The Arab Revolution of 2011: A Comparative Perspective

A Comparative Perspective
Author: Saïd Amir Arjomand
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438454902
Category: Social Science
Page: 294
View: 1721
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Comparative analysis of the 2011 Arab Spring uprisings. How do we make sense of the Arab revolution of 2011? What were its successes, its failures, and significance in world history? The Arab Revolution of 2011 brings together a broad range of perspectives to explain the causes, processes, and consequences of the revolution of 2011 and its critical implications for the future. The contributors, in this major addition to the sociology of revolutions, step back from the earlier euphoria of the Arab Spring to provide a sober analysis of what is still an ongoing process of upheaval in the Middle East. The essays address the role of national armies and foreign military intervention, the character and structure of old regimes as determinants of peaceful or violent political transformation, the constitutional placement of Islam in post-revolutionary regimes, and the possibilities of supplanting authoritarianism with democracy. The revolution of 2011 is also examined within a broad historical perspective, comparing the dynamics of revolution and counterrevolution in countries such as Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya with such epochal events as the European revolution of 1848 and Russia in 1917.

The Decline of Nation-States after the Arab Spring

The Rise of Communitocracy
Author: Imad Salamey
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317036255
Category: Political Science
Page: 134
View: 5968
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Surveying the causes of the Arab Spring, and revealing the governing trends arising from it, this book examines various international relation theories through the lens of the experiences of the countries in the Middle East and North Africa region. It takes the events of the Arab Spring as an outcome of globalization’s double movement whose integrative cultural, political and security frameworks devastated nationally controlled economies, undermining the nation-state system and propagating a decentralized and communitarian-based governance structure. The consequences for many plural, diverse societies were two-fold: autocratic nationalism was discarded while decentralized regimes representing communitarian-based politics came to the fore. The author reveals how the formulation of a new communitocratic order rests on the accommodation of this newly emerging communitarianism and explores the major drivers of political transformation, describing the emerging communities, forecasting their governing options and the possible repercussions for the post-Arab Spring states.

Responses to the ‘Arabellions’

The EU in Comparative Perspective
Author: Tanja Börzel,Assem Dandashly,Thomas Risse
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131739111X
Category: Political Science
Page: 168
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This book studies the reactions by external actors, including the European Union, to the events unfolding in the Arab world beginning in December 2010. In particular, contributors look at external actors' attempts to balance their desire for stability with their normative principles toward human rights and democracy. The book compares the action (and inaction) of the EU with other international and regional players, including the United States, Russia, Turkey and Israel, and assesses the response of these actors to the Arabellions’ events, analysing changes in their approaches to the Arab region. The contributions to this book answer three questions: (1) How have external actors assessed the ‘Arabellions’ and what role did they see for themselves in this context? (2) Which goals and instruments did external actors pursue toward the MENA region? In particular, how did they deal with conflicting goals, such as support for human rights and democracy, on the one hand, and concerns about security and stability, on the other? (3) How can we explain the varying responses of external actors to the Arabellions? This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Integration.

Comparative Political and Economic Perspectives on the MENA Region


Author: Erdo?du, M. Mustafa,Christiansen, Bryan
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466696028
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 386
View: 5042
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The region that includes the Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) faces a diverse set of cultural, political, and economic issues. Exploring the countries that are considered to be a part of the MENA region as well as comparing this region to the rest of the developing and developed world provides essential insight into the current state of the region as well and its future outlook. Comparative Political and Economic Perspectives on the MENA Region takes a critical approach to analyzing the socio-economic development of the MENA Region and the role of politics and various social issues in this development. Highlighting research-based perspectives from global leaders on topics such as decentralization, international affairs, the Arab Spring, foreign direct investment, and education in the Middle East and Northern Africa, this publication is designed for library reference section inclusion and meets the research needs of government officials, professionals specializing in international business, economists, researchers, and graduate-level students in the areas of economics, international politics, African and Middle Eastern studies, and regional development.

