Steam, Water, and Hydrothermal Systems

Physics and Chemistry Meeting the Needs of Industry : Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on the Properties of Water and Steam
Author: Peter R. Tremaine,International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam
Publisher: NRC Research Press
ISBN: 0660177781
Category: Feed-water
Page: 954
View: 8103
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This work includes 140 papers on pure and applied research of physics and chemistry of hydrothermal systems. It includes papers on metastable states, nucleation, super-cooled water and high temperature aqueous solutions.

Aqueous Systems at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures

Physical Chemistry in Water, Steam and Hydrothermal Solutions
Author: Roberto Fernandez-Prini,A.H. Harvey,D.A. Palmer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080471990
Category: Science
Page: 766
View: 1193
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The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS) has produced this book in order to provide an accessible, up-to-date overview of important aspects of the physical chemistry of aqueous systems at high temperatures and pressures. These systems are central to many areas of scientific study and industrial application, including electric power generation, industrial steam systems, hydrothermal processing of materials, geochemistry, and environmental applications. The authors’ goal is to present the material at a level that serves both the graduate student seeking to learn the state of the art, and also the industrial engineer or chemist seeking to develop additional expertise or to find the data needed to solve a specific problem. The wide range of people for whom this topic is important provides a challenge. Advanced work in this area is distributed among physical chemists, chemical engineers, geochemists, and other specialists, who may not be aware of parallel work by those outside their own specialty. The particular aspects of high-temperature aqueous physical chemistry of interest to one industry may be irrelevant to another; yet another industry might need the same basic information but in a very different form. To serve all these constituencies, the book includes several chapters that cover the foundational thermophysical properties (such as gas solubility, phase behavior, thermodynamic properties of solutes, and transport properties) that are of interest across numerous applications. The presentation of these topics is intended to be accessible to readers from a variety of backgrounds. Other chapters address fundamental areas of more specialized interest, such as critical phenomena and molecular-level solution structure. Several chapters are more application-oriented, addressing areas such as power-cycle chemistry and hydrothermal synthesis. As befits the variety of interests addressed, some chapters provide more theoretical guidance while others, such as those on acid/base equilibria and the solubilities of metal oxides and hydroxides, emphasize experimental techniques and data analysis. - Covers both the theory and applications of all Hydrothermal solutions - Provides an accessible, up-to-date overview of important aspects of the physical chemistry of aqueous systems at high temperatures and pressures - The presentation of the book is understandable to readers from a variety of backgrounds

Chemical Degradation Methods for Wastes and Pollutants

Environmental and Industrial Applications
Author: Matthew A. Tarr
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0824756479
Category: Science
Page: 314
View: 6679
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Chemical Degradation Methods for Wastes and Pollutants focuses on established and emerging chemical procedures for the management of pollutants in industrial wastewater and the environment. This reference offers an in-depth explanation of the degradation process, mechanisms, and control factors affecting each method, as well as issues crucial to the application of these approaches in real-world treatment sites. It examines ten of the most common and useful chemical technologies for environmental remediation and sanitation of industrial waste streams and offers implementation guidelines and examples of remediation strategies that are crucial to effective wastewater cleansing.

Supercritical Water

A Green Solvent: Properties and Uses
Author: Yizhak Marcus
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118310276
Category: Science
Page: 218
View: 453
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Discover the many new and emerging applications of supercriticalwater as a green solvent Drawing from thousands of original research articles, this bookreviews and summarizes what is currently known about the propertiesand uses of supercritical water. In particular, it focuses on newand emerging applications of supercritical water as a greensolvent, including the catalytic conversion of biomass into fuelsand the oxidation of hazardous materials. Supercritical Water begins with an introduction thatdefines supercritical fluids in general. It then definessupercritical water in particular, using the saturation curve toillustrate its relationship to regular water. Following thisintroduction, the book: Describes the bulk macroscopic properties of supercriticalwater, using equations of state to explaintemperature-pressure-density relationships Examines supercritical water's molecular properties, settingforth the latest experimental data as well as computer simulationsthat shed new light on structure and dynamics Explores the solubilities of gases, organic substances, salts,and ions in supercritical water in terms of the relevant phaseequilibria Sets forth the practical uses of supercritical water at bothsmall scales and full industrial scales Throughout the book, the author uses tables for at-a-glancereviews of key information. Summaries at the end of each chapterreinforce core principles, and references to original research andreviews serve as a gateway and guide to the extensive literature inthe field. Supercritical Water is written for students andprofessionals in physical chemistry, chemistry of water, chemicalengineering, and organic chemistry, interested in exploring theapplications and properties of supercritical water.

