Terrorism in Context


Author: Martha Crenshaw
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 9780271044422
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 8486
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Putting Terrorism in Context

Lessons from the Global Terrorism Database
Author: Gary LaFree,Laura Dugan,Erin Miller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134712413
Category: Political Science
Page: 262
View: 3414
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This book offers a guide to interpreting available statistical data on terrorism attacks around the world. The Global Terrorism Database (GTD) now includes more than 113,000 terrorist attacks, starting in 1970. By analyzing these data, researchers demonstrate how a very small number of terrorist attacks have had an outsized effect on attitudes and policies toward terrorism. These attacks, referred to as ‘black swan’ events, are difficult to predict but have an enormous impact on human affairs for years to come. The book discusses terrorist attacks, such as 9/11, possibly the most high profile ‘black swan’ event in living memory, by putting them into context with thousands of less publicized attacks that have plagued the world since 1970. Historically, the study of terrorism has suffered from a general lack of empirical data and statistical analysis. This is largely due to the difficulty of obtaining valid data on a topic that poses significant collection challenges. However, this book makes use of the fact that the GTD is currently the most extensive unclassified database on terrorism ever collected. While there have been summaries of the research literature on terrorism and important analyses of international terrorism event data, this is the first book that provides a comprehensive empirical overview of the nature and evolution of both modern international and domestic terrorism. This book will be of interest to students of terrorism and political violence, criminology, international security, and political science in general.

Terrorismus

Provokation der Macht
Author: Peter Waldmann
Publisher: Murmann Publishers GmbH
ISBN: 386774162X
Category: Political Science
Page: 350
View: 6883
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New York, Madrid, Mumbai: Wenn Terroristen zuschlagen, stellen sich immer die gleichen Fragen: Was wollen die Täter erreichen? Wie kann der nächste Anschlag verhindert werden? Peter Waldmann stützt sich bei seinem Buch, das nun in aktualisierter Fassung vorliegt, auf seine Kenntnisse der verschiedensten Gruppierungen. Waldmann erstellt Täterprofile, analysiert Motive und Hintergründe.

Irish Terrorism in the Atlantic Community, 1865–1922


Author: J. Gantt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230250459
Category: History
Page: 347
View: 5965
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Using a transnational approach, this volume surveys the origins of Irish terrorism and its impact on the Anglo-Saxon community during an era of intense imperialism. While at times it posed sharp disagreements between Britain and the United States, their ideological repulsion to terrorism later led to cooperation in counter-terrorism strategies.

International Human Rights in Context

Law, Politics, Morals : Text and Materials
Author: Henry J. Steiner,Philip Alston,Ryan Goodman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019927942X
Category: Law
Page: 1492
View: 2598
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The third edition of International Human Rights in Context continues to bring sophisticated and thought-provoking analysis to the study of human rights within its wider social and cultural context. This widely acclaimed interdisciplinary coursebook presents a diverse range of carefully edited primary and secondary materials alongside extensive text, editorial commentary, and study questions. Within its conceptual framework, the book thoroughly covers the major topics of internationalhuman rights: the basic characteristics of international law; evolution of the human rights movement movement; civil, political, economic and social rights; the humanitarian laws of war; globalization; self-determination; women's rights; universalism and cultural relativisim; intergovernmental and nongovernmental institutions; implementation and enforcement; internal application of human rights norms; and the spread of constitutionalism. The third edition has been considerably revised and restructured to incoroprate new themes and topics including: human rights in relation to terrorism amd national security; responsibility of nonstate actors for human rights violations; recent substantial changes in sources and processes of international law; achieved and potential reforrm within UN human rights institution; theories about international organizations and their influence on state behavior. Its scope, challenging enquiries, and clarity make it the ideal companion for human rightsstudents, scholars, advocates and practitioners alike. Online Resource Centre The third edition will be accompanied by a new online resource centre which will house the Annex of Documents, allowing them to be updated between editions.