The European Union's Foreign Policy in Comparative Perspective

Beyond the “Actorness and Power” Debate
Author: Ingo Peters
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131753655X
Category: Political Science
Page: 292
View: 1778
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This ground-breaking volume provides a new perspective on the EU’s foreign policy and offers a reconstruction of EU research that extends beyond narrow-minded concepts of ‘power’ and ‘actorness’. Focusing on two intertwined research questions, it presents a more sustainable base for studying EU foreign policy: What is the EU’s foreign policy quality in terms of ‘actorness’ and ‘power’ compared to other types of actors in international relations and global politics? What factors influence the EU’s foreign policy performance in comparison to states and international organizations? This guiding principle and application of a ‘grounded theory’ or ‘heuristic case study’ approach allows the book to deliver a structured comparative analysis of EU foreign policy, comparing findings across policy fields, different legal foundations and respective policy modes of governance. This book will be of key interest to students and scholars of European Union studies, European Union foreign policy studies, international relations, and security policy studies.

Revolution 2.0

Wie wir mit der ägyptischen Revolution die Welt verändern
Author: Wael Ghonim
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843701830
Category: Political Science
Page: 384
View: 7938
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Mit verbundenen Augen saß Wael Ghonim, Marketingchef von Google, 12 Tage im Gefängnis der ägyptischen Staatspolizei. Kaum war er wieder frei, wurden ihm vor laufender Kamera Bilder von getöteten Demonstranten gezeigt. Er brach in Tränen aus. Der Widerstand hatte ein neues Gesicht. Zum ersten Mal erzählt Ghonim von seinem Kampf gegen die ägyptische Regierung nach der Ermordung des Bloggers Khaled Said. Während der Protestbewegung gegen Präsident Mubarak gründete er die Facebook-Gruppe »We are all Khaled Said«, wo er zu Demonstrationen gegen das Regime aufrief. Zwei Wochen später trat Mubarak zurück. Wael Ghonim erklärt, warum eine Revolution in Ägypten unausweichlich war und was man daraus lernen kann: Er liefert die Blaupause dafür, wie wir Dinge verändern können – bis zur Revolution 2.0.

Party Politics, Religion, and Women's Leadership

Lebanon in Comparative Perspective
Author: Fatima Sbaity Kassem
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137333219
Category: Political Science
Page: 283
View: 5570
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Exploring the interlinkages of political parties, religiosity, and women's leadership and nominations to public office, this book argues that as party religiosity increases, women's chances of assuming leadership positions fall. Combining qualitative and quantitative methods, it advances a new theory of party variation in religiosity.

Sozialreform oder Revolution?


Author: Rosa Luxemburg
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3947618700
Category: Political Science
Page: 88
View: 4696
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Vorwort der Herausgeber Indem wir mehrfachen Nachfragen nach der bereits längst vergriffenen Schrift Sozialreform oder Revolution? Rechnung tragen, geben wir sie in zweiter Auflage heraus. Wir glauben damit namentlich dem neuerdings in den Parteikreisen merklich erwachten erfreulichen Interesse für theoretische Fragen entgegenzukommen, da die vorliegende Schrift eine Reihe prinzipieller und wissenschaftlicher Probleme von dauernder Bedeutung in leicht faßlicher und knapper Form behandelt. Mit Zustimmung der Verfasserin, die an der Schrift mehrere zeitgemäße kleinere Korrekturen vorgenommen hat, fügen wir der Streitschrift gegen Bernstein auch noch einige Aufsätze aus derselben Feder hinzu, die verwandte Fragen behandeln und sich deshalb u. E. zusammen zu einem Ganzen verbinden lassen. So findet der Leser in der vorliegenden Broschüre, von verschiedenen Seiten beleuchtet, das Lohngesetz, die Krise, die Frage der Gewerkschaften, Genossenschaften, der Sozialreform u. a.