Geothermal Energy: Clean Power from the Earth’s Heat


Author: N.A
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1428917373
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 7070
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Impact Cratering

Processes and Products
Author: G. R. Osinski,E. Pierazzo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118447328
Category: Science
Page: 336
View: 4656
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Impact cratering is arguably the most ubiquitous geologicalprocess in the Solar System. It has played an important role inEarth’s history, shaping the geological landscape, affectingthe evolution of life, and generating economic resources. However,it was only in the latter half of the 20th century that theimportance of impact cratering as a geological process wasrecognized and only during the past couple of decades that thestudy of meteorite impact structures has moved into the mainstream.This book seeks to fill a critical gap in the literature byproviding an overview text covering broad aspects of the impactcratering process and aimed at graduate students, professionals andresearchers alike. It introduces readers to the threat and natureof impactors, the impact cratering process, the products, and theeffects – both destructive and beneficial. A series ofchapters on the various techniques used to study impact cratersprovide a foundation for anyone studying impact craters for thefirst time.

POWER PLANT ENGINEERING


Author: MANOJ KUMAR GUPTA
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120346122
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 348
View: 3911
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This textbook has been designed for a one-semester course on Power Plant Engineering studied by both degree and diploma students of mechanical and electrical engineering. It effectively exposes the students to the basics of power generation involved in several energy conversion systems so that they gain comprehensive knowledge of the operation of various types of power plants in use today. After a brief introduction to energy fundamentals including the environmental impacts of power generation, the book acquaints the students with the working principles, design and operation of five conventional power plant systems, namely thermal, nuclear, hydroelectric, diesel and gas turbine. The economic factors of power generation with regard to estimation and prediction of load, plant design, plant operation, tariffs and so on, are discussed and illustrated with the help of several solved numerical problems. The generation of electric power using renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, tidal, fuel cells, magneto hydrodynamic, thermoelectric and thermionic systems, is discussed elaborately. The book is interspersed with solved problems for a sound understanding of the various aspects of power plant engineering. The chapter-end questions are intended to provide the students with a thorough reinforcement of the concepts discussed.

Geothermal Energy

Clean Power from the Earth's Heat
Author: Wendell A. Duffield,John Harvey Sass,Geological Survey (U.S.)
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 36
View: 4204
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Properties Of Water And Steam: Proceedings Of The 11th International conference

Proceedings of the 11th International Conference
Author: Miroslav Píchal
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781560320425
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 584
View: 4897
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Hydrothermal Properties of Materials

Experimental Data on Aqueous Phase Equilibria and Solution Properties at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures
Author: Vladimir Valyashko
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470094664
Category: Science
Page: 312
View: 8636
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Hydrothermal Properties of Materials: Experimental Data on Aqueous Phase Equilibria and Solution Properties at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures is designed for any scientists and engineer who deals with hydrothermal investigations and technologies. The book is organized into eight chapters, each dealing with a key physical property of behavior of solutions, so that a reader can obtain information on: hydrothermal experimental methods; available experimental data and the main features of properties behavior in a wide range of temperatures and pressures; and possible ways of experimental data processing for obtaining the derivative properties.

Hydrothermal Mineral Deposits

Principles and Fundamental Concepts for the Exploration Geologist
Author: Franco Pirajno
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642756719
Category: Science
Page: 709
View: 6124
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This book is intended primarily for exploration geologists and post graduate students attending specialist courses in mineral exploration. Exploration geologists are engaged not only in the search for new mineral deposits, but also in the extension and re-assessment of existing ones. To succeed in these tasks, the exploration geologist is required to be a "generalist" of the Earth sciences rather than a specialist. The exploration geologist needs to be familiar with most aspects of the geology of ore deposits, and detailed knowledge as well as experience play an all important role in the successful exploration for mineral commodities. In order to achieve this, it is essential that the exploration geologist be up to date with the latest developments in the evolution of concepts and ideas in the Earth sciences. This is no easy task, as thousands of publications appear every year in an ever increasing number of journals, periodicals and books. For this reason it is also difficult, at times, to locate appropriate references on a particular mineral deposit type, although this problem is alleviated by the existence of large bibliographic data bases of geological records, abstracts and papers on computers. During my teaching to explorationists and, indeed, during my years of work as an explorationist, the necessity of having a text dealing with the fundamental aspects of hydrothermal mineral deposits has always been compelling. Metallic mineral deposits can be categorised into three great families, namely: (I) magmatic; (2) sedimentary and residual; (3) hydrothermal.

The Sustainability of Renewable Energy in Europe


Author: Simona Bigerna,Carlo Andrea Bollino,Silvia Micheli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319123432
Category: Science
Page: 137
View: 4185
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This book demonstrates that the much-needed global shift in energy production and use must happen at a territorial level in order to be truly successful and sustainable. This book enables regional implementation efforts by connecting broad EU environmental policies with plans for action at the territorial level, analysing efficient resource allocation and cost effectiveness to achieve national objectives. Each EU Member State is considered in depth, in order to identify the opportunities and challenges of this regional approach. The regional dimension of the authors’ analysis refers to the territorial level NUTS 1 (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics) that, starting from the administrative borders of the EU countries, divides the territory into 97 regions on the basis of major socio-economic characteristics. Because the model of the EU "green economy" is characterized typically by top-down interventions that focus exclusively on the resource productivity and investment business, its practical implementation can be de-railed. This book provides the pivotal missing piece- the detailed territorial comparative analysis necessary to obtain an optimal energy mix of renewable energy sources (RES), energy conservation and energy efficiency characteristics of each specific local context.