Terrorism in America


Author: Kevin Borgeson,Salem State University Massachusetts Kevin Borgeson,Robin Valeri
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 0763783757
Category: Law
Page: 166
View: 8497
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Terrorism in America looks at issues of both domestic and international terrorism in the United States. Using existing FBI data and ethnographic data, this book compares and contrasts domestic sources of terrorism in the United States to those in other countries, while also discussing efforts by domestic terrorists to form alliances with foreign groups. Readers are provided with a history of counterterrorism in the United States, as well as research regarding fear of terrorism and its impact on individuals and the nation as a whole. Grounded in research and theory, this comprehensive resource will raise the public s awareness and concern about domestic terrorism, foster a growing body of research about these groups and their links to international terrorism, and stimulate efforts to curtail their actions. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition."

Terrorism

The Present Threat in Context
Author: Stephen Sloan
Publisher: Berg
ISBN: 1847883184
Category: Political Science
Page: 160
View: 1137
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When we think "terrorism," our minds conjure up dramatic and horrifying images of hijackings, suicide bombings, assassinations and various other forms of brutal carnage. Placing terrorist acts within a historical context, this book helps us understand the causes, dynamics and outcomes of terrorism.Providing a concise history of terrorism since the French Revolution, the author considers the relationship between terrorism and warfare, crime, technology globalization and the state. He investigates the meaning of the word "terrorism" and shows how the definition and practice have both evolved over time. Throughout, he considers what motivates terrorists and what they hope to accomplish.Written by a pioneer in the field, Terrorism: The Present Threat in Context offers a practical assessment of domestic and international threats to security. This book will help anyone concerned about terrorism learn to evaluate the risks in a rational way, devoid of the hysteria that so often dominates the subject.

Indirect Responsibility for Terrorist Acts

Redefinition of the Concept of Terrorism Beyond Violent Acts
Author: Marja Lehto
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004178074
Category: Political Science
Page: 487
View: 3976
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The book offers several perspectives to the analysis of the expansion and diversification of international legal responses to terrorism. It focuses, in particular, on the move during the past decade towards more indirect forms of responsibility.

Countering Global Terrorism and Insurgency

Calculating the Risk of State Failure in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq
Author: N. Underhill
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137383712
Category: Social Science
Page: 242
View: 5790
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Explores current debates around religious extremism as a means to understand and re-think the connections between terrorism, insurgency and state failure. Using case studies of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iraq, she develops a better understanding of the underlying causes and conditions necessary for terrorism and insurgency to occur.

Mapping Terrorism Research

State of the Art, Gaps and Future Direction
Author: Magnus Ranstorp
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134147732
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 3055
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Containing essays by an array of top international scholars, this new book provides a comprehensive analytical critique of the current state of research in the terrorism and counterterrorism studies field, what it has substantively achieved over the years and where it should be heading in the future. Offering an overall examination of research achievements and gaps in scholarly efforts towards understanding terrorism as a complex behavioural and social phenomenon, it also assesses various research approaches into counterterrorism studies, clearly identifying a pathway for prioritized future research agendas in the field. This future research agenda is further enhanced by the provision of an appendix containing 444 identified research topics developed by the United Nations Terrorism Prevention Branch. Mapping Terrorism Research builds a cohesive, interdisciplinary and high-quality research agenda in terrorism and counterterrorism for future generations of academic students, scholars as well as practitioners, and will appeal to students of terrorism studies, political science and international relations.

Curriculum in Context


Author: Leigh Chiarelott
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1285961250
Category: Education
Page: 224
View: 9352
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Easily design appropriate curricula with CURRICULUM IN CONTEXT! This guidebook for teachers and curricula designers focuses on designing curriculum and instruction in the context of contextual teaching and learning, a system that enables students to find meaning by connecting the content of the lesson with the context of their lives. With a practical focus and numerous examples of designs created by actual teachers, this education text provides you with the concepts and skills you need to make appropriate curricular and instructional decisions for your own school and classroom. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Terrorism in Africa

The Evolving Front in the War on Terror
Author: John Davis
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739135775
Category: Political Science
Page: 324
View: 6527
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The study, Terrorism in Africa: The Evolving Front in the War on Terrorism, represents a research endeavor aimed at increasing scholarly discourse on the ever-expanding threat of terrorism and terrorist related violence in the region. It offers the most wide-ranging analysis of the sub-national and transnational terrorists groups that have made Africa the second most violent region in the world.