Democratic Transitions

Modes and Outcomes
Author: Sujian Guo,Gary A Stradiotto
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131775106X
Category: Political Science
Page: 138
View: 2202
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Democratic transitions have occurred in many countries in various regions across the globe, such as Southern Europe, Latin America, Africa, East and Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East, and these nations have undergone simuntaneously political, economic and social transformations. Yet, the patterns and characteristics of transitions have varied significantly, and different modes of transition have resulted in different outcomes. This book offers cross-national comparisons of democratic transition since the turn of the twentieth century and asks what makes democracies succeed or fail. In doing so it explores the influence the mode of transition has on the longevity or durability of the democracy, by theoretically examining and quantitatively testing this relationship. The authors argue that the mode of transition directly impacts the success and failure of democracy, and suggest that cooperative transitions, where opposition groups work together with incumbent elites to peacefully transition the state, result in democracies that last longer and are associated with higher measures of democratic quality. Based on a cross-national dataset of all democratic transitioning states since 1900, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and democracy, and democratization studies.

Democracy's Fourth Wave?

Digital Media and the Arab Spring
Author: Philip N. Howard,Muzammil M. Hussain
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199323658
Category: Social Science
Page: 162
View: 5502
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Did digital media really "cause" the Arab Spring, or is it an important factor of the story behind what might become democracy's fourth wave? An unlikely network of citizens used digital media to start a cascade of social protest that ultimately toppled four of the world's most entrenched dictators. Howard and Hussain find that the complex causal recipe includes several economic, political and cultural factors, but that digital media is consistently one of the most important sufficient and necessary conditions for explaining both the fragility of regimes and the success of social movements. This book looks at not only the unexpected evolution of events during the Arab Spring, but the deeper history of creative digital activism throughout the region.

Religion, Religiosity, and Democratic Values

A Comparative Perspective of Islamic and Non-Islamic Societies
Author: Abbas Mehregan
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004274464
Category: Religion
Page: 328
View: 5043
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In Religion, Religiosity, and Democratic Values, Abbas Mehregan examines empirically the effects of individual religiosity, historical religion, institutional democracy, and socioeconomic development on attitudes towards free market economics and confidence in civil society organizations in 60 Islamic and non-Islamic societies.

Regions and Crises

New Challenges for Contemporary Regionalisms
Author: Lorenzo Fioramonti
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137028327
Category: Political Science
Page: 242
View: 5997
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Investigates the intimate relationship between regional governance processes and global crises. Analysing the current turmoil in the European Union, it also looks at regional cooperation and integration in the Arab world, Africa, Asia and Latin America through topical case studies.

Civil Uprisings in Modern Sudan

The 'Khartoum Springs' of 1964 and 1985
Author: W. J. Berridge
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472574036
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 398
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In the wake of the protests that toppled regimes across the Middle East in 2011, Sudanese activists and writers have proudly cited their very own 'Arab Springs' of 1964 and 1985, which overthrew the country's first two military regimes, as evidence of their role as political pioneers in the region. Whilst some of these claims may be exaggerated, Sudan was indeed unique in the region at the time in that it witnessed not one but two popular uprisings which successfully uprooted military authoritarianisms. Civil Uprisings in Modern Sudan provides the first scholarly book-length history of the 1964 and 1985 uprisings. It explores the uprisings themselves, their legacy and the contemporary relevance they hold in the context of the current political climate of the Middle East. The book also contends that the sort of politics espoused by various kinds of Islamist during the uprisings can be interpreted as a form of early 'post-Islamism', in which Islamist political agendas were seen to be compatible with liberalism and democracy. Using interviews, Arabic language sources and a wealth of archival material, this book is an important and original study that is of great significance for scholars of African and Middle Eastern political history.

