The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America

Essays on Criminology, Prison Reform, and Social Control, 1830-1940
Author: Ricardo D. Salvatore,Carlos Aguirre
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292787634
Category: Social Science
Page: 303
View: 2652
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Opening a new area in Latin American studies, The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America showcases the most recent historical outlooks on prison reform and criminology in the Latin American context. The essays in this collection shed new light on the discourse and practice of prison reform, the interpretive shifts induced by the spread of criminological science, and the links between them and competing discourses about class, race, nation, and gender. The book shows how the seemingly clear redemptive purpose of the penitentiary project was eventually contradicted by conflicting views about imprisonment, the pervasiveness of traditional forms of repression and control, and resistance from the lower classes. The essays are unified by their attempt to view the penitentiary (as well as the variety of representations conveyed by the different reform movements favoring its adoption) as an interpretive moment, revealing of the ideology, class fractures, and contradictory nature of modernity in Latin America. As such, the book should be of interest not only to scholars concerned with criminal justice history, but also to a wide range of readers interested in modernization, social identities, and the discursive articulation of social conflict. The collection also offers an up-to-date sampling of new historical approaches to the study of criminal justice history, illuminates crucial aspects of the Latin American modernization process, and contrasts the Latin American cases with the better known European and North American experiences with prison reform.

Afterlives of Confinement

Spatial Transitions in Postdictatorship Latin America
Author: Susana Draper
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 0822978067
Category: Architecture
Page: 249
View: 6483
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During the age of dictatorships, Latin American prisons became a symbol for the vanquishing of political opponents, many of whom were never seen again. In the post-dictatorship era of the 1990s, a number of these prisons were repurposed into shopping malls, museums, and memorials. Susana Draper uses the phenomenon of the "opening" of prisons and detention centers to begin a dialog on conceptualizations of democracy and freedom in post-dictatorship Latin America. Focusing on the Southern Cone nations of Uruguay, Chile, and Argentina, Draper examines key works in architecture, film, and literature to peel away the veiled continuity of dictatorial power structures in ensuing consumer cultures. The afterlife of prisons became an important tool in the "forgetting" of past politics, while also serving as a reminder to citizens of the liberties they now enjoyed. In Draper's analysis, these symbols led the populace to believe they had attained freedom, although they had only witnessed the veneer of democracy--in the ability to vote and consume. In selected literary works by Roberto Bolaño, Eleuterio Fernández Huidoboro, and Diamela Eltit and films by Alejandro Agresti and Marco Bechis, Draper finds further evidence of the emptiness and melancholy of underachieved goals in the afterlife of dictatorships. The social changes that did not occur, the inability to effectively mourn the losses of a now-hidden past, the homogenizing effects of market economies, and a yearning for the promises of true freedom are thematic currents underlying much of these texts. Draper's study of the manipulation of culture and consumerism under the guise of democracy will have powerful implications not only for Latin Americanists but also for those studying neoliberal transformations globally.

The Borders of Punishment

Migration, Citizenship, and Social Exclusion
Author: Katja Franko Aas,Mary Bosworth
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191648140
Category: Law
Page: 336
View: 636
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The Borders of Punishment: Migration, Citizenship, and Social Exclusion critically assesses the relationship between immigration control, citizenship, and criminal justice. It reflects on the theoretical and methodological challenges posed by mass mobility and its control and for the first time, sets out a particular sub-field within criminology, the criminology of mobility. Drawing together leading international scholars with newer researchers, the book systematically outlines why criminology and criminal justice should pay more attention to issues of immigration and border control. Contributors consider how 'traditional' criminal justice institutions such as the criminal law, police, and prisons are being shaped and altered by immigration, as well as examining novel forms of penality (such as deportation and detention facilities), which have until now seldom featured in criminological studies and textbooks. In so doing, the book demonstrates that mobility and its control are matters that ought to be central to any understanding of the criminal justice system. Phenomena such as the controversial use of immigration law for the purposes of the war on terror, closed detention centres, deportation, and border policing, raise in new ways some of the fundamental and enduring questions of criminal justice and criminology: What is punishment? What is crime? What should be the normative and legal foundation for criminalization, for police suspicion, for the exclusion from the community, and for the deprivation of freedom? And who is the subject of rights within a society and what is the relevance of citizenship to criminal justice?

ILAS newsletter


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 4925
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NACLA Report on the Americas


Author: N.A
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: N.A
Category: Latin America
Page: N.A
View: 1976
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The Hispanic American Historical Review


Author: James Alexander Robertson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Electronic journals
Page: N.A
View: 5234
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Includes "Bibliographical section".

List of Publications


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Latin America
Page: N.A
View: 5915
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Guide to International Legal Research


Author: George Washington University Law School International Law Review
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 8039
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Crime, histoire & sociétés


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Crime
Page: N.A
View: 2300
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A history of prison and confinement in Africa


Author: Florence Bernault,Janet Lee Roitman
Publisher: African Writers Series
ISBN: 9780325071251
Category: History
Page: 287
View: 9787
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Over the last 30 years, a substantial literature on the history of American and European prisons has developed. This collection is among the first in English to construct a history of prisons in Africa. Topics include precolonial punishments, living conditions in prisons and mining camps, ethnic mapping, contemporary refugee camps, and the political use of prison from the era of the slave trade to the Rwandan genocide of 1994.