Global Terrorism

A Beginner's Guide
Author: Leonard Weinberg
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1780741588
Category: Political Science
Page: 264
View: 9368
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Since the terrible events of 9/11, more attention than ever has been paid to the threats and challenges posed by terrorists. Weinberg explains who the terrorists are, where they came from, what motivates them, and what, if anything, can be done to stop them. It provides a fascinating insight into how terrorist 'cells' operate and what they might do in the future. Leonard Weinberg is Foundation Professor of Political Science at the University of Nevada. He has also served as a consultant to the United Nations Office for the Prevention of Terrorism and was a recipient of the 1999 Thornton Peace Prize.

Protecting Individual Privacy in the Struggle Against Terrorists

A Framework for Program Assessment
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Division on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on Technical and Privacy Dimensions of Information for Terrorism Prevention and Other National Goals
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309134446
Category: Computers
Page: 376
View: 3920
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All U.S. agencies with counterterrorism programs that collect or "mine" personal data -- such as phone records or Web sites visited -- should be required to evaluate the programs' effectiveness, lawfulness, and impacts on privacy. A framework is offered that agencies can use to evaluate such information-based programs, both classified and unclassified. The book urges Congress to re-examine existing privacy law to assess how privacy can be protected in current and future programs and recommends that any individuals harmed by violations of privacy be given a meaningful form of redress. Two specific technologies are examined: data mining and behavioral surveillance. Regarding data mining, the book concludes that although these methods have been useful in the private sector for spotting consumer fraud, they are less helpful for counterterrorism because so little is known about what patterns indicate terrorist activity. Regarding behavioral surveillance in a counterterrorist context, the book concludes that although research and development on certain aspects of this topic are warranted, there is no scientific consensus on whether these techniques are ready for operational use at all in counterterrorism.

The Handbook of the Criminology of Terrorism


Author: Gary LaFree,Joshua D. Freilich
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118923979
Category: Social Science
Page: 632
View: 8126
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The Handbook of the Criminology of Terrorism features a collection of essays that represent the most recent criminological research relating to the origins and evolution of, along with responses to, terrorism, from a criminological perspective. Offers an authoritative overview of the latest criminological research into the causes of and responses to terrorism in today’s world Covers broad themes that include terrorism’s origins, theories, methodologies, types, relationship to other forms of crime, terrorism and the criminal justice system, ways to counter terrorism, and more Features original contributions from a group of international experts in the field Provides unique insights into the field through an exclusive focus on criminological conceptual frameworks and empirical studies that engage terrorism and responses to it

Psychology of Terrorism

Coping with the Continued Threat
Author: Chris E. Stout
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275982072
Category: Political Science
Page: 267
View: 3047
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Selected chapters from the acclaimed 4-volume set, The Psychology of Terrorism.

Friction

How Radicalization Happens to Them and Us
Author: Clark McCauley,Sophia Moskalenko
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199845441
Category: Psychology
Page: 248
View: 3822
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This accessible book identifies twelve mechanisms of political radicalization that can move individuals, groups, and the masses to increased sympathy and support for political violence. Terrorism is an extreme form of radicalization, and the book describes pathways to terrorism to demonstrate the twelve mechanisms at work. Written by two psychologists who are acknowledged radicalization experts and consultants to the Department of Homeland Security, Friction draws heavily on case histories. The case material is wide-ranging - drawn from Russia in the late 1800s, the US in the 1970s, and the radical Islam encouraged by the fall of the Soviet Union in the 1990s. Taken together, the twelve mechanisms show how unexceptional people are moved to exceptional violence in the conflict between states and non-state challengers. Captivating, and with psychological overtones, this timely book covers one of the most pressing issues of our time.