Democracy and Reform in the Middle East and Asia

Social Protest and Authoritarian Rule after the Arab Spring
Author: Amin Saikal,Amitav Acharya
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857735187
Category: Political Science
Page: 280
View: 5436
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The protests that swept across the Middle East and North Africa in late 2010 and 2011 confounded long-time observers of the region, in both the media and academia. After addressing the conditions in the Middle East and North Africa that produced these attempts at revolution, Amin Saikal and Amitav Acharya explore the global impact of the protests, both in terms of their ideological influence on opposition groups and the prospects for democratic transition in a variety of authoritarian and semi-authoritarian governments. Examining states at the heart of the uprisings, such as Egypt, Tunisia and Libya in addition to other Middle Easter states, like Iran, as well the Asian states of China, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia, this book concentrates upon ‘democratisation’ as the central theme. Did the protests have a galvanising effect of democratisation processes throughout Asia? And if not, why? Touching on perennial issues in politics – for example, democracy, authoritarian rule and social protest – this book is vital for researchers of politics and international relations.

North American Critical Theory After Postmodernism

Contemporary Dialogues
Author: P. Nickel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137262869
Category: Political Science
Page: 249
View: 6848
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In a series of interviews this book explores the formative experiences of a generation of critical theorists whose work originated in the midst of what has been called 'the postmodern turn,' including discussions of their views on the evolution of critical theory over the past 30 years and their assessment of contemporary politics.

Interpreting the Arab Spring: Significance of the New Arab Awakening ?

Significance of the New Arab Awakening ?
Author: Ms Priya Singh,Mr Kingshuk Chatterjee
Publisher: KW Publishers Pvt Ltd
ISBN: 9385714902
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 7183
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The Arab Spring, widely perceived as a momentous event in West Asia, has evoked a persistent flow of interpretation and analysis by academic experts and policymakers since the upheaval 1 broke out in December 2010 and the pace of events suggests the flow of analysis on this issue will continue. Like all great social upheavals, the Arab Spring was longdrawnout in its realisation and born of many factors that are intertwined. It could have occurred any time during the course of the last two or three decades but each passing year brought to the forefront new developments that made it that much more imminent. Economic problems, social problems, political problems, juridical problems and diplomatic problems combined to contribute to an uncompromising sense of grievance across the Arab world that ultimately manifested itself in the Arab spring and winter of 2011. This volume comes out of a conference organised by the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, in collaboration with Institute of Foreign Policy Studies and Centre of Pakistan and West Asian Studies, in which an attempt was made to discuss these issues threadbare.

Political and Constitutional Transitions in North Africa

Actors and Factors
Author: Justin Frosini,Francesco Biagi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317597451
Category: Political Science
Page: 184
View: 6061
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The transformations which are taking place in the Arab world are dynamic processes characterised by a number of variables that one can refer to as actors and factors. The implications of the Arab uprisings are important for the world at large; the Arab world’s successes, and failures, at this crucial moment may well serve as a model for other nations. Political and Constitutional Transitions in North Africa focuses on five Northern African countries- Tunisia, Egypt, Morocco, Libya and Algeria- examining specific institutions and actors participating in the political upheavals in North Africa since 2011, and placing them in a comparative perspective in order to better understand the processes at work. This book addresses issues pertinent to North African and Middle Eastern Studies, comparative constitutional law, political science and transitional studies and it contains contributions by experts in all these fields. Providing a significant contribution to the understanding of events that followed the immolation of Mohamed Bouazizi in Tunisia, this book is a valuable contribution to North African Studies, Middle Eastern Studies, Comparative Constitutional Law and Transitional Studies.

Revolution Stalled

The Political Limits of the Internet in the Post-Soviet Sphere
Author: Sarah Oates
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199735956
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 225
View: 896
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This study of the Russian internet explores how, when, and why the internet challenges leaders in non-free states. Using an analysis of content, community, catalysts, control, and co-optation, Revolution Stalled moves beyond 'virtual' politics to show how the internet can threaten and defy information hegemony and re-shape societies.