Madness in Buenos Aires

patients, psychiatrists, and the Argentine state, 1880-1983
Author: Jonathan Ablard
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 9780896802599
Category: Medical
Page: 319
View: 3193
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Madness in Buenos Aires examines the interactions between psychiatrists, patients and their families, and the national state in modern Argentina. This book offers a fresh interpretation of the Argentine state’s relationship to modernity and social change during the twentieth century, while also examining the often contentious place of psychiatry in modern Argentina. Drawing on a number of previously untapped archival sources, author Jonathan Ablard uses the experience of psychiatric patients as a case study of how the Argentine state developed and functioned over the last century and of how Argentines interacted with it. Ablard argues that the capacity of the state to provide social services and professional opportunities and to control the populace was often constrained to an extent not previously recognized in scholarly literature. These limitations, including a shortage of hospitals, insufficient budgets, and political and economic instability, shaped the experiences of patients, their families, and doctors and also influenced medical and lay ideas about the nature and significance of mental illness. Furthermore, these experiences, and the institutional framework in which they were imbedded, had a profound impact on how Argentine psychiatrists discussed not only mental illness but also a host of related themes including immigration, poverty, and the role of the state in mitigating social problems.

The cultural lives of capital punishment

comparative perspectives
Author: Austin Sarat,Christian Boulanger
Publisher: Stanford Univ Pr
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 342
View: 5275
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How does the way we think and feel about the world around us affect the existence and administration of the death penalty? What role does capital punishment play in defining our political and cultural identity? After centuries during which capital punishment was a normal and self-evident part of criminal punishment, it has now taken on a life of its own in various arenas far beyond the limits of the penal sphere. In this volume, the authors argue that in order to understand the death penalty, we need to know more about the "cultural lives"—past and present—of the state’s ultimate sanction. They undertake this “cultural voyage” comparatively—examining the dynamics of the death penalty in Mexico, the United States, Poland, Kyrgyzstan, India, Israel, Palestine, Japan, China, Singapore, and South Korea—arguing that we need to look beyond the United States to see how capital punishment “lives” or “dies” in the rest of the world, how images of state killing are produced and consumed elsewhere, and how they are reflected, back and forth, in the emerging international judicial and political discourse on the penalty of death and its abolition. Contributors: Sangmin Bae Christian Boulanger Julia Eckert Agata Fijalkowski Evi Girling Virgil K.Y. Ho David T. Johnson Botagoz Kassymbekova Shai Lavi Jürgen Martschukat Alfred Oehlers Judith Randle Judith Mendelsohn Rood Austin Sarat Patrick Timmons Nicole Tarulevicz Louise Tyler

Smoldering Ashes

Cuzco and the Creation of Republican Peru, 1780-1840
Author: Charles F. Walker
Publisher: Duke University Press Books
ISBN: 9780822322931
Category: Political Science
Page: 348
View: 5846
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In Smoldering Ashes Charles F. Walker interprets the end of Spanish domination in Peru and that country’s shaky transition to an autonomous republican state. Placing the indigenous population at the center of his analysis, Walker shows how the Indian peasants played a crucial and previously unacknowledged role in the battle against colonialism and in the political clashes of the early republican period. With its focus on Cuzco, the former capital of the Inca Empire, Smoldering Ashes highlights the promises and frustrations of a critical period whose long shadow remains cast on modern Peru. Peru’s Indian majority and non-Indian elite were both opposed to Spanish rule, and both groups participated in uprisings during the late colonial period. But, at the same time, seething tensions between the two groups were evident, and non-Indians feared a mass uprising. As Walker shows, this internal conflict shaped the many struggles to come, including the Tupac Amaru uprising and other Indian-based rebellions, the long War of Independence, the caudillo civil wars, and the Peru-Bolivian Confederation. Smoldering Ashes not only reinterprets these conflicts but also examines the debates that took place—in the courts, in the press, in taverns, and even during public festivities—over the place of Indians in the republic. In clear and elegant prose, Walker explores why the fate of the indigenous population, despite its participation in decades of anticolonial battles, was little improved by republican rule, as Indians were denied citizenship in the new nation—an unhappy legacy with which Peru still grapples. Informed by the notion of political culture and grounded in Walker’s archival research and knowledge of Peruvian and Latin American history, Smoldering Ashes will be essential reading for experts in Andean history, as well as scholars and students in the fields of nationalism, peasant and Native American studies, colonialism and postcolonialism, and state formation.

Crime and punishment in Latin America

law and society since late colonial times
Author: Ricardo Donato Salvatore,Carlos Aguirre,Gilbert Michael Joseph
Publisher: Duke University Press Books
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 448
View: 3661
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Essays in collection argue that Latin American legal institutions were both mechanisms of social control and unique arenas for ordinary people to contest government policies and resist exploitation.

BPR


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 407
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Historical Abstracts

Twentieth century abstracts, 1914-2000
Author: Eric H. Boehm
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History, Modern
Page: N.A
View: 1366
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Allgemeine Rechtslehre und Marxismus

Versuch einer Kritik der juristischen Grundbegriffe
Author: Evgenij B. Pašukanis
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783924627799
Category: Law
Page: 203
View: 9680
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Maras, Medien, Militär

gesellschaftlicher Diskurs und staatliche Politik gegenüber Jugendbanden in Honduras
Author: Peter Peetz
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643114729
Category:
Page: 251
View: 9518
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Revue française d'histoire d'outre-mer


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: France
Page: N.A
View: 3171
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