Thermodynamic and hydrodynamic properties of hydrothermal systems


Author: Henry J. Ramey
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Nature
Page: 78
View: 4754
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Volcanic Successions Modern and Ancient

A geological approach to processes, products and successions
Author: R. Cas,J. Wright
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400931670
Category: Science
Page: 528
View: 7147
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One of our aims in the book is to provide geologists with a sound basis for making their own well founded interpretations. For that reason we cover not only concepts about processes, and the nature of the products, but also methods and approaches that may be useful in analysing both modern and ancient successions. Most importantly, we treat the diversity of products in volcanic terrains as facies, and we use the method of facies analysis and interpretation as a means of constructing facies models for different volcanic settings. These models will, we hope, be useful as norms for comparison for workers in ancient terrains. The idea for this book came into being between 1981 and 1982 when J. V. W. came to Monash University to take up a Monash Postdoctoral Fellowship. During this period a short course on facies analysis in modern and ancient successions was put together, integrating J.V.W.'s extensive volcanological experience in numerous modern volcanic terrains with R.A.F.C.'s extensive sedimentological and volcanological experience in older volcanic and associated sedimentary successions in the Palaeozoic and Precambrian of Australia. The enthusiastic response from the participants to the first short course, taught in May 1982, and to subsequent annual re-runs, encouraged us to develop the short course notes into this book. The idea for both the short course and the book arose because we felt that there was no single source available that comprehensively attempted to address the problems of analysing, interpreting and understanding the complexity of processes, products and stratigraphy in volcanic terrains.

Proposed 1983 Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sale Offshore Central California

OCS Sale
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Continental shelf
Page: N.A
View: 5536
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Power System Operation and Control


Author: S. Sivanagaraju
Publisher: Pearson Education India
ISBN: 9788131726624
Category: Electric power systems
Page: 612
View: 8160
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Groundwater in Geologic Processes


Author: Steven E. Ingebritsen,Ward E. Sanford
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521664004
Category: Science
Page: 365
View: 1252
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Explores the role of subsurface fluids in geologic processes - ideal for graduate-level hydrogeologists and geologists.

Tapping the Earth's Natural Heat


Author: Wendell A. Duffield,John H. Sass,Michael L. Sorey
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788119224
Category: Science
Page: 63
View: 4587
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Describes the potential for geothermal energy, the naturally occurring heat within the Earth. Summarizes information related to developing geothermal energy while minimizing its environmental impact. Discusses its versatility; it can be used in the generation of electricity, as well as direct use applications, such as space heating and industrial processes. Contains color photos, charts, and diagrams.

Active Volcanoes of Chiapas (Mexico): El Chichón and Tacaná


Author: Teresa Scolamacchia,José Luis Macías
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642258905
Category: Science
Page: 180
View: 8663
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This publication summarizes the studies carried out at two of the most active volcanoes of Chiapas (Mexico): El Chichón and Tacaná. El Chichón erupted explosively in 1982 killing more than 2000 people being the worst volcanic disaster in Mexico, and Tacaná produced two mild phreatic explosions in 1950 and 1986. Only after these explosions a surge of new studies began to unreveal their volcanic history and impact. This book presents the state of the art advances in topics related to the geologic setting of the two volcanoes, their eruptive history and composition of erupted products, the hydrothermal systems and their manifestations. Volcanic hazards and risks and possible mitigation plans are discussed based on the experience of the catastrophic eruption of El Chichón that occurred in 1982. The book will also include previously unpublished material on the flora and the fauna of the region and archaeological and social aspects of the area that is inhabited by indigenous people.

Geysers and Geothermal Energy


Author: John S. Rinehart
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461260841
Category: Science
Page: 223
View: 5574
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Geysers. What makes them work? Many who have seen a geyser in action know only that it spouts hot water into the air. Many others have never seen one. Chapter 1, Geysers of the World, delineates their distinguishing features, locates the geyser regions of the world, and places investigations by world travelers and scientists in historic perspective. One of the quickest ways to become acquainted with a geyser is to observe it. The descriptions of several well known geysers, some based on past observations by others, but frequently by me, do not neces sarily portray current behavior. They do, however, represent general features. Geysers exist as a result of a delicate and unique interplay among the heat, the water, and the rocks of the earth. In essence, heat and water must be available, transported, distributed, stored, and finally released. Chapter 2, The Geologic, Thermal, and Hydrologic State of the Earth, especially that close to its surface, sets the stage for Chapter 3, Fundamentals of Geyser Operation. The geyser is treated here as a simple system consisting of three major interacting elements: a source of water, a source of heat, and a reservoir for storing water. The discus sion centers around the actions occurring within idealized columnar and pool geysers, and more complex systems. Some of the more workable geyser theories are evaluated.