Jihadi Terrorism and the Radicalisation Challenge

European and American Experiences
Author: Prof Dr Rik Coolsaet
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409476456
Category: Political Science
Page: 340
View: 4190
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Osama bin Laden's demise in May 2011 marked only the symbolic end of an era. By the time of his killing, he no longer represented the Robin Hood icon that once stirred global fascination. Ten years after the 11 September 2001 attacks, jihadi terrorism has largely lost its juggernaut luster. It now mostly resembles a patchwork of self-radicalising local groups with international contacts but without any central organisational design - akin to the radical left terrorism of the 1970s and the anarchist fin-de-siècle terrorism. This volume addresses two issues that remain largely unexplored in contemporary terrorism studies. It rehabilitates the historical and comparative analysis as a way to grasp the essence of terrorism, including its jihadi strand. Crucial similarities with earlier forms of radicalisation and terrorism abound and differences appear generally not fundamental. Likewise, the very concept of radicalisation is seldom questioned anymore. Nevertheless it often lacks conceptual clarity and empirical validation. Once considered a quintessential European phenomenon, the United States too experiences how some of its own citizens radicalise into terrorist violence. This collective work compares radicalisation in both continents and the strategies aimed at de-radicalisation. But it also assesses if the concept merits its reputation as the holy grail of terrorism studies. The volume is aimed at an audience of decision makers, law enforcement officials, academia and think tanks, by its combination of novel thinking, practical experience and a theoretical approach.

The Day Wall Street Exploded

A Story of America in Its First Age of Terror
Author: Beverly Gage
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199743728
Category: History
Page: 416
View: 3915
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Just after noon on September 16, 1920, as hundreds of workers poured onto Wall Street for their lunchtime break, a horse-drawn cart packed with dynamite exploded in a spray of metal and fire, turning the busiest corner of the financial center into a war zone. Thirty-nine people died and hundreds more lay wounded, making the Wall Street explosion the worst terrorist attack in U.S. history until the Oklahoma City bombing. In The Day Wall Street Exploded, Beverly Gage tells the story of that once infamous but now largely forgotten event. Based on thousands of pages of Bureau of Investigation reports, this historical detective saga traces the four-year hunt for the perpetrators, a worldwide effort that spread as far as Italy and the new Soviet nation. It also gives readers the decades-long but little-known history of homegrown terrorism that helped to shape American society a century ago. The book delves into the lives of victims, suspects, and investigators: world banking power J.P. Morgan, Jr.; labor radical "Big Bill" Haywood; anarchist firebrands Emma Goldman and Luigi Galleani; "America's Sherlock Holmes," William J. Burns; even a young J. Edgar Hoover. It grapples as well with some of the most controversial events of its day, including the rise of the Bureau of Investigation, the federal campaign against immigrant "terrorists," the grassroots effort to define and protect civil liberties, and the establishment of anti-communism as the sine qua non of American politics. Many Americans saw the destruction of the World Trade Center as the first major terrorist attack on American soil, an act of evil without precedent. The Day Wall Street Exploded reminds us that terror, too, has a history. Praise for the hardcover: "Outstanding." --New York Times Book Review "Ms. Gage is a storyteller...she leaves it to her readers to draw their own connections as they digest her engaging narrative." --The New York Times "Brisk, suspenseful and richly documented" --The Chicago Tribune "An uncommonly intelligent, witty and vibrant account. She has performed a real service in presenting such a complicated case in such a fair and balanced way." --San Francisco Chronicle

Understanding Terrorism in America

From the Klan to Al Qaeda
Author: Christopher Hewitt
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415277655
Category: Political Science
Page: 154
View: 8237
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Christopher Hewitt's comprehensive book surveys the characteristics and causes of terrorism and governmental responses to it. He also examines the organizational structure of terrorist networks, how they are financed and their ideological agendas. Groups covered include: Islamic fundamentalists, white and black racists, black nationalists, revolutionary communists, neo-Nazis, militant Jewish groups, anti-abortionists and émigré groups. This book is essential reading for students of American politics and terrorism. It also provides a highly readable account for interested readers wishing to know more about a topic which has recently become tragically relevant to world affairs.