The International Olympic Committee and the Olympic System

The Governance of World Sport
Author: Jean-Loup Chappelet
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134083688
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 1360
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When the athletes enter the stadium and the Olympic flame is lit, the whole world watches. Billions will continue to follow the events and to share in the athletes' joys and sorrows for the next sixteen days. Readers of this book, however, will watch forthcoming editions of the Olympic Games in a completely different light. Unlike many historical or official publications and somewhat biased commercial works, it provides -- in a clear, readable form -- informative and fascinating material on many aspects of what Olympism is all about: its history, its organization and its actors. Although public attention is often drawn to various issues surrounding this planetary phenomenon -- whether concerning the International Olympic Committee, the athletes, the host cities or even the scandals that have arisen -- the Olympic System as such is relatively little known. What are its structures, its goals, its resources? How is it governed and regulated? What about doping, gigantism, violence in the stadium? In addition to providing a wealth of information on all these subjects, the authors also show how power, money and image have transformed Olympism over the decades. They round off the work with thought-provoking reflections regarding the future of the Olympic System and the obstacles it must overcome in order to survive.

East Plays West

Sport and the Cold War
Author: Stephen Wagg,David Andrews
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134241674
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 352
View: 3793
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The Cold War spanned some five decades from the devastation that remained after World War Two until the fall of the Berlin wall, and for much of that time the perception was that only on the Eastern side were politics and sport inextricably linked. However, this assumption underestimates the extent to which sport was an important symbol for both power blocs in their ongoing ideological struggle. This collection of essays from leading international authorities on sport, culture and ideology brings together an impressive body of work organized around key political themes and outstanding moments in sport, and is at once a political history of sport and an illuminating new perspective on the forces that shaped this unsettled time.

Dropping the Torch

Jimmy Carter, the Olympic Boycott, and the Cold War
Author: Nicholas Evan Sarantakes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521194776
Category: History
Page: 340
View: 2877
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Dropping the Torch: Jimmy Carter, the Olympic Boycott, and the Cold War offers a diplomatic history of the 1980 Olympic boycott. Broad in its focus, it looks at events in Washington, D.C., as well as the opposition to the boycott and how this attempted embargo affected the athletic contests in Moscow. Jimmy Carter based his foreign policy on assumptions that had fundamental flaws and reflected a superficial familiarity with the Olympic movement. These basic mistakes led to a campaign that failed to meet its basic mission objectives but did manage to insult the Soviets just enough to destroy détente and restart the Cold War. The book also includes a military history of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, which provoked the boycott, and an examination of the boycott's impact four years later at the Los Angeles Olympics, where the Soviet Union retaliated with its own boycott.

Mega-Events and Mega-Ambitions: South Korea’s Rise and the Strategic Use of the Big Four Events


Author: Yu-Min Joo,Yooil Bae,Eva Kassens-Noor
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137531134
Category: Social Science
Page: 132
View: 4790
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This book provides a holistic analysis of South Korea’s strategic use of mega-events in its modern development. It examines the Summer Olympics (1988), the World Expo (1993), the FIFA World Cup (2002), and the Winter Olympics (2018) over the past 30 years of the country’s rapid growth, and across varying stages of economic and political development. It explains how mega-events helped to secure South Korea’s position on the international stage, boost nationalism, propel economic growth in export-oriented national companies, and build cities that accommodate – as well as represent – South Korea’s progress. It thereby highlights the broader implications for today’s global phenomenon of increasing reliance on mega-events as a catalyst for development, while the criticism that mega-events do more harm than good proliferates. The book is ideal for academics, policymakers, and those with an interest in mega-events and their role in the development of non-western countries.

Olympic Politics


Author: Christopher R. Hill
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719044519
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 283
View: 8878
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Investigates the role of politics in Olympic history, examines problems facing the Olympic movement, and speculates about its future

The Global Sporting Arms Race

An International Comparative Study on Sports Policy Factors Leading to International Sporting Success
Author: Veerle De Bosscher,Jerry Bingham,Simon Shibli
Publisher: Meyer & Meyer Verlag
ISBN: 1841262285
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 173
View: 2970
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Over the last few decades, the power struggle between nations to win medals in major international competitions has intensified. This has led to sporting organizations and governments the world over spending ever increasing sums of money on elite sports. In spite of increased funding, competition, and the homogenisation of elite sports systems, the optimum strategy for delivering international success is still unclear. This volume presents an international comparison of elite sports policies in six nations (Belgium, Canada, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, and the United Kingdom). Drawing on research involving more than 1,400 athletes, coaches, and performance directors at the highest levels, it seeks to evaluate and compare over 100 factors that lead to international sporting success.

