behind or what if the legacy is negative, a costly infrastructure which is unused or a debt-ridden host city? The Routledge Handbook of Sport and Legacy addresses perhaps the most important issue in the hosting of major contemporary sporting events: the problem of ‘legacy’. It offers a rigorous, innovative and comparative insight into this contested concept from interdisciplinary and practical perspectives. Major events must now have a conscious, credible and defined policy for legacy to meet public expectations. The book provides a comprehensive survey of the various kinds of legacy that can be delivered, as well as a close examination of the potential benefits and practical challenges involved in each. From ‘hard’ legacies, such as stadia and infrastructure, to ‘soft’ legacies including skill development, attitude change and capacity building, the book offers both a historical case study and an innovative strategic management approach, and establishes the limits of what can realistically be achieved in terms of economic, social, cultural, physical and sporting development. The Routledge Handbook of Sport and Legacy includes contributions from world leading scholars and practitioners and features detailed case studies of major sports events from around the world, including the FIFA World Cup and ten Olympics Games from London in 1908 to London 2012. It is invaluable reading for students and researchers working in sport studies, events management, human geography, economics or planning, and an essential reference for any professional engaged in delivering legacy through sport.

Church and Religion in Contemporary Europe

Results from Empirical and Comparative Research
Author: Gert Pickel,Olaf Müller
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 353191989X
Category: Social Science
Page: 204
View: 3291
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Football Goes East

Business, Culture and the People's Game in East Asia
Author: John Horne,Professor of Modern European History John Horne,Wolfram Manzenreiter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134365586
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 9906
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Global popular culture and big business have revolutionised the East in a generation. Football, Sport of the masses and now commercial super power, has travelled with this tide of change in the East in its own right. The development of football as a major participatory sport in Japan, Korea and China makes it an ideal case study for analysis of the complex relationship between sport, culture, society and economy in the East. Football is also a useful entry point for examination of the phenomena of increasing globalisation, and this theme is widely discussed. This broad ranging collection of essays includes: - Social change and national identity - Women's football and gender traditions - Finance and investment in football - The development of professional football - Football and the media - Football Fans, 'hooligans' and soccer supporter culture

Gymnastics, a Transatlantic Movement

From Europe to America
Author: Gertrud Pfister
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317965426
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 200
View: 8898
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This book explores, analyses, and explains divergent ideologies and practices of gymnastics in selected European nations. It reconstructs the ex- and import processes from Europe to America and determines the processes, interrelationships and transformations of these "transatlantic movements" in their new home country. The book offers a more complete understanding of the role of gymnastics and expressive movements in cultural and ideological transmission over time and identifies the impact of these concepts on American physical education, sports systems and sports cultures. The main focus of the book lies in the two decades before and after World War I. This concentration on a specific historical epoch allows us to identify parallel, but also different developments of the various forms of gymnastics and of the transfer and implementation processes. The volume covers the transfer and impact of German Turnen, Czech Sokol and the Delsarte system in North America. In addition, it traces the influences of French gymnastics in South America and describes the tours of the world-renowned Danish gymnastic reformer Nils Bukh in both Americas. A focus will be the "import" of gymnastics, but also on the adaption processes of these different concepts and their integration into the American culture. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Die Veränderung des Sports ist gesellschaftlich

die historische Verhaltensforschung in der Diskussion : Diskussionsband
Author: Henning Eichberg
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 9783886600304
Category: Sports
Page: 311
View: 676
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Sport and Postmodern Times


Author: Geneviève Rail
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791439258
Category: Social Science
Page: 399
View: 7096
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Using postmodern social theory, this book expands our understanding of sport, the body, and the broader physical culture.

The Association Game

A History of British Football
Author: Matthew Taylor
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317870077
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 7277
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The story of British football's journey from public school diversion to mass media entertainment is a remarkable one. The Association Game traces British football from the establishment of the earliest clubs in the nineteenth century to its place as one of the prominent and commercialised leisure industries at the beginning of the twenty first century. It covers supporters and fandom, status and culture, big business, the press and electronic media and development in playing styles, tactics and rules. This is the only up to date book on the history of British football, covering the twentieth century shift from amateur to professional and whole of the British Isles, not just England.