Cyber-nationalism in China

Challenging Western Media Portrayals of Internet Censorship in China
Author: Ying Jiang
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
ISBN: 0987171895
Category: Computers
Page: 141
View: 9821
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"The prevailing consumerism in Chinese cyberspace is a growing element of Chinese culture and an important aspect of this book. Chinese bloggers, who have strongly embraced consumerism and tend to be apathetic about politics, have nonetheless demonstrated political passion over issues such as the Western media's negative coverage of China. In this book, Jiang focuses upon this passion - Chinese bloggers' angry reactions to the Western media's coverage of censorship issues in current China - in order to examine China's current potential for political reform. A central focus of this book, then, is the specific issue of censorship and how to interpret the Chinese characteristics of it as a mechanism currently used to maintain state control." --Back cover.

The End of the Cold War and The Third World

New Perspectives on Regional Conflict
Author: Artemy Kalinovsky,Lecturer in History of American-Asian Relations Sergey Radchenko,Sergey Radchenko
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136724303
Category: Political Science
Page: 328
View: 8414
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This book brings together recent research on the end of the Cold War in the Third World and engages with ongoing debates about regional conflicts, the role of great powers in the developing world, and the role of international actors in conflict resolution.

Post-Imperium

A Eurasian Story
Author: Dmitri V. Trenin
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 087003345X
Category: Political Science
Page: 279
View: 9833
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The war in Georgia. Tensions with Ukraine and other nearby countries. Moscow's bid to consolidate its "zone of privileged interests" among the Commonwealth of Independent States. These volatile situations all raise questions about the nature of and prospects for Russia's relations with its neighbors. In this book, Carnegie scholar Dmitri Trenin argues that Moscow needs to drop the notion of creating an exclusive power center out of the post-Soviet space. Like other former European empires, Russia will need to reinvent itself as a global player and as part of a wider community. Trenin's vision of Russia is an open Euro-Pacific country that is savvy in its use of soft power and fully reconciled with its former borderlands and dependents. He acknowledges that this scenario may sound too optimistic but warns that the alternative is not a new version of the historic empire but instead is the ultimate marginalization of Russia.

Sport Policy in Canada


Author: Lucie Thibault,Jean Harvey
Publisher: University of Ottawa Press
ISBN: 0776620959
Category: Law
Page: 435
View: 5040
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The first and most comprehensive analysis of the new Canadian Sport Policy adopted in 2012.

Mediatization of Politics

Understanding the Transformation of Western Democracies
Author: F. Esser,J. Strömbäck
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137275847
Category: Political Science
Page: 246
View: 3325
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The first book-long analysis of the 'mediatization of politics', this volume aims to understand the transformations of the relationship between media and politics in recent decades, and explores how growing media autonomy, journalistic framing, media populism and new media technologies affect democratic processes.

The Olympics, a History of the Modern Games


Author: Allen Guttmann
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252070464
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 214
View: 6069
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Traces the history of the modern Olympics from 1896 to 2000, contrasting the ideal of the game with the often politicized reality.

Routledge Handbook of Sport and Politics


Author: Alan Bairner,John Kelly,Jung Woo Lee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317646665
Category: Political Science
Page: 546
View: 3104
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Sport is frequently considered to be an aspect of popular culture that is, or should be, untainted by the political. However, there is a broad consensus among academics that sport is often at the heart of the political and the political is often central to sport. From the 1936 Olympic Games in Nazi Germany to the civil unrest that preceded the 2014 World Cup in Brazil, sport and politics have remained symbiotic bedfellows. The Routledge Handbook of Sport and Politics goes further than any other book in surveying the complex, embedded relationships between sport and politics. With sections addressing ideologies, nation and statehood, corporate politics, political activism, social justice, and the politics of sports events, it introduces the conceptual foundations that underpin our understanding of the sport-politics nexus and examines emergent issues in this field of study. Including in-depth case studies from North America, South America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia, this is an essential reference for anybody with an interest in the social scientific study of sport.

Crafting Patriotism for Global Dominance

America at the Olympics
Author: Mark Dyreson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317969251
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 200
View: 1935
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In 2008 China plans to use the Olympic Games to remake its national identity in the global marketplace. In so doing China treads the path blazed by the United States. For more than a century the U.S. has used the Olympic Games to construct national identity, create communal memory, and craft patriotic mythology. From opening parades where the American team refuses to dip its flag in order to signal American exceptionalism to the closing ceremonies where the U.S. media trumpet that their team owes its medals not to superior athleticism but to the nation’s peerless social and political systems, Olympic Games have served as sites to bolster American nationalism. More than any other nation, the United States has politicized its Olympic participation. In the process a host of myths about American superiority in global encounters has emerged through the Olympics. In memorializing and mythologizing their Olympic teams Americans have revealed the contours of the racial, gender, and class dynamics that animate their peculiar nationhood. These essays explore the history of expressions of American national identity in Olympic arenas. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Selling the Five Rings

The International Olympic Committee and the Rise of Olympic Commercialism
Author: Robert Knight Barney,Stephen R. Wenn,Scott G. Martyn
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780874808094
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 425
View: 3796
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The original scheme for the modern Olympic Games was hatched at an international sports conference at the Sorbonne in June 1894. At the time, few provisions were made for the financial underwriting of the project--providence and the beneficence of host cities would somehow take care of the costs. For much of the first century of modern Olympic history, this was the case, until the advent of television and corporate sponsorship transformed that idealism. Now, linking with the five-ring logo is good business. Advertising during the Olympic Games guarantees a global audience unmatched in size by any other sports audience in the world. However, if the image begins to tarnish and the corporate sector loses interest, television companies can't sell advertising to business interests. This was the greatest threat posed by the scandal surrounding Salt Lake City's bid. Selling the Five Rings outlines the rise of the Olympic movement from an envisioned instrument of peace and brotherhood, to a transnational commercial giant of imposing power and influence. Using primary source documents such as minutes of the IOC General Sessions, minutes and reports of various IOC sub-committees and commissions concerned with finance, reports of key marketing agencies, and the letters and memoranda written to and by the major figures in Olympic history, the authors track the history of a fascinating global institution.

The Imperial Presidency


Author: Arthur Meier Schlesinger
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 9780618420018
Category: History
Page: 589
View: 8266
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The presidential historian charts the progression of American power from George Washington to George W. Bush, revealing the exercise of power through the office as it has developed into an "imperial" seat of authority, in an updated edition of the classic history. Reprint.

Sport, Peace, and Development


Author: Keith Gilbert,Will Bennett
Publisher: Common Ground Publishing
ISBN: 9781612290867
Category: Political Science
Page: 510
View: 2731
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The Dynamics of Beijing-Hong Kong Relations

A Model for Taiwan?
Author: Sonny Shiu-hing Lo
Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
ISBN: 9789622099081
Category: Political Science
Page: 344
View: 3273
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This book critically assesses the implementation of the "one country, two systems" in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) from the political, judicial, legal, economic and societal dimensions. The author contends that there has been a gradual process of mainlandization of the HKSAR, meaning that Hong Kong is increasingly economically dependent on the People's Republic of China (PRC), politically deferent to the central government on the scope and pace of democratic reforms, socially more patriotic toward the motherland and more prone to media self-censorship, and judicially more vulnerable to the interpretation of the Basic Law by the National People's Congress. This book aims to achieve a breakthrough in relating the development of Hong Kong politics to the future of mainland China and Taiwan. By broadening the focus of the "one country, two systems" from governance to the process of Sino-British negotiations and their thrust-building efforts, this book argues that the diplomats from mainland China and Taiwan can learn from the ways in which Hong Kong's political future was settled in 1982–1984. This is a book for students, researchers, scholars, diplomats and lay people.

The Global Football League

Transnational Networks, Social Movements and Sport in the New Media Age
Author: P. Millward
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230348637
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 220
View: 6946
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This book tackles issues of globalization in the English Premier League and unpicks what this means to fan groups around the world, drawing upon a range of sociological theories to tell the story of the local and global repertoires of action emanating from the popular protests at Liverpool and Manchester United football clubs.

Playbooks and Checkbooks

An Introduction to the Economics of Modern Sports
Author: Stefan Szymanski
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400830008
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 248
View: 4847
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What economic rules govern sports? How does the sports business differ from other businesses? Playbooks and Checkbooks takes a fascinating step-by-step look at the fundamental economic relationships shaping modern sports. Focusing on the ways that the sports business does and does not overlap with economics, the book uncovers the core paradox at the heart of the sports industry. Unlike other businesses, the sports industry would not survive if competitors obliterated each other to extinction, financially or otherwise--without rivals there is nothing to sell. Playbooks and Checkbooks examines how this unique economic truth plays out in the sports world, both on and off the field. Noted economist Stefan Szymanski explains how modern sporting contests have evolved; how sports competitions are organized; and how economics has guided antitrust, monopoly, and cartel issues in the sporting world. Szymanski considers the motivation provided by prize money, uncovers discrepancies in players' salaries, and shows why the incentive structure for professional athletes encourages them to cheat through performance-enhancing drugs and match fixing. He also explores how changes in media broadcasting allow owners and athletes to play to a global audience, and why governments continue to publicly fund sporting events such as the Olympics, despite almost certain financial loss. Using economic tools to reveal the complex arrangements of an industry, Playbooks and Checkbooks illuminates the world of sports through economics, and the world of economics